Newspaper Page Text
(IN WASHINGTON: SHIPS, DIN- !
NERS, LIQUOR AND LASKERj
Social Lobby's Methods Perfected,
Used More Cleverly Than
Stephen r oole in The Dearborn Independent.
1 "/Jama J TT V> ^ T ?J
Maybe you nave wouucicq
man you despised at home became a'
Big Gun at Washington. You won- j
dered, because you thought brains;
and principle and worth ruled there, j
They don't. Tho game is not played ;
that way. It ~oed to be, bu: now)
This story tells part of the tatc
only a small part. There are reticences
which every good citizei: wishes
to observe. But it is useful to
know why, for example, the ships of
the United States Shipping Board
have not been critised in the public
press, by newspapermen who knew
the facts, for their violation of American
liquor laws. The explanation
is the dinners given to newspapermen
by Albert D. Lasker.
Maybe you have wondered why
Lasker could get the White House itself
to boost shipping (board affairs
into a prominence not granted any 1
other issue?not even those i=sues
important to the welfare of the ; ?ople.
The answer is, Lasker's c :.n -is.
i? - , , Vio I
This is oniy a sman pait ^ .^.r.
story. Some day, if public policy requires,
t'-ere will be an explosion of
truth in Washingto^ when all the
now-suppressed facts will be blazoned
before an indignant people and a
thorough clean-up inaugurated.
The social lobby in Washington is
not a new institution, but it has perfected
its methods, and is being used j
& niovprlv than ever before. . It j
JU1V1& tiv . .
is one of the most potent influences
in the life of the national capital. The
ends sought are not always visible to
the casual observer. The methods
employed are often extremely subtle,
and even those persons whose high of
ficial and personal standing is being
j traded on are usually unconscious of
the purposes which the schemers are
seeking to accomplish.
"**" ? +ov Kill hpfnrp a
?neuiei it is a i.ua
[ congressional committee, a big claim
before an executive department for :
adjudication, publicity for a govern- i
mental subsidy, regulatory measures ]
affecting special interests or a federal j:
appointment that is sought to be in- i
iiaenced, the social lobby is sure to
play a big role. i
Senator Kenyon of Iowa, who was 1
recently elevated to the federal 1
bench, and who had a great deal to
do with turning the light on lobby'*
? * * >?* I 1
operations at Washington during maj
service in the senate, gave it as his
matured opinion that the social lobby
is one of the most active and perni- ]
cious of all. It is in full blase at the j
present time. j
Wa hington's "Information" Men i
It was Senator Kenyon who first j t
brought to light the remarkable casefj
of a former newspaper correspondent i
in Washington, who, by skillfully in- 1
gratiating himself via the social lobby i
route, reached the point where he j
was drawing $50,000 per annum as ]
the aggregate of retainers paid to t
him by various interests having irons c
in the legislative fire at the national s
Capitol. This young man was one of
the first to see the possibidities of the
^'Jsocial lobby. Having a wide u< -:>
jquaintance with public men through : c
Jhis former newspaper connections, he | <
took an apartment in the most ex- i
yensive downtown hotel in Washing- i
tjon. He and his wife entertained i
lavishly. Members of congress and t
. other high governmental officials were i
among his guests. He soon developed I
an almost uncanny faculty of getting i
what he wanted. He was able to ad- J
vise his clients, who happened to be i
;i terested in food lines, well in an- <
vance of the actual appointment, and '
before it was known outside the <
White House, that Herbert Hoover 1
"would be named American food administrator.
He was person, grata :
in high government circles an ft - as <
usually able to tip his print, ir' o 1
any impending action at Was : ;n
which it was to their advanta^s on
before the news gained circulation
outside of inner official circles. He
obtained much confidential information
which made him a valuable
political and economic adviser
for his clients among the largest business
interests of the country.
Many big concerns today maintain
"information" men at Washington.!
Not all these are lobbyists in the ac- J
cepted sense, but by the judicious distribution
of hospitality they are able
g' to get much valuable advance information
as to policies that are matur^ing
in the official mind.
