Newspaper Page Text
VOLUME LVIII, NUMBER 23. NEWBERRY, S. C., TUESDAY, MARCH 21, 1922. TWICE A WEEK, $2.00 A YEAR
POWER IN SCHOOL
RECTOR OF TRINITY ADDRESSES
Stresses Character Building Possibilities
The State, 18.
"The power that lies in school athletics
is coming more and more to be
recognized, and the importance of
controlling: and supervising these ath
letics is demanding attention," said
Dr. Henry D. Phillips, rector of Trinity
Episcopal church, yesterday afternoon
in addressing school men and
women who had gathered at the Columbia
theater for the second general
session of the State Teachers' association.
"Most thoughtful men recognize
that the training of the physical man
is putting into the background the
training of the mental and spiritual
qualities. What are we going to do
"Athletics is taking more time than
Oiil/UiU. UC> VICU tw it VYHUV/ C4.1 V \ \J ^
school people going to do about it?"
"There is everywhere a tremendous
interest in school and college athletics.
We have gone mad on the subject
of athletics. If we build up a
strong group of citizens, it will be because
of the contributions made to
that citizenship by school teachers.
All of us see what an important part
athletics plays in the life of the school
and college boy and girl, and we are
also coming to know the value of athletics
as a trainer and developer of
Fair, Square; Honest
"Fair, square, honest athlerics will
produce fair, square and honest men.
We all know there have been irregularities
in athletics?whether these irregularities
begin i.i high schools or in
colleges we can not say. We know,
though, that they are there, ^nd it is
our duty to deal with them.
"A town wants to have a winning
ball te'am. The citizens of the town
wants a winner; some big strong boy,
a star player, not a bona .fide student,
nlflvx on the school team ?ind helos it
to win. What is the eifect of such
tactics on the other mer.ib.?r"? of the
team and on the boy himself? Is any
one deceived? Can you fool a boy?
Does he not know zfcat crooked athletics
are being indulged m? What
is the effect of such crookedness on
the student body?
"Over zealous alumni pay part of
a student's expenses to college so
that he may play foot :?a'l. Is this fair
and square athletics?
"Are we, through our athletics,
teaching our boys and girls that we
nAf nr\r*r\i\rck of A TO
we showing that we are honest : ? the
"In our high schools W3 have get
to require n < '?^ > *'1 of sVno'ar^.p.
*'We must let it known that a
boy who has not enough brains to
keep up with his classes has not
enough brains to play football ami to
engage in right and ethical practices
on the athletics field. We should let
our standards of ethics and honesty of
the classs room prevail on the athletic
field. Athletics is a power for good
or for evil, all depending on the way
it is managed. The management of
? A 1_ 1 _ J - ? ? * 4-U /\ /N /\ .?1 /.II f* M f
ainieucs is wormy ui mc sc attention
of our school men and school
women. Clean athletes, honest -ithletics,
square athle ics p. ).iuc3 -ncn
of cleanness, honesty and squareness."
Dr. Phillips was heard with much
interest and was warmly applauded
at the conclusion of his address.
Dr. Swearing^n Speaks
At the conclusion of the address
of Dr. Phillips, Dr. T. E. Swearingen,
state superintendent of education,
During the course of his remarks
Dr. Swearingen said, "We will pay
every high school application in full
and also every term extension claim.
We will also pay vocational education
teachers in full?so do not wor
ry." This statement was received
Dr. Swearingen devoted a considerable
part of his address to a discussion
of financial and legislative subjects,
saying at the outset that the
legislature was the highest school
WINS MARCH DE3ATE
I Annual March Debate Between Liter
ary Societies at Opera House
The Excelsior Literary society o
Newberry college won the decision ii
the annual March debate between rep
resentatives of the Excelsior anc
Phrenakosmiam societies held Fridaj
night in the opera house. The ques
tion was, "Resolved, That Americar
coastwise shipping- should be exemp'
from Panama canal tolls." The Ex
celsior team, composed of J. W. Kin
ard, captain, ar.d R. 0. Derrick anc
C. E. McCartha upheld the negativ(
side. The debate was pronounced om
of the best ever held here.
The Phrenakosmian society was
represented by C. H. Epting, captain
T> tt r r> ?. i t *r? i_
in. w. jdosl ana o. u. rarK.
