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we spending it in the wrong direc k
We spend 100,000,000 a year for the
, maintenance of our army against
I $170,000,000 that Germany spends for
hers. And who would dare question
me when I say that Germany's army
is ten times $70,000,000 greater than
the small army of the United States?
We spend $140,000,000 a year for
our navy. We have spent five hundred!
millions more in the last fifteen years |
than <:as Germany, and who would
dare question me when I say that our
navy is not as good as Germany's.
And my good, people, we also spend
B $300,000,000 a year in pensions?more
A than that of the combined expenditure
for our army and our navy. There
w are people?Dr. David Siarr Jordan?
for example, who believe in the brotherhood
of man. They tell us that our j
pension money should be charge to
military expenses but I tell you that
ti:is $300,000,000 should be charged to
ftihe personal accounts of the David
Starr Jordans, for the bigger part of
it is due to lack of common sense pre.
pared n ess.
I Some day this country is going to]
fight. And when we have to fight, 11
want my country to be ready! I do'
not know, for I am not a war-prophet,
il would rather be a peace-prophet.
But I have always agreed somewhat
with those people wfao fcave told us
that some day we would have to lick
Japan. And since the Japanese nation
has shown what manner of coun}
try it is, by having taken advantage
of thft nresftnt. "Elironean striies-lp and
shave pounced upon China with insolent
demands?seeking, I say to take
^ charge of that nation?to rob fcer of i
M ber independence and integrity?I be-1
W Sieve that if we are not ready?if we
allow our army and onr navy to be
neglected for the next ten years as it
Iis Demg neglected xoaay?some oav
Japan is going to pounce upon us and j
take the Phillipines^?and then threaten
our Pacific coast. And, may I be
pardoned for being so radical as to
enquire of those American people who
clap their hands and stomp their feet
and cry hurrah wfaen the British claim
to drive hack true Germans ten feet?
may I ask if you believe that it is fair
end rigfot to let our mills work without
cessation to make bullets and powder
to shoot down a people?brothers and
cousins of those who have come to
. this country and have helped to make
i .America what it is today?may I ask
I you who believe tfrat this is right, and
I at tJbe same time, for this country to
* stand back and give England practically
a free hand in trying to starve
out the innocent women and children
of one of the most cultured nations
r v.u cifcrui?m&y i ctbii. /i>a wuwre io
ff England going to stand if Japan
pounces upon America? If there was
an alliance between Japan and England
so strong that England could
call upon Japan to go over and take
that small Eastern possession from
Germany, when Japan had no outward
grudge against Germany, I ask you in
| all calmness, cannot it be reasonably
expected that Japan can demand help
from England wl:en she gets ready to
try her ftand at warfare with America?
What will those people who call
i the Germans barbarians, what will you
i say in that day when American made
' guns are turned upon American soldiers
by that nation which money|
loving American manufacturers are
working night and day for?
Are you willing that Japan, that
England, tl~at Russia, that Austria,
tftat Germany or any other foreign
power shall set the heel of oppression
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submit to a condition that would make
America do the bidding of other nations?are
you willing that we should
continue to be a vassal of England?
Xo! you cry, No! But what can I,
do? I am not a soldier. I am not a
j fighter. I am not in authority at
| (Washington. This is what you dan I
do. ; i I
Sixty per cent of the blajne for our (
present policy as regards preparedness
lies at tfee feet of congress, and
I the other forty per cent, lies at the
feet of the people of this country who
are not awake to the present conditions
of things. You can tell your
i congressman that this country is not
going to stand for the present pork
barrel policy. You can tell him tibat
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that there is something radically
I wrong?and it is up to him to find out
i wThat is the matter with the army and
| the navy. You can tell him that if we
are not spending money enough for
our army and our navy, that you will
dig down in your pockets in order to
spend enough money in efficient preparations,
and you will not scratch his
name at the next election because national
taxes are a little hieh because
of this preparedness. I believe that
the question of efficient preparedness
is going to be one of the issues of
the next national campaign, and that
the man who gets on the stump and
says that he won't vote for a bigger,
army or a bigger and better navy isn't
going to get to "Washington.
As I have said before this country
is not a military nation and can not
be made a military nation. We will
not submit to conscription, but with
efficient and economical management
of our military affairs, the regiments
would be full, and they -would have
guns to shoot. There would at all
times be an efficient fleet, properly
manned, and there would be no scarc\
ity of ammunition while at the present
time we are told that there is
not enough ammunition in tt:e United
States navy to last a half hour in battle.
