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a manner guaranteeing the freedom
of the seas, and will welcome it with
gratitude and satisfaction if it can
work hand in hand with nhe American
government on ti. at occasion.
"If in the present war the principles
which should be the ideal of the
luture nave ueen uavniscu muie a.uu
r.'ore, tae longer its duration, the Gerdoq
government has no guilt therein.
It is known to the American governraeni:
i:ow Germany's adversaries, by
completely paralyzing peaceable traffic
between Germany and neutral
countries, have aimed from the very
"beginning and with increasing lack of
consideration at the destruction not
so much of the armed forces as the life
of the German nation, repudiating in!
doing so all the rules of international
law and disregarding all righrs of neu- 1
Ensrland to Blame.
"On November 5, 1914, England declared
the North Sea a war area and
by planting poorly ancnorea mines i
and by ti e stoppage and capture of j
vessels made passage extremely dangerous
and difficult for neutral shipping..
so (by) that actually blockad-j
ing neutral coasts and ports contrary t
to all international law. Long before j
the beginning of submarine war England
practically completely intercepted
lfgitimate neutral navigation to
Germany also. Thus Germany was
driven to a submarine war on trade.
On November 14, 1914, the English;
premier declared in the house of commons
that it was one of England's!
principal (tasks to prevent food for!
the German population from reaching
Germany via neutral ports. Since March
1, England has been taking from neutral
ships without further formality
all merchandise proceeding to Ger
many, as well as all mercnanaise
coming from Germany, even with, neutral
property. Just as it was also
with the Boers, the German people is
now to be given the choice of perishing
from starvation witfr its women
and children or of relinquishing its
"While our enemies thus loudly and
openly proclaim without mercy our
litter destruction, we were conducting
a war in self-defense for our national
existence and for the sake of peace
of an assured permanency. "We have
"been obliged to adopt a submarine
warfare to meet tJ':e declared intentions
of our enemies and the methods of
warfare adopted by them in contravention
of international law.
"Might Suffer*?and Did.
"With all its efforts in principle ito
protect neutral life and property from
damage as much as possible, the German
government recognized unreservedly
in its memorandum of February
4 that the interests of neutrals might
suffer from the submarine warfare.
IKoTCTer, the American government
will also understand and appreciate
ti:at in t>~ f z" t existence which
faas been forced upon Germany by its
adversaries and announced by them
it is the sacred duty of tfre imperial
government to do all within its power
to protect and save the lives of German
subjects. If the imperial government
were derelict in these, its duties,
it would be guilty before God and
- history of the violation of those prinnfn^s
nf hierhest humanity which are
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By Lydia EL Pinkham's Vegtable
Compound and Wants
Other Suffering Women
To Know It
Murfreesboro, Tenn. - "I have
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This famous remedy, the medicinal
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trofluui and held in strict confidence*
the foundation of every national existence.
'"The case- of the Lusitania shows
i with horrible clearness to what
: jeopardizing of human lives the manj
ner of conducting war employed by
our adversaries leads. In the most
j direct contradiction of international
' law, all distinctions between mer[
chantmen and war vessels have been
! obliterated by the order to British
i merchantmen to arm themselves and
| to ram submarines, and the promise
! of rewards therefor, and neutrals who
j use merchantmen as travelers there'
by have been exposed in an 'increas;
ing degree to all the dangers of war.
Sank Too Fast.
"if the commander of i:he German j
submarine which destroyed the Lusitania
had caused the crew and passengers
to take to the boats before
firing a torpedo this would have meant
the sure destruction of his own vessel.
After the experiences in sinking
much smaller and less seaworthy ves- i
sels, it was to be expected that aj
mighty ship like the Lusitania would'
remain above water long enough after i
the torpedoing to permit passengers j
to enter the ship's boats. Circumstances
of a very peculiar kind, especially
the presence on board of large!
quantities of nighly explosive materials
(word omitJted possibly "dissipated")
this expectation. In addition i
it may be pointed out that if the Lusitania
had been spared thousands of
cases of munitions would have been
sent to Germany's enemies and there-1
by thousands of German mothers and
children robbed of breadwinners.
