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A i .iuavv t Kt w:iv. AV,
GEM LONG FUZES
Emerald Figures Largely in History
Princess Mary's Love Stone Has Inspired
Both Saints and Pcets?Referred
To in Scriptures.
l Emeralds will be set in the most
b fashionable engagement ring< of ths
' future, for Princess Mary had an emerald
The emerald of average quality is
nuoh more valuable than the diamond
nf fniittl nnjilitv observes the London
The finest emeralds are worth $2,.">00
* a carat, while a goou-sized gem might
S weigh anything from four* to
^ cararts; .$^50 to $400 a carat is a minimum
price. The output of emeralds is
bThe emerald is given, a place of
honor in history and literature. The
beautiful gem was most praised among
1 the ancients, not only for its beauty,
m but also "on account of its rarity. It
was a favorite stone with the Roman
r emperors fffid, later, with high dignitaries
of the church. It is named
^ iwice in the book of Exodus as one of
the 12 jewels in the high priest's
j breastplate judgment, ranking in
* the second row with the sapphire and
m 'the diamond.
The best-known scriptural references
are in Revelation, where the rainbow
-- : J ^ a " in itc xi
arounu liie lumuc ? i wiu^aicu hi no >1
vid greenness to an emerald; while
the same jewel forms one of the 12
foundations of the new Jerusalem,
George Eliot, in "Middleman.!)." refers
to the singular beauty of thestf
passages. "It is strange," she says,
"how deeply colors seem to penetrate
one. like scent. I suppose that is the
reason why gems are used as spiritual
* *> f\ T? ax* r\1 otiAfi nf Ssf T n
rniuitruts in inc uc?uan?u vr? Vw? ?
They look like fragments ot heaven."
In Tennyson's poem. "Columbus."
the discoverer used the passage in
Revelation to describe the San Salvador
as he first descried it.
In contrast we may mention the
"emerald monocle" through which
Nero, whom the latest commentators
regard as the/'Beast" oZ the Revelation,
gazed at the agonies of his vic?
tims in the arena.
A more pleasant legend may he
quoted irom iuoniaxemyen, me lauiuus
French author. He describes how in
the early ages of monostieism a certain
monastery was transformed by
!ts founder into a hospital for lepers
and cripples. "Behold." sai"d he. in
showing the ladiesx>f Alexandria tT?e
upper floor, which was reserved for
women, "behold, my jacinths"; then,
in conducting them to the floor below,
where the men were placed, "See1 my
The most celebrated medieval gem
was the so-called "emerald" of Genoa,
known as the Stfcro Catino. It was
presented early in the Twelfth century
to the cathedral fcy the crusader
Embriaco, having beeh brought by him
from the siege of Caesarea.
ine relic, a uuge MUfJir Mwar, nas
said to be the dish from which our
L Lord ate the Last Supper. It was
f s believed by some to have been gives
* by Solomon to the queen of Sheba.
The Sacro Catino was removed to
Paris during Napoleon's wars, and was
- discovered to be only aif ancient piece
of Venetian glass. It is still shown,
much mended, in the cathedral of
' Genoa, to which place it was restored
* by the French.
In the Fifteenth and Sixteenth centuries
the emerald is mentioned frequently
among inventories of crown
Jeweis. Mary Queen of Scots pos*
of nno tirriA rnanv snppimpns of
this regal gem.
Causes Deep Depression in Plateau.
When the railway was opened from
a point near Luxor Into the Libyan
desert there was- rendered easy the
approach of the oasis of Khargeh,
which Is regarded as a typical example
of these isolated centers of
life. For some years a British scientist
and explorer made a study of this
oasis, observing the* phenomena of
springs, moving sands, weNs, *?tc.
The Libyan oases are deep de
pressions in a lofty plateau which has
a maximum elevation of nearly 2.000
feet, hut the bottoms of the oases
are only from 100 to 300 above
sea level. They are underlain by beds
of sandstone, whica are the sources
of the water supply. Artesian well?
, 400 fret deep form praeticaUy inexhaustible
means of irrigation and such
deep wells ftave been used from
ancient times. The depressions wore
OT<~e the beds of lakes, and the water
in the sandstone probably has lii
sources in the Abyssinian highlands.
Amusing the Natives.
