Newspaper Page Text
~ > PERSONAL LIBERTY
Mr. J. F. *1. Caldwell Discusses Oreat
Question to Be Decided at
Election September 14.
To t! e Editor of The State:
I am fully aware of the risk any
one runs who \entures to oppose the
prohibition movement which' is to
take practical shape in the election
sec for September 14. He may expect
misconstruction, unfriendliness and
/v 4 w* r\/s a f r\ r> r* C Q.1 ^ r< V* YY1 A_
cue ijxiputaLiujLi ui a. ?I\JC>O, OCIUSU xxivtive;
and he should not be surprised
if he be charged with being a depraved
sot, or the hired agent of the
makers and sellers of liquor. But I
presume that "the other side" will
be allowed to say something in The
Thac movement, formerly carried
on by rational argument and appeal
to humane sentiment, has reached the
point of intolerance of all wfco oppose
it. 1 do not say t):at all probity
bitionists mean to be unfair; but a
large portion of them, as little as they j
suspecc it, are infested with the same j
spirit of domination and compulsion!
which has led to all religious and,
political persecutions. Of course the .
^ kind of discipline in this case is very [
different from that employed in the
instances to whicij I have referred, I
and this discipline is much milder in
degree; but in eacn case there is the
same insufferable spirit of meddling
in men's private lives, and endeavor-!
ing to compel them ?:o lead the lifej
that happens to suit the sect or party
undertaking to regulate affairs.
I do not mean to decry the agitation
of tfce cause of temperance. It;
1 -* --A ~ J J 4- '
u<ts eutjcteu grea't gwu mi uuguuui ;
the United States and in ^Canada; by|
in large measure closing the saloon,!
the hotbed of drunkenness, immorality
and crime; by leading thousands
of men to moderation, and many of
them to tootal abstinence from alco-}
holic drink in their own persons; by j
causing individuals and corporations!
to refuse employment ?to excessive j
r ^-rrntArc nn4 tfrv forbid pmnlov**; to i
drink alcoholics at all wi:ile at work;
and above all, by inducing a general
sentiment of opposition to and condemnation
of intemperance. But what j
was a campaign of defense against
an evil has grown to be a war of invasion
and conquest, disregardful of
men's individual right to regulate their
own lives and ready co sacrifice the
comfort of a hundred men for the
bare chance to benefit one; and It has
become, in principle, as far removed
from temperance as religious persecur'livicHoni+Ti
I?5 11 VUl vui w*JU.W- i
the movement I as received considerable
accessions in the way of numbers,
a good many persons, yielding to toe
propensity to "follow the crowd,"
have joined in a clamor as irrational
as it is hone's':. This propensity largely j
controls all gregarious animals, from
a flock of sheep or a berd-of cattle to
communities of men. Of course there
are others wt o join "the crowd" with
the purpose of getting some profit for
themselves, but I am glad to. say that
I think that but a small perc-enr z?e c!
the prohibitionists are of that inferior
stripe. This swaying of the indiviiua
by "ti e crowd" is not by intellectual j
How Mrs. Hurley Was Res
stored to Health by Lydia
E. Pinkham's Vegetable
Eldon, Mo. ? "I was troubled with
displacement, inflammation and female
weakness. For two
years * could not
stand on my feet
WpH! long at a time and I
Wjtm could not walk two
lipE Jfijlj blocks without en
^^WSP I drawing pains down j
my right side which;
ffjf increased every
M M month. I have been
ja /*rf<r:% at that time purple
? in the face and would
^ walk the floor. I could not lie down or
sit still sometimes for a day and a night
at a time. I was nervous, and had very
little appetite, no ambition, melancholy,
and often felt as though I had not a
friend in the world. After I had tried
most every female remedy without success,
my mother-in-law advised me to
take Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable
Compound. I did so and gained in
??- STTengin every uay. 1 nave now nu vruul
ble in any way and highly praise your
B medicine. It advertises itself."?Mrs.
S.. T. Hurley, Eldon, Missouri.
I Remember, the remedy which did
I this was Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable
W Compound. For sale everywhere
I It has helped thousands of women
I who have been troubled with displacements,
inflammation, ulceration, tumors,
irregularities, periodic pains, backache,
that bearing down feeling, indigestion,
and nervous prostration, after all other
means have failed. Why don't you try
it? Lydia EL Pinkham Medicine Co,
conviction, but by a psychic influence
similar to that operating in nypno ism.
