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VOL. II.___ __ _ _ _ __ _ _ _
UNITED WVE STAND!
1IOen~AY OF SOUTH CAtOL'
S -fANCH AM) SOLID
e Recent State Convention -
Standard-Bearers for ti:e
r) Good Demrcrt.
nvention of the Democratic
South C . Avas held in the1
House, Colur commencing on
aesdv the 4th ._ = Gen. James F.
Izlar, Chairman of the State Executive
Committee, called the body to order.
CoL J. Q. Marshall, Secretary pro
tem., read the call of the Convention, as
issued by the Executive Comnmitte e, after
which General Izlar nominated Gen.
Johnson Hagood to be tefnporary Chair
man, and he was unanimously elected.
On taking the chair Gen. Hagood said
.that he was gratified by the honor con
ferred on him, and in view of the im
portant business which the Convention
had before it he would proceed at once
to the work of organizing the body.
The Scretary called the roll of coun
ties, and as each was called the creden
tials of the delegations were presented by
The roll of delegates was then called
for the purpose of seating the delegates.
After about one hour consumed in this
business the rollwasagain called and each
delegate answered, or, failing, was sub
stituted by an alternate. There were a
few delegates who failed to answer, but
after the roll was completed the entire
?,18 members had responded.
Governor Hagood announced a quo
rum and stated that the Convention
would proceed to elect permanent
Mr. Buist, of Charleston, moved that
Hon. Johnson Hagood be elected presi
dent by acclamation. Mr. Orr, of Green
vile, seconded the nomination. Mr. Buist
put the question to the Convention, and f
Gen. Hagood was nanimously elected.
On taking the chair he said:
"We are assembled here to-day as
Democrats. There is no man here whose
allegiance to the Democratic party is not
sincere and single. It is not that in likely
this 'off year' any questions will arise to
create dissensions among us. It is not
probable that any disturbing issues will
be raised to threaten the harmony of the
party. We must not forget that we are
'ikren of a common mother, and that
our proceedings should be marked by
calmness and patience. My individual
opinion regarding many questions is de
cided. I agree with some of you and
differ with others. I shall not attempt
to direct you, but will learn your will
and attempt to execute it. Again, gen
tlemen, permit me to thank you for the
honor you have conferred upon me and
to bespeak your kind assistance."
John S. terner, of Oconee, and John
A. Moroso, of Charleston, were elected
Mr. D. S. Henderson, of Aiken, moved
the subjoined resolutions, which were
slved, That the Democracy of
South Carolina, in Convention assem
bled, send greetings and congratulations -
to their fellow-Democrats of the U mon
upon the return of the National Demo
cratic party to the aiministration of the
affairs of the nation.
"Besolved, That we heartily endorse
the wise, patriotic and statesmanlike ad
ministration of President Cleveland and
Mr. Geo. W. Croft, of Aiken, moved
the following resolutions, which were
"Resnlved by the Democratic party of
South Carolina in Convention assemibled,
That we have heard with profound re
t of the.death of the Honi. Samuel J.
' -den, of New York-.
"Resolved, That this illustrious citizen
exemplified in his life the true patriot,
and devoted supporter of constitutional
lerty, and that by his death the nation
has lost one of her most eminent and
useful statesmen; that though by fraud
deprived of the office of President, wet
shall still cherish him in memory along
withJefferfon, Madison and Monroe, and
the other great statesmen that have held
that high position, and have by their
wisdom and love of hiberty broughat such
rich lustre to the institutions of our
The President then annoneed that
nominations were in order for seven
C. H. Simonton, of Charleston, was
noninated for the 1st District; G. W.
Croft, of Aiken, for the 2d; W. C. Benet,
of Abbeaille, for the 3d; D. R. Duncan,
of Spartanburg, for the 4th; W. R.
Davie, of Chester, for the 5th; J. G.
Blue, of Marion, for the 6th; Win. El
hiott, -~ Beaufort, for the 7th-all of
who were elected by acclamation.
Mr. Ansel, of Greenville, moved to'
adopt the rules of the House of Repre
sentatives of South Carolina for the gov
ernment of the Convention. Mr. Kelly,
of Barnwell, moved to substitute Cush
ing's Manual, but his motion was not
seconded- Mr. Ansel's motion was then
Mr. Hakell, of Richland, moved the
appointment of a committee of one from
each Congressional District who should
prepare a platform of the Democratic
party of South Carolina, and to whom
should also be referred all resolutions
submitted in the Convention, without
- CoL Hoyt, of Greenville, moved to
rnend by making the committee one
-each county, which, after some
tdiscussion, was accepted, and the
7tion, as amended, was passed.
e r the operation of this resolution
rof resolutions were -then pre
b.the Convention and referred. ]
-sient then called for the
iaegtsfrom each cou
brof the Co
hester, J. L. Glenn; Chesterfield, F. J.