C. E. Oxner presided.
Miss Aboie Gaillard, representatives
of the young women's literarj
society read an essay, "Play to Win.'
Newberry Graduates Enjoy Pleasant
The State, IS.
Newberry college graduates whc
are attending the state teachers' convention,
and other alumni met at the
Y. M. C. A. last night to organize and
plan for annual sessions. Offfcers
were elected and several interesting
talks were made. The following officers
were chosen: G. Miller Eleazer
president; F. 0. Black, vice president
J. H. Shealy, secretary-treasurer. Dr.
S. J. DerncK ana josepn lonp
were elected members of the executive
| committee! The nominating committee
was composed of the Rev. H. A.
McCullough, E. H. Anil, Dr. E. B.
Setzler, S. M. Busby and Dr. S. J.
Members of the alumni enjoyed a
luncheon and after dinner talks were
made by Elbert H. Aull, Curt Fellers,
J. H. Hope and Dr. Derrick, the president
of Newberry college. It is the
aim and object of the new organizaI
J- - v J- i.1 T. . A 4-U?
Lion 10 Drmg togeiner eacn ycm *u tuc
meeting of the State Teachers' association
all the Newberry alumni in
attendance for social intercourse.
jNEGRO MINSTREL AT
SILVERSTREET FRIDAY NIGHT
The mock wedding and negro minstrel
which was given at Mt. BethelGarmany
school recently will be given
in the Siiverstreet school auditori-nio-lif
j Li 111 VH X ,
8 o'clock. Admission 25 and 15 cents.
We don't know whether it is a new
revolution :n Mexico or ;iu?z an old
one come to life.
We did not know that Fiume had a
president until the newspapers announced
the other day that somebody
had tried to assassinate him.
! board in the state. He told of the
1 difficult situation which the leg;slature
faced this year and of the postponement
of the payment of taxes in
1921. Shortly after that postpone+
Vn-w <~<i!'J -fl-io c+ott? nairl to tllG
n U ?3 ci 1 U y t-a J fcj1 M* v v ^ fc? v? ? ? ?
federal government in taxes as much
as the entire state appropriation bill
carried, little of this money, he said
returning to the state.
"There is plenty of money in South
Carolina to run the state government
i ?the question is, how to get,'' he
Dr. Swearingen said that he went
into ofTice standing for an equa
chance for every child to get the rudiments
of an education; for a six
months' term and for a salary of $ 1OC
per month for every qualified teacher
In speaking of unpaid salaries Dr.
Swcaringen said: "Some of you have
! not drawn any money for some
' months I dare s:iy. You have not beer
j paid because taxes have remained un
: paid. I don't know how it is thai
I some sheriffs hold tax executions ii:
J their offices some four or five years
| but you teachers who are unpaid nect
not worrv. The school authorities
i have power to borrow money."
Dr. Swearinsen was given close attention
by the large audience preslent.
E. C. McCants of Anderson pre
sided at the meeting1 ar.I several announcements
were made by R. C
. KLANSMEN READY*
j SAYS LECTURES
; A3ERNA7HY SAYS NEGRO WiLI
BE BROUGHT FROM CANADA
Staiernen' o a: c. to Have Been Madi
in Address Before Hickcry
' i Hickory, N. C., March 17.?Speak
ing before a large audience in Kick
^ ory last night, Dr. Arthur T. Aber
ncthy of Asheville, lecturer for th<
Ku Klux Klan, referred to a case ii
j which, he said, Governor Morrisoi
was refused extradition of a negro i/?
^ Canada and asserted that 1.000,00(
Klansmen from Maine to Texas havi
,: been pledged to see that the negro i;
returned to North Carolina for trial
' ' ' ?J" t +1,^ of
"And inis win nappen in Lac ncAb i/>
days," he added.
