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The Manning times. (Manning, Clarendon County, S.C.) 1884-current, July 07, 1886, Image 1

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VOL. i. MAnNING. CLAI)( COUNTY n S. C., WEI)N ESDIAY J UNE :30.N
A "MAGNEII 6ilL 1'ALNs.
C1 RIOUS CONFE-"lONS OF 41E' E'
THAT Pt'ZZLED THE Pr5fESo
Hon a Muscular lonna Wwnan DiWt Je
Lulu Hurst's secret and Turn" it to Ads.aut
a;e--Slinple Explanation or .A1.Maren1I Mar
velous Feats.
(From the New York Werd.'
I ran across a young woman o.n tie
street not long since, a girl whose face
had become familiar to many o'C
some months ago on the stages of pro
vincial theatres, very shortly after Lulu
Hurst, "The Georgia Wouder, had
created a sensation a Wallack's. She had
gained considerable notoriety, I remem
bered, as one of many "magnetic" girls.
The fact also intruded itself that she had
been introduced to audiences as a rude,
untutored specimen of the backwoods,
perfectly guileless, with little education,
and remarkable only for the fact that
Providence (so the truthful manager put
it) had gifted her with a peculiar and
marvelous force which enabled her to
accomplish most extraordinary things
never before seen or heard of. As she
tripped along in front of me I saw that
she was still a large, well-built specimen
of humanity, broad shouldered, and with
excellently' developed muscles, whieb
might readily deter many a strong man
from arousing her anger. Untutored
girls from the backwoods, you know,
very frequently strike from the shoulder
;and hit hard.' One thing puzzled me.
She carried an enormous sunshade of the
latest style. This seemed wonderful
when I recollected that one of the most
peculiar characteristics pertaining to this
simple maiden, in the days of her neto
rietv, was the fact that she could not
hold an umbrella or parasol over hei
head for three consecutive minutes with
out its sudenly flying to pieces. I re
membered abio that no man could main
tain in an upright position an open um
brella against which she laid the palm o.
of her white but large hand. And vel
here she was manipulating a sunshadt
with all the ease and grace of a Fiftl
avenue belle, without any apparently
serious consequences. I followed her
patiently for several locLs, momentarily
expecting to see the daint crimson
pachute fly violently from her hands.
Nothiig of the sort occurred, however,
and then I concluded that she was prob
aby no longer "magnetic," or that he]
magnetism could be summoned and dis
missed at will; that she discarded it dur
ing Broadway promenades and called it
forth again when the curtain rolled up
on- a full house. Beset by curiosity, I
sauntered after the child of the back
woods untl I saw her turn a corner int
a side streeL A few monre steps and she
entered a well-known cakvansary. It
required but a moment to find her name
on the register of the house. This ac
complished I sent up my card, and was
received at once. The young wonan
had discarded the sunshale, which lay
unharmed upon a sofa, and met me witli
a confidence and self-possession qite ai
variance with the manners assumed oz
the occasion of her initial enteArt on thE
stage as a "wonder." After some pre
liminary skirmishing of a polite nature,
relative to her health and other kindred
topics, I asked her if E-,e had visited Net
i>rk for the purpse of appearin pro
jfe"donally. Wi a reminiscent ugh,
,balfeshackle and half giggle, she replied
"Oh, 4esr, no! I don't do that sort o:
thing any more."
uWy ot?" I queried. "Has the
mageti inluece omaenyou?"
Again she gave way to remmnisceni
risgh1ities, and murmured some unintel
ligible words which sounded like "Hoy
AXr you interviewing me?" she asked
after her mirth ha4 sibsided. "If so I
bave no objection t'o the ordeal, and 3
assure you candidly that yoiu-wili be thE
first newspaper man who will hav~e suc
eceded in making me talk freely."
"In the first place," she continued,
"let me mention an important poini
which everybody who came to witness
my performances totally overlooked.]
jiever professed to be either magnetc o:
mesmeric. Other people advanced thi
theory, not I. I did contend that .L ws
able to accomplish some seemmngly ex
traordiary feats, and I accomplishec
them. There the matter ended. Wher
I was engaged by managers who has
witnessed my representations they dic
niot inquire as to whether I was the pos
sessor of any peculiar or unknown force
they simply niade contracts with me un
der certain conditions, namely, that ]
was to give so many performances for s<
much money, and I gave them. If .peo
ple chose to write me up as mesmeric og
magnetic that was their affair, not mine.
"Then you did not accomplish vou:
feats through the aid of any unknowi
force?"
The charmingly naive child of natur'
giggled again as she answered, in a ver'
non-enmittal way: "We won't discus:
that point.' butlI will tell you what.
will do. With' ten minutes' instruction:
I will enabia yiou to perform, withou
the aid of either mesmerism or magnet
ism, any feat which von sver saw m<
attempt. Do you remember the con
test? A man takes the article and hold
it before him at arms' kngth with a han<
tightly grippjing each end of it, and en
leavors to stand still after I have place<
my hand gently upon it. Let us try ii
Take ihe stick."
