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Austrian Reply Denies Many
Sinking of Ancona, but Ei
Indemnity and Announces i
Vienna, Dec. 31 (via London).?The
following note, dated December 29, in
answer to the American government's
demands concerning the sinking of the
Italian steamer Ancona by an Austrian
submarine, has been delivered to Frederic
C. Penfield, the American ambassador:
"In answer to your very esteemed
note, Xo. 4,307, of the 21st instant, the
subscriber has the honor to lay the following
most respectfully before his
excellency, the ambassador of the United
States of America, Frederic Courtland
"The imperial and royal government
agrees thoroughly with the American
- - - - a
^ cabinet that tne sacrea commanuments
of humanity must be observed
also in war. Just as it has hitherto
given ai no time and to no person
occasion to doubt its respect for these
commandments, in the like manner
also in the whole course of this war,
which presents such pictures of confusion
of moral conceptions, has it
given numerous proof of humanitarian '
sentiments toward enemies as well as I
toward neutral states and it was not |
due to this government that it was, a
short time ago, not in harmony with i
the Washington cabinet precisely on a
question which it (the Austro-Hun-;
garian government) in harmony withthe
entire public opinion in AustriaHungary,
regarded as primarily a j
question of humanity.
Safety at Sea.
"The imperial and royal government j
can also substantially concur i? the
principle expressed in the very esteemed
note, that private ships, in so far as
they do not flee or offer resistance, may
not be destroyed without the persons
. \r> Knarrt hpin? hrone-ht into safety.
"The imperial and royal government j
is very responsive to the assurance j
that the federal government lays tvalue
upon seeing that t'ne good relations
which happily exist between AustriaHungary
and the United States of
America are maintained. It reciprocates
this assurance most warmly, and
is now, as heretofore, concerned to
render these relations more hearty, so
far as lies in its power.
"Guided by the same spirit or iranKness
as the government of the union,
the imperial and royal government, although
it does not find in the note
frequently referred to, the answer to
all the bright legitimate questions
submitted to it, is willing to communicate
to the federal government that!
result of the investigation which, in
accordance with existing 'department
regulations?was begun immediately
after the receipt of the fleet report on j
the sinking of the Anconda and w'nich
? ? MAA
was ju-si receuLi^. icvci*cu.
4'The result of this investigation may
be summarized as follows:
The Fatal Day.
"On 'November 7, 1915, at 11:40
A o'clock in the forenoon, the commands
B er of the submarine observed in latiA
tude 38:40 north, longitude 10:08 east,
I in foggy weather, at a distance roundly
3,000 metres and 1 point to starboard,
khe outlines of a large Italian steamer.
Be took it at first for a transport
garner and turned about and fired
Mm his rear gun a warning shot far
Kmnltaneously lie displayed the
W 'Leave the ship.' The steamer
^t stop, but rather turned aside
j^gbt to escape. Tie command
Ipst remained stopped for some
; in order to increase the disince
he feared that the steamer
tern gun and would fire at the
ine with it.
Lthe distance had reached
Bres he had the pursuit taken
ull power and fired from his
gun at a decreasing distance
Is, among which he observed
Lg the chase the steamer went
,nd stopped only after the third
I. ^U^VU wuiiuauuvi
ting the flist the steamer had
while at full speed, let fall
boats with persons in them,
immediately capsized. After
ng, the steamer began launchats.
One Boat Upset
|ii a distance of about 2,000 meft
commander saw that six
re filled and rowed hastily
the steamer. Another boat
h and boated fleel up. The
f on to the hansins: lines
Bthe fuTther approach. of the
Khe commander saw that a
I reigned aboard and that
al with a passenger steamS
the Ancona, from Genoa.
Re gave the occupants of
B more time than was re
t Admits Fault
' of Charges of Inhumanity in
cpresses Willingness to Pay
Punishment of Commander
' quired to leave the ship in lifeboats.