! While Abernethy did not mentioi
the name of the man he said \va:
, sought by authorities of this state
the audience understood him to refei
to Matthew Bullock, wanted at Nor
; lina on a charge of attempted murde:
growing out of a race riot at tha
. place about a year ago. Bullock wa:
recently given his liberty by Judg<
Snyder at Hamilton, Or.t., where h<
wnpTi Hfvfrprnor Morri
Wao <;i j voiv vj, i?uv4? v. v
) son refused to send witnesses to Can
. ada to testify at his extradition hear
I Dr. Abernethy had been discussing
; the efforts, he said, that the Ku KIuj
Kian were making to assist the offi
. cers in enforcing the law. He refer
red to a case in Asheville, ir
. which he said a negro was sent tc
the roads through the efforts of th(
klan and told of two white women be
> ing escorted out of that city by Klans
T It was near the close of his addres;
that the speaker referred to the Ca
nadian ease?. He did not mention wha'
j measure would be taken to have th<
negro brought back to North Caroli
Raleigrh, N. C., March 17.?"I knov
, absolutely nothing about it and hav<
. no comment to make." This is al
. that Governor Morrison would say re
. garding the statement made by Dr
Arthur T. Abernethy at Hickory tha
, 1.000,000 Klansmen were pledged t(
see that a man believed to be Mat
: thew Bullock is brought back^tc
' North Carolina from Canada to stanc
j trial on charges preferred) againsl
.' him in this state.
' March 17.?W. J. Sim
mons, head of the K. K. K. told th(
: Associated Press tonight that he knev
. | nothing about Klansmen being pledg
i ed to return to North Carolina author
ities a negro whose extradition wa:
' refused in Canada.
The imperial wizard made the state
| ment when his attention was caller
': to dispatches crediting such a plan t<
i Dr. Arthur T. Abernethy, a klan lec
| turer, who spoke last mgnt m nicK
j ory, N. C.
?: Mr. Simmons appeared to enter
. tain some doubt that Dr. Abernethy
. who, he said, is lecturing for the klan
[ had been correctly quoted, but adde(
.; that if he had it was "probably ai
. : expression of an opinion due to i
i i Klansman's love for law enforce
'4\Tn oik-.V> nmHov lin? V>opri hrnuflr
' up," he asserted.
:' Sumter Herald.
! Dr. J. W. Daniel took occasion las
Sunday morning: at the beginning o:
1 his address to the McLeod-Wesley Bi
. bio class to inform them of an inci
: j dent that took place the night .befon
i in the senate chamber in Columbia
. when the president of that body, Mr
^ tt _ j 1 :
, Wilson U. tiarvey, aujuuriieu i
> 1 promptly at midnight. The class son
i j congratulatory telegrams to both Mr
i ' Harvey and Mr. Allan Johnstone o
. Xewherry for their attitude in thi:
I matter, although the clocks in thos<
[ two chambers told the hour of 8, a:
t! has been the custom for many years
i T nffnvrl tn hvf>nl
, uu.-n.auw, w* ?
: the laws of God, their country, stat<
or municipality, nor can they do si
.1 and continue to enjoy the respect o:
. r'prht thinking, law aoidin? citizens.
" I ~
Some of the senators found tha
. , they couldn't beat :l-e farm bloc, ant
| just joined it.
| GENERAL SESSIONS COURT !
i CONVENED MONDAY MORNING
LI V? .. |
: Judge John S. Wilson Presiding? ;
Delivers Instructive Charge to
The (ourt general sessions convened
on Mojfclay with Judge Jchn
S. Wilson presffiing. t has been about
seven year's s?ce Judge Wilson held
court in Xewbgfrry, and he said in opening
his rerrfla7ks to the grand jury
that it was always a pleasure for him
to hold court jji Newberry.
The entire panel of eighteen grand
jurors was present and alter they had
been sworn thfey retired and elected
^ Mr. Jas. W. Johnson as foreman. ,
Judge Wilson said it was the dutv '
[ of the presiding judge at the first
s term of the sessions court in the Year
j to charge the grand jury as to their
general duties, and after that he. nev
1 1 - W irtfffvn/.f flinm *> c tin
til" UllUfJ IOWA. W nici: UVI, lULiii cto
took it for grafted that it had been
done by the jupgre who held the.first
' court of the ye|r.
He said if tf^e jurors had listened
attentively to the oath which they had
^ taken and would heed what they had
sworn to do thesre was little left to be
said, that the rtath contained in sue'
cinct form the duties of the errand
juror. It was the most important position
in the county. They were to
look into everything pertlaining to
the welfare of the county. In othe^
words they were the grand inquest of
' the county. Examine nad look after
the various officers of the county not
with the idea of hunting up little irregularities
which mierht be found in
the best kept office but to see if the
county officers were performing their
duties properly and intelligently and
if they so found to commend them
' ' ? " 1 rn
for it and to publish trie tacr. 10
look after the schools of the county
and to sec that they were properly .