I did so, bracing myself ais rigidly a
an iron bar. The young woman lai~l th<
palm of one white hand lightly upon th
rod, and after a moment I felt myse]
swaying to and fro. Then I was jerke
violently forward, thrown backward an<
yanked promiscuously about the apart
ment until I was entirely out of breat]
and began to feel very red in the face
I sat down pnffin anad panting, whtil
myfair hostess giggledlgleefully. Th
thg was asgreat a mystery to me a
ever, and I confessed the fact as soon ai
I had recovered suflicient breath to em
press myself in 'words.
"It is very simple," laughed m;
friend. 'MI may have accomplished it b;
means of magnetism, but I will sho'
you how to do it without. 'Take th1
cae and brace yolurself againt. You se
you are in a nerfectly rigid positioa
with every muscle strained to its utmo:
tension. Consequently the slighte:
- -~s~r from me noon the stick, whet]
er that pressure be magnetic or not, is
bound to throw you off your eq.uilibrium.
Now I place my open palh upon the
article, and I need only use the slightest
pressure to move you. Do you see? To
demoustrate how simple the thing is h-t
me give you an additional point. When
you feeil that the pressure is about to
sway vou, relax your miuscles. When
the pressure propels you backward let
'vou arns give in the direction of the
io Cvement. When the pressure is for
waird avail yourself of the same precan
tion. In other words, instead of bracing
yourself firmly, remain perfectly limp.
amd then I think it will require a super
natural force to move yoi.
Ag-'ain we essayed t&L 1at, I closely
following the young woman's instruc
tions. fhis time victory was on ny
side, and I stood abashed at the simple
explanation of a feat which some time
ago'had seemed sufficiently extraordina
rv to call forth letters of inquiry from
some of the most scientific minds in
America. "Let me show you some
thin," said my fair entertainer, taking
a batch of letters from an open trunk
and selecting one inelosed in a blue en
velope. "Here is a letter from an Ox
ford professor who happened to witness
one of my performances. If you will
glance over it you will see that he was
particularly stru:k with the cane test,
which he considered marvellous. He
asked about the date of my birth, my
general health and wished to learn
whether any of my ancestors, so far as
known, possessed any of my peculiar
characteristics. He also requested, as a
particular favor, that I would give a
private seance for the benefit of himself
and several well-known scientists. The
performance was not given. Now, that
man, like thousands of others, learned
as he was, instead of trying to elucidate
my feats through the medium of natural
agencies, dipped into abstruse science
and got lost, for of course there was
nothing abstruse in the means I used."
"In regard to some of your other
feats, may I ask how it is possible to
hold a chair raised a few feet in the air
so the united efforts of half a dozen men
cannot force it to the ground?"
"It can be done very easily," was the
rerly, "if you pose. a cfrtain amount
of physical strength, and it is imuch nmore
difficult to control a chair held by one
strong individual than it would be if it
were held by six. I will make it clear to
you. We wiU suppose you to be the
'performer. You are a man of strength
and will and you are determined to sur
ceed before your audience. Failure
means nuin to you so far as financial sue
cess is coneerned. Threfore you forget
your audience and everything else but
the end in view. You take possession of
the chair with a resolution not to be
shaken by surrounding circumstances.
The six m'en, on the contrary, are think
ing principally of the derision likely to
follow an exhibition of muscular superi
oritv. There being half a dozen of my
opp.!lents, not one of them could secure
anything likea L firm hold on the disputed
article, and each onz, as a rule, tugged
in an opposite directioi to his neaighbor.
On does not try to hold the chair up.
Simply by pushing it with all my
strength I forte it agaimst miy foes and
shove them from one adie of the stage
to the other. The derision of the .andi
ence quickly relaxe% their muscles, while
I never for an instant lose my self-con
trol. While I keel) on pushing persist
ently, my opponents grow more unsteady
on tir Iimbs, and finally, wearied out,
they rire ini 1sst."
'Can you te ia 'a i-, by simply
placing your open palms agains the
sides of a chair, you can lift it when it is
ocnpicd by a man weighing 200 p~ounds
and overr?:
"Some person zoui amosnolish it
readily," was the answer, "idpadby er
tain favorable conditions. Most nien in
sitting down throw themselves back in
such a way that the front legs of the
chair are nearly all the time clear of the
round. Almost the entire weight falls
on the hind reg.. JBy 'rossing the open
palms closely tothe siAes of a 4lyr such
as is generaly used in the performnancesl
you cannot help 'gripping' to a certain
extent. If you possess a goodly allow
ance ,of rtrength this grip will enable you
to raise tihe ,imir a few inches from the
round. Of cones~ i is only a few
nches, and you drop it agrin rather
suddenlh, but the audience hiears the
Slegs strive the floor and you are victori
ous.Se?
"Well, haowbt the story that you
could not possibly 'carry a mised umbrel
la for more than three consecutive mo
ments without its flying to pieces," I in
~quireci, eveing i1nwhile the discarded
and unharmed parasol repodpg by the
oung woman's side.
