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THE INVENTOR OF SACCHARINE.
An Accident Leat*% to an Impoxrtant isiscoery
A Substance Which Out-Su;ar-, St;ar.
Dr. Constantine Fahlberg, tho in
ventor or discoverer of saccharine, the
new coal tar sugar, is a tall, well-built,
handsome German-American, of about
thirty-eight years of age. He speaks the
modern languages fluently, and despite
the celebrity that has so suddenly fallen
upon him, is quite diffident and re
served. To an inquiring reporter, who
had called upon him for the express pur
pose of conversing with him on tho new
sweetening agent, he said:
"How did I discover sacechariue? Well,
it was partly by accident and partly by
study. I had worked a long time upon
the compound radicals and substitution
products of coal tar, and had made a
number of scientific discoveries that are.
so far as I know, of no commercial
value. One evening I was so interested
in my laboratory that I forgot about
supper until quite late, and then rushed
off for a meal without stopping to wash
my hands. I sat down, broke a piece of
bread, and put it to my lips. It tasted
unspeakably sweet. I did not ask why
it was so, probably because I thought it
was some cake or sweetmeat. I rim ed
my mouth with water, and dried n'y
moustache with my napkin, when, to my
suprise, the napkin tasted sweeter than
the bread. Then I was puzzled. I again
raised my goblet and, as fortune would
have it, applied my mouth where my
fingers had touched it before. The
water seemed syrup. It flashed upon me
that I was the cause of the universal
sweetness, and I accordingly tasted the
end of my thumb, and found that it sur
passed any confectionery I had ever
eaten. I saw the whole thing at a glance.
I had discovered or made some coal tar
substance which out-sugared sugar. I
dropped my dinner, and ran back to the
laboratory. There, in my excitement,
I tasted the contents of every beaker
and evaporatirg dish on the table.
Luckily for me, none contained any
corrosive or poisonous liquid.
"One of them contained an impure
solution of saccharine. On this I workea
then for weeks and months until I had
determined its chemical composition, its
characteristics and reactions, and the
best modes of making it scientitically
and commercially. When I first pub
lished my researches, some people
laughed as if it were a scientific joke:
others, of a more skeptical turn, doubted
the discovery and the discoverer, and
still others proclaimed the work as being
of no practical value. When the public
first saw saccharine, however, everything
changed. The entire press, European
and American, described me and my
sugar in a way that may have been edify
mg, but was simply amusing to me.
And then came letters. My mail has
run as high as sixty a day. People
wanting samples of saccharine, my auto
graph, o- my opinion on chemical
problems, desiring to become my part
ner, to buy my discovery, to be my
aent, to enter my laboratory and the
A wO-NDERFrL SUCCESS.
-What 1-ye I done? I have started
a company in Germany to manufacture
saccharine, with a capital of 2,000,000
marks. They are already at work, and
are now producing the 'new sugar. It
costs, or rather we sell it, between $10
and $12 per pound, but will reduce these
figures considerably before a year has
gone past I would rather have started
in this country, which is my home, but
the high price of skilled labor, and the
high'tariff on the crude materials (line
chemicals) of which saccharine is made,
deterred me and my friends from so
doing. I will say, however, that if ap
plied chemistry continues progressing as
it has done in the past decade, we shall
open branch works here within the next
Saccharine is proving a wonderful suc
cess. It is used already in many ways.
It is employed by the maakers of glucose
and beet sugar. These are inferior in
sweetness to cane sugar, but superior in
digestibility and healthfulness. The ad
dition of a trifling fraction of saccharine
makes them the equals of the finest cane
sugar in the market. Saccharine is so
sweet that a teaspoonful converts a bar
rel of water into syrup. A small wafer
of it converts the bitteres't quinine solu
tion or acid drink into a regular molas
ses. It will, therefore, .be invaluable
in disguising and destroying all the bit
ter and sour tastes in medicine without
changing the character or action of the
Saccharine does not decay, mould or
firment; .nieither is it attacked by
bacteria. It has no injurious effect upon
the human system. What effect has
been noticed is rather beneficial than
otherwise. This immunity from decay
will render it of great utility. Where
sugar is used as a flavor and not as a
food, it is bound to be replaced by sac
charine; where as a food and flavor com
bined, it will not be. In the future the
new sugar will be used by druggists,
physicians, bakers, confectioners, candy
makers, bottlers, preserve and pickle
makers, liquor distillers, wine makers
and dealers in bottlers' supplies.