Kennerdv: Clarendon, J. F. "Rhame;
IHeton, W. P. Murphy; Darlington,
V. . Bov: Edgefield, )3. R. Tillman;
iirfield, A. E. Davis; Georgetown, W.
. J. Mazyck; Greenville, James A. i
ot.; Iampton, J. W. Moore; Horry,
.Norton; Kershaw, G. G. Alexander;
,ancaster, R. E. Allison; Laurens, J.
3. Humbert: Lexington, H. J. Seibels;
Iarion, W. J. Montgomery; Marlboro, I
. S. McCall; Newberry, G. B. Cromer; 1
)conce. R. A. Thompson; Orangeburg,
F. F. Izlar; Pickens, R E. Brown;
3kichland, J. C. Haskell; Spartanburg,
F. T. Moore; Sumter, V. 0. Cain;
nin, G. D. Peak; Williamsburg, H. N
. IIavnesworth; York, C. E. Spencer. 1
Thc conmiittee met during the recess v
ud organized by the election of CoL N
uhn C. Haskell as chairman. I
On motion, Col. J. Q. Marshall was s
ppointed Treasurer of the Convention, i
nd the President asked that delegates i:
-ould hand their contributions for the!
xpenses of the Convention to the 1
Nominations for Governor being in s
rder, Mr. Quattlebaum, of Horry, nom- e
tated Wm. D. Johnson, of Marion. Mr. c
dlontgomery, of Marion, seconded the
Mr. Brunson, of Orangeburg, nomi- I
ated Gen. Edward McCrady, Jr., of
harleston; seconded by Mr. Heyward,
f Greenville, and Mr. Brawley, of
Mr. Bradley, of Abbeville, nominated
he Hon. J. C. Sheppard, of Edgefield;
econded by Mr. B. R. Tillman.
Mr. Brown, of Darlington, nominated
he Hon. William C. Coker, of Darling
on; seconded by General Moore, of
Mr. Henderson, of Aiken, nominated r
he Hon. John P. Richardson, of Clar
ndon; seconded by Mr. Rhame, of 9
Major Hart, of York, nominated the t
Ion. Giles J. Patterson, of Chester;
econded by Col. D. R. Duncan, of
partanburg. Mr. Williams, of Barn- t
;ell, also seconded the nomination of "
On motion of Col. J. C. Haskell, the a
Lominations were closed. e
The President appointed Messrs. D.
i. Henderson, J. L. Orr, W. J. Mont
:omery and J. B. Capplemann tellers, and
he voting commenced. As the name of
ach delegate was called, he arose and
nnounced the name of his candidate,
rhich was repeated by the President and
ecorded by the tellers.
Whole number of votes cast 318: neces
Dry to a choice 100.
P. Richardson..... ...............112
C. Sheppard ..................... 8
. C. Coker........................ 48
. J. Patterson...................... 36
:d. McCradv........................ 29 F
V. D. Johnson...................... 25 C
The following is a statement of the
ote by counties:
Abbeville recorded nine votes for
&heppard and three for Richardson.
Next came Aiken with ten solid votes
Anderson divided her ten votes out as
olows: Sheppard three, Coker four,
IcCrady two, Johnson one.
Barnwell's twelve votes were divided
s follows: Richardson nine, Sheppard
wo, McCrady one. (Mr. W. R. Kelly.)
Beaufort gave a plumper, eight votes,
Berkeley's twelve votes were divided
etween Iichardson and Sheppard, the 0
rmer getting six, and Sheppard five.
r. Cain voted for Mr. Coker.
The Charleston delegation voted as
llows: For McCrady twenty-one, Shep- C
ard three, Richardson three, Johnson
Chester polled a plumper for Patter
on, eight votes.0
Chesterfield gave three votes to Rich
rdson, two to Coker and one to Shep
Clarendon, of course, plumped her six t1
*otes to Richardson.
Colleton divided her twelve votes asr
llows: Sheppard nine, Richardson r
D)arlington polled her ten votes for
loker and never changed them. 0
Edgefield gave Sheppard her twelve n
otes through the three ballots, only ~
hanging after the election of Colonel
sichardson was secured. t
Fairfield was divided, her eight votes y'
ing cast as follows: Coker four, Pat- t
erson two, McCrady two. I
Georgetown gave five votes to Rich- t:
rson and one to Sheppard. c
Greenville also divided her ten votes, d
iving five to Coker, three to Richard- c
on, one to McCrady and one to John- i
Hampton divided her votes, three to E
iihardson, two to Sheppard and three
o Coker. t
Horry voted solidly, six votes for 1:
rohnson on two ballots, and on the I
hird, after the withdrawal of Chancellor T
Fohson, voted solidly for Richardson.