"In .the spirit of friendship wherewith
the German nation has been imbued
towards the Union and its inhabitants
cinop thp earliest riavs nf its
existence, the imperial government
will always be ready to do all it can
during the present war also to prevent
i:he jeopardizing of lives of American
citizens. The imperial government
therefore repeats the assurances
that American ships will not be hindered
in the prosecution of legitimate
shipping and the lives of American
citizens in neutral vessels shall not be
placed in jeopardy.
"In order to exclude any unforeseen
dangers to American passenger steamers
made possible in view of. the conduct
of maritime war by Germany's
adversaries, German submarines will
be instructed to permit the free and
safe passage of such passenger steamers
when made recognizable by special
markings and notified a. reaonable
time in advance. The imperial government,
however, confidently ho^es
that the American government will
sume to guarantee that these vessels
have no contraband on board, details
of arrangement for the unhampered
passage of these vessels to be agreed
on by the naval authorities of both
"In order to furnish adequate facilities
for travel across the Atlannic
for American citizens the German
government submits for consideration
a proposal to increase the number of
available steamers by installing in
passenger service a reasonable number
of neutral steamers under the
American flag, the exact number to
be agreed upon under the same condition
as the above mentioned A:'-eri
can steamers. The imperial government
believes it can assume thai in
tMsj manner adequate facilities for
travel across the Atlantic ocean can
be afforded American citizens. There
would, therefore, appear to |be no
compelling necessity for American
citizens to travel to Europe in time
oi war uii suips can^iug cit ciicjjj..'
"In particular the imperial government
is unable to admit that American
citizens can protect an enemy ship
through the mere fact of their presence
"Germany merely followed Eng|
land's example when she declared part
of tf:e high sea an area of w;r. Consequently,
accidents suffered by neutrals
on enemy ships in this area of
war can not well be judged differently
from accidents to which neutrals are
at all times exposed at the seat of war
J ^ K/\f^TrA +I-.?micralT7'AC
UIl ictutl VV ilCIl Liicj VOUXZVC
into dangerous localities in spite of
"If, however, it should not be possible
for 'ijte 'American government to
acquire an adequate number of neutral
passenger steamers the imperial
government is prepared to interpose
no objections to the placing under
American flag by the American government
of four enemy passenger
steamers for nassen^er trafnc between
North America and England. Assurances
of 'free and safe' passage for
American passenger steamers would
extend to apply under the identical
conditions to these formerly hostile
"The president of the United States
has declared his readiness, in a way
deserving of thanks, to communicate
and suggest proposal to the government
of 'Great Britain witib particular
reference to the altercation of maritime
warfare. The imperial government"
"will always he glad to make use
f the good offices of the president ana
hopes that his efforts in the present
case, as well as in the direction of
! the lofty ideal of the freedom of the
i seas, will lead to ail understanding.
"The undersigned requests t). e am:
bassador to bring '-.he above to the
| knowledge of the American govern|
ment and avails himself of the opporj
tunitv to renew to his excellency the
assurances of his most distinguished
(Signed) ''Von Jagow."
REGARDING THE ANSWER
Washington, July 9.?Arrival tonight
of a press translation of the German
reply to t1 e United Slates submarine
note confirmed impressions current j
in official quarters for several days I
mat uermanv wouiu reiuse 10 give;
assurances asked by the United States '
that the lives of Americans traveling!
t?e high seas on unarmed ships of
any nationality be not endangered.
The press copy arrived 'too late to
be read by many officials and those
who saw it said they could not comment
until ti e official text arrived.
This probably will reach here late tomorrow
or Sunday and President Wilson,
it is understood, will start back
for Washington to communicate with
his cabinet as soon as word is sent
him that it is here.
The apparent restrictions placed by
Germany on the use of American passenger
ships, which it seems are to
be given complete immunity from interference
only if they do not carry
contraband, was regarded in many
quarters as adding another to many
issues which have arisen over submarine
Assumption of liability for ':he loss
of Americans in the Lusitania tragedy
was considered to have been wholly
oifo/-?cx/i hv/lormanv arirl fho phiof nrin
^ 7 MUV/U W J \Jt V/ * v???u vuava j^? ? *"
ciple for wfcich the United States announced
that, it would omit "no word
or act" to see observed was viewed as
having been lightly passed over.
