i tolott Lin. XCXBEJI 1-, ~ XEWBEHK. ? < - T.:E.SI?AV. KKBR.M.rv^. ' ~~ "twice a week, m a yeah.
* Daylight Su
* - REVIEW OF WURiv OF
^r4irnif afO. umu
important me\sh:ks which
State Levy Six and One-Half Mills, j
iiut Lartre Amount Authorized
to Be Borrowed.
(By .1X0. Iv AULL.)
Special to The Herald and XewsT
Columbia, Feb. 21.?Witxi the iegis-,
I iative clocks registering somewhere j
K nround 11 o'clock Saturday night, the!
general assembly got through with
the work of the 1916 session and ad-1
- * - j:* ?*. " 9" Anb r\t? I
journea sine uit* ctt w i.iuvn uu i
Sunday morning. An effort was made j
in the senare between 11 and 12 j
o'clock Saturday night to adjourn un- j
til Monday, so as not to work on Sun- j
* day, but it failed. The motion was \
made by Senator John stone, of New. J
B berry, and urged by Senator Sharpe !
r of Lexington. The members, however, j
were determined <o get through with i
$he work and go home.
The Appropriation Bill.
? The free conference report on the j
VwCIl n'Od r.Anoi \ hpfnrp
Spprupi let 11UII UiH v> ao 1 v.u w*v? v |
midnight, and was adopted in both}
houses. The bill then had to be pre- j
pared in the engrossing department |
and sent to Gov. Manning. As finally j
ratified, it fixed the State levy at six ;
and one-half mills, carrying approxi-;
i mately ?2 477,."J1.29. The levy is af
' half mill* less than last year, while the :
amyjat is $14,000 larger. .The con-1
ference committee cut $50,000 out of j
the State hospital extension work ap- j
- ? r\r\ nr\r\ v,.+ J
propriation, maKing 11 ;?jluv,uuu. uu.
allowed the governor to borrow an
additional $50,000 if it should be found
necessary. The fund for prohibition '
enforcement remained at $50,000, to be
borrowed if necessary. The salary of
Lthe superintendent of the State hospital
for the insane was fixed at $6000,
the conference committee adopting
the senate amendment in this re
Arad. Twenty-five thousand aonars is
B> be borrowed, if necessary, 'to pay
Bie federal government for lost militia
The session was enaracterized by
|W drastic laws dealing with the liquor
' " traffic. The prohibition act which
was submitted to the people in. the
general election last fall was re-en
acted, to prevent any cloud resting
upon the legality of the statute in any
^ possible future contest. The amount
which any person in the State may order
during any calendar month was
cut down from a gallon to two quarts,
but one may order 60 pints of beer in i
lieu of the two quarts. ;The measure
first contained a provision that any
amount of liquor carried in a suit- j
case or traveling bag would require'
-~o- travpline basr ro be la- j
IU c CUI C V, UOV V/ * v* V< 0 w
r belled io the effect that it contained j
liquor. This section was finally cut
out. as was also the portion of the bill
^ which would have prohibited a man
from giving a drink to nis friend.
I The Liles measure which makes the j
| puiiishment for selling liquor a;
I straight chain gang sentence, without!
the alternative of a fine, was ratified, j
B and has been signed by the governor.
.Mr. Liles being presented with the pen
with which the act was signed. Early
in the session an act was passed making
drunkenness on the highway a
g misdemeanor. Heretofore, in order to
constitute a misdemeanoi, the drunk5'
ences sad to be accompanied by some
jf|' disorderly conduct but no disorderly!
F conduct is necessary now. An act was
also passed to inclide "go-betweens"
I in liquor purchases.
b^| Then, the legislature has placed
$.">o 000 at the disposal of the governor j
W to enforce the prohibition law. True
[ it is not a direct appropriation, the
governor bein^ authorized to borrow
~ " J
ine Die At ;
it if i: rs .vy, which means that the.
Sr::;o \ h;4ve to pay interest on the J
amount ? :,d uk* next legislature will I
hi ve ro L; r.r ;he burden of fixing a
ievy t, -over such expenditure a? may
be n!ade. This is also true as to any !
amount which may he borrowed for j
(he State hospital and the militia.
