jjljs leralD und Jots.
KaUrMl at tk? PoatcScs at N?w-:
"wry, 9. C.? at 2nd class matter.
E. H, AULL, EDITOR.
- - ? j
Tuesday, January IT, 1922
This issue of the DaDer is printed
under very great disadvantages. If,
something: should be left out or some
error should occur you will please
tear with us.
We dislike to make apoliges or
state for a little while, (but hope soon
to be organized a little better, and
then our linotype operator was called
to Edgefield on account ot tne aeaui
of a relative and we have to do the
best we can.
We dislike to make apologies to
excuse but under the present conditions
in the office feel that we
- - - -? '
"To do the thing tna& is rignt, mc
thing that you know is right. You
can always afford to take your stand
on the side of the right whatever your
line of work, or the responsibilty laid
This is a quotation from an article
? ? ? -
we read in the A. K. Jfresoycerian ui
recent date. It struck us as being so
true that we can not help passing the
sentiment on .to the readers of The
Herald and News. It sometimes takes
a little moral courage to take the
stand, but it is the only true position
to take, and when you do there is no
doubt about results. And then sometimes
you may have to stand fierce
?i-inor cnr?V? a stand, but
CrilrtClS>IIi XVI ? ,
"when you feel and know you are
right the only true course is to stand
up and take the criticism and it will
all end well.
The death of my old friend Mr.
Geo. P. Griffin at Prosperity the other
day calls to mind the days of the
lor.g ago, and somehow I jus-: can not
keep from writing a line 3r two about
it. Maybe it will be of interest and
bv some of the many readers cf
The Herald and News. Now and
again my mind wanders back to the
days when we lived down at the Aull
hills, and to the scenes that were
enacted during: the happy days cf
childhood. And I recall the faces cf
the men who then were young, 'out to
me seemed old men, and Mr. Griffin
is one of those who was an actor aired
those scenes that come to me. I do
not say, and I am not one who is all
the time preaching, that the old days
were better than the days of the present.
Human nature has been very
much the same all through the ages.
There are good men and women in all
the eras of the world, and there are
those who are not so good. There
are those who make life the better for
their having lived, and sometimes I
wonder if there are not those who
seem to have pleasure in imakng those
around them unhappy, and life seems
- - ^ -L- ,
to be a ouraen 10 mem.
Those old days were pleasant days,
and the people were not in such a
hurry, it seems to me, to go somewhere
and then come back, and in a
great hurry in both directions and not
accomplishing a great deal either.
But then there were no automobiles
and no trucks and electric pdows and
many of the other things that we have
today. But it was a time when men
and boys like Mr. Griffin had just returned
from a bloody and hard fcught
war, and one which had not been
waged on such scientific plans and
with such long range deadly guns and
deadly gas as were used In the great
world war, but the men from the
south who fought it suffered many
hardships and piivations. There
were no first aid and second aid hospitals
with all the trained nurses and
the other conveniences and contrivances
to make even the hardships and
dangers of war more pleasant. There
were no airplanes and no fighting in
+ np air nr with the manv other things
now used in war. TLe people and the
civilization have advanced in the
method? and instruments of destruction
just as they have in the comforts
of life. When these boys came home
from that struggle at -the beginning.
of planting time they came home to |
empty larders and barren cribs and a '
country devastated by the march and
destruction of the enemy. They did
not ccmplain and grumble about the
hard times but they went to work to
restore their land and their homes
and to 'build a new South. A very
great proportion of the man power
of the country from the boys on up
to the old men had been engaged in
the actual war and only women and
the slaves had remained at home, me
slaves had been faithful and true,
and but for this there may have been
even greater privation than these men
in their torn and tattered uniforms
found when they reached their homes. (
They were to he home once
more, but their ranks were very muc
broken. Many of the flower of th
young manhood as well as th
strength of the old man-hood had bee
left on the field of battle. But thi
is not intended to oe in any sense ;
reminiscence of the war or war time:
.'because 1 have very fiint recollection
of those days, but of the scenes jus
following those times.
