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TOLCME LIU, XrttBEK 31. jiEAVBERRY, S. C. FRIDAY, APRIL u'l, 1916. TWICE A WEEK, $l.iO A YEAR.
Wilson Tells Cong
Why Break ,
Germany's Long Course of War fa
Vessels and Repeated Violation o
Cited by Piesident as Reasons
timatum to Germ
Washington, April in.?Standing b^- marine
lore the two houses in joint assembly. 01 its a<
President Wilson today explained u> e t<red
congress the long course of e.ents governn
which had elicited from the American pretest
government a virtual ultimatum to manders
Gernia y. The president cited the have a:
suuojbarine policy of Germany and the greater
pledges given the United states that u^on th
the rules of international law would Britain
he observed a d stated his frank con- could ei
elusion that unless the German gov-,;,as urn
eriiimeut immediately declares and ei- more ar
t'ects "an abandonment of it ? present months
methods of warfare a^a'.nst pa.-senger servant
and freight carrying vessels this so v. i^vo lo
einment can have no choice but t*? orrup;v <
sever diplomatic relations with the national
government of the German empire al- c emir
together." He concluded with an ex- j "Vessi
pression of confidence in the support j vessels
of congress and a hope that the Ger- : from e
man- governme. t might see fit to meet been de
the American demands "in the spinL: bfllis:er<
in which they are made." increasi
The president said: ! ""Som
"Gentlemen of Congress: 'tacked I
"A situation has arisen in the for- ed to si
eign relations of the country of which I or torpe
1* is my plain duty to inform you very or crew
frankly. ' 9 jxror sec
"It will be recalled that in February, i to the
1916, the imperial German govern-1 sent to
o-ti/MmofH it? infpntion to treat j again n
the water surrounding Great Britain i escape
and Ireland as embraced within the iowed t(
seat of war and to destroy all mer- >
chant ships owned by its enemies that 1 "W'liai
misSit be found withi i any part ot : must lis
that portion of the high seas, and that j has foil
it warned all vessels, of neutral as j such fas
%vell as belligerent ownership, to keep j cumstan
out of the waters it had thus prescribe ; seas an
ed or else enter them at their peril, i warfare
The I'nited States Protests. j without
'IThe government of the United of the d
States earnestly protested. -manity.
"It took the position that such a ! "Whai
policy could not be pursued without | tc. tion
the practical certainty of gross and j ernment
palipable violations of the law of na-, possible
tions, particularly if submarine craft o; attac
were to 'be employed as its instru- | enemies
inasmuch as the rules pres- , er tne
r-^rved by !r\v. rules founded upon j k;nd.
x>riT?<'iples of humanity and establish-! ..jn p
ed for the protection of the lives of (^jie jmp
non-combatants at sea, could not in j formed '
-the nature of the case be observed by n(?l;^ra|
sn<ft. vessels. j it had r
"It based its protest on the ground j eminent
that persons of neutral nationality and j dn mer<
vessels of noirtra! ownership would be jership a
expcsed to extreme and intolerable ; dens to
risks, and that no right to close any J enemy t
pari of the high seas against their J seas ar
use or to expose them to such risks j ment fel
could lawfully be asserted by any bel-; j? treati
ligerent government. The law or na-' belligen
tions in these matters, upon which the j sels. of
government of the United States based right to
* ra^fltit Orison or! "Tllo J
its protests, js uw v^i. ?c--- -.- ,
founded upon merely arbitrav prtncl-; nized tl
pies set up by convention. It is based, o.irry &i
on r'ae contrary, upon manifest and im- | them to
p^rative principles of humanity and j them in
<hc-s long been established with the , own ris
approval and by the express assent of governn
all civilized nations. 1 these \r
Carried Out Threats. | stances
"Notwithstanding the earnest pro-jTary.
