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ENGLAND WOULD AID
GROWERS OF COTTON
WATSON ARGUMENT IMPRESSES
British Ambassador Thinks His Gov
eminent Should Help Maintain
The Public Ledger, Philadelphia, deTotes
two columns of the first page in
its issue of Tuesday to a special article
from its London correspondent.
Robert Sloss, quoting Lord Milner's
views on an open letter addressed to
the British government by E. J. Watson
of Columbia, president of the
Southern Cotton congress. The Pub
lie Ledger also discusses the matter
Writing from London under date of
Occober 31, Mr. Sloss said:
"E. J. Watson's open letter to the
British government in the Public Ledger
of September 27 has aroused muc j
interest here and may perhaps be the
beginning of valuable discussion on a
question hitherto somewhat obscured.
J promptly brought it to trie attention
of Lord Milner, who wrote me on the
" 'I also am -very much interested in
this question and should be very glad I
if I could be in any way instrumental j
in helping you to get things put j
"He suggested that I come and discuss
the subject informally with him.
Tho rtnv nrpreriino' that on Which I
saw him Lord Milner had addressed
to the house of lords an utterance with |
the momentous significance of which
the world is already familiar, and as
his tall, powerful figure confronted me I
in greeting it carried out to the full1
the impression of the vigorous advocate
he is in any cause he might feel to
&ave a claim upon his interest. Our
nny-1 rcrco ti An r>An Tin na/1 ma
VUUTVlvianvu vwu<mvvu ?V
that the cotton question, as it presents
itself during the present war or thereafter,
is one over which Lord Milner
has thought very carefully and one to
which he is sincerely anxious to see
applied some practical solution showing
a touch of international statesmanship,
rather than of mere politics."
Lord Miner's Statement
At the close of the interview, Mr.
Sloss says, Lord Milner dictated and
signed the following statement:
"So many interesting questions in
regard to this important subject are
raised by Mr. Y'atson's letter that it
seems to me to require something in
the nature of a composite reply from
several sources. Of course, I can not
undertake to speak in any sense for
the government in this matter. I don't
know what the official view is. But,
speaking as an individual Englishman.
I may say that I agree with Mr. Watson
that it is a matter of great importance
to Great Britain that the cotton
growers of America should be
able to make a reasonable profit by
their industry. We regard them as
our friends. (They are indispensable
to us. There was danger of a scarcity
c, of raw cotton before the war. That
position may be reproduced and even
intensified after the war. It is clearly
not to our interest that American cotton
growers should curtail their crops
- A * * "l? "\/T \i7 ft AT* T\l? A
xo tne eiieiiL which .m. ?taisuu
"The question for this country,
therefore, seems to reduce itself to the
consideration of practical ways and
means of preventing such an outcome.
At the present moment the problem is
not urgent. The price of cotton is taking
very good care of itself. But assuming
.that this satisfactory state of
things did not continue, is there any
tiling to oe done : Mr. waisuu, m ma
very frank and interesting letter, suggests
that the British government
should stabilize the price of cotton
by entering the market as a purchaser
whenever the price falls below a certain
"I should want to know a great deal
more than I do about the mechanism
of the cotton market and about the
modus operandi of these 'manipulat
they did, they would defeat the verv
fore I could pass judgment on this
proposal. It is certainly worthy of!
close examination from the technical
point of >\iew. One obvious difficulty
is that the British government coul-1
hardly enter the cotton market open
ly. At least, I should fear that, if j
they did, they wolud defeat the very i
end which Mr. XVatscn ftas in view, in-;
asni'.ich as the speculative interests
would be fully prepared to take advantage
of such intervention. On the
other haiit;. 'or the British government
to attempt ?o steady the market by
mea?1?. of :-'-crcr agents might lc;ad :o
unfortunate com plications and misun-|
derMandingSu And here again I should j
he afrai l of playing into the hands oil
the 'mini: ::latc:?.* It is clearly a mat
ter of interest to us in this country
tnar ine prc''!>.c**rs ui couun miuuiu
enjoy a reasonable prosperity. But we
have less than no interest in swelling
the profit-? of speculators.
".At the same time, I don't want to
take too critical an attitude. 1 have
I I ???l I ??? Mil mm
been much impressed by what Mr.
Watson has said, and it seems to me
his letter indicates a most farorable
i angle of approach to the whole subject.
I should like to see it thorougii!
