Newspaper Page Text
VOLUME LIU, XUMBER 90. ' NEWBERRY, S. C, FRIDAY, DECEJEBER 10, 1915. TWICE A WEEK, HA0 A YEAR.
Austria Must I
BUT FIRM STAND
CALLS FOR SPEEDY ASSURANCES
AGAINST REPETITION OP ATm
* r>T~ * vn nun tot rriA V
1A1/A AJll lUjl .iiv.txivi'
FOR AMERICAN LIVES.
State of Affairs Has Been Furthe*
Complicated by Reports of Activities
of Submarines Against
Oil Ships in Mediterranean
Washington. Dec. 8.?The United
States has sent to Austria-Hungary a
note asking for a disavowal of the
submarine attack upon the Italian
liner Ancona, assurances that such an
' J - ? " N I
act will not De repeated, some ucgicc
of punishment for the commander of
the submarine, and reparation for
American lives lost.
The communication started by cable
_ yesterday from the state department
to Ambassador Frederick C. Penfield
at Vienna, who was instru|ted to hand
it to the A'ustro-Hungarian minister
of foreign affairs, Baron Burian.
Word of delivery of the note had
not been received by the department
Friendly but firm terms, it is said,
characterized the documtnt, which is
understood to make a point of prompt
assurances for the future safety of
American lives. Austria-Hungary has
never informed the United States,
whether the commanders of its submarines
had been given instructions
similar to those which the German
government gave to its commanders
after the Lusitania tragedy.
Asks for Explanation.
Ti fhat the note re
XI 1?> UUUCl oiuuu k-uv
ferred particularly to the charge that
shells from the "submarine killed or
wounded some passengers on the An<;ona
after she had halted, and asked
for an explanation of that point.
In dispatching tne note Secretary
Lansing acted with the approval of
President Wilsou and after consulting
I with him. It is stated authoritatively
that the document, which is described
' Vv mC /> P -O T-k
as being comparative v unci UVL UV/
, cidedly vigorous in tone, was so drafted
as to attempt a settlement of the
controversy at once, without bringing
on a series of communications such
as followed the sinking of the Lusir
High officials are said to be of the
opinion that the situation is one which
calls for grave consideration, the state
of affairs having become more com- 1
plicated since the note was dispatched
c ~ t ~ nvt/irt A morico n
Dy reporu> ui ana^Rs Upvru a |
oil-carrying vessels in the Mediterranean,
presumably by Austrian submarines.
Surprise to Washington.
News that the note had been s-ent
came as a complete surprise to official
Washington generally, the reports
which emanated from the state department
early in the week being that
no nositive and corroborated evidence
(as to what actually had occurred
when the Ancona wer.t down had been
received. It was said that the reports
received were fragmentary, conflicting
or contradictory, and that until a
reply to the inquiries submitted to
Austria-Hungary was received it was
probable that no communication would
be sent to Vienna. Tonight it was
suggested in some quarters that information
of a most conclusive na
ture had come to Secretary i^ansing,
probably late Monday night, and that
it had been decided then that the protest
should go forward immediately.
Whether Ambassador Penfield had
transmitted the reply to the Vienna
foreign office to the list of queries1
submitted by the United States could
not be ascertained..
Wj, Some Reply Received.
The belief prevails, however, that
the state department had received an
swer of some sort to queries. In the
^ inquiry Austria-Hungary was asked
fcpmong other things whether a warn-'
^^ping shot had been fired before thel
V ~ ship was shelled, whether time was j
I given the passengers to get to a place
I of safety and whether any shots were
fied at the ship after she had come to
of the Ancona
~ ^ 4-: 11 UAf/NWA 4*Vv/-\ *f rvr*rvo<^rv
ci stauusuu ciiiu ucivic c"c. <.\ji i
which sank her was launched. The
Aaistro-Hungarian embassy here had
not been advised tonight that the inquiry
had been answered and it was
said that the Italian ambassador, who
has transmitted much information
upon the sinking of the Ancona. had j
not furnished the United States with
anything additional. j
The Ancona was sunk in the Medi- '
terranean sea on November 9, while |
bound from Naples for New York, j
The only testimony of a native Ameri- ;
can survivor of the liner before the
department is a deposition by Dr. Ce-:
cile Greil of New York. In her depo- i
sition Dr. Greil asserts specifically that;
the liner was torpedoed while the men, j
women and children in the cabin and
srppras'A were scrambling: to get into !
the small boats. The department had j
been inclined not to accept this single i
statement a.s positive proof unless cor- j
roboration was received from some j
Of Much Importance.
