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The herald and news. (Newberry S.C.) 1903-1937, July 18, 1916, Image 2

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MEN OF MILITARY AGE IN UNITED
STATES AT PRESENT.
Statistics Show That the Available
Men in America of Arm-bearing
Age Reaches Over Twenty Million.
TT^v... *%.. n V\1 a Krv/lt A/1 At' 1
Jiuvv ixiauv auic-uwuicu wt
military age have we in the United
States?
The bureau of the census, while it
is unable to make any estimate of the
proportion who are able-bodied, estimates
that the total number of male
citizens and prospective citizens?
that is, foreign-bom persons who
have declared their intentions to become
citizens?IS to 4.j years of age,
is not far from 21,000,000.
This estimate is based on the as
sumption that there has been an increase
of approximately 10 per cent
in the population of the country since
the census of 1910. When that census
was taken the total number of |
male citizens and prospective citizens
IS years of age and over, but under
4o, was 19,183,000. Of this number,
14,224.000 were native white, 2,S.".7,000
were foreign born whites who j
had become naturalized or had de- j
clared their intention of doing so, I
2.052,000 were negroes, and 50,000
were Indians. The number of
foreign-born citizens is partially an
estimate, since the census enumerators
were able to obtain information
as to citizenship from only about
seven-eighths of the total number of
foreign born males. Native white
nearly 15 per cent, negroes nearly II
per cent, and Indians about tbreefourth.
of 1 per cent.
'During the civil war, when the population
of tlie country, * exclusive of
the seceding states, was less than on?
fonrt.h as great as the nresent noun
sr I
lation of the entire [United States, the
total number of 'men serving in the
Federal armies at one time and another
was approximately 2,500,000
(due allowance being madle for duplicate
enlistments, that is, cases in
which men enlisted more than once).
The following- table gives, by states,
the total number of males IS to 45
years of age enumerated at the census
of 1910. The figures in this table
include approximately 1,796,000 alien
' white and 92,000 Chinese, Japanese
and others, together representing
about 9 per cent of the total, who
"would be ineligible for military service.
The census bureau has not
compiled the numbers of these classes
of the population, within the given
age limits who "were living in each
state in 1910. Taking the country as
a whole, however, the probable increase
in population 'between 1$10
and 1916 will approximately counterbalance
the number of alien white,
Chinese, Japanese, etc., included in
the figures for 1S10, so that these figures
may be accepted as roughly
JL Cjfc/i COCUUXti * C \JL LUC ilUUiUCl \SL iLLaiC
citizens and prospective citizens 18
to 45 years of age, inclusive, in each
state and in the United States in 1916.
Total number of males 18 to 45
years of age, inclusive, 1910:
State? 'Number.
Maine 156,449
New Hampshire 93,321
Vermont 76,017
Massachusetts 785,581,
Rhode Island 129,131
JTVvrm cation* ?Q7
' V- V>I Iivvv*vuv (WWW)V V I
New York 2,223,633
New Jersey 617,013
Pennsylvania 1,842,266
Ohio 1,107,888
Indiana 5%,682
Illinois .. J 1,369,910
Michigan 635,518
"Wisconsin .. .. v /.- .. 512,261
^Minnesota 505,187
Iowa 489,829
'Missouri 741,180
North (Dakota 148,920
.Ol TV ^ 1 J. _ ?* 4 A OAP
ooutn -uaKoia j.sa,5?o
Nebraska 274,507
Kansas 379,730
\
Total for north 13,094.615
(State? Number.
Delaware 46,139
Maryland 279,818
District of Columbia 80,858
Virginia 4iu,4zz
West Virginia .. 281,179
!NTorth Carolina 401,917
South Carolina 283,490
Georgia 507,688
Florida 177,152
Kentucky 469,711
Tennessee 434,641
Alabama 414,454
Mississippi 354,133
Arkansas 321,924
Louisiana 347,518
Oklahoma 366.339 j
Texas 52iUo?) |
Total for south 6,006,139
State? Number.