Kershaw voted solidly, eight votes for I
Lancaster for Patterson, six votes.
Laurens divided her eight votes (
~qually between Richardson, Coker, ~
sheppard and Johnson, giving two to C
Lexington gave McCrady and Coker i
me vote each and the remaining four to 5
Marion gave eight of ten votes to a
rohnson and divided the other two be- I
ween Sheppard and Richardson, one f
Marlboro voted Johnson two, Coker d
wo, Sheppard one and Richardson one. 3
Newberry also divided, giving Shep- c
>ard three, Coker three and Richardson a
Oconce gave four of her six votes to i
Richardson and two to Coker. 1
Orangchurg divided her twelve votes t
S follows: Richardson three, --five, 1
Sheppard three, McCrady one.
Pickens gave five o! her six votes to 3
Richardson and the remaining one to 3
Richland gave ten of her twelve votes a
:o Richardson, one to Sheppard (Dr. Tal- 2
.ey) and one to Johnson (Mr. Starling).
Spartanburg voted eight for Patterson
two for Jrkson.
n ur, Shep
Mr. G. J. Patterson's name was now
Messrs. Murray, Brown, Sawyer and
slaze were appointed tellers, and the
"onvention proceeded to a second ballot,
rith the following result:
C. Sheppard. .................... 80
V. C. Coker....................... 65
V. ). Johnson...................... 20
:d. McCrady........................ 15
Mr. Montgomery withdrew the name
f the Hon. W. D. Johnson.
TIE THIRD BALLOT
ras entered on, and when it was ended
was evident that Col. J. P. Richardson
ras in the lead, lacking only about ten
otes of election. Dr. Talley, of Rich
ma, rose and announced his vote
hanged from Hon. J. C. Sheppard to
Ion. J. P. Richardson. This was the
ignal for a general break. All over the
.ouse delegates were on their feet, call
ig vociferously for changes of their
otes. The greatest confusion prevailed
ut after much hammering of the gavel
Ir. Simonton, who occupied the chair,
acceeded in getting the changes record
a, and then in a few minutes the report
f the tellers showed the following re
alt, which the Chair announced:
Votes cast, 317; necessary to a choice,
The Chair announced Mr. Richardson
s the nominee of the Convention for
overnor of South Carolina.
"It is impossible to describe the furore
f enthusiasm with which the announce
ient was receivad. A tumultuous roar
Dse from the floor, was caught up by
ie parquette, and the densely packed
alleries and corridors joined in-the pieanI
at rolled up in a volume which seemed
threaten to lift the roof."
As soon as order could be restored Mr.
lackwell, of Edgefield, rose and moved
aat the vote of the Convention be made
nanimous, which was seconded in a neat
peech by Mr. Brown, of Darlington;
nd the motion was unanimously adopt
The Chair announced that- nomina
ons for Lieutenant-Governor were next
i order. Several ineffectual attempts
ere made to induce the Convention to
ke a recess.
Mr. Ira B. Jones, of Lancaster, placed
i nomination Gen. W. L. T. Prince, of
hesterfield. Mr. E. J. Kennedy see
nded the nomination.
Col. John C. Haskell at this juncture
ioved to shut off all further speaking in
iaking nominations, but his motion was
At this point Dr. Talley. of Richland,
iade a motion to take a recess until 8.30
. m., but the motion was lost, and the
hair announced that the Convention
-ould proceed to nominations for Lieu
Mr. W. T. Brooker, of Edgefield,
ominated Mr. C. J. C. Hutson, and
OL Claude E. Sawyer seconded the
Col. James L. Orr placed in nomina
on Dr. W. L. Mauldin, of Greenville,
hose nomination was seconded by Mr.
7. J. Mongomery, of Marion.
The first ballot was then taken, with
ie following result: Mauldin, 149; Hut
)n, 138; Prince, 30. Total vote cast,
L7. Necessary to a choice, 159.
Mr. E. J. Kennedy withdraw the name
E Gen. W. L. T. Prince.
The second ballot was then taken, with
ie following result: Whole number of
>tes cast, 313, of which Mauldin re
dved 169; Hutson 144.
On motion of Mr. C. J. C. Hutson the
omination was made nnanimous.
