Newspaper Page Text
5,000 mis m
Richmond, Va., May 29.?(Special)?
Richmond is completing pieparations
to entertain the 32d annual < jnvention
of the United Confederate Veterans,
on June 19, 20. 21 and 22. Fully 5.000
of the surviving 45,000 Confederates
are expected to be within the city's
fcospiiable gates. Mo?t of them will
be accompanied by one or more members
of their families, and. in addition,
there will be present members of the
Sons of Confederate Vetera.is. Daughters
of the Confederacy, the Confederated
Southern Memorial Association,
sponsors and maids and matrons of
Because of their age, the veterans
this year will sleep in comfortable
Quarters. Thousands of them will
St hotels and with relatives and
friends, while others will be accom
isodated at reasonable cost, from s 1.25
to $2 per day for lodging and break
fast, in private homes. Applications
for quarters and inquiries concerning
them should be addressed to Major
B. B. Morgan, chairman of Ti-e Com
mittee on Information and Quarters,
Postoffice Box No. 685, Richmond
Dinner and sapper, with the compliments
of the City of Richmond and
the Commonwealth of Virginia, will
be supplied Confederate veterans who
desire them on June 20, 21 and 22.
Reduced Railroad Fares.
The Southern Railway, the Chesa
peake and Ohio Railway and, in fact,
.practically all the transportation sys.
tera? in the South have agreed to give
the veterans, accompanying members
of their families, and members of
f auxiliary organizations the bsneSt cf
reduced fares to this city and return
These rates have beeen fixed as follows
" Veterans and accompanying members
of their families, 1 cent a mile
for each mile traveled.
Members of the Sons of Confederate
Veterans, Daughters of ti;. Conlederacv,
the Confederated Southern
Memorial Association. other auriliary
Organizations; s^c&sors and maids and
matrons of honor, one-way fare to:
Tickets will be placed on sale
t&rough the .South in ample time for
visitors to reach Richmond on or be
forerun** 19. As -customary and in
order to.eliminate trouble in procuring
tickets at the reduced rates o!
far?, identification certificates have
teen prepared and are being distributed
to ail veterans and members ol
Confederate and affiliated bodies. In
dividuals who are unable to procure
them through usual channels should
apply at once to Adjuiant-in-Chiel
Cart Hinton, Sons of Confederate Vet
rans, Hotel Richmond, Richmond.
Richmond, Va., June 5.?(Special)?
Richmond has called for the remnant!
of that army which defended her for
four years and by the thousands will
the survivors answer the summons tc
be fcere on June 19, 20, 21 and 22.
The last three davs are those fixed
for the welcoming and entertainment
of the United Confederate Veteran*
?t their 22d annual reunion. June 19
has been set as the date for beginning
the ceremonies which will engage the
Attention of the Confederated Souther*
3 ^ ^
Mez&ori&l Association aiiu ui ouus vi
Preparations are now complete for
taking care of the enormous number
of visitors who are expected to attend
the reunion. The vete ans- will be
made comfortable at the hotels, with
friends or relatives and in private
Provide Comfortable Quarters.
Upon their eirival at the railroad
t&tions in this city, each veteran will
fce met by a member of the Reunion
Committee, given an identification
eard and assigned to quarters, 1/
previous arrangements for accommodations
have not been made. However.
Brigauier-General Jo Lane Stern,
chairman of the Reunion Committee,
urges that all visitors make their reservations
before coming to Richmond,
applying to the hotels or to the Information
and Quarters Committee.
PostofSce Box No. 685. Richmond for
? - ^ - * ~ ?/-*
quarters m private nomes auu waiuing
Reasonable cost, from S1.25 to $2
per day for lodging and breakfast, will
prevail in private homes. Dinner and
supper, with the compliments of the
City of Richmond and the Commonwealth
of Virginia, will be supplied
Confederate veterans who desire them
oil June 20. 21 and 22.
