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WAR BENEATH WAVES |
WREAKS MORE HAVOC
SriOIAKINES COMIXl"E Tit T\KE
THEIR 101 ili*
Zeppelin Kai<l on South Eml am! Aer?planes
of French Drop Bombs 011
Submarines continue to take their
toil in tne European war. The British
battleship Majestic has been sent to
the bottom oft' Galliopoli peninsula by
a German torpedo. Te number lost,
as in the case of the Triumph, has
not been computed.
The British steamer Xorwenna was
' -L J? r -LI A1 J Tj' ? ^ J rxf
SUI1K noi lar U'Ulll uie UIU neau VI .
Kinsdale, where the Lusitania went,
down, and the steamer Betty was dis-;
posed of in the North Sea?both by
The BritisL submarbine E-ll has
made a long trip, under mine fields,
part of the way, through the Darda-j
nelles and the Sea of Marmora up to j
the very waters of Constantinople, a'
distance approximately of 200 miles, i
In the course of the expedition she,
sank an ammunition vessel in the 5ea
of Marmora, torpedoed a supply ship]
at Rodosta and discnargea a torpeao
at a transport along the arsenal at^
Constantinople, tJ~e effect of which is
Another tragedy of the sea 'hasj
occurred at Sherness, where the J
British auxiliary steamer Princess,
Irene has been blown up by an acci-j
dental explosion on board. More than !
300 lives are reported to have been
Zeppelins have raided South End.
40 miles from London, dropping bombs
on the town. One woman is said to
have been killed and some property
damage was caused.
' at is officially described as "tfne
finest aerial exploit accomplished dur-;
ing t):e war," have been carried out by'
IS French aeroplanes, wmch dropped,
bombs on the great explosive factory!
at Ludkighafen and an annex near j
Oppau, which are declared bv the
French war office to have set the fac- j
tory buildings on fire. Seventeen aero- j
The heaviest fighting of the war1
i . |
still goes on in the Galician district,!
which the Teutonic allies still press!
close upon the Russians. More Chanj
2,000 prisoners are declared to havej
been captured by the Austro-Germans;
east of Radymno and nearly 3,000 near
T_ J.V - nnJ nlsvnar +f~ n Anctrrv
Ill Hie ?csi anu aivua jn.UK7i.iv
Italian frontier engagements also are
taking place at various points. Vienna
says that in the Tyrol the Italians
"bombarded the Austrian positions with
heavy guns, and that on the coast j
King Victor Emmanuel's men crossed!
t&e frontier at several points, but that j
those who advanced to t':e Austrian j
positions were repulsed. Two com-j
panies of Italians were annihilated by!
the Austrian machine guns, according
to the Austrian reporv
To the east of Ablain the French
record the taking of allied troops of
German trenches and a strategic position
in a cemetery and also the capture
of 400 prisoners. On several ot^er
sections of t)he western line fierce
artillery engagements are in progress.
WIFE MAKES AFFIDAVIT
TO SATE HUSBAND
Sworn Statement From Mrs. Leo M.i
Frank to Be Presented at
Atlanta, 'May 26.?-An affidavit by
Mrs. Leo M. Frank, detailing what she
VnriTi-c r\f !' ar Vinchanri'c mriVPTTl Pn t? and 1
actions on tT:-e day of the Mary Phagan!
murder, will be presented before the
State prison commission at the hearing
here next Monday on Frank's application
for commutation of the death
sentence to life imprisonment. TMs
was announced today by Former Congressman
W. M. Howard, who will!
have charge of Frank's petition.
Mrs. Frank was not permitted under
the State law to testify at the trial.
Frank also will be tendered as a
witness by his counsel, it is ^stated,
but whether ?':e will be heard will depend
upon the commission's ruling.
Another development in connection
cl'i+Vi tVio EVanV mcp whir<h att.rantftd I
interest today was. a report submitted
to Gov. Slaton and the prison commission
by Albert S. Osborne, a handwriting
expert of New York, in which
Osborne declared his belief that Frank
had noticing to do with the "murder i
notes" found beside the body of the
Finagan girl. James Conlev. a negro,
testified at the trial that he wrote these
notes at Frank's dictation.