The Convention then adjourned till 10
'clock on Thursday morning.I
The Convention assembled promptly
10 o'clock, with Governor Hagood in
There was no abatement in the inte
mt manifested in the proceedings, every
art of the Opera House being crowded
As soon as 'the body was called to
der, Mr. Blackwell, of Edgefield,
oved that all nominations be submitted
ithout speeches, which was adopted.
Mr. Henderson said that if the impor
mt matter of platform and resolutions
-ere not attended to before the nomina
ons were mc de, they would not be
kely to receive the attention which
ieir importane deserved, and moved to
ll up the report of the committee. The
emonstration was decided from all parts
f the House, that there would be no
iterrption allowed to the nominations,
ad a motion to table Mr. Henderson's
otion was adopted without debate.
After some time spent in substituting
de names of alternates for absent mem
er, on motion of Mr. Thomas, of
hinion, the nominations were proceeded
The President announced that the first
omination in order was that of Secre
try of State.
Mr. Hoyt, of Greenville, nominated
en. W. W. Humphries, of Anderson,
hich was seconded by Mr. Clinkscales,I
Mr. Clark, of Kershaw, nominated Col.
7. Z. Leitner, of Kershaw, which was
econded by Mr. Kennedy, of Kershaw.
'he nomination was received by loud
n continuous demonstrations of ap
lause, and so many delegates took the
oor in all parts of the house to second
ie nomination that Mr. Murray, of An
erson, felt constrained to ask if there
rs no rule to limit the number of sec
nds to a nomination. The President
aid there was not, but a motion would
e in order to make such a rule; where
pon Mr. Murray moved that the num
r be limited to two, and on the suggese
on of another ddlegate made it tw o,
t the motion was lost.
Messrs. Jones, Croft and Johnstone
ere appointed tellers, and the 'allot
The President announced the r ut,
s follows: Whole number of votes ~ast
16, of which Col. Z. W. Leitner ~e
eived 207 and Gen. W. W. Humph es
eceived 109, and Colonel Leitner wvas
eclared the nominee of the Conve ~on
or Secretary of State.
The announcement was received h
eafening roars of applause, which laste d
lotmvdta h oiainbAs soon as order was resumed, Colonomayints 1e .
lared unanimous, and no objecti
ieing o1- it was so orderd
Te 'j3 tmaamee the nomfna
tion of Comptroller-General as next in
order. Mr. Haskell nominated the Hon.
W. E. Stoney. Seconded by Mr. Don
On motion of Mr. Heyward, of Green
ville, the President was instructed to cast
the vote of the Convention for Mr. Stoney
which being done, he was declared
the nominee of the Convention.
The next nomiration in order was that
of Attorney-General. Mr. Hendersou
nominated the Hon. C. R. 'Miles, of
Mr. Gilland, of Williamsburg, nomi
nated the Hon. Jos. H. Earle, of Sum
ter. The nomination was secepnded with
enthusiastic and prolonged cheers, indi
cative of the result which followed.
Messrs. Glaze, Hemphill, Wagner and
Davie were appointed tellers.
The President announced the vote u:,
follows: Hon. J. H. Earle, 174; Hon. R.
C. Miles, 141.
Mr. Buist, of Charleston, in behalf of
the Charleston Delegation, moved that
the nomination be declared unanimous,
which was done.
The next nomination in order being
that of Treasurer, the Chair appointed
as tellers Messrs. J. Q. Marshall, Jervey,
Hutaon and Mazyck.
Mr. Izlar, of Barnwell, nominated
Isaac G. Bamberg, of Barnwell, and the
nomination was seconded by Mr. Orr, of
Grreenville. Mr. Croft, of Aiken, nomi
nated Col. John P. Thomas, of Richland,
which was seconded by Mr. Rutland, of
Fairfield. Mr. Marshall, of Richland,
nominated Richard Singleton, seconded
by Mr. Sinkler, of Berkeley.
The Convention then proceeded to bal
lot, with the following result: 314 votes
were cast, of which General Bamberg
received 190, Colonel Thomas 74 and
Mr. Singleton 50; and on motion of Mr.
Haskell, on behalf of the Richland dele
gation, the nomination was made unani
Mr. Brooks, of Edgefield, nominated
Gen. A. M. Manigault for Adjutant and
Inspector-General. Mr. Mockbee, of
Chester, nominated Col. I. G. McKis
sick, of Union. Mr. Humbert, of Lau
rens, nominated Mr. Hugh L. Farley, of
Spartanburg. Seconded by Mr. Dun
can, of Spartanburg. -Mr. Marshall, of
Richland, Mr. Smith, of Horry, and Mr.
