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V OF BOLL WEEVIL
m^l E. J. Watson Says That Boll
Weevil Will Invade South C arolina.
m Before Winter, Except Stopped by j
V iFrost?Greatest Damage Always,
I>one Year Alter Invasion?Whoh,
W State 3fa^ Be Infested and Plagued
Columbia, Nov. 24.?Unless stoppeu
by frost, the boll weevil will be across
l the Savannah river, into Barnwei!
k.. county, before the winter. And if he
W travels at the same rate that he ha^
f traveled during the past two years,'
he will have covered by the end of j
next year the western side of the
state in the territory between the San- j
tee and the Savannah rivers, with .Co-;
^umbia as the upper basis, the line
r "representing the extent of his mi- j
gration then slanting westward, prob- j
ably touching the lower part of An- !
i riorsnn county.
Such is the opinion of Col. E. J.
t Watson, state commissioner of agriA
culture, who has been in Georgia,
where the boll weevil now is, ans
W^here he attended in Augusta a boll
W weevil conference of South Carolin
ians, living along the Savannah river.
V along with Georgia planters, under!
? the auspices of the board of ento- j
B -mology of the state of Georgia.
^ Colonel Watson said that the meet- j
ing was profitaoie ana 01 great vaiue.
) The weevil this year in Georgia, he
said, had destroyed about 25 per cent
of the total farm products of forty
counties of the state, jneasured in doK
lars. A short time ago the weevil
V*ras within forty miles of Augusta.
He is also in Burke county, just
across the Savannah from lower Aiken
and Barnwell, and the opinion expressed
by the commissioner as to his
n UtltMDtR /
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f 0 ami T. F..
(East Main St.
! Don't Put it O
I I -ate. Decic
| Klfetey C.
v?rar vrey jggsB %BBJ "
I Made the Ki
ti -.1 :?
lie auuvc 111
Lf FOR ONL
Cash or Ea
being in Barnwell county this winter
unless frost stops him, is based upon
his travel rate as estimated aurin^
the past two years.
If the weevil should cover the state
iin f<-> Pnlnmhia
tc UiC OdillvJ tu WiUiii"?w
and thence to a line stlanting westward
to Anderson, by next year, tlie
following year, in the opinion of Colonel
'Watson, would put him across
the whole state and the Piedmont
conditions and climate are ideal for
Ms approach. The present indications
serm to be that he will have
covered the state by the end of the
year 1918. and that in 1918 he wih
be doing damage in approximately
one-third of the State.
The estimate given refers to the
migration of the weevil and does not
mean that he will do any harm in this
state next year. The history of the
in thnt thp d a m _
wcevii occuio iu .. v..v.?
age comes the following year to the
area which has been covered. For instance,
while there has been considerable
damage in forty counties in
Georgia this year, the weevil has covered
an area considerably greater than
the forty counties in which the damage
has resulted. If he should cover
the western portion of the state next
year, the damage resulting would
come the following year, and so on,
the whole state being within his
clutches, so far as damages is con
cernrd, during lyiy. out a consiueiable
P3rt of the state Buffering during
1918, and the immediate . crritory
in the Barnwell section, contiguous
to Burke cqunty, Georeia. unless
frosts cut him off, feeling his effects
rext year. ;
The situation is very sprious at this;
time, in the opinion of Colonel Watson,
State Entomogolist. Worshen,
~ ' --y
ff 'Till Its too
le I oday on
ic Records I
of Georgia, he said tris morning has
probably put up the most intelligent
and effective fight that has yet been
luadr against the weevil 3 approach.
Quite a number of varieties of cotton
have been developed in Georgia to
meet the wvevil conditions, 3ome of
which we already have in South Carolina,
which can be used to tremendous
advantage. "For instance," said
Colonel Watson, "the Toole pedigreed
ii hts the weevil very well, and they
have another variety that fights him
if or than that, called the Express,
which has not yet been introduced in
this state, that has proven the best
fighter ever found, and in many instances,
where the cultivation and
other conditions have been favorable,
they have suceeded in raising
a bale of cotton to the acre under
boll weevil conditions. Of course,
there is more or less hysteria, out in
Georgia they are all taking notice,
from the information furnished them,
and it behooves the people of South
Carolina to get ready."