It is not yet a crime jo take a drink, j
but under a strict construction of the i
act. it is pretty nearly a crime to keep '
the two quarts one may order after j
he gets it.
Lei't-ovfr I>ispfiis?iry Stocks.
For a while it looked as if the counties
waich hart left-over dispensary i
stocks were going to be allowed to
keep thrm without any measure being
provided for their disposal, but j
finally local bills began to be intro- j
duced providing for the disposal o\ j
these stocks, and every county gov '
through its measure allowing the i**ft- j
over stocks to be sold a; wholesale
in wet territory outside the StaJe.
Mr. J. K. Breedin who was largely
interested in the prohibition election
x - ~ f'n a r?f hr.r
last fall, issued a srau'iiit-m mu vn?v. .
(?3y in which he pointed out thai tampering
with the law as it was ratified
by the people last September was
dangerous in that it would tend to
breed discontent and put the question I
of prohibition back into a political;
campaign?or words to that effect. The !
legislature, however, did not seem disposed
to see it that way. and every
measure making the liquor laws more
stringent found ready support both in
ihe house and in the senate.
About the only one that did not gei '
ill rough was the Carlisle bill, which i
passed the senate, but failed in the j
house, prohibiting the newspapers
from publishing whiskey advertisements.
ifonstitutfonal Amendments FuilW.
The three constitutional amend-,
ments of State wide importance which j
were offered during the session all |
failed. They were as follows:
To submit to the people a constitutional
amendment providing for woman
To submit to the people a constitu-1
tional amendment allowing divorce in j
To submit to the people a constitutional
amendment for biennial sessions
of the general assembly.
None of the proposed amendments
could secure the necessary two-thirds
in either house.
Among the "administration" ni*as
*-o fin-QC thp ant
ures wnicii wcic iamivu ..^
providing for the Torrens system of
land registration, which is optional at
this time; the measure for a board of
conciliation to act in disputes between
capital and labor; the McCullough
(iiild labor bill, prohibiting the working
of children under 14 years of age.
in mills, mines or textile establishments.
after the first ot' next year, and
the strengthening of the tax com- i
i? Elinor f/>r .j hr?a rd i
mission at.'l miruuni^ t\ji li ,
of review. This board of review was j
in the act as it was passed last year, j
but in some manner was lost out of the j
bill before it went to the governor for j
The McCuilr;i2h child labor bill as
if was finally ratified is a marvel in
brevity. It concains exactly 23 words.
It simply provides that after the first
day of January. 1917, no child under .
the age of 14 years shall be employed j
in any mill, mine or textile establish- i
ment in South Carolina.
iThe workmen's compensation act,
which was one of the "administration"
measures, failed of passage. The employers'
liability act, however, was
passed. This act follows the federal
statute and makes that sfatute effective
in South Carolina. It eliminates
the doctrine of contributory negligence
of employees and also eliminates
punitive damages. The representatives
in the legislature of the 1 a4
Coring people were favorable to this
measure, but opposed the workmen's
Weekly Pay in 31111s.
Oil the last day of the session the
oil! was passed and ratified requiring
weekly pay days in mills. -'The representatives
in the legislature of the
ianoring element were iiiients?-'iy mtrested
in this hill, and are very
proud of its passage.
Driving Out flu* Southeastern.
One oi the hardest lights of the entire
session was on the measure prohibiting
insurance combinations for
the purpose of fixing fire insurance
rates. This bill was aimed directly at
rlip Southeastern Tariff association,
and tho State warehouse system figared
largely in its discussion. Trie
bill was not introduced at the instance
of the warehouse commission r,
but during the fighi for ami
against the bill the commissioner was |
day afler day summoned before committees.
There is no doubt that
the reduction in fire insurance
secured by the commissioner
outside of the Soctheastern and the
refusal of the Southeastern to work
with tho commissioner in thp protec;ion
of S*::te cotton had a great deal
to do with the passage of the bill.
There was a clear majority in the
Iioiisp of some 22 members lor the
jihnlirinn of tho Southeastern. On |
Thursday night the members who
were trying to save the Southeaster:
instituted a filibuster which kept the
house in session until after 3 o'clock
Friday morning. but the majority
against them was determined, and the
bill was shoved through by main
force. During (his filibuster Speaker
vHoyt was firm in his rulings, and re-|
ec*?d a great deal of credit upon
himself by the manner in which he
handled a most difficult situation.. The
bill was nilored through the senate by
Senator Laney of Chesterfield, and
through the house by Mr. Odom of
Chesterfield, and the agricultural committee.