W The importance of social activities
^VJias oeen su ma^iuiicu m cut uiuiu?i
^c^-the lesser lightr of the official con-j
W >llation that publicity machinery!
V ppropriated for by congress, and'
^ paid for by the taxpayers, has been!
used to get out notices of social i
events to obbtain wide publicity andj
react to the social prominence oJ
those concerned. "Cumin? out" par
ties of debutantes in the official
have been press-agented in this m
7ier and details of other social aifaii
have been given to a waiting work
through these channels.
An effort is sometimes made b.\
means of the social lobby to mellov
the attitude of the daily press towari
pending projects. Recently, when th<
ship subsidy legislation was submittet
to congress, and was subjected to the
fire of newspaper criticism, Albert D
Lasker, chairman of the Unitec
States shipping board, who is tht
"Mef sponsor of th- measure, gave 2
J nner at his home for che Washington
correspondents. Invitations were
telephoned to ail the representatives
of the more prominent newspapers
Lasker is comparatively a newscomer
ia Washington and the newspapei
men thought it not strange that he
should desire to establish closer contact
with the press. More than 8C
correspondents responded, a majority
of them without knowledge of the
purpose of the affair. A pleasant evening
was had. When the cigars were
reached and the chairs pushed back
from the dinner table, many of the
guests were surprised when their host
trotted out his holbby and in a neat
speech extolled its good p< ints.
To make the setting tor-ij. ete, the
president of the Unitv I c- :a Secrtary
of the Navy Den v .mh, Assistant
Secretary Theodora Roosevelt
were among the guests of the evening.
The occasion was not a dull one
despite the Eighteenth amendment.
A famous Chicago attorney, who
recently argued a case of national interest
before the United States supreme
court, entertained several
? of Vi i C Knfpl
press I epi trenriiLai.lv ca a u
where the Volstead act was no deterrent
to the Bacchanalian tendencies.
It is to be presumed that the spirit
engendered by this hospitality did
not react unfavorably in the press
notice of the case in which this attorney
was appearing. This method
of currying favor has long been a
practice with this lawyer, who has
amassed millions and bears all the
hallmarks of success.
The iniluence of White House dinners
in keeping members of congress
from stray?:..r off the administration
reservation has long been recognized.
President Roosevelt once said: " A
man who can be bought with a dinner
is not wrorth much." Nevertheless, 't
is well known in Washington :h;.t
nanv senators and rer?resentaiivjS
under the present and past administrations
have been deterred from insurgency
by the pleas of wives and
daughters that it might result in their
being cut off the invitation list for
White House receptions and dinners.
Washington society is dominated
i>y the official element. Once a sena;or
or representative is defeated for
Dublic office, with rare exceptions, his
" ^ rvviTT^l AfVfj .
lusca die tuvctcu
attending teas, luncheons, dinners
ind receptions in the official set. This
s indeed a sad circumstance in the
ives of many and it has influenced
nore than one public man to try a
political "come back." Not even St.
51ba could be so lonely to some of
hose who love the social atmosphere
>f Washington as to be reduced to the
society of "cvre friends."
The "House of Mystery"
An apartment K'vel in the exclusive
northwest section is the domicile
f several highly placed government
)fficials, including at least one cabilet
officer. This hotel is a favorite/
.vith the men who come to Washingion
on missions which require some,hing
more than routine presentation
it the departments or before con
sessional committees. Here they
ire afforded the opportunity for intimate
social contact with the heads or
assistant chiefs of department
:ind others of influence in government
circles. This hotel is the scene
of many festivities. Many gay parties
enliven the evenings there.
The>-e, where "dull care' is a stranger
and where members of tho official set
are always on hand for a dance or a
dinner, many a big govt ;,>nt deal
has been made.
Another place wht lie social
note predominates is a famous "house
of mystery" owned by a Washingtonian
of more than local prominence
and of independent fortune. It it
located in the business seciton of the
city and has more than one secret
entrance, where those who for official
or personal reasons do not wish tc
have their social activities advertised.
may attend its functions without detection.
