Newspaper Page Text
THE MANNIG TIMES.
WEDNESDAY, JUNE 16, 1886.
B. S. DINKINS, Editor.
The Democratic Executive Commit
tee of Clarendon County will convene
on next Saturday, the 19th, for the
purpose of re-organizing the party;
to call a convention, discuss and en
act whatever may be necessary.
Among the subjects, we suppose
hat the mode of election, whether by
-Primaries" or "Convention," will
oome up before the Committee. It is
too early to prognosticate. Had the
question been put before the people,
early after the last general election,
the'Primary system' would have gone
by the board, with a whoop! Since
then there have been many changes,
no doubt, in sentiment on this sub
ject. The "Convention plan" has many
features to commend it to the favora
ble attention of the public. Less
trouble, less expense and less ranco
rous discussion. But whatever way
the majority chobses will be the one,
desirable, however, without attempt
ing any disparagement of the well es
Vbclehospitality of the County,
left to the good matrons who
so *n called upon to provide
.Agi5 cheer" for the candidates,
strounding in number and politeness,
the "Primaries" would have to go to
We publish elsewhere the letter of
Gen. John Bratton, whose services in
the last war are still so warmly re
membered by the people of the State,
especially those who were his com
Tades in arms. Nor did he rest be
neath the laurel shade of the hero
aid soldier. Immediately after re
trnin* home, he entered the honor
able list of those tilling the soil, and
has ever since devoted his entire time
and talents to agricultural pursuits,
in which he has met with full and
well merited success. This letter will
commend itself to those who desire
he prosperity of the whole State, and
vrther, shoyv in the difference of opin
on from many now current, how men,
n-the full'integrity of purpose, may
: iffer, and-do so honestly. We cam
adordsto admit of no division among
ALand should act as a unit. Classi
atior will bring about criminatiom
z jecrimination, and one combina
-n, will in the light of all experience,
met by another combination, and
t of the result?
The fearful accident .which rushed
Monny persons, without-a moment's
- ginto an untimely and violent
on the Santee trestle, a few days
Sbshould carry with it a whole
pe lesson to railroad companies
ispre all truisted with the su
on of these matters, with a de
ton to leave no effort, unex
in searching out the cause, ii
Sbiwithin the reach of dilligent en
qwry.The-disaster is one of suet
as to send a thrill of hor
r~adrien over the entire country
" ~Iawof th'e State have delegat
e~Ihis authority to the Rail Road
Ominer, and any cursory sur
Tyof 4hae matter will not satisfy the
sopW These companies are entrust
--:ed, daily and hourly, with the lives o:
prsons who take passage with thE
blind donfidence of a child, in thE
aimns of its nurse, imposed in those
be1~ohavethe management and thE
operation of-the roads, and, necessari
ly, exposed to the results of every aci
of careless negligence.
-We would not assume to lay re
proach at the door of any one; and
refrain from the expression of opmn
ion, in thie hope that the companies
- and the railroad commisioner wil
join in earnest and unremitting effort!
--to find, if .there be blame, where itlies
We will venture, however, to say thi!
- much, thiat the golden opportunity)
fdr investigation, in our opinion, has
:passed. The time for taking thisrfmat
ter actively in hand, was, immediate.
ly after the accident.. The positioi
of everything then, would, or mighi
have gone far to show, wherein the
difficulty lay. Now they will have tc
* rely upon the testimony of surviving
passengers, who, as well may be 1n
agined, were frightened half out o:
their lives; and, as they themselves
acknowledge, were dazed to such at
extent, as scarcely to know what real
ly occurred-except the central fact
that they had been badly shaken up
The matter is a very grave one, an<
nothing should deter those in author
itv, from . the fearless execution o
t1heir duties; and let the road be ex
hionorated, or suffer in just measure
the penalties of this heartrending
Dr.fE.H.Huggins made a mos
satisfactory settlement with theComip
troller last week. The following
abstract of the settlement has beer
kindly furnished us by Dr. Huggins:
Total State tax charged, $9,072.43
Treasurer's commissions, $286.99
Deductions by Comptroller for erron
jous as essens $14359 Nulla
Aquent to State and costs on same
$137.41- Tax on lands, carried t<
1885-6 $32.32; Net collections fo;
Total ordinary and special Countl
Ordinary County,3$5,773.36; Specia
County. $3,299.07; Treasurer's corn
missions, $286.99; Deductions b~
Comptroller for erroneous assess
mnents, $143,59; Nulla Bona, $152-35
tax on lands carried to 1885-6, $32.32
met collections-: Ordinary county
$5,336.62; special county, $3,049.50
Total School and Poll taxes charged
School, $3299.07; Poll, $2,657.50
5 and 15 per cent, $113.37; Treasur
er's commissions, $184.37; Polls abat
ed by Auditor, $28.00; School Null;
sona, $55.40;.Lands delinquent t<
State, $25.84; Polls non-est., $116.00
Polls turned'over to Trial Justices
$11.75; Deductions. by Comptroller
for erroneous assessments, $52.21;
5 and 15 per cent on uncollected de
linquent polls, $40.86; net collection
for schools, $5,387.51.