Much weight was given, however, |,
to what Dr. Griel had to say. Her j
testimony was considered of so much J
(importance that she was* 'taken toj
whprp she told her storv to !
Ambassador Page. A report of the
conversation reached the state department
After the inquiry of the United States
had been before the Vienna foreign
office several days Ambassador Penfield
reported that more time was desiied
in which to frame a reply. Last
week Secretary Lansing instructed the
ambassador to urge a prompt reply.
Thp American note, it is understood,
sets forth that the United States can |
not believe that the commanders of
Austrian submarines have committed
icts of lawlessness except under a misapprehension
of orders issued biy the
naval authorities. It is declared that
under methods of warfare such as
these employed in the sinking of the
Ancona it is practically impossible,
mder such circumstances," to remain
within the rules of fairness, justice ?
The principles of humanity and justice
which were championed in notes
to Germany are understood also to be
brought strongly to the attention of
the Austro-Hungarian government in
this communication. Warning before
submarine attacks is insisted upon. 1
While every opportunity is said to
be left an amicable reply, the belief 1
prevails in usually well informed offi
ciai circles inai me cumniumuauuu ia
more vigorous than any dispatched to '
Germany while the controversy with '
that country over the conduct of submarine
warfare was in progress. Xo '
intimation could be obtained tonight
is to whether the United States had 1
determined whether any "inisinforma- [
cion" appeared in the statements of the '
occurrence which have been issued by ]
the Austrian admiralty. The Austrian
conten:ion was that a warning shot
was fired, that the ship tried to escape '
and that she finally came to a stop
after being hit several times, that 50
minutes was given in which the pas- (
sengers might take to the boats. At
the end of that period, it was claimed,
another vessel approached and the submarine
submerged and torpedoed the
Ancona, which sank at the end of an- ]
other period of 45 minutes. It was deniprJ
than aniv lifehoatc were firpd at. ;
but it was said that some of the loss
of life was caused by the failure of ;
the commander of the Ancona to act
The Italian statement on the subject
alleged that no warning was given
before the submarine started shelling
the ship, which immediately came to
a stop, and that shells were exploded
on the decks of thte vessel and in the
lifeboats, killing and wounding many
Just now many American 'lives were
lost on the Ancona never has been
definitely established. It is known that
several naturalized citizens were lost.
Reports on this point, however, have
been so conflicting that the state department
never has been able to compile
an accurate list
The text of the American note, it
was said tonight, will be given out for
publication in morning papers of Friday.
EMERGENCY TAXES ,
TO BE CONTINUED i
Leaders Prepare to Act Before Conpress
Takes Its Holiday
Washington, Dec. 8.?After a conference
with Secretary McAdoo, Chair
man Kitchin of the house ways and
means committee announced that the
Democrats would put in congress before
the holiday recess a bill to continue
the emergency war revenue law
which would expire by limitation December
31. This is estimated to raise
more than $80,000,000 annually. Mr.
Kitchin said repeal of the free sugar
clause of the Underwood tariff law
mi^ht hp rnnsider^d at the same time.
although it has been understood ihat
the administration's general revenue
measures might not be taken up until
after the holidays.
The emergency tax law probably will
be extended for a year. The legislation
was suggested by Secretary McAdoc
as one of the things Congress
should do to provide for present and
txpected financial burdens.
There is no necessity for immediate
action to keep the duty on raw sugar,
as under the Underwood law sugar
J A A"U _ C <nn-v?
uoes not go uh uie ncc not uuui
Cotton Goin?r l"p.
Our staid, conservative contempodary,
the Charlotte Observer, is feeling
very much encouraged over the
cotton situation and has visions of fifteen
cents for spots. In its sisue 01
last Sunday it gives its views as follows:
The Observer is inclined to the notion
that King Cotton has taken out a
ticket for a through trip to Station Xo.
15, which would mean where cotton is
selling at 15 cents; but, of course, he
will be subject to side-tracking delays.
