Newspaper Page Text
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voiniE Lin, scmber ;o. jtewbebby, s. c. friday, october i, i#u. . twice a week, ?lm a ieaa
HAS MADE FINE
*N INCENTIVE TO DO GREATER
THINGS FOR THE FUTURE.
People of Community Have the School
Spirit?School Now Under Efficient
Special to The Herald and Xews.
Pomaria, Sept. 23.?School opened
last week at the Pomaria graded school
with Prof. Benj. M. Setzler principal,
Prof. Ben M. Setzler,
Principal of the school, a graduate of
Newberry college, a native of the community
of Pomaria and a citizen who j
is interested in the development of
his home place in all things, in addition
to his pride in the success of the
school, has a local and personal in- j
terest in th? building up of the educa- I
tional interests of the community, and
will bend his energies to the making
of the Pomaria rural graded schooi
second to none in the State. He has
the energy, the ability and the tact to
assisted by Miss Louise Richarcson.
A large enrollment came in, not only
from this district, but from almost
every adjoining district, and it is still
steadily growing every day. Some o"f
the pupils were unable to start now
on account of malaria and^other various
reasons, but altogether this is the
brightest opening our school (which
is just beginning its third year's work)
has ever had, and we are expecting
big things of Prof. Setzler, who has j
been out of this work for a few years,
but is no ways rusty, and his assistand,
who is a graduate of Chicora college.
with some experience %s a teacher.
Much success to' the Pomaria
The present building at Pomaria was,
erected in the early part of the year
1913, during the term of office of Mr.
E. H. Aull as county superintendent of
education. It was the first of the six
districts in the county to vote a four
mill tax and establish a rural graded
school and the first of the rural dis
tricts to issue bonds and erect a handsome
brick school building. Prof. W.
K. Tate came to Pomaria with Mr
Aull in the fall of 1912 to talk to the
people of the needs of the school. After
the meeting several of the patrons
spoke of the necessity of a new building
and it was soon decided to order
an election on the question of issuing
bonds to the amount of $3,500 for the
purpose of erecting a building. Thfi
"bonds were voted with practical una
nimity. The ground upon which the
old building stood was given in trust
for a school and there was some question
raised as to the title. It was
against the policy of the administration
to spend money on improvements
where there not a fee simple title
to the land. On account of this nothing
was done toward building for some
Tnonths after the bonds had been voted.
Finally the Setzler brothers agreed
to sell two acres for school purposes
at a reasonable price and the land
where the school is now located was
purchased and work on the building
commenced. The building is so planned
That four additional rooms may be
added a? the need" c' the e?>.col mny
. ?? I
require. The location of the building
| is ideal.
The other districts that voted a four
| mill tax following the lead of Pomaria
j during the spring of 1913 were SilverI
street. Jalapa, Trinity, Jolly Street
The following sketch of tne old Mt.
i.Viss Louise Hiehardson
Assistant teacher in the Pomaria rural
anfl whrv has had px
perience as a teacher and has been
successful in other fields, will co-operate
heartily with the principal in
making the Pomaria rural- graded
school second to none in the State.
Bethel academy, of which the present
Pomaria graded school is the lineal
descendant, may be read with interest
at this time. It is taken from
the Annals of Newberry and brings
the history down to 1892:
The situation and surroundings of
this academy, near Pomaria. are quite
romantic. It is within half a mile of
the town, just in the borders of a beautiful
grove and near a spring of clear,
cool water, which gushes out from
among the rocks at the foot of a hill.
T/i-n* oAodomioc nr ViicVi CpVl AOl Q in
r av/au^uiAvc v* uigu ...
the county can make a better showing
than this. .'The citizens of the neighborhood.
soon after the war, seeing
and feeling the great importance of
education, united with the Masonic
order, the Grange and the Knights of
Jericho and built a school house sixty
by twenty-six feet with a second upper
story, the latter for the use of the
orders mentioned. The lower story
was the -school room and had black'
- - ?5 - ? ?- ? ? ?v a w/\ ir? ni ^ a
ooaras surroumuus me cumc
of the building. The several school
commissioners, in their rounds looking
after the interests of the 'schools,
have pronounced this house superior
to any in the country parts of the
According to the best recollection
of the writer, the schools at Bethei
have been taught, in the order named,
by the following experienced and educated
teachers: Miss E. A. Souter,
Lexington; C-apt. John F. Banks, Newberry;
Prof. D. Benjamin Busby, now
of Edgefield; J. M. Alewine, lately deceased,
Texas; J. B. O'Neall Holloway,
~ ^ "* * O -\K 1 "> "TIT,,; +
now oi ur.angeourg; jivirs.o.:vi.xj. ** ngm,,
deceased; Miss Mattie Steck, now Mrs.