- Annual settlement made with
Comptroller General, June 10, 1886.
Mr. Tindal's Speech Before
the Clarendon Agricultur
Mr. Tindal said in substance: I have been
requested to answer some objections which
have been urged against certain measures
proposed by the Farmers' Convention and
especially against the new Board of Agricul
ture. This method of organizing our Ag
ricultural Board is the same as that which
has been long in operation in Ohio, where
it has worked so well that the whole mass of
farmers have been brought into full sympa
thy and co-operation with the board-and
for the small sum of $160) per annum for an
alysis, eary farmer has confidence that
when he buys guano he gets precisely what
he buys-and furthermore, through the ag
ricultural societies, the board is able to in
flnenee all classes of farmers, while it is
stimulated and reacted upon by them. It
is so divorced from politics that Republi
cans and Democrats who hotly contend for
every other office in the State, join hands
in cordial support of their agricultural in
The argument urged that lawyers could
just as reasonably be allowed to elect t'ie
Judges as that farmers be allowed to
elect their Board of Agriculture, can have
no weight with any man whose habit of
reasoning has not been perverted. If judg
es.had only to sit in judgment over the law
yers it would be just and proper to allow
the'lawyers to select them-but judges pre
side over all classes of the population, and
therefore all should share in their election.
But, the Board of Agriculture as ie propose,
will confine its work to our agricaltural in
terests, will not legislate but recommend
le'slation-will be to the farmers some
thing like boards of trade are to the com
mercial population, and therefore should be
chosen by the farmers whose interests alone
are at stake and who alone support it? Why
do we always elect our judges and solicitors
from one class, viz-, the lawyers? Because
we rightly presume that men whose busi
ness is the practice of law, are by that very
fact better judges of the law. Is it not just
as reasonable to suppose that men whose
business is agriculture, whose time and tal.
ents and interests are all concentrated upon
it, are just as much more fitted for a boara
of agriculture? It has greatly surprised mr
that we should meet so much opposition on
such a point. I have never found a self.
respecting farmer, though well educated,
who desired to be electea judge. Why
should other classes who know nothing ol
agriculture, so hotly contend to get upon the
Board of Agriculture?
Again, it is continually insinuated tha
we are casting reflections on Gov. Thomp
son and the whole Board of Agriculture, by
wanting to reorganize this Board. When
State officials execute the laws as they find
them, they have done their duty. It is ou
prerogative to charge or modify the law, il
we feel that our interests demand it. I have
both on public occasions and privately ex
prested the highest appreciation of Gov.
Thompson's administration-and if a desire
to reorganize the Board of Agriculture is v
reflection upon him-then every proposed
change of every law ever amended, is a re
flection on every officer that ever held an
office. Now, my friends, what does this
farmer's movement really mean? It means,
first, the thorough organization of the farm
ers of the State, if it can be effected.
For what purpose? To improve and ad.
vance our agricultural interests, and t<
place ourselves in the same condition tc
protect our rights, that all other classes have.
