President Said to Be Disple
and Conditions AttachedOfficials
As to Whether
swer Seems t
Washington. May 6.?T'he probabil- j
ity that a diplomatic break with Ger
aoany has been averted, at least tem-j
porarily, was strengthened today j
wiien the official text of the German!
note, laid before President Wilson
sad Secretary Lansing, was found to
be almost identical with the unofficial1
version sent to the United States in |
Officials had indicated that should j
the official text bear out the unoffical1
version, they thought it improbable
diplomatic relations would have to be j
severed, unless there should be fur-1
tker attacks upon merchant ships in J
'violation of the new pledges given.
Disappointment has been indicated,
however, over certain features of the i
Oerman reply, a .d some high officials
believe that' it at least cannot be accepted
unconditionally. The president
Sf>oretarv Lansins: studied the
text carefully today, goirg very minutely
over the pharseology and the
shades of meaning that might be attached
to various expressions.
Opinion as to whether the note requires
an answer seems divided. De-1
<c:sion rests with the president, aiwl1
until he has made up his mind it is
unlikely that an official expression of
opinion will be forthcoming. So far
he has not indicated to /.nyone his
fiial judgment in the matter.
1- Qntirol,. nnscihl#* that no reDlv
1 I VXIUI V*J - _ m m
"will be seat. for^the present at least,"
and that the president will maintain
% complete silence for a time, allowing
* Germany to demonstrate on n- own
* behalf. the good faith of her intention
'to carry out the policy indicated in
lier new orders to submarine commanders.
Although the president realizes tttat
the promises given are the cardinal
e]en>ents of the note, he is understood
to be displeased over the language
used and the conditions apparently
Should the note be accepted as satisfactory
and" a reply sent, it is expected
to take the form of a notification
to Germany that the United
States has decided not to se.er diplomatic
relations as long as the new
submarine orders remain effective
?.nd are observed.
Takes ('oi)y of Sole.
Several members of the cabinet
were not in Washington today. Secretary
Lansing left tonight to spend
the week-end at tAni.apolis, taking
with him an official copy of the Ger
man note. He expects to have fully
digested its statement by the time of
his return Monday.
The only intimation regarding the
personal attitude of President Wilson
was obtained today from persons
close to affairs of the White House,
who described liini as feeling himself
in. a position where he could not question
Germany's good faith unless the
declaration made by the German government
should not prove effective.
Cou t von Bernstorff, the German
ambassador, returned to Washington
'today from New York. He said he
. f r lllQ CTf\ V A TT"I -
UGAi IJ \J 111 OCX i i VIIi ? v/. ??
ment to discuss the situation with
Secretary Lansing and that he did
net intend to go to the state department
unless he should be so instructed
by Berlin, or Secretary Lansing
should i vite him to call. Officials
wcu'd not be surprised, however, if
the ambassador should be instructed
to call upon Secretary Lansing next
w(Vk. ,after he and President Wilson
have had sufficient time i;i which to
Hie official text of the German note
" \va? made public today by the state
department. Ambassador Gerard, in
transmitting the document, said he
had received copies in both German
and English, probably accounting for
the fact that the official and the unofficial
version says that Germany
\ flight difference in the texts ocrs
in that paragraph where the un official
version says that Germany
' decided to make further a con
-cession adapting the methods of submarine
warfare to the interests of
neutrals." In the official text the
words "in adapting' appear in place
or the word "adapting..' Another dif- .
ference lias to do with an omission, j
probably due to an error in cable
transmission. The words in the un-,
official version "several attempts
made by the government of the Unit
swev Does Not
ase Mr. Wilson
ased With Language Used
-Opinion of Washington
Note Requires An Ano
ed States to prevail upon," preceding
the words "the British government to
act accordingly, failed because of flat
refusal on the part of the British government,
' are missing from the official
text, tlie omission being indicated.