The marine recruit' had just arrived
in Haiti and the sergeant was giving
to him some instruction in outpost duty.
they walked over a high ridge,
there were two sharp reports of a
rifle and little clouds of dust spurted
up that, to the recruit seemed unconi?
i\Y*+ ft w hacd
L * 71 Ul M ' > ViV'CV.
"What's that, sergeant?" asked the
^ "Oh, cn!y a couple of those spicks
trying to hump us off." returned 'he
sergeant, as he trudged calmly ahead.
"They take pot shots at me every time
1 pass this spot."
, "It's a bit dangerous, isn't it, sergeant
"Well, it might hp dangerous." explained
the non-com, "if those birds
c^'ild come within twenty fepf or so
of hittin' a t:uy. lint us Ions as they're
such rottei shots, I figure tliev might
as y<'ll finmee themselves that way,
as not. It helps to keep them out of
I JACK FROST A3 GOOD FRIEND
His Beneficial Effect Upon the Soil
calculable, and He Performs
Let those who will growl who*: !
Icicles hang tlie wail. To millions !
j Jack Irost comes as a friend, find not
always in disguise, clthyr.
Iiis inllutwe on soil is wor.dori'nl. j
says London Tit-i>its. l'esides rednc- !
>n^' it to a much finer state of tillii-re |
j than can he produced oy a:;y in-pie- j
j ments known ;<> man, it improves us
j fertility and adds to its quantity.
The highest counts of bacteria In
! soil- -and there may he IW.lKKi.lHH) in
j a grain?haw l><vti obtained in l:ar<J j
! winter:;, and it is during such seasons j
that the disintegration of roe': which j
i produces fresh particles of soil govs
on most rapidly.
As writer i asses from the liquid tc
the solid si ate its expansive powr Is
J about 150 tons to a square foot, which
is equal to the weight of a column of
rock about one-third of a mile in
height. Then comes the thaw, and as
. the water contracts away crumbles the
surface of the rock, to go to make
| the soil from which we draw our sustenance.
Out in the Cotswolds, when winter j
I Is coming on, they turn blocks of stone j
grain upwards, so that the rain shall J
j soak into the layers. A thaw succeed-: j
e frost, and then the blocks aj'e tapped j
: witIi a hammer, whereupon they tali
! into Hakes, ready, after a little triin'
ming for rooting houses.
So, too, you may see the slaters
: working at Colly weston, near Staiofonl.
When there is a likelihood of
frosr, the men dash water on ?the edges
of the masses of slate which have been
brought up from the pits or quarries |
If there are two frosts in rapid sue- !
j cession, with a quick thaw between, j
all is well, as the slate splits into lay- !
: ers. But a spell of mild v. oat her j
j Ij/e; :ns that the material becomes* u^e- j
less for anything except conversion J
I 11 r- r\Tr\ Jft| r.r\r\ CI I * O ETC !
1 BIliU S NfcSIb IPJ UUl? TLHUto :
j Remarkable Boldness Shown by Many ;
Species When They Are Engaged j
in Rearing Family.
Every year some fresh discovery is j
j made by naturalists respecting the !
r I curious habits of birds. The boldness j
| shown by even shy birds when domes- ;
| tic duties are concerned is surprising, j
j Robins are especially noted for their j
! boldness, and a pair have been known ;
j to build their nest and rear their
j family on a beam in a school, entering
: Jm- tl>L irrn?lnw whif'i was left OPen.
1 V,> mv *T 4U??v... -
1 * K
1 Swallows seldom build in odd places,
I but a pair have been known to build
j, their nest against a pans of window
j glass. A swallow's nest in a funnel ,
j is an exceptionally queer place foi 1
a bird of this species to choose.
I Wrens are very ingenious, and their j'
; dome-shaped nests, which are so !
! beautifully woven, are often found in
; old kettles and tins, and even in the ,
I pockets of old coats which have been j
left hanging about,. A hed'ge sparrow's i
nest in :: kettle was found In a bunch j
! of nettles fclosre to a public footpath, ;
j where school children passed every:
I day, but the faithful bird, with no j
j thought of danger, reared a family
! quite unmolested.
