Newspaper Page Text
^ Its Oreani;
f to Naval ,
I -N '^SjSH
BY an act approved March 3,191o,
Congress created a law which !
has more farreaching effects on
the efficiency of the navy than
=any legislation enacted within the
memory of any one who may chance
to re .d these Hues. I
I By this is meant the clause In the I
Naval Appropriation Bill creating a j
naval reserve and "making provision
for the qualification of its members.
It has been customary .or the people ^
of our country to measure the strength
of the navy by the number of Dreadnoughts,
destroyers, submarines and
other fighting craft They either take
for granted that the most necessary
part of the navy?'a traineu personnel?
already exists or that it will be forthcoming
from somewhere when the
alana of war is sounded.
Trained Men Necess^r^.
/> r\ rvrrr na in fViA Vl t
it ao ci ur iiu vt ao c*ci in uLt^ lhoh-hj
of this country that there would be no
lack o- patriotic men to respond to a
cail in defense of its institutions, but
without training in di ipline and without
previous experience with and an
intimate and accurate knowledge of (
the mechanical appliances so essential
in the operation of the guns, the torpedoes
and the mines, as well as the
motive machinery of the modern warship,
they would simply be offering
themselves as a sacrifice upon the altar
of the country's b~nor.
For many years the navy has been
graduating into civil life annually from
3,000 to 4,000 well trained and well dis- j
ciplined men?men experienced in ev- j
ery mechanical art made use of in the!
modern man-of-war. This is no doubt;
a valuable contribution that the navy j
inakej to the economic development of j
the country. At the ? ^me time these j
men represent a great potential value!
for the nation's defense if properly re- j
> claimed and organized. They are scat- j
tered throughout the length and breadth
of the land. Many of them are follow- j
ing the same trades they learned in
the navy, and it may. well be said that
there is no mechanical art applicable
to civil pursuits that may not be learn-!
ed on a modern man-of-war.
, A Twofold Purpose.
It was for the purpose of making i
these men an asset in the nation's de-!
fense account that the Navy Depart-I
ment propose^ and Congress passed
the bill creating a naval reserve. The j
operation of the* law is twofold in its i
benefits to the navy and the country, i
Y)cnKnf n r\fin 1 Anfu '
JL>j uu.ei.iiig ouuotauuai HIU.U^CI-UCIILO .
for reclaiming into organizations these1
valuable well trained men who have;
already left the navy to engage in civil
pursuits, as well as those who will do j
so in future, the law automatically op- [
-erates to encourage these same men to j
return to the regular service and those j
who are still in the service to remain
IUV umger penuus.
This is accomplished by basing the
pay of the reserves on a sliding scale j
increasing with length of service in the
In addition, the law places a sub- t
stantial value upon honorable, efficient r
and faithful service, for no one unless s
entitled to honorable discharge upon the j
completion of & period of enlistment f
can partake of its benefit. a
Under the operation of the law a c
m?n with an honorable record has the ?
ontlon of remaining in the reuniiar sprv- _
' ' r
ice or of entering the reserve at stated t
His Only Duty. ^
While In the reserve he is free to en- h
gage in any occupation and live where r
he chooses within the United States.
He only obligates himself to be amenable
to the navy regulations and respond
to a call_f(>r active service in ,
time of war. While active service In **
time of peace is entfttoiy voluntary on &
td^Jnti Hoe Raam A iff
trCl 11U11 1 IUO L/VVU /1UI
Career, Providing F(
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( the part of the members of the reserve, [
tne government encourages tnem to
perform a limited amount by making j
two months of such service a requisite
for re-enlistment for a subsequent four
year period i. the reserve. This requirement
is made in order that the
resorves may keep in touch with the:
duties of the regular service. They '
may sclect any time to perform this!
voluntary service thai will suit their
convenience and while so engaged will
receive the full pay of their rating in
addition to their pay in the reserve as
well as traveling expenses and subsistence
to and from home.
A Reservist's Compensation.