The only other discrepancy is that
the unofficial 'version speaks in one
place of the "incontrovertible rights,"
the freedom of the seas, while the official
text employs the term "incon
BETHEA THINKS 3TLAURIX
WOULD (SUCCEED TILLMAN
Andrew J. Bethea, lieutenant governor,
is of the opinion that the announcement
of John L. McLaurin,
State warehouse commissioner, for
lieutenant governor is nothing but the
beginning of a campaign to succeed
R 7? Tillman no TTnitpd StatPc son
ator. Mr. Bethea did not announce today
for re-election as lieutenant governor,
saying, "There is ample time
before the campaign opens for me to
| give to the public my views, whether
11 stand for this office or some other." j
i Mr. Bethea says the slurring refer- J
i er.ce to the lieutenant governorship
! made by Commissioner McLaurin in
j the address to the warehousemen yesterday
"is unworthy and shows a lack
of appreciation of many men who|
helped to make illustrious the history
, of South Carolina."
! 'The announcement of John L. ;Mc
Laurin%as the chief topic in political1
' circles today, and many others think j
as Mr. Bethea does that Commissioner j
McLaurin is building up the nucleus
of a political machine that will be
used to boost him into the United
States senate. However, Mr. McLaurin
said in his address that his mo- j
tives were purely patriotic and many j
persons think the former senator1
; would not risk the life of the State j
warehouse system by projecting it in-j
to politics. j
Another interesting question that j
has arisen in political circles since
Mr. McLaurin definitely made his anllftunpomont
ic- TWlOi tVin iilnnr.
AO . H ii?l ftlC C11C 1HOUA
ance people going to do? Many poli- i
ticians think that they also will put a
; candidate into the field for some State
office for the purpose of answering
any attack the warehouse commissioner
may make 01 the insurance
companies and to present their side
of the companies in the Lanev-Odom
controversy. Many astute political
observers are of the opinion that
should such a course be taken by the
insurance interests it will cause the
issue to be sharply drawn and all
other questions will be subordinated
with Joh.'i L. McLaurin championing
the "cause of the people.'*
The following interview with Lieu- j
tenant Governor Bethea will probably i
further heighten the interest in the
political situation, particularly that
part in which he says that Commis-j
sioner McLaurin 'is trying to head off
other aspirants for the l'.:ited States
"I am not worried over McLaurinVs :
announcement for lieutenant i
ernor. The office belongs to the peo-!
pie and not to me and he or any other
man who can comply with the rules
cf the Democratic party has a right
to run. There is ample time before!
the campaign opens for me to give:
to the public my views, whether I
stand for this office or some other, i
"It does r.ot take a Solomon, however.
to see that -McLaurin's real purpose
is to head oft' Lever. Pollock,
Blease and others in an effort to sue- '
ceed Senator Tillman in the I'nited
"Commissioner McLauri::*s statement
that the office of lieutenant governor
is 'an office no grown man
wants and no live man would have' is
unworthy a;:d shows a lack of ap
preciation of many men who have helped
to make illustrious the history of
South Carolina. Hut distinguished
men like Christopher Gadsden. John
Drayton. Richard de Treville. 1). K.
Hen:iigan. AY. I). Simpson. John C.
Sheppard. Eugene B. Bary and many
others of high character and ability
need no defense at my hands."
*- - . TL-A n*AA 17A* Affect Tfia
111? UUiniQC flldl UUCd nui liw iii,yu
of its tonic and Jaxative effect. LAXA1
.V.- liROMO QUIN'INIi i?> better then ordinary
0'!ini?'.e and does not eanse nervousness not
in head. Remember the lull na:.:e
1 ' .>? '~r the "icna^'ie- H. OH VE. 2^
THE HERALD AND NEWS ONE
YEAR FOR $1.50. |
MAY YET BlUNG 01 T
ATLAl'KIX FOK UOVEKMHi
A liberal interpretation of the language
of Senator J. A. Banks of St.