"Oh," she replied, displaying embar
rassment for the first time, "I was order
ed not to carry a parasol in tly~ streets
and I simply obeyed instructions. It
was unpleasant, of course, to walk about
unprotected from the sun, but by that
little sacrifice of personal comlort in
summer I was ,eabled to enjoy a fine
sealskin sacque in winter."
"How did you first discover your abili
t to perform these feats?"
"I first discovered it." was the guile
less rejoinder, "by going two or three
ties to Walbmek's Theatre and carefully
watching Lulu Hurst's exhibition. Th~e
spectators really furnished the greater
part of the performance. It was really
-amusing to notice how the audience used
to watch my every move and construe it
into something mysterious. To illus
trate-I had .nd still have a habit of
Ipassing my hand i,efo,e my eyes and
also of running it through' my bangs.
Well, a young man would trip upon the
stage to try +he cane test. He would
brace himself rigialyr, grip the stick and
look me square in the faice, determina
tion p)ersonfied. The audience were on
Ithe alert, and he knew it. I would
quickly raise my hand from the stick
and pass it before my eyes. Half the
-spectators would immediately whisper
audibly, 'She-s mcsynerizing him.' Then~
the young man began to grow nervous
Sandobtful. After a moment my hand
would again ulyconsciously forsake the
stick and run through my bangs. Anoth
er audible whisper, 'She's got electricity
-in her hair.' By this time my would-bc
conqueror was I alf beaten, and to finish
Shim was comp)aratively easy."
"You have fully decided, then, not to
.give any more exhib itions?"
e 'Yes; magnetic girls are at a discount.
,They were valuable, though, while the
it furor lasted. You see they- were some
tt thing novel, and that is wha Americans
. jlk. armnum demonstrated the fact
long ago.'
"What do voa -hink of Luln Hurst?"
"Preciselvi hat she thinks of me.
"And that is-?"
"A.k her." ARTHUit ADAMS.
ikewi ie the E umutonieat 1:0:: Feimiine
NAAE
More women have been named Mary
than any other name which has blessed
or cursel the feminine sex. It stands as
the typical name for the holiest and most
abject of women-for the virgin and the
wanton. And in every language of Asia
and Europe, as well as that of Egypt,
this name appears almost without varia
tion. It has been an equal favorite with
the aristocrats of France and the piitans
of New England, and it equally becomes
literature or kitchen. It is stately when
we speak of Lady Mary Worthy Mon
tagie; it is simplicity itself when we re
fer to Mary O'Brien, who brings in our
breakfast rolis. At one time it may bring
up a picture of a divine painted face,
hanging in the rich gloom of an Italian
gallery, and at another of a red-clieeked
dairyinaid, with her bare feet in the
daisied grass. Two of Enghnd's five
queens have borne it, and the most
memorable woman that Scotland ever
produced has made. it immortal. The
proudest women of France have dignified
it, and the worst women of Russia have
disgraced it. Thoro ar'e as many Marys
smiling at the circling suas that make
the brief summer by the northern sea as
loll through the luxurious days by the
Mediterranean. The name that the
Catholie missionaries gave to the first
converted Indian niaidean was Mary, and
)erhaps the first daughter of every fami
v for all tinge will stand in imminent
<ianger of bearing that name, for it is the
first to be considered in naming girl
babies, and when rejected is always
thought of with lingering tenderness.
How many lovers have loved it; How
they have associated it with purity and
gentleness, with womanliness and caudor
and trust! What a fateful name it is!
Its bearer seems predestined to sorrow,
yet it is gladsome. too. "My mother's
name was Mary." What a pleasant thing
to say! "My little daughter, Mary."
Could anything be prettier? "My sister
Mary, who is dead." What a wealth of
tender .suggestions! "'Mary, my wife."
What picture of hoie omfort!-Chicago
News.
Forei::ners P'o-ess the North.
The Know-Nothing movement of thir
ty years ago would be impossible of
repetition now, except by foreign-born
citizens and their children. SOILe of the
States of the northwest contain a large
foreign-born majority, and many regions
in the older States contain a majority of
citizens only one generation removed
from foreign soil, Even in the New
England States the tough and stubborn
Tankee element which gave that region
all its historical character, religion, liter
ature and polity, is fast yielding to a
mixture of peoples as diverse as those
whom the King of Assyria planted in
Sa~ariia. The Southern half of the
Unio iione hbs egnped this change.
The negroes, in repelling f6reign immi
gration from that region, have protected
it from the transformation wrought else
where, and preserved it to themselves
and~ the despendants of the original
colonists. The French still pnssess Lou
isiana; the Huguenot element is still to
be traced in South Carolina, and the
Scotch-Irish settlers in North Carolina;
but the mass of the whites in the South
em States are of English descent, and
pec.ea the same aspects they did fifty
years ago. Tiwcy hac~ s'wveral million
negroes with them, it is true, and their
presence offers a very difficult social
problem for the future. But there is no
intermixture; the whites live on one side
of a receliie, gn the blacks on the oth
er, as they did in' the~ dy of ,very, and
when the p)eople of the Soth are spoken
of reference is had to the pure, unmixed
descendants of the original colonists.