The program of exercises and entertainments
piobably will make this the
greatest reunion in the history of the
United Confederate Veterans. One of
the most impressive exercises in
which the veterans will take part will
be the laying of the corner stone for
the Matthew Fontaine Maury monument.
Addresses will be delivered by some
of the South's greatest orators, there
will be a great parade and review,
bhBd concerts, a Confederate ball and
dozens of other feagires designed particularly
to entertain and please the
Oid 3outh's heroes.
The territory originally known as
Carolina stretchfd along the coast
of North America as far north as
l Wrginia and as far South as the
Uiuif of Mexico. Westward, it reachj
ed for hundreds of miles into the for'
ests. The Indians peopled this sect'on
when first discovered, living in
rude log houses.
Three great nations of Europe
contended on grounds of nearly equal
justice for the right to the possession
of this part of North America,
England. Spain and France, each one
on the grounds that certain of their
subjects had first visited its shores.
So, in studying the early history of
j Carolina, we must keep in mind the
j fact, that to a great extent, the his
tory of these three European najtions
msde Carolina's history.
The settlements in Carolina were
either made by Europeans in search
of money, or by persor.G who had
been troubled in their native lands
because of their religion. These settlers
did not cut themselves off entirely
from their mcther countries, so
naturally they felt every disturbance
1 their European homes. We will
find Carolina often torn by quarrels
among her citizens, due to the differences
in nationalities, as well as by
disturbances in Europe.
In 1561, permirsion was obtained
from Charles IX, the French king, to
plant a colony in Florida, one of the
several names Jy which Carolina was
then know. This expedition was entrusted
to Rebault and they landed
in a magnificent bay which they named
"Port Royal" on account of "its
foimc7.5 srir} lnr0 ^snps?;_,, There, thev
I built Fori Charles, but their attempts
to plant a colony failed, they became
discouraged and went back
home. In 1564, ships came over
from France the second time and settled
on St. John's river, built Fort
Carolina, bu* were massacred by the
Spaniards who claimed this territory.
This massacre was avenged by Chevilier
de Gourzes, who raised an expedition
at his own expense and hun.-?
Mere than a hundred years passed
before another settlement was made
in this section. October 30th, 1629,
Charles I of England granted this
portion of America to his Attorney
General, Sir Robert Heath, for the j
founding of a province and on March
20th, 1663, Charles II granted this
same territory to eight of his politi
ral supporters. These noblemen
lormed a company known as. the
Lords Proprietors. They were: the
Earl cf Clarendon; the Duke of Albemarle;
William, the Earl of Cra-,
ven; Anthony, Lord Ashely; John,
Lord of Berkeley; Sir George Carteret;
Sir William Berkeley; and Sir
John Colleton. 1
The grant which they obtained
comprised a territory out; of which,
subsequently, the states of South
Carolina, North Carolina, and Georgia
were formed. King Charles made
them absolute lords and proprietor,
reserving to himself simoly sovereignty
of the country. For fifty years,
the proprietors ruled this English
province and these fifty years represent
South Carolina in the making.
The three ships, with barely 200 pas
sengerc which had sailed up the AshIcy
in 1670, depositing their little
group of settlers on the edge of a
dense forest inhabited by savage Indians,
had brought such a courageous
and hardy group of colonizers that
fifty years later we nnd South Carolina
a prosperous province of 20,000
people. The Carolinians had
fought continually with the Spaniards;
had subdued the Indians and
driven pirates from the coasts without
assistance. Furthermore, they
had been unbearably hampered in
their home affairs by unreasonable
nterference of the proprietors. In
spite of all these drawbacks, the people
had built churches, schools, and
libraries in Charles Town and had
made settlements all over the lower
part of the province. They had
built ?hips and had developed a lucrative
trade with many parts of the
globe. They raised the best rice in
the world with their slave labor, and
besides rice, which was their chief
agricultural export, they exported
deer skins, pork, beef, Gutter, lumber,
pitch, tar, turpentine and a little
silk. During these fifty years, the
Carolinians had built up a system of
la>vs for their government and had
become so confident in their strength
that by the year 1719 they were able
* 0 overthrow the rule o? the proprietors.