During the pas. winter, diners
rivaling the Sherry dinners oi
New York, were held in this house
with dances from visiting shews sup
plying the entertainment on at ieae
How the social lobby may be con
verted in*o a vnluable a?set 10 ait
in the developnv .-it of a lucrative bu
siness is we'l illustrated by a
which has caused much go~sip in thi
inner cir^V at Washington. Th?
principal . ?. man whom we will stylf
f!"an Ohio attorney," though he was
-jnot exactly a shining light in his
v profession home and hi- business
? vtif i.,\ t/\ * h? ;i r
US IU)L triinj ti,! v.... _.
..ruing of cases in court. He had
I been connected in a small way with
a c". ember who is reputed to
'jt- political adviser to Presi;
dent i.trding. The Ohio attorney
] spent several weeks as a hanger-on
? at headquarters at Marion during the
1 front-porch campaign and had identi;
lied himself with the administration
. in th< ?~y. of many who wanti
ed i . i here. He took quarters in
i a Washington hotel and "opened up
i for business" soon after the last presidential
inauguration. The word was
/passed around by his runners that
; those who needed help might find it
. forthwith by applying to this individ
ual. He was a smooth talker and bus
Jiness came fast. Soon larger quar>
ters were required. A pretentious
,; residence on K street, near those of
i1 several senators, was rented. Here
. j big entertainments and dinners were
.' staged, with all the pleasant accescoon/1
. I lea Ul auu uuimi:6 J- . ?
;|sional entertainers. These were in;
! Only Provided the Scenery
The dinners at the K street resi:.
dence are said to have been well-apj
pointed affairs which would have
done credit to a cabinet member.
. Those who received his invitations
felt themselves honored. Many of the
: | guests now realize that they were on.'
ly a part of the interior decorations.
They only provided the scenery which
j made the attorney's entertainments
' go well. The host's fame grew apace
.! and he thrived wonderfully. He made
.! many new connections. Sometimes
I he took his cases on a contingent fee
basis, but more often he insisted that
. those who needed his assistance
,! should pay a generous fee in advance
;'as an evidence of good faith, with
t more to come when success crowned
t> : ?
; HIS eiiurus. XTUUiiiienc peisuus ill me
.'administration were inveigled to dinners,
and there tb<? "suckers" were
'given an ocular nv p.stration of the
, standing of the Orio aitorney with
.'the official set. This man prospered
| at an amazing rate as the early
; months of the Harding administration
flew by. Finally, his operations be!
came a scandal and the news of his
j activities is understood to have reachi
ed the White House. He was asked
, 1 to pitch his tent elsewhere. He took
j the hint and his departure was expe
; dited by an order irom tne executive
' to heads of departments to disregard
i his claims of special influence with
i the administration. When he shook
| the dust of Pennsylvania avenue from
; his well-groomed feet it is reported
('that he was richer by several hundred
thousands for his sojourn in Wash?
| ington. This man was a clever man.
ipulator. He had the knack of dropping
little intimations as to his close
; personal rel?t:ons with administration
officials without appearing to do
; so. He had been a "fixer" in Ohio
and professed to be able to arrange
maUf-rs for those who had the price]
! .? v% *-7 1 -p ta vtn 1% a4U nv V? *1 I
aixu W(;:i lavuid iicric:. ncuici 11*7 j
jwas ever able to deliver anything
: n;ore tangible than promises is not as1
j These are only a few instances of
I the modus operandi of the "social
(bl"c' :!' Washington, Ite tentacles
1 rea ;i and form a network around
! government operations in the national
Pickinc Great Men
i The title might and should include
. "Great Women" but it would make
too long a line so we can just consider
it as go intended.
1 It is and has been for a long time
a most fascinating indoor sport.
The beauty about is Lhat there can;
be as many lists as there are players!
in the game and one man's list may
be just as good as another's though
it contain altogether different names.
