Newspaper Page Text
"Washington, May 13.?The United
States government today cabled Am
uassauui uciai u iui ^iic^uiai:vu iu
the German government a note calling
attention "to t'.ie grave situation which
lias resulted" from violation of American
rights on the nigh seas, culminat
ing in the sinking of the Lusitania,
with a loss of more than one hundred
T e communication expresses the
confident expectation of the United
States "that the imperial German gov- I
ernment will disavow the acts of
which the government of the United
States complains; tnat tiney will maKe,
reparation so far as reparation is pos- j
sible for injuries which are without
measure, and that they will take immediate
steps to prevent the recurrence
of anything so obviously subversive
of the principles of warfare, for .
wIMch the imperial German govern- ]
ment in the past so wisely and so i
T~- iV A of AP
Ill 1LS L'ULLL'i USlUii IJUtr liULC Biaico
"that the imperial German government; <
will not expect the government of .
tSie United States to omit any word i
or anv act necessary to the perform-! \
ance of its sacred duty of maintaining j ^
the rights of the United States and 1
its citizens and of safeguarding their ^
free exercise and enjoyment." ]
Text of the Jiote. 1
The full text of tfae note was made *
public tonight by the State depart- ]
ment as follows: '*
.Department 01 state,
"Washington, May 13,1915.
'The Secretary of State to the Am- i
bassador at Berlin:
"Please call on the minister of for- ;
eign affairs and, after reading to him ] <
tfois communication, leave witfn him a <
copy.. ' ]
"In view of recent acts of the German
authorities in violation of Ameri- ]
can rights on the high seas, which cul- ]
minated in tJ:e torpedoing and sinking '
or tiae tfritisn steamsmp Jbusitania on (<
May 7, 1915, by which over one hun- j s
dred American citizens lost their lives, j
it rlparlv wisp and desirable that > '<
tile government of tfte United States and
the imperial German government J
should come to a clear and full un- 1
derstanding as to. tae grave situation ]
which has arisen. j
"The sinking of the Britisfi passenger
steamer Falaba by a German submarine
on March 28, through wfrich j
Leon C. Thresi':er, an American citizen, ?
was drowned: the attack on April 28 ]
on the American vessel Cushing by a 1
German aeroplane; foe torpedoing on
May 1 of the American vessel Gulf- (
light by a German submarine, as a re- ,
, suit of which two or more American
citizens met tl.eir death, and finally,
the torpedoing and sinking of the
steamship Lusitania, constitute a series ,
of eventsof events which the government
of the United States has observed
with growing concern, distriess and
"Recalling tire humane and enlightened
attitude hitherto assumed by the!
imperial German government in mat-j
te'rs of international rigftt, and partic-'
ularly with regard to the freedom of
the seas; having learned to recognize
tlie German views and tf:e German influence
on the field of international obligation
as always engaged upon the
side of justice and humanity, and hav-:
ing understood the instructors of the
imperial German government to its
Daval commanders to be upon the same
plane of humane action prescribed by
the naval codes of otfaer nations, the :
government of the United States was !
loath to believe?it oin not now bring !
itself to believe?that these acts, so
absolutely contrary to the rules, the j
practices and the spirit of modern j
warfare, could frave the countenancej
or sanction of that great government, j
It feels it to be its duty, therefore, to I
address the imperial German goveril- j
ment concerning them with the utmost j
/\/S? i 4 n A AOm V* AT\ A f JV O f i
.l <xiiivuc?S clliu ill tun; caiucsi i -ai
it is not mistaken in expecting action
on the part of the imperial German
government which will correct the unfortunate
impressions which have been ;
." treated and vindicate once more the
position of that government with regard
to the sacred freedom of the
"The government of tine United;
States has been apprised that the im- |
perial German government considered ,
themselves to be obliged by the ex- |.
traordinary circumstances of the pres- i
ent war and the measures adopted by ;
tlheir adversaries in seeking to cut;
Germany off from all commerce, to
adopt methods of retaliation which go
much beyond tfee ordinary methods of I
i warfare at sea, in the proclamation of 1
a war zone from which they have
warned neutral ships to keep away.!
Thic wvprTimpnt Viae nlrparl-c tflVpn !