test of our government, the imperial "Kven
German government at once proceed- i nounced
ed to carry out the policy it had an- j j() relax
i -nounced. It expressed the hope that \y profc
the dangers involved, at any rate this ; .jre to 1
danger to neutral vessels, would be re- tion tha
d iced to a minimum by the instruc- j submari
tions which it had issued to its sub- tion tha
marine warfare against the commerce not arm
government of the United States that destruct
It would take every possible precau- | personal
tion both to respect thf> rights of neu- their pa
trals and to safeguard the lr.es of non ticable t
combatants. ! tuted in
What ha? acmlly happened in the sir -tici
.-ear which lias since elapsed ha-hewn
that those hopes were net justi- "Asrar
those assurances insusceptible o? man go
:n<r fulfilled. -rnwi
p'uvvrjr. :4 ?v' ' Pr> : P:'
Jiu.-> dealt with, and yet it
r ress and again permitted its
* commanders to disregard tl:
kr a ances with entire impirndty
ItTflTYllTlCTlt -Qreat liners like the Liu
Arabic and mere ferry boai
_ L Sus.-ex have been attacked
ire Against Merchant moment
's warning, some tii
f Solemn Assurances t:,e-v i,ad even become awa
were i: the presence of an ;
for Sending Ul- all of the enemy, and the In
/-.r> 111 Kr? T -j n f < i\?> < cfMi and
' been -sacrificed wholesale
tier which the go.er me
warfare against he commerce rniterl States can nor but
I versaries, thus announced and V:anton and without the slig
upon by the imperial German ()1- :nc*ation
iei:t in -ute of the solemn -Xo limit of pny kill(1 h
of this government, the com- >0!, set f() ]0 ;mii<orimii
? of German nndcrsea vessels ! *,,, (le.tr,,,t;on of n,er(.ha?i
tarkc.i merchant ships with ; ,;;n!ls aa(I -at:onalit!es with
and greater activity, not only j tcr? oitonding
e high seas surronnding Great, >v!u>rc ,hese opcratfon<1 hav(
and Ireland, hut wherever they !ri,, . ]he ro? of
H'oniitcr them, in a way ">a"-j ,v]l0 havc los, ,heir lives on
w" more a d more ruthless. | ,nJ <lestrove(1 ,,
id more indiscriminate, as the | ]i!0nt? bv mo ,1)0 0,
have -one hy. less and less oh-, |)as mmmte(, ,,le )n?u
of restraints of any kind: and , ?0np of |)l(, ,at(>s| ani, m
li.ered their attacks withont ,..5 ,.)stances of meth(
a gainst vessels of every I ^ |ftm of ;]K, <l0!!lnK.
ity and honndnpon every son jFrenrtl crogJ( cha.,neI Pte
I sex. It must stand forth, a
e!* of mivtral ?*nerrt?ip. evca!jr? of ,he I_?s?tania as
of neutral ownership bound ,?rh. tr^ir .?.(1 u?1ns,ifl?
utral porr. to neutral port, have constitute ., tn||v tcrHble (
stroved alone: with vessels of . ,
v the mhinnanitv ot suDmarii
ent ownership, ift constantly as thg commanders of Gern:
ng numbers. ! jlave for t]le pas^ 12 m0nths
etimes the merchantman at-j tluct!ug it_ If th,s instance s
1 as heei. warned and summon 1 ,
some explanation some dis
irrender before beinsr fired op. i .. ~
! the German government,
doed; sometimes passengers! , r x ,
1 v dence of criminal mistake
s have been vouchsafed the 4l , .
disobedience on the part oi
mritv of being allowed to take , - ,
- ? inlander of the vessel t
ship's boats before she was . . . ,
1 the torpedo, might be sou?
the bottom But again aud . . . , . . , ..
| tertained; but unhappily ll
0 warni. g has been given, no . . . ? ^ *
? , | stand alone. Recent e\ents
even to the ship's boats al- j , .. ., ,,
1 conclusion inevitable that
) those on board. e instance, even though il
Gross and Palpable. i (jle most extreme and dist
L this government foresaw . ... . .. ,
& ; stances, of the spirit and
ippen has happesed. Tragedy i .. , . , ., . _ .
1 1 1 warfare which the imperii
o-ned traced) on the sea& In g0vernmen^ }ias mistaking]
iWon. with such attendant cir- an(, wMch from th(j first
ces. as to make it grossly evi- governmen( (o the reproacll
,d that the imperial govern- . ? a? neutra, riehts aside
it be. can not be carried on f ,tg immediate objects
tilG most paipuuit; v iwicinviio |
- . . t . . "The government of t
iictates alike of rrglit and hu- ^
states has been very pal
, . every stage of this distress!
tever the disposition and in- ?