The general feeling that the note
would t e unsatisfactory and bring to a
crisis the friendly relations that have
existed between the United States and
Germany developed more strongly in
official quarters as news of tJ:=e con
tent." of the note spread. For several
days tension has been renewed
but officials have inclined to manifest
their displeasure or apprehension over
the situation, believing that nothing
could be done or said until 'the official
version of the German reply was
What tf':e course of the United
States will be is problematical. Many
of those in official quarters familiar
with Germany's proposals as outlined
by Ambassador Gerard in the last few
days are in favor of an emphatic assertion
by the American government
that it intends to exercise the rights
which it holds under international law.
placing upon Germany the responsibility
for any future violation t!':at may
cause a breach in friendly relations.
iPersons conversant with diplomaticprecedents
in the framing of notes believed
the next step of necessity would
be an advance in 'the position of the
United States, for, having asked for
assurances and failed to receive them,
the field for further negotiations had
been considerably narrowed and now
required some assertion of rights.
FLAMES ON LINER
WORK OF FANATIC?
f : '
Fire on Steamer Minnehaha Under
Control?Suspect Holfs Hand.
-"r "T-t ? O TTTtt, 21 ^ 4-U ~ ?4./VOTVI
i .New iorK, juiy a.? wiiiie tne
: ship Minnehaha, afire at sea with 15,000
tons of war munitions aboard, was
speeding to Halifiax, X. S., tonigjbt,
Atlantic Transport officials and authorities
here were bending every effort
to learn if the blaze could have
been the work of Frank Holt, assailant
of J. P. Morgan, who had given warning
that a steamship would sink in
midocean July 7.
The Minnehaha is due to read's Hal|
ifax tomorrow morning. Capt. Claret's
last message said the fire was under
control. It started yesterday from an
explosion in a forward hold tar away
from the ammunition. Line officials
here believe that Capt. Claret picked
up the wireless sent to all ships and
had caused a search to be made to
ascertain if tibere were any bombs
'The fact that no further word was
received tonight at the offices of the
Atlantic Transport line was taken to
indicate that the ship was making good
Th^ Minnehaha left Ihere July 4 for
I/>ndon. She carried no passengers.
A1.ATxr ?nml\AT?rw? r? AO T* t-rr "tArt
xivr Uicn iiuuii^icu u^axij IUV.
The possible fate of the Minnehaha
overshadowed all other developments
in the case of the man wibo set off the
capital bomb, then shot J. P. Morgan
and finally committed suicide.
The theory tthat Holt had accomplices
because of the large amount of
money he was supposed to have spent
was almost abandoned by !the police
tonight on receipt here of much of tfre
dead man's correspondence. After
I many letters were read it was an|
nounced nothing had been found to
indicated tha: Holt i:ad an accomplice.
JVost of the letters were of a business
I With he letters were newspaper |
j clippings referring ;o murder and in-;
i sanity. This, it was pointed out,
I seemed to clinch the fact that Holt
1 was Erich Muenter, if nothing else did. i
1 . , X.
i L,ate roaay tioii s douv was sent to
Dallas. Texas, for burial.
j An inquest into Holt's death was '
j postponed until tomorrow, owing to j
the absence of Jeremiah O'Ryan,
keeper of the jail, who was detailed to '
*5 Every Day 1
Thousan^s ?f k
SJ de[ieiou? V
eake5 ar|J PGs["~ V
K pej a^esf* un- Kj
g equalled ^uali|"y of ?
1 ^"9 5?1 I
ap|d J^oujandj of
glj eool<5 aj-e gj-a["e|u BJi
jij lop |"h? ?05? wij"^ ijjj
JjJ which i|" i$ Pfe' [ [
[1 paped^s^uipng no JjJ
c" 3aip joaa oj- buk- jh
JiJ ing powJej*. aj>
JiJ pU up in "he irj- "S"
Ja dividual 5<3ei<w!|"rj
| ft? $ui S
$ uP?n if- 8 g
J?J 5|??paj'eJ Ly "he jljjj
"amou$ F^eJ ^ill? JjJ
_ [^as^v"e* ;>
Others may guar* jC
antee their flours, -
=e but RISING SUN |'|
guarantees results. 5
=XAgwniix,j&(*~ m m m m u m - i"i
The School Improvement association
of Pomaria will give a barbecue in
the grove at Pomaria on July 3, for tibe
benefit of the school.
Mrs. Jno. C. Aull, Pres.
I will give a big barbecue at my residence
July 3 at 11 o'clock. Sell meat
i J. M. Counts.