^ ran and that the children were ariven
the advantage of the school, especially
in the rural district, that it was of
far greater importance in this day
that the children be educated than in
the days of the past. It was all im7
portant that the schools be kept open.
They were also to look after the su-.
pervision over the roads and to see
that the roads were properly kept.
It was of vast importance in this day
+ ho+ wo havp e-ood ro2ds so that
} neighbor might easily visit neighbor.
I He touched on the liquor law and
j rpoke of thp importance of having the
u law enforced and the creating of a
public sentiment in favor of the en- i
forcement of the law. Some people .
had an idea that it was not wrong to
buy liquor from the illegal vendor but
1 in so doing they were encouraging law j
' violation. Whiskey was a great evil |
and a healthy public sentiment was j
needed to enforce prohibition. He
3 recited several sad cases that had I
come under his observation from the !
use of liquor.
* The bills were then handed the 1
}'grand jury and the court began to j
grind. There are not a great many j
" | cases for this court and it is not like- J
1 ^ ^ 11 -f V* r* wool'
; IV LU ldSl/ aiiuic
? TRIANGULAR DEBATE
COURT HOUSE THURSDAY'
j The Triangular debate held annul
ally between Newberry, Wofford and
P. C. will be held Thursday night, j
March 23rd. The question to be do-;
I bated this year is: "Resolved, that (
a system of compulsory arbitration of j
strikes should be established in the j
; United States."
j The team from P. C. composed of!
? W. T. Wade nad L. C. Lanotte will j
I? uphold the negative, while the affirm- (
ative will be upheld bv J. P. Ander-1
son and B. H. Womach of Wonord.!
These teams will debate in Newberry i
at the court house on Thursday night J
at 8 o'clock.
k Newberry's affirmative, composed j
t of L. A. Frick and L. E. Blackwelder j
will meet Wofforji's negative at Clin-'
I ton. The negative represented by E.;
L. Setzler and J. W. McCain, Jr., will
meet P. C.'s affirmative at Spartanburg.
* I Kaplan is moving to Newberry
- and will be open in a few days in ,
3 west Main street where he wili move '
things about and sell goods because '
. he will tell the people all about it in
The Herald and News. We are pleast
ed to have him come and be one of
1 us. He will tell you all about the
| bargains in a subsequent issue.
IMPENDING ISSUES |
| DISTURB PARTIES:
QUESTION OF SHIP SUBSIDY
Minority Party Would Aid Merchant
Marine but Against Harding
Hugh W. Roberts in The State.
Washington, March 17.?For the :
encouragement and upbuilding of an
American merchant marine, the con-'
grczs will enact legislation emjody-'
ir.g a subsidy.
The reason that there is no doubt;
of the foregoing is found in the fact
that an overwhelming majority of the
membership of both houses of con-'
gress :s Republican.
? ' ' * - r 1r\
An investigation 01 mo ueurj^i-aui: j
state of mind results in the impres- j
sion that a majority of the members;
of that party will oppose the institution
of a subsidy?certainly the subsidy
in the form suggested by President
.The Democrats are arguing regard- j
ing the subsidy just as they argue re- j
garding the bonus.
"We are in favor of a bonus," they
say, " but we oppose the methods proposed
for raising: money with which
to meet bonus obligations."
Regarding the subsidy they say:
"We favor the encouragement of a
merchant marine. But we are not in >
favor of going to such extremes as
the president suggests."
They do not venture the assertion
as to what they would be willing to
do. As many as 30 members of the
Democratic party in the house and
senate, interviewed by this corres
pondent, s^oke in effect as above indicated.
They admit that the present situation
is intolerable. WheV, pressed,
they admit the congress is confronted'
with a simple proposition: To .build!
a merchant marine or suffer that
which exists to be eliminated as result
of inequitable competition.
They will not commit themselves
to any definite program or procedure, j
Senator Underwood of Alabama,
who always endeavors to answer questions,
"I do not know whether I will support
the .bill as it is drawn and presented
to the committee on commerce
or not. It may never emerge from
that committee. I do not know whether
or not I will support the bill that
does emerge. Naturally, I would like ;
to read it before committing myself. J
"But I am in favor of some kind of
subsidy or subvention discriminating
in favor of American shipping: I am
on record for a discriminating duty!
jr j_ ; L.j :_i_ ?1-? I
in iavur 01 goous impurieu iiitu tntr
United States in American vessels
as was contained in the tariff b'il of
Senator Underwood wrote th'at hill
and of course voted for its passage.