St. Louis Republican.
The- Man Who Lanughs'.
The man whose na-nM rea,cs from
one end of the street to the other miay
be the same fellow who scolded his wife
and spanked the baby before he got his
breakfast, but his laughter is only the
crackle of thorns under the pot. The
man who ;p:'eads his laughter through
his life, befdin a late breaJtfgst, when he
misses the train, when his wife goces visit
ing and he has to eat a cold supper, the
man who can laugh when he finds a but
ton off his shirt, when the furnace fire
goes out in the nigin and both of the
twins take down with measles at the same
time, he's the fellow that's needed. He
never tells his neighbor to have faith;
somehow he puts faith into him. He
delivers no homilies: the sight of his
beaming face, the ~sounJ of his happy
voice aind the sight of his blessed daily
life carry conviction that words have no
power to give. The blues flee before
him as the fog before the west wind; he
comes into his own home like a flood of
sunshine over a meadow of blooming
buttercups, and his wife and children
blossom in his presence like June roses.
His home is redolent with syrmpathy and
'love. The neighborhood is better for
his life and somebody will learn of him
that laughter is better than tears. The
world needs this man; why are there so
few of him? Can he be created? Can
he be evohcd? Why is he not in every
house, turning rain into stunshine and win
ter into summer all the year round, until
life is a perpetual season of joy?-Lcwis
tn (Me.) Journal.
Thec Madinae Fraud.
Last year the imports to the United
States of genuine sardines from the Med
iteranan amounted in value to 8599, -
19, on which duties amounting to 8170,
130 were paid by consumers. In order
'to check this trade 4nd atford more pro
tection to the canning of herrings for
sardines, Captain Boutelle, of Maine, has
introduced a bill to raise the duty on
foreign sardines to 45 per~ cent. By this
method the distinguished legislator from
Maine hopes that better market would
be afforded for the coarse little fish that
are canned in Portland and preserved in
oleomargarine or cotton seed oil and
then fraudulently passed off under coun
terfeit French labels as genuine sardines
of the Mediterranean. Instead of in
reasing the duties on sardines they
ought to be repealed, and the menn
Portland who derive a profitable tradt
by canning herring and selling thenm fom
French sardines ought to -be punishet
for frand-Philadelphia Record.
.A EW TRIP TO THE POL.
Another Bold Explrer Gone to the Arctic
Re;:ions-.5an;:::frwExl~rctaltiontwof -I2eeC.
(Xew York Mail and Expr'& )
Col. W. H. Gilder has just sailed froi
New Bedford, on his novel journey to
the Arctic regions, to settle. if possible
and he believes it is possible-the
geographical problem of what there is at
the northern axis of the earth. This ex
pedition. Mr. Gilder undertakes in almost
the same manner that Stanley undertook
his great equatorial journey across Afri
ca, which ended in 1878 by his discovery
of the sources of the Nile, the sources of
the Congo, and his descent of that great
African stream to its debouchment in
the Atlantic Ocean. Col. Gilder's walk
across Siberia, his sledge journey with
Schwatka from North Hudson's Bay to
King William's Land and return, includ
ing a summer search over King Wil
liam's Land, is the longest on record,
covering a distance of 3,250 miles in
eleven months and twenty days. During
'the journey the travelers were reuired
to live of the country through which
they passed, as they only took with them
one month's supplies. It was thus
roughing it over the wearving wastes of
that great land of desolation within the
Arctic Circle that taught Gilder the true
method of locomotion towards the Pole,
precisely as Stanley's intelligent appre
ciation of the equatorial difficulties en
abled him to go on a well-defined cam
paign against the climate, the topogra
phy and the inhabitants of Central
Africa.
"Mv intention," said Col. Gilder, at
the Victoria Hotel, where he was sur
rounded by a party of travelers and
kindred spirits, among whom were Lieut.
Schwatka, Oscar Sawyer and Mr. V. R.
Griffith, who is to accompany him on his
Polar journey, and who has made pedes
tripn tours of Germany and Northern
Africa, and is altogether, by scientific
training, physique, ambition and tem
I perament, fitted for the dangerous un
dertaking, "is to leave New Bedford ear
ly in June on one of the two whalers
which will leave for Hudson's Bay. I
will be accompanied by Mr. Griffith
alone, who is a graduate of Cornell Uni
versity, and who will go along as an
assistant observer; and," added the
Colonel, with a grim smile, "to look
after results if anything should happen
to me. I shall have al of the best in
struments that can 'be obtainea, and
many of this kind and quality have
already been contributed; but it'should
be understood that the main object of
this expedition, atter I reach my base of
operations, will be to push on' towards
the Pole and reach it if possible. This
is the one aim and object of this attempt
-my third one-within the Arctic cir
cle. But whatever I can do in the Irter
I est of science, in laying down coast lines
and plotting topographical features by
observation or otherwise, will not be
neglected. My set purpose, remember,
is to pusli always northward, and if I
stand at the very axis of the earth, no
more is to be said-that will be my high
water mark."