I occasion to inform the imperial Gemman
government that it can not admit
the adoption of such measures or such
a warning of danger to operate as in
any degree an abbreviation of the
rights of American ship masters or of
American citizens bound on lawful er- 11
te Presented |
rands as passengers on merchant snips '
of belligerent nationality, and that it j
must hold the imperial German gov- j
ernment to a strict accountability for i
A n-ATV\/\T%f /\f ACA ri <r}"l t C If)
<2 U V lliillllgClUClil. Ui L1IUCC i 'to*-' **?? ,
tentional or incidental. It does not un- j
derstand the imperial German gov-1
ernment to question those rights. It
assumes, on the contrary, that the imperial
government accept, as of course,'
the rule that the lives of noncombat-,
ants, whether they be of neutral cit- i
izenship or citizens of one of the na-}
tions at war, can not lawfully or J
rightfully be put in jeopardy by the |
capture or destruction of an unarmed
merchantman, and recognize also, as
all other nations do, the obligation to
take the usual precaution of visit and
search to ascertain whether a sus- j
pected merchantman is in fact of bel- j
ligerent nationality or is in fact car-,
rying contraband of war under a neu-1
Where the Objection Lies.
"The government of th e United
States, therefore, desires to call the j
mention of the imperial German gov-1
ernment with the utmost earnestness'
:o the fact that the objection to their ;
present method of attack against the
trade of their enemies lies in the prac- j
Lical impossibility of employing sub-;
marines in the destruction of com- j
nerce without disregarding those rules !
:>f fairness, reason, justic and human- j
1- ' - ' -II 3 ? !
Lty which an iuouera uyiuivu i cgaj u? :
is imperative. It is practically impos- i
sible for the officers of a submarine to
risit a merchantman at sea and examine
her papers and cargo. It is prac- j
tically impossible for them to make a
prize of her; and, if they can hot put
a prize crew on board of her, they
can not sink her without leaving her j
crew and all on board of her to the j
mci-mxr i-vf +ViCk ooq in Vior email Virvfltc 1
UJl^I \_ J v/l VXl^ CV/U 1U UVi S/N/V.WW.
These facts, it is understood, the imperial
German government frankly admit.
We are informed that in the instances
of which we have spoken time
enough for even that poor measure of
safety was not given, and in at least
Lwo of the cases cited not so much as
i warning was received. Manifestly,!
submarines can not be used against '
merchantmen, as the last few weeks
have shown, without an inevitable vioation
of many sacred principles of
justice and humanity.
"Within Their Bights.
American citizens act witnin tneir >
indisputable rights in taking their;
ships and traveling wherever their j
legitimate business call's them upon !
t&e high seas, and exercise those rights
in what should be the well justified;
confidence that their lives in clear vioendangereji
by acts done In clear <vio- j
lation of universally acknowledged in-1
ternational obligations, and certainly I
in the confidence that their own gov- j
ernmeni win sustain mem in me exer-;
cise of their rights. ,
"There was recently published in the
vi nn*pr\o rknr?r< <-v^ IV* /-> T*r\ if Of An T >*s\ I
11^ ^ VJJL LUC JL 1 C '
gret to inform the imperial German i
government, a formal warning, pur-;
porting to come from the imperial Ger- j
man embassy at Washington, ad-1
dressed to the people of the United !
States, and stating, in effect, that any :
citizen of the United States who ex-j
ercised bis right of free trevel upon j
the seas would do so at his peril if his j
iournev should take hhn witilin the:
zone of waters , within which tfne imperial
German navy "^as using submarines
against te commerce of Great
I have opened
Friend Street <
stand, South si
I solicit a si
Britain and France, notwithstanding
the respectful but very earnest protest
of his government, the government of
the United S:ates. I do not refer to
this for the purpose of calling the attion
of the imperial German government
at this time to the surprising
irrno-nl o * tt ^ f r\ r.r\ m *-?-? w.
iii^guiaii ij> vi a V.L/1H111 uuivxiLiUli 1 I'ULU
the imperial German embassy at Washington
addressed to the people of the
United States through the newspapers,
but only for the purpose of pointing
aht tViPT rt/\ warnincr that on nnlon-fnl I
and inhumane act will be committeed'
can possibly be accepted as an excause
or palliation for that act or as
an abatement of the responsibility for
"Long acquainted as this government
has been with the character of the im- j
perial German government, and with j
i : ^_v !
cue U1511 pi nippies. ui equity uy wuicu
they have in the past been actuated
and guided, the government of the
United States can not believe that the i,
commanders of the vessels wl:ich com- j
mitted these acts of lawlessness did
so except under a misapprehension of!
the orders issued by the imperial Ger-1
man naval authorities. It takes it for j
eranted that, at least, within tJ:e Drac-I
C? * 7 - - ? E
tical possibilities of every such case,
the commanders even of submarines ,
were expected to do nothing that would
involve the lives of non-combatants j
or the safety of neutral sl-ips, even at;
the cost of failing of their object of j
capture or destruction. It confidently! (
expects, therefore, that the imperial!.