How to Get Ready,
j Diversified farming is the only ef|
fective weapon against the boll weevil
danger. That the grain market offers
great inducements to farmers, has
been pointed out in previous issues. Of
course it is not email grain alone wo
> recommend, there ought to be truck,
forage, poultry and cattle raising,
everything necessary to ferd man and
i beast should be produced on the farm.
Recent cattle shows have given a s;oo<i
impetus to cattle raising, and as a
money maker it is a ve*y good branch
of diversified farming. The grain crop
| however, promises better .prices now
j than perhaps ever before in tne his|
tory of the United States. A close
j study of our today's figures under the
[caption. "The Wheat Market,'' ie herej
The credit system is the curse of the
1 cotton belt. It sweeps the earnings
of toil from the masses into ine coners
of the few. Some ypars aeo the commissioner
of agriculture of Georgia
pftpr on refill innuiry of several hundred
found that the averaee ratps
chare^d the farmers for extension of
cprfit from Anril and May to October
and November was o4 p^r cent per annum,
over and above the cash nrice.
Wives and children were compelled to
wo^k in the hoat and cold from January
until December to pay the r?4 per
c^nt credit profits. Diversification of
crops will practically abolish the
Grow Rather Than Import Produets.
We are sending millions of dollars
to other sections of the country every
year to pay for farm products. Diversification
of crops will keep this
money at home, our banks will be
f 11 to overflowing and tho rate of interest
lowered to say, 6 per cent, because
of the abundance of money.
Then we will havp the necessary monImmaammmmmammmtL.
Solicit Y our
their lines w
The more Modera
A? 1.1 rk?
v/r uic V/iic
Here we are in th<
ey to pay good teachers De'tcr gam*- |
' ies 10 teach longer terms; money to j
build comfortable homes and ^ooa
^ ckfinin onr farms i
1 UdUO ouu iu vm. .v-. .
The growing of every farm product'
necessary for home use, will curtail
the production of cotton, raise the
price to at least twelve cents per
pound and keep the cotton money at
home. This will mean prosperity and
life on the farm will then be free, un;
fettered by the fonds of promissory
j obligations and our position in the
| world made conspicuous by thai mde'
pendence which the farmer alone can
enjoy in the fullest significance of the
, Millions Sfnt Out For Live Stock j
i Every farmer should raise his own
farm work stock. It is true that mil-j
i lions are sent out of the cotton belt
! each year for mules and horses but
this is not the main reason why our
attention is called to this subject at
; this time. Probably one of the two,
chief causes of poverty in the cotton '
| belt is the one-horse plow-. The small j
j mule and a turning plow is a guaran- ;
' t^e of shallow soil devoid of vegetable!
j Farmers who buy their work stock j
j never have enough for the most eco- j
! nomical productions of crops, we nave
about one-fourth the horse power and
earn about one-fourth as much money
as farmers in some other sections
of the country.
j Farmers who buy feedstuffs to feed!
nloxv teams never raise sufficient farm |
work stock to supply their needs. Wei
buy feedstuffs and this is the main rea-;
son why we have about one-fourth as:
many horses and mules as farmers in!
' other sections of the country.
We can save the millions of dollars
paid out for mules and horses each
year and bring in millions from the
sale of mules and horses, but a great-j
er profit will come from securing in j
this way sufficient work stock for,
I economical crop production. I
i "What a One-Crop System Means.
I 1. Poor soil.
' 2. Small crops.
3. The credit system.
4. Work unevenly distributed.
n. Injurious insects and plant diseases.
6. Cotton money sent to other sections
for farm products.
j 7. Scarce money and hi?h rate of.