It is not ill described by the Swedenborg
in his notion of "spheres" of influence
emanating from ar.gels. and
; acting, he says, over considerable distances.
And, speaking of angels, this
persistent (not to say pertinacious)
agitation of prohibition has been kept
ho: and aggressive mostly by women,
and we all know what a mesmeric,
jiypnotic, captivating power they
wield, not by argument, but by the attractiveness
of their own personality.
A state of spiritual excitement
sometimes becomes actually epidemic.
Ic is related that, in England years
ago, during a religious revival in a
rural section, persons attending the
service often fell down in epileptic
'fits; and that more than once a man
j who had never attended a single
meeting was seized wim simi.ar convulsions
while at work or tra.eling
'on the highway. A communitiy has
1 sometimes been obsessed with the sui|
cidal mania. In 1793 in Versailles,
France, in a population of about 30,000,
1.300 persons killed themselves.
And when anything becomes a custom
most men are hardly open to
reason concerning it. It appears very
strange now; but in old d2ys, "before
me war, in ivewoerry couniy un<?n
district) when a candidate for a seat
in the State legislature, wi;o was well
known to i:he people as capable and of
high character, was defeated, it was
admitted, because he refused to follow
what was called the time-honored
custom of treating to liauor.
To return to the ladies?they r.ave
been the chief active power (some
would say, !the insiration) of the
total prohibition agitation and have
largely impressed the movement with
tVnair f>Viflro/>torvctiVc Vn'ar wifh all
ti eir talents and virtues?which no
one appreciates and honors more than
I?"women are decidedly deficient in
the sense of justice. Men generally
lack ii:; and women have it less than
men, as even John Stuart )Mil?s, one
of the earliest and certainly the ablest,
of the advocates of woman's rights,
felt forced to admit. To them?being
highly entJ "usiastic and emotional
and given to what we lawyers call
"cutting across Iocs"?the end in view
is so engrossing that they usuaMy give
- 1 At ?
mue neea 10 me means, eAucpi <ts
promote the end and consequently do
not accord the rights of the individual
man the consideration to whicn those
rights are entitled. 'They themselves
are "cabinned, cribbed, confined" by
all sorts of rules of dress, etiquette,
speech, etc., and very subject to the
society about them; and so, partly by
nature, and chiefly from habit of life,
hey can not see why society should
- % ^ * ? 1 ~ r ^ n
DOl nave complete conuruj cm. an xucjli s?
lives, especially in behalf of wl.at
they think a good thing. 'And the clergy,
the next most zealous workers for
prohibition, are generally swayed by
the same sentiment; for their lives,
like those of women, are largely under
the ru'e of ordinances, precedents
and customs. The lives of both of
ii ese classes of good people being
very much?I might say, chiefiy?exerted
in selfrepression, they naturally
apply themselves industriously to the
effort of make men negatively good.
It is one of the saddest of the anomalities
of humanit that the two
classes of people who are most zealous
for man's welfare are the two which,
in every free country, strive Hardest
to deprive him of the precious boon
of individual liberty.
I read not long ago an account of
what seemed to me a very funny man
ifestation of this spirit to make men
goody-goody. It appears that, somewhere
in New England, a prize of a
gold watch?and chain, too, I think?
was awarded a young man of 18 or
20 years of age, because he had never
taken a drink of liquor, never sworn
an oath, never smoked or chewed tobacco
and never kissed a woman.
Never kissed a woman! Poor lamb!
I wonder if he iias not Deen smomereo
before this in the scramble of women
to press his virgin lips.
The opposition to the extreme measure
to be voted upon in September
does not call for any pyrotechnics or
excitement. It rests for fts justification
on two very simple propositions.
One of these is, that man was not
made for society (or "the public," or
government) but that society and government
were made for men; and the
other is, that society has no right to
interfere with or to control a man's
acnon except iur ils own jjivrc^viAvjj.
Organized government is necessary for
the preservation of order and the defence
of the citizen from injury; and
therefore a citizen should he compelled
to pay taxes for the supporn of
the government, to serve on juries, to
perform military service, etc. And
government may and should restrain
a man from acts injurious to oti'ners.
But the moral propriety or impropriety
of an act or course of life is, in
plain English, none of society's or government's
business; all matters of that
sort are between man and his maker.