Ttie bill was ratified and sent to the
governor 011 Saturday night. It pro- j
hibits combinations of insurance companies
for the purpose of fixing rates;
provides for a review of rates- by the
insurance commissioner, subject to
summary court review; exempts the
Mill Mutuals and Factory Insurance
association, and provides that nothing
contained in the act shall be held to i
interfere with any insurance placed |
by or througn tne state wareuuuae
State Warehouse Commissioner.
The strength of the State warehouse
commissioner was clearly evidenced
during the session. On the part of
some there was opposition to him and
to the system, but practically every
request which he made of the legislature
was granted. In fact, it may be
stated with truth that prohibition and
warehouse system were tne aoiuiuaui
issues in the South Carolina legislature
of 1916. They had no connection
and there was no attempt to con-1
nect them and their being mention^*!
together is not intended to convey
this meaning. What is meant to be
conveyed is the fact, as shown by t'ne
rocords. that 011 every issue joined affccting
prohibition or the warehouse
system, either commanded an overwhelming
majority of both house and
There \va? only one measure which
was advocated by the warehouse commissioner
for the benefit of the farm- j
ers which failed of passage. This was
the Beattie-Laney graders' bill. Thi6
bill would have enforced the federal
standards in South Carolina, and
have increased the annual value of
the cotton crop to the farmers by at
least a million dollars each year. The
bill was killed in the senate before
it reached the "house.
It may be interesting to note now
I the members from Newberry noted on
l the bill to drive the Southeastern
| trust out of the State. On the passage
of the bill in the senate there
i was no opposition. In the house Mr.
i Workman voted for the fill (to drive
the Southeastern out) and Messrs.
Mower and Chapman voted against
the bill (to allow the Southeastern to;
remain in the State). Over i nthe sen-'
ate when the bill went back for concurrence
in the house amendments, a
test vote was had. and seven of the
senators voted for non-concurrence.
' > ' * ?t *K_ ixjii
wnicn WOUKl pill lilt; uui 111 ticci
conference and permitted another
fish: in the house. TYio senator from
Xewberrv was among those seven.
Rural Credits Delayed.
The enactment of a rural credits j
system was delayed for another year,'
but a committee was appointed consisting
of three members of the house
and three members of the senate to
compile d&ta and to make recommendation
ro the next session of the gen- j
eral assembly. The senate commit- j
tee is composed cf Messrs. Williams,
of Lancaster, Johnstone, of Xewherry.
and Sherard, of Anderson.# The
house committee is composed of]
Messrs, Toole. L. M. Rogers and Huff-J
The Public Printery.
The special committee on printing,
nnmnncorl nf ?!r> T") Ji f O T!? TvP11
11 1 11 1 O ^V/UI^WO\.U V> i- K^. w.w-x, . . |
and Christensen and Representatives
Cothran and Arnold, have elected W.
R. Bradford, a representative in the
nouse from York county, and a practical
and experienced newspaper man
and printer, dark. Under l he terms
of the new printing bill, Mr. Bradford"?
duties will be to supervise the lettisg
of all contracts for the public print- j
ing. His active duties will be for five ;
months, for which he will receive a
salary of $1,000. Mr. Bradford is one
- < n. t. naive nonar niPtl in
oi jut1 nt*M i\m/v?n ?? o|?? |
the State, and the committee was for-J
tunate in securing nira as clerk, for
he is not only efficient, but believes in
rigid economy, and will undoubtedly
sane a great deal of money for the tax-1
Senator Christeneeu is the chairman
of the committee, and the next
meeting will be in Columbia on March j
The New Judicial i ircuit
The general assembly added Another
judicial circuit to the thirteen circuits
of the State. The new arrangement
leaves Charleston in a circuit by
herself, and makes a new circuit of
the counties of Colleton, Hampton.
Beaufort and Jasper counti.es. Solicitor
Peurifoy, who has heretofore
served as solicitor of die old ninth
circuit, which included Charleston, is
moved to the new circuit, and Gov.
Manning has appointed Mr. W. S.