The farmers are beginning, at least, to real
ize that all other classes are quicker to un
derstand their rights, and are better organ
ized to protect them and advance their in
terests. Every class is organized but farm
er. The merchants have their Boards o:
Trade-in every city-composed of met
quick to appreciate their interest, and intel
lgent to see the present and prospectiv<
bearing of proposed legislation upon thel:
interests. You frequently see in the news
papers, that this or that measure will injur
the "business interests," "will alarm th<
business interests," "will promote the busin
ness interests." When you come to inquire
what this "business interests" is. you finci
that it is the banks, railroads, manufactures
and commerce. The farming interests, th<
greatest and most important of all, is nol
even taken into the account. Whether
measure injures them or not, nobody cares
Why? Because they don't know their righti
and make no fuss about thema. They asl
nothing, they get nothing, they pay all
Let a measure be proposed which, will in
jure commerce either in a state or the na
tional Legislature. The Boards of Trade al
once meet and enter protest, backed up be
all their constituency, and by their owi
newspaper press-and so of their interests
They at once take alarm and are up in arms
to protect their rights. Not so with th4
scattered, unorganized, heedless farmers
Millions of dollars could be wrung out o:
them .>y inidirect methods and they wouli
not even know it. Are we not so informei
by the Tariff Reformers? Yet, when we
make an effort to do what we are advised
ought to be done. What we know to b<
necessary, what all other classes do, we art
met on every hand and every side by the
jealous politicians, and by the fears of mana
who live and thrive upon the farmers' folla
Think how little is done for our agricul
tre. The Republic of France, we are- told
spends 20 millions per' annum to suppor
and protect. encourage and develop her ag
ricultural resources. After the war witi
Gemany, the first wise act of the nev
French Governmenit, was to lend a helpinl
hand to her farmers. The result was, tha
in a few years France was able to pay off th<
whole war indemnity to Germany, and th<
whole people had risen as from the ashes
to inspire anew the fears of Germany.
After the destructive Napoleonic w'irs, ev
ery industry mn France was destroyed. Shi
had no manufactures, and no skilled me
chanics. England held a monopoly ani
forbid skilled artisans and manufacturer:
from leaving her shores. Francs suppliet
their deficiency by establishing industria
schools or colleges, when science as applief
to manufactures, was the principal aim o:
the curriculum. In a short time Englani
herself was amazed at the progress ani
skill of France in manufacture. Now ir
South Carolina we want to learn to appla
science to our agriculture, and we wan
skillful and carefully taught mechanics. I
is a necessity of our condition. In pas
days boys were apprenticed to 1::arn me
chanics. In our generation the youtl
have rebelled against that plan of educat
ion. The mind of the scientific world ha!
been more concentrated lately upon agri
cultural science than ever before. Rapih
progress is being made everywhere in a bet
ter knowledge of the science of Agriculture
No people need this increasing and expand
ing knowledge more than we <co. But wher
we propose to obtain it for ourselves, mos
monstrous and exagerated statements of thi
-cost are made and every sly and ingenio:
artifice to defeat the measure is put before
-the people. The economy of a measure i
not the amiount of it-s cost but of its servic.
to us. A man who spends $500 for manure:
which bring him back a thousand, need no
be scared at the size of the outay. Un
'Ithe man who spends $100 an dgets back 'JO0
had better not invest at all. My view o
the agricultural college, and of all who' ad
vocate it, is to make it the means of e lucat
-.ing ourselves as well as our children. Th.
-President of the Maryland Agricultura
College gives the method to be jmursued
which exactly meets my view, lhe says
~In order (for a State) to solve the scientifi
problems embraced in the theoretical, pr
tical and cxpcrimental methods of agrical
ire. the educational work should be tw'
1st. That conductod in the class-rooms
with practical experimental illustration on
the College Farm to the students.
2nd. Experimnental work outside the coli
lege, anong farmers of the State, under the
direction of the college.
Uider this two-fold arrangement you have
the farmers of the State, in every county
and section, solving in practical field ex
periments, problems which had been deter
mined in the laboratory and formular of the
college. The college would really have two
classes of students. those within the college
and the farmers of the State. The outside
experiments to be made by representative
farmers-say four from each county, in dif
ferent sections of it-supplied by the Pro
fessors with seeds, plants and minute di
rections. In this way results could be speed
ily developed, which, in the ordinary node
would take several generations to achieve."
In short, the farmers movement means the
revolution of our agriculture, the education
of our class, and to place ourselves in a po
sition to command that respect and influ
ence to which our members, and the digni
ty and importance of our vocation should
entitle us. We can see no reason why oth
er classes should object to it. We make no
war upon them, we simply assert our own
rights-seek legitimately to improve our
concition and elevate our calling.
-. - --
Gen. Bratton's Opinion of
The Farmers' Convention.