, , . . , _ ence of tragedy after tr
of the imperial German gov
.. ? . which its own citizens wer
. it has manifestly proved 1m- . ,
. , it has sought to be restra
for it to keep sucn methods
, . .. a- -v extreme course of ac
k upon the commerce of its
protest by a thoughtful coi
within the bounds set bv elth,
. of the extraordinary circun
reason or the heart ot man-1
this unprecedented war an
in all that it said or did by
'ebruary or the present yeai 4 . . . . . , .
ment of genuine friendship
erial .Germa-: government in- , . i o- *
people of the I nited State
- -1 4.1. ^
tins government aim uiu ouai . . , ,
wavs entertained and contr
governments of the world that . . , A ~
tertain towards the German
eason to beliee tiiat the gov. . ? , , ,
has. of course, accepted t
of Great Britain had armed . , ,
sive explanations and ass?u:
;hant vessels of British own ~
the imperial German gove
d had given them secret or- .
given m e tire sincerity ;
attack any submarine of the ... . . . ,
J faith and has hoped ev<
hey mrght encounter upon the , .. . .. .,
J ? hope, that it would prove
id tha the imperial govern- ... . A. ^
sible for the German gove
t justified in the circumstances . . J . , ..
to order -and control the ?
g all armed merchantmen of
naval commanders as to
mt ownership as auxiliary ves- .. ,x, .. . ,
policy with the .principles oi
war, which it would have a *. , . , ,
as embodied m the law of n
destrov without warning. . ....
has beei willing to wait uni
aw of nations has long recog- ... . ? . ,
nificance of the facts bee
le right of merchantmen to . x t , ., .
lutelv unmistakable and sus
mis for protection f d i:stj . * . , , ,.
but one interpretation.
repel attack, though to use;
such circumstances at their 1 an Ke Legaliz*
i-- a. n^T-mnn ..ru, ;?t <|,o;! ,1AXV
K , UUl LlltJ idl VIV-'4 4l4IA** j I licit jjw>TAi?c iiu>j uv ?? N% ?
lent claimed the right to set reached. The facts are sus
derstandings aside in circum- but one interpretation. ITh
which it deemed extraordi- German government ha? b(
to put a y limits or restric
the terms in which it an its warfare against either
its purpose thus i-.till furrhei passenger ships. It has th<
the restraints it. had previous- come painfully evident that
ssed its willingness and de- tion which this go\ernmei
;ut upon the operations of its the very outset is inevitabl
t at lea sevtsyWulorpavetHTA that the use of submarine
nes. carry the plai i implica- destruction of an enemy's cc
t at least \essels which were ot neecssity. because the ve
ed would still be exempt from ter of the vessels employe
ion without warning and that very methods of attack wt
I safety would be accorded employment of course invol'
ssengers and crews, but prac- compatible with the princir
0 observe, has in fact co sti- m-rritv. the lorz e^tublishe
r> check at all upon the de- cc trovertible rights of ne:
) of sJr'j)? of every >orf. the sacred immunities of
Promised to Reform. J batants.
1 ; !;d vzi'lw rlie imperial (ler- -j ]iavf? honied it TOy
ve:"nn;"".t h::~ given this gov- fore. to :iy to the iniper;
:?s so.emu asr-u"auces inat .it. government rlvtt if "is sfi
-sengor s >i. w<?u?d i*"/t bo j t < *re'e lie
lias again discriminate warfare against \essels grc
underseas of commerce by the use of submarines, sea
icse assur- notwithstanding the now demonstrated 0,
impossiblitv of conducting that war
>itania and fare in accordance with what the gov- . ,
I iia ^
ts like the ernme t of the United States must
without a consider the sacred ami indisputable *
nes before rules of international la wand the u<:i- ('u(
5 that tiiev versa! Iy recognized dictates of liu-j 1
armed ves- manity, the government of the United
res of non- States is at last forced to the conclu
s t r
crew liavfs I sion t.hat there is but one course itj
in a man-; can pursue; and thai u less the iinnt
of the perial German government should now mm
regard as immediately declare and effect a;i _
litest color abandonment of its present methods of j
warfare a?a:nst passenger and frolglu j
as in fact carrying vessels, this government can J
. ..4^ ~e ?ll . . . , . A /l:
lai.e ui nave 110 choice mu u> uiiuu-j
men of all relate s with the government J
in the wa- of t.he German empire altogether. !