Matthews, president of the South
Carolina warehouse association, in a
statement issued today, may mean
that the warehousemen may yet e.iter
Commissioner John L. McLaurin in
the race for govesnor should the
State democratic convention fail to
give Mr. McLaurin the hour demanded
for him at each of the campaign
meetings this summer.
"In case the contention failed to
comply with what we considered a
very reasonable request," said Senator
Banks, "then, as president, I was
to call the association together to
take such action as might be deemed
advisable to get before the people."
Senator Banks says that Commls-1
, . . !
sioner AlcL?aunn oniy maae a tentative
announcement for lieutenant governor
will do at its meeting on May
vention will do at its meeting on 'May
17; that it was not the idea of the
association to put a man in the field
for political preferment, should an
opening be given for the waging of
an educative campaign before the
people in the interest of the farmer j
particularly, Senator McLaurin in a
The secret part of the meeting of
warehousemen Wednesday seems to
be inviolably guarded by th >se who
attended; but it is certain. However,
that nther artion besides that siven
out by the secretary of the associa- j
tion was taken. How far it affects |
the political situation is not known,
to the public. Cut a correct inference,
deduced from the utterances of
those attending the conference, is j
that the warehouse association will j
put out a legislative ticket in the va- j
rious counties of the State to repre- j
I sent the agricultural element in the |
South Carolina electorate.
John K. Aull, secretary of the asso-1
ciation. said this morning that a full j
stenographic report of the proceed-;
ings was taken and that it might be!
made public at a future date, as op-;
portunity may arise.
Action Taken on Insurance.
It is known that some action was J
taken on the insurance situation, but;
just what has been veiled in secrecy, j
That what ever action was decided
on in the resolution that is known to
have been adopted must have been
important; for Wednesday morning,
prior to the gathering of warehouse-1
men. Solicitor .J. K. Henry of 'Chester,.
Senator J\ A. Banks, Commissioner ;
^cLaurin and other warehouse lead|
ers. were in a prolonged conference.;
| Solicitor Henry has drawn many of
the bills that have been enacted into'
1 law the various features of the State
| warehouse system, and it is known1
! that he is one of flip rvrnitntaBirtrKU"'.; '
'most valued advisers. It Is thought
that some crucial action regarding
the insurance situation was taken at
the morning conference, which later
was endorsed by the association at its
meeting. It is noted, however, that
; Solicitor Henry did not sig;i the
i Dabbs petition to the State conven- J
j The almost positive i. formation that'
j the warehouse convention decided to
: put a legislative slate in the field
gives rise to the supposition that Solicitor
Henry was engaged in drawing
up bills relative to the insurance situation
for adoption by the convention
and discussion in the State campaign
and in the county canvass. It is pre-1
sumed that these supposed bills w/il
be the nusleus of a fight for the legislature.
and if the warehousempn 'win 1
the general assembly that the program
will be pushed through. What ;
this alleged insurance program is is
not known: it may be State insur-,
ance. but there are some that do not
think the warehouse association
would commit itself to such a radical
What Hanks Savs.
Senator .1. Arthur Banks, president
of the South Carolina warehouse association.
in discussing today the
meeting of the association held 011
A\Wednesday afternoon, said that the
newspapers, as evidenced by their
headlines, had not seemed to grasp!
the situation accurately.
"Senator 'McLauriifs address.*' ho,
said, "followed the speech made by I
Mr. \V. A. Stuckey in advocacy of a
campaign of education this summer. ,
Senator McLaurin stated that lie was
willing to make almost any sacrifice
except to put himself in the position
of seeming to use the warehouse sys-,
tem to gratify his ambitions or to pro-,
mote his personal interests, but that
he was willing, if there was no other
way to do it. to enter the rate for .
lieutenant governor, on the basis
wmcn was stateu 111 tne pa-per. immediately
there were objections from
members of the association that they
were not willing for a man of Mr. McLaurin's
caliber to make the sacrifice (
ADOPTS MEASURE I
FOK FARM LOAN
SEX ATE PASSES Kl'KAL CREDITS
Plan as Accepted Calls for \onparti- j
san Board and System of Land
Washington, May 4.?The Hollis
farm loan bill, embodying the admin- j
istration plan for establishing a system
of ru^al credits, passed the senate
tonight by a vote of 58 to 3.