In a letter to the Winnsboro' Ne'cs and Her
aU Gen. John Bratton explains his position
in reference to the farmers' imovement. He
I desire to b- distinctly understood as ac
cording to the advocates of the farmers move
ment the honesty of purpose and good faith
that I claim for myself, and indeed have ev
er claimed for the sturdy farmers of the land
in public matters. The expression "to the
manor born," with all the devoted fidelity
to country that it carries with it, has ever
been associated in my mind especially with
the owners and tillers of the soil. Their
interests are as fixed as the soil itself. They
cannot be stored in safes, or boxed and sent
off to foreign vaults in the time of trouble.
They must abide the fate of their country,
whether it be devastated by an invading foe,
or rent and torn by internal dissensions
and class conflicts, or calmly rests under the
peaceful reign of law based on mutual con
cessions. it they are not true in their
hearts to the best interests of the State,
where are we to look for fidelity?
With no doubt as to their motives I hoped
and expected that the Convention would be
i :n e iective agency of agitation, and by its
consideration and discussion of the agricul
tural situation reach some intelli:;ent con
clusion as to the cause of the depression, or,
at least, throw some light on the subject and
to that extent allay the unrest and discon
tent which seemed to prevail. It was with
feelings of disappointment and regret that I
found myself unable to concur in the action
on which it seems to have been predicated.
I say seems, because in the published pro
ceedings the grounds on which the action
was based are not clearly an d definitely stat
ed. There seemed to be a vague, indefinite
idea that the body politic was affilicted with
leprosy and honeycomed with rottenness
and that amid this rubbish of leprosy and
rottenness, concealed somewhere, is inask
ed enemy to the agricultural interests of the
State. 1 cannot concur in the idea that is
floated on the air, not fixed and located,
that injustice has been done to, or justice
been withheld from, the farmers of the State
by any other class in the State, or that the
agricultural depression prevailing is in any
way, shape or form attributable to the con
duct of our State Government.
The administration of o u r G o v.
e r n m e n t s i n c e '76 has never
been excelled in purity or in fidelity to
constitutional obligations, and it will con
tinue to be an honor ahd blessing to the
people of the State as long as it is controlled
by a political organization which combines
in harmonious union the' conservatism, the
intelligence and the character of all classes
of onr people, whether the offices are filled
-by farmers or not.
If there is an individual or a class, organ
ized or disorganized, in the limits of the
State, in hostile attitude to the agricultural
interests of the State, I will venture to say
that he or they are so closely masked as to
defy the skill of the best scouts of the farm
ers' army to locate them. To my mind it is
all baseless assumption-putting up an im
aginary enemy in order to get up a fight.
But grant the correctness of these assump
tions-do the measures proposed reach and
cure the evils? Do they tend to generate or
call into service a healthy, sound, elevated,
liberal and enlightened public sentiment?
This is the only reliance-the single and
sole agency by which rottenness in a - Gov
ernment like ours can be reached and erad
icated. To meet the assumed condition
(which, by the way, has strayed entirely
away from the incipient object of the Con
vention, namely, agricultural depression
and its cause) the farmers are called upon
to organize as a class, to enforce class legis
tion-to capture the Legislature to take what
legislation they want. They are to call a
convention of the people and reorganize the
Government to sumt their views. In t ae
-meantime, such institutions as the assems
bled wisdom of all classes of the State have
been able, with patient and earnest labor in
adjusting complications and surmounting
difficulties, to build on the ashes of our
ruins, are to be felled at one blow as State
institutions, and, without regard to cost con
verted into class establishments: If the farm
ers organize for such a fight they will inaug
urate class conflict, in which the actions of
men are governed, not by moderation and
wisdom and calm consideration for the com
mon wveal, but by passion anid prejudice.
Will this, I submit to the organizers, call in
to action that sound, healthy public senti
ment that you need to cure rottenness in the
it seems that one of the purposes of the
movement is to take by legislation for the
benefit of the farmers their just share of the
public treasures. When the power is ob
tained by such means to do that, who is to
determine what the just share of the farmer
class is? Who is to measure the grab?
Where is the authority for distributing the
public treasure, justly or unjustly, among
the classes of our people ? When was it ever
-done in our country, unjustly and indirect
ly, as is p)roposed here, by class legislation,
tue great source to which some of us trace
the depression of our industries? I mean
Fedendl class legislation, howvever, not State.