P.ifrrjitinn thp Earth. I
A person making a circuit of the 1
earth \vi!i one day by going yrcost-j
f ward. and gain a day by 'going east- \
i ward. In going eastward the sun i? J
: mot before a complete rotation of the j
i earth has been made. Thus the,
: period from noon until the sun is!
again met in the meridian is shorter <
j than from nt/on to noon in one j
: locality. Going westward requires a;
i lirt!e more than twenty-four hours for i
j th?? sun "to catch up," so that from i
noun to noon by sun observation!
j.covers a period of more than twenty-j
i four hours. In order to keep dates j
j right, a day is dropped out of reckon- j
| Ing by vessels sailing eastward wher !
f crossing the one hundred and eight- f'
feth meridian?fh;it is. they live thf
same (Ja.v twice; ami a day is adder
when they cross the same meridian
poing westward?for instance, arriv
ing nt the one hundred and eight iptl*
meridian, Saturday immediately be
comes noon Sunday.
The Human Gyroscope.
When you are dizzy things appea;
to go round in p. circle. However, tin i
is not with the eyes hut in o;
near tlie ear?<in organ which ap
j p:uvntly has nothing to do with sigh
| or feeling. Close lo the ear is locatec
the little organ which gives us oupower
of balance, permits us to wall
upright without tottering, and. whe;
properly trained, to assume posture:
which are distinctly outside the r?gu
Jar routine of our daily lives. Keren
trie dancers, acrobats, athletes am
others have unconsciously trained thi
"ba'ancrt wheel" until they can o<
strange things without, a* we say, ios
; ln^r their balance. When we spl:
i around rapidly, this delicate mechan
I ism is disturbed or thrown slightly ou
| of iro.-tr. causing the eyes to move :n
j dependency of each other and to sons
' different impressions to the brain
| This causes the spinning effect we ca' I
"Charley, dear," said young Mrs
: Torklns. "the cook who earae day b
fore yesterday has left us."
"Take .-mything with her?"
"Some few articles."
"V'e1!. I suppose fly reason she lef
lis was that she uidn't have any uf
J ' )
SHED LIGHT ON OLD TIMES
Interesting Official Documents Recently
Found in the State House
fncrusted with dust, yellow with
age, some nibbled by mice, a real
treasure irove of documents lias been
discovered by workmen restoring the
olu state house, the last of the group
of Independence hall buildings to receive
the city's attention, says a press
dispatch from Philadelphia. The building
was the seat of the city government
One of the official papers relates
that Robert Wharton, once mayor of
Philadelphia, addressing the select
council oa December 19, 1S14, deplored
the increase of "tippling
houses," especially those that sold
"ardent spirits" to minors in one and
two cent quantities. Another record
showed that as late as May 0, 1S16,
a resident of that city paid $23.r>0 as
a tax for being allowed to carry a
In the "tippling house" address oi
Mayor Wharton he called the old-time
saloons "vile sinks."
CJ; lint: houses also came in for his
attack, lie declared that many such
houses were being operated in the
city openly for the destruction of th
unwary, and lamented that there
were no laws against them. A reference
to a line of 10 shilling for the
unlawful discharge of 13rearms. was
mentioned by Mayor Wharton.
He criticized the filthy condition oi
"certain footways" and recommended
fixing the pavements on many citj
A police flyer was also found neai
where the old rogues' gallery used tc
Hrui in those da.vs this was an
Actual gallery around the police court
The flyer was dated about the middle
of the last century, and with it -were
photographs of a prominent New Tort
merchant and society man who had
run away with another man's wife
The names might surprise their descendants,
now numbered among New
York's "four hundred."
The documents date from 1775 t(
1S53, the majority belonging .to the
years of the last decade of the Eighteenth
century and the lirst two decades
of the Nineteenth.
John Home Tooke.
A renegade priest, who openly
scoffed at his calling and *vho led a
life, to say the least, which could not
be called respectable, would not be
well esteemed as a private citizen, notwithstanding
his learning and the ingenuity
of his own generally admired
work, "The Diversions of Purley."
John Home Tooke was born on .Tunc
25. 1736, and it was not so many year?
after that he was looked npon as one
of the political pests of the era. It if
rather startling that all the publw
questions on which his opinions were
denied mischievous have since beer
settled in his favor.