If he is committed, all others who voted
for that bill are committed, and,
likewise, all are morally commitfed
who would have voted for its passage
had they been present.
The sec.l,;on in question led to an
interesting s.luatior. England c:?nplained
'o2?ause of its view that ihut I
section violated provisions of the
''most favored nations" treaties. Pres-!
ident Wilson agreed with that view.!
Congress instructed him to abrogate j
such treaties. He refused. President!
Harding, when a candidate for the!
presidency, criticised President Wil- j
son for having failed to act on in-:
structions of congress.
But when he took up the duties of
the executive, he, also, found it im- j
no.csihle to act in accordance w;th1
the instructions of congress. The
commercial treaties are not abrogat- .
ed and will not be.
The Democratic party, it is pointed
out, is not committed to tne Harding t
subsidy although it is committed to'
a policy of fostering and protecting
a merchant marine.
C. S. Barrett of Georgia, president
of the National Farmers' union, has
expressed a thought which has dis-|
tur'oed Democrats in this election
"If the president," he .;aid, ''can
advocate the donation of $32,000,000
annually to shipping, a minor industry,
why can he not advocate a measure
guaranteeing to agriculture, a
major industry, the cost of produc
PLAN TO ORGANIZE
Teachers Discuss Appointment of
Full Time Paid Secretary?Magill
Delivers Able Address
The State, 18.
Plans looking to the organization
in South Carolina of a closely knit as
sociation of school tcachers with a
full time paid secretary and a clearcut
and definite educational policy
were outlined at the meeting at the
Columbia theater last night of the
State Teachers' association when J.
W. Thompson of Winthrop college
submitted the report of a committee
appointed about three years ago for
the purpose of looking into this matter.
The full report of this committee
will be ^ubmitted to the associa- j
tion at its business meetiner this morn-!
ing at the high school building and, j
judging from the enthusiasm which j
prevailed when the recommendations j
weie read last night, the report will)
be adopted. It is planned to have this j
association organized somewhat on j
the lines of the State Bar association, j
thr> State Medical association and oth- i
er such organizations of professional
men and women. The paid secretary
will devote his entire time to looking
after the interests of the association.
The report of Professor Thompson
came at the close of a session which
registered high water mark in the interest
and enthusiasm of the annual
meeting of the teachers. The Columbia
theater was again filled almost to
capacity and the order maintained
wns e.nrh that pverv word of the <
speaker of the evening could be heard
to the utmost corner of the building.
There was manifest throughout the
session last night an earnestness and
an interest that augured well for the
future of the public schools of the
Hugh S. Marjiil Speaks
The address of the evening was deliveied
by Dr. Hugh S. Magill, field
secretary of the National Education
association. Dr. Magill was introduced
by E. C. McCants of Anderson, and
in his opening remarks said, "I am
glad to be here with the teachers of
South Carolina because I am convinced
that more depends on what we
teachers do than on any other profession
in Amer.ca. The future of America
depends on the kind of education
we give the boys and girls of
Mr. Magill proved himself a speaker
of vigor and power, a clear thinker
and a man of vision. Having taught
r? nl ^ am o n r* r* f
Z5c;iuui lui jfcaid a.iu iiaviu^ uavcicu
extensively over the United States
and having- come into close contact
with the schrcl problems in many
states, he was able to spesk with that
familiarity with his subject that
comes from intimate acquaintance
with its various ramifications. His
address was heard with close attention.
He urged the teachers to form a
closely knit organization with a full
time secretary. "With a strong resourceful
organizat'on, you will be a
power in South Carolina. In Illinois
30,000 teachcrs belong to the teachers'
organization; in Pennsylvania 42,000
teachers belong and in California
the teachers' organization is so powerful
that of 68 measures introduced
in the legislature that had to do with
That simple statement has given
Democrats?and some Republicans?
pause. The agrarian bloc is apparently
awaiting developments. If other
farm organizations follow the lead
of Barrett, the chances are that the
bloc will oppose subsidy.