My father had a mill at the ol<
hills which ground wheat and corn an
sawed lumber, and which had been ii
the service of the Confederacy during
all the war times. The old mill house
a two story building which stood alonj
side the branch at the foot of th
hills, is no more, and he had two bur
mill stones or rocks, and he groum
wheat during the summer, beginning
as soon as the grain was dry enoug!
to turn into flour after the harvest
ana the mill never shut down excep
for Sunday from the time the grind
ing season began until about the firs
of September, and he usually groun<
up from 20,000 to 30,000 bushels o
wheat each season. There were bus;
times around the old mill in thos
days, and men who raised their owi
bread would engage days way ahea*
for their grinding days, and the;
would come from miles around an<
camp until they got their flour. Ant
on Friday he would put one of th<
mill stones to the grinding of corn
because in those days the farmer
would eat their own home raised con
bread as well as their Jiome raise*
wheat bread, that is the farmers win
made any sort of success of the bus
iness of farming. And we wou!<
grind from a hundred to a hundrei
and fifty bushels of corn each week
Of course that was after the first yea:
when the men who had been in thi:
great war had had time to make j
crop. They came heme in April an;
went to work with what they had am
made a crop. There was not mud
that they had with which to work
but they soon managed to get some
thing oecause they worked and thei
worked some more.
Well, what has all this to do wit)
Mr. Geo. Griffin. There were n<
trucks and autos in those days follow
' ' i 1? -C ?
mg tne war, dui neariy eveij lauuc
who did any farming to amount ;to an;
thing had a good team of mules an<
wagons, and my father had in thos<
days fine mules and well groomed an<
good wagons. He Lad to have then
in order to carry on the business, b?
cause the old boiler he had at the mil
in those days was one of the bi;
things about four feet in diameter an<
some sixty feet .Ion? and wiihou
tubes and it had a smaller joile
along side this big: one called 'In
heater. It took about three hours t<
get up steam and about a cord o
wood but when you got up the stean
you had some steam. And then i
burned about three or four cords o
wood a day, and so it took seme con
wood to keep the thing hot and steam
ing. And Mr. George Griffin, a your;
man inst. back from the war, came t<
work at the mill and he drove one o
the teams and he was considered on
of the best wagoners in that sectioi
and took a great pride in keepir.
his mules looking well and in gco<
condition and he could haul a loa<
with that team and I used to thin]
if I could drive a wagon like Mr
Grifim why my whole ambition woul<
'be satisfied, I mean a four mul*
team. And then my father had an
- ? r> nfVo + j
oiner wagoner in muse uajs, <* ?.uk.
man, Mr. Boland, "who was also i
good man, but my recollection is tha
it was the impression of me and th<
negro boys that Mr. Boland could no
always get his team to pull the loa<
that Mr. Griffin could from his team
In other words there was a sort of ar
and science in the driver by whicl
his team would be all goud pull to
gether -mules, or if some of then
would balk now and then or stall,
reckon that is a good -word in thi
connection, at any rate that is wha
we would say, that is me and the ne
gro boys \vho were my playmates ii
those good old days. The old hill
then were alive with the activities o
the times and it w*as a public placi
and the mill was off the public roai
though my father in his day usuall;
kept the road pretty well worked si
that the wheat and corn wagons coul<
get 10 ine mm wun uieir gum <an<
get away with the flour and meal.
There may not be as much whea
grown in this section now as ther
once was. In fact soon after the oL
mill was taken down and moved t
Greenwood county, then Edgefield
the Prosperity wheat mill, "VYheele
and Mosley, owners, or Brown am
Moseley, was established and it pros
perea for awhile, but soon the rolle
mill process came along- and it mad
white flour and many of the goo'
housewives preferred "bought flour
as they called it, and of course tha
V?o/l o tonflonrir rn srnn thp frrowin
of wheat, because tiuve were no rolle
mills in this section tho.\ Sat w'ne
tpey did come, as thev did of course
that 50 it or rut thr >1 I hr. j i,.*'
h'stones out of the busino?.?.
e I should sa>-, of course, tl.n! u*e had
n'a let of "bought corn' tc prind in
s|those days, hut it was t:\'-? I'tJ.i. just
a as the diveisification propaganda is
5,' tr.i - today, that the far.uer who had
? "hono-nt ?orn:' to grin 1 to get hi- corn
;t bread as i rule was in cleot, and hal
; poor mules and no waj?o:i woth
| speaking about, and the lesson learni
ed in this way at that time has made
d me as editor of The Herald and News
i 'for the past thirty-five years a strong
- ? ' r?oraistent advocate jf the raising
? "* ' ?