THE FOlEIATION OF sAcCHu.GE
.-The new coal tar product, saccharine,
Mbieh is expected to prove very useful
onaccount of its sweetening power-in
respect to which it stands to cane sugar
in the ratio of 220 to 1, and with which
.considerable antiseptic properties are
46'uiied-was mentioned at length by
Sir Sydney Roscoe in a recent discourse
at the Royal Institution. This new sub
stance was described by the lecturer as
the most remarkable of all the marvel
ous preducts of the coal tar industry. It
is not a sugar, but contains carbon,
hydrogen, sulphur, oxygen and nitrogen;
and its chemical name is benzoyl sul
phuric imide. It is neither a nutrient
nor a-poison. It is derived from the
toluene of coal tar, by a process com
prising at least seven distinct steps; the
whole contributing a triumph of svn
thetical chemistry. Toluene is first heat
ed with sulphuric acid of 168;~ degrees
Twaddell, but not above 100 degrees C.
After all the original toluene has disap
peared, the mixture is run into wooden
tanks partly filled with cold water, where
it is stirred up with chalk. The mass
thus nentralized is filtered through a!
press; and the calcium salts are treated
with. sodium carbonate, with another
filtration following. The solution of the
sodium salts thus obtained is evaporated
and the solid residue dried byv steam
beat. This material is then mixed with
phosphorus trichloride, and treated with
a current of chlorine. Certain residuals
are then driven off, and the apparatus
contains two suiphonic chlorides-one
solid and the other liquid. Only the
latter is capable of yielding saccharine.
This is now separated, mixed with solid
ammonium carborate, and steamed.
After some fnrther mechainical treat
'ment, the liquid is oxidized by potas-i
m permanganate, and, finally, th - ur
saccharine is precipitated by dilr "in
eral acids. It has a far sweeter -.t
than sugar, and a faint, delicate flavor of
'his is the season of the year w hpn :- I
man get wat yon do not wamt renl i e:n
THEi KNIGHTS OF LABOR.
C(ardinaa Gibnon-s Declarem that the Order i, :ot
nder the ~Han or the (hurch.
J6!.: oitE, Atig.iut 19.-The -l'i'n'u
w~ pr illio-morow al intnviw witi
Cardia:1 Gibons, ho says:
Card~al aschrea' conelmnatio~n of
the~ ii'-rbts of Ib*r should not be t:ken
as :i~ enti~ent f ih: hyh (nrm n<:t
,.unil, t w w the lbor or--ainzions ml
Qut irCe. i i e::n tt thll e .1 C rdial's
.o !I:,- . h
'at 'e i h not ihUrud p nind' their
ex r.* rli aLndno sa'dia : i im ce yetI
in ravor of the il n o b T
e::n 1e n Vo rn- in I reanzio I i t.
ba i n!I I r res , olied. -:nU a rc
liiuc Inly''I whe tC tis tune does the.
Ci:urch raise her oceI ha'vc n( knowl
ede of inhe '(Czcti.otin .
WiltheIr or no', sel1ret pie;es areetn
the K n of Jwabor tis a W. i.
on ~llh mreliht .houki b thr(own" !IY
Chc1o asstureld mn". hat i he::rI i:ileim
bhn~~~~~e( t 1 F he 1re of oxo.ud e!w
:m- oter treaiz iiont wh h theChur ch
ha awtsanaonze.A dtinct ion"
iLt be made as1 to the re .'fra 0 ecret
plerd.is. We hoti- that if a rnoins a
so8tic iy :t1 sweai neve '0o rv:dS)1 ::ny tfit.
wngs,-ami. dto obe tihe dicatv of its
oAifr bll, he ,u:rrenders ipenl
liberty. On the othe rhad f amnther jpin
swea~in tO kpsce its( ~s-*--'' o~rig i
thle pr''ovs 1:,nohin slrl boe contrary
to the lwsi of the ind. we holde his Per
fear;i iuC sti'bfe. The who neor ae
p:and on which lof these otil te memberms
0:'. I the latter. ad in 7ord-Mee With
3r. Pwri' ae:w:.then thec
Clr 1"1,h says" tI 't I K night of I .:b6or:-I
ped( you. Ifl owever. the aso
lu-,e blind pleges i.4 taken, no mnatter how
h1abe1 o bject of the, :0ceety. the
Chrn er: 0neve licea nc11he it, and will
('; O 1r cildren01 to wiltraw undoer
panin of exco-1.mmunication. Iso everything
un.dnds on thie proviso.
in eir Sweret Uv and v.