The president proposes that if it be :
proved necessary after the exhaustion :
or otner credits ana perquisites in iavor
of American shippipng $32,000,000
be subverted from customs houses
and prorated on a ton-mile basis
to owners of American ships. J
The Leviathan, for instance, making
14 round trips per annum, would
under the president's plan, be entitled
at the end of each year to $1,225,000. i
But if the subsidy is not voted, Democrats
shake their heads. They
want a worthy marine. They would
e-ive the shiDDine board an- opportu
nity to d'spose of its vessels, main-J
tainined at great cost. But they do :
not know how best to bring about j
such desirable results.
England, incidentally, opposes the ,
subsidy scheme. |1
RURAL SCHOOLS I
MRS. W. C. BROWN OF NEWBERRY
Anderson Woman Secretary of State
Improvement Association. Two'
The State, 18.
Mrs. Wilson Caldwell Brown, Jr.,
of Newberry was elected president of
the State Rural School Improvement
association at its meeting yesterday
to take the place of the retiring president,
Miss Mary Eva Hite. Mrs. Robert
A. Gentry of Anderson was elected
recording secretary, these being
the only two officers elected.
Dr. A. H. Hayden, epidemologist
of the state board of health, made an
interesting talk at the morning meeting
and Miss Mattie Thomas, state organizer,
made a report of her work.
The university quartet furnished music.
A luncheon was held at the Jefferson
hotel, which was attended by
about 100 persons. At the afternoon
session, held at the Y, W. C. A., C.
H. Seigler, county superintendent of
education for Aiken, made a short
talk on "The School Improvement Association
as Viewed from the Superintendent's
Stadnpoint." Alfred Scarborough
of Eastover made a talk on
the same subject from a trustee's
point of view anl Miss Myrtle C. Venable
of Pacolet from the teacher's
point of view. A model meeting was
conducted by the Heathwood, Rose
Hill ar\A Plnlrtninl TTciclit'S flftBrt/Mfit.inns
H. E. Bogga of Springfield, Ohio,
made an avddress on "Playgrounds and
Public Recreation," and th# meeting
was closed with an informal reception
at the Y. W. C. A.
school affairs and that were of interest
to teachers, 63 were decided as
the teachers wanted them. This
was because the teachers stood, not
for their selfish aggrandizement, but
for the good of California.
"The teachers of the nation can
lead national education if we never
forget that we are to demand the
things that are for the good of the
nation." Dr. Magill then outlined
some 01 the purposes 01 the national
organization of teachers, saying that
its supreme purpose was "to serve
the childhood of America"
"A food citizen," he said, in speaking
of the work of the schools and
_ r it. ? t. i. u _ l u_ _i
ui me learners, must, uj pnys'caiiy
strong; he must be able to think
straight and he must have moral stamina.
"God give to America a renewal of.
the sense of indi'/iitial responsibility
to Opd," he excla:fnr;d, vehemently,
when talking of the no.eci of moral
starr in a in thp poilrttrv a' fhi.< iimi>.
"We should teach our children 10
ec.ro- a living and ',heu t'%ach them to
live," Dr. Magill said, in referring to
tho need of a broad education as a
ba^ic for specialize'.iri.
The speech abounded in eloquent
and moving periods and was general
ty regarded as one of the best delivered
during the meeting of th-j association
Give "Dru^ 5*? *?" S cnt:
At the conclusion of Dr. MagHl's
address a very interesting feature
was presented und?r the direction of
M'ss Mary Eva H:to by pupih of the
Aiagon night schools a: Rock Hi]!.
The stage was ;.rranged ;j r irreser.t
a drug store iocat-id in a m>!l
village next door \o a night so'iool
foi adults. The youn? men in the
store were preparing tc go to the
school when two friends ca.ne in ar.d
a discussion arose a3 to tho posub'iity
of grown men learinn# to reaci a.id
write. The young men told what
they had learned at the school and
crave brieflv their educational history.
telling actual facts from their own
lives. They then read short extracts
from books to show their acquaintances
that they spoke truly as to their
The little act went over in great
shape; the young men handled their
parts skillfully and were warmly applauded
at the conclusion of their
part of the program. Dr. Patterson
Wardlaw, head of the illiteracy commission,
then interpreted briefly the
message that the littte play was intended
to bring to the audience.