The compensation given members of
the reserve is, for those who go in the
resorve within four months after leaving
the regular serviee-$30 a year fer j
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A SECTION oF the, NAVY AVIATION C
^*6 VERA CRUZ <7 YEAR. AGO
nen who have had four years' experi- e
>nce, $60 a year for those who have p
lad eight and $100 a year for those of ?
welve years' experience. All that is &
lecessary for a member of the re- S]
^rve iu uu iu uiuw tv uumiu mis yaj
s to keep the Bureau of Navigation in* ii
ormed as to his address and to report n
it some designated place in his own
ommunity once every quarter for mus- ai
er and inspection and to sign the pay- tc
oil. For this simple and not incon- if
enient act he will receive $7.50, $15 ft
r $25, as the case may be, according
t> whether his experience in the navy
as been four, eight or twelve years, 0J
Organized by Sections. m
This is the retaining fee the govern- re
aent pays a man of experience in or- re
er that it may count upon having his tl
Brace HI U-iJutr ui wit*. iu
The reserves are organized by sec- to
horized by Congress
>r Graduated Retire
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- OfiE OF THE
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tions in the various communities In
which they live and come under the
cognizance of the recruiting officer of
the district in which the community is
situated. There are some th^-y recruiting
districts throughout the Jnifed
States. The recruiting officers keep the
muster rolls of the members of the re
serve in their respective districts ana j
keep in touch with them.
Orders and other correspondence be j
tween the bureau and members of the j
reserve pass through the recruiting offi- !
By this organization the department
can ou short notice and with a minimum
of correspondence mobilize the
reserves at any place on either coast.
May Transfer to the Reserve.
Another feature of the law which is j
Of great importance in increasing the
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EG. "McDOUGAL" MAKING 30 MILI
AMP ESTABLISHED} T/fe K-7; ONE of UN
i FULLV COMMISSION!
fficiency of the navy is that which t
ermit3 a man to transfer to the re- c
erve after sixteen or twenty years' j j
arvice on one-third and one-half, repectively,
of the total pay he was reviving
at the time. This is a great ^
lducement to retain many desirable e
len in the service. h
The most of our men enter as boys
t an average age of eighteen or nine- y
?en. Sixteen or twenty years later, 0,
1 they so elect they may transfer r<
om active service ro cne reserve. y
a. Fine Annuity. C
At this time, at an age of thirty-four n
r thirty-eUht years, for the service li
ley have already given the govern- t*
lent and for that which they stand r
tady to give in case of war they will c3
>celve from $33 to $50 a month for c<
le rest of their lives, The amount tl
entioned is that which should come ts
a chief petty officer, a rate which d<
and Is Now Progres
m-ent, and Has Pro^
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ru/CI \IF I A. IN^H rj 1N^ OP TWP AIPI70N
; IV LLV L I ^ w W I I W ? ? I I L- / 1 IV I Ej
?: : :< : ] I/>IIY AnmnuA I At IK.
.suKfn:uK:fc.HL;nfiuon i rmitvnn, ur.vr
^ARMORED /WD CflgRYWG TWELVE
f ~. T t " T"1
| any worthy man is able to obtain in
I much less time than sixteen years.
If there is any civil occupation in
this country that will insure to the average
young man after sixteen or twenty
years so great an annuity for life it
does not appear obvious to the casual
For many years Uncle Sam has been
paying more attention to the material
part of the navy than to the personnel.
Lately, however, he has been taking
stock of things and realized that a
trained ana efficient personnel is equally
as important as Dreadnoughts, and,
although it comes high, he has decided
to go down in his pockets and pay
the price. ?