Sparkman, of Georgetown, seconded
General Manigault's nomination. The
vote on the first ballot, after numerous
changes, uas: Manigault, 156; Farley,
150; McKissick, 7. Number of votes
cast, 313; necessary to a choice, 157.
Mr. McKissick was withdrawn by Mr.
Thomas, of Union.
In the midst of cheers for Manigault
and Farley, the cry of "Ballot! ballot!"
was raised. The second ballot resulted
as follows: Manigault, 162; Farley, 156.
Number of votes cast, 318; necessary to
a choice, 160.
Amidst excitement, it was moved to
make the nomination unanimous. Agreed
Gen. James F. Izlar nominated for
Superintendent of Education Col. A.
Coward. Seconded by Mr. Davie, of
Chester. Mr. Childs, of Pickens, nomi
nated Col. James H. Rice, of Abbeville.
Seconded by Mr. Howell, of Colleton.
The ballot resulted as follows: Rice, 186;
Coward, 128. Number of votes cast,
314; necessary to a choice, 158.
On motion of Mr. Hart, of York, a
motion to make the nominatior. unani
mous was carried.
Notices of time and place of the meet
ings of the Congressional Conventions
were given. Most of them met in the
Convention Hall immediately after ad
Mr. Haskell, from the Committee on
Platform and Resolutions, sent in a re
port. He stated that while there was a
difference of opinion among some of the
members of the committee, there would
be no minority report, but that each
member would state his differences on
the floor of the Convention.
The President appointed the following
committee to notify the successful caadi
dates of their nomination, and ask them
to address the Convention: Messrs. D.
S. Henderson, J. L. Orr, PR. C. Barkley,
G. W. Brown and W. R. Blackwell.
At 1.45 a motion was made to adjourn
until 3 o'clock.
On the opening of the Convention,
Mr. Haskell submitted the report of the
Committee on Platform and Resolutions.
The platform was taken up for consid
eration, and Mr. D2awson said that lhe
observed that the committee, while con
forming the instrument very closely to
the platform of 1884, had omitted the
ivil service plank' which was first adopt
ed in 1882 and reaffirmed by the Conven
tion of 1884. He therefore proposed an
amendment which restored the civil ser
vice clause as it existed in the former
platform and made an earnest argument
in its supp~ort. He said that the omis
sion would be calculated to place the
Democracy of South Carolina in antago
nism to the policy upon which Mr. Cleve
land had been elected President of the
United States, and he appealed to the
Convention to hesitate before adopting a
course which would in effect be construed
as a rebuke to the national Democratic
party and the adlministration of Presi
Mr. Benet accepted the proposed
Messrs. Kelly, of Barnwell, Murphy,
of Colleton, and Barber, of Chester,.
spoke in favor of the amendment; while
Messrs. Clarke, of Kershaw, Murray, of
Anderson, and Haskell, of Richland,
spoke on the other side. A motion to
table the amendment was then lost by a
vote of 153 nays to 149 yeas. 'The
anendment was then adopted.
The Democratic party of South Caro
lina in State Convention assembled, re
afirming their allegiance and devotion to
the principles of the Democratic party,
declare the following to be the principles
and policy of the D~emocratic party in
State and Federal atrairs:
First. Wise aind just legislation; the
impartial administration of equal laws;
efficiency with economy in every depart
ment of the State government.
Second. Popular education is the bul
wark of free institutions. Liberal sup
port for the public schools for the whole
Third. The present protective tarif~
taxes the many for the benefit of the
favored few. The duties on imports
should be decreased. An early repeal of
the duty on cotton ties, on the machine
ry used in the manufacture of cotton
and wool, and en tools and agricultural
implements. will'stimulate manufactures
and be a measure of relief to the farmer
of the country.
Fourth. The public credii, Nationt
and State, must be maintained.
Fifth. In the conduct of affairs in thi
State the Democracy have been actuate<
by the desire to promote the greates
good to the State. Democratic unity
public safety and private security.
Sixth. In the State, justice and equal
ty for all, to insure harmony and goo
will between the races. in the Union n<
sectionalism in policy or feeling; an in
dissoluble union of indestructible States
one flag, one country, one destiny.
Seventh. Civil service reform. Ap
pointments to minor offices under test!
tin- will indicate the qualitications of th<
applicant, promotion by merit, a fixei
tenure of office and no removals excep1
The nominees of the Convention (ex
cept General Manigault, who was not ii
Columbia) were now introduced, an
each made an appropriate speech.