Grimball, of Charleston, solicitor of
the ninth, or Charleston circuit.
Following ttie declination ui rtepicsentative
George Warren, of Hampton,
who was elected over his protest
as judge of the new 14th circuit, th#
general assembly elected Mr. James
E. Peurifoy of Walterboro, a brother
of Solicitor Peurifoy, who will be the
solicitor of the new circuit. So that
t the judge and the solicitor of the new
circuit are brothers. Mr. Peurifoy
J * /
was opposed for election by Mr. W. B.
i rimhpr of Walterboro, but Mr.
Peurifoy received a substantial majority
of the joint assembly. The appropriation
bill carried $~v">00 on acoi:nt
of the new circuit.
Thr legislature added another county
to the 44 counties of the State, provided
the case now pending in the supreme
court is not adverse to the new
county on the legal aspect of the matter.
Governor Manning on Saturday
signed the new county measure. There
was very little opposition in the legislature
to the formation of MoCcrmick
county. -There were a number of
gentlemen before the committee of the
senate in advocacy of the new county.
Abuse of Free Scholarships.
A stringent resolution directing the
State board of charities to investigate
the financial standing of those
eniovins: free scholarships in the
State's educational institutions, was
adopted as the outcome of t'ne fight
in }he general assembly against the
abuse of free scholarships. The board
of charities is to look into the financial
condition of fhr scholarship holders.
their parents, guardians and other
persons liable under tne law for their
support,' and to make report to fhe
board of .rustees of each institution.)
It is made ;he duty of tnese boards to
act upon the report submitted to them
and to revoke or allow the beneficiary
scholarships or free tuition as in their
I judgment the justice of eacn case may
| require. The law does not affect free
| scholarships now held,
j Closing Scenes.
When the gavels of Lieutenant j
J Governor Bethea and Speaker James!
I A. Hoyt fell for the last time and the !
I members of the general assembly
rvti Snnrinv mnrnine. the
11 Wi?c vy Gfr
first streaks of dawn were visible in j
the east. The end was calm and peace- J
fu!, and t'nere was much wringing of
hands and expressions of mutual es- j
teem and friendship as [he various!
members bade one another good-bye J
and turned their faces homeward.
The entire time or oom nouses uuui
.'he moment they assembled at 8
o'clock Saturday night until they
broke up a: daylight Sunday morning
was taken up with details incident to
the clo^e. This consisted for the most i
part in adopting free conference reports
and ratifying bills. The houses
spent most of the time in recess, subject
to the call of the chair.
Muflfe in the Air.
The usual jollification scenes occu;.icd,
a large place in the final night.
The piano, which has stood for
several days in the lobby of the State
nouse, was rolled into the house of
| representatives and the members gath- j
ered around it singing the old familiar
runes which are always a feature of
the last night of the session. As the
night wore on and 'he fact ttiat the
_ --A* ?? ? . , 1 J " ^ ^ s\r\rvi r\ 1 i "7
parung wvuiu awn i.umc ????> i,
d, the songs drifted more and more
:o the sentimental, culminating in the
patriotic. A tnrill went throughout
ihe house when the group around the
piano broke imo the national anthem,
and the feeling found its climax in the
outburst of handclapping and cheering
when "Dixie"' was heard.
Representatives Beckett, of Beau|
fort, with his violin accompanied the
piano, greatly to the enjoyment and j
pleasure of the throng.
There were several mock sessions
of the senate and house during the
I aours of waiting. Senator Hughes of
[ Union, and Senator Lee, of Darlington,
led the fun-making in the senate, and
the clever maner in which they got
| off hits on the various senators was
fully appreciated by the crowd. Read!
ing Clerk Hitchinson, of the house,
1 was called in to act as reading clerk
| of the senate at the mock session and
I this he did in his usual happy way.
I He was particularly good in his bur
lesque bills on the pet -subjects
which various senators have kept to
the front during the session.
On the house side Representative
Odom. of Chesterfield, and Representative
Massey of Lancaster, were the
j spc-aKers lor rue muciv scaowu, a,?u
:hey are a good team.
Winding: I'p the Business.
There were several resolutions put
through just before final adjournment.
The senate concurred in the
house resolution requesting the senaators
and congressmen from this
state ro vote for the bill now before
congress to pension Confederate soldires
and their widows.
