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H 1 r~ ii r i
MEET TO DISCUSS
m FARM QUESTIONS
^^fclOLIMANS AND GEORGIANS'
A HOLD CONFERENCE.
I Stress Importance of I)i ation,
of Needed Supplies.
espondent The State.
, Ga., May 15.?Three liuntwenty-five
in Georgia and South
gathered here today to dis-;
new economic condition in i
, which foas been brought;
the decrease in the price of
he conference was arranged j
adden, president of the Geor- j
ber of Commerce. He de- j
t it was the largest and most
y conferenre of farmers;
Bever held in this State.
W Practically every one of the score of
f speakers who delivered addresses at
[ the several sessions of the conference
\ urged the. farmers to pay more atten-j
ticn to diversified agriculture and raise
k home supplies.
More than 50 of the delegates atI
tending were from the western coun1
ties in South Carolina.
B The speakers were given close at|?tention
and were frequently interruptBed
hy intelligent questioning. The
Bfarmers made it plain that they were
present to learn something new about
I Several of the speakers cautioned
I the farmers against an extravagant
use of commercial fertilizers,
i Need for Orain Markets.
Attention was called strongly to the
iarge grain crop which will be sent to
?"t i.- ?4.1* ~ 4
lilt iuaiheis witmu uie ucal uuact ut
t four weeks from the two States and
a resolution was unanimously adopted
calling upon the hankers and business
.men to use their every effort to pror
ivide for the financing of the crop and
upon all wholesale and retail merchants
to give preference to home
. raised grains when prepared for marI
ket upon a competitive basis.
The conference adopted a resolution
| asking the railroad commissions of
I the two States to immediately promulgate
intrastate rates on grain "which
will entitle any town in either State
to get its grain from another town in
Kiat State at a rate not greater Caan
pie rate from any interstate point to
Those attending the conference estimated
that the two States will his
year harvest about 6,000,000 bushels of
wheat and that the revenue would in
large measure make up for the deHcit
in the cotton fund.
. : , ; Fewer Political Farmers,
^Several speakers .condemned the
lass of people who mingle with farmHs
for political reasons," and it was
clared tfoat tl:is kind of citizenship
s "fast passing away."
?r. M. Mixson, of Barnwell, Harry D.
iklhoun* of Barnwell; Dr.. W. J. Mealing,
of North Augusta, and Commisioner
Watson were among the speakrs
from South Carolina to address
The importance of food crops was
pcussed from every angle and those
Itending, by t):eir questions, indicated
pat they were doing everything posible
to live at home.
mf Considerable time was devoted to a
^discussion of marketing conditions in
[ the South and it was made clear that
m some means must be found to speedily
h take care of the large grain crop. It
f -was stated tfcat the growing of food
! crops would receive a serious blow if
this year's crop is not disposed of to
Health For Canaries.
I Even a canary must be cared ror judiciously
if its life is to be happy.
Regular exercise outside its cage is desirable,
if its owner has time-to look
after this exercise. A scrupulously
clean cage, fresh water and seed everyday,
greens of some sort?lettuce, eel
f ery, plantain?once or twice a week,
(and enforced abstinence from sugar,
sweet biscuits and other odds and
ends that are often fed to birds?these
details insure health and, therefore,
happiness to the caged bird. Perhaps
the fact that it is caged, that it has so
few ways of making its wants known,
^ should make its owner more careful
I of its health than she would be even 01
f the health of a dog or cat?New York
Pictures In Gardens.
Above most other arts, landscape
architecture is based on nature, and
the art c-hould be practiced on natural
k lines. The evolution of growing things,
I the development- of distinct types of
f effect, although greatly varied, can be,
? 1 "3 1% /V 4-A KAO -n
1SI1Q SUUUiU UC. Luauc lv ucai uic
stamp alike of definite, though perhaps
instinctive, ideas throughout the various
kinds of landscape gardening,
whether it be a park, an estate, a village
garden or a window box. It
should make a fine picture, no matter
how small or how large.?New York
T Flatbush?He always was a lucky
sort of a guy.
y "He's got the cash prize ;n a lottery."