It was learned tonight that Solicitor
General Dorsey, who prosecuted
Frank, had filed with the prison commission
a protest against the grant3nor
r\f frjinlr'c riAfitirvn fr?r oommilta
The School Improvement association
of Pomaria will give a barbecue in
the grove at Pomaria on July 3, for tfce
benefit of the school.
Mrs. Jno. C. Aull, Pres.
DROWNING GUT A FIRE.
High Pressure Water Streams That
Tear Down Room Partitions.
Just think of picking up ji pond or :
a reservoir cont-dining about i
. ? i 1 it I
UW gHiiOHS OI WJUOi' IIU iun;? iij.. it |
bodily at a tiro, and then picking up j
another pond <-r reservoir containing!
the same aniuiiai oi' waler and throw- i
ing that at the hie within n moment's
time, and keeping up this performance
every minute for an hour until the fire
is drenched with nearly lUMM'U'> gallons
of water! Quite a "bucket brigade,"
Practically that is what the New
York fire department does today with
its high pressure system, for with this
method of water supply the iueiueii
can obtain 30.000 gallons of water a
minute and, if necessary, at a maximum
pressure of 3(X> pounds to the
square inch ? sufficient pressure or
"pushing power" behind the stream to
carry it from the street to the top of
an eight story building or even higher,
it rim o-rpMtest nossible advantage
over the "throwing" method, since the
firemen, with the aid of their water
towers and monitor nozzles, can direct
right into the heart of the fire this immense
volume of water?enormous
streams thnt smash windows, tear
down partitions, sweep aside merchandise
and squirm, twist and force themselves
into every nook and corner of
a building, searching out the fire better
than the firemen can and smothering
it before it can reach the danger
And this is why that in a portion of
New York city noted a few years ago
for destructive fires the big tire has. in
a sense, disappeared.?Charles T. Hill
in St. Nicholas.
THE CORNCOB PIPE.
At Times It's Risky, and It Doesn't Go
Well With a Silk Hat.
The corucob pipe is a democratic institution.
One evidence of the fact that
this country is not so democratic as [
foreigners believe is th.-u, according to
the code of an American gentleman,
the corncob pipe must r )t be smoked
while wearing a silk tat. On the other
hand, it may be for this reason that
Americans so seldom affect the s^k
But some men find difficulty in
--3 fh/vmonlrno tA tho " \ f 14JQO11 T'i I
au;iyuii& Lucixioci > ca wv.
meerschaum." They contend that the
first puff from a new corncob pipe is
like a breath from the nether regions.
This aversion arises from the circumstance
that, like a sponge, a new cob
pipe should be dipped in water before
it is used. After the first pipeful of
tobacco has been smoked it will be
found that a liberal coat of ashes has
attached itself to the walls of the pipe,
rendering it thereafter much less likely
to burn the tongue than if it were
initiated without the formality of baptism.
There is one place, however, where
the cob pipe is distinctly dangerous,
and that is in the mouth of a beginner
in the mellow art of smoking. Moth
ers who dread tbe day wnen tneir sons
shall feel obliged to assert their entrance
into man's estate by acquiring
a taste of tobacco will do well to buy
a corncob pipe and leave it carelessly
about the house. In time it wiil be
missed. So will the boy's appetite.
But the appetite will come back.?Indianapolis
Sky and air are the hardest things to
imitate on the stage, but this old problem
has been solved. Clear sky, cloudy
ow on^ oflfppfs nrp obtained i
orvj auu u*ufci**ivv
by shooting light 011 a very carefully
built concrete dome. The smooth
white surface of the concrete reflects
the light rays in so many directions
that they all blend. At the same time
the light thrown on the dome is carefully
filtered to obtain just the right
The combined result can be made to
give the impression that the roof over
the stage has been taken off to let the
sky in. Then, with a moving picture j
- - " -1 3 . J !
macHine 111 tne wmgs, ouuu euecw
may be added without difficulty.?Saturday
Some Pet Aversions.
Julius Caesar was so much afraid of
thunder that he wanted to get under,
ground to escape from the terriblenoise.
Queen Elizabeth always shud- j
dered when the word death was pro- j
nounced in her presence. Marshal
Saxe, who knew no fear in the hottest j
battle, would flee with screams from a;
cat. Peter the Great dreaded always,
frt /^mcc q hridiTA. Bvron would not i
help any one to salt at table nor would j
he be-helped, and if salt was spilled'
he would leave his meal unfinished, i
Many such peculiarities could be cited j
from the biographies of well known
"Didn't I see daughter in the kitch- j
en yesterday?" inquired father.
