Newspaper Page Text
Addressing Scientific Congre
States' Attitude as One o
Unity Among Republics
?A athington, Jan. 6.?The United
Slates government's Pan-American
policy was detailed by President Wilson
in an address before the s.-cond
Pan-American Scientific congress. He
explained the proposal submitted to
South and Central American diplomats
here last week by Secretary Lansing
as a basis for an effective agreement
between all the republics of t'ne western
hemisphere "not only for international
peace of Ameica but the domestic
peace of America.'*
This program, as outlined by the
president, proposes that all the American
nations shall co-operate in guaranteeing
to each other absolute independence
and territorial integrity.
Agree to handle all disputes arising
among them by patient, impartial investigation
and to settle them by arbitration.
"These are ivery practical suggestions."
said the president, "and I for
my part believe that they are going
to lead the world to something tha:
America has practiced for many a
Not Enough for Tliem.
He said the Monroe doctrine always
had been and always would be maintained
by the United States on its own
authority but that the doctrine did not
disclose what attitude the United
States would assume towards other
nations of the hemisphere and consequently
the other nations had been
distrustful of it.
-L J J.-L. _ T<o.
Applause greeted iue ?n traiucn<- o a v,
marks. Eduardo Suaretz Mujica, ambassador
of Chile and president of the
congress, introduced Mr. Wilson as
a statesman who has radically changed
t%e nature of the relations of the
i-.c^'cs of this continent and has built
mutual ei.'em and cc-operation. at
this .?erv moment praised and applauded
by the whole continent.
Domicio da Gama, ambassador 01
Brazil, translated Ambassador Suarez's
introductory remarks into Spanish
amidst applause from the Latin-Americans.
Mrs. Wilson made, her first public
appearance in Washington tonight as
the president's wife. With. Miss Margaret
Wilson she occupied a box almost
over the spreaker's platform.
After expressing regret at his inability
to be p;esei:t to greet the congress
at its opening session the president
At L si Drawing Together.
""I have been told so much about |
the proceedings of this congress that
I feel that I can congratulate you 0:1
the increasing sense of comradeship
and intimate intercourse which has
? marked its sessions from day to day;
and it is a very happy circumstance
in our view that this, perhaps the
most vital and successful of the meetings
of this congress, should have occurred
in the capital of our own coun*
* # Tno drawins: together of
irj. ^ ?w
the Americans has long been dreamed
of ai.d desirjd. It is a matter of peculiar
gratification, therefore, to see
this great thing happen: to see the
Americas drawing together and not
drawing together upon any insubstantial
foundation of mere sentiI
fter all. even friendship must be
based upon a perception of common
sympathies, of common interest, of I
common ideals and of common pur-'
poses. Men can not be fritnds un[.
less they intend the same things, and
I the Americas have mo e and more reL
"alized that in all essential particulars
ft winch to express this community of
To be privileged, therefore, to see this
drawing together in friendship and
| -communion based upon these solid
foundations a:'urut> ocx.. Viiv |
looks on with open eyes peculiar satisfaction
and joy; and it has seemed to
' ( me that the language of science, the
language of impersonal thought, tne
language of those who think. * * *
was a 'very fortunate language in
they intend the same things. * * *
interest and of sympathy.
f Must Pass Artificial Bounds.
I <*'<Bnt, ladies and gentlemen, our
i thought can not pause at thp artificial
I "boundaries of the fields of science and
L of commerce. All boundaries that di^
^vide life into sections and interests
-11 - ? A
I are artificial because me is an 01 a
piece. * * * Xo one who reflects
upon the progress of science or the
spread of the arts of peace or the extension
and perfection of any of the
practical arts of life can fail to see
that there is only one atmosphere that
these things can breathe, and that is
_an atmosphere o mutual confidence
I and of peace and of ordered political
r life among the nations. Amidst war
and revolution even the voice of . sci
ss, Wilson Outlines United
f Striving for Peace and
of Western Hemisphere.
j ence must for tne part be silent. For
nothing stirs passion like political disj
turbance, and passion is the enemy of
"These things were realized with
peculiar vividness ana said witn unusual
eloquence in a recent conference
held in this city for the purpose
j of considering the financial relations
between the two continents of Ameri
ca. * * * A financial cong-:ess natj
urally led to all the inferences of politics.
For politics I conceive to be
" - " - - _ _ 1? 1L
nothing more tnan tne science 01 uie
ordered progress of society along the
lines of greatest usefulness and convenience
"The conference to which I have referred
marked the consciousness of
the two Americas that economically
they are very dependent upon ane another,
that they have a great deal that
it is very desirable they should ex- j
* " ?:ii. ~ * "U ^
change ana snare wuu uu? auuLuci,
that they have kept unnaturally and
unfortunately separated and apart
when they should manifest an obvious
community of interest; and the object
of that conference was to ascertain
the practical means by which the
commercial and political intercourse
of the two continents could be quickened
and facilitated. And where
events move, statesmen, if they be not
indifferent, be not asleep, must trunk
and act. * * *
The Keal In sis.