"Yes. he's just married money."?
FEW NOW DIE OF OLD AGE.
Why This Is So and Why the Patri
archs Lived So Long.
I Scientists who see today how few
people live to be 100 years old tind
j themselves at a loss to explain how
j Methuselah managed to live 1)09 years,
while Noah reached the respectable age
of 505 years. Recently, however, a
discovery has been made which helps
| to explain this mystery.
When the causes of short life nowI
adays are counted up it is found that
most of the deaths are due to disease.
; Very few people die from old age. And
! the reason why people die from any
I one disease is that they have been
-i? . J i ? -i.i ? ti,A?
| weasenea uy ouuei niuf??t:s nuiw
have had or which have been handed
j down to them by their ancestors. For
example, one widespread social scourge
I which weakens the constitution ot
many men and women today was prooably
unknown in primitive times.
To some of these diseases the human
race has become so accustomed
that it is immune. Measles will kill off
a whole Indian tribe, but among the
pocos it is nnlx? ?n nnnovins
childhood malady. But the variations
of disease increase far more rapidly
than the immunity.
Noah and the patriarchs didn't have
nearly as many different kinds of diseases
to face because they hadn't h;id
enough ancestors to hand them down
a variety. Consequently their constitutions
were not constantly beiug
weakened as are ours today. For example.
there is no reference in very
ancient literatures to a cold in the
ht*cL The Greeks and Romans seem
to have been the first peopies to suffer
The' real reason whj tee patriae^
Hved longer than we do now wa/ o>
cause in those days the fount <V tea
inanity was fresher. While immunity
to certain diseases has been handed
down to us by our parents, we have
also received the weakened vitality
which was theirs as a result of theii
fight against disease. Sooner or later
the race will become immune to tuberculosis,
but with that immunity will
nr\mA /liminicho/1 rWK'Pr AS ft rpsnll
j WUJC LUt UIiUJU4<ouvu J/V..V* % - WW
of mankind's long fight against the
; white plague.?Washington Post
j NATIONAL OFFICIAL BOOKS.
They Are Named by Colors and Cove*
a Wide Range of Hues.
I British government publications are
I called "blue books," because they are
usually bound in blue paper covers and
because blue is the officially iccognized
color in parliament and law. in a few
departments, however, "blue" books
are printed in yellow covers to disti?.
I guish trie department- jLupioiuauu cm
; respondenoe with foreign countries anO
short acts of parliament are often left
unbound, or "white." because there is
no strict rule for binding any documents
less than an inch in thickness*
In addition to the "blue book" there
j is the "red book." This contains a list
of persons who hold appointments.
The only other color used by England
is black. A black book contains an exposure
of some abuse, the name "black
book" originating from the famous
"black book" compiled in the reign of
Henry VIII. to expose the abuses ir
i.v.nr^ Viz* fh'taf r?nlnr fnr srovprn
All X iauv.g tuv, VU4VA w.v - W - 0 v
ment publication is yellow. Although
the latest French government report
has been called a "black book," in real
i ity it is published in yellow covers. It
forms, in fact, one of a long set of
"yellow books" which France has been
issuing annually ever since the year
18U1 upon tiie affairs of the country for
, the use of politicians and historians,
i The chief color of Russian government
nnhlir-jitfnn? oranire. Belgium
uses gray, Italy green, the United
States blue and red. Spain and Austria
red and Germany and Portugal white
or drab.?New York Press.
Garden of the Near East.
Brusa, situated at the foot of Mourn
Olympus, in Asiatic Turkey, is the gar
den city of the near east. Even
mosque and public building and almos
| every house stands in its own garden
| under the shadow of sycamore, cypress
i or fig trees. The flora of the surround
I ing district is so rich and varied tha
It has been the happy hunting grounc
of botanists for centuries, and soim
' ?Arrn wl it O o tlm 1 n f
CUIUU111IC3 lc^aiu XV uo LUV, ?v***v
j of many of our sweetest spring flow
ers?the hyacinth, the tulip, the snow
drop and the jonquil.?London Spec
j tator. i
The Feminine Financier.