German government will disavow the I.
acts of which the government of the1.
United States complains; that they will j (
make reparation as far as reparation is !
possible for injuries whicJn are with-1
out measure, and that t'ney will takef.
immediate steps to prevent the recur-1
rence of anything so obviously subver- j
sive of the principles or warlare for
which tl-e imperial German govern- |,
ment have in the past so wisely and
sn firrnlv rontended. i.
"The government and people of the!,
United States look to the imperial German
government for just, prompt and I
enlightened action in tJ:is vital matter
with the greater confidence because ,
the United States and Germany are
bound together not only by special ties .
of friendship, but also by the explicit
stipulations of the treaty of 1828 between
tJ:e United States and the kingdom
"Expressions of regret and offers of
ronarofirtn in r>iico r\f tVio flactril rtinn rvf I
1 V|/Ui UlAVli ?1* VWWV Vi. vuv VAVUVA v* V??VM V A |
neutral ships sunk by mistake, while I
they may satisfy international obliga* |
tions, if no loss of life results, can not'
justify or excuse a practice the natural
and necessary effect of which is to
subject neutral nations and neutral j
persons to new and immeasurable
"The imperial German government
will not expect tine government of the
United States to omit any word or act
necessary to the performance of its sa- j
cred duty of maintaining the rights of
the United States and its citizens and
of safeguarding their free exercise and j
Barbecue at Mt. Pleasant.
A VkQrh^na TCill Via cervpH flt \ft.
'Pleasant church on July 17 for the
beneft of the Methodist parsonage at j
Pomaria. Every one is invited to come;
and get a good dinner and *telp a good
cause. G. H. Cromer,
i Chairman of Committee.
Cures Old Seres, Other remedies Won'1 ;
' The worst cases, no matter of how long standing,!
are cured by the wonderful, old reliable Dr. j
Porter's Antiseptic Healing: Oil. It relieves
| PaLa and Heals at the same time. 25*50c, $1.1x1
a repair shop in
at Sharp's old
BRITIAN TO INTERN
k L'/irnrnn C l trtS TJrr-? t? i nnr rrii r/i
A.iyLiiu xvi Lit L-Ijrrr.ijc.^ iv
THOSE OF MILITARY AGE.
As Result of New Stand by Government
Rioting Has Largely subsided.
Will Repatriate Otliers.
I^ondon, May 13.?Premier Asquith ;
told the l:ouse of commons today that j
all aliens of enemy countries of mili- j
tary age would be interned, and that I
this applied to those naturalized,
against whom there was suspicion, |
and that others would be repatriated,!
As a result riots in London anc prov- j
tAirric ho vn lorornl v c n H o 4
tun no ?.i a * ^ iui ouuoiu^u, ,
Such rioting as did tane prace to- j
day and tonight was carried on by j
mobs of boys, girls and women, who
were out for fun or bent on looting
German shops, while men stood by
laughing or encouraging their youthful
TTe police, strongly reinforced by (
special constables, were better able to
handle the situation today.
Following thp wilri srpnpc nf vpctpr
day and last night some 500 or more
active participants in attacks on German
shops appeared in London's police
court today and the magistrates
read them severe lectures and imposed
heavy penalties in most cases. Some
of tl.e most culpable were sentenced
to jail at hard labor, sentences ranging
from a month to four months. Others,
mostly women, were fined. When men
of military age appeared before magistrates
they were told sharply that the
best way to get revenge on the Germans
was to enlist.
Appeal to Scotland Yard. 1
Streams of Germans poured into the
American consulate all day. The con- t
sul general, Robert P. Skinner, was
unable to do anything for them except I
to make an appeal in tfreir 'behalf to ,
Scotland Yard, which promised to do!
its utmost to protect them.
Mr. Skinner is taking statements!
from the Germans as to the extent of
damage sustained in the riots. These !
statements show J':eav-y losses among j
hopkeepers, one of whom states his '
property was damaged to the extent.
of $10,000. .