Tooke was fined and imprisoned foi
his opposition to England's war witt
her colonies. Twenty-three years afte;
his death reforms in the house of com
mons which he strongly advocated
were brought about. lie was the firsi
prominent Englishman to proclaim the
advantages of free trade, and hif
biography may well be kept in view as
a monument to the futility of intoler
Rock Has Great History.
A report on the Dome of the Ro^Ii
of Jerusalem is shortly to be pub
lished and will De 01 great miea-si u
the Mohammedan world. It may noi
be generally" known that this place if
the third in sanctity of all the sane
tnarles of Islam, and indeed for i
short period it actually formed th<
Kihla toward which all Moslems
prostrated themselves in prayer.
Among the more important reKgioui
associations of this rock we may men
tion that it was here that David ajic
Solomon were called to repentance
und on account of a vision Davie
chose this site for his temple. Frorr
this same spot <uonamnieu asccuucv
to the Seventh Heaven after his nigh'
Journey from.Mecca, and lastly it is
to he the scene of the Great Judg
ment. The historical associations ar<
not loss striking, nnd such fnmou:
names as Omar, Aldelmalek, Saladii
and Suleiman are all connected wit 1
the rock.?Zanzibar Gazette.
Wireicss Triumphs Over Mountains
The Point Grey and Victoria v.-ire
less stations wore in communion tic.;
with the High liiver (Alberta) air sta
tlon on a recent nigjit. This is tin
first time that Canadian wireless
plants have made connection across
the mountains. Several govern men'
reports were kicked across the peaks
during the night and when improver
receiving sots are provided the cons
stations and more power given Hi?!
River the service will he regular, it I
May Make Uss of Volcano.
~" 1 * I c- o Cfini
'inroe. exjieuiuvu.-* ?ki?v ..v..
froia this country to Kilauea, ihe flam
in:: firepit of the island of Hawaii. t<
investigate the practicability of tap
plivz the earth's interior for liont tf
furnisli power to all the Hawaiian is
lands. It is proposed to bore at th<
volcano on "safe ground" some dis
timce away, transforming subter
rrnean heat into electrical energy.?
Popular Mechanics Magazine.
Use Up Valueless Trees.
The fuel value of wood ought tr
inf.ure any one to cut down detri
mental trees. They vary a great dea
In \Mie fuel value for heating purposes
The lighter woods?cotton-wood, bo:
elder; :\r-l soft mnnle?have less val
no tban Hie hnrd woods such a? oek
ash, and hickory.
A POLITICAL NESTOR [1
' Scott C. Bone in Post-Intelligencer i
; (Seattle, Wash.), Dec. 4, 1017. h
J William Eaton ('handler, who rc- j
! ccntlv parsed awav at his home in
. x . |
Xew Hampshire, was an extraordinary
man and had a lonjr and extra- ,
ordinary career. For over half a 4
. centui'y he was active in affairs of .
state and nation. He saw ten ad-j.
' ministrations come and go at Wash-1
j ington?Lincoln's. Grant's, Haves',!(
i Garfield's, Arthur's, Cleveland's, Har-j,
, i rison's. McKir.ley's, Roosevelt's and,(
'; Taft's?and was identified directly, or j
."[indirectly, with all of them, save1,'
Cleveland's. And as an octogenarian J (
he saw Woodrow Wilson come upon:.
1 the sccne and attain world-wide pres-M
tige in the world war.
Solicitor and judge advocate, gen- J.
i oral of the navy department^ for a;.
, J brief period, and assistant secretary j.
J of the treasury under Lincoln (1865-j
67), he was secratary of the Repub-!
' lican national committee during!
( Grant's administration and helped to;
win the presidency for Hayes j
, j through the returning boards in Flor-j
i ida and Louisiana; was appointed so- .
t licitor general of the United States
by Garfield in 1881. but rejected bv'
' the senate on partisan grounds; be-!
1 came secretary of the navy under Ar-j
, thur (1882-85). initiated the work of
j the American naval expansion and1
r organized the Greely relief expedi-!
tion (1884); served in the United;
' ; States senate for fourteen years!
i 3 j,
' (i?5c5/ ? U J ) ailU I UUIIU^U l/UC 41 AO (A. j
tive public career as president of the!
" Spanish treaty claims commission
j (1901-07), retirnig ten years ago at J
. I the age of 72.