"And how long will this little picuie
glace take you"
"I expect to return in 1890, or after
an abe ence of abont four years. My4
New Bedford whaler will take me up to
the Cary Islands in Baffin's Bay, between
the 76th and 77th degrees north latitudo.
and thence to C4pe Sabine in 78 degrees
45 minutes, where Greely and his party
were rescued. I will go by some Scotch
whaler, which I expect to find in those
latitudes in Smith's Sound, and which
will carr- me as much further north as
we can tind open water. But at any rate,
there is plensy of anial food in the
vicinity of Baird Inikt, just to south
ward of Cape Sabine; and if necessary,
instead of making a coast journey on the
western side of Smith's Sound and Kane
Basirn, I can pass inlaind and reach Fort
Conger inlatitude 60 aegrees 45 minutes
north, where ther'e are plenty- of supp)lies
left by Lient. Greely and which will be
ample for the very polar object I have in
view."
"How long will it take you to reach
this poirg?*
"About a year; and there I shall win
ter. Then 1 shall push my way to a
northeasterly direction and seek to make
my point of departure at the spot where
Lieut. Lockwood was forced to turn
backward at latitude 8'3 degrees 24
minutes, or within 3963 miles of the North
Pole."
"What, then, are the favorable condi
tions for reaching the Pole?"
"I think I am not wrong in assuming
that if I reach that >oint attained by
Lieut. Lockwood, with adequate sup
plies for man and beast. the vexed
problem of the Polar sea will be forever
settled; if my best judgment and experi
ence did not teach me this, I would not
be so romantic as to undertake to leaive
the huiu'ies of this zone. When Lock
wood was obliged to turn southward
from that spot, less than 400 miles from
the Pole, he could travel from seven
teen to twenty miles a day over clear
ice, whereas before he was limited to ten
miles a day, owing to the condition of
the superfice. His supplies would not
hold out and his orders were to return.
This was in the month of May."
"So you are confident of reaching the
Pole if you begin where Lockwood left
off?"
"Yes. It will reqiuire less than thirty
days' more travel, and I shall make ever
endeavor subsidiary to this one etrort,
for therein lies the mystery of the cir
cumpolar world."
"How numerous a party will you take
with you from the northermost coast of
Greenland yet reached by man?"
"I shall have three young hunters and
their families, and I shall get them from
the country about Hudson Bay and
Cumberlandl Inlet. You may add, too,
that I shall in uo way be embari'assed
for funds or suplies. While my friends
and those interested in polar discovei'y
have sent me mnyn vahmble arms and
instruments, and w hile such are always
welcome, I hav~e no misgivings about be
ing adeqatelv provided.
Col. Gilder is a inan of stocky physique.
aiiable disposition, self-conildent with
out egotism, and self-poised without anyv
of the I-am-lhe about him. His consti
tution has stood every shock that can
visit a journalist, explorer and man-of
the-world, and his temiperanment every
onslaugh t that makes dysp~epties of somec
and tedious narrators of others. H-e
oes about his present undertaking with'
out excitement or solicitude, just as if it
n-rea e very day affair.
CONFEDERATE GENR.LS.
What They are Doin;: and Where They are
Located.
The recent meeting of ex-Confederate
generils at Moigomery, Ala., leads a
Washingiqiton correspondent of the Louis
Ville Post to look up the present where
abouts and ocenipations of some of the
principal survivors among the leaders of
the Confederacy. Of the six full generals
appointed by the Confederate Congress,
only two survive-Joseph E. Johnston,
now United States commissioner of rail
roads, and G. T. Beauregard, adjutant
general of Louisiana and manager of ihe
Louisiana lotterv drawings.
Of the twenty lieutenant-generals ap
pointed to the provisional army, several
are living. E. Kirby Smith is professor of
mathematics in tie University of the
South, in Tennessee.
James Longstreet is keeping a hotel
down in Georgia. D. H. Hill, of North
Carolina, was, till recently, president of
the Agricultural School of the State of
Arkansas, and now earns a living chiefly
as a magazine writer.
Stephen B. Lee is a fanner, and presi
dent of the State Agricultural College of
Mississippi.
Jubal A. Early practices law at Lynch
burg.
Of the major-generals, A. P. Stewart
is now president of the University of
Mississippi at Oxford.
Joseph Wheeler is in Congress, is very!
wealthy, and one of the largest planters
in Alabama.
John B. Gordon is a millionaire rail
road man.
General Loring, of Florida, was en
gineer in Egypt until a few years ago,
when ie came to New York to work at
the same profession.
B. F. Cheatham was recently appoint
ed postmaster at Nashville, Tem.
Sam Jones, of Virginia, is in the judge
advocate general's office.
Lafayette McLaws is postmaster at
Savannah, Ga.
S. B. Buckner lives in Louisville, Ky.,
where he owns a great deal of real estate.
S. B. French earns a scanty subsist
ence by engineering in Georgia.
C. L. Stevenson is in Frederickburg,
Va.