The opinion is expresse-d by many lead-_
inl- journals of thle coiuntry tha1:t wej are on
rt eve of alively reviv l of general pros
prerity. This pp-r has pulihed on se_
eal ocasion recns c aricl e s contning
the!-e views :md giving good rea .sons as- the
bai of their arguients. This feains of
ofes eappears to enrally prevail in
cotumercia circles. The N tew York Aeri
Cri ior. which is conservative and well
informed, in .ts curren-t mmimber says:
(AT-cche ti bewthut c os'e as
"The reve many signsat thantu tion
hias ag.dn c Ugh up n% itl productLiOn, and
th:o weare ,w on the eve of another p,
r of ood time:d. lilr.a:l bin: ias
beg-n to iceast ala:: our smel rai'
are not ctonsl the deand for
ral - )a rters nre a-an!el :n. o bo
mcet in Euproper: otal faeur
a!buies isl immovinr, as is shown I
the improved demand for money from all
sec~ions oif :lhe country. whichl has drawn
down,-i the su;,,rpNns of ihe_ New Y1ork lunks
over the lalreserve from sixty millions
lAgt year to exiht millions this arstocs
of* mnutactured oods are gendFraly emale
i) rces so low that an eSikMemust i-c
for an avoC: m -Idv Iems i) th rocl r
!lioaeti h.m a tCn . upi ard, soit
loo ks ns iL' We not ("n.1 were likeiy v) see- a
ieu l % -le. ut a Hvi ant gher ,m Iwas
ci vg.oi he ti. ievitab lde ier
dev: lcae. for'th earmknd ell of iclc
ing olnidionis ure to catei u!P w-itil
ovr, prai:ui~oThc Siroad acule of
wApp; shows that since the census of
1 o0 our population-h-s Increa.se'd .0
C00, or nearl 20 p., et. :n. thaton
Jui. 1. itLmontedx to~. i3r.sid0. ofh
the Toipazti for Ite next'ou Cer o
a.ertana t year and te sir-e raeo
n~ud icase in yorpopaztoial woul
brin:" liti, up to a6s0.0 an 1C90. atr about
1ier0. in ten yheatlvr Wiuch a tre
Tl ho is encuging andour pepe hiv
cau(e ltok11 rejeleove Mhe fc hildere
eCially havuses andi a un fcneal
byisue. T eispLife Terliy Hpe
of the yer canbe t averdb EWJaNKsl
amount' Co a and IA littd cotaby
the oier ueo'EnixsTrs
IterspDarnr , DsntC, ChoS.l
era Norbu andh lie mpain. K
Srier hould be. withou 1a-h bortle, a
no1 doub te grie fr t he chaoU - ngeo
useri. Thexn Imost .11ist vau ble medicine i
the8 wld,ll a ' cota1 l" the bestfplIC and
moht Vceur'aieropete of al I! .nl oher
ToiIIs,' Bites et. etc. being 1the
Agent in ext. 'istence. For~ liltlara
ach, erou Cedhe, Chronic
Rhemnatism, et. etc. iti' is trl
'ircla Remdy IIive nw if
C. IntES'ox, S.'' I. et 1.0 1885
Fac4 er Intre-4 Gathered froin Various
Quaiet has~- beenl retore 1 in Belf:st.
Tin wirckers ane oaint iwork in Chi
The rep r of lie :iirriage .f Mnic.
Nil.>.n is dni.
The nw i i ar n1t tu be
iu beforeC NvemiLer 1.
Mintains for Id su e wion.
D1- ':ores.. Zoata. wiAnvo.te aou
m:d f titu'u he.ding its f. it
.'i'me: O *iil inhy f bl''d hi ife
.2., ~ ~ ~ ~ hi ,vifrc. d. al*a
:n01 mONThrnaw, Inl Cmbroige 'da.-.,
Lock Linmley mnurdered Th*:n.::, . on
roe :md is .un' Allen, het Suudty. In the
Ah Wryknie & th Ies; Pons- of
.1::drv, Cal. Wn-,e i ' mfactuer in'i
ay w::re:~ eer t aioe a
au C!itnz - ir ' I w
rige was struck Iy 1 ink Izk rd wilh
his fls. aud cd in two mlinut.-s.
1r-:k S oue, of :avanai,. anre 1ri
on the heni liI fil fon a carWhuks
dla 1110113 and broke his
we trirne. 1r
TulreI CAl.lav, w:i:d h tutrd broiv s into
ary 1:eth. :s's ., I*50I,0
in Ch1tica 3ioud a D. forL.row
ide wf c ud. bhy Fan Parcks wit1.
Parnkil S ofir svnn bre r e raed an
the C calgo Convention: Oeacal Ti se
Auu. ot eri-e if e ccre:;e
to:T-es lchihzan IDneocratsr i er cov-n
the plcice of the A Tlreaasrtr:tioaW.
Condpulsrv ntlerclileC by tuetb oil
r nligious sbnviner fis hoet aleisied i
aolnu B, d Shot tVhIe. ri. iJof mout. a
prmiemlt citizen of Iock Yad. ich.,
tli:oC-t-h the heait Saturday.
A double (clo eliet ofetarredhat A nondordl
N. I.. urvice ts brrid lised eil
ing with two nared wories.
prWith her talk of war. Georgia ich. ,
miliia force of ' all told, white and
eolored. infaitry, artillery and cavalry.
Central Issia. n I esiecially the, Ms
cow district. has hcen devastated by torna
dos and water spouts.
An unknown tranlp was lvnch-d i inl
dignant -citizens of Jndiana fOr saing,
to eath Davis, the statin agent at Huron.