And any government wftich usurps the
function of moral control is a tyranny
a&d a curse. As the law sow stands,
in 29 of the 44 counties of the State, i
a maL can get his whiskey or wine |
or beer only by ordering it from out- i
side the State and can ge: oniv one
gallon per montJ. and must keep it at ]
his home or lodging room. How his]
consumption of alcoholic beverages in j
these circumstances can disturb the j
peace or happiness of society. I can j
not conceive. Indeed, the case is too
plain for discussion.
By the terms of the act of the legis- j
jlature, the ballots cast at the elec.ion j
: in September are to be worded, eiti er
"For the manufacture and sa'e of alcoholic
liquors and beverages in Soutn
1 Carolina." or "Against the manufacture
and sale of alcoholic liquors and
beverages in South Carolina." If the
1 first named ticket wins the liquor laws
of the State will be left as they now
are; if the second named ticket wins
all men in the State, except dispensary
I boards, will ti enceforth be deprived ot
I the privilege of having liquors, wines
or beer sent t'nem from any place with"
in or outside the State, and all dispenj
saries will be wound up and closed on
j or before December 31. next. The form
| of ballot looks very much like a diag'
net designed to entraD all who are
! opposed to either the dispensary or
ihe manufacture of alcoholic liquors
in the State into voting themselves
out of the right to order such things!
from any place in the world. It is not j
fair; because, if a man wants to seI
cure his righc to order from outside
i the State, he must vote for the dis'
pensary system and for the manufac:
ture of liquors, etc.,_ in the State,
| neitJ er of which things he may desire
or approve of. And if he wishes to
j vote against the dispensary system or
i against >:he manufacture of liquor in
1 the State, he must vote away his own
ion/? olco'c rifrht nri/i nftwpr
I uuu V.V^UV-J ~ -o~? r
to order from outside the State.
I intend to vote "for the manufacture
and sale, etc.," although opposed
to both i.i e dispensary system and the
I manufacture of liquor in the State, bei
cause I do not intend to help to deprive
the people of South 'Carolina of
the right to have alcoholic beverages
sent to them from other States or
countries. The principle of personal
j liberty, to my mind, is infinitely more
j important than tJ e question of the
i sale or manufacture of alcoholic beverages.
The fault will not be mine if
bv mv vrttp T assist the salp or ma.ni]
! facture, but the fault of the legislature
i who force upon us 'the alternative of
either favoring those two things cr
else abandoning our rights. To be
entirely frank, however, I may add |
tl at I am willing to leave the matter
of dispensaries to the people of each
! county; they are better judges than
11 of what is good for them.
1 In concluscion, I would say (that it!
' is the duty of every man holding the j
j opinions here written to register and!
to vote the ticket of his choice. If any!
one is too lazy or too timid or too |
politic to do so, he will have only j
j himself to blame if his preference does j
: not nrevaih He should not leave It to !
; others to take care of him.
Newberry. J. F. J. Caldwell.
GERMANS STRIKING FROM NORTH |
Hindenburgr*s Troops Star New Attack
on Warsaw, Capturing'
London, July 15.?Abandoning for
the time; their attempt to outflank
Warsaw from the south, tfte Germans,
probably under Field Marshal von
Hindenburg, who is reported to have
said a few days ago that he shortly
would astonish the world, foave re1
newed their attack on the Polish capl!
tal from the north.
They not only have captured many
prisoners south of Kolno, according
to Berlin, but bave occupied Przasi
nysz, a fortified town 50 miles north
of Warsaw, which was taken by von
Hindenburg last winter, but retaken
by the Russians in their counteroffensive.
This claim is partly confirmed by
yesterday's Russian official report,
which stated that tfce Russians in
the face of strong German forces
withdrew rto their second line of entrenchments.
A Complete Surprise.
This move on the part of tfre Germans
has taken the military critics
! completely by surprise. It was gen|
erally supposed that Gen. von Mackj
enzen, after being strengthened, would
continue his attempt to reacn tne
Lublin-O-olm railway, forcing the
evacuation of Warsaw.
But, as in all their operations, the
Germans have done the unexpected.
The new offensive probably will be
general and extend from the Baltic
around the East Prussian border to
the "Vistula, west of Warsaw, for all
Russian troops in this section must
be kept busy to prevent tfhem from
concentrating at the point where the
Germans hope to break through.