1 ,? ! at
in are* "This decision I have arrived a- j
> been car- ]ie keenest regret: the possfbilAmericans
ot- t]le action contemplated I am
ships thus sure all thought fill -Americans will
as grown look forward to with unaffected re-1
ninous toll iU(tance. p,ut we can < ot forget tliat j
Ireds. some sort and by the force
ost. shock- wf circulTlstances the responsible
)d of war- sp),j<0.;nu;n 0f the rights of humanity
tion of the th.u we can no* remain sile.it |
amer S-us- v.1aije tjiese rights seem in process of j
s the slnkbeiu^
swept utterlv awav in the muelso
, stroin of this terrible war We owe it
ib'e as to
i to a due regard for our own rights as
le warfare a li:aion- t(> our ?r dut>' as a
tan vessels representative of the rigths of u-eubeen
eon- traIs the wor'(l ()Ver anfl t0 a Jllst co;i;too<I
ale- e oeI'ti()11 ot the rights of mankind, to
avowal bv ra'":o ^-s st>ind now with the utmost
some evi- solemnity and firmness.
or wilfui have taken it. a d taken it in the
the com- confidence that it will meet with your
hat fired approval and support. All sober- i
jht or nn- niinded men must unite in hoping that
t does not the imperial German government
; make the which as i.: other circumstances stood
it Is only fts the champion of all that we ar?.
: be one 01 now contending for in the interest of
ressing in- humanity, may recognize the justice oi
method of our demands and meet them in the
il German spirit i.i which thev are made.'"
posed that KYKIa*H0I)Y BOOST NOW
of thrust-j FOJR THE ( HAriAUQI'A
in pursuit !
: The liig Tent Will be Spread in tbe
he United j Park?Only Six Days?Secure
tient. At j Yonr Season Tieets.
!ng experi- i
agedy, in j The guarantors of the Chautauqua
e involved, j held a meeti- g Friday afternoon
lined from j v.Lien was well attended a.'d much,
tion or of interest and enthusiasm manifested,
isideration [ This is a laudible undertaking o.i the
istanees of part of a number of Newberry's most
d actuated public spirited citizenr and the poothe
senti-'rle generally should show their ap
- - l ? -- " niioral natron- I
which the preclusion ? ?tI<? t.
s have ai- ng<\
nue to en- A largo tent will be erected on the
nation, ft South end uf the park on College
he succes- sh'oet which will be ample to accomrances
of modate comfortazble every one who
rnment as ; ttends the lectures, concerts, etc.
and good This is a well chosen location as it j
en against easily accesible from all parts of
to be pos- thc city. There will be changes in
rnment so hours of sessions to suit local condiicts
of its tions as follows:
square its 11:00 A. M.?Monday, one hour j
: humanity !ecture. |
ations. It M-?Jfuaw.
til the sig- 4:fK) p. M?Lecture.
oiiie abso-. ":30 P. M. Children work.
ceptible of 8:00 p- M.?Music.
8:4f? p. M.?Entertainment.
j Julia Claussen Program, S p. m.,
m!- ! sharp.
ppily been The following information about I
ceptiblfc of : season tickets is given to avoid mise
imperial understanding and confusio.:: Adult
'en unable j season tickets will cost $L\oi)> which
t:<ons upon i U good for all the sessions of the j
freight or v/6ek: child's season tickets will cost !
before be-; an(1 admits to all sessions: stuthe
posi- (lent's season tickets, $1.25. good for
it took at students of high school and Newberry
e nameTv ; college ana ctumus ?n ~ .
)S for the t,c^et is non-transferable except in
mmerce is i owner's Htiuily. family consisting of
rv charac parents .children, ai.d dependents. A
' , | chi d mav attend sessions o i an
d and the .
, . adult ticket but adult cannot use chil11
, | dren's tickets, nor two children; use
res are In- '
? , 1 in chi'dren's work or entering for
ties of liu- ' ,. , . , A
, , ; the pageant on bird masque night
? and In- i , _ . .., ,
must have a $1.2.) children s
utra's and . , _ . x
season ticket?a pare, t ticket will not ,
non-ram- . . , x . .
admit a child to these leatures.