(Montana 326,862
Idaho ?8 .$3 9
Wyoming 5o,SS6
Colorado ' .. 210,637 J
New Mexico 75,371
Arizona 60,915
Utah 86,590 ;
Nevada 30,489
Washington 350.746
Oregon 196,10") ;
California 7,822
; i
Total for west 1,S70,32J ;
^Aggregate for United
States 21,071,076;
. . !
I TAKIN(? STEPS TO AVOID
INFANTILE PARALYSIS
Hoard of Health Requests All Cases j
Imported?I)r Coward to
Study Diease.
j ? !;
Columbia, July 13.?Precautionary ;
measures to guard against the i
| I
spread of infantile paralysis in this I
State were taken this afternoon by
the South Carolina State board of! J
]
health. Dr. F. A. Coward was sent :
i1
tf\ Yaw Vnrlr tn stnriv the means !
there for fighting the diease and will?
report to tlie board. Physicians |1
throughout the State were instructed j1
to report all cases of infantile pa-j'
ralysis to Dr. J. Adam Hayne, the iJ
<
secretary of the State board by tele- 1
graph. Dr. Hayne said tonight that 1
if thought advisable all incoming 1
trains from Xew York or other infected
areas would be searched and
quarantined. Stringent measures,
he said, had been formed to prevent 3
the disease from getting in this State. 5
The board also ordered all persons
and firms selling septic tanks to get
licenses from the State board of ?
health. , i
5 1
Florida Taking Precaution. 1
Jacksonville, Fla., July 13.?To c
f prevent the spread of infantile pa- ?
ralysis to Florida the State board of 1
health is maintaining a vigorous 1
watch at the passenger station of s
Jacksonville and other points of en- c
try by rail in Florida and at quaran- 1
tine stations in the State. All chil- t
dren from points North are examined 1
by physicians and nurses at the 1
station and a record is kept. Local r
health officers throughout the State 1
are advised and strict watch is main- ?
tained for any symptoms wluch might *
develop. e
Of twenty-five children examined G
yesterday no indications of the disease A
were found.
I I
Case in Indiana Town. T
Shelbyville, Ind., July 13.?A case 1
'of infantile paralysis was reported 2
here yesterday. The victim is a fiveyear-old
girl. t
i
Paralysis in Angnsta. 1
(Augusta, Ga, July 13.? The infant ?
child of Patrick J. Toomey, 217 Mc- ?
Kinney street, is suffering from what *
the attending physician has reported i
to the board of health as infantile *
paralysis. *
<
Reported in Athens, Ga. ?
Athens, Ga, July 13.?Three cases s
of infantile paralysis were reported ?
here today. All are children of cot- *
ton mill workers. <
1
HUNGRY GUARDSMEN
LOOT AND DESTROY
r
c
New Yorkers Make Baid on Stores
and Commission Houses in /
Cleveland.
Cleveland, Ohio, July 12.?Seven
hundred militiamen from New York
passing through Cleveland left their
train this afternoon at a local depot I
and raided nearby stores and com- 1
mission houses, taking food and mer- 1
chandise and destroying what they i
did not carry away. ]
Riot calls were turned in and ?
squaas or patrolmen answerea in j
emergency patrols. The soldiers
were driven back to the train by a <
squad of 20 armed men ordered out
by Maj. T. iM. Moynahan, command- ;
ing the train. Some of the soldiers 1
said they had not eaten in 36 hours. ?
DIAMONDS OX U-BOAT ]
Reported Important Part of Sub- '
) Marine's Cargo. J
London, July 13.?It has been 1
learned from a good source, says 1
Reuter's Amsterdam correspondent, ^
in a dispatch today, that the principal {
object of the voyage of the German (
commercial submarine Deutschland
to the United States was to convey 1
a consignment of diamonds which it 1
had hitherto been impossible to ex- ?
POrt. ;
1
Malaria or Chills & Fever:
Prescription No. 666 is prepared "especially
for MALARIA or CHILLS & FEVER. ?
Five or six doses will break any case, end
if taken then as a tonic the Fever will not j
return. It acts on the liver better than
Calomel and does not gripe or sicken. 25c
SMITH WRITES STORY
OF LOCOMOTIVE ENGINEER
Says It Contains a (*ood Moral for J
the (ieonria Legislature.