Iy discussed by those on both sides
of the Atlantic whose technical knowledge
would enable them to throw the
fullest light upon it, eo as to enable
j us, should the need arise, to tackle the
problem in the most practical manner."
For Price Maintenance.
On September 26, through the medium
of the Public Ledger, a plea to
the British government was made by
I President E. J. Watson of the Southern
j Cotton congress, for the establishment
' of a minimum price on cotton for the
^protection of the grower. iMr. Waison
'then pointed out that the Southern
farmer had been manipulated out of
his just profits on the commodity and
was turning to the raising of foodstuffs
and cattle in a hope of getting
a stable return from his lands. He
held that only the fixing of a minimum
level on the Xew York and Liverpool
cotton exchanges could -save the situation.
"So far cotton has taken care of itself
fairly well this season," stated
Mr. Watson in his open letter to ihe
British government. "If the British
government or the British spinners
want to do something that would be
<,ound and yet wouid not even ap1
roach the cost of the * proposition
Lord Milner properly discards, they
should arrange through responsible
agents to watch the cotton market in
both New fork and Liverpool, with a
view to insuring the grower at least
a margin of profit on his cotton; in
other words, aet^-riuine that when the
price falls below Lfi or better, 10.5
cents per pjund?making that a minimum
beyon.1 which iLe price would not
be allowed to fal1 they enter the market
to sr.ch an extent as may be neces
sary to stabilize it. and carry it back
to the minimum suggestion. Such a
plan is simple, sound and not costly,
and it would not prevent speculation
at levels above the minimum."
Cotton as Credit Basis.
"American cotton is now an annual
$1,000,000,000 proposition, heretofore
regarded by our government as a commodity,
but now, because of its indeA
Ano??Qrtfar of* 1 Do c t T OPA P'
ib ti UV/^Iyic a,\sLVI j cl^ xv?UI?Jw * vwQ
nized as a basis of credit upon which
the national banking system may
1 make loans. Cotton is unquestionably
America's greatest asset in world trade
and finance. It is virtually the sole dependence
of the population of the 1-1
Southern States in which it is grown
It is the thing that clothes the world.'
Mr. Watson further stated that cot
ton growing in the Southern States
was the thing upon which were based
VLSt industries in other nations, and
that the grower had become so disheartened
through the manipulation of
prices by the speculator that it took
only the present great war crisis-to
drive him to despair. He said that so
discouraged had the cotton farmer become
that he now looked to extensively
cutting his cotton acreage in the fu
Referring to a previous statement o:
Lord Milner in England that "any
scheme that can possibly be devised
to stabilize cotton prices must necessarily
appeal very strongly to the British
government." Mr. Watson discussed
in his letter some of the ways and
means suggested, and added:
"I do not myself think that the pro- \
posal that we should buy up all cotton
which would otherwise go to Germany
and Austria is either practicable or
economically sound. It seems to be
calculated to completely upset the
market and to insure e-vil effects in
both directions?an excessively high
: ? V>T7 nn/looirohlo I
price, CLViVUiU^atllcU uj uuuv.kmuu>v
speculation in the first instance, followed
very likely by a ruinous fall of
prices later on."
Public Ledgers' Editorial.
Editorially, the Public Ledger in its
issue of Tuesday discusses the matte:
"When President Watson of the
Southern Cotton congress addressed,
through the Public Ledger in September
last, his open letter to the Britisn
government, there was a greater need
than exists at present for extraordinary
efforts to sustain the price of
raw cotton and thus prevent a disastrous
curtailment of production in our
own Southern States. Nevertheless, so
long as the war drags on. with the
serious interference with the foreign
markets for American cotton resulting
from the British blockading opera-1
dons, the subject is one for the exercise
of the wisest statesmanship, both
011 the part of governments and plant- j
ers. It is from this point of view that j
the subject is considered by Lord Mil-;
ner, for. while tlii- distinguisned i>rit!
ish statesman and administrator doo[
i not assume to speak for the British J
j government, in the signed statement,
| dictated for the Public Ledger and
j printed in another part of this issue,
i ne gives irii reco^iuuuii iu mc gmvuv
| of the situation, so far as it affects the
j welfare of the growers in America an-1
his own nation's industries alike.