Senators Brandegee, Oliver, Lodge,
Page and Wadsworth, all republicans,'
voted against the measure.
The bill, after almost iwo weeks or,
debate, passed the senate practically
as reported by the banking commit-1
tee. An amendment bv Senator Smoot.
reducing the salaries of the farm loa.i j
board from $10,000 to $7,500 was
adopted by a vote of 26 to 25 in the J
committee of the whole, was recon- j
sidered and was defeated. 29 to 31. J
A somewhat similar bill has been !
reported by the house banking com-1
mittee and it is said will be brought j
up for consideration in the house
soon. Like the senate measure, it j
would create loan banks but it differs ,
in means of operation.
The senate bill provides for a non- j
partisan farm loan board to consist j
of the secretary of the treasury asd !
four others, having general control of!
a farm loan system of 12 or more land
banks, through which loans actually:
would be made.
Each land bank would hve a capi-!
tal stock of at least $."00,000 to be
subscribed by the -government IT not
taken by the public. -The farm loan
associations would be cooperative,
made up of ten or more farmers, wno
would obtain a charter fro- their
district land bank. A farmer desiring
to become a borrower would be
required to take stock in the loa.i association
equal to 5 per cent, of the
loan; the loan ass-^ciation in turn
would take an equal amount of stock
in the lard bank, which would appraise
the security offered.and make
the loan through the association. On
mortgages amounting to $50,000, a
bank might issue a like amount of
farm loan bonds'! which would be se
cured by all iz ia;:n Danns.
All profits would go to the loan associations
in dividends and thus to
the borrowers who are shareholders
in them. Loans might be on as long
terms as 36 years and on the amorti
zation plan, so that with each interest
payment the farmer could pay a
small amount on his .principal. Loans
would be limited to first mortgages
and could not exceed 50 per cent, of
the appraised value of the Uud.
The principal fight Oil the.hill was
directed at the sections exempting the
banks and their-mortgages from taxation
and permitting employes to be
chosen without regard to the civil
PKAHsE 1. F. LEVEK
Washington, ?*.pril 28.?Congressman
Lever who is now handli. g on
the floor of the house the annual appropriation
bill for the department oi'
agriculture, has been the recipient of
a number of compliments by members
upon the manner in which he is hand-1
ling this measure and also upo.i his
record generally as a floor leader !
whenever his chairmanship of the j
committee on agriculture calls him to j
that station. j
On Friday, \pril 21st, Congressman j
Sis.son of Mississippi, in discussing'
an item on the bill took occasion to j
say rhe following, which appears on i
page 7of the Congressional Record J
lor that date: . . . before doing;
this however, I want to congratulate !
tlirt r.lvrVni-1 flip Til 1 f f PP Oil !
agriculture for his zeal, his earnest- j
doss, and his ability in the manage- <
ment of this great bill. The country j
is extremely fortunate in having the i
services of such a man to guard the !
interest of agriculture. If the depart-j
ment of agriculture can he success- j
ful in carrying into effect the provt- !
sions of this bill and can secure the
results thar should flow from the ex
of running for a minor office, and that!
all we wanted was an opportunity to;
he heard. Then came the resolution ;
by ??Ir. K. \V. Dabbs. requesting time !
from tno i-jfaie convention. ;uiu u
the understanding of all present that,
it was a request for the farmers to be j
hoard through their State warehouse
commissioner, and' that if this was
granted it was unnecessary for him to
become a candidate for any office. In
case the convention failed to comply
with what we considered a very reasonable
roquest. then as president I
was to call the association together
to take such action as might bo
deemed advisable to get before the
penditure of the mo. ey carried in the
bill, it will do the country more good
than the money expended through, any
other bill passed by congress."