I S. Poor people, poorly equipped
uncomfortable homes, bad
| r.~ads. poorly paid teachers i ad
I 'It is- eetimted that between $3,000,000
and $4,000,000 worth of liquor
is stored away in the private cellars j
of Virginians. It begins to look as if.
i Virginia will merely be "constructively
- - *i _ I!
s Portraits i
'hat Please I
ite Priced Photo- I
3s, Art /^5S\
Music \S /J !
e "Swellest Studio
i 0 I T E
L T E r s
! East Main St.
^ Phone 358
WILL FLOOR TEXTS I
FOB M1LFTIA BOYS
Adjutant General Considers Plan for
Comfort of Returning: Xational
W. W. Moore, adjutant general, began
to pr< pare yesterday for the return
of the First regiment. National
Guard of South Carolina, to Camp
* "'"oro ?t Stvx in Lexington county.
The regiment has been ordered back
by the war department and is expected
to reach Camp Moore in about 10
days. The adjutant general wko considering
plans yesterday for flooring
the tents at Camp Moore.
Opinion was divided in military
1 ? i. ^ ^,.1, Vi ^ fr\T> +>wm
L'irciets LU wuctuci un uiuci iui n-o
return of the Second regiment will
be issued in a few days. The opinion
was expressed that Troop A. cavalry,
Charleston Light Dragoons, will
be kept on the border for several
months, because of the great efficiency
of the unit.
It is probable that Capt. J. M. Gra-'
ham, IT. S. A. wbo has been on duty
at mobilization camps in the North,
will be ordered back to Columbia to
muster out the South Carolina
troops. He is the inspector-instructor
of the South Carolina National
Guard, and was detailed temporarily
to thp work in the North. i
TVio srtintanf ?eneral Raid vester
day that Camp Moore is in fairly
good condition for the reception of
the troops. Floors for the tents is
thp immediate need of the camp
and Gen. Moore ie now making estimates
as to the cost of the work for
the department of the East.
"I believe that the troops will be
returned to South Carolina in about
10 days,'' said the adjutant general.
The actual mustering out of the various
companies will require several
weeks. It is safe to pay that the men
and officers of the First regiment,
after three months' duty on the border.
will be returned to their home
" " * ?^ - T\ AAAWtV/Mt
stations eariy in ucucmuci. i
The First rearimpnt is now considered
one of the best in the border
service. The companies won high
praise from the officers in command. :
The Heart of a Woman.
Laugher and sunshine and etory,
Beauty and sweetness and trust; j
Courage and grandeur and glory, j
Shadaws and darkenss and dust?j
All things of light and of foving
The heart of a woman contains,
Grand virtues, great sweetness and
Peace, happiness, passion and pain.|
One moment it blooms liKe a garden.
With every sweet bloesom life1;
A vale of i/?* r?oace of the ag2o\
And then o'er the darkness and doubting
The wings of a storm sweep the skies.
And the garden is tossed in the tempest,
And the value in a dark duin lies. '
One moment so pitiful, so tender.
And then all the rage and the
Fill its beating with infinite shadows
Au it raves against infinite fate.
One moment so true and so loving
So clinging and gentle and sweet;
All the song of life sweeping its
Every blossom of life in its beat.
And yet with all changing and travail,
All sorrow and aching and cross,
All sunshine today, then tomorrow
Cost down in the grief of some loss;
And yet with its battle and thunder.
Its April of showers and of shine,
God, give me the heart of a woman
And take all the rest that is mina 1
?The Benztown Bard. '
Str Mike Brown is dead! I under- 1
stand tliat his life was insured for
$50,000. That will provide for his '
widow very nicely, provided she in- 1
vests it wisely. j Yes,
but the indications are that she'
is thinking of investing it ir* another t
husband.?Chicago Tribune. I
If it isn't here next year the
the year after and it is just goo
prudence on the pirt of every f
stuffs for man and beast at hom
wheat and oats, corn, hogs, and
not be hurt so much by the boll
The man who has these thing
I out of a crop ot cotton will De 1:
strikes him. ^
Now is the time to sow wheit
to make grain, if you are in ear
you sow and use the Anderson
takes the "ifi" out of making g
^ >1 **+
W. F. FARME
SeeJGresham & Speer
William Jennings Bryan, great
preacher, peer of any in the teachings
of prohibition and of general morality,
discredited secretary of State,
uince aeieaieu caauiaaie tor uie presidency,
former Peerless Leader, and
so on. must f?el a glow of great an?