| "Lord Milner's statement may be re
garded, therefore, as the opening of I
that wider discussion of the problem
which must take place before anv
| practical solution can be found. Both
: Lord Milner and President lA'atson are
! agreed that it ie of ivital importance
tVi.it thp nrirp of ootton ouirht not td
be subject to the selfish manipulation
! of speculators, but the former is not
yet prepared to accept tne suggestion
i of Mr. Watson that the British govj
ernment and the British spinners
should embark upon a sort o f
| valorization scheme to prevent a minj
imum price too low to enable the cot
I ton planters to make a living. That he
; is willing to consider the proposal as
I the basis for argument is a great gain
and should open the way for that wider
discussion, that study of the prob!
lem fro mevery angle of approach,
| co-operation for the attainment of an
end so desirable. The possibility of a
scarcity of raw cotton after the war is
much more than an American question,
hence the significance of tht discussion
to which. Lord Milner has so
Twa Poems on Opportunity.
Editor Herald and News:
As some of your readers probably
nave not seen the inclosed poems, I
shall be glad for you to reproduce
them in your excellent journal.
I think Mr. Malone's idea is the true
one of the much discussed subject of
opportunity. His is true twentieth
century optimism. What do the readers
of 'The Herald and 'News think?
O. M. B.
(By John J. Ingaiis of Kansas.)
.Master of human destinies am I,
Fame, love and fortune on my footsteps
Cities and field I walk; I penetrate
Deserts and seas remote and passing
Hovel and mart and palace soon or
I knock, unbidden, once at every gate.
If sleeping, wake! If feasting, rise
I turn away! It is the hour of fate
And those who follow me reach every
mortals desire; and conquer every foe
Save death. But those who doubt, or
Condemned to failure, penury and woe
Seek me in vain and uselessly implore,
T o-'ct.'" T T?ph?rn rn mrvrrv
(By Walter Malone of Memphis.)
They do me wrong who say I come no
When once I knock and fail to find
For every day I stand outside your
And bid you wake, and rise to fight
Wail not for precious chances passed
Weep not for gplden ages on the
Each night I burn the records of the |
At sunrise every soul is born again, j
Laugh like a boy at splendors that'
To vanished joys be blind and deal
My judgments seal the dead past with :
But never bind a moment yet to
Though deep in mire, wring not your j
.hand and weep;
I lend an arm to all who say ' I!
cct n "
Xo shamefaced outcast ever- sank so j
But yet might rise and he again a i
Dost thou behold thy lost youth all
Dost reel from righteous retribution's
Then turn from blotted archives of J
And find the future's pages white as
Art thou a mourner? Rouse then from
Art tbou a sinner? Sins may be!
Each morning gives thee wings to flee !
Each night a star to guide thy feet j
MOVES TO WINSSKORO
Key. (?. G\ JFayes Accepts Call to Zion
Winnsboro, Nov. 12.?The Rev. G. G.
Mayo- of Groenville has recently ac
jcepted the call tendered by Zion Pros-!
; byterian church here to become its.
! pastor ana will probably come here;
j shortly. Tt is with much pleasure that:
j this congregation and the community!
j welcome Mr. and Mrs. IMayes and famj
i'y. This church has been without a
) pasior 5?JIlL'e lilt* ill SI l?cii i tri miitr iicii
, the Rev. .T. M. Holladay. I). D., resignj
ed the pastorate to become pastor at
' Waterford, Va.
Of Special Meeting of the Shareholders
of the Columbia, Newberry and Lanrtus
"To the Stockholders of the Columbia,
Xewbeiry and Laurens Railroad
I Take notice that, in accordance wit a
| Section 11 of the By-laws of the Co|
lumoia, Newberry and Laurens Rail!
road Ccmpan /, and under the authorj
itv of Section 2SS3 of Volume 1 of the
, Code of South Carolina, 1912. a special
I mflo.'inff nf tVm cTr>r?lrVtpre too Pn
Imv- ~ ?
I iumbia Newberry and Laurens Rail1
road Company has been called by the
Board of Directors, and by a majority
of the stockholders of the said company
at their regular annual meeting,
to be held at the office of the comi
pany in the City of Columbia, South
i Carolina, op Tuesday, the 28rd day
j of AO'.-ember, iyio. at twelve o ciock,
i noon, for the purpose of taking action
with respect to having the charter of
tiie company amended so as to extend
i its life in perpetuity and in such other
J respects as the stockholders may deI
COLUMBIA, NEWBERRY AND LAUREN?
By John F. Livingston .President."