John H. Forney, brother of Congress
man Forney, is in an insane asylum at
Selma, Ala.
Abiney H. Maurayis Washington agent
of a New York life insurance company.
John G. Walker is also in the ins-ur
ance business.
Isaac R. Trimble is in retirement in
Baltimore on a fortune.
General Heath is employed by the
government on some Southern rivers.
Cadmus Wilcox is writing a history of
the Mexican war.
Fitzhugh Lee is governor of Virginia.
"Extra Billy" Smith practices law at
Warrenton, Va.
Charles W. Field, once a doorkeeper
of the House, is superintendent of the
Hot Springs reservation.
William B. Bate is governor of Ten-;
nessee.
W. H. F. Lee is a Fairfax county
farmer.
C. J. Polignac, who came over from
France to espouse the Confederate cause,
'is back in Paris busied with railroad
operations.
William Mahone is in the Senate as is
E. C. Walthal, of 'Mississippi.
John S. Marmaduke is governor of
Missonri.
Pierce 31. B. Young is United States
consul-general at St. Petersburg,
M. C. Butler is a Senator of the'
United States.
G. W. Curtis Lee is president of
Washington and Lee University at Lex
ington, Va.
Gen. Wade Hampton is in the United
States SEnate.
Only a few of the several hundred
bn-igadfier-generals cau be mentined.
West Adams is postmaster at Jackson,I
Mi1ss.
Frank Armstrong is nowi waiting tihe
Senate's confirmation to be Indian age.nt.
John C. Brown was twice governor of;
Tennessee. built the Texas Paicific rail
road for Jay Gould, and is the latter's
attorney for all his roads west of the
MIississippi, as well as receiver for the
Texas Pacific, with headquarters at Dal
las.
J. Ri. Chalners represented the "shoe
string" district, in MIississippi, in Con
ress, until he was left last fall by party
splits.
John B. Clark, of M1issouri, is clerk of
the United States House of Representa
tives.
F. 31. Cockrell and A. H. Colquitt are
United States Senators.
. . E. Coiston is in the surgeon-gener
al's office.
W. R. Cox, of North Carolina, is in
the House.
X. B. de Bray is commissioner in tihe
land office of Texas.
Basil Duke edits the Southern Bivouae
at Louisville, Ky.
J. T. MIorgan, of Alabama, and S. ID.
MIaxey, of Texas, are United States Sen
ators.
A. 31. Scales is governor of NorthI
Carolina.
C. 31. Shielly is third auditor or the
treasury.
E. L. Thomas is in the land oilice -of
the interior department.
R. 31. Vance is assistant commissioner
of patents.
The slaughter of Bird&.
The recently organized Audubon So
ciety for the protection of birds has col
lected sonme telling statistics concerning
the slaughter of the feath ered innocents.
One Broadway tirnm buys fromi 5110,00(0
to 1,000,0001 small Amtiean bir every
vear, obtaining~ them from every State
in the Union. Gulls terns. orioles.
crows, blackbirds, bobolink- ..nl.-,
larks, parows, e.tc., are gt atly in i
mand because they are cheap. Another
house has 5,000 sparrows in stock: aund
40,000 pairs of GermaLn maieis ma~de upl
a recent conigmemnt. A million 1obo
links are said to have been killed in one
month near Philadelp>hia, anAl one mil
lincry house h ad 2(0,U00 bird-skins oni
hand at one time. The killing of birds
in order to earn a few cents or dollars
has heconme a common practice on Long
Island and elsewhere.& One of the ob1
jects of the Audubon So ciety is to swiure
the enactment of laws in all the~ States
against the barbarous practice of umihng
beautiful and harmless birds pay tribute
with their lives to the demands of fash
in--Frank Leslie.
FREEM.ASONS AND KNIGHITS.
xiracts from the Canadinn Bishops' Patoral
Letter.
The collective pa.. ral letter of the
eleven Catholic Bishops of this pro
vineeias proved a disappointment to
many. It was believed that the Knights
of Labor would be rouldly denounced,
whereas the anathema has been reserved
for Freemasonry and the Knights are
only casually referred to. The following
are extracts from the letter:
"Freemasonry lies in the hands of half
a dozen unknown individuals with sinis
ter designs. A great Protestant states
man wrote in connection with the En
ropean revolutions: 'All these great
movements of oppressed nations, etc.,
are controlled by half a dozen individu
als, who give tleir orders to the secret
societies of ;ll Europe.' It must be ad
mitted that there exists in Freemasonry
a concealed Board of Directors, which
varies according to the times, place and
country.
"Besides these societies there are oth
er forbidden ones, which must be avoid
ed under penalty of grievous sin, and
among these must be remembered espe
cially those which impose on their mem
bers a secret which is to be made known
to no one, and an unreserved obedience
to hidden leaders. Such is, in particu
lair, the society known as the Knights of
Labor, which' the sacred Congregation
of Inquisition has declared must be
classed among societies condemned by
the Holy See. The cosmopolitan char
acter of secret societies, and that of the
Knights of Labor in particular, neces
sarily exposes many who belong to them
to obey the orders of a council sitting in
a foreign country, which at a given mo
ment may be opposed to interests and
even at war with the Government to
whom its members owe allegience. The
principal dangers of these societies are
found in the fact that the members are
bound to secrecy and become vile in
striunents in the hands of a few leaders
who may exact from them the most out
rageous and tyrannical acts as is shown
by numerous most deploraLu strikes."