On Saturday, April 22nd.. Congressma.i
Haw ley of Oregon, one of the
n.ost progressive Republican members
or the house, and formerly president j
of the Oregon State University?a f
member of recognized ability and extremely
non-partisan ij his convictions
and efforts had this to say: "1
should like the attention of the chairman
of the committee, (Mi. Lever).
I have assisted in the preparation
of :ine appropriation bills in support j
of the department of agriculture for j
the promotion of the agricultural de- \
velopment of the United States. Dur- :
ing that time the distinguished gen- |
tleman from South Carolina, v-wr. j
Lever) has been a member of the
committee, as he has of the house, bepreparation
of the last three bills, including
the one now pending, he has
been its chairman. By reason of his
vigor and ability he has been an important
member and worthy of study.
In addition to the appropriation bills
several measurer, of general legislation
of sreat importance have been
considered by the committee and a j
number of them reported to the;
hnni-p massed. Others are uend-!
ins; and active, Mr. Lever has been I
a decided factor in all this legislation. [
|. FIRE INS
We are prepare
j surance policies a
the following i
Equitable Fire Ins. Co. $
r\ m t
racitic rire ms. uo.
Southern Stock Fire
Ins. Co. ; ...
j . Southern Underwriters
Underwrites of Gr'nsbor
These Companies are a
and have a splendid reco
Your requests will hav<
i Security Loan and Inve
j W. A. McSWAIN,
a I j..
i\ warn u
of Rural Tel
We are anxious to se<
other parties and connecte
condition as to furnish effi
owners of rural lines are re
we want to co-operate wit
All lines renuire a tl
sionally if the best servic*
recommend that every li
overhauled at least once a
experienced telephone mai
cost of this work when dh
of the line, makes the an
small, and this cost will bt
If the owners of rural 1
tion are experiencing troul
will appreciate their talking
Manager or writing us fi
what we can toward helpi
dition of your line.
SOUTHERN BELL T
AMD TftT.FfJR APH
^ JLf A Mb
i BOX 163, COI
Whiie he has always shown a commendable
a. d c.iective interest in the *
solution of problems affecting southern
agriculture, and deserves the
everlasting gratitude of ihat portion
of our people for his services to them,
he has bee.i friendly to the study of
and taken an intelligent interest in
lae problems cuunvLiiig aii. Viuci OCV/tions
of the country. F
He has the lo.e, confidence, and J
admiration of every member of the \
committee, as h ehas of the house, because
of his ability, diligence, efficiency
and broad sympathies.
Several laws of great value bear
his name or owe their existence to
his resistless energy.
If statesmanship consists in a
painstaking analysis of questions relating
to the public welfare and in ( II
submitting solutions that will result
to the public good and securing their
adoption, Mr. Lever is a statesman."
THE HERALD AND NHWS ONE v
YEAR FOR ONLY
Whenever You Need i Ceaenl Tools
The Old Standard Grove's Tasteless
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General Tonic because it contains the
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Builds up the Whole System. SO cents.
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short notice for
i ' ?
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o 234,897.00 62,181.00 I
.11 licensed in this State,
>rd for prompt and fair
3 prompt and careful at- ,
stment Company, Agent. I
Mgr. In$, Dept.
i - "IT
meand HalJ-Tone . *
- - ? i?? J i
3 max an imcs uwucu uj
d with us are kept in such A
cient service. Where the
isponsible for their upkeep, P
lorough overeauling occa3
is to be obtained. We
ine connected with us be i
year, and that at least one j
i assist in this work. The 1
fided among all the patrons i
lount paid by each man
i more than offset by the 1
telephone lines in this secAe
with their service, we
y the matter over with our
illy. We will gladly do
ng you improve the con
ELEPHONE |fWl *
COMPANY WM M
iUMBIA, S. C.
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