But pjush on a step further. We make this
class fight and win. And what do we as
farmers, or our agricultural interests gain to
remunerate us for the wounds and sears with
which a crippled and debased political sent
iment emerges from the contlict ?
We w ill have lowered our standard of ed..
ucation, especially that of the farmer, by sub
stituting, regardless of expense, a set of
special chIss schools for our State University
sysatem. bY special class education we will
secure the perpetuaition of the class dissen
sions and strife wvhich we have inaugurated.
The State will not be allowed to concentrate
her educational strength, and, in her in
pov'erished condition, exercise the highest
:ac wisest economy in affording opportuni
tics for the moirl and intellectual culture of
her sons, ad bre-Aing down class linies,
train up to one he-arty, healthy, strong fain
ily mutually. dependent, mutually support.
inug and alway ts stugg' ling' together for the
welftare, honor andl lory of their comimon
miother. How~ this is to benefit the farmer
as an individual, oi the farmers as aclass, or
the agricultural interests 0f the State, it will
be difficult to show.
There is one assumption that I neglected
to mention, which is correct; and that is,
that the farmes constitute the majority of the
:dominant political party of the State. This
is a first-class gr ond for not organizing as
farmers for p~oliticid purposes. as in that do
nminant party only can they wield their po
litical strength wisely for the welfare of the
-Stat:: and for the benefit of themselves. Blut
the prograinme is an appeal to them, not to
aset thn+ entth ns citirens and~ Dom
c.ats, but to organize it aud wield it as elss
power for class purposes. This power is 0
be wiclded x thin the lines of the Democrat
ic party. That is the avowed and, I believe
the sincere intention of the movers and or
ganizers. Will such a iovement contribute
to the harmony and efficiency of that party?
I- there any conservatism, and spirit of con
cession in it? Is there not the shadow of the
spirit that would rule or ruin ?
Again-it is a farmers' organization to car
ry out a platform political in its chara ter
and other than that of the Democratic party.
How is the membership of such an organiza
tion limited to Democrats? Is it not unfurl
ing a fiag that might attract even a judicious
enemy of Democracy and under which he
could judiciously fight? There is no provis
ion against it. Can we afford this sort of
thing in our condition ? Fearfully handicap
ped by the weight of anewly-fledged and de
based'citizenship, is it not suicidal to fritter
away our strength for such a purpose, when
it is all needed to uphold the thin veil of the
law between us and a licentious and de
bauched government, and with it, if it ever
comes again, the debasement of our standard
of free citizenship? From such a condition
tiere can be no r,:storation for u-.
The situation here in South Carolina de
volves on us of the white race the highest
duties of citizenship-requires the mainte
nance of the highest standard of citizenship.
While orators, writers and sentimental phi
lanthropists theorize at a distance on the
race question, it is our fate to be in the fore
front in the practical solution of the problem.
The vital question with us is-can we under
the load thrust upon us, maintain a healthy,
liberal, enlightened public and political sen
timent, or are we to succumb and be drag
ged down to its level? By taking care of our
selves in this matter, we render the highest
service ani do our full duty to the State,
and, indeed, by thus holding up to his view
a high and worthy standard we render the
only aid in our power to the "man and broth
er" in working out his own destiny; that he
must, under the laws of nature, do for him
self. But the point is made for application
to ourselves and our duty in working out our
own destiny. Is it not the part of wisdom,
is it not the dictate of self-preservation, to
concentrate our force-our intellectual and
moral force, our educational and politic.1
force, our Anglo Saxon race force-and ap
ply it to the accomplishment of this purpost ?
How can we do it? The only -agency in
our reach for effecting this combination is
the Democratic party-the organization not
of any class, tut of all classes-the organiza
tion of the people. It was framed for the
purpose and used effectively to lift the polit
ical sentiment of the State from a condition
of ruinous and disgusting degradation to a
healthy standard, and thereby restore to its
allegiance to the Constitution the Govern
ment of the State. It is the only menns at
our command for maintaining the ficielity of
Government to the expressed will of the peo
ple. It is the only instrumentality through
which we can concentrate our strength for
the supreme duty of the situation. So long
as it will require of the officials of Govern
ment fidelity to constitutional obligations in
tlie conduct of their offices, and maintain the
rule of their Constitution, so long may we
await in calm security the development of
the destiny of the black race. The Demo
cratic party, with all its faults and shortcom
ings, is our sole reliance, our forlorn hope,
in the conflict with the difficulties and dan
gers of this critical period in the life of the
State. Can we afford any movement that
will cripple and impair its efficiency?