Jaynes of Walhalla; Miss Hennis
Boozer, now wife of Dr. W. D. Senn
of Newberry county; Rev. W. K. Sligh,
now professor in Xewberry college;
Miss Alma Kibler, now Mrs. R. F.
Bryant of Orangeburg; Prof Burr H.
Johnstone, now teaching at Allendale;
W. B. Boinest of Pomaria; iVLiss Lula
Teague, now of Johnston; Miss Ella
Bell Shirey, now one of the leading
teachers of IMount Amoena Female
?eminary, Mt. Pleasant, X. C.
The following graduates from Newberry
college may he mentioned as
having been prepared here to enter
that institution: L. E. Busby, '75,
minister, Leesville; J. B. O'Xeall Holloway,
'75, farmer, Orangeburg; J. B.
Boinest, '77, decea&ed; J. Eusebius
Berley. '79, minister, deceased; John
F. Hobbs, '79, Australia; C. W. "Welch,
'79. professor at .Clemson college; iW.
*?V Parley. '?2. t'arme*. Pomaria; E. 0.
Dci:nl~, 'S3, prineira1 Prosperity High
rcho-ol: Sidney T. Riser. 'minister,
died at Staunton, VaHenry P. Counts.
'So. minister, Haralson, Ga.; E. 0.
Hentz, '85, physician. Walton; Monroe
J. Epting, '86. minister, St. Luke's
The following named, prepared at!
this institution, are now (1892) in the
sophomore class of Newberry college:
Richard H. Hipp, Henry C. Holloway.
Roberk H. Welch.
ft ic rlna Prnf D R Rnshv tn sav
that he taught this school several
years, and that he prepared for college
all the graduates mentioned to
including also some who were
not graduates of Xewberry: W. C.
Dreher, once professor in Roanoke
college and recently engaged in literary
work in New York; Paul D. Hyler,
who went to "VVofford, afterwards
studied law and died soon after entering
upon the practice of his profession:
L. B. Folk, who entered the
junior class fti South Carolina college,
but left college, read medicine and is
now a practicing physician in Colum- i
bia. To Prof. Busbv is due also the
credit for the greater part of the
school work done here, and I feel
sure that a grateful people will remember
him always kindly for the part
he took in moulding the minds of their
children, not only through the books
used and taught, but al?o for his influence
in helping them to a high plane
of character and sense of honor.
Of the teachers of the school enu
merated above in the Annals, the following
have died since the book was
published! Miss E. A. Souter, Capt.
John F. Banks. Prof. Busby now lives
in Saluda county. Prof. Hollowav is
now principal of the high school at
Newberry. Prof. Sligh is now in Jacksonville,
Fla., and engaged in real estate
business and also editing a newspaper.
Prof. Johnstone is now a
member of the faculty of Clemson col
lege. We do not know whether Miss
Teague has married or not, and neither
do we know whether Miss Shirley is
We have not a list of the other
teachers, but the last two before
-he building of the rural graded school
were Miss Lucy Ligon, now Mrs. J. K.
Linn and a missionary to Japan, and
Miss Lottye Lee Halfacre, at present
the teacher at the Jolly Street school.
Of the graduates of Newberry college
mentioned in the Annals, Rev.
Busby is now dead. Col. Hobbs is a
nnhli?her and editor in New York city.
C. wY. Welch is in Houston, Texas, and
conducts a fine private school in which
young men are prepared for college.
Rev. H. P. Counts is dead. Rev. M. J.
Epting is pastor of a flourishing Lutheran
congregation in Savannah, Ga.
There have been practically no
changes in the work of the others, except
that Mr. E. 0. Counts is at present
a farmer at Prosperity.