"But these gentlemen have not conferred
without realizing that back of
all the material community of interest
of which I have spoken there lies
and must lie a community of political
interest. I have been told a very interesting:
fact?I hope it :s true?that
while txiis congress has been discuss
ing science it has been in spite of itself
led into the feeling that behind
rhe science there was some influence
with regard to politics, and that if the
Americas were to be united in though:
they must in some degree sympathetically
be united in action. Wnat these
statesmen who have, been conferring
from month to month in Washington
I have come to realize is that back of the
' ommunity of material interest there
is a community of political interest.
"I hope I can make c7ear to you in
what si-nse I use those words. I do
not mean a mere parine;sliip in the
things that are expedient. I mean what
I was trying to indicate a few moments
j ago, that you can not separate politics
i from these things, thaf you can not
hav? real intercourse of any kind
amidst political jealousies, which is
only another way of saying you can
not ccmmune unless you are friends,
and that friendship is based upon your
political relations with each oi:her, perhaps
more than upon any other kind
of relationship between nations.
"If nations are politically suspicious;
of one another all their intercourse is j
?mbarrassed. iThe object of American
statesmanship on the two continents is,
to ?e? to it that "American friendship
:s founded on a rock.
"The Mon'oe doctrine was pro-'
claimed by the United States on her
own authority. It always has been
maintained and always will be mainlined
upon her own responsibility.
But t'n? Monroe doctrine demanded
merely that European governments
should not attempt to extend their
political system to this side of the Atlantic.
It did not disclose the use
which the Tni'ed States intended to
make of her power on this side of
the Atlantic. It was a hand held up
in warning, but there was no promise
*" '< ^ Ar>iA:iV.o U'O ?? 0"A1T"1 O" f n
Ill 11 U1 \Wldt Aiuc;iva >> cto ?,iv
1o with the implied and partial protectorate
which she apparently was
trying to set up on this side of the
water, and I believe you will sustain
me in the statement that it has been
fears and suspicions oil this score;
which have hitherto presented the
trust between the Americas. The States
of America have not been certain what
the United States would do with her
power. This doubt must be removed. |
"And latterly there has been a ivery j
frank interchange of views between j
the authorities in /Washington and
those who represented the other
states of this hemisphere, an interchange
of views charming and hopeful,
because based upon an increasingIv
sure appreciation of the spirit in
| which they were undertaken. These
gerticmen have seen that if America
ris to come ::;to "her own, into her
legitimate c^n. in a world of peace
and order, she musr establish the
foundations of am!ty so that no one
will hereafter doubt them.
Must Unite in Guarantees.
"I 'hope and I believe that this can
V.O. n r>nr\-m i-vl 1 ell O-d ThPSfl <Wnf-&rAIlfi&S
uc avwiayiiw^vv., * ?v^v/ ?
have voab4ed me to foresee- irovr it
will be accomplish'd. It will be acI
ccmplished in the iV=t place by the
States of America uniting in guarante^:ng
lo o.icii ('-her absolute political;
in-.iepen.lence yr.ci ier'viorial integrity, i
In the second piact, and as a necessarv j
coriolary to that, guaranteeing the1
agreement that all pending boundary
disputes among themselves, should j
tney unnappiiy arise, win De nanaien:
by patient, impartial investigation and j
settled by arbitration, and the agree
raent necessary to the peace of the:
Americas that no state of either continent
will permit revolutionary expe-i
tidtions against another state to be
fiitted out on. its territory and thai they,
will prohibit the exportation of munitions
of war for the purpose of sup- j
plying revolutionists against neighboring
"You see what our thought is, gen-;
tlemen, not only the innational peace j
of America, but the domestic peace ol i
America. If American states are con-!
stantly in foment, there will be a^
j standing threat in their relations with
j one another. It is just as much to our
interest to assist each other to the
orderly processes within our own bor-1
ders as it is to orderly processes in I
our controversies with one another.!
These are very practical suggestions
which have sprung up in the minds of :
thoughtful men and I for my part be- j
lieve that they are going to lead the i
way to something that 'American has :
j praised for many a generation. * * * j
They are based upon the principles of i
absolute political equality among the ;
states. They are based, in short, upon
the solid, eternal foundations of justice
j "Xo man oan turn away from these i
things without turning away from the ;
hope of the world. These are things, I
ladies and gentlemen, for which the
world has hoped and waited with
prayerful heart. God grant that it may
be granted to America to lift this light
| on high for the illumination of the
i I n
I a r it _ n_ i
a rew nours i\eai \
Pleasure in the
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sewing real pleasures
these evenings. j
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makes it easy to !
keep clean. You
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Use Aladdin Security
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I ? Lubricant
Standard Hand Separator
I Mica Axle Grease
I Eureka Harness Oil
I Matchless Liquid Gloss
i If your dealer does not
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The question of the object of a
country paper is one that is answered
in th. minds of arious people accord-j
ing to their respective views, and the J
views of many of them are necessarily j
influenced by their respective inter-;
ests or environments. !