This is the second time Field Marshal
von Hinaenburg ibas tried this.
His last effort very nearly involved
the Germans in disaster, owing ito
the muddy ground.
NoW, however, there are only bad
roads or lack of roads to contend
with, but it is possible that t:;e Germans
have built railways :c t> eir
Northern front, as they have done in
Battle in Argonne.
In France the'Airgonne is the scene j
ol the hardest fighting, but official
accounts of t' e operations here are
Confirmation was received tonight |
from Gen. Sir Ian Hamilton of the j
success which the allies were report-'
ei to ha.e achieved on i:he GalMpoli
peninsula. According to this report,
two lines of Turkisr. trenches and 400
prisoners were captured. The Turks,
however, claim to have repulsed the
Dwi + i/sl* Ar- A v r T?C O o
uiiuaij liiimarv aumunucs caj.h:oo
satisfaction with the slow progress
against ti.e Turks, relying on breaking
ii eir morale and on the exhaustion
of their ammunition supply. Germany's
eagerness to have Roumania
a Tow the passage of ammunition
through that country to Turkey is
taken to mean that the supply is running
WON'T CHANGE POSITION
ON SHIPMENT OF ARMS
Washington, July 15.?The United
States probably will send within another
fortnight a reply to the AustroHungarian
note contending that extensive
shipments of war supplies
from this country to iie allies are
"not in consonance with the definition
[Unofficially word came today that
Turkey would follow Germany and
Austria in making representations and
should a note from Turkey arrive,
officials would delay sending tfcelr answer
so as to inform the Germanic
allies simultaneously of the unalterable
view of the United States on arms
Germany repeatedly has laid emphasis
on the trade in arms between
the United States and the allies. In
a note replying to representations
from the 'American government on tine ^
newly proclaimed war zone, the legal
right of the citizens of the United
States to trade in arms was conceded,
but it was argued that it was equally
the right of neutrals "to stop trade
in contraband, especially the trade in
arms with Germany's enemies," because
of 'violations of otf:er neutral
rights by Great Britain.
A memorandum from Count Bernstorff,
the German ambassador, dated
April 4 was devoted entirely to the
discussion of the alleged toleration
by the United States of infractions
of international law by Great Britain
and pointed out that it was necessary
in connection with shipments of arms
to take into consideration "not only
the formal aspect of the case but also
tl;.e spirit in winch the neutrality is ;
The Austrian note, extracts of <
which have appeared in dispatches
from Amsterdam, points out that the 1
American government would be "en- ,
titled to prohibit the export of war ,
materials" if the trade in contraband
"takes tfte form of dimensions where- i
by the neutrality of the country will ,
'Details of the American answer .
have not been divulged, but it is be- ,
lieved not only that the United States ,
will cite its right under international .
law but will recall precedents in pre- '
vious wars in which Germany and .
Austria have been interested wi'aere ,
importations of arms were carried on .
in extensive proportions.
The state department has not made ,
public the text of the Austrian noce ,
and will not do so, until the reply is ,,
DANIELS CONJFERS WITH EDISON 1
Secretary and the Wizard Have Long
Talk? Board Still Secret, !
iWest Orange, N. J., July 15.?Secretary
Daniels and (Thomas A. Edison
talked for nearly three hours over the
proposed navy bureau of invention
and its civilian advisory board, which
(Mr. Edison is to head, at the Edison
home fa ere tonight. Secretary Dan- *
iels said he would not announce the 1
names of the members of the advisory ]
board until he returned to Washington.
"My intention is to have all mem- =
bers of the board so well known, float
no one will ask, 'Who is he?'" Sec- 1
retary Daniels said: "I want to get :
great men who have devoted their
lives to science and to use their genius
and skill for the benefit of the i
country. My reason for coming here
to confer witfi Mr. Edison is to get :
his suggestions for developing the <
scope of the work.
"After we get the board and begin
to get results we shall be in a state
of defense such as no other country i
ever Las known.
"My purpose is to have this hoard
develop tfae submarine and aeroplane.
If 25 years ago we had begun to encourage
inventors and indentions we
today "would be controlling the snDmarine
and aeroplane. The next war
^ JTheCh e?