The young men named as bein? in
college are now in the active duties
of life. ;Mr. R. H. Hipp is a prosperous
and progressive 'merchant of our
own town. Mr. Henry C. Holloway is
a successrui lawyer at :\ewoerry ana
the efficient attorney for the county.
Mr. Robert H. Welch is a prominent
and successful lawyer at the Columbia
bar. Mr. William C. Dreher is s
still engaged in literary and newspaper
^vork, but now in Berlin, Germany.
There have been quite a number of
boys and girls who have gone out
from this school in recent years to the
various colleges of the State and who
are holding up the reputation of the
old Mt. Bethel as a fine preparatory
It is hoped that the school will grow
so rapidly that it will be necessary in
the near future to complete the building
as planned, so as to require the
use of the four additional rooms. Under
the management of Prof. Ben M.
Setzler this hope is not a mere day
dream, but is possible of realization.
The school spirit pervades to a large
extent the citizenship of the entire
community and it is expected that some
Ol me d/UJ U1JL1 Hi g ^VlUJUl Uidiiiuts mav
soon see the advisability and the advantage
of annexing to the Pomaria
district. At least a portion of some of
these adjacent districts -would find it
to their advantage to unite with Pomaria.
It would make a stronger district
financially and in enrollment. But
these things will come in time as the
people begin to realize the advantage
Joint Council Meetiner.
Thp inint council of the Mt Tabor
pastorate is to meet at Mt. Pilgrim
church on Saturday, October 2, at 2
o'clock p. m. All members are requested
to be present.
J. B. Harman.
THE Nt>VS OF P03IAKIA- i
.New State Warehouse Keady?Pastor
Boyd Returns?Pomaria Oil
Pomaria, September 30.?
Dr. Z. T. Pinner is having his house
torn away and is building a new one |
which is very modern and up-to-date, j
Lhis will add very much to the looks ;
of things and will be a pretty house, i
on a beautiful site for a residence, j
Mr. Will T. Livingston of XewDerry j
has the contract and is pushing tho j
work on as fast as it is possible to
The home of Mr. and iMrs. Caldwell
Ruff was saddened by the fleam ot one |
of their little twins, an infant of a j
few months old, on last Friday even-!
ing. The twins were a boy and a girl j
and the little boy it was tliat ciieci j
after a short illness. The burial was j
held Saturday afternoon in the St.)
Philips churchyard and the services j
were conducted by the Rev. Y. von A. |
'.'-The Southern -Cinderilla/' a comedy
in three acts, was played berore a
large audience Friday night and was
very much enjoyed by all present. This
play was rendered by local talent and
was well carried out. It may i>e repeated
later on. A nice little purse
\fr rj-prvr^p .T. Wilson had the mis
fortune to lose a very fine horse a few
days ago, which was very gentle and
was petted by almost all who Knew
him. He was prized very highly, especially
by Mr. Wilson's family.
Pomaria sent off to school tnis year
a large crowd of boys and girls to the
various colleges and has a very fine
lot of teachers who are stealing ou:
one by one to their different schools,
all of which we haven't space to mention,
but they are a fine set of which
Pomaria is very proud.
>' Mr. Bates Bolan4 of Little Mountain
has moved to Pomaria, where he will
make his home. Mr. Boland is well
known in the lumber and sa'w mill
business, which has been his occupation
for a number of years. We are
glad to welcome him and his family
in their new home, which will be direotly
in front of the Methodist parsonage
The Pomaria .oil mill, which Is owned
and controlled by Mr. A. H. Sheely,
has one of the finest ginning syste.ms
in this country, and is kept Susy hum-1
ming all the time. The gins are the
most up-to-date anywhere around, being
the airblast type, and give the
best satisfaction, both to Mr. Sheely
and to his customers. Rev.
D. P. Boyd, who has preached
on the Broad River circuit, composed
of Mt. Pleasant, New Hope and .Morris
chapel, will superannuate at the
next conerence and will, move to Newberry,
where he will make his home.
We regret very much to see him and
his family leave Pomaria.
IT he new warehouse here is aboui
finished and is ready for storing cotton.