I Lutheran Writer Bead.
| Philadelphia, Nov. 6.?The Rev. Sylvanus
Stall, 68, editor of the Lutheran
Observer, and author of a number of '
books, died in Atlantic City today.
Honor Roll Mellohon Mill School. ,
Second Grade?Lossie Mae 'Tew,
j George Brown.
Third Grade?Hattie Tew, Mamie
Fifth Grade?Rois Mitchell.
Sixth Grade?Nellie Brown, Ella Mae
Longshore; Edna Stilwell.
CHICHESTER S PILLS
tiie diamond brand. /.
Ladles! Ask your Druggist for A\
& Ckl-chca-ter a Diamotfd Brand/i^N
CdK JMIls In Ked and C^old metallic^//
t-v ?boxes, sealed -with Blue Ribbon. V '
Take no other. Buy of yonr ^
if" ilf Pruor>c<?t. Ai>icforCIlI.CirE8-TEE6 I
J U Ik DIAMOND J'.RAM? PILLS, for 85
\* years k down ?.? Best, Safest, Always Reliable
?r SOlPPYOPUfiO^pFPWn^ '
To Drive Out Malaria
And Build Up The System :
! Take the Old Standard GROVE'S
j TASTELESS chill TONIC. You know
I what you are taking, as the formula is
J printed on every label, showing it is
i Quinine and Iron in a tasteless form. 1
| The Quinine drives out malaiia, the
j Iroi Guilds up the system. 50 cents
A novelty for fishermen is a hook
equipped with a clip to hold a living
fish as 'bait without iDjury so that u
| can swim naturally.
j All persons noiaing claims agamsi
j the late J. Walter Stockman will please
j present the same properly verified oa
| or before the 15th day of November,
I 1915, to the undersigned at Prosperity,
: S. C., or to her attorneys, Messrs. 1
j Blease & Blease, Newberry, S. C.
| Mrs. Josephine E. Stockman,
Attorney in Fact, j
I November 3, 1915.
vejy Day jg
A eakej an<J Pas|*~ ^
g peS a[[?s|" ft? un" j?
V equalled *juaii|"y oj ?S
I t;5in3 5-1 g
& cu,? S
I1! ' J~ i W W j | ;
Ji apjd J^Inoujan^ o,r J"J|
jj" eool<5 ape gj*a|'?|u b[!|
rt f?[" ["^e eaSe w'|"^| !;
JjJ whieh if is pre- g
JJh paj-?J,j-?^uij-ing no Jigj
jlj ?alJ", joda o|- Lak- %!
JbJ ing powdej*. J^5 %
5J pu" up in 'he 4pj- V
iV J!v!dua! 5aekwfj"^
v l"h? R's'n^ 5un Si
"V 11 1 ,w a s
? upon a g
^ FVepaj-ed Lv "lis
^ |amou5 f^eJ ^ ill, ?j
Najhvi! ?, K
i? . Itf! T s n n. kJj
Ask for ?'
j ||j?||g| Rising Sun ^ j
! Others may guar- *? '
w n*-,-<3 VTt // ~ ?<x, A -flr\n v?o BJi
^?gggp^=?| but RISING SUN sgd
i i guarantees results.
1 ena^'hvilie, tenn^i _b_
fl i VllipVOl
China that an
"Tempest" of e;
make a hit with tl
and be convinced,
and saucer, full
1 .T 1 111
Deautitui gold doi
of cup and edge
no more than inf<
See me bef
Mayes' Book &
ti u _r . i
i ne nouse 01 a i
i^JF Red S
Illy Horse and Miile
It's something the horses an<
s|||y?: appetite?starts the saliva j
^||||gr Far superior to an all grain
mwfo mules a treat, and at the same
Wm Our RED SHIRT (first grade) 1
aw contains Corn, Oats, Ground Alf
f* and pure cane molasses, and anal
Protein 10%; Fat 3%; Fibi
PIEDMONT HORSE & MOLE MOUSSE
2%\ Carbohydrates 55%.
f SWAMPFOX HORSE & MULE MOLASSES FEE
I PERFECTION HORSE & MULE FEED
^ Protein 12%; Fat 3%; Fibre 12%; Carboh;
| grain and ground Alfalfa Meal.