"So she has broken the engagement
1 Did she give you back the diamom
' \\r /\ o**a Cfir1
M C aiu ucauivvuvw*
j she will give me back the price I pai<
for it, but diamonds have doubled ii
ralue and that she is entitled to th<
Made Her a Fright.
r.? Tataac V?no o nATT hof
?U1^. UUUCO UUO CL iiv. ?I I'UU
"Well, you look mightily please(
"You just ought to see how it look:
on her."?Houston Post
) "Whv are vou flying your flag up
" - - - :
side down, Suburbs?"
"To let the neighbors know that tlr
I cook's gone and all invitations are off.'
King of the Penguins.
Many of the Falkland islands are in
habited only by penguins, whence thi
title "King of the Penguins." which i:
sometimes bestowed on the governo
of the Falklands.
It does no good to advertise for youi
lost self respect?Youth's Companion.
A LAOY AND h BABY
And Uncle Sam's Polite Consu
In a City In France.
HOW THEY MET AND PARTED
And How Light Was Thrown on thi
Problem That the Woman. Who Wa
French and Voluble, and the In
fant, Who Was American, Presented
Not verv i<?n? after bavins takei
charge of oue of the consulates n
France I was one morning seated a
, my desk busily enpitfcd in tijruriuj
' over my quarterly aecouuts. wbeu sud
denly a woman carrying a bundle ii
ber arms appeared before me. 1 bat
I not resided in France sufficiently ioni
, to imbibe the unadulterated Krencti pc
liteness. but 1 Dad progressed sui
. ficiently to ask:
"Madame, what can I have the pleas
ure of doing for you this morning?"
"Monsieur," she exclaimed, walkinj
1 toward me, holding out the bundle a
! if to deposit it od my desk, "this is a:
[ I American baby. What shall I do witl
Abashed at the prospect of so sud
' denly becoming a father with the 01
ange blossoms and rice omitted am
knowing that the American govern
noto KlichfiH ra\ nro/^Dnt n
1UCUI uau COl?UUOM^U MV piVVVMVu^ W
maintaining orphan asylurns either a
home or abroad. 1 hesitated a momen
"Will the inadame please be seate
over there by the door aDd tell m
why. being a Frenchwoman, she ha
become possessed of an America:
It never occurred to me to examin
the little bundle of humanity. I had 1]
previous times rather prided myself o:
. my ability to distinguish tbe natlor
ality of people, bad even boasted
. con Id tell them t>y their shoes, hut
, had never tried my perceptive power
on infant physiognomies.
"Voilar she said, seating herself.
1 shall never forget that word voils
It was one of the first French words
oror io?rm*rl Von know it means?ot
so many things when used exclams
torily. as it generally is. Usually, hovs
! ever, to the beginner in tbe Frenc
( language it conveys tht, meaning c
"Here it is." That was about as far a
j I had progressed in my French educs
! tion at that time in regard to the man
I varied meanings of voiia. and 1 d(
termined that if it meant the baby the
it would retain its geographical Iocs
i tion indefinitely-that is. in the won
an's lap over by the door, or preferabl
; outside- Hut tier voila referred nt
so much to the infant as to the stor
of how it came to be in her possessioi
rnliiKlr I frm/1 tr\ u(
: i^uc Luin.ru miumj ? mic 11 ten iw u>
sume the defensive power of silenc?
But to a Frenchwoman?well, silenc
simply means what the jockey jrlve
the horse in the last heat--encourag(
From the verbal French cyclone sh
1 burled at me I gathered a few fra$
i ments that enabled me to unrterstnnt
For three months she had heen en
ployed as nurse by an American won
an who had paid her good wapes. Fou
j weeks previously, however, the raothe
. ; had returned to New York, saying sb
! was going over for only two or tbre
I ^ knoiviACtia mottnr on
' j uaj> S Uil an Ulgl'Ul uuoiursn Ujnun uu
! would return at once. Sbe had not see
. j or beard of ber since. Being a woma
. | who bad to work for ber own livin<
j tbe baby was a burden on ber hand;
' She could hardly support herself, muc
less provide for the infant, and as th
, child was of American parentage sb
thought tbe representative of tbe Amei
( ican government ought to take car
1 suggested that I would write to th
city authorities in New York asking a
to the genuineness of the address ths
^ the woman said the mother had leJ
"And what shall I do during all tfa
1 time you are waiting for an answer
5 My answer finally was a twent
" franc gold piece, with which she di
* i parted, saying she would try to tak
3 care of the baby until I could bea
J from the New York authorities.