The Committee on Resolutions tc
whom were referred various resolution
amending the Constitution as to the mod(
of selecting the candidates, respectfully
submits the following report. The fol
lowing amendment, they recommenl
shall be adopted as a substitute for al]
the proposed amendments so referred tc
Amend Article XII by adding thereto
"Each Congressional District or judi
cial circuit in this State shall be at liber
ty to adopt the method of primary elec
tion instead of the convention plan for
nominating candidates for Congress or
Solicitor, provided such method be de
termined upon by a convention regular
ly called in the manner hereinbefore
specified, for that purpose among others.
If such method be adopted, the conven
tion adopting the same shall fix the time
when, and prescribe the rules under
which, such election shall be held: Pro
vided, That such primary election shall be
held in each county composing such dis
trict or circuit: Provided, further, Thait
no election either for delegates to a con
vention or under the primary plan shall
be hereafter held prior to the first day of
September in every year.
This report elicited no debate and was
agreed to, there being no minority re
The Convention, by an overwhelming
vote, refused to lay on the table, and
amendments proposedwere then adopted.
A hatch of adverse reports were then
Colonel Haskell, representing.a''mi
nority of the committee, moved to table
the unfavorable report on the resolution
favoring a Constitutional Convention and
to take up the resolution.
After a parliamentary tilt between
Messrs. Haskell and Smythe, the motion
was lost, and the unfavorable report
adopted in an off-hand manner.
There was an unfavorable report on
Mr. Murray's resolution providing for a
general speech-making day for all candi
date s for election in the counties, and
prescribing a canvass of the State before
the meeting of the State Convention by
all candidates for State offices.
Mr. Murray moved to table the report
and take up the resolution. He argued
that the views of candidates should be
known before and not after the nomina
The Convention, however, refused to
take up the resolution and adopted the
committee's unfavorable report.
The resolution providing for the nomi
nation of all State officers, Congressmen
and Solicitors by primary was also unfa
vorably reported, but on motion of Col
nel Orr it was taken up for considera
ion and caused quite a debate.
Mr. Benet moved to amend by substi
uting Governor and Lieutenant-Gov
rnor for State officers. The amendment
Mr. Henderson moved to table the
The roll was called and the State pri
ary proposition was tabled by the deci
sive vote of 1%4 to 96.
The following is an analysis of the
ote on the motion to table:
Abbeville................. 0 1
iken............ ......10 0
nderson.......... ....... 0 7
Barnwell............. ...$8 0
Beaufort. . ... . .......
Berkeley............ 1 0
hesterfield........ ..L 0
olleton...... .... ... 0
Edgefeld... ...... .. 1 4
Faifild.. ...........0 S
Grenvll.. ...........0 10
Hamton.. ...........3 0
Ilory............... .... 0
Lauens... ...........10 0
arion ... . ......... ....4
Mrlortown ............... 0
clantrd.............. 12 1
Toatarg............ 14 '3
on ion. . . . . .----- .
A otonwa it ..oe to ador
sie ie Ter ws ..eeuo a 10e
hubu, hihatl .t.ea 8 0ucinl
fo olnl r t oniu.6 Hesi
tht e ad te.oto tobigota
amnde~ttoth Cntiuto 4
fo rpesnttoninCnvnto in7r~
potin o henube o 3 Deo 0a
CoonlHakdl o .Cl.5a 0n
Coonl rotof ..en oposd 7h
On via v..1ot th0rooe
v otan t.... . .. .14 0
Colioneenderon theieort caledfo the
ehiColonel rmoe othate the csit
oaryresolutions ofschanksed. h
oficr moftenntiontroe wtoc injourn
sie ate heast wsererupon desered.
tteeuof thichotles casd prsiiently
orColonel edrso to Pretint Hesaid
Gcrtrepreentof the Convention: pro
s thank you for the kindly feelings ex
pressed in your resolutions and congrat
1 ulate you upon the work you have done.
In my opMiion it has been wise and jn
s dicious, and will redound to the credit
.11 ,f the Democracy of South Carolina. I
t bid you heartily a pleasant return to
s Iv.:ur homes."
The gavcl fell and at 6.35 p. m. the
- Co.ivention of 1886 ended its labors.
i The State Excen:Ive Committee.
The following is the Executive Com
First Congressional District-W. H.
Brawley, Charleston; S. P. Wingarc,
Lexington; W. J. Fishburn, Colleton.
Second District-L. T. Izlar, Barn
well; J. W. Moore, Hampton; W. J.
* Talbert, Edgefield.
I Third District-Geo. S. Mower, New
berry; E. B. Murray, Anderson; John
C. Cary, Oconee.
Fourth District-J. A. Hoyt, Green
I ville; D. Johnson, Union; G. W. Shell,
Fifth District-P. E. Allison, Lancas
ter; T. H. Clark, Kershaw; G. W. S.