>, on the farm what was needed for the
t farm, and then all the cotton you can
e grow regardless of the price, and the
r farmer who has followed that rule is
d not today feeling the pinch of hard
r times, oecause he does not owe any1
h one for what he has eaten and can j
'get along very well even if he does]
1 nf pntton. as he has
? IT13K6 a great u^cw ^^? 7
- not been in the habit of making much j
t cotton. Tut diversification to that'
i extent is an old song for The Herald
f and News, and has been sung for ma-.'
y ny years in these columns. It is a
e pleasure to have so many good people
i join in the chorus and help to carry
i the tune. May be it will come. This
y diversification we are talking about,'
i and have been for so many years.
1 J ?Ml m?]]
0 -1 116 01Q mill >vaa iivw w* -
but made mighty pretty and good
s flour. On one of the cloths he had
1 what he called first quality and then I
3 second quality and then middlngs and
3 shorts and bran and he usually got
. k'cout 40 to 45 pounds of first quality
i flour from the bushel of wheat, bell
sides the other grades and the bran
and after the toll was taken out,
r which in those -days was the tenth lor
s wheat and the eighth for corn. Why
i more toll for corn I never could uni
derstand, because there is less work
1 in the ginding except that it was not
1 worth as much as wheat. Flour sold
then from ten to twelve dollars the
. barrel. The same old mill is standing
i up at the new home in Greenwood
(nuntv. but it has never done the ser
I " '
jvice it did down at the old hills. The
i people up there never grew the wheat
;> they did down 'here, and then they
. would take it to the mill all the year
r round just like we used to grind corn,
f and it never seemed the same mill afj
ter it was moved away. The eld mill
; house and the dam in the creek and
i the long box that brought the water
i to the mill, and all the evidence of
. the old days at the hills has disappear1
ed, and there is nothi/ig left there
r of the other days as evidence of what
i they were except the hills and the old
t house and the branch and the oines,
r and the spring of clear and cool and
r. sparkling water that comes through
3 the rocks at the foot of the everlastf
T have Ion? had a desire to return
f there and end my days among the
] scenes of my booy'iood, jut have nev.
er been able financially to build so
t that I might live in some sort of com3
fort, but if I had the money to build
f a bungalow even, I would go back
g right now. But this feeling too is
! nothing but human nature as it lias
ever been. And it is good that iti
] should je that way, because this love
of native land and home and birth0
frtiinHnfinn fnr patriotism
? [JitVwC iO I'.IV X. V W?A&V?*? w.. ~ jC and
love of country and t'.iat which'
j makes us ready to give up life even
* in its defense.
E. H. A.
2 IMPRESSED WITH MEETING
TO DISCUSS FUTURE PLANS '
2 J ~~~I
I _ I was very much impressed with
that meeting- held in the court house
; on Saturday, the 7th. Dr. Brown
I should feel very much complimented.
1 He called the people together in a
business like manner, not as a farmers'
meeting, not as a bankers' meetj
ing, not as a merchants' meeting, not
as a lawyers' meeting, not as a meet*
ing ordered by the board of commerce,
but a meeting of the" whole
1 ; I
i I did not eet there at the beginning
^'of the meeting. Dr. Brawn had already
made his speech and I was sorp
ry that I missed 'hearing it. Mr. T.
M. Mills, the county' demonstrator,
^ iwas speaking when I went in. He
r\ ; #
was discussing the sweet potato industrv
along with other things. He
~ ^ VI A AA+AVAA ' 4" L"
: xi u u ci era it: ui vc^v jmv uv^lum iuh1
en from the curing house which he
! explained was the only way of pret
paring potatoes for shipment, savin?
e that potatoes had to go through a dry- j
ijing process before they could success-1
o (fully be shipped North. Mr. Mills
1, | said that the North h?.d only discovrjered
the value of the sweet potato in
d, the Dast few vears. And t!i-;re were
- - T.