But enough has been said to indicate my
views on the subject. I am forced to. the
conclusion that the movement will operate
in the opposite direction from that intended,
and is a most unfortunate mistake. Its full
est success would sacrifice the substance for
the shadow, and, far from benefitting the ag
ricultural interests of the State, would be
detrimental to all interests
and especially to the agricultural. But the
particular misfortune of such a movement
lies in the fact that success is not necessary
to enable it to do harm. The mere persist
ence in it will be like a fire in the rear and
will distract and cripple our strength in the
great conflict in front.
In my judgment the action of the Conven
tion was ill-considered and inconsiderate,
radical and unreasonable, and utterly re
gardless of the difficulties and complications
of the situations here in South Cirolina.
NORTHEATEPN H. R. COMPANY.
CnARLEs'ros, S. C., Apr. 25, 1886.
O N AND AFTER~ THIS DATE THE fol
lowing Schedule will be run.
Leave Charleston, No. 43 12.05 P. M.
Leave Charleston. No. 47 12.25 A. M.
Arrive Florence, No. 43, ' 4.10 P. M.
Arrive Florence, No. 47, 4.11 A. M.
Leave Florence, No. 40, 1.35 A. M.
Leave Florence, No. 42, 12.5 P. M.
Arrive Charleston, No. 40, 5.00 A. M.
Arrive Charleston, No. 42. 4.5 P. M.
Nos. 40 and 47 will not stop at way sta
Nos. 42, and 43 will stop at all stations.
No. 40 will stop at Kingstree, Lanes and
*Centra1R. R.of S. C.
Leave Charleston, 72
Leave Lanes, * .b
Leave Sumter, 1.3A
Arrive Columbia, 1.0A
I,~eve Chtnba,7.27 P. M
Leave Smter,8.46 P. 31
Leave Molnniag, 5.27 P. M
Leave Lane's, 7.45 P. M
Arrive Charleston, Ui.05 P. 31
Nos. 52 and 53 will stop at Lane's, Fores
ton and Manning.
J. F. DIVINE, Genl Supt.
.T. M1. EMIERSON, Gen'l Paess. Agt.
WLMINGTON, COLUMBIA AND AU.
GENnt PA5sENGEn DEPARTMENT.
April 21, 1886.
rp LE FOLLOWING SCHEDULE will bs
J.operated on and after this date:
No. -i8, DAutr.
Lea-e Wilmington.............8.15 p a
Leave Lake Waccamaw........ .!L40 p n:
Leave Marion...............--1136 p m'
Arrive at Florence............1225 P a
Arrive at Sumter............... 'L24 a a
Arrive at Colunmbia.. ... ... . ....( .40 anm
GOING SO UT H-No. 40, DAutv.
Leave Wilmington.............1(.10 p~ m
Leave Lake Waccamawv.........11.15 p a
Arrive at Florence.............1.20 a a
No. 43. DAuI.r.
LeaveFlorence.................. 4.30 p n
Leave Marion................. 5.14 p ii
Leave LaLke Waccaimaw.........7.03 p m
Arrive at Wilmington...... ...... 8.30 p a
GOING NORlTII-No. 47, DA...
Leave Columbia.............. P.5 p
Arrive at Sumter.. ...... .......11.55 a mL
Leave Florence....... .......... 4.21 a a
Leave Marion................. 5.9 a m
Leave Lake War~camaw........7.00 a a
Arrive at Wilmington..... .....8.2) a m
Nos. 48 and 47 stops at all sttons eceupt
Register. Ebenezer, Cane Savannah, Water
Pas.-n:.wrs for Columbia and all loint
On C. & G. It. 1t., C. C'. & AX. R. R. statins
Aiken Junc-tio, and alil points be-yond
shold tek.. No. 4). 1Pulhuian Sleeper for
Auasta on this train.