There will be a lot of cotton
stored in it this winter to wait for
better prices. A good many of the
farmers around are not selling any of
their cotton this fall and have some of
their last year's crop. We are glad
to see them hold their cotton off the
market, for every bale means a better
price"for those who have to sell
in order to meet their obligations, and
the farmers are in a better position
to h*ld their cotton this year man
they were last year, owing to the fact
that they haven't much fertilizer to
pay for and the crop was made with
A Southern freight engine, while
passing by pulling train No. 65, 'Set
fire to Mr. W. W. Berley's woods on last
Monday morning and burning over
several acres of land, doing lots of
damage, the wind blowing some and
everything being so dry made the
woods burn more rapidly and could not
u ~ t 1 until it had dAKtrOVA'd a
liC V/ViillUUCU 14XAVAA AV MV?V. v
lot of good timber.
Mr. and Mrs. M. E. K. Glymph and
Prof, and Mrs. D. L. Wedaman wer*1
all made happy by the appearance of
a little boy each one day last week.
All of the school children came down
* ~ +T">~ J/V1-.XV+ lncf Tl'?U^Lr + A nhppr t"hp
i-U I.11C ucput loot ?
boosters as they passed here and all
were presented with whistles, badges
and circulars of advertising matter,
which they are enjoying around town
yet, for nearly every boy has a whistle
and can blow it when they meet
you. The boosters were a jolly set
and were doing some advertising.
J. A. BANKS TELLS OF ITS ADVANTAGES.
St. Matthews Planter Has Borrowed
Honey at o Per Cent :n <
Sew York. <
To the Editor of The State:
I am gratified to note an editorial <
in today's issue of The State on the <
subiect of cotton warehouses generally U
and the State warehouse system specifically
and indulge the hope that this
editorial may develop discussion of
this system on its merits. It is either ?
a very bad or a very good thing and <
should be patriotically supported, or
\igorously denounced. Let the light <
of truth shine through the columns of
the press, free from prejudice or ran- <?
cor, that the people may know what *<
the State warehouse system is. If it <
be bad let it die; if good, it will live. | ?
I am .in complete accord with your j -<
views as expressed in the following ?
sentences: "The profitable marketing ?
cf cotton is directly dependent upon <$
warehouses." "Cotton is a security in <$
its nature so excellent that it should
be easy to negotiate loans on it in the <*
Northern money centers where the <*
rate of interest is low.*' "Of the value 4
of a warehouse system sufficient to <$
accommodate a great part of the cot- ?
ton in existence at a given urae mere <$
can be no question." These ooserva- 4
tions are so true and so helpful that I <
feel like exclaiming, "Hurrah for The ?
I am not in accord with the follow- ?
ing sentence and will state my reasons. <
You say: "The people would as well ?
understand that the mere fact that a <
v. arehouse system is conducted by the <
btate gives it no peculiar au'vauutse w v
Question of Cost. <
One of the most important ques- <
tions in the matter of warehousing 45
cotton is that of economy. If the
farmer can turn his cotton into a
liquid asset through a system of warehousing
which offers low rates or carrying
charges, he is more apt to do so <
than if the charges are high. Now, <
let us see what advantages are offered I
by the "State warehouse*! system in
I am carrying 300 Dales of cotton in j
a State warehouse on my farm built
by me at a cost of $400 and the fol- j
lowing figures cover entire carrying
Interest on investment at 8
per cent !$ 32.00 ^
Depreciation at 8 per cent 32.00
Insurance on $12,000 at $1.58. 189.60 ^
Warehouse charges 90.00 j
Premium on warehouseman^
bond 10.00 (
Interest on $10,000 borrowed
at 5 per cent 500.00
Total cost 300 bales 1 year $ 853.60 ]
There ?re hundreds, perhaps thou- 1
sands, of farmers in the State carry- '
ing cotton at the following rates: ]
Three hundred bales cotton <
at 25c per bale per month.$ 900.00 ,
Ten thousand dollars at 8 ,
cent 800.00 ,
Total ?1,700.UU .
Of Real Value. ?