Barbecue at Little Mountain.
A barbecue will be bad at Little
.Mountain on Friday, July 16, for the
benefit of Little Mountain high school.
Live educational topics will be discussed
by able speakers. The cue
will be fine and prices moderate.
I will give a first class Barbecue at
Lo'ngshore July 22. Special invitation
to ladies and children.
7-9-td J- M. Counts.
We will give a first class Barbecut
at the Newberry Filj, near B. M. SuT
* i. 1 A /-IV ? ^ ^ A n 7 1
uer 5, August it. V/Wue uuc emu an
and spend a pleasant day.
B. M. Suber.
7-9-td 0. A. Felker.
I will furnish a first-class barbecue j
at Silverstreet on Friday, July 16. The j
meats will be cooked by that prince of
barbecue makers, Mr. J. Pat Blair.
Speec)': es will be made by 0. P. Barre
and E. H. Aull. Let every one come
and get a jrr.ni dinner.
7-9-td J. M. Nichols.
The Roberts Company, Celebrated
Sewing Machine Experts, have a few
days in 'Newberry, Repairing and Rebuilding
Family and Dressmaking Machines.
'Take advantage of tlMs OPPORTUNITY
by having your machine
thoroughly overhauled and readjusted
by Factory Trained Men, not connected
with any Sewing Machine Company,
Agency or Dealer. Will gladly inspect
and advise you about Machine free of
charge. Hotel Savoy, Phone 21.
Only One "BROMO QUININE"
To set the genuine, call for fall name, LAXATIVE
BROMO QUININE. Xookfor signature of
E. W. GROVE. Cures a Cold in One Day. Stops
cn'isrh headache, and works of." cold
Subscribe to Thf, Heraid and New3.
BRILLIANT ? Ql
THE F. F,, DALLEY CO., LTD., B
1% TV ? /l
by one of
If so, write the unders
fares, folders and all partic
Excursion tickets per
famously attractive and
T. C. V
General Passenger Age
The Standard Railr
ri i Linn
f Y V U11VOUUJ y ?/
Columbia 7:30 a. m
Irmo 7:45 a. m
Ballencine 8:04 a. m
White Rock 8:11 a. m.v.
Hilton 8:15 a. m
IChapin 8:24 a. m
Little Mountain . .8:36 a. m...
Slighs 8:43 a. m...
Prosperity 8.54 a.m...
Newberry 8.13 a. m...
Jalapa 9.30 a. m...
Gary 9:37 a.m.
Goldville 9:54 a. m
Laurens 8.20 a.m...
Ar. Clinton 10:15 a.m...
Special train leaves Gervais I
. m. Wednesday morning, Jul
m.; Birmingham 10:20 p. m.
will be honored returning on al
Atlanta good returning on all r<
, leaving Atlanta 3.00 p. m. Re
[original starting point prior to
1 Qi5. Children under 12 yeas h
I For detailed information call
E. A. TARRER, C. A., J.
C., N. & h. Ry. Phone 1040.
riCK ? LASTING
uffalo, N. Y., Hamilton, pan. ^
ic Expositions !
co and San I
HRECT ROUTES j
signed for low excursion I
:ulars regarding your trip. 1
mit stopovers at many
scenic points and resorts. d
mt, Wilmington, N. C. I r
!oast Line |
oad of the South. 4
?- ?J t
ual Excursion to
fA, GA. u
iboard Air Line
uly 14, 1915
Atlanta Birmingham J
$3-5? $6.00 4?
.... 3.50 6.co
... 3.50 6.oo
... 3-50 6-??
... 3.50 6.00 j
3-5? 6-00 m
... 3.50 6.00 J
... 3.50 6.00 A
.. 3.50 6.00
,.. 3.50 6.00
3-? S^ "* \
3 oo 5.50
.... 300 5-50
... 300 5.50
a 4:00 P. M. I
am 10:20 P. M.
Street Depot, Columbia, 7:30 f
y 14. Arrive Atlanta 4.00 p.
Tickets sold to Birmingham
1 regular trains. Tickets from
igular trains except Train No.
turning passengers must reach
midnight Sunday, July i8,
on any C N. & L. agent er
S. ETCHBERGER, T. P. A., A
S. A. L. Ry. Phone 574
1BIA, S. Cr j f*