1 Throughout theee busy years he:
. maintained an uninterrupted rela-j
tionship with his home paper, the,
r Concord Monitor, contributing to its j
columns, and otherwise occupied him-!
) self and his trenchant pen as a pub-!
licist and propagandist.
He was a delegate at large to the
Republican conventions of 18G3 and
Away back on 1876, when the pres'
idency hung in the balance, he came
into party prominence by his aggres-j
. siveness and adroitness on behalf of
1 "Claim everything" was the word
he wired to Florida, South Carolina i
and Louisiana and he was swiftly on j
^ the scene to direct the organization j
i of returning boards and ; lay tne|
> # j
. foundation for a contest.atj^ashing-i
v ton which ended in the famCQs eight-j
i to-seven. verdict against Tilden and l
It was a tense, stirring time, that
'' after-election season, and cl^il strife
was seriously threatened. Democrats
i charged Republicans with > stealing
the presidency. Henry Watterson
sounded a clarion call to Kentuck3
ians to rise, one hundred thousand
' strong, and march upon the. capital,
and install their standard-bearer in
the White House?
"Old Bill" Chandler, as Democrats
: | opprobriously called him, although!
only 41 years of ape and with forty j
} years more of fight in him, ibore
1 much of the brunt of odium engen'
dercd by the overheated opposition
, and fairly reveled in the fray. The
> feeling againnst him was still run3
ning high when the senate rejected
his nomination for solicitor general in
' An extreme partisan in th'e '70's
j and early '80's, when in -the political
! philosophy of both parties~*the end
1 justified the means, when North and
t South still hated each other and thej
^ bloody shirt was not yet interred,!
when tbe spoils system prevailed and
civil service reform was a byword and
j hiss, when purchasable voters were
j corralled m oiocks 01 nve ana crisp;
new two-dollar bills came fresh from
the treasury and wevc doled out in
? doubtful states to buy, not win, elec*
tlons?in those days when both par1
ties took the sordid view o? things
and Web Flanigan rose in a national
, convention to ask "What arc we here
i for?" and. idealism was foreign to
t the political character, William Eaton
? Chandler was a shining product of
5 the sorry times.
But he was not so* set in his ways
as to be beyond political redemption.
He had ideals. He was high-minded.
Inherently clean, fuil of courage and
personally incorruptible, his vision
t did not remain awry. In time he saw
* the light?began to see and uader)
stand. Wearing the senatorial toga
he became a senatorial iconoclast. He
j. punctured sham and mocked political
i ! pretense. The system- he had once
- I rhnmr.inm'ri or condoned, ho came io i
- despise and finally to attack. Nothing:
" pleased him more than to "stir m the
animals" in the senate. Still a regular,
he lost respect for outworn party
tradition and did not hesitate to prod
. the G. 0. P. when it needed ir. He
1 was oftentimes unsparing. In the
!. Granite state he waged war upon soc
called vested rights. There was
" Rooseveltian virility in everything hej
1 did and Roosevelt liked him. Had!
:hc progressive niovemo?it taken form
arlier he would have had - rops.pic.ious
part in it, no loiut. Hut not to
he extreme limit of ;:b;> n'loning his
Chandler and Bar*
rillman formed a vlode rrk-miship in
:he senate. The New :-iani[.v;i:,,c-:to
immediately discovered the line qualities,
the diamond i;i the rovji.i, of
;he South Caroliniar. They became
ironies and cemented a .-ort of David
and Jonathan attachment. But ChmJler,
with all his love for TiUr.ian,
:-ould not restrain his disposition to
bait him when opportunity offered
and -send him ofT at a tangent. Tillma
had not then learned -elf-control,
[t was cruel of Chandler and he was
perfectly conscious of it, bit his humor
prompted it and his ^ufforinT
victim readily forgave it and their
friendship endured unto death.
T n m ot/'p Plaffnvm
Greenwood Index-Journa 1.
Suite Senator George K. Laney has
announced his platform and as the
first candidate for governor to do so,
he is entitled to notice.
His platform is the one he Iris
been standing on in the general assem
bly for the past nineteen years, to
wit: economy. It may be that he has
been running instead of standing on
it for nineteen years but it is certain
that he has not shifted with wind and
water. He has been consistent. First
as a college youth in the legislature?