>-1 only about one-iourrn ni ine p^opie
r now who knew anything about them,
e That there was a growing market up
ri Vnrfh and while the farmer could not
'' sell perhaps as much as 25 bus'iels of
t potatoes in our home market i.i a day
sr it would be no trou'ole to get sale for
r a car load. He read a telegram that
a he had received from the South Carolina
Sweet Potato association giving
1 thi "wire of sweot potatn^s '
|per bushel, f. o. b. shipping point.)
[Mr. Mills gav the farmers to under-!
stand that the sweet potato business'
I was a growing industry, and each one
could feel safe in adding to his farm
| an acre or two as a money crop.
| At the conclusion of Mr. Mills'!
speech Mr. John M. Kinard, president,
of the Commercial bank rose and j
made a ,e:y enthusiastic and pointed.!
'.talk. Mr. Kinard said that while mon-!
jey was not as plentiful as it was when |
cotton was 40 cents per pound, yet |
j there was plenty of money in the;
i banks to take care of ihe farming- in-'
, terests of the county. That there ,
was about three million dollars on de- j
posit in the three banks of the city i
and it was more the lack of collateral j
that stood in the way of borrowing
money than the scarcity of money.
He said that we had ibeen talking
about the situation for a long time, J
but the time had come -when we had :
to be plain with one another. That J
the ?)ble bodied tmen who spent half i
their time or more coming to tcrwn j
need not think that the bankers and !
merchants were not taking notice j
of them. He advocated diversified
farming, urged the farmers to plant a
limited amount of sweet potatoes as !
a money crop and raise all the grain,
hops. molasses, rice, vegetables and
all other food crops that were needed
on the farm. And he also showed the
importance of raising our own stock.
Mr. Kinard said that his bank had
made an effort about eight years ago
to encourage the farmers to improve
their cattle and hogs and TDecome
-more interested along this line, and
that he had ordered a nne reel roie
'bull and gave his service free to the
farmers, and 'bought a shipment of
fine heifers which he had sold just
at cost and bought a number of fine
shoats which he sold to the boys of
the different corn clubs at cost. But,
all these efforts :had proved of little:
value as only one or two had come j
back and had shown their apprecia?i
Mr. Kinard in discussing the many
things that stood in the way of our
progress and prosperity had the
Christian manhood to publicly denounce
a common-evil of his town,
that is, the bucket shop?the place
where people gamble over our cotton.
He said that this place had a great
tendency to influence and lead cur
ycurj men astray and into the ha'bit
of gambling, that when the cotton 1
market stood this morning:, say at 18
cents, here would cc-me a flying report
over the wire in a ifev/ hours
from the ga.m'olers up North saying
that some little dissatisfaction had
occurred in the peace conference and
down would go the market sometimes
more than a hundred points. This
1_ _ 1 !
Was SO mucn ill aixuiu wicu cciic.ment
until I 'couldn't keep my feet
still on the floor and there was a feel- |
]'ng of the same kind throughout the
Mr. T. K. Johnstone of the'National
bank and Mr. Marcus Spearman of
the Exchange bank were called upon
ov>rl 4!-?ov hr?+h rnsp arid in a brief wav
indorced the speech of Mr. Kinard,:
saying that he had about outlined the
Mr. Walter I. Herbert spoke in1
favor of adopting a creamery indus-i
try in the county. i
Mr. James W. Johnson, president
rVio r?"hnmhpr of commerce, made a |
very pointed talk upon the creamery j
project saying that they had made a (
great effort to get the farmers to >
take hold of the matter that he felt,
sure it would be a profitable movement.
But until now they have had
very little encouragement.
About the conclusion of the meeting
Senator Alan Johnstone rose and
in his usual way gave the farmers
to understand that there was but one
way to get out of this financial strain
and that way was by the diversified
plan of farming, that he had come to
the point himself, and that he was
feeling the benefit and he felt sure
that the farmers had begun to realize
more and more that somethirg else
had to be done besides depending upon
the all cotton system in the South.