P. iI. McC:rrn-, a. barb ih Providence.
U. h, cut the throat of J. Crosy., Wedies
xay, while shaving iml]. Death ensued at
Because- of sundry perfunctorv conven
tion resolutions,. the Prcsidmt is satistied
Orh: the South is a unit for his cvi scrvice
It is su gete that if the c(ating ill ocean
steamiler rates (ont inues, : eaet
rpey wi cost a good Iald le. than.taving
at h- mei.
Fred. Dou;.;ass remotved tc he ::t fethr
from he aridentid nel's 1at!t vhen.
in a pubic speec. called 'dr. Clev-ad
Mrs. Georce Deakerhort and her caild
died at l::kerat-wn. Pa.. Thursda, fOm
eatinig toadcaools, whj~i they. t.: .i were
It is reportcd in Londoz n h ther~e is a
Chlie-e airmy.C el) 40.00 men quar'ered on
the Sungllari river,1 in 3(nh0ria near the
Al~il!t dx:::poli... ...t..e.k.ii..:htn
t>e wife: the other.X two ' escaigu.ut
The Irish: delIf-:.;at t o Ohe C(ie n~o irilh
Nationial Le-i::uc (Convenin--31ee'-rs.
O'Brien, Dea'ey *i::d lied- -ond-~irrived in
New York Mondar.Y
Six thonsa'.nd eigar maker1Ws went (ut onl a
strike for higher wages at Iiavanai, Men
dayv. The mnanfaturers havi'e united to
resit the dtemiad.
By adv.ice of the C'>] Service (Cimtnis
5102n, the Presidenat has mn~emided theC rles
so as to prevent :e p.,imil2ainth!cers fromi
knowing the polities of :ppliiants.
A heavy wind and rain storm ocenemre
in Aberdeen, Dakota, Monday, and( swelt
over a 50 miles radius. Four persons wer-e
The father of the tw o T'aylor brother>,
inl Tennessee, is neither1 Democrat nor lle
publican. He is atn ar'de-n Prohiitionist.
Hie can tatke the fene between Alf. and
Ci-f amerest in the ( iC)a Convenion:
cnters in the fact thna the Ir:ish deletrate-s
h:tve rad;.utel e thir faces not enir
adu-:t dyvn:um.te, but. a.i-ns vi ILnec ini
The IUot .iim oI~r says: "GIearui-:
mnen are burni::-' wit a' Nr toL 11whin
Mexico. Wh:.t they ceally~ w:ma:. ; erhap s,
is to iret intol a country where there isno
The "old soldier" rac'ke-t had :o forCe iln
Teu !se ob Ta:vlor, who was t o
younii to go) to war easaly defeanted Gen.
ibb reli, the hecro. of a hundred battles,
andl a statesm!an1 of a: hi::h ordieC.
Tihe maghitrat:-s of 13 Ihtt are in1 a nuan
ar sto holw to pr0ceedl in view of the
verdmict of willful muarder foundi a;:iinst
nine policemen, coI'mdtedl duri the re
The report is coniirmed that Kruipp his
secured a contract to supply 1.5%l tenls of
steel rails for the construction of railromis.
to be used in the development of mfh1ii
industries in Tientsin, China.
The Convention of the I..i Nniionial
Leanue at Chiccago endorsed i/arnell and
his party de!spite the posmn ei r merlyv
md his followers. GIadstone20 elforts ill
beluai of Ireland were appri'oved.
Tihe brother of Miss 13e.lle Cia-ton.
lighter of a wealthy merchant at Mlnad
Lre.-I, Tenn., has heen :arrsted Ifor ur
n:alive thei ilitimiate child of his sister.
MXi~s C..lvtoni has' ted from ar!:
Thr ii a n-er: aors:vn b.-tingr m1:1
li.ne 1o.). tr. :n I :in whlich the
peives- of the hirge whl'esale c1lthinl.
Ilnufaictur2' ~in hoCe :.r prepar-ing to
(On Satrdi a'i reu .al ri:h urise
va. nYd 'in-l ~ thei l'-, oe.-eek
21 nm i Nair : X. ho . -.1 .. Iii t
is life i n ake \2. en in n en 1
.lcd ,or-N: e e' --:h.e :;en.-.l"
0et a IrelLen aio\> a-j1i1. G Ai i
t l trge.
Dr. Frn . 1Im1tn oeo h rn
i.:X- Ira ine of Pr--iden Ga-r-ichi's physi
Y esterd-'s cholera. retur- fo Ii* taily ar
. rF-lns-.. In- ''i <e -me rC' .<.: 4:
delaths: Venice. 19 new Cases, 8 deaths;
Treviso. 45 new cases, 16 deaths: Ruvo, 24
neW CaseS. - (!eths: elsewhere, 62 new
The Englisih gtovernment intends to intro
due' at the next session of Parliament a
mesu.'re inloc:d government to Ireland
on tihe b::-si" e : pian prepared by Lord
'atdo~lph Ciltld;. The iartington party
Will suppo.rt ibe scemne.