* | Now. the reasonable and the nnre.'
" sonahle part of the story is that sine
. her departure, though the sun ha
- risen hundreds ot times, sne Das neve
returned. It had not risen more tha
seven times, however, before 1 learne
| the reason.
- | It was just one week later at an ii
J formal dinner of the sixteen consul
who resided in the city that in tb
3 course of a conversation with my Ita
1 rvillpjifmp I rolil him tlie story <
i j the woman and the baby. What d
5! you suppose be answered?
i "Weil, well." be laugbed. "why, th?
j same woman came to my office, onl
sbe had an Italian baby. And 1 thougl
j I was fortunate to get rid of her f<
1 50 francs."
In the genera! conversation that fo
s lowed I discovered that the woma
had visited every one of the sixtee
; consulates in the city, and by her abi
j ity to change the baby's nationalit
f. from English to German and froi
Haitian to Japanese and all the oth(
e colors of the rainbow she had extrac
.. --3 nnnonlor Oofno nf thflt nfi
CU tiUUJ LUC V.UUOUIUI vvifu v> t
ticular French city the sum of 71
This incident is just one of a serif
. of similar experiences with frauds an
e fakers a consul has to face in the pe
5 formance of his duties.?Thorn we
r Haynes in New York Tribune.
Who hangs himself in the chimnc
r should not complain of smoke.?-Ge
i >TJ W
I ' VI*
i S3# s 1
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^ ft _iij
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is (D Sie
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LABOR AND ART CLASHED.^
f"he Battle Was Rather One Sided and j
Labor Won the Night.
Among the experiences which Sir;
Frederick Cowen. tiie eminent ewmpos- j
??r- in IllM ll(W?k* "Mv Art :nid I
My Friends" is the following: Once
while conducting in Melbourne a terrible
noise of hammering started overhead
as soon as the concert began.
"I put down my baton and stopped."
writes Sir Frederick; "so did the noise.
Thinking it was over, I began again;
so did the noise. I then sent a rnes
senger with a polite request that the
noise should cease. After about ten
minutes, during which the hammering
grew more aud more persistent, the
messenger returned, and I said to him:
" 'Did you give them my message?'
" 'Yes, sir.'
"'Alia wnat was tneir answer:
" 'They said. "Tell Mr. Cowen we've
got our contract to finish by a certain
time and we ain't going to stop for no
concert or nobody."'
"Upon this I turned to the audience
" 'Ladies and gentlemen, as you have
possibly noticed, there has been a fight
between labor and art Labor has
won. I am very sorry, and I wish you
all good night'
"Then 1 dismissed the orchestra, and
there was no concert that evening."
FIRE RISKS ON FARMS.
Safety First Should Be as Much the
Rule There as Elsewhere.
A contributor to Farm and Fireside
shows how appalling fire risks are on 1
farms. He tells how to redone some
of these fire risks and writes in part <
"The inveterate smoker is about as
dangerous as a walking stick of dyna
mite. It makes me shudder to see a
man smoking around the farm buildings.
One man I know never will forget
the way he was run off the farm
when I caught him smoking a cigarette
while stacking hay.
"Another dangerous practice of which
the average man is guilty is that of
carrying ordinary matches loose in his
pockets. He should carry either safe
ty matches or keep the ordinary kind
in a metal box.
"On most farms the lantern is still
the usual light for working about the
buildings after dark. A good way to
keep it clean and safe is. first to take
out the burners and clean them by
boiling in strong soapsuds. This will
keep the ventilating passages of the
burner working properly. Then wipe
all leaking or spilled oil off the base.
"Never set a lantern down. Either
hold it or hang it up. Then when it is
accidentally struck It will swing instead
A Gladstone Anecdote.