quiet satisfaction at the apparent outcome
cf this election. Bryan, many
years a?o. strove mightily to unite the
South and the West, to form an offensive
alliance which would defeat
the money centers, and the thickly
populated centers of the East. Up
a;.<i down the country he went, preaching
the union of the South and West.
Orce he came very near accomplishing
the end he sought, his free silver advocacy
appealing to the West. But
never could he quite realize his dream.
It has been characteristic of this man
that he does not realize any of his
dreams for himself, yet sees them realized
through the agency of others.
He is essentially a propagandist, but
unsuccessful in efforts to get for himself
the high places.
Sow, and when it was not expected,
Bryan sees the South, and the West
combine, and in the most marvelous
fashion, win, or seemingly win, one
of the greatest races evtr known. The
East was almost as solidly Republican
as the South was Democratic.
The tsates, ordinarily thought to be
pivotal, to be all important, find themselves,
"with the exception of Ohio, on.
the losinfr sidp. Political nrpdi^tirvna
are scattered and sorned. All "dope"
has been upset The South, Democratic
by prejudice, predilection, conviction
and every other way, found
an unexpected ally in the West. The
(West, content with good pricee, the
place where radical ideas scare no
one, the progressive part of the country?the
Golden West, came grandly
to the rescue of the South and placed
in the Democratic column the votes
so sorely needed. The same West
that had been regarded as the rightful
stamping ground of the fiery Colonel,
heeded not to the wild appeals
of this great man. The West did what
Bryan has long begged it to do. The
West proved itself unbound by political
prejudice; showed itself conten
to let well enough alone, indicated
its preference for nonoraoie peace.
The outcome of the election is little
short of marvelous. The small
states rose up and won the day. Ths
big states, "hitherto dictators, the
states which were thought essential,
are left out in the cold. The Democratic
party,?no, not the party so
much, but the Democratic nominee,
defeated a united Republican party,
beat the greatest political organization
this country has ever known. The
President, had he not been greatly
superior in strength to his party,
would have gone down in defeat. It
is the West that the President has t&
thank for the victory, and that victory
is sweeter because it came in an unexpected
manner, because it overthrew
traditions and standpat paths
of procedure. Candidates were judged
on merit and not fully because of
The dream of Bryan came true.
The South and the Wfest, combined, are
stronger than the East and NoriA.
Maurice E. McLoughin, the lawn
tennis champion, was talking about
a player who had failed to make good.
The man won't train, he said. He
won t work. He won't deny himself.
His disposition is a good deal like the
;Wfe.nt a job diggin' potatoes? a
farmer asked a tramp.
Yes, the tramp answered, if ye
mean diggin' "em out o' the gravey.?
DViJloi?q1 r\Vlio T cror
Your attention is called to eectlorv
5 of the ordinance levying the tax for
city's revenue. It reads:
"That all taxes herein imposed shah
be paid between the 1st day of October
and the 1st' day of December.
1916, and a penaky-of ten per cenv
is hereby imposed and shall be added
to all taxes not paid prior to December
Please attend to the matter.
J. W. Cliapman,
Clerk and Treasurer.
chances are that it will be Here
d business, it is jusst common
aimer to raise his own food
e. The farmer who has his
[ molasses cane at heme will
;s to buy and pay for them
ti trouble when the boll weevil
: and oats, if you really want |
nest about it, fertilize it when
Kish and Blood goods. That
^rain. Now is the time. '
~ t n
, Greenwood, o. u j