Wk Chewing (
5c. the packet or two
cent at all the better sta:
& W A Vf 1
the heart is the g
better with ev<
"Bobs" is One
will be fought by machinery and men TH(
Secretary Daniels returned to Washington
at midnight. Hor
Mr. Daniels explained that he came thousa
here merely ito get Mr. Edison's views
th a ,<rv
abouc the personnel of the civilian e ?
board. He said he would consult K^an<
with the navy engineering board be- tl0n 11
fore making public names of addi- '
"We intend to establish a national A fi:
laboratory, where experiments may raging
be made with a view to perfecting in- in Car
ventions," Mr. Daniels said. T^e
The secretary referred to the fact the w;
ti' at when he became secretary of trie li
navy he found 'that Simon Lake of
Brideeoort. Conn., one of the two in
~ ~ ' llig Lilt
ventors of submarines in the United gUnb0i
States, was behind in his payments rescue
and was in danger of not being able
T /) cf
to fulfill government contracts for
, . " commi
"I went to Lake's bankers," continued
the secretary, "and got them ito
give him further accommodations so
U at he could go on with the work.
If I had let Lake go under, we would
have only one submarine builder to ijii
rely on for the future." j Ji1
.Mr. JLfameis saia uiai one uujeca ui u
the naval board will be to go to con- i
?ress and get. additional money for ii
naval work. He added that the pro- i'b
posed board was meeting with approval
throughout tlae country, that JiJ
be had received scores of letters from ,I1
senators and representatives in dors- I
ing the proposal. j
"They say," Mr. Daniels continued, B>B
"that we have millions in men and i'i
millions in money, but we need some:hing
more than tfeat. We need ma- I
3hinery and'skill. What we want to gB|
3o, is to bring about a mobilization iji
[>f the brains of the nation. . "ij
"I oeiieve in preparedness, dui a
also in scientific preparedness. u i
TOMATO BLOSSOM-E>D BOT SI1!
Fnngns Disease Widespread Oyer "i*
State This Season. | J1 J
Clemsor. College, July 19.?Inquiries ?|J
coming into Clemson college indicate
that ithe blosson-end rot of tomatoes
is unusually prevalent in South Carolina
this year and is doing much dam- JiJ
ige. This disease is caused by a fun- 1I1
trus. It attacks the blossom-end of
tibe fruit ^.vlile the fruit is green and . V1
causes it to rot and drop off before it! |i|
is mature. ! aja
Ac sr;>n as tlie <? ^ase is obS3t'?ci\ _
pull ofT nil iff<"?(] f-uit and -or g9i
it. After this spray thoroughly with |i
Bordeaux mixture. Bordeaux mixture BiJ
is made "with one pound of blue stone, 1,|
one pound of quick lime and 12 gal- i
ions or "water, Liompieie uucjuuub
for mixing will be found in Circular
25, S. C. expreiment station, to be ^
had by writing to Clemson college.
If fruit is ripening, gather all ripe
fruit before spraying. It is neces- WM
sary to repeat the spray every week jEjf
or as long as there is any sign of
tfne disease. This spray will be found gfi
effective 5n Reducing the damage |5?
done by the rot fatf
v "^gr *..iHU f i WlimJMl' i
SE3M*r ' yjKsflj? -sfiHPtR
"Bobs" for a
nds and stores.
ie heart of
um. It gets
USAIiDS LOST Df FLOODS
lg J\.ong, JUiy 10.? icus \jl
mds of natives, it is estimated,
been drowned by the floods in
hinese provinces of Kwantung,
?si and Kiangsi and the desola1
the devastea districts is terriccording
to the latest reports
re swept area of one mile and
floods handicapped rescue work
was in darkness lasit night, \
iter having inundated the elecght
sionaries have arrived here seek5
assistance of the United States
it Callao to aid in the work of
reports from Canton before
jnication was cult said the
ian hospital was in danger from
F!r He\ 1
Laking j"ha[" 15 ijl
a jimple pleajuj-? [
in pp?papaJ"ion JiJ
ai-jJ a palaj'alle J|5
enjoymen|" irj ?a|"- jS|J
inq, uj? J"ha[" aooA iji
TH's s-f ||j
J ~ IW I 1 , 1 IS
mq no Leaking ;j;
J"'5 made Ly 'he j!j
"amouj I^ed ^ III, JiJ
/*) Nachv/il e- !>!
Other may ewe** SJ
iantee their noun,
2&25<r ^ ^ RISING SUN ? IJ
aBZggS guarantee* r$**IU' f i