I
K. Smith in Atlanta Journal.
Not long ago. while riding on the \
train with an engineer who pulls the
throttle on one of the fastest passen-1
-er trains in Georgia, he told me the
following story:
The work of the engineer is not
what it usod to be. In addition to
" xtchirg ti:e track ahea i. and feeling
ihe responsibility of il'je pas-:en-ers.
01 the wo:::--n and children asieep in
the coaches far behind, there now
iias come the new danger which more j
than taxes every faculty.
;
"Not Ion? ago I left a certain ;arge,
:*ity, .sitting in the cab of a Mogul en-!
::r.e. 1 had a run of 17". miles. We '
; ulled out of the staiion on time. :
ind me were two day coaches, four i
Pullman cars and the usual baggage
muI express cars. Altogether I suppose
there were 12."> souls under my
- i
Krect care. I eased the throttle open \
I
ind we pulled out across the laby* j
"inth of tracks and woods until wo j
rot. into the onen country. It was a j
noonless night and yet there seemed j
.0 be a fair amount of light. I opened j
ler up because my schedule called for
ibout 60 miles an hour. I felt the
;remor of the giant power beneath
my hand as we spun through the
ights and shadows, over crossings
ind through small villages.
"It was not long before I was conscious
of a bright light occasionally j
n the high.way road which ran paral- j
el with the railroad traces. 1 xook a
lasty glance to the right from my
;ab window and saw four men in an
intomobile racing with my train?
acing with death?racing for nothng?racing
for mangled bodies possibly.
The driver of the automobile I
:ould see was determined to reach it
possible a small town at the same
ime I did, or ahead of me. In the
? i ? -f +v>?r. +/-VTI-11 + Vicivo TX*UC a mil
tJIill C ui Lilio lunu wviv VKJ W
oad crossing in which the country
oad crossed the railroad tracks. Havng
these passengers behind me, soma
isleep, some awake, mothers with ba- j
)ies, men of business with important l
:ngagements to keep, all of this fiash?d
through my mind, and I wondered
vhere my duty lay, to halt and hesiate
with this train because some idle,
?,a?i o-Vit A qo + Vi i n frAn t of
CCJB.XC&S JXLC.Lt ovugxu ubuui ^ ?- i
ny engine, or to go on and keep to i
ay schedule. I decided on the latter,
ml did my duty.
"There is nothing more horrifying,
here is nothing that strains the
j
serves of a human being, there is I
icthing that makes the heart stand
;till quicker, tiiere is noinmg more
sorrowful, more pitiful or more agonzing
than to realize that you have unntentionally
mangled a human beng,
snuffed out a life. Life to me
s serious. With tons of steel quivering
beneath me, going at rapid
speed, a poor, frail human body I
stands little chance. I kept to my j
schedule, I approached this town, I j
saw the car racing on the road. I j
1 J X i-T-.'-l- ~ ~TI-AOll/} I
?OUKl QCJL I ill UK tiici L an v in an ** uuiu
De so foolhardy as to attempt to cross
in front of a fast passenger train
svhen he knew, could see and hear
md feel the train beside him, and yet,
iust as my train came in sight of the !
crossing, came closer to it, in a moment
there was a flash, and my headlight
showed the fenders of this automobile
were caught, that human
bodies flew into the air. I had my
land on the air throttle ready to jam
Lhe brakes to the utmost. I did this,
but it was too late. One of the men
tvas instantly killed. The others were
mangled, some fatally, some less seriously.
The automobile was a wreck
and I was almost a wreck, and yet I
had to go on."
This is the story of the locomotive
?ngineer.
Before ne leit ne saia: "i win ten
pou one thing more. Each day that I
take out my train foolhardy men and
sometimes women race with my train,
rhey cross in front of it, making narrow
escapes. Often I see in these cars
women and children, and I want to
:ell you right now if ever my engine
runs into a car where there is a bahy
ind after stopping my engine find
:hat a helpless soul has been carried
:o the Great Beyond right then is the
last time I ever will pull a throttle
" ^ ? T ? ? ? ?"D i 4 V?rtr? T n i
JI <X lUUUUiULlVC. AVlfcilt tllCl-L JL Ai-U I
lone."