J. F. 1\' INE. Gienerai supt.
J. Ri. kENLYv. Sup t. 'rrans
T. 31. EM1EltSUN, Gen. Pass. Agt.
Wuilber-n & Pieper'
I AND PEAL.ERS IN
-Dsvis.ne Liquos Tohnr-r-, Etc
NU S ER
S pR SP RIN G!!'N
The Sprinig. the beautilul Spring, has conle
with its glad(ening sunshine an( with it, the
cheap ad Elegant Spring Stock of Goods,
]low in Store I)
to ai(d in making peoJ)le happy. Every effort has
beel put fiorth by Ine. to secure for inv customers.'
Ithe BEST AND CHEllAES' GOODS FOR THE LEAs
Good Low and of the Best Quality.
Clerks plentiful and ready to Demonstrate what
[ here assert. that. nowhere can you get the LAT
p.:sT LEAnrNC Nov:rENs in the Dry Goods line, so
low: aind in Groceries I defy all competition!
I-ome. see. Ind be Convinced
OLD VELVET RYE
%TATW H I S K E Y ,a
Eight Years OlC.
Guaranteed Pure and Wholesome For Medicinal or Othcr Uses.
FOR SALE ONLY BY
Stono Phosphate Company,
CX..B T L-imsTTc , S. C.
MANUFACTURE Soluble Guano, (HIGHLY A3IMONIATED.)
Acid Phosphate, Dissolved Bone, Ash Element, Floats.
Keep always on hand for sale Geiuine German
Kainitf, (Potash at,
Imported direct from Gernmany, for the Company.
A high grade of Dried Blood, Ground Fish Scrap, South Carolina Marl,
Cotton Seed Meal. FOR SALE BY
M. I.ae-vi, MANNING, S. C.
F. J. P.LtzF., President. F. S. RoDuEs, Treasurer.
ATLANTIC PHOSPHATE COMPANY,
CIARLESTON-1, $. C.
Manufacturers of Slandard Fertilizers amnd hnporleters of PURE G ERMAN
KAINIT. PELZER RODGERS & Co., Gen. Agents
Jan. 13. Brown's 17iarf CIL BLESTON, S C.
TRUMBO, HINSON & COMANY,
Factors and Commission Merchants, Cotton and Naval
BROWN'S WHARF '
JAN, 13. - CHARLESTON S. 0.
ATTORN~EY AT LAW,CARNTTOAS&O,
M a n nin g, S. C. 21Kn t
grNotary Public with seal.CEREONS..
J S PINKUSSOHN & BROS pae ae
Allegro Cigar Factory, .SeilztniopadoWtc
also dealers in FINE LIQUoRS.
47 Hayne St., Charleston, S. C. rpmg a 3
and 1059 & 1061 Third Av. N. Y. M~hn ae o
Mantoue & Co. OBESO
Manufacturers of Cigars, Importers DrGodNtnsClhig
and wholesale decalers in Liquors,No.2628an23MetgS.
155 East Bay, Charleston, S. C.CALEOS..
Cigar Factory, N. Y.D.H AR
[ORDER Your seed Potatoes, Bananas, losaeDgitN.13&13
.J orange'. Cocoa nuts, Apples and' eean tet hretn .U
nuts, full stock of Fruit always on hand.DelriDrgMdcnsFoei
HENRT BAYER n oetcCeias lswr
217 East Daiy, pcs rseEsnilOlSr
Charleston, S C gclIsrmns efnev ac
S, A. NELSON & Co.anal rilsualyfndn
wholsaie dealers in Fis-ls-rgHue rcsli
BOOTS and SHOES, Qikslsadsalpois
No. 31 Hayne St., G~I
Goods direct from the 3Louufacturers.C nta
We gnarantee to sell ats low in prce as any ~ OIEI.
COL HBARIE, S. C.
GeogeW SWathesCII FJewer, le anP vr
& 19~ East Bahnaratetsn, So.
~ Agent frr toedClatNntionssClothit-,
COALMBIA. S. C.
MRS. A. EWARDS Po r. PHotoBAR,
.Maiinii~~, cDaler icturus, MoiedicindenlaFredg.