Single admissions range from 2r>c. ,
ty. e* 3.-(. aiHi rl(-)c. to a;i grand opera
1 *': :'n"iriI nighi. V!'o buy your tickets for each:
' 1 i ; M M >*
i (.- soss-on v.'onl.i make a total expense
s and 0f ;i'>o;:t SS. lience it is seen that r.
a? >avi. is effected by buying a t
son ticket which will admit to all
the sessions and even if you attend
y a few of them it is cheaper to y
."e a season ticket. t
Jet season tickets because they are
;apcr and more valuable to your j
nily and help the guarantors to
ke good tlie guarantee. Let the I
rid now that there is no yellow 1
f>ak in Newberry blood and that '
old town is not on'y on the map j (
No. 6, Kn
Will hold a public service in the O
3:30 o'clock. The public is cordi;
it- following program will be rende
X 1 tiuut.
( Ail standing;
All hail the power of Je.<
Let angels prostrate fal
J'.rinpf forth the royal dia
To crown Him Lord of
Crown Him, ye martyr.-;
Who from His altar cal
Extol the stem of Jesse':
And crown Him Lord c
Let every kindred, ever)
On this terrestrial ball,
To Him all majesty asc
And crown Him Lord ot
The Palms (I.cs Rameaux)Responsive
M rxistkr?in the end of the S
toward the first day of the \vt
( (JNCUKCATION?Came .Mary M?
to see the sepulchre.
Minister?Ann behold, there w;
angel of the Lord descended
Conc.regation?And came and r
door, and sat upon it.
Mi nister?I lis countt nance was
white as snow:
Congregation?And for fear o
and became as dead men.
Minister?And the angel answe
Fear not ye: for I know tl
Congregation?He is not here:
Come, see the place where t
Minister?And go quickly, anc
risen from the dead.
\.,.1 u ^
^U.Mrl\r-U.Vl 1U.\ -\IIU. IA'UUIUi 1JC
there shall ye sec him ; lo, I
Minister?And they departed qu
fear and great joy;
Congregation*?And did run to
Minister?And as they went to (
met them, saving. All hail.
Congregation?And they came ;
' ! inister?Then said Jesus unto
Congregation?Be not afraid: f
?0 into Galilee, and there sh
Anthem. "Lest We Forget"
Reading, "Through Death to
Sermon?Sir John Henry H
Onward. Christian soldiers,
With the cross of Jesus,
Christ, the Royal Master, lea
Forward into battle, see His
Onward. Christian soldi
With the cross of Jesus.
Like a mighty army, moves t
Brothers, we are treading wl
W e are not divided, all one
("hie in hope and doctrine, or
At the name of Jesus. Satan
On. then. Christian soldiers,
(Tell'^ foundations quiver at
r?rothcr?f lift your voices: lo
Mrs. S. J. DerrickMiss
Miss Margaret Bu
Miss Carolvn (
Sir 1). L. I
S'lloist?Miss Pauline (iildet
\ iolini-;?Mr. Larle fhpp.
Pianist?Mi-s Mazie Domini
rut all over the map. This is a big
mdertaking by well meaning citizens
ind should have a.:d must have the
mstinted support of every loyal New
terrian. Open your mouth and boost
The beautiful cantata, "Victory," by
'eaoe, the story of Easter in song was
endered by a large choir at Centarl
Methodist church last night, (Thurslay).
iigms i enifjiui
pera House 011 Sunday afternoon
ill) invited to attend these services,
; of vour God,
t* A J t ? i
-raure.. .miss rauiine unaer.
abbath, as it began to dawn
ick. ^ %
igdalene and the other Mary
is a great earthquake; for the
oiled back the stone from the
like lightning, and his raiment
f him the keepers did shake.
red and said unto the women,
lat ve seek Tesus, which was
r t 7
: for he is risen, as he said,
he Lord lav.
1 tell his disciples that he is
gfoeth before you into Galilee;
have told you.
ickly from the sepulchre with
bring" his disciples word.
:ell his disciples, behold, Jesus
ind held him by the feet, and
^o tell my brethren that they
all they see me.
"?Kiplin g- De Ko ve n?C hoi t.
Life"?Mrs. T. P. Johnson,
arms, D. D., Prelate.
marching as tu war,
going 011 before.
ids against the foe:
ers, niarcnmg" as to war,
going" on before.
he Church of God;
lerc the saint? have trod;
ic in charity.
\s host cloth flee;
on to victory: ,
the shout of praise:
ucl your anthems raise.
T > .
r. T. P.. Setzler
Mr. Otis I louseal.