The following senate appointments
I of various committees for the ensuing
year were announcd by President
Committee on penal and charitable
institutions?Senator Geo. M. Sruckey
of Lee; committee on Sfate educational
institutions?Senator Huger Sinkler
of Charleston: committee on
quarters for State officers?Senator J.
vt vivifoic nf Abheville. and Senator
T. H. Ketchin, of Fairfield; committee
to investigate rural eredits and make
i recommendation to the legislature as
j provided by resolution, session 1916?
Senator D. R. Williams of Lancaster:
Senator Alan Johnstone of Newberry;
Senator J. Tv. Sherard of Anderson;
| committee on State printing, provided
for in act of 1916?Senator Xiels
Christensen of Beaufort and Senator
C L>. Lee of Darlington.
Speaker Hoyt appointed the fcfllowing
On rural credits, Messrs. Toole, L.
M. Rogers and Huffman.
On nenal and charitable institu
Lions: Messrs. Rush and S. A. Graham.
Educational institutions: Messrs.
Berry and Wingard.
On work of the code commissioner,
Messrs. Carey and J. F. Walker, Jr.
Resolutions of Thanks.
With Senator Alan Johnstone in trie
chair, the senate adopted resolutions
thanking the presiding officer, clerk%
attaches and all others connected with
the body, for their faithfulness and devotion
to duty. The following resolution
offered by Senator Carlisle was
adopted by the senate:
Resolved. Tnat on the eve of its
adjournment, the senate desires again
to put on record its high appreciation
of the ability, courtesy and dignity
with which its president, the Hon. Andrew
J. Bethea, has discharged the
difficult and delicate duties of his office.
"Resolved, further, that the president's
official robe be presented to
the Hon. 'Andrew J. Bethea. lieutenant
The lieutenant governor was also
presnted by Senator Alan Johnstone
of Newberry, with a beautiful gold
watch fob from the attaches of tho .
senare. The lieutenant governor ia
fitting words expressed his appreciation
of the resolution and the gift.
Speaker Hoyt Thanked.
During the closing hours of the session
Speaker Hoyt, of the house, was
thanked for the ability and fairness
with which he had presided during
the session, and was presented'by the
j house with a handsome silver pitch|
er. . Chairman Liles, of the ways and
| means committee, was presented by
! the committee with two silver pieces,
I and Rpresentative Geo. M. Reid oC
Anderson county was presentd by the '
agricultural committee and the advocates
of the Laney-Odom anti-Southeastern
bill with a traveling bag taken
as a token of appreciation of bis as
distance in breaking up the 6libuster
against that measure.
It was a little past 5 o'clock when
the house attended in the senate
chamber and ratified the appropriation
and county supply bille. These were
immediately taken down to Governor
Manning. E. C. Epps, was appointed
to wait on t'ne governor and notify
him that the senate had transacted th?
business of the 1916 session and was
readv to adjourn sine die. The com
mittee returned and reported that til*
governor would communicate witb
them in a message. Close on their . ....
heel6 came Col. 0. K. LaRoque, the,
governor's private secretary, with a
| message which was read in person by
him. Governor Manning notified
the senate that he liad signed
the appropriation bill and the
county supply bill, and had no further
communication for them. He commended
them for the work whic'n
j they had done and wished chem GodI
h Me that on motion of
OJ/CCU. IV ?? Miw
Senator Sharpe, the senate at 5:35 a.
m. adjourned sine die. The house did
likewise, and the session of 1916 was
at an end.
His Car Upset.
Last Sunday afternoon Mr. W. T.
Buford's car took a notion to skid
while on the road about a mile from
Mr. Buford's residence in the Bus?->.
J ., y. v.
River cnurcn community, anu ui/?*
pinning Mr. Buford under the cai
Mr. Buford was riding alone when th accident
happened and fortunately for
h.im a negro tenant house was near ,
and several negroes ran out and lifted
the car off him. Mr. Buford was
I nainfniTv bruised. the most serious
injury being a gash in his leg which
required abouf a dozen stitches. The
rut n-ns caused by the crashing of the
i windshield. Dr. Pope of . Kinards.
J dressed the wound and Mr. Buford is
getting on 0. K.
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