Suind. .emin:: thLere was considerabl
excitemfn' in Macon. Ga.. over the finding
f a hall of Waste, carefully wrapped, sat
uirte d wvith kerosene and supposed to con
ti1 dynamite concealed in a growth of
simmediately in the rear of the Brown
Ab(ut 4 people were poisoned at the
o,: (on Cra:ige on Brighton avenue, Long
Brimh, :turdav night. from drinking
v e :ilk. They will all recover. Dr.
a S. Huit, Secretary of the State Board
of IHea, has been sent for to make an
e analysis of the milk,
-heri; A. S. Armstrong was shot by
P. C. Thompson and he died in ten min
ute. Armstrong, on meeting Thompson
after a political meeting held in Tuskegee,
At cAled him a scoundrel, whereupon
til I latter drew a revolver and fired twice,
both ta1kin" effect.
A special from El Paso states that the
Cut:In- case is in .ttettz go. Envoy Sedg
wick has no' arrived. Medina, the person
who had (utting incarcerated, has pub
l'sh.d a card anuouncing that he will not
proceed against Cutting in a civil suit for
danages. as he is privileged to do.
Gray, the defaulting treasurer of the
Atlantic and Indian Orchard mills, com
iritcd suicide. His body was found yes
terday morning at Blue Hills with a bullet
through his heart. Gray's defalcation has
caused the failure Samuel R. Payson, one
of the leading business men of Boston.
As the President of the Republic was en
tering the theatre at Montevideo Tuesday
ight, sonic miscreant fired a revolver at
lis i- a. the ball entering the President's
cheei. inflicting a slight wound. An infu
rinted crowd attacked the would-beassassin
and maltreated him so terribly that he died.
In fBrvan county, Ga., a negro cut off n
piece of a Miss Lizzie Bacon's tongue to
prevent her from informing on him for
crim:in:al assatilt. A posse captured the
scundrel. but he fired on his captors and
.ucce'Ld in getting away. Another posse
is in pursuit, bent upon lynching him.
Dr. Carver, the champion rifle shot,
seems to be in misfortune. An auctioneer
lat week sold his personal effects by order
of the court. A handsome watch given
him by the Prince of Wales sold for $400,
a diamond pin, said to have been presented
to him by the Emperor of Germany, sold
for $500, and 13 line guns sold for $1.100.
Mr. 0. L. Tilton, of Savannah, was ac
cidentally shot Tuesday by his five-year
oil son. le had been gunning, and when
he came in the house he laid the gun on the
bed, and while attending to something else
tIe child approached the bed and was play
in- with the triggers, which caused it go
ofr, striking Mr. T. in the back.
Officers are looking for Dr. C. C. Beers,
supposed to be implicated with Mrs. Sarah
.J. Robinson. the alleged Somerville pois
)::er. District Attorney Stevens has graurt
ed permission to exhume the bodies of all
Of Mrs. Robinson's supposed victims, but
probably not more than one or two will be
The Italian cholera reports for Morday
are: Barletta, 60 new eases and 30 deaths;
IRi"'o di Puglia, 21 new 'iqes and 7 deaths;
B-logna, 1:3 new cases and 5 deaths: Tre
Vi). i.s new cases and 10 deaths: Verona,
; new cases and 2 deaths; Legagno, 12
new cases and :" deaths; Venice, 7 new
cas a:d 2 deaths: Bisceglia, 13 new cases
and 2 deaths: Acouiviva 14 new cases and
The Treasury De)partment is prepared to
carry out the provisions of :he recent Act
'.f Congress authorizing the Secretary of
th~e Treasury to deliver to the rightful own
er' certaini articles of jewelry, &c., cap
tured by the U. S. army during the civil
w:: r and (deposited in the Treasury Depart.
:mnat. One box contained a lot of articles
ca ltureii by.Gen. Shermn'ns troops in Cam
dut. S. C., in the early part of 1865. They
conlsist of family plate, jewelry, &c., which
had been deposited in a bank at Camden
by Mr. MIctae and other wealthy residents
of tat seection.
Reass.emblin:g of the EngIlish Parliament.
Lo"xnox. August 19.-Parliament reas
semibled r.today. The Queen's speech was
-lr Lords a.nd Gentlemen: I have sum
moe ou to meet at this unusual season
for the transaction of indispensable busi
ness. The session of the last Parliament
was interrupted before the ordinary work
of the yecar had been completed, in order
that the~ sense of my peop~le might be taken
on certain important proposals with regard
to the government of Ireland. The result
ot tihe appeal has been to contirm the con
elusion to which the late Parliament had
coime. Tihe provisional nature of the ar
ran gement made by the last Parliament for
the public charge of the year rendered it
inexpedienlt to p~ostp~one any further con
sideration of necessary financial legishation.
Gentlemen of the House of Commons:
The estimates which were submitted to the
hist Parliament and only partially voted
will be liid before you.