Charles Francis Adams in those
four great lectures of his at Oxford,
England, published under the title
! "Transatlantic Solidarity" put forth
' in the last lecture the claim that Amj
erica has produced "unquestionably"
' three great men.
| Name them?
Here they are, Washington, of
course. Then Benjamin Franklin and
; Abraham Lincoln. These, he asserti
ed, would be accepted anywhere in
; the world as great men. Personally,
I and here is what intrigues all of us
> in the South so, he wanted to urge
, the claims of a fourth man.
j Who in the world could it be?
And this Adams of Massachusetts,
* XT.... ?e \'aix r
[ senoiar axi(j incw ^u^:auun <ja
, Englanders, tells his Oxford audience
- that his name is Robert E. Lee.
t All of this -was years ago.
J Comes now'?''^vowing his own
- peculiar use of e verb, used time
1 after time in his Oatl-'-? of History?
- H. G. Wells and g: ox > a new list
? of the world's greatest men.
? And because of the advertising he
i has received from his Outlines of
i ^ History?which all the professors of
history hooi at a> historv at all,?Mr.'. "
Weils gelcs the attention of the mo-! .
ment. ' r
Most any of us could pick out a!
half dozen names unknown to the;*
general run of people and cause some' 1
_ : L
brief attention thereby?that is those.a
with access to an encyclopedia or aj\
good biographical dictionary.
Personally we could name a dozen. i
or more men whose estimate of really j!
great men we would vastly prefer to i [
Mr. Wells'. Two of them are not farjs
away, to wit: Dr. D. I). Wallace, of is
the Wofford college faculty, and Dr. j ^
W. W. Ball, editor of The State. j.
As for the greatest women, the j l
Sunday metropolitan papers are run-jj
, ning pages of ''lists.*' And why not?;?
All are great. I
j Jane Addams is not near so general-! ^
ly known as most newspaper readers1 t
1 think she is. Try the first half dozen |
women or even men you meet on the'
(Street and see. j I
Ask the average young lawyer who j
was the greatest lawyer of this coun- J
: try in the past quarter of a century v
! and see if he will tell you of a man j 0
| named Johnson? | ^
i Ask?but what's the use of getting; 9
! the doctors and everybody else allj ^
' stirred no? j *
"And will you make a contribution 1
toward the new parish hearse, Mrs. j
"Sure and I will not. I gave a dol- ?
jlar for the last wan and niver had the ^
jchanst to use it oncet." t
Lenine is ill, but his condition is
reported as not as serious as most 01
us had hoped.
Cures Malaria, Chills and Fev- a
;er, Dengue or Bilious Fever. It a
| kills the germs. }
WHY SUFFER SO? a
Why suffer from a bad back, from t
isharp, shooting twinges, headaches, c
dizziness and distressing urinary ills? g
rrnrvir * t t nrvr\Tcun A T OHf
r itUiVi i\L,Li rniiN^ir^vij OJ
MOUNTAIN AND SE
Effective May 20th to Septem
be sold for all trains Saturdays i
ing Tuesdays following date of sa
ruiiuvv'iig iww laico wjii gij]JIV
Asheville, N. C $G.90
Brevard, N. C. . $6.90
j Charleston. S. C $7.50
Flatt Rock, N. C. .J :$5.S5
Hendersonville, M. C SC.00
Lake Toxaway, N. C ?7.80
Mountain Home, N. C SC.15
Skyland, N. C $0.55
Tryon, N. C ?5.05
Waynesville, N. C .$3.15
For further information and
I The driver who can not 1
i rl 11 n 1 * f n 1 \
iuuai vviiv tvanu j
always likes to step on the
see a car ahead of him, thes(
the most careful driver neec
mobile insurance. This age
Make a memo now to teli
| James A
1103 Caldwell St.
i xt i rL
t I ! ?! ? 1 Iii I. .Ill ib a?l?n? mm rl e
sew bevvy people recommend Down's
Cidney Pills. Ask your neighbor!