We may no longer think of
them as a struggling, helpless band
of pioneers, for with the beginning
of the royal government, they have
become a sturdy, independent people,
a small nation in itself, with separate
ties ar.d interests of its own?
a valiant little people whom we speak
of now, not as colonists, but as South
Carolinians. The change from the
proprietary to royal government produced
its natural effect, in temporarily
harmonizing the several parties
[in the province. The government i
I now was molded on that of the Brit- <
ish constitution. It. consisted of a :
governor, a council, and a commons <
house, with the power of making their
own laws. !:
After three years, trouble arose';
with the Indians; with the French
who had settled on the Mississippi!
river, and also a political turmoil was
at hand. Early trade restructions,
wrere hurtful and the fact that the(:
high offices in the government were j
not within reach of young South Car-:
olinians, who had .been educated in j
England and were eminently fitted to;
hold office, but were filled with in-1
cmopetent men sent from England, j
whose only motive was to secure the'
salary, were all causes of great dis- j
satisfaction. During the 18th cen-j
tury South Carolina maintained a j
j -emi-independence of the crowrn and j
was aggressively patriotic during the j
pre-Revolutionary struggle, being'
the first state to form an independent
We, D. A. R.'s, should all be fa- j
miliar with the struggle for independ-1
onr?o fnr pichf Inne* vears. South i
Carolina had a glorious record in this
war. 137 engagements took place
within her borders and in 103 of
them, Carolinians alone fought. South
Carolinians suffered moie, dared
| more, and achieved more than the
men of any other state. Among the
many famous commanders South Carolina
furnished, we find Sumter, Marion,
and Pickens. The years following
the Revolution were ones of ^reat
progress for South Carolina. The cultivation
of cotton expanded, roads
for travel and commerce opened, a
tremendous increase of population
was noted, free schools were provided,
and, in general, the state was in
a prosperous condition.
I The War of 1812 retarded but little
the material progress of South
: Carolina. South Carolina furnished
hc-r quota of troops for the national
army. Many of them were descend1
J T* 1-1! 1 J
anis 01 nevoiuuonary neroe.-* auu
some of them were themselves heroes
c;f the Revolution. During th's period
i we find South Carolinian* inking
prominent part in affairs >f the nation.
From 1817-1820, John C. Calhoun
was secretary of war; in 1814
Langdon Cheves was chosen speaker
of the house of representatives, and;
I in 1819, he wa>3 elected president of
[the bank of TTnited States.
Mrxlco declared war asrainst Unit'ed
States April 23rd, 184G. For sev*Trvr?v?r?
i rxy r\ 1
ti ai %v caio i riaiiuiio uv. tntvu ntc inw <
countries had been strained and the 1
annexation of Texas by the United, i
States W?i> not recognized by Mexico,
so war was declared. The Palmetto :
regiment did its part gallantly in
this war. A monument erected by
the general assembly in it? honor, in
the form of a bronze and iron palmetto
tree, now stands on the State
' Mexico ceded to the United States
the territory which has since become
California, Nevada, Utah, part of
Colorado and the greater part of New
Mexico and Arizona. The extension
'or prohibition of slavery into these
areas was now the issue of the day.
'it became the subject of famous deI
bates in congress. Two of the great- '
net- cn^oflioe in Viictnrir u'Pro rviiida in
11850 by Daniel Webster and John C.
| Calhoun, South Carolina's greatest
statesman. Thits dispute was closed
'by a compromise, permitting- the entrance
of California as a free state
'and enacting a very severe fugitive ;
'slave measure. The first was offen- 1
jsive to the North and the second to
| the South, so that the so-called compromise
became the cause of added '
bitterness between the two sections.
The breach widened as one by one
| the bonds which held the North and
: South together snapped. After years
I of angry discussions, the crisis came
and the irrepressible conflict burst
j into war. South Carolina and the
! whole South rose to a man. with no
sympathy or support from without to
jre.rst invasion, in defense of state
j autonomy r.nd white supremacy.