My Lords and Gentlemen: At thle period
of the year usually assigned for a recess,
antd after the prolonged and exceptional
labors to which many of you have bteen
subj~ected, I abstain from recommending
atow for your consideration any measures
except those wvhih are essential to the
c~oudiuet of the public service during the
remaining p~ortion of the financial year. I
am conident that they will receive your
priompt and careful attention.
A meeting of the Parnell members was
held in the Ihouse of Commons before the
meeting of that body. Parnell presided.
M1embers whlo were ptresent at the meeting
decdled to discuss Irish affairs, especially
the Belfast riots, during the debate in thle
I lou~se of Commons on the reply to the
Queen's speech, and also to endeavor to
learn tihe intentions of the government in
regard to Ireland.
Base Ball in the Parlor.
The hands on the clock were reaching
tround towaird 12. She had vawnedl re
nentedly. butt to no avail. He was immov
ible. At length she said:
"I understand you are quite a base ball
:Y-a-as," he replied. "I play a gweat
Xeal. Do youiadmiah the sporty"
"What do you like the best about it'?"
"I thinik I like to see a home run occas
nally, as well as anything."
"Y-a-s." h returned, "I vewy warely
'Bu yo amst be a capital short stop,"
xas tei reinder, acecomipaiedC~ by a sp
Ie' - tmi ed for a few minutes and then
e(*hed i" r~ his hat.
Ca:hr by an Octopuin.
Ai divr~c who was trying to find pearls
if te Alaska coas t found none, but
cund himnself, all of a sudden, in the
rasp of an ugly octopus with arms
wenty-sevenl feet long. Such an ex
lerience is rare; but there are thousands
>f people who are caught by dysptepsia,
vhich-l is quite bad. An octopus hates
o let go. So does dyspepsia. Brown's
ron Bitters settles dyspepsia. and makes
t loose its cruel grip.*
'All things come to him who waits.'
it the samelt time it is well to tip the waiter
iceTasionta!!y. The thiings will come
The past week has been the hottest of the
A suit of armor was the old-fashioned
In a few more weeks the fall business will
open up lively,
Old Sol is hand and glove these days
with the resort proprietors.
Umbrellas have a widespread popularity.
The man who borrows trouble is never
able to pay it back. Remember this.
The fool and his money are soon parted
but this is not true of the fool aud his hair.
The school boys of the olden time usd
to know something about the "switchmans
Halifax is to have a steel ralilwar.--Tr
nrl. There are several steal railways in
Love is that golden latch key which
hangs on the outside, and lets in happiness
to every heart.
By actual count it has been ascertaincd
that a man can shoe a horse quicker tha. a
woman can shoo a lien.
Sixty thousand cards are used in the
Brooklyn Library. -Er. A new pack for
every game, we suppose.
"It's a wife's duty to be pleasent, says
an exchange. Yes, and its the husbands
duty to make her duty easy.
Hotel Turtle is the name of a Dakota
hotel, and we presume the people who stop
there find the motto to be, "Shell out."
Actors are too much given to quarreling,
considering that it is a part of their busi
ness to kiss and "make up."
A Buffalo girl never has her weddinz
dress made in that city, for fear some o;ne
will say she was married in a buffalo robe.
"We want a circus, and we want it bad"'
exclaims a Western edi'.or. We should
think he would want a good one while he
A lady whose husbaunl indulges m!ore or
less at the club, says hie is a kind but in
There is a place in Pennsylvania called
Economy. It is not, a summer resort.
New England ice cream must be made
for export to CanAda. It kills at shorter
range than Jeiey lightning.
Cincinnati has discharged two policemen
for inability to read and write- They
should be ellgible for jury duty.
"I know what the nights of lbor arc.
said the mother of six boy s as sha at down
to repair the pile of trousers and jackets.
It is one of the easiest things in the world
to make a blmder, but how hard it is
sometimes to repair one.
Gath sententiously says that though the
great reformer died the great purloiner still
Who drank the first. julep:' Why, Neb
uchadnezzar. le w.s the first man who
ever mixed grass with, his liquor.
Only four months -before Congress will
assemble again, but the 49th can only last
till March 4th, whii h is some consolhition.
There is nothing a certain class of men
will not forgive, if. you will accept their
views; andi noti.ng they will forgive, if
you do not.
Some one rermarks that "lace is what ruf
fles the men no-va-days." But he is wrong.
Lace ruffles the women as usual. It is pay
ing for it that runies the men.
"Wome drink liquor," says a writer.
"and yet they never swe snakes." Guess
you haven't posted yourself far enough
back. Did you ever hear of Ever
"Home again! Not (lead nor injured!
You even smile' Is it-can it be true:
Thus spoke the umpire's wife. To be con
A Connecticut editor called the hord
court the Lime Kiln Club. and was prom'ipt
ly fined $5.57. About six jokes pe-r week
at that rate would bankrupt most Connecti
Elizatbeth Rose Clevehnd says: "An
acorn in the mind is worth a forest on the
end of the tongue." But, dear Elizabeth.
neither is the object of such tender catre as
acorn on a pet toe.