This opinion is strengthened by mcimproved
outlook for export trade.
European supplies have fallen quite
low and an early replenishing will be
required. A cotton authority, a mem
ber of the exchange tel':s Financial
America that he does not look for an
active market for the next 60 days, or
until after the government ginning re
port on Wednesday and the estimate
of the production on Friday of next
week are out of the way. In the meantime,
he adds, a so-called day-to-day
market can be expected, with prices '
influenced by factors as they arise.
Tbis member stated he was of th?
opinion that 9 670,000 bales, the lowest
reported figures of the National Gin- ;
ners' association, were about right. He?s
pointed out that such a total would
show approximately 893,000 bales turn[-d
out during the last two weeks, as i
against 1,404,000 bales in the same period
last year and would indicate a :
"ron nf something around 11.000.000.
What is the most important cotton factor,
just now, according to this interest.
however, is the good spot demand
in the South and the excellent inquiry :
for spots in Liverpool and Manchester. ;
He stated that the spot sales in Liver- pool
from day to day show large
amounts changing hands. But what is
important is the opinion expressed by
this authority that exports will be in- ;
creased shortly. He believes that supplies
in Europe must be running fair- j
Itt Irtw ocnoHnllv u*lipn it is rpmftm
bered that only a small proportion of
'his year's crop has been sent over,
and therefore the stocks will have to
be replenished. It is altogether likely,
however, thar a large part of the cot- .
ton to be sent out has already been
purchased in this country and is probably
stored in the South. Nevertheless,
a sudden export movement of a
large amount of the staple would have
i sympathetic effect on prices here.
There will be a box party at tne residence
of Colin L. Graham December
24, 1915, beginning at 6 o'clock, for
the benefit of the Methodist parsonage
at Pomaria. We invite all the girls of
the neighborhood to come and bring
a box and help a good cause. There
will be a cake walk and music.
Santa Claus, Auctioneer. !C. L. Graham,
The Ladies Aid society of Trinity
church will have a box supper at Mrs.
Lucy Longshore's Friday night. December
10, 1915. Everybody come.
SIMPLICITY KEYNOTE i
OF WILSON WEDDING
PRESIDENT AND MRS. GAl'LT TO
BE 31ABKIED DECEMBER 18.
Only Members of Immediate Families
Will Be Present?Plans for Honey.
Moon Trip Kept a Secret.
Washington, Dec. 4.?Extreme sim- i
plicity will be observed at the wedding!
of President Wilson and Mrs. Norman
Gait, which the white house announced i
will be solemnized December 18, two
weeks from today, at the home of Mrs. j
Gait here. The arrangements virtual-'
ly have been completed. iThe president
will have nc best man at the wedding
and !Mrs. Gait will not formally select
a maid of honor, although one of her :
sisters, probably Miss Bertha Boiling
of this city, will escort her during the,
ceremony. , i
The announcement at the white.
hnusp that anlfv members of the two
families and the president's immediate
household would attend the wedding
and that no formal invitations would j
be issued surprised official /Washing- J
ton. It had eben expected that at least!
a few of the president's friends would j
The Rev. Herbert Scott Smith, rector
of St. Margaret's Protestant Episcopal
church here, which '.Mrs. Gait !
has attended in recent months, has j
tentatively been selected as the offi- i
cial clergyman, although it is possible (
that the Rev. Slyvester Beach of the i
president's church in Pdinceton may
The president and Mrs. Gait spent
practically the entire day together today
discussing final arrangements for*
the wedding. They played golf to-!
gether this morning and went for an i
automcbile ride this afternoon.
At Mrs. Gait's Home.
The wedding ceremony will be performed
in the drawing room of Mrs. i
Gait's home, where a temporary altar j
will be erected. The ceremony will;
be in the evening. There will be no
large reception afterwards, but official
Washington will have an oppor- (
tunity to extend personal congratulations
at the Pan-American reception,
the first of the formal social affairs of
the white house season, January 7.
Plans for the honeymoon trip are be- j
ing kept secret, but it is known the I
couple plan to leave Washington shortly
after the ceremony. The Mayflower,
the president's yacht, is being ;
kept here and it has been reported that 1
at least a part of the trip may be made j
on *water. !:
In spite of intimations that the pres-;
ident and Mrs. Gait did not expect!1
many wedding presents, a number of
officials and close friends are plan- >(
ning to send them gifts.