! sou in Carolina was me nrsi in se|
code, December 20th, ISfiO, and the 1
| first battle of the war was fought at
iFort Sumter in the following April.
Though the voting population of the
state was but 47,000, it furnished
j G0,000 men to the Confederate army,
I of whom one-fifth were killed. The
J issue of this war which lasted four
| years was decided by force of arms
| The negroes, who, in earlier days
I had been enticed away by promises
ifrom the Spaniards and had sided j
with the Tories and British, remained i
as a rule'loyal to their masters in this
war, served their families and tilled
their fields while they were absent.
South Carolina refused to ratify
the 14tn amendment but adopted a j
constitution allowing negro suffrage .
in 1868 and was re-admitted to theUnion.
During the reconstruction,'
negro supremacy was enforced in the
state by the federal army. Gen.!'
Wade Hampton from the first days
of reconstruction favored tiegro edu- !
[ration and suffrage and on these is- a
^ ? ? "f
<ues he delivered the state in 18?<> '(
fioni the negro domination imposed v
t>n it by federal arms. April 10th. a
1877. the federal guard filed out the ?
?outh door of the rapitol at Columbia u
and the negro government collapsed
without a struggle.
Immediately after this, the white v
people 'began to restore gojd govern- S
ment. Much was accomplished and S
slowly but surely the material inter- w
ests of the state began to recover r(
from the scurge of the war and the *worse
scourge of negro misrule. v
When the United States govern- y
ment issued the call for volunteers c
at the outbreak of the war with ^
Spain, as in every other conflict in ^
which the nation has engaged, South ^
Carolina did her full duty. This call 0
came in April, 1898, and South Car- v'
^ * *--11 ? 1 S
oiina soon nau two iuu requiems uuu
ail independent battalion, a battery e
of heavy artillery and a command of e
naval reserves in the field. ; P
Nothing in South Carolina history s
can compare with the remarkable ad- ?
vance that the state has made in the Q
last three decades. The state has ad- e
vanced in manufacturing at a rate n
not excelled in the history of the 0
world. Today, the state leads the a
world in the production of upland ('
cotton per acre, yield of rice peri
acre, yield of oats per acre, in the use 11
of transmitted electric power for cot- ^
ton mill drive, and the tensile,a
strength of granite. South Carolina,;"
among the United States, ranks sec- g
ond in cotton maufacturing, fourth j
in the manufacture of commercial,0
fertilizers, fifth in the canning indus- v
try, fifth in the manufacture cf hos- 2
iery and fifth in the production of 1:1
raw cotton. |0
maim A?A1 Q An f Vl h
1 lif IJllIlClCll Mi uuhv- to vx k-'vmw.. |
Carolina are gold, granite, iron ore, i
marble, phosphate rock, kaolin and i
small quantities of silver, lead and;
copper. j ^
South Carolina has a climate un- *
surpassed by that of any other state,' *
all parts of the state are habitable. |
While manufacturers have gone to
.he fore, agricu jrre i<5 still the
foundation of the prosperity of the
*.tate. The farmer is growing cotton *Afor
the manufacturer, foodstuffs for ^
he thousands ofoperatives and oth-,^
' r products that the markets of the |
vorld demand that ehe has hitherto,
reelected because ' of concentration
jf effort on one c"rdp alone. The on-,
lought of the boll weevil for the past;
".wo ytars will be a blessing in dis-: *
guise, making- the farmers grow a!
diversified crop which will reap the ^
harvest from these other branches.
Indeed, South Carolina is but upon;^
the threshold of her real prosperity.^
She is the "Garden* Country of Amer-: *
ica," a country filled with hospitable, j
earnest, hard-working people, but a
people ever jealous of honor. The ;
state is well suppplied with railroads ^
and most of its rivers are navigable.!