ConecionaynJ Domesti Cheaus, G&asswar
Freh Fuit, egeabls, ut, &., ~'Stieam Baruses Esnd tad tO ,Sr
han adndriinadallCarLE usall fon inC
First-classe arug N oice!rceo
lfl.Cllt 15 ~ QIc dsres and mall tot prteniofthe i
G and Ctt'aPisoCrend.ta
omet u e inthe nion Ja n~~y 13 JLescre u gnyt~ hsCu
Aion tt ad Comsso ar e chat and i r1V'r a eoinedi steb
antLUoR DEALER. . I W. inAs. Au'ifRecalinarc
ph- AgentoforetheiClaytn &eRusselrfit- giver .
th h and L '~:da' ~~~> .'d the elebrated' road eart.n
I10 .N SOTR,
(ot~i~ l~Y ra'hCOLUMBIA. ~ S. C.
I ann fin, and pat., furitrs oidad nagd
htandr and arivcninu ancy. me W CHARLESTON, Ac.v C. ite
hement ist Rprsnti
Copetae~a w ith bra n opst or rqieiloaiY od hr eLr
housEADSE NDc 17 CON-:~s. 2Th~.~'
IMPORTER AND DEALER IN
Foreign and Domestic Fruit,
Apples, Oranges, Bananas, Cocoa
nuts, Lemons, Pineapples, Potatoes,
Onions, Peanuts, Cabbages &c.
S. E. Corner Meeting & Market Sts.
Charleston, S. C.
D. BENTSCHNER & CO.
Furnishing Goods and Hats
FUI ME, YOUTHrS ANDBYS,
230 King Streel,
CJFARLESTON, $. C.
Having made arrangements ,with
the best distilleries, I am now pre
pared to furnish my customers with
Purest Distilled Liquors
My stock is now complete with the
choicest brands of
I have in stock a magnificent line
of Cigars and Tobacco in which
I defy competition.
99-1Liprs for Xedicinaal pur
po-se.s a pwly.
I also take pleasure in introducing
the Kurnitz kie's celebrated Wire
Grass Bitters; also the 'Carolina
Ginger Tonic. These Bitters and
Tonics are noted for their medicinal
My Pool and Billiard tables
A 'n NNv Nr FIsr-cLuss.
Thanking the public for past pat
ronage and soliciting a continuance
of same, I remain,
S. WOLKOVISKT17 AGT.
CAVEATS, TRAE MARKS AND COPYRIGHTS
Obtained, and all cther business in the U.
S. Patent Of2ce attemded to for 311ODER
A TE FEE5.
Send MOREL OR DRA WIXG. We ad
vise as topatenability free of charge;. and
-we make YO (7HJAR(E USLESS WE (LB
TA TU PATEXT.
We refer here to the Postmasber,.the Supt
of Money Order Div., and to officials of the
U. S. Patent Office. For circular, advice,.
terms and refeirenc-es -to actual clients in,
your own State or County, write to
C. A. SNOW & CO.,
Opposite Patent Office, Washington,D:. C',.
C. Bart & Co.
IMLPORT7ERS Aun WHOLESALE.
77, 79 & 81 Market St.
CHEA R LES T ON, S. C.
The PO-LICE GAZETTE will be mailied,.
secure~y wrapped, to any address in thie
United States for three months on receipt of
Liberaml discount allowed to postmasters,.
agents and elubs. Sample copies mailed!
free. Address all orders to
RICHARD K. FOX,
F.ors~ SQUR~E, N Y,
CHARLESTON, S. C.
~First Class in all its Appointments.
RATES, 51.50, S2.00 AND $2.50
Excellent Caisine, Large Airy rooms.
JOS. PRICE, Proprietor.
p'-Hotel Centrally Located.
~. POSITiVELY BURNS
rond, which, if Put nt
S supand. set fire: -
ROOTS AND ALL.
Send 1.00for enough
The mst ppul r W eekl nesarudvot
t~oseence mec au~s~ategd crclr, c.
otin -n paet overpbls Warnted.
ber ilust rated ith splendi engravings. Ti
puiction fnrihesa most valubeyled.
The popularity of the SCIENTIFIC AafFBICLa 3
such that its circulation earl equas athat o l
ther Pten clas cabned. Phave. prepa
eAr signentcus. Sod all eseaperS o
* ealso hadnThlre
hrou t n . Eightne a
hedds Pan Ofce.. hveo prared
tma a carintoreOk.O~l
Cavat. ATade-arsO. Cp-ih
Caritates, aa Bug glad, ancess
.ul vn wout nn aet he