"This kind of preparedness would not
be militarism. It would not prepare
us to take part in a world-war. It
would not be telling otoer nations that
we have a big navy and a good army,
and we would like to try them out?
come over and give us a fight. But it
would enable us to effectually resist
sudden assault long enough for war
measures to be put into force.
Mr. Garrison made a modest request
for the improvement of the army.
Others have made similar requests as
rpo-ariis thp naw. and thev have all
* ^ w y ? * ~r~
been turned down b ycongress. Yet tl:e
present congress has already made
one war, and made a mess of it.
It is said that wise men learn by
experience of others, fools learn only
by their own. W-iat shall we say of
those?this nation, if you please,?who
refused to learn by its own experience?
Shall the boys of some future
years go off to war as did th& boys
of 1898? Shall t):ey go almost in
bare feet, without military equipment,
without food, without medical atten-1
tion? Or shall they, when the fearful
day comes, like tfne great German
. hosts, every man be to his 'place, be
assigned to a new uniform and go
forth to war and to glory for the honor
of the Stars and Stripes? What a
sigl:t it must have been when the
German army entered Brussels! Neutral
correspondents tell us that it was
like a triumphant entry of a king.
Every man was clad as if on dress
parade. The steel of his bayonet glistened
in the sun. On rnis feet were
boots made to stand many days'
marches and at the same time made
for comfort. At the side of each firey,
prancing steed there were strapped an
extra pair of horse shoes, so that per
chance if anything should happen
along the route of march, the foorse
should be shod in a few minutes.
Everything bore the ensignia of the
kaiser, from a gun to the field kitchen.
And, how wonderful was their equipment
of actual battle! You know the
story. You know tfae result of the
sirk am/? wounded TTava almost all
of the German wounded and tfne German
sick died from a result of their
wounds or of their illness, as was the
case with American boys in 1898? No.
Statistics show that 75 per cent of the
German wounded recover and get back
to the firing line. The German surgical
and medical branch is one of the
main features of the great military
machine. And did it all come by
chance, or by preparedness.
I do not know wfcetlber or not my
country will call me to defend it. I do j
net know if it will ever call my son
who is now but a babe. But when
it does it will find me or him Teady.
And in that day I expect my country
I to be ready. Yes, I am ready to leave
1 my business today to become proficient
in military service, if my country
says that it is right that I should,
j I shall insist that my boy ibave a
' military training of some kind. And
j I am ready to give my life; if need be,
not because I love a fight?not because
I am hungry for war?not because
I hold a grudge against a na;
tion or against a people?but because,
above all else, I love America. America
first, says our great and noble pres!
ident. America first, so say we all.
T -X 1 _
JL/?i us, uv our iiui unite sa) lu uiusc
in authority that America shall not
only be first in liberty, in the pursuit
| of happiness, in peace, in the arts
! and industries and in commerce, but
: that America shall be first in preparedness?first
in bringing-about means
, to protect the one hundred millions
of souls over which floats the Stars
and the Stripes.
I thank you.
Edw. B. Houseal,
Newberry College, 1915.
xne uanueuun is an euuciem. yuuiu
It is most excellently adapted to its
job of keeping alive and spreading
itself over the face of the earth. Except
in early spring its leaves are too
bitter to be eaten by man or by anii
mals. They lie flat on the earth so
| that grazing beasts may tread on them
j without killing the plant The roots
I take strong hold. The length of the
j elastic stem which bears up the blossom
is determined by the height of the
! other vegetation in which the dandeI
lion finds itself. On a close cropped
lawn the dandelion's stem is stubby; in
tall grass it reaches up toward the
sun. Its seeds fly lightly and far on
every breeze. The dandelion will raise
a series of seed crops extending up almost
to the first snowfall. ? Detroit
The origin of the people known as
gypsies remains largely a mystery.
l2gypt, India, Persia and Arabia have
in turn been pointed out as their original
country, but there is little definite
knowledge on the subject The weight
of evidence is in. favor of their having
originated in India. They first appeared
in Europe about 1400 and from the
Danube region spread all over the continent,
appearing in England about
Invigorating to the Pale and Sickly
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