The object of this story is to call j
:o the attention of the Georgia legis- j
iature the fact that they could bv le- i
i
?al enactment do away with railroad
tradings all over Georgia. Each year
:he toll of human life grows larger
vnrf iar2pr. A few vears aso when
;he senate was in session a message
tvas flashed to the president of the
>enate that one most dear to him had
^one. Her car in crossing a i^Uroad
.rack was struck by a train.
The writer some years ago outlined
?
I
a plan that would be fair both to the 1
railroads and the counties through j
which they pass, in looking to the I
elimination of railroad srrade cross- I
i
inus. that is, tor underpass or over-;
i
head bridges, the railroads to -furnish j
the material of construction and the
counties with their convicts to :lo the
won. This seems c<i litable and fair
to Ticth rarties. The State iet t::!erudition
remain when it could i,r>
remedied in short order ar.-l all -rad?
crossings gradually done away with.
To the men and women who drive
a /' :n >1 dies this appeal al.-o is made.
!i n:,t f >r your own sake, for God's i
sake think oi the locomotive engineer l
and the lives urvler him. and when
:i feo! tempted to race with a train !
and n:ake a crossing ahead oi it. I re- j
peat, for God's sake don't do i(
I ' /'!i;! I
^ ' - " ^ ^" ~. ^ j|
The "Clubby"
Smoke
You start something lively !
when you produce "Bull" Durham
in a crowd of live wires
and start "rolling your own/*
That fresh, mellow-sweet fra- I
grance of "Bull" Durham
makes everyone reach for "the
makings.'* A hand-rolled
"Bull" Durham cigarette brims
over with zest and snap and
the sparkle of sprightly spirits.
genuine:
Bum
? i
Durham
SMOKING TOBACCO
Made of rich, ripe Virginia- \
North Carolina leaf, "Bull"
Durham is the mildest, most
enjoyable tobacco in the world.
Its unique aroma and pleasing
flavor give you wholesome,
lacfinor satisfaction.
"Roll your own*'with "Bull" \
Durham and you'll discover a |
new joy in smoking.
_ [
A$k for FREE |
with each 5c
" -j
THE AMERICAN TOBACCO COMPANY, Inc.'
Overworking the Czar.
Atlanta Journal.
To the true Scot there is no place
like his land and no place like his
people. 'Not that he doesn't get away
from both as soon as he can. But
the pride is still there.
IWhen the Royal Scot Greys were
honored by Having me czar appuim.ed
as their honorary colonel, an officer
in the regiment told the news to
his servant.
"Donald," he said, "the czar of Russia
has been appointed colonel of our I
regiment."
"Indeed, sir, and is that so?" exclaimed
Donald. "It's a vejra fine
thing fur him." Then a puzzled expression
stole over his face and he
scratched his head thoughtfully. "Beg |
par-r-don, sir," he added, "but wull ire
be able to keep baith jobs?''
Sounded Queer.
"I like to clean up my work in a
hurry."
"1 find it advisable to string it out
a little, so that I will always have
something on my desk in case a bore
comes in." said his friend, taking up
some papers.
Then the other man looked at him
queerly and went out.?Philadelphia
Press.
fVmlHn't ffpjn It. i
"Doctor, my brother stepped in ft!
"hole and wrenched his knee, and now
he limps. "What would you do in a
case like that?"
"I'm afraid I should limp, too!"? <
Pittsburgh Post.
' i
Glass V
Don't put c
your Ice Tea Tur
other Glassware
just received a
ment. Rememt
counters. You
some very usefu
them. See my
Mayes Book & V<
m
The House of 10G(
-?iil-.
Wake up buSf
The Bell Telephone is the I
Ring up on the Bell.
You may talk about dull
your breath but it won't helj
breath to talk into your Bell Te
Ring up old customers, thei
of prospects, there is no quick
saves more time or expense.