"At last ten lifeboats were still
aboard, which would have more than
sufficed for the rescue of the persons
ctill ahnarrJ Orp nf Mtpsa boats liuns:
full of people, half turned outward on
"Since, however, except for this, no
further move was made to lower boats, i
the commander decided after a lapse |
of 45 minutes, to torpedo the ship in j
such a manner that it would remain !
a considerable time afloat, in order that!
on the one band he getting of the j
people into the lifeboats should be j
hastened, and that, on the other, an!
opportunity should remain for rescu- j
ing persons still aboard. Xot until 1:20 j
o'clock did it sink, after a lengthy par- j
allel settling, with the bow first.
Blames the Crew.
"During these further 45 minutes all i
persons yet aboard could have been j
| saved without difficulty with the boats i
j still on hand.
"From the fact that this, contrary j
i to his expectations, was not done, the I
commander concluded that the crew, j
contrary to all seamen's customs, had!
accomplished their own rescue with i
1 the first boats and abandoned to them-!
' selves the passengers entrusted to!
' their protection. '
'VPhe weather at the' time of fne in- j
cident was flood and the sea calm, S0j
that the lifeboats would hane reached!
the nearest coast without danger, as
indeed the lifeboats actually were dam|
aged only by the unskilled lowering,
V..* ? ? * (* +VlrtTT "rtorl lOf TT!/->"b" fhal
UUL 1HJI dllCl OilCJ xxctu I?1 uvu wv
"The loss of human lives is in the j
first instance by no means ascribable
to the sinking of the ship, but, and
in all probability in a much higher
i measure, to the rapid lowering (hinunterwerfen)
of the boats during full
speed, as well as to the fact that the
crew, concerned only for itself, did not
rescue the passengers of the capsized J.
"It is also probably ascribable to j
shoes which hit the fleeing vessel, but |
me aeam 01 persuus wxm csana. wim
the steamer is also, above all, ascribable
to the disloyal conduct of fae
Denies .Some Charges.
"As appears from the above adduced
scate of affairs, the very esteemed note'
of December 9 is based in many
points on incorrect premises. Information
reaching the United .States
.government that solid shot was immediately
fired towards the steamer is
incorrect; it is incorrect that the submarine
overhauled the steamer during
the chase; it is incorrect that only a
brief period was given for getting the
people into the boats.
"On the contrary, an unusually long
period was granted to the Ancona for
getting the people into the boats.
"On the contrary, an unusually long
period was granted to the Ancona for
getting passengers in the boats.
"Finally, it is incorrect that a number
of shells were fired at the steamer
after it had stopped.
"Tne facts of the case demonstrate
further that t'ne commander of the
submarine granted the steamer a full!
45 minutes' time, that is more than an
adequate time to give the persons
aboard an opportunity to take to the
boats. Then, since the people were
not all saved, he carried out the tor
>- . _ * + rsViiii
peaomg in sucn a mauuw luai mc aa-ny
could remain aboive water the longest
possible time, doing this with the purpose
of making possible the abandonment
of the vessel on boats still in
"Since the ship remained a further
45 minutes above water, he would have
accomplished iiis purpose if the crew
of the Ancona had not abandoned the
passengers in a manner contrary to
Made a Mistake.
"With full consideration, however,
of this conduct of the commander,
aimed at accomplishing the rescue of
the crew and passengers, the imperial
and royal marine authorities reached
the conclusion that he had omitted to
take adequately into consideration the
panic which had broken out among
the passengers, which rendered difficult
the taking to the boats,- and the
I onirit- thp regulation that imperial
and royal marine officers shall fail
in giving help to nobody in need, not
even to an enemy.
"Therefore, the officer was punished,
in accordance with the existing rules,
for exceeding his instructions.
"The imperial and royal government,
in the face of this state of affairs, does
not hesitate to draw the corresponding
conclusions respecting the indemnification
of American citizens affected
by the sinking of the prize, but in
this regard it makes the following
"The investigation into the sinking
of the Ancona could naturally furnish
no essential point to show in liow far
a right <o an indemnity is to be granted
American citizens. The imperial
and royal government can not, indeed,
even according to the niew of the
Washington cabinet, be held liable for
damages which resulted from the un
doubtedl'y justified bombardment of
the fleeing ship.
"It should just as little have to answer
for the damage which came to
pass before the torpedoing of the ship,
through faulty lowering of lifeboats
or capsizing of the lowered boats.
Asks For Proofs.