I CUTDT 1
JXH/iy oxiii\ A j
X First Grade: A balanced ration contain
n keeps them in srood condition. Increases tl
^ at a reduced cost of feeding. Contains g
E Ground Alfalfa, Pure Cane Mo'iasses and
^ Fibre 12%; Carbohydrates 60%. c
| PIEDMONT DAIRY FEED
I RED SHIRT HOG FEED *rreS^f ?,V
We manofactare also RED SHIRT Scrate1
K "SEVEN EGGS A WEEK" HEN MASH ?
Bice, Cottonseed Meal, Cow Peas, Me
Protein 18%; Fat 4%; Fibre 12%; (
As shown on the bags in our ad. nearl:
products, even to the bags and twin
for Oats, Corn, Wheat, Alfalfa
1 We also carry a^fall
\V Oar feeds as show
/ O Vi on scientific princ
37 msZ- \_/ i \\ greatest nourisht
1( 1} nt y?ar ^!e ^ '
1L itT A Mfci
| The year 1916 ^
j will be crowded with
< the very best reading in
j 9 Great Serials
CUT THIS OUT
and send it (or the name of this paper)
with $2.C9 for The COMPANION
for 1916, and we will send
PPPP All the issues of THE COM- '
* ^ " PANION for the renuining
weeks of 1915.
fri7f the companion home
r r\L,r, calendar for i9is.
THFN The 52 Weekly Issues cf
lnEiTM THECOMPANiON for 1916.
Qu(.;'!i Victoria lived -9.S28 days, or
* * ? j- _ .?? U ~ ?
live days longer tlian meoiaesi ol net
predecessor;*, George III. They were
ijo.ii born on May 24.
Blessings in disguiste too often take
too long to throw off the disguise.
After a while Europe will have no 1
neutral ground for peace to prey on. ,
ouses a perfect
>n neyer fails to
be ladie'i. See it
Thin china cup
size light china
der around top
of saucer. Cost
' Varietv Store
? V Ml w
test thing mv n am ^
n feeding W^
^ ^ rtwk^(s^^l r i
ihirt l^^yj 1
molasses feet^si ;
i mules like?gives them an
running and aids digestion,
feed. Give your horses and
time save money. \
dorse ana jiiue jiiuwaDcn * w? ^ ?
alfa, made appetizing with salt ^
yzes as follows:
? 12%; Carbohydrate# 57% =5jF
J ItCl) Second Grade ? Analyzes: Prw
3 rL?JJ tein 9%%; Fat Fibrs
ft (3rd Grade) This analyzes: Protein 9%; S
? Fat 2% i Fibre 12%; Carbohydrates 55%. ^
ilixed) We manufacture also a dry mixed (no \
sea) Hone snd Male Feed, which analyzes: |
ydrates 57f <> This is composed of straight $
DAIRY FEED <
tin? Molasses. Cattle are very fond of it ? }
? * ( i
te flow and enricnea ine qosmj u* u? s
round Corn, C. S. Meal, Whe&t Middling, ;
Salt. Analyze*: Protein 15%; Fat 3%; j
Analyzes: Protein 12%; Fat 2%%; Fibre X
rates 55%. $
if Digestive Tankage, Ground Corn, Rice ^
fattening. Keeps the hogs in good condition, fyj J
h Feed and RED SHIRT Baby Chick Feed, jjm I
omposed of Gronnd, Corn, Ground W f
ats. Ground Wheat, Barley, Maize, .nsxJ
at Meal and Linseed Meal. Analysis: ^
7 all of oar feed is made from Carolina
ie. We are, therefore, in the market I
Hay and any other kind of Haystock
of GRAIN, HAY STRAW.
iples to famish the |
aent at the lowest j(
town yon how to II Ye
ricea, etc. '
250 Short Stories j "
Rare Articles, Nature and Science, c
Exceptional Editorial Page, Family \
Page, Boys' Page, Girls' Page, Chil- S
dren's Page. All ages liberally )
provided for. \
Twice as much as any magazine > i
Z ?? *-* flWIAff S ''' M
glVCO 111 <X jr^CU* A UVJ-fcfTW f V
a year?not twelve. v '
Send to-day to The Youth's Com- \
panion, Boston, Mass., for >
THREE CURRENT ISSUES - FREE. >
VED AT THIS OFFICE i
J The boy beginning on tobacco al,
ways bites off more than hc; can chew.
i Japan's efforts to benefit China <^4
i might start with an engineering pro- j 1
: gram to prevent floods. ^ j
Striped stockings are said to be coming
back into style. Fashion springs ^
about as many atrocities as war.?Detroit