Sixth District-C. S. McCall, Marl
boro; C. A. Wood, Darlington; J. F.
Seventh District-S. Pbrcher Smith,
Berkeley; R. D. Lee, Sumter; J. M.
The De-mocratic Standard-Bearers.
As a fitting conclusion of the report of
the Convention, the State ticket nomi
nated is here appended:
JOHN PETER RICHARDSON,
W. L. MAULDIN,
Secretary of State:
W. Z. LEITNER,
W. E. STONEY,
I. S. BAMBERG,
JOS. H. EARLE,
Superintendent of Education:
JAS. H. RICE,
Adjutant and Inspector General:
A. M. MANIGAULT,
THE JOINTF SDER MEETING.
Some Interestin;: Work, Despite the Overshad
owingt Importance of the Democratic Con
The joint summer meeting of the State
Grange and the State Agricultural So
ciety, in Columbia, was completely over
shadowed by the nominating Conven
tion. Many of its delegates were also
delegates to the latter Convention, and
could not attend the sessions of the
Farmers' Convention. Others, although
not connected with the political Conven
tion, preferred the excitement of being
present while the nominations were
being made to participating in the farm
.rs' meeting and hearing farmers talk.
The joint summer meeting was to have
held a session at 9 o'clock on Friday
morning, but so few of the members
made their appearance that a recess was
taken until 3 o'clock that afternoon. At
this session a very excellent essay, enti
ted "Somae Thoughts on Our Agrical
tural Interests," was read by Dr. E. J.
Rembert, of Sumter. The essay touched
upon many important State and Na
tional q1uestions. The extreme hardship
and injustice of the protective tariff was
dwelt upon. The silver question was
also touched upon.
At the conclusion of this essay, State
Chemist P. E. Chazal was .requested by
the Convention to give them some in
formatian about the analysis of fertiliz
ers. The request was complied with.
At 5.:30 the meeting adjourned until 8.30
The night session was largely attended.
The committee appointed in Charleston
last February to select a suitable place
for the inter-State Agricultural Eucamp
ment reported that they had chosen
Spartanburg, as that city ohered more
advantages thar any other place which
had competed for the encampment.
A resalution was passed requesting the
Board of Agriculture to allow the Com
missioner of Agriculture to exhibit min
erals, timbers and other products of the
State at this encampment, to be held in
August, 1887. The committee appointed
for the purpose reported that the North
Carolina, Georgia and Tennessee Agni
cultural Societies had been communi
cated with and had expressed their will
ingness to unite with South Carolina in
having this encampment.
Gen. Johnson Hagood read an essay
upon mixed husbandry. If the essay
could have been heard by all the farm
ers in South Carolina, it would have
done more good than a dozen farmer
conventions. General Hlagood had pre
pared the essay carefully and in such a
manner that it could be understood by
any one. He gave nmerous examples
of what had been donewith hay, melons,
fruits, truck farming and cattle raising.
His own experience on a farm since 1878
was recited in an interesting and in
structive manner, and ho clearly illus
trated that a diversity of products was
mre p)otitab~le and safe than one or two
Colonel John W. R. Pope addressed
the Convettion upon the tariff and its
efects on Southern farmers. Colonel
Ppe. sh'owed that the inhabitants of this
State are pavying S1:: a head each year to
th Federal'Govcerment. He suggested
thtt if th e people comp~lained of the]
small Staite tax the Lunatic Asylum
should be enlarged immiediately.
etate Bank Returnsi.
Nearh- all the 8t~tte Banks of Georgia
hae;i with :3e Governor their returns
of the condiitgr.1 of their business on the
uth of dlluee. Among the interestimg
poitsdevelo' Ad by the returns is the fact
that 20) banks have on deposit from their]
p~atrons $5,4S.27. . The largest amount
of deposits is MVthi the Southern Bank of
the mate of 'Georgia at Savannah, which
ias $1,;327,542.23. It is estimated that
there are 4re than 12,000,000 of dollars
on deposit the banks of all descrip
tions in th' .
THE FORTY-NINTH CONGRESS.
The Work Accomplished by the Two Houses
Summarized and Analyzed.
The first session of the Forty-ninth
Congress, which ended on the 5th inst.,
began on Monday, December 7, 1885,
and covered a period of seven months
and twenty-eight days, or two hundred
and forty-one days, exclusive of Sun
days. Of this time the Senate was in
session one hundred and sixty-four days
and the House one hundred and eighty
five days. During that time there were
introduced in the two houses thirteen
thousand two hundred and two meas
ures, of which ten thousand and four
teen were House bills and two hundred
and fourteen House joint resolutions,
and two thousand eight hundred and
ninety-one bills and eighty-three joint
resolutions of the Senate.