'ould you ask for stronger proof of
H. G. Meyer, painter, !.'?1:? Col-.
cL'-e. St.. Newberry, says: "Working;
irounri turpentine caused my Sidney
rouble. My back completely gavo out
md I had to crawl downstairs back-!
vards at one time. My back was in;
l terrible state. I was all ban: overi
ind couldn't straighten at all. livery,
nove felt like the stab of a knife and
ny head always felt peculiar. 1 be-i
ame dizzy at times and niy kiJnevsj
icted too freely. The secretions;
calded in passage and contained i
ediment. ] tried different remedies;
vithout relief but reading of Doan's ;
vidney Pilis I procured some and j
hey cured me of the attack. If I:
'eel the least pain in my back I pro ure
Doan's Kidney pills at Mayes';
"Ivno* anci thfv vr?lipvr? IllP in a f
,hort time." j
00c at all dealers. Foster-Milfourn j
:o., Mfrs., Buffalo, X. Y.
' _ i
JNIVERSITY OF SOUTH CAROLlJ
Scholarship and Entrance Examina- ;
The examination for the award of!
acant scholarships in the University!
f South Carolina and for admission!
-f new students will be held at the;
ounty court house July 14, 1S22, at i
' a. m. Applicants must not be lese:
han sixteen years of age. When
cholarships are vacant after July 14
hey will he awarded to those makng
the highest average at examinaion,
provided they meet the condiions
governing the award. Appliants
for scholarships should write to
'resident Currell for scholarship)
ilankts. These blanks properly Tilled j
ut by the applicant should be filed'
vith President Currell by July 10. j
!cholar=hips are worth $1007 free tu-1
tion and fees. For further informa-j
President W. S. Currell
*? * / n
University 01 a.
Columbia, S. C.
SCHOLARSHIP AND ENTRANCE
The examination for the award of
acant scholarships in Winthrcp colege
and for admission of new stuipnt<?
will be held at the county court
lOUSe on Friday, July 7, at 9 a. m. JI
Applicants must not be less than six-jj
een years of age. When scholarship? 1!
.re vacant after July 1 they will b
warded to those making the highest
iverage at this examination, provided
hey meet the conditions governing
he award. Applicants for scholarhips
should write to President Johnon
before the examination for schol.rship
Scholarships are worth $100 and
ree tuition. The next session will
ipen September 20th, 1922. For fur
her information and catalogue, atl- I
Iress Pres. D. B. Johnson, Rock Hill, j
5. C, 4-28-tf 1
?ci'11 1 1 ????? j
NATIONS TO PRINCIPAL
ber 30th, round trip tickets will
md Sundays limited i'or returnle.
Arden, N. C $6.45
Black Mountain $7.60
Campobello, S. C 54.70
Fletcher, N. C $6.35
Hot Springs, N. C. $8.55
Lake Junaluska, N. C $8.05
Saluda, N. C $5.45
T,rW Hn $8.95
Tuxedo, N. C $5.70
Walhalla, S. C $5.00
Pullman reservations apply to
mLL ? , M||L>|| | | ! i | | |- ?
V&A. WA* W
iv a it?the foolhardy indiv^ou
to it"?the chap who
accelerator?who hates to
? are the reasons that even
is to carry complete autoncy
will sell you the best
Newberry, S. C.
amber of Commerce
L L 1
nave: uccii s;
records for s
be ready for
? V H *-K 4T+I
bers July 6 V
If vou are no
of Club com<
and get the
month at no
in iime of sickn
get well again, i
depend upon 1
the medicine th<
Bring your doc
tion here and y<
what his order <
nn of the nures
drugs, with con
and skill, yet ch
Member Newberry Cha
ise of Clubs
t a Member
3 in and join
ty New Edi.
Cost to you.
, . V
ess. Doses of
be taken to
but a lot will
:he quality of
e spoon holds,
will get just
calls for, made
t and freshest
arged for most
mber of Commerce,