The Bishops have, it will be seen, left
themselves free to change their front
should the Knights alter their constitu
tion so as to meet the wishes of the
church. The principal stipulation will
be that Knights shall sever their connec
tion with the order in the United States.
A meeting of the local branch is being
held to consider the matter, and should
they fail to come to an arrangement all
Catholics will be peremptorily ordered to
leave the society.-Montreal Dicpatch.
.Iiddle Seats in a Car.
A very common theme of conversation
among travelers is the question of wheth
er or not a car rides easier in the middle
than above the trucks. One of our rail
road contemporaries some time ago pub
lished an article on the subject, and took
the ground that there could be no differ
ence unless the sills and franming of a'car
vielded like the buckboard of a wagon.
There is certainly no yield to. car sills
and framing; yet every old traveler
avoids the seats, and especially the sleep
ing berths, above the trucks, and old
travelers generally know what they are
doing. if the party who insisted that
there could be no difference in the mo
tion in the different parts of the same
car had ever crossed the stormy ocean
in a moderately long steamer he might
have received sonic enlightenment, es
pecially if sea sickness urged him to find
the point of least motion. It is well
known that there is less motion amid
ships than there is at the stem or stern,
and less motion at the bottom of the
vessel than there is on deck. A car acts
in a similar way. Anything defective
about the track jerks th'e wheels, which
transmit the irregular motion to the
truck, and that in turn to the body of
the coach.
The movement among a few veteran
soldiers in this locality to create feeling
in respect to the proposed visit of Robert
E. Lee Post of ex-Confederates, of Rich
miond. Va.. to the New Hampshire re
union, at the Weirs this year, is unwise
and unpatriotic. Elsewhecre throughout
the country this mingling of the gray
and the blue has led to happy results,
and no New Hampshire Union veteran
can furnish any objection beyond a silly
egotism to the proposed visit of R. E.
Lee Post. If there is here and there
one who thinks that his honor is in dan
ger of being tarnished or his loyalty
tampered with, this is a good time for
him to take to the woods. When these
squeamish gentlemen get through with
this job, they might turn their attention
to fencing out the east wind or putting a
curtain in the sky to obscure the sun. If
New Hamp~shire fits thus poorly in the
Union of to-day that the tread of a hun
dred visitors from Virginia is liable to
displace it. it matters very little whether
it stays in or not. But before the mat
ter goes further we desire to remind
these over-sensitive sticklers that they
are far from constituting the State of
New Hampshire or representing her
veteran sohtliers.-31auchester Union,
liuor .imong Thices.
A haurglar was going through a house
ini a Dakota L .wn one night and discov
ered an exceptionally large roll of money.
Curious to know whether lie had broken
into an editor's house or that of some
other variety of capitalist, he turned to
the owner, who had just awakened, and
said:
"Excuse, me, Colonel, but I would like
to inquire how you came by such an un-'
usually large wad of wealth?"
"Si'~ replied tihe moneyed man, "I
am a nimber of the Territorial Legisla
'A thous~and pardons'" e'xclaimed the
polite' bu"'ar. dropping the money.
VShe We never steal from members
oft thle profeiCsi n. Good night. "-Estel
.\n Iiiusurr'e'""iu St raie.
The' s.tiking mania reached a colgred
prahrin a town in 3Iississippi the
other dav; and lhe ars before his con
gregation anid said - "Chill'en, I'ze been
tryin' hard to p~reach de gospel on .32 a
w-k, a 1 ze got discouraged. Y.ou has
c'tthel' got to raise the salary to 83, or
Cze win togo out an' skirmish fur
ho is anehickens 'long wid die res~' of
\' ' an' take my" chanees of' gwine to
lleaven." By, a'unianimous vote of the
conregtio~itwas decided to continue
the salary at s2 and let him skirmish.
,Wall Street News.
NEW BREIEDS OF SHEEP.
I am making two b recds of sheep.
One I call the "Farmers' Sheep," and it
is to be a mutton sheep, with thick
fleece, thicker than that on the English
breeds and better adapted to our change
ful and rigorous elioate. The truth is,
no one ever yet haported any of the
English breeds and kept them up to the
standlard of the imported stock. We
need an American breed adapted to our
climate and the modes of feeding and
care we give. This vill require a sheep
with a very compact body and a close
fleece; sheep with open wool are not
suited to our wants. I shall not aim to
get a good sized sheep with square body,
broad back and short legs and as meaty
as possible. Such a sheep will mature
young and the azths will do to slaugh
ter young; and they will make a good
weight. Legs and lank qvuarters do not
weigh much. I take pleasure in show
ing farmers my foundation sheep and
the line of breeding. This year a pure
bred Oxforddown ram is being used.