If you haven't a Bell Tele
uan me dumucss unite iui laici
SOUTHERN BELL TELE
AND TELEGRAPH COJ
BOX 163. COLUMB
m m J1 - m XT. 1 ,
leiung me xruuu tuaries
It is not pleasant and profitable the tri
always to tell the truth in the col- as foil
umns of a newspaper. Men who have zen:
tried this heretofore have always
come to grief. Only a few days ago
the editor of a paper in Indiana grew w &
tired of being called a liar, and an- moutb
nounced that he would tell the truth the ni
in the future, and the next issue of an(j jQ;
the paper contained the following jje ow
liems: paper,
"John Bonin, the laziest merchant coui?
in town, made a trip to Belleville died Sj
yesterday. we thi
"John Coyle, our grocer man, is do- anythi]
ing a poor business. His store is an" ab<
dirty and dusty. How can he do frjen(js
much? V .grave,
"Rev. Styx preached last Sunday tom|)st
night on ' Charity.' The sermon was piace
punk- ...... . Publisl
"Dave Sonkey died at nis nome in
this place. The doctor gave it out as
heart failure. Whiskey killed him.
"Married?Miss Sylvan Rhodes and pittsbu
James Conuin, last 'Saturday at the
Baptist parsonage. The bride is a .
in one
very ordinarv town girl, who dosen t .. ?
the K<
know any more about cooking than a ^
jack rabbit, and never helped her
session
mother three days in her life. She is . .
. , , fering
not a beauty by any means, and has chec^
a ait like a duck. The groom is an
? , , I man, >
up-to-date loafer. He has been liv '
by the
ing off the old folks at home all his/
an old
life, and is not worth shucks. It . , ,
, the fol
will be a hard life.
three-p
"The governor of our great state, a ment \
very ordinary man, and who was
elected bv accident, was here yester- ! ??
The
day. He has very few friends here
now. He promised some of the vot- greete(]
ers of this precinct a piece of pie in (*eman(
event of his election, but had forgot- ^it}l ai
ten all about it when the time to "I gi
hand over the little office rolled Sunday
around." ladle.
Which reminds us of an Illinois tit in
editor who became tired of wielding I <3oot
the whitewash in the matter of obi- o' the i
.
Vare
.cc i : .
in uuymg
nblers and
5. I have
new ship>er
my 10c
will find
1 things on |
window.
iriety Store
) Things
rLss! |
D lliifit fl
Jig JUCU OX JUUSiilVMt
times 'till you lose
j matters, save your
lephoae.
1 start on a fresh list
:er way ? none that
phone, get one now. j
^ |
PHONE #??1% 1
1PANY UJpj7
WSIf j
I A, S. C. Jj
i, decided to reform and tell
ith just once. He commented
ows upon the death of a citi- ?
d?Aged fifty-sjx years, six m
s and thirteen days. Deceased 9
mild nnuiiiwcu ?.?*** ? _
for whiskey. He came here iQ
ght with another man's wite ||
ined the church at first chance. M
res us several dolars for the M
a large meat bill and you
hear him pray six blocks. He J
nging 'Jesus Paid It UL11,' and m
nk he is right; he never paii l?|
ig himself. He was buried in ,!i!|
?stos casket, and his many
i threw palm leaf fans in his 1
as he may need them. His
one wil be a favorite resting
for hoot owls."?From the
' J
Money Came Back.
irgh Chronicle. '$jf?
ffering was taken not long ago
of the churches in Scotland for ^
. J /-?_? Ttip n^onle
ill V>fUSB BUV.1CV ? - x * -reely
of their savings and the
l clerk, as usual, took the ofto
the bank and refnitted by
to headquarters. One old wovho
kept a small shop moved flfl
appeal had given a keepsake?
crooked three-penny piece. On
lowing Tuesday that identical
ienny bit was offered in pay
>y a schoolboy. It roused her H
not a nine.
minister happening to call was ^0
1 in such sharp tones that he Ifl
led an explanation. It came 9
a outburst: , 1
ed my siller to the sojers on Mi
and I saw it gag into the
'And yet here it is agane, bantae
me ain shop on Tuesday? ^
the puir sojers bae got nane
siller." , \ ]
\

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