"The imperial and royal government
must assume thai the Washington
government is in a position and disposed
to give it (the Austro-Hungarian
government) the required and cer
tainly not unimportant information in
"If, however, because cf possible
lack of material proof the particular
circumstances under which American
citizens suffered damage should not
have become k..own to the union government,
the government in consideration
deeply regrettable incident and
actuated by a desire to proclaim once
again in its friendly feeling toward ihe
federal government would be glad
willingly to disregard this gap in the
evidence and to extend indemnities
also to those damaged whose cause
can not be established.
"While the imperial and royal government
may probably consider the
affair of the Ancona as settled with
the foregoing statements, it reserves
to itself at this time the right to bring
up for discussion at a .later period the
different questions of international
law connected with, submarine warfare.
"The undersigned has the honor to
request most respectfully that his excellency,
the ambassador of the United
States of America, will be pleased
to brine the foregoing to the attention
of the federal government and takes
advantage of this opportunity to renew
to his excellency an expression
of his most especial esteem.
TVEDS COLUMBIA GIRL
Miss Drury Yanglian and Mr. E. A.
Fellers Are Married.
Mr. E. A. Fellers of Silverstreet and
Miss Drury Vaughan of Columbia were
married on Wednesday, December 29,
by the Rev. H. A. iMcCullough of Columbia,
the ceremony being performed
in the pastor's study. The couple left
immediately for Silverstreet, where
they will make their future 'iiome.
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What Ould Be Got,
A drunk got out a taxicab at a rail
way station, lurched to a ticket window,
touched his opera hat and said:
"Give me a?hie?return, please."
'IWthere do you want to go to?" said
the ticket agent impatiently.
The drunk stroked his chin and considered
a minute. Then he said with
a polite smile:
"What?hie?trains hajve you?"?Exchange.
You know how bad roads will be
next February if nothing is done. To
keep them from being so bad, see your
county road authorities and get them
to start a svstem of dragging, paying
farmers to do the work.?The Progressive
This it a prescription prepared especially
for MALARIA or CHILLS &, FEVER.
Five or six doses will break any case, and
if taken then as a tonic the Fever will not
return. It acts on the liver better than
Calomel and does not gripe or sicken. 25c
To Drive Out Malaria
And Build Up The System
Take the Old Standard GROVE'S
TASTELESS chill TONIC. You know
What you are taking, as the formula is
printed on every label, showing it is
Quinine and Iron in a tasteless form.
The Quinine drives out malaria, the
Trou builds up the system. SO cent!
| right toba
! when you fire-up sc
Prince Albert in y
old jimmy pipe or i:
makin's cigarette. J
you know it! Can't
in wrong with P. A. f<
is made right; madf
spread- smoke- sunsl:
among men who h
suffered with scorc
tongues and parcJ
throats! The pater
process fixes that?;
cuts out bite and paj
All day long you'll s
how glad you are yoi
You take this testimony s
You can smoke a barrel o:
out all the tobacco hapj
about, it's so smooth and
ful thing to be on talkingtongue
at the same tit
to you sure as you pin
R. J. REYNOLDS TOBA<
THE NEWS OF POMABIA.
Special to The Herald and News.
Pomaria, Jan. 3.?On the evening of
the 28th a beautiful wedding was solemnized
at the home of Mr. and Mrs.
IW. B. Boinest, when tneir oldest
j daughter, Willeeze Lorene, became the
wife or Horace t\ ix>minicK. me,
guests were ushered by Mildred Boi-;
nest into the spacious parlor, which
was decorated in green and white.
The bridal party entered in the following
order: Miss Lotfcye Lee Halfacre
with J. Walter Richardson, Miss
Grace Livingstone with H. W. Lominick,
Miss Mary Lominick wit'n W. B.
, Boinest, Jr., Miss Olo Lominick with
Olin Lominick, Miss Anna Koon with
)P. L. Boinest. Each couple separated
at the door and took their positions,
which formed a circle. The bride then
antorc/l nr. tVi a. a rim nf tha hri/i P-PTAAm
Her gown was of white serge trimmed
with fur to match. The marriage ceremony
was performed by Rev. S. C.
Ballentine, pastor of the bride. After
the ceremony the bridal party was invited
into the dining room, where an
old-fashioned supper was served.