Seme people tiiink that the country |
newspaper is printed for the benefit!
of advertisers. Some think that the I
promotion of the private political in-!
terests of individuals or a particular!
corection of individuals is the reason. :
Some think that the country m-wspa.per
should have no other end than the
promotion of business interests, and
others think it should devote itself to
booming the town in which it is printed.
There are so many different ideas
on the subject that it is impossible to
mention them all.
These remarks are suggested by an
incident that occurred in the business
office of this paper a few days ago.
The story is suggestive of "shop," and
really is somewhat al'ong that line;
but it will bear telling anyway, even
A traveling man. representative of a
well known advertising concern, camej
in to talk about making a contract
He had about him a self-sufficient air
that seemed to give out the impression
that he felt that the editor should
take off his hat and look humble. Indeed,'
iiis attitude seemed to suggest
the 'simile of a fellow holding up a
piece of beef for a dog to jump at.
the. editor being the dog. If he had
the faintest realization that he was
on a business mission, it seemed to be
his special effort to keep the fact concealed.
"What do you g:^t for advertising
space by rhe inch?" lie asked.
"Depends upon how much you
want, how frequently you want it, and
.mont' f "i tv* n o vaii txtq nt if
11V/W LUlCIIIJ XiJUItO J \J U II Ulll. it tu>.v. vvu,
"Oh, I just want this little ad, that
takes up about 3 inches. It is all eleC'
trotyped, and you won't have asy type
to set. How much for a mont'n?"
"One dollar an inch for the first insertion,
and 50 cents an inch for each
"Whoopee! I do not want to buy
your paper. I will pay no such price
"The paper is not for sale. You were
not asked to pay tne price, iou askea
what tfce price was and you were told;
"Why, 1 got t'nat ad in the paper
ever at . for $2.40, and the paper
at did not charge me but
"We are not running those papers."
"But the editor of the said
he had 3,400 circulation. What is
"Someihing over 2,000."
"And you want to charge me five
times as much as he does when he has
so much more circulation?"
"I have already told you that T am
not running the , and as for
circulation, I would not give you the
space you ask for at any less rate if
my circulation was only 1,000."
"And you mean to tell me that you
^Vio^i-DTtkore 1 iVA
cuarse <111 ^oui uiun au>vi ?
"For the same service I do; but most
of them make t'neir contracts by the
year, and get the lowest rate we have
"How much for this by the year?"
'"Three inches twice-a-week, one
year, $45. If you find anybody who
has gotten it for less we will give it
to you for nothing."
"But I do not want mine for more
than a month." .
"WelK if you rake it you will have
to pay tile- rate for a month."
"Suppose 1 would take it for a year,
wou'd you give me top of column, next
to reading matter?"
"Xo, run of advertising columns,
with no special position guaranteed."
"Say, brother, you do not print your
paper for advertisers, do you?" This
with an implied taunt that seemed to
say, "You've got to come down out of
that perch, or you don't get any busi
ness out of me."
"Yes, and no." was the reply of the
editor. "Yes, in the sense that you
would have me believe that you want
to pay for this advertisement purely
to swell my personal bank account and
without regard to the business you
hope to get. Xo, in the sense that I
realize that unless I make my paper
worth while to my readers, you would
not regard my advertising space as
worth the price you are willing to pay
for it, much less the price I have quoted
"And you say you do not count circulation?"
"On the contrary, I count it very
much. I count it everything, both, to
you and me; but when I say circulation,
I mean circulation. I mean the
people who think enough of the Enquirer
to want to read it. Most of them
show tneir appreciation by their will
ingness to pay for it. Others put
themselves to considerable trouble to
borrow it. Both classes are of the
kind that you want to reach, particu >
larly those who subscribe and pay, and
you can not reach these people to as
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RY, S. C.
SALE OF PERSONAL PROPERTY.
Notice is hereby given that, as administrator
of Mrs. .'Texanna Sub^r,
deceased, I will sell at her late residence
on Tuesday, January 25, 1916,
the following personal property of the
deceased, beginning at 11 a'clock a. m.:
Peas, oats, 'nay, corn, fodder, mules,
plow stocks, household and kitchen
furniture, etc. Also three shares of
Terms of sale: Cash.
W. H. SUBER,
NOTICE TO PAY LICENSE.
All agents, dealers, manufacturers,
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shops, merchants and all other businesses
of whatsoever kind are hereby
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Jtsy oraer oi uuuuwi.
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