Charleston has a good harbor. It is ^
worthy of note here, that South Carolina
built the first railroad in the ^
Western Hemisphere, between Hamburg
and Charleston. 1
South Carolina has made rapid
strides in education?among the col- ^
leges of note are: The University of
South Carolina, Clemson College for *
boys, Winthrop for girls and many
denominational colleges and acade VI!cg,
besides the graded system of
schools which is fast reaching out in ^
rural communities, so, on the whole,
3ur educational outlook is verv bright
as all the schools are engaged in the.
?reat work of enlightening the hu-:
man race, to elevate mankind, and to'.
make a better people and a stronger ^
citizenship. , '
In the churches of t'ie state? the
Baptists compose the leading der.om- ,
ination, being closely followed by i
the Methodists. Churches of all de- ^
nominations are found in South Car- ^
olina, many of which are very old and .
t'ery full of history.
The pricipal cities of the state are ^
Columbia, the capital; Charleston, ^
Greenville, Spartanburg, Anderson,
Rock Hill, Sumter and Newberry!
Our government?The legislature
consists of a senate and a house of
representatives. The sessions are an- -p
nual and unlimited. The executive
department consists of a governor, ^
lieutenant governor, secretary of
state, a comptroller general, an attorney
general, a treasurer, an adju- ?
for?f omA incnaclnv (rnnnrnl n S11
L (I i X C CI 11 VI i ilO jk/V V. IV/l ^ v. i i v i m > ; ?- ? ?
perintendent of public instruction. 'v
The courts comprise a iupreme
court of one c-hicf justice and throe
associates and a circuit court for each a
judicial circuit into which the state,
is divided. I 0
In 1917, the state was confronted s
with another crisis?the World war.
Each period in South Carolina has E
produced its great men and this time
proved 110 exception. When war be- (
g-an April 6th, 1917, the armed forces
of South Carolina under the na?r.<: of
the National Guard, consisted of r,he v
First and Second regiments of infan-.
try; Troop A, calvary; Company A, K\
engineers; a battalion of coast artillery,
consisting of five companies and y
field hospital unit. All of these <)rces
were drafted into federal serice,
August 5th, 1917. This great
rniy grew until every home from the r
rand est to the humblest was called
pon to give their sons to help win r
Of the sixteen training camps proided
for our men, three were in
outh Carolina: Camp Jackson, Camp 4
evier, and Camp WadtSworth. This
'ar is too fresh in the minds to ned
ehearsing, suffice it to sav, South
Carolina did her part nobly in every '
ray?giving of the blood of her
oung manhood; in Liberty loans; in '
onservation of food; in American
ted Cross work and in everything,
outh Carolina went "over the top."
ur state council of defense was one
f the first six to complete its organ-1
nation; and the organization of
louth Carolina division of the Worn-:
n's Council of Defense was perfect-;
d in July, 1917. We are now in a
it^r i aH A"f rflr?nncfriipH/?ri o nrianvoc.
VAAVU VA i v-wyiun uv. nun UliU utyi VJ
ion again, but with the .bounteous
ifts of the Creator, in natural prouctiveness
of soil, climate and min-!
ral resources and with people of inate
ability of bravery, of chivalry,!
f unselfish patriotism, we will rise
gain to be a greater South Carolina'
han ever before.
It has been impossible to even sum-;
larize much of the greatest interest j
istorically, for South Carolina has;
hvays been a leader in all things that i
ave served to make the nation the:
reat world-power that it is today, j
South Carolina! What, memories
f a glorious past the name recalls,1
fhat a splendid present it signifies |
nd what a glorious future it por--;:
ends. We can find no fairer picture ;
f South Carolina than the one by,:
er own son, Henry Timrod:
Nor lack there pastures rich and;
fields all green
yith all the common gifts of God,
'av tamnarofo n 1 ve + r\ r>Y?i I
VI l? v. lii Jk/ v- JL Cm Wv Uiio aiiu (U
^e're Edens *)f the sod;
'hrough lands which look one sea'
of billowy gold,
iroad rivers wind their devious ways;i
l hundred isles in their embraces fold ',
l hundred luminous bays;
md through yon purple haze
rast mountains lift their plumed!,
ind, save where up their sides the'
m unhewn forest girds them grand-!