~ rs.ll r\r*s\ n M/l in -f 1 _
HIT W?ld III CUllC^C anil III cuu
ture at the same time?and later as
one of the elder statesmen of the
senate he has preached in season and
out of season, at all times, economy.
Before this campaign is over we
should like to see some one make a
study of Sen. Laney, a sort of psychoanalysis
as it were. That is provided
he develops any strength on the
There is this about him to compel
attention -and credit. He seems to be
a type of man whe^ determined early
in Jife to"get an education and though
it was no easy task he never wavered
until he had accomplished his ambition.
Now ? man like that may be
narrow, may be afflicted with astlgmaficm
wfo?n innVinir at. so hifr and
nit* ,r O
broad an object as the state at larj;c,
may be stunted in development so
far as the needs of all classes are
concerned, but one 'cannot blot out
the fact that he is a man who has
i - for ;
between the oil well a
It takes a whole lot ii
apparatus and crud
Skill and experience
It is largely the know
ed the refining busir
this company that hu
ard'? Gasoline possit
"Standard" is as unifa
supply of a groat city?
dependable under ever*
with the right proportfo
fractions. Youeanl go
Are von n.^ini* 5;ie
Chart will tell yon.
| achieved. Tic has won a real battle
We do not -;ay that Sen. Laney i
j;;?t . broad-minded nvin; on the con
trr.ry h." has manifestly improved it
recent years. Aire mellows the wors
;;t' us in the matter of prejudice. Ant
while we have not seen him in actici
with that single gesture of his an<
heart! him atone in his o.wn pecuiia
way in several yen's, his opinions 01
ir measure 'before the senate, wi
hi-.ve the impredion that he is mucl
more liberal toward the stale's need:
as a whole than he was in forme:
Like Ivlr. Swearingen he will havi
to bo watched after the campaigi
gets under way to see' what sort o
political strength he can develop ii
, the state. Pie has undoubtedly, th
support and confidence of his bom
people. He has been a member o
the general assembly for n'neteei
j Do You Talk T
Perhaps vour brot
| dear friends live in ol
o'clock to midnight
are one-half the day
j to 4:30 A. M. the ra1
Ask Long Distai
cheap station to stal
nrkiTrriTimM nr"l * ?
3UU I tlLKlN atLL
any a ehaii
lid the gasoline service station,
lore than the best of refininff
c oil to make a satisfactory
are the ]>i& factors in refining,
ledge of men who have learaiicss
from tire bottom up v/iih
5 made the improved "Stand.'
rm and dependable ns the water
it is tested just as carefully. If. is
> condition because it is balanced,
ni/i i itermed?:itc and heavy
v;:':)y?s v/i^i ' -Standard.*'
oil for j our car ? The Folarine
3 OIL COMPANY
. years, twelve years of which have I
s i been spent in the senate. It i.; weil
-! worth while to make a note of George fl
i K. Laney.
} Up to Yon, Charlie
"This is a nice canoe, isn't it,
j Maud?" -aid the tali, dark young 1
' - i?J r>u?~\;n *?
j "Very nice, mui*cu? v>uainv,
. plied the pretty girl sitting: in the
.. t ''There's just one objection to it,"
r; said the young man.
"Indeed! And what is that?" aski
ed the girl.
?; "Oh, well, you see, if you try to
11 kitss a girl in this canoe there's great
I j danger of upsetting it, and then
1: both the fellow and the girl would I
L>; be thrown into the river." 1
e; "Oh, indeed," said the girl reflecV
tively. And she remarked softly:
II "Charlie, I can swim." ' k 5
o Absent Ones?
hers, sisters, mother or ~
\A/Trir rinf ioMr in ? .
V v li y nut tuiiv . wv
. 4 ' V1 ;
them oc isionally on i.
the telephone? ' [/ - Distance
makes no ij
* ' '1 o 1
difference and the cost
i j;; "4
is small. 1 ,-i"' i
' "?* r ' / . %
At night from 8:30 |\
station to station calls i ' v>v
rate. From midnight |
:e is one-fourth the day .
fti/? 1.1 i :
ice about this quick, * !
[ COMPANY ' I
uld put a magnifying glass on the
of your crank case atter using the *.
for from GOO to 1000 miles you
fuse to drive another miie until
[ emptied the burned-out oil,
he case with Nuso afid refilled it
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.ce v : ^
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