All together this was a very interesting
meeting and I hope will prove;
profitable to one and all. We are all I
one people living under one common- j
wealth, so let us restore faith in one i
another and pull together that our!
old Southland may prove to be one of j
the greatest countries on God's green !
| T. J. W.
At "The New Book Store'' to..day, j
ht j a~n rj XK7fl/lnncr]n ^r ji i
iuoiiuay, tujiiuiiyw auu n i.uuuuv.t.j ~
representative of the Dennison Co.,
.Miss Turner, will demonstrate the
making of things from paper, wax and
other things. Hal extends an invita..
tion to all the ladies to visit his store
during Miss Turner's stay.
The Ladies of the Improvement
| Association of Burton School will
serve a hot supper on Friday night
jJan. 20th from 6..30 until 11 o'clock.
| At Mr. Will Bakers.
| The Piihlir i1? invited "to eomev
Condensed statement from re]
The Commercial Bai
at the close of bi
Loans and Investments
Overdrafts secured and unsec
Liberty Bonds (Unpledged) ...
Cash on hand and in banks
I Q n v?Y"k Ino o "n
kj Li J- jy 1 U.O CUiU X x vxaViu
Dividend No. 49 due January 1,
We wish our customers and
New Year. It gives us pleasuri
cellent statement of our bank
a prosperous one., and we confii
brine- pvftn greater 'orosnerity tc
O ? JL >. The
clouds of inactivity are rap
to a very marked change for g<
of endeavor during the good y<
To the Stockholders of The Commercial
Your Finance Committee begs to rei
of the affairs of the Bank through the c
that all accounts are in balance, as set :
10th, 1922, which is hereto attached and
It is gratifying to report that a deta
Bank discloses that they are well secured
sures a high degree of moral obligation.
Af+onfir>n iq ppIIpH to the stroncr oosi
Banks and its large holdings of Govern:
also that the correspondents of the Ban!
country. These things put the Bank in i
ing year in assisting the community thro
In closing this report the Committee
prudent and conservative course of the m
flation and uncertainties, and wishes a*
the Bank are in a splendid liquid condi
judgment and careful management.
JNO. M. KINARD, President.
FLOYD BRADLEY, Asst. Cash.
MISS TILLA WEST, Bookkeeper.
"The Bank that ah
A /VAA H fi'mo tft ATI'
n guuu uiiiv va*
?111/ 11U UI
port to State Bank Examiner of the
ik of Newberry, S. C.
isiness 31st Dec. 1921.
11 9 837 KK
> ? * a. i v v/
, 1922 3,000.00
friends a prosperous and happy
3 to call attention to the above exshowing
that the past year has been
dently expect the New Year to
) our customers and friends at large.
* 1 ---J 1 _ i?
'iaiy passing, ana we iuuk ?urwa.iu
sneral improvemnet along all lines
ViAINUt CUIVIiyil I ILL.
)ort that it has made a thorough examination
iosa of business January 10, 1922, and finds
forth in the Daily Balance Sheet January
made a part of this report.
" - - 1 J ~ v,?
.lied examination 01 me loans mauc uj ,uc
and that the personnel of the borrowers intion
of the Bank as to cash on hand and in
ment bonds which are unpledged, and note
t are among the strongest and best in the
i position to do its full share during the comugh
what may be a very trying period.
? ~ -1 - -1-1 f nrv Vl 7 CrVl 1V flip
1C CIS Lllct L 11/ UClIlIiUv V/U111111 y w 44?^ At* j
anagement through the period of recent derain
to emphasize the fact that the assets of
tion, which could result only from sound
W. H. HUNT,
GEO. W. SUMMER,
F. Z. WILSON.
J. Y. McFALL, Vice Pres. and Cashier.
JNO. M. KINARD, Jr., 2nd Asst. Cashier. ?
JNO. C. FLOYD, Collector.
& HUNTER, .Attys.
1 Ranlr I
jrry, S. C.
tmrvf c \mit Yioht"
If VM m ?
fcer your subscription
J M Aiirn
U dliu llCWd
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