n whose dark, dark shades a future
navy sleeps! j
re stars, wjiich though unseen, yet.
with me gaze [;
pon this loveliest fragment of the (
'hou sun, that kindlest all thy gent-'
lest rays i,
ibove it, aa to light a favorite
re clouds, that in your temples in the
ee nothing brighter than its humblest
Lnd you, ye winds, that, on the'
ocean's breast j
Lre kissed to coolness, ere ye reach j
its bowers! L
!car witness with me in my song of
r> il toll tViQ -nrnyl rl +Vta + +V10 I
LUVl IV11 biig ?TUliU L y JIUV.^ Ui*- i
10 fairer land hath fired a poet'slj
?r given a home to man!
IEMORIAL SERVICES FOR
MISS BERNICE MARTIN
The people of West End assembled
1 O'Neall Street Methodist church
u"$t Sunday night, May 28th to pay
ribute to one they loved, Miss Ber- j
ice Martin. The church was beauifully
decorated with flowers and
'ot plants. The services were in the
ands of Rev. J. E. Meng, pastor of
Vest End Baptist church. The fol-j
)wing program was rendered:
(1) Song, '"My Saviour First of j;
ill," by the school children of West
(2) Song, "Remember Me," by the j
hildren. - t
(:?) Lord's Prayer, by the children. I
(4) Song, "Shall We Gather at the'
(5) Song:. ''Face to Face," Miss
(6) Talks by the following:
Rev. W. F. Gault in behalf of ,
>'Xeall Street Methodist church.
Mr. Z. F. Wright for the West End
(7) Song, "Rock of Ages."
(8) Talks by Prof. O. B. Cannon
nd Dr. J. W. Carson.
Professor Cannon spoke in behalf
f the schools and Dr. J. W. Carson
poke of her as a Christian.
(9) Song, "In the Sweet Bye and
(10) Benediction by Rev. W. F.
Attending conferences is a world
^ide rage.?Brooklyn Eagle.
Yes, and it looks as though the
orld is going to the pow-wows.
A monologue: A conversation with
/igor, virility, vim ami punch. That's
The courage to act on a sudden
hunch. That's pep.
The nerve to tackle the hardest thing,
With feet that climb and hands that.
And a heart that never forgets to
Sand and grit in a concrete base.
A friendly smile on an honest face.
The spirit that helps when another is
Knows how to ecatter the slackest
That loves its neighbor and boost.?'
for its town.
To say "I will," for you know you '
can. That's pep.
To look for the best in every man.
To meet each thundering knockout
And come back with a laugh, because !
That vou'il get the best of the whole
l. B. J
Farming, like every
cut down the overheat
It is not a question
ford a Fordson; it is
able to continue fam
TIip farmer's Di'obt
I " A
problem; it is also a ]
He must cut down the
The Fordson does n
/ cost and in less time
Let us give you the i
or call today.
ot the town o
Cows will not!
at any time.
j Why She
"1 have always used i
the cheaper baking
them just as good as
Royal but I invested
in a can of Royal
Baking PoWtier and
/ now find all my baking
so much improv5
-i . * *ii
ed tftat I win use no
other kind." X
Miss C. L. B. I
Contains No Alum
Leaves No Bitter Taste
Send for New Royal Cook Book
?It's FREE. Royai Baking Powder
Co., 126 WilliamSt.,New York
amMxmmmamimmm?mmmmmmia?iwa mntmmmA ' .U io?WP
' * I ;r
"I1 1 . J
j Your j
>n Costs j
of being- able to afa
question of being 1
ling on the old too- 4
em is not all a sales A
cost of production. ' ,
lore work at a lower
than the old hand
jroof. Write, phone
y, S. C.
-rraiv iMfattMWQMntffcMr < n? nir- 1??? n
ye allowed on
i of the town
lief of Police