In the center of the table stood the
bride's cake, which was in the s'nape
of a heart and beautifully trimmed.
The decorations lu-re were holly.
Many useful and handsome gifts
were received. Fifty guests were in
j vited, but only half that number were
I present, as the rain prevented t'neir
Miss Ida Ma? Setzler furnished music
for the occasion.
Mr. Lominick is a prosperous farmer.
The happy couple will make their
home at the handsome home of the
groom, formerly known as the Jo&
Keitt place. Both the bride and tiie
groom are well known throughout the
county, and have a large number of
friends who extend to them t'neir
very best wishes for a long, happy
and Drosperous journey through life
Everybody in and around here has
"had a very jolly Christmas this week
and everything passed off very quietly.
Not a single arrest was made in our
town, showing that good order was observed.
There were several marriages around
here, of which notice appears elsewhere
in this issue of the paper.
f!nl Adam L. Aull has added lights,
sewerage and water works to his nice
little home, all of which go^fe to make
home life in the country more at'
tractive and more convenient.
i Rev. Y. von A. Riser has moved
1 from the St. Paul's parsonage to the
j John. A. Summer place. His address
remains the same as before. He is
teaching the St. John's school.
There is a lot of moving in and out
this week among the darkies, and >xxme
few white people are changing.
There are lots of visitors in; an^d
around Fomaria during the Christmas^
holidays, and we are afraid we can't
It's an easy job jlimmll
:ch. to change the shape and
color of unsalable brands f
?.f-y to imitate the Prince
c> Albert tidy red tin, but
A I C tate the flavor or rnnce HiaiBBM
Albert tobacco! The ;|nlUj|1rj
patented process protects jij jj&tffl&j
al joy smoke
traight from the shoulder, men,
f P. A. without a kick! It hands
)iness any man ever dreamed
friendly. It's a mighty cheerfot-rr-io
Txrifh Trnnr nmo onrl vnirr
LWAliiU V* iUi jr VWU. UA1U J V/ UJk
rze?but that's what's coming"
your faith to Prince Albert!
CCO CO., Winston-Salem, N. C.
get them all in, but those who are left
out will have to excuse us, and we
will try and -do better next time.
Saturday was a legal holiday and
the R. F. D. men didn't have to make
their trip through the mud.
Mr. W. L. Bedenbaugh had the misfortune
to lose his best horse a few
days ago, which was taken with blind
staggers and died in a lew nours. mis >
was his driving horse and was prized
very highly by Mr. Bedenbaugh.
Dr. R. J. Johnson is adding a coat
of paint to his dwelling house, which
makes it look very pretty.
iThe exercises here in the school auditorium
were very good and the largest
audience that was ever seen in the
building, and the children did fine,
showing the? were trained and reflecting
much credit on the two teachers.
Mr. Dan IW. Kooii, who has run a
blacksmith shop here for the last several
years, has mo>ved away and Mr.
John Lyles of Helena will come and
or>cur>v the house that Mr. Koon va
There was some excitement created
by fire on the roof of the bouse on
Mr. W. W. Berly's property and occupied
by Mr. W. B. Counts, one day
last week. The fire was discovered
before it had made much headway and
was put out by carrying water and
throwing it on the blaze. The bucket
brigade did some good work.
About all the school boys and girls
, come home for the Christmas boli
Subscribers to the county papers
were very much disappointed by having
to miss a copy of the paper Miis
The R.. F. D. carriers carried out
very heavy mails from here las'f reek.
The mail was the largest ever sent
out from this office.
Mr. C. W. Shealy, who has just fin-,
ished a $70,000 Y. M. C. A, building
of ripm^Ti nollefire. is here spending I
' the holidays at his old home with his
father, Mr. Jno. D. Shealy.
Miss Ethyl Seybt, who teaches at
Nesmith, is at home for Christmas.
Miss Ida Mae Setzler, who teaches
at Hunter-DeWalt, is spending Christmas
Miss Kate Wilson, who teaches near
Chapin, is spending Christmas at
Miss Gertrude Young, who teachers
in the lower part of the state, is at
home for the holidays.
Miss Rosalin Summer, principal of
Mont Amoena seminary, is at home
for the Christmas holidays.