'The formal announcement of the j
wedding plans was written out by the
president himself this morning. Im-!
mediately afterward he left the white,
house to visit Mrs. Gait. Both have ;
agreed that all the details shall be as 1
simple as possible.
Gnests for Wedding:.
Joseph R. Wilson of Baltimore, the
president's brother; Mrs. Anne Howe,
his sister, and !Mrs. Francis B. Sayre,
the president's daughter, will be guests :
at the white house when they come to
attend the wedding. Miss Margaret
Wilson and Mrs. W. G. McAdoo, the
other two daughters of the president,
The brothers and sisters of Mrs. Gait j
who will be present are Rolfe E. Boll-;;
ing of Panama, Mrs. M. H. Maury, An- ' ''
niston, Ala, and Mrs. Alexander H.
Gait, Jobn Randolph Boiling, Miss Ber
tha Boiling, Richard W. Boiling and
Julian B. Boiling, all of Washington.
Dr. IW. Boiling of Louisville, Ky.,
another brother of Mrs. Gait, will be
unable to attend the wedding because
of the serious illness of his wife.
The duty of obtaining a marriage
license will fall to I. H. Hoover, chief
usher at the white house, who per- j
formed similar services for the wed-j'
dings of fMrs. McAdoo and Mrs. Sayre. j
Mrs. Thomas Hill Adams.
Leesville, Dec. 7.?Mrs. 'Thomas Hill j
Adams of Leesville died Monday night, j
after an invalidism of several years.
Mrs. Adams is survived by her husband
and five children, all of whom
were with her during her last days, j
except George IW'. Adams of Port Ar- j
$> THE IDLER <S>
You know, I have been reading the
Sate pretty reguladly since it was
established. Many times I have not
agreed with it on public questions,
but I always gave it credit for honesty
of purpose, and it is a prtty good newspaper.
Sometimes I have thought that
it was not always fair to the fellow
who did not agree with it, but this is
not what I started out to say or to
write about. It is only in the last
few weeks that I have read rather regularly
the paragraphs under the head
of ''The State's Survey," I want to
tell you. that fellow who gets them up
is one of the best I ever read after. It
is a hard matter to write a column of
paragraphs every day, and say something
worth whole, or something that
would entertain for the moment even,
but that fellow, whoever he is, is on
the job every day, and sometimes he is
real good. I picked up a paper jus;
the other dajy which I especially enjoyed.
One of his first ones is:
"There was never yet a paragrapher
who could endure the stomach-ache
patiently." Well, if tliat was a personal
remark it had little to do with
the remainder of that paper, and then
he writes about things just like he was
married. Listen to these two:
"There are 9,876,543 - games of
chance in the world. And the biggest
of them all is marriage."
"A Cincinnati woman says that thou-1
sands have died from kissing. 0, death,
where is thy sting!"
And I agree most heartily in this
"We can atand almost any kind of
man. But the follow who gives you a
hand like a limp fish to shake isn't
one of 'em."
Then here is another which is very
suggestive of the truth that there has
boen a lot of lying going on about
(he number of people who have been
killed and wounded in the great war
across the ditch:
"If the massacre figures are correct,
we judge that at the beginning of the
war .Armenia had a population of
According to the reports there have
bten more people killed and wounded
in this war than there are people on
the entire face of the known world.
Then I agree, to a large extent, with
the one which follows this one a littl3 j
further down the column:
"One of the greatest troubles witii
this poor old world is the circumstance
the the Fool Killer appears to stay so'
seldom on his job."
Then Mr. Ford gets a little advertisement
in this same column:
"Mr. Ford says he will give up his
entire fortune if it will end the war.
Tnat isn't all you'll give up, Henry,
if the water gets a little agitated."'