? - i -^,,1
""mars a uuyenu
"Don't be too hopeful," said mother \
wearily. "She is merely going to read
a paper on domestic science at her
"The climax to his wooing was very
romantic. He proposed to her on the
verge of a mountain gorge."
"What did she do?"
"SHe tnrew mm ova.
"X is the unknown quantity, isn't,
"Try to borrow one and you'll soon
find out."?Baltimore American.
Early and provident fear is the mother
WORRY IS A PERIL
It Often Causes Ills Greater by
Far Than Itself.
LIABLE TO LEAD TO DEATH.
In Many Cases It Is an Important
Agent In the Production of Diabetes,
Gout, Goiter, Chronic Heart Disease
and Other Physical Troubles.
With the possible exception of those
in the period oi' happy childhood, every
one is at times a victim of worry. In
JLcl^L, lilt. vl. > 111U.1V lliiuivo UL
and accepts worry much as lie thinks
of and accepts disagreeable weather
conditions?as one of the bitter things
of life which must be taken with the
sweet. In other words, he regards it
as a fact, but does not attempt to
The wisest thinkers of all times have
recognized the condition, and many
well known writers have expressed
their views of its psychology. What
has not been sufficiently recognized,
however, until very recently, is the
importance of worry, not merely in
itself, as implying the absence of happiness,
but as the cause of ills far
greater than itself, the cause predisposing
to secondary manifestations
which would otherwise have been es
Having fully comprehended this fact,
the next logical step in scientific progression
is to determine the exact mechanism
by which these disturbances
are brought about. Through the conjoined
efforts of psychologists and
physiologists we are just beginning to
reach the true physical basis of this
The keynote of worry is beyond doubt
a disturbance of the mind, says Dr.
Erie D. Forrest in the Medical Record.
It may be defined as the restless consciousness
of all incumbrances which
we accept under protest.
To elaborate this definition, it is the
mind's unrest about anything which
concerns us. whether it relates to our
future, our dear ones, a cause we have
espoused, our happiness, our salvation,
our means of sunncrt. our nosition in
life, our health, our fate or our success
in general. It does not consist solely
in our interest in all these things; it is
rather a disquietude arising from a
feeling of helplessness before the various
chances and claims of life.
The popular opinion seems to be that
the mental condition is one of depression,
possibly because the physical
manifestations are chiefly depressive
in nature. The fact cannot be too
strongly emphasized, however, that the
primary mental condition is one of
overactivity and. moreover, overactivity
along lines of fixed ideas.
TITJfKAni- 4-ct lrirvr* nn lnrHrlrlllQllir fho
Y* llllUUl Uliviii^ uy 1UU1* AUUUiij tu\y
phases of worry brought about by the
various specific causes the physical
manifestations of worry in general
may be said to be depression of respiration,
sighing, disturbances in rate
and force of heart beat, vasomotor
changes, disturbances in secretion, pallor,
cold extremities, relaxation and
decreased motility of the alimentary
tract, dilatation of the pupil, loss of
weight, insomnia and general physical
These disturbances may vary in their
prominence and may appear as groups
of symptoms characterizing well known
diseases. Thus worry is sometimes an
important agent in. the production of
diabetes, gout, exophthalmic goiter and
chronic heart disease.
Inasmuch as worry is primarily a
disease of the mind, and since every
portion of the body is intimately connected
with every other part by a network
of nervous tissue of great complexity,
we naturally seek for the
causes of these manifestations, first of
all, in the nervous system.
In every individual at a given time
there is a limited amount of potential
-L "? XV.
energy sioreu up 111 uie ceus uj. mc
brain. This function seems to rest in
the chromatin granules of the nerve
cells, and it has been shown repeatedly
that a liberation of nervous energy,
whether in response to a psychic
or sensory stimulus, results in a physiological
degeneration of the chromatin
granules, and consequently of the cells
themselves. Obviously a prolonged discharge
of nervous energy diminishes
by so much the amount left in the
brain cells. Furthermore, stimuli of
sufficient number, intensity or duration
may cause,exhaustion and death.
Origin of the Sun Flag.