Mr. Johnnie Stuck, who teacher the
Summerville. school, in Lexington
county, is spending Christmas at home.
Mr. (Thomas P. Suber, who teaches
at Waterloo, is at home for Christmas, j
Miss Eugenia Hentz, -who teaches at
Star, is at home for Christmas.
| Messrs. Joel and George Berley,
teachers at ClemBon college, ^are at
home for Christmas.
Mr. Clarence Epting, who is teaching
in tie lower part of the state, is
Everywhere tobacco is 3 old 1111 fl
you'll find Prince Albert
await ir.\jg your cheerful tint* H
Buy it ia toppy red bags, 5c f J?
tidyredtins, 10c; hand?ome j ;;i
pound and half-pound hfmi~ SS
dors-*and?ui tlat cfuy M
pound cryetal-glau huntdor 1H
with sponge - moistener top JU
that keepj the tobacco soffit
at home for Christmas. ' >f|;
Miss Julia Setzler, vrio teaches His
O'Neall school, is at home for Christmas.
Miss Myrtle Epting, vho teaches at *9
Fairfax, is at home for '-he holidays. fl
Mr. Chas. Ballentme, vho teaches at jfl
the Rutherford school, is spending *9
unnsimas at noun;. _
Misses Xovic| Rae Setzler, Lois V
Hentz, Mary Cfltoapton and Juanita
Epting are ho ^^^mmerland
college for the ^aritmas holB^ys.
Messrs. Huoe; Aril, Robt.^Jrley. ifl
Hayne Folk are hcne from <?^ison
college for Chri,;mai. S
Misses Helen, and ElizabetMeientz
and Annie L-itzs1] are
Christmas at home.
Mi6s Lurline Aull ,nd Ida Yourig' are I
at home from Wintrop. : ?
iM.r. O. Breaker Stzler is at home
from Charlottesville Va., Medical col- ~
Miss Lula Lominict and Edw. Hentz
1 r , \T?rViaF?ri CUT a 1 f\
are flume uum wiioB>_
spend Christmas. v'
Miss Jessie Rutheford, who teaches
the Central school, vent to her tome
at Blairs to spend Christmas. ;||
Miss Louise Richadson, who teaches fl
at this place, wen to her home at H
Mountiville to spendthe holidays. : j
Miss Myrtle Iva largle, who teaches fl
the Pressley school went, to her home
at Leesville to spe.il the holidays. .&
Miss EtheJ CounB, w'no teaches the 9
Fork school, is at ler home at Prosperity
Miss Grace Bu?tcn Reagik and! Miss
Ella Langrton, who are teaching at
the Zion school, are spending Cfcrist!
mas at th ir homes, Miss Reagin at V
! Prosperity md <Mlss Langston at Lan- v j
Mr. MurE y Rikard, who teaches thfc 3
I Rutherfordfschool, is <X 'aome in New- J
berry for Christmas. Jk
Miss Myr^e Burke of Sumerland col- JB
mlege is v.-;iting Miss Juanita Eptrn.^. M
1 Mr. Jeff ^ikard and Wilbur Hartley Jj
: are visiting in the comunity. :'p?
j Mr. Johnf ie Long and Miss Rebecca ffl
Long of G?5enville are here spending j
the holiday3 with relatives. A
Dr. J. B/Setzler and 3?r. FolkVsit~^^B
ed in the <ommunity Friday. Um^
Misses .'ra Belle Riser, Lo ShH
and Mr. Robt. Lee Riser of ifl
[Mountain xre visiting relatives in I
I amiinri PoTJ^ria. I
Mr. Jeff rfrU is Tinting his
Mr. A. L. J^ll, near Pomaria.
Mr. Ja>/-k Shealy of Columbfl^^^^|
(visiting Jlj atives in Pomaria.
Mrs. T I*. Shealy has returned m
ColumKfeflJw'here she and her two M
1 Ernes'^ sfd Horace, went tt> &9
! Christmas *
^ AT* A UfAots
Miss V?rme u&rLxz cmm
| leen Counts of Little Mountain are?
I iting in Pomaria.
i Mr. J. B. Johns of Chariot?
visiting tis brotheg^r. Roy J. jfl
sou". * J I
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