The wisdom shown by Uncle Sam in
arriving at this conclusion will be
made clear when we review with him
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yr~^. >'. ;.. s ]
isHi." '. 2" " I
: :>y;g!l J
ES AN HOUR, ?y^?pRT'S^vA
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CLE SAM'5 37 SUBMARINES NOW
ZD in ACTIVE SERVICE"* n
he situation in regard to the enlisted
iersonnel which has .existed for many n
Not Viciout and Unruly. c
The first thing that impresses us is
tie fact that two-thirds of the entire d
nlisted force Js composed of men serv- u
ig In their first enlistment. p
Less than one-half of these terminate w
heir period of enlistment with an Aon- n
rable discharge, which entitles them to o:
e-enlist in the service. Of those en- *
tied to remain in the service 58 per n
ent avail themselves of the opportu- -w
ity. The remaining 42 per cent go ni
lto civil life. Those who fall by the
rayside are not all by any means
Icious and unruly men. All are spe- m
[ally selected by the recruiting offi- w
;rs, which is obvious from the fact ^
iat only one out of six applicants is aj
iken. The natural question is, Why m
:> so many selected men fail to con
jf\A T m IA D ?k-A
rtu niipwiuo iir livw
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14- INCH C?Uft5 O psr^
tinue through their first four year period
and qualify for re-enlistment? Of
course some are found to be undesirable
characters whom the navy will not
have at any price. A great majority
of the others, however, are really good
men, but the navy has heretofore ofI
fered 111-tlp tndnppmpnt fnr a fntnrp
career, while it demands much in the
way of hardships and separation from
home. In consequence many of these
young men become disheartened and
leave the service by desertion, by discharge,
by purchase or by sentences of
courts martial for offenses against mili^
"" Something to Strive Pop.
Now that the law places a substantial
value upon the honorable discharge
by providing that men who are entitled
to such may at stated intervals
felect to leave active service for the
reserve on practically a pension basis
with a substantial rate of pay graded
according to length of service in the
navy, we may hope to see a great
change in the unfavorable conditions
referred to. There is something to
strive for?a reward for every one who
nroves faithful to his trust We can
look forward to an improvement in di?- |
cipline, a higher standard of morale j
and a resulting increase in efficiency i
due to a greater number of men striving
for and receiving an honorable discharge
and to a greater number of
these re-enlisting for longer periods in
the navy. For every re-enlisted experienced
man in the quota the government
saves the expense of enlisting
and training a recruit, and the navy
gains in efficiency in due proportion.
: The law has been on the statute
books only a few months and can hardly
be said t? be fully understood, yet
the reports of enlistments indicate that
li is onngmg tue expecieu results. ,
Ordinarily recruits on first enlistment !
outnumber the re-enlistments of ex- 1
perienced men in the proportion of ,
two to one. Since the passage of the
law, however, the reports show that i
the percentage of re-enlistments and ex- j
tended enlistments to first enlistments '
was for the month of March G1 per )
:ent, for the month of April 79 per cent 1
and for the month of May 82 per j
Navy regulations, governing the na- l
ral reserve, have just been approved <
jy Secretary Daniels. Being based <
jpon the law creating the reserve, the *
following extracts will convey in a general
way its scope and purpose and the r
benefits it wa? designed to effect alike ?
?or the greater efficiency of the navy [
md the patriotic men who volunteer j s
The naval reserve shall consist of 7citl- [
:ens of the United States who hav> oeen j
>r may be entitled to be honorably! dis- ?
:harged from the navy after not? less t
han one four year term of enlistment or t
.fter a term of enlistment during njnorty.
Men enlisted In the naval reserve are ^
iot required to perform active service in
ime of peace except at their own reuest.
Enlistments In the naval reserve will be
lade in the rating in which last honor- u
bly discharged from the navy and for a a
eriod of four years, unless sooner dis- CJ
harged by competent authority.
No man will be first enlisted in tne na- P
al reserve after eight years ^om the e
ate of last discharge from the-navy, nor H
nless he be found to be phygfcally fit to Q
erform all the duties of tfie rating in
rhich last discharged. j s<
in t-hA naval win rt
lade In two classes: Class one consists f(
C those men who enlist ,4n the naval resrve
within four montfis from date of
ieir last honorable discharge from the
avy. Class two consists of those men vi
ho enlist in the naval ,'reserve after four f
lonths and within eigl^t yeans froi!%ftlate .
f their last honorable discharge from the
G.i and after March 1917, any enlisted tr
lun of the navy, upon voluntary appli- C(
itlon at the expiration of an enlistment
: extended enlistment for which he is
ititled to an honorable discharge and CI
!ter completing service In the navy or qi
arlne corps o? sixteen or twenty or more
jars, may be transferred to the naval
ve Feature m_
nlistments jj j
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in ? ? ntwrnnmu njt.i ?^n?wr^wr?w^p? ? ?