Few of them had suffered personal'
injury and many had not been molested
in any way. \
Falls on Taxpayers.
Under English law taxpayers of lo-j
calities where the shops were wrecked
and goods destroyed must pay compensation
for the damage done in the j
riots, so that in many cases the very
people who. took part in ti':e demonstrations
will have to pay their share.
At Southend the authorities took a
more serious view of the case, ^.s manof
the men arrested were prominent
MH>7Pnc wlir. wprp ri'.i^prprl hv fhp rp- :
cent Zeppelin raid. They were re- j
manded for a week and heavy bail was I
Naturalized Germans, Austrians an j !
Turks were busy today signing dec
larations representing their oaths of
allegiance to Great Britain. In all the :
memorial tJ':e men reaffirm their oath j
of allegiance and express aDnorrence .
of German methods of warfare.
While Premier Asquith was telling
the house of commons today tl':at the;
government had decided to intern or
segregate subjects of enemy countries
a meeting at the Mansion house, called
to "formulate a protest oy tne women,
of Great Britain and Ireland,1' adopted
with enthusiasm a resolution demand-]!
ing steps ''to free the country from the J
menace of the alien enemy in our j
V A GENTLE HARMLESS jj W/1
5 SKIN TONE ? Wm
A WHICH DOES HOT IPRITATE <5 jMV |
Daintily Perfumed !
Gives to the skin that !
smooth velvety appearance j
so necessary to a beauti-ji
IUI cumpitJAiun. ci/uung,
soothing, harmless skin !
tonic, especially good for j
sun burned, irritated skins !
We recommend it for j
sallow, rough pimples and j
other skin affections.
A Large Jar 25c
P. E. Way's Drug Store
Newberry, S. C.
^b^mKk Zrt. s^zabtrfr sz??uS M
GILDER & WEEKS ^
The Right Drug Store.
CLEAN YOUR OLD JEWELRY 1
AND MAKE IT LOOK LIKE NEW J
ROGERS CAN DO IT FOR YOU ' 1
Watch Repairing a Specialty ' 1
Bring your Watches and Clocks HERE. Better
talk to us NOW. fl
All kinds of Jewelry Repairing at Moderate Prices I 1
T. M. ROGERS, The Jeweler
Many Departments, Each Well Stocked
Our supply of sick room accessories, rubber goods,
and toilet articles is very complete, you can always
get just what you want here and you can be sure J
thp ririfp is ricrht ftnr stat.ionftrv and candv de
-? j ^
partments, as well as our cigars, and physicians' 1
supplies are all large and offer the greatest variety
from which to select.
Newberry Drug Co.
United Confederate Veterans j
Richmond, Va. I
June 1 to 3, 1915. 1
Very low round trip fares, special trains, special
through Pullman sleeping car and day coach ac
commodations announced oy tne?
Southern Railway \
Premier Carrier of the South
The "Official Route" for Monday, May 31 i
Over Night Trip Daylight Special May 31, Only
Lv. Columbia 7:20 p. m. 6:00 a. m.
Lv. Ridgeway 8:03 p. m. 8:50 a. m.
Lv. Winnsboro 8:24 p. m. 9:11 a. m.
? """ ^ ^^ 1 r\ ,r f\
Lv. Chester y:ua p. m. iu:ou a. ux.
Lv. Charlotte 11:00 p. m. 11:45 a. m. '
Ar. Richmond 8:00 a. m. 8:00 p. m.
Newberry to Richmond $8.10
ana Keturn - - - - -r?- - ?
Both of these trains will carry through day
coaches and Pullman sleeping cars and the very
best attention will be given to the handling of the
business. Through cars will also be provided for
the return movement on convenient seneduie.
Proportio lately low excursion fares from other
Excursion tickets will be on sale May 29 to June2,
inclusive, final limit returning June 10, 1915.
An extension of final limit may be obtained to
June 30, by depositing tickets not later than June
10 and payment of a fee of fifty cents.
Tickets will be good for stopovers at all Southern
Railway stations at which there are agents.
For further information and Pullman reservation
apply to local agent or write to:
^ ' 1 T-l 1 "VT TV Tk A
S. M. JVLCLiUjAJN, JJ. r. A.,
Columbia, S. C.
'' p ' . ,
3 <? fl