There is in reserve a dash of Merino to
make the fleece more compact. It takes
two years to fix types in breeding and to
establish uniform characteristics. So
the sooner we begin such work the bet
ter. Why should we not have breeds of
our own?
The other breed of sheep is "Mutton
Merino." The future must necessarily
find Merinos more plentiful than any
other breed, as in the past. This is on
account of their special adaptation to
mountain lands, dry plains and rough
and sterile plades where other sheep
would not exist. No others can endure
what Merinos will, or thrive in such
large flocks. But cannot Merinos be
made to fill more than one sphere of
usefulness, and thus become proportion
ately more desirable? Yes, and I wish I
had got this idea twenty-five years ago -
and had just so much time to develop it.
We must have a mutton Merino to give
a large fleece of fine wool, and with char
acteristics well established, to breed a
lamb which, with good keep, can be
made to dress thirty pounds or more at
four or five months' age, which is ten
pounds. ahead of- the present average.
Moreover, slowness for maturing must
be bred out. The average Merino, al
though the smallest sheep, is the longest
to get its full growth. I have my ideal
mutton Merino, and am now using a
ram which is perfection in some respects
(wool and form), but of course the na
ture for quick growth is lacking. This
must be coaxed into the blood by selec-.
tion, crossing, and good feeding. The
offspring must exceed the parents in size
and rapidity of growth. A real mutton
Merino would be the most valuable
sheep in America, because adapted to
such a wide extent of country and wants.
-F. D. Curtis in The New South.
The catiholie ('ardnals.
Several of the New York papers in
their articles on the cardinalate, make a
mistake in saying that Cardinal Gibbons
is a Cardinal Bishop. The distinguished
prelate of Baltimore is a cardinal priest,
just as was the late Cardinal McCloskey,
of New York, and will so rank in the sa
cred college. On the first of January
there were just sixty cardinals, the limit
being seventy; of the sixty cardinals
thirty-six were born and educated in
Italy. The number of those styled
cardinal bishops is limited to six,
and these dignitaries live in Rome. At
present five of the cardinal bishops are
Italians and one is an Englishman-Ed
ward, Cardinal Howard, archpriest of the
vatican Basilica. The officers of the
others are respectively dean of the sa
cred college, librarian, great penitentia
ry, prefect of the congregation of indul
gences, and Lord Chamberlain. The
actual archbishops of sees who are cardi
nals are always cardinal priests. Henry
Edward, Ca'rdinal Manning, is arch
bishop of Westminster and the primate
of the Catholic church in England. The
famous Simeoni, prefect of the propa
ganda, is a cardinal priest; so, also, is
Jacobini. secretary of State. After the
cardinal priests come the cardinal dea
cons, there being at present thirteen.
John 'Henry, Cardinal ~Newman, meta
physician, poet and preacher, one of the
most eminent men of Great Britain, al
though a priest in the clauch, is a cardi
nal deacon in the sacred college. Car
dinal McCloskey was the first prelate in
America to receive the cardinal's hat.
That was in 18753, when he was sixty-five
years old. At that time Dr. Gibbons
was bishop of Riclhnond. The second
prelate to receive the cardinal's title was
Bishop Gibbons, the first insignia having
been handed to him at his residence yes
terday. The third prelate in America
who receives the same dignity is Arch
bishop Tascherau, of Quebec. He was
chosen a cardinal at the same consistory
which conferred the honor upon Gib
bons. Some of the New York papers
have also made a mistake in stating that
Ireland has two cardinals. At the time
Archbishop McCabe was made a cardinal
he was the only wearer of the red hat in
Ireland, and he had borne the rank only
a short while when lie died, leaving no
Irish cardinal; but recentlv Dr. Patrick
Francis Moran, of Ireland, was sent to
Australia as archbishop of Sidney and
wa created a cardinal. iDr. Walsh, car
dinal McCabe's successor as archbishop
primate of Ireland. has not been men
tioned in connection with the cardinal
ate, so far as the pub lie has been ad
vised. -Richmond State.
Sec~ret, of thue .1poteer - (cerk.
There is one fiel in which, so it is
said, woman, lovely womn, will never
find employment. She canl never be an
apothecary's elerk, because she is not
able to keep a secret. A pharmacy is a
regular confessional, and into the ears of
the discreet attendant are poured weighty
secrets, w hich it woul never do to in
trust to the possession of the ga..king
gossippy female. In the regular course
of his business, the dispenser of pills
and powders knows all about people's
bodily afflictions and wveaknesses, and
becomes acquanted witlh little sins and
things of that kind which the interested
parties would not ave the worl to
know for any thin. Then, too, he learns
who paints, whto piowders, who cats
opium, who uses beliadonna to brighten
the eves, arsenic to whiten the skin, who
is obliged to us inse.ct powder at home,
and various things~ of that kind which
would be too gr'eat aL temlptationi for a
talkative womlan to give away.
A. S. icek, of Fa~drbiiks, Lexington,
cut a 15 pound eabbuge from his spring
pntch on the 20th.

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