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reserve Dy oraer or me secretary 01 uxe
navy. Hen so transferred Kill, however,
be treated by the department, particular
ly in respect to the permanency of their
status in the naval reserve as enlisted mutton
the retired list of the navy, except they
may be called on for active duty In time
of peace as hereinafter providedMembers
of the naval reserve of Claa.s
one who have served less than eight
years Tn the navy will be paid at th<^
rate of $30 per annum, and those who
have served eight years or more and les^
than twelve years in the navy will be
paid at the rate of $80 per annum, an^
thos? who have served twelve years oi".
more in the navy $100 per annum.
-All members of the naval reserve of
Class two will be paid at th6*5-ate of
per annum. ? Members
of the naval reserve who have
when transferred to the navaF reserve,
completed service in the navy of sixteen
or twenty or more years will be paid at
the rate of one-third and one^half, respectively,
of the sum of th6 base paj~
Snd p?rman?n^ ^flditjojis thereto, whici)
the/""were refceivinjf at the* close of their
last S&rvice in the navy. ~Wmi tr
for computing pay in the naval reserve all
prewoilt sarice in navy or marine corp*
counts, tohetfic?'continuous or not. Men note
in civil life who have had previous service in
navy or marine corps can enlist in navy and
have all benefits of prior service counted in *
computing pay in reserve.
When actively employed with the navy /
members of the naval reserve are entitled
to the rate of pay they were receiving
when last honorably discharged from the
navy, (base pay plus permanent additions
thereto), and, in addition, their regular
pay in the naval reserve.
Members of naval reserve when active
Iy employed with the navy receive subsistence
and travel allowances to an<l
Members of the naval reserve of Class
ont who re-enlist in the navy within fou.
months from the date of their discharge
from the nawl reserve are not entitled
to a gratuity of four months' pay, but
their re-enl'ijiment in the navy shall be >
held and considered to have been madewithin
four months from the date of discharge
from the navy for the purpose ot
continuous service pay.
Members of the naval reserve who have
been transferred to the naval reserve ma/
be discharged for the purpose of re-enlisting
in the navy. When so re-enlisted
in the navy within four months of the
date of discharge from the naval reserve
Hoit ora nnf onHtlfvl tn ?L BTatllitV of
four months' pay, but their re-enlistmeni
in the navy shall be held and considered
to have been made within four month?
from the date of discharge from the navy
for the purpose of continuous service pay
In order to be eligible for re-enlistment
in the naval reserve a man must have
:iad not less than two months' active
service on board a vessel of the navy during
the period covered by his last enlistment
in the naval reserve.
Men transferred to the naval reserve
aill be required to perform two months
ictive service for each four year period
>f service in the naval reserve subseluent
to the first four year period unless
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>ucn service oe wtiiveu uy ui? uuicau u?
In time of war members of the naval
eeerve may be required to perform active
:ervice with the navy throughout the war.
lot to exceed the term of enlistment in
he case of those enlisted in the naval re;erve.
In the case of men re-enlisting in the
lavy after service in the naval reserve
he period of time they were actively emiloved
with the navy while enlisted in the
laval reserve will, for the purpose of reirement,
be counted as active service in
A naval reserve button, which may be
rorn with civilian dress, will be issued
o all members of the naval reserve.
Large Body of Trained Men.
rt may therefore be safely pre<licted
hat the act creating a naval reserve
rd making provision for-the qualifl
ailOn OI IIS xxiemuera wui up?iaus w
rovide a large body of trained and
xperienced ex-service men now in civil
fe, organized and ready upon short
otice to man our fighting ships in re
?rve and at ?"he same time to increase
ie efficiency of the regular enlisted
>rce by inducing more experienced
ten to remain in the navy.
The naval reserve feature of a naal
career is, therefore, of great invest
not only to men already enlisted.
at to prospective recruit* ~s well, it
, however, only one of the many atactive
features of the service, conjrning
which the Bureau of Navtgaon,
Washington, and aur naval reruiting
station will furniS upon re^
aest such additional information aa
lay be desired.