The measures proposed for enactment
into laws exceeded in number by two
hundred and forty-nine those introduced
at the first session of the Forty-eighth
Congress, which sat for seven months
and four days, or one hundred and sixty
fiveactualworking days. They covered all
sorts of subjects, from payment at the
Capitol for extra services to complex
questions of legislation with respect to
Of the entire number comparatively
few were of what may be termed nation
al importance. The greater number
were measures of a private nature or of
merely local importance, such as relief
and pension bills, bills for the erection
of public buildings, for bridging rivers,
for ganting the right of way to rail
ro a through military or Indian reser
vations, for removal of political disabili
ties, for changing judicial districts, for
establishing new land offices, for chang
ing names or location or incrang the
capital stock of national banks and for
printg public documents.
A very small percentage of the whole
number of bills introduced, of either a
general or private nature, became laws.
A comparatively small number succeeded
in getting through the committees to
whtch they were referred, and reaching
the calendars of their respective houses;
some secured passage in the house in
which they originated, but failed of
action in the other branch, and a very
large number still remain unconsidered
by the committees to which they were
The total number of measures that
passed both houses was one thousand
one hundred and one, being two hundred
and forty-one Senate bills and eight
hundred and sixty bills which originated
in the House. Of this total eiht hun
dred and six became laws with e Presi
dent's approval, one hundred and eighty
one became laws by limitation, the
President failing either to approve or
disapprove them within ten days after
their presentation to him; one. hundred
and thirteen were vetoed, and one failed
by reason of adjournment without action
by the President. Of the new laws
seven hundred and forty-six were House
measures and two hundred and forty-one
Senate measures. The laws that became
such by limitation were, with two exce
tions, private pension and relief bi
The exceptions were the bill to authorize
the Kansas City, Fort Scott and Gulf
Railway to construct a railway through
Indian Territory, and that to retire
The appended summary shows the
present condition of the more important
matters submitted for the action of Con
gress upon which further action isneces
sary before they can become laws.
Mr. Cullom's inter-State commerce
bill was passed by the Senate and amend
ed in the House by substituting the
Reagan orouse bill. It is now in con
The Mexican pension bill passed the
Eouse and was amended in the Senate
mnd sent to a conference committee,
where it is still p ending.
Bills to repeal the timber culture, pre
nmption and desert land laws and to for
Eeit the Northern Pacific land grant also
emain pending in conference commit
The Morrison tariff bill, which pro
posed in addition to the reduction of
duties the modification of the existing
system of administration of customs
laws, was reported favorably from the
Ways and Means Committee, but its
:onsideration was objected to in the
Eouse, and it remains on the House
The Randall tariff bill was reported
ldversely from the Ways and Means
Committee, but was placed on the calen
lar, where it remains.
The House bill to prevent aliens from
iequiring or owning lands in any of the
l'erritories has passed both houses, but
was sent back to the Public Lands Coin
nittee of the House to consider the
Senate amendments, and remains there.
The "Blair" educational bill passed the
Senate early in the session, was referred
k> the House Committee on Education,
but has not yet been reported from that
:ommittee. A similar bill, introduced
n the House by Representative Willis,
was referred to the Committee on Labor,
which reported a measure formulated by
itself as a substitute, and it is now on the
Bills to establish a uniform system of
bankruptcy were introduced in both
tiouses. That introduced in the Senate
by Senator Hoar was reported favorably,
m.d is on the Senate Calendar, and that
ntroduced in the House by Collins was
ilso favorably reported a'nd is on the
The bill to prohibit members of Con
gress acting as attorneys for railroads
passed the Senate, but that action was
ifterwards reconsidered and the measure
sent to the Judiciary Committee, from
Thich a substitute measure was reported,
vhich is now on the Senate calendar.
The Edmunds bill to give the Presi
lent power to appoint postmasters and a
arge class of subordinate Federal oflicers
mader the several departments of gov
3rnment without the consent of the Sen
tte wasreferred to the Judiciary Commit
:3e, but no further action on it has been
The Senate resolution for the consid
aration of executive nominations in open
~ession, adversely reported from the
Committee on Rules, was debated at
ength early in the session, and was made
~he special order for December 8 next.
Thursday morning, at McBean, Ga.., a
arty of men entered a train and took Henrly
Davis, colored, from the officers and rid
fled him with bullets for outraging a girl