Talking about (Mr. Ford and peace,
it is said, I have heard, that Mr. Ford
paid $49 000 for the reservations on
his peace ship and immediately sold
the right to some movie picture man
for $.">0,000 to be allowed to accompany
the ship and take pictures for the
movies. Now, if Mr. Ford should give
up his estire fortune?which I hear is
something like $.">1,000,000 in cash in
banks, not to speak of his other holdings?I
imagine he would sell out at
profit. He must be a pretty good business
man as well as good advertising
agent. There is one thing about this
trip of Mr. Ford?while, so far as i
am concerned, I think it is all wrong
find will not have the right tendency
So far as loyalty to government is
concerned and all that?yet there is
one thing about it and that is it* wilJ
cause more peace talk than we have
had in a long time, and you may say
what you please, ycu cam keep talking
a ihing and writing it and after a
while you will have the people believing
it and then doing it, because before
you can get people to do yoj
must make them believe. I am old
time in my views of life and of government.
and I don't know iust how to
adjust myself to some of the new theories
and practices, but I just drift
along with the stream, I reckon, and
do the best I can. OThe world is just i
how passing through a great transi-'
tion period and it will take some time
for matters to adjust themselves, but |
it will all come out just right, because
somewhere there is an all wise hand
that is directing the destiny of nations
just as it is the destiny of individuals,
<$> COTTON MARKET ^
<$> dewberry, <3>
<$ Cotton 12c
\,ouon seea, per du o<%c ^
j <S> O
<? Prosperity. ^
<? Cotton 12 ^4 c ^
<$> Cotton seed, per bu 64%c <>
<$> v , <?
$> Pomaria. ^
^ Cotton : 12c &
^ Cotton seed, per bu 63%c ^
<$> Little Mountain. ^
<?> Cotton seed, per bu 64%c
' SiWerstreet ^
<?> Cotton 12c ?
Cotton seed, per bu 64%c ?
^ Cotton 12c ^
Cotton seed, per ton ^
Cotton llf^c ^
& Cotton seed, per bu 65c
<3> Wbftinlre. ^
<?- Cotton 12c ^
<$> Prvttnn nor Kn ' finA ^
Central i3T. E. Chnrch, South.?
(Rev. F. E. Dibble, Pa?tor.)
Services for Sunday, December 12,
will be as follows:
Morning service, 11 a. m., subject,
"The Dignity of a Citizen of the Kingdom."
Sunday school, 3:30 p. m.
Epworth league, 6:45 p. m.
Evening service, 7:30 p, m.; subject,
"The Eternal Conflict."
All rnrdiallv invited to attend
these services, and to make themselvesat
heme in Central church.
Miss Sara Chalmers and Mr. W. W.
Squiers were mamed early Tuesday
orning, much tr the surprise of fctr
many friends, Rev. 'Carson performing
the ceremony. Mr. Squiers is from
Mathews, N. C., and is to be coongratulited
on winning so lovable a bride.
They left on the 2.30 train for New
Among those who composed the excutive
committee of the state intercollegiate
oratorical contest which was
held at Clemson college last week was
K. R. Kreps of Newberry college. 'The
1916 contest will be held at Greenwood.
and it is an omnisciest as well as all
powerful and all wise hand.
Here is another paragrai.her from
that State paragrapher of the same issue
which had the remark about the
stomach-ache, but it is so good that I
miifit mint ft it:
"A dog can't talk to tell you when
he wants anything. But he can certainly
cram a lot of eloquence in Old
Yes, that's true, and did you ever
look into the eyes of a faithful old
dog and see the intelligence that
beamed through them. I had a faithful
old clog once, and I can see now how
lie could express his pleasure at my
return, when I had happened to be
away, through those beg speaking
I eyes of his. And that tail, it would
I express a whole lot more than some
-e ?1 T V>o-i-o TiearH And
OI UlUtetJ i na r uv,v. v..
| then the beautjy about the talk of the
i old tail and the intelligence and elo!
quent speech that came from the eyes,
! you knew it was true and sincere. A
good dog?man can have no better or
truer friend. *
The gift season will soon be here,
and then it should be especially the
pleasure of every one in so far as h?
is able, to give something to the poor?
that should be his concern all the time
?but while those in more favored circumstances
are enjoying the festive
J?? tv... n?vf fm'crat tVi O
occasion CUCJ' SUVU1U Ul/t 1VI gvi,
poor. I hope that the occasion will not
be celebrated by a lot of foolish shooting
of big cannon crackers and all
that sort of thing. There is no one
who enjoys more than I do the seeing
of the boys and girls have a good time,
but I do like to see a little reason in
it. Let's have a good time like "White
. folks" an?~ejvtlemen.
wr $ THE IDLER.