Lord Alverstone tells this anecdote
of Gladstone in his "Recollections:"
"Mr. Gladstone was very much interested
in the Caucasus. I had a
friend. Captain X., who had recently
come home from that district and I
gave him a letter of introduction to Mr.
[ Gladstone. A few days later I met Mr.
i Gladstone in Parliament street He
! stopped me and said. 'Your friend.
Captain X.. knows more about the Caui
casus than any man I ever met* A
I few minutes afterward 1 met <^apiain
j X. in Pall Mall. I said to him. 'Well,
j you have made a great impression. Mr.
Gladstone.' 'Have I?" he said. 'Yes.'
I replied. 'He says you know more
about the Caucasus than any man he
ever met.' 'Well,' said Captain X., 'that j
is very strange, for. though I was with j
him for three-quarters of an nour. i
I ARE YOl
by one of
If so, write the unders
fares, folders and all partic
Excursion tickets per
famously attractive and
T. C. V
General Passenger Age
The Standard Raili
^ mrrrr m
How Indi2ns Purified Water.
The- Indians ri;i<1 a way ot purifying '!
wafer mm: a [k>i.<1 <>i swamp nv dig- 1
giny a Unit about a loot and j
down a hour sis in?-h?*s tnMow nie water
level a tew feet from ilie pond. After
it w:is tilled with water thev bai!?>d It
out <jtiicKlv. repeat]us the nniimg process
Htxiiit three tirnes After the third
h.-nliuu the hole would t>e tilled wtttl
filtered water. Try iL? Boy Seoul j
Why Corn Has Silk.
A Potato Hill 111:1 li who is sixtv-one
years did never knew until recently ;
that for every grain <?u an ear of com
there is a silk running out to the end
t?? light and moisture. These silks run
back under rhe Disk. One is attached
to each irrain on the cob and nourishes
it. Kverythinn id nature is more won
derfni than any invented story.?Potato
Hill Cor. in Atchison Globe.
"Our daughter is studying French.
German, music, dancing and painting,'*
said the foud mother complacently.
"Well." replied Mr. Cumrox, "that's
a good start. But has she yet learned
not to use back number slang and
chew gum?"?Washington Star.
NOTICE OF ELECTION IN FORK
SCHOOL DISTRICT, No. 55.
Whereas, one-tf:ird of the resident
electors and a like proportion of tne
resident freeholders of the age of 21
years, of Fork School District, No.
55 of the County of Newberry, State
of Souta Carolina, have filed a petition
with tae County Board of Education
of Newberry County, Soutfi Carolina,
petitioning and requesting that an
election be held in said School District
on the question of levying a spe
city annual tax of two mills to be collected
on the property located in the
said School District:
Now, therefore, the undersigned,
composing the County Board of Education
for Newberry County, Soutfe
Carolina, do hereby order the Board
of trustees of the Fork school districts \
No. 55 to hold an election on the said
question of levying a two mill tax tobe
collected on the property located in
said school district located in tfce
foe said school district, which said election
shall be held at Fork school house,
in said school district No. 55, at which,
said election shall be held at Fork
school !:ouse, in said school distritc
No. 55, on Saturday, June 5, 1915, at
which said election the polls shall be
opened at 7 a. m. and closed at 4 p.
m. The members of the board of trus
tees of said school district snan act as
managers of said election. Only such
electors as reside in said sc!:ool district
and return real or personal property
for taxation, and Who exhibit
their tax receipts and registration certificates
as required in general elections,
shall be allowed to ivote. Electors
favoring the levy of such tax shall
cast a ballot containing the word "Yes*'
written or printed tfiereon, and such,
elector opposed to sucfr levy shall ca?t
a ballot containing fte word "No"
written or printed tnereon. ,
Given under our hands and seal on
May 35, 1915.
GEO. D. BROWX,
S. J. DERRICK,
J. S. WHEELER,
County Board of Education
for Newberry County, S. C.
co and San
signed for low excursion
:ulars regarding your trip,
mit stopovers at many
scenic points and resorts.
mt, Wilmington, N. C.
'ao et T mo
oad of the South.