The man who invented the "chestnut
alarm-a little bell to carry concealed,
and tb ring when a stale joke is told-must
have had Tennvson's line in mind: "Ringr
Out the old, ring in th'e new."
They were speaking of a young lady
who sings beautifully, and one of the p:arty
asked: "Is she a mezzo sopreono?" "No,
I guess not: I think she is a 8wede," was
the innocent re-ply of a high school gir-l.
"lens Sana In Corpore &ii0,
Establihed In i792.
THlE 93D YEARLY TEmR begins Septem
ber 8th, 1886. For Catalogue, giving fuil
Maj. R. BINGH AM, Supt.,
Bingham School P. O,, Orange Co., N. C..
The Best WORLD
Cheapest ins FElmtinL
C2om~merciaI ellega *2a tiv"
BlghestlHonor and Gold Medal over all othter Colleges.
circlar addeaare W.yE.CoIT .tl Pr ies'r Lexungto,
BUYTHE TlrATh H0MKttes SoV
PIANOS ANid ORGEANS -
FACTORY PRICES FOR CASH
DELIVERED TO NEAREST DE- e
POT, FREIGIIT FREE. t
Write for prices and teurns to
Jutne30Lly v Y TI~ P
NO More Terror! j' Y n
the tune of labor and
.s e intensity
N0",20-9or .1 P i -t1mi the
tange:r to life of both
, trre an child, and
20302 ,ualt I -s t1. he mother inl a
,omiitio 1: igiJ-hy fa
TO ;orahiL( L ~to ee re
Mother or unc" .iJ1 i
-*i;S. :ud .tier
The Dread of. .Iil kl o" Its
Mother hood i ;1 1, rezpect 01- 4
t;:: it to he eaiied
Transfor rd 0 T M, IS
i n i L -,:. to be
10 TrL m vke1 one Of thle
1:_It ir UItcs
~ih V d~ '*4 ICell
trui wov ru iin
~fl~i ie h nature of
(.,O~ it Will of
li certitcates con
tit:n ig this REMEDY
FitNout wanidincg the
rce-ia of de writers.
Saft fwehave hundreds
E S t E oe ti suchitestionialso
-O- Froe and n mother
wI:e has once uset it
%,.- ever again be
! WU:er1:ngr iTi t i iner tim e
4..' ~ 'tejyremiarked
lit cerfe admissible
c. . L. . s we receive, the
Ili career ir the
,*i V our "MOTh -
Safet and Ese osuch umber of
il;A-iCV. it nus lanor e~asy, hastens (le
livery a1.l recovery, aiid INs RES SAFETY
TO 110Th MOTHER AND CHILD. No0 woman
can be induced to go throug the ordeal
Wthout it after o:ie u.wing it.
TA E. 1'hEiNNIGTON, 23. D.
Pahmetto, Ga., iiie iw, rcit
.4e: for our Trewtise ot "elealth and
Happiness of :-omaii myaild free.
BIIADFILLD REGULATOR CO.,
FORZ YOU-NG LADIES,
RALEIGH, NRTI s:AROLTA.
Ei11 FiALL TE: aCOMMEnCES ON
. the pist Wed resday of Stqetviuery
Sau?. closes curre-spondiingtimne in .] une
tfollowin. Advaitages for instruction in
a! e brancoes, usually tauht i irst
wthoueniaearies for Young Lates, nsur
hi,:;eT. l(uilig heated by steaEN G , amd i
eveiv waas to equipment, etc., equal to
in t' soth.A fulil corps ot First
(SS Lechers engaged for session com
I:thIlais of Woman," m as reason
alfl as ny Aer i'-sttuto feringzsame
ntivn taes.Corre,4p);i(h1nce sol!icited.
For catlgu, coiitaitiilg full particulars
BRADFIEL R ELLTO SO.,
Aw11a rhiials,, alaigh, a. C.
..he ruior that 'he PriWs cipale o ire
1...iovet" toluii.wmhia, S . C., i, a mistake.
Sle hasn pclsets lorep controlling interest
fllwing hAdnta fo intrcvtin an
alloi the buildngs,sal a in firs
passe. TeBuilding iste lighte wit asi
aryinthe wuth. th beltp of ugtirst
Class lTeches engaged ifor sssiondim
menoling eer Setmern ersasrasn
cble s ofnyrther insitto oerudin tame
advantaes.o Coepond eei , Isoie.
For Catalogueamt totiie fulprtic lr
RET ll. RiWL &KSO,
Au11m rinCiparlottaeg, N. C.
movIh~~i re to uia, bc.mCin agenistk.