The origin of the emblem of the
sun as the Japanese national symbol
dates back to time immemorial. The
first record of its use on land is that
of a famous war lord of the eleventh
century; again in the fifteenth century
the emblem was adopted by the feudal
lords and warriors. The connection of
the emblem with the navy is also deep
rooted, having had local usage as early
as 71 A. D., and a more extended field
in 110 A. D. The official adoption of
the sun flag to represent the nation took
place in 1S10.?Bulletin of the Japan
Two Minutes After the Exam.?Aw,
that was a cineh. I crashed that easy!
Right between the eyes!
One Day After the Exam.?Of course
there were a couple of little things I
didn't get quite right.
Two Days After the Exam.?Say, I
think I got two questions all wrong.
Three Days After the Exam.?Pass
it? Well, I should say not. I flunked
JLL tuiu. xaic
Conscience is the highest of. all
courts.?Victor H ; d.
! H 0
fcsA ? tea*
I rf &
5* & i
, ? I mil 111II IM1H?;
CATARACT OF THE EYE.
It May Come at Any Time of Life, and
Its Conl Is Blindness.
Catara i U an ?-.p::?-i:y of :!?o crystal-'
lino lens caused by interference with
its nutrition. As the rays of li-_ht cannot
penetrate this opaque matter it results
in blindness. A cataract may
come at any tim-j <?i" life, but is most
apt to come in old aire, when senile
- .. . .,1] ^-e ,|ln
(/nances UIKU [nut u in an Ui Lii\j
A cut:iract may be caused by changes
in the eye before birth. Children are
born with a cataract. It may be
caused by changes during childhood,
by disease or injury, by excessive and j
persistent light and heat and by many j
other causes. Glassblowers are sub-j
jeet to it, X ray workers, sufferers'
from diabetes and many others. It
may be a primary disease or it may |
be secondary to other diseases.
It is often very successfully treated
by operation, particularly in the a?ed, |
the lens or lens and its capsule being
removed. The development of cataract
Wake up bi
The Bell Telephone is
Ring up on the Bell.
You may talk about
your breath but it won'1
breath to talk into your Be
A\lllg Up VSJ.U CUJlV/JJJVlu
of prospects, there is no <
sayes more time or expens
If you haven't a Bell
Call the Business office foi
SOUTHERN BELL T
BOX 163, COL1
Opened February 20, c
SAN DIEGO, (
Opened January 1, clos
Tickets on sale daily a
returning. Good going \
ing via anotner. otop-o\
Round Trip from Newbei
One way, via Portland, 0:
Also very low round trip
Portland, Ore.; Vancouv<
Full information regar<
points of interest, sehedul
Also descriptive literaturi
us help you plan your trij
Why pay Tourist Ag<
are free? Address
S. H. M<
W. H. Tayloe, H. F.
P. T. E., G. I
D. C. D.
is sometimes very rapid. especially
er injury, but in tbe aged it take*
place slowly, sometimes requiri
years before blindness results.
oTicratinn i< ji.ii usually done until ^he W p;
cataract mature <?r ripe. An earlier
operation frequently militates against ^'
a successful result.?Philadelphia Xiec- fl
"Come, dear." said (ho mof'/er of a
little four-year-old miss: "it is jrettinsr I
late. and you should l>e upstairs in I
"But. mamma." protested the little fl
one. "it won't be any earlier up there
than it is down here."?Exchange.
Open to Any Offer. JH
Young Man?So Miss Ethel is your
eldest sister. Who comes after her? j
Small Brother?Nobody ain't come yet, afl
but pa says the first fellow that comes 1
can have her.?Stray Stories.
The bee that gets the honey doesn't
loaf around the hive.?Chicago News.
the Big Ben of Business.
dull times 'till you lose 1
t help matters, save your
, then start on a fresh list I
quicker way ? none that A
Telephone, get one now.
: rates. |f
UMBIA, S. C. MHj
I Exposition bH
Q, CALIFORNIA HH
loses December 4, 1915
rnia Exposition 1
es December 31, 1915.
:r of the South |H
nd limited 90 days for
ria one route and return- m
rers allowed. Jk
*ry, S. C. - - - $81.10
regon - - - $102.81
rates from other points. M
rates to Seattle Wash.;
r\ ? J A
it, -D. U., anu maiiy uuia b
iing the various routes,
es, etc., gladly furnished.
e sent upon request. Let . '
;ncies when our services -I
. Cary, W. E. McGee, fll