Wouid you not say that a system ,
that reduces the carrying chares on 5
cotton 50 per cent and to that extent ;
rncourages the enterprise upon which
von. say "depends the profitable marketing
of cotton" is entitled to some
consideration ou mis giuuuu; ;
From the fo? ogoirg facts it must be (
apparent that [ can not agree with
your statement, "Whether the South <
Carolina warehouse system Is an es- ,
tablishe.i success or not rests m an:wei*
to this question:' i
"Can the owiiv-r of 100 bales of cot- ,
ten carry its receipt tc New York and i
there obtain a loan on it at 6 per cent j
or less?"' But I shall er.deaver to ''es- (
tablish'* to your mini the "success"
of the system by suing an affirmative \
answer to your question, it can ue j
I borrowed $10,000 on South Caro- ]
lina State warehouse receipts at 5 (
per cent r-lraight interest, and if I
had wished *< borrow $100,000 at the j
tLne and had tlie receipts I could have ?
done so at 'I 7-S r.?er cent straight in- ?
'Mr. Sabin. president of the Guaranty (
Trust company.stated to Commissioner
COTTO MARKET <3>
* ?o? <3>
s> ?wberrr. <$>
*y -Cotton 12c
^ Cotton seed, per bu 46%c $
5> Prosperity. <?>
^ Cotton 12c
^ Cotton seed, per bu 46%c ^
? ^ <?>
Pomaria. , <S>
' Cotton ll%c ^
' Cotton seed, per bu 48c $>
? Little Mountain.
Cotton 12c <?>
^ Cotton seed, per bu 48c
? Silyerstreet ?
Cotton 12c ^ ?
Cotton seed, per bu 46*?c $
P ?- *
r> Chip pells.
^ Cotton 12c
? .Cotton seed, per bu 52%
> Cotton 12c ?
>. Cotton seed, per bu 45%c &
> There was a little break in <S>
> the cotton market on Wednes>
day, but it recovered partly on <$>
> Thursday and the price at the <3>
> various places that buy in New- <?>
> berry county was quoted at 12 <s>
? cents. Tuesday and Wednesday
> morning the price prevailing in
> Newberry was 12*4@12i4c.
> Selling was very good until the '
> break, and then farmers stop>
ped. The price of seed varies <$>
? from iol/2 cents at Kinards to
52^ cents at Chappeils. The
> Herald and News will try to ?
give the market with each issue <S>
j> and quote it from buyers in ^
?> each. town. ^
Central M. E. Church, -South*
(Rev. F. E. Dibble Pastor.)
Sunday, October 3:
Morning service, 11 a. m.; subject,
Witnessing for, Christ." The Lord's
;upr>er will be celebrated at close of
Sunday school, 4 p. m.
Epworth league, 7 p. m. At this meeting
the new officers 'will be installed.
'Evening service, 7:30 p. m.; subject,
"Our Opportunity."- v
Please notice that the evening hour
las been changed to 7:30.
Beginning with this Sunday, there
;vill be special services in the church
,wice a day throughout the week. Fur;her
announcement as to these wjll be \
All are cordially invited to join in
Roosevelt may be permitted to take
;he regular Republican nomination for
president next year, as 'nobody else
;vants it.?Albany Herald.
HcLaurin and ms that "tne state warehouse
receipt* were a most desirable
:orm of security, that his company
cvould underwrite them for any amount
iesired and tne rctes so collaterals
could be $ol I in New York on that
late at 3 7-8 per cent." He marveled
it the sagacity cf the- -man who'had
;o simplified a question of such magnitude.
He offered to lend the money to
the farmers through Commissioner
McLaurin, who declined for the reason
that such a course would inevitably
lead the State into a banking business,
preferring that the loans be negotiated
by farmers direct with New York
ar through their local banks.
It is apparent that the recognition
onv^n tn thp imnortanoe of the South's
?reat staple by the adoption of a
States warehouse system by South
Carolina, Louisiana and Texas must
3f necessity give character and stability
to cotton. How often have w#
aeard the remark, "Cotton is going
iown. Cotton has no friends."
This can no longer be sold when
the States of the South provide a department
of government to fltana
ready with its aid in times of (je
pression. Even the moral effect must
Df necessity be good.
Who will doubt that just such State
iction as tnis influenced the federal
government to place $30,000,000 in
*old in Southern banks at 3 per cent
:o be loaned to farmers at 6 per cen^
dt less? J. A. Banfts.
St. Matthews, September 24.
"- . - >\'V - '/ ' S'? . < "/ . i& -AdC