I~e hatzpurCased he cntlli. interest
inRth SCJtOTTE wy EWL INOTI
T Ta T E as se nt',000 wic areotn.n
im pon ethebiig, atto ..i~ nd eisb' now'ak
mgi mereto vauermd.n imovement than
ever.y ah fbuldng ihs aihd ith gas,
wnarmdw they a test arfd wroutiron
furaeas Blo and o'd wsamiter ats
fre.hool i ey adruggeet.
Southand t Drawusi and AtDepartment.
arew unsurpassed.o'nnd otl~o
Fuld. Ls sinbeistmer myfc., 188G,
Fo carelgue apply no oatef Prinipa
hasdon memorTgo tn lo eRCdi-an
areperecty cea mid cfllectricdm res.
weIbeamp er tie tn se no eaet
DRTCOTTL, 4 2St Ferry, NEW Y
Cmosamed Guo ra com Spee h
:ci.-k co nmplt er iizeos t~hese
ptsk and Chrestcur veguestiale, eo:
and epxcellet on-eironeiat, bPer
ACID meriOSourArEmey of imietio is
alicae aru ara cet and intryti-e
lys they anstfm the wo r. icl Poimila~d.
Trndeahbtise oro andSkn tiesest faie
fre. Fr sle y al rse. Oebwl
know I hata icniln hundred bth of
hasdoe m mre oo thnlortherfan tedi
r efclyceradceme ady mye drseo.
whe I ega th meiciee. Ifpol cuda
. ad gveme n apeitelie ad tro ma.
e00 ies toight o thycul oba
Ammnated Guanotre, potaid Sendlete Hith
Cr. nea Caorlen ortegetbes, et.S
OH! MY BACIK
L-ry stra:n or raold attamcs that no!ak
and imr.ey prostrates you.
_M 1 Qaco Z
Strn-gthens the Iscles,
Stead es the Nerves,
Enriches the Blood, Gives New Vigor.
Da. J. L. M'rn'n. Fairfield. Iowa, sav:
Brow.'s Iron Bitters is the bet Iron medirem I
h-wc known in my 3W years' practice. I have found
it .pecialy benencial in nerrous or phypical exhaa
tion. and in aul debilitavintr nilmernt8 ta hr.t r a
heaGvly on the sysm.Ueeit freely in my ron amil."
wr. ter. Tncfe no ort r. Made only by
e:lOWN cU; :;- Ar. C.. BA. C 1o30. ":.a
L~).n' H.-.so Boo -;:.uI r~n1a ric m r
Mostof the diseases which a!!lict mankind are origin
aly causedby adisordered condition of the LIV ER.
For all cormplaints of this kind. such as Torpidity of
the Aiver. Biliousness. Nervous Dybpepsia, Indiges
tion. Irreguirity of the Bowels. Constipation. Flatu
lency. Eructations and Burning of the Stomach
(sometimes canlled Heartburn). Miasma. Malaria,
Bloody Flux. Chils and Fever. Breakbone Fever,
Exlhaustion before or after Feve.-. Chronic Diar
rlca. Los-i of Appotite. Headacho. Foul Breath.
Irreguiarities incidental to Females. Bearing-down
&e ; STADIGER'S A URAN-Ti
isinveluable. It isnotapanaceaforaildiseases,
b-ul(ts"CU all diseasesof the LIVER,
will . . STOMACH mnd BOWELS.
It chxges tho complaxion from a waxy, yellow
titv-e. to a ruddy.itby color. It entirely removes
lo-.. gwomy spints. It i:: one of the SEST AL
TERATIVES and PURIFIERS OF THE
SLOCD, and is A VA LUASLE TONIC.
Fcr sia by all Dr=.-'sts. Price Sl.00 er bottle.
C. F. ST ADiER, Proprietor,
140 SO. FRONT ST.. Philladchia, Pa.
* .-:m r:,.r- c a~ it ready for njarket.
' e~ l 0. vf 3a T ''' and H ORSE
2 fj dnd Ci~t POWEBXL',
."- '-Ills..,nd Standard Imaplementsgen
Peurusvivnia Agrieultural Woric. TORE. Ps.
17WT-NT 121 LADY active andi
. Jn 1 lJ"" inlteligzent. to repre
enit in her own lo,:dity an old firmn. Refer
dinees req uired. Pe.rmianenft posiltion anld
god salary-. GA Y & i3ROhi., 1G Barclay
t , N. Y.
-~ r- S. Cnc. S. S.S
. T have -'n b'en t -'on fo.r top years. I
- t :0:,1 m F:i -t :n- at :r- b::tit did men1
0 :m !::33wer co:en-i ~thse:es.and I cotnl
p n.a~s:::nn~eshou;deri'. I tu-k S. S S.. and i:
. c:::e-- I h:- naken. .3!y fac. ,- bdy and nec
tuma:sn io erntirely urone. I weighed 116 ponnds
Sj 1 pouncs. My first bottle hlped me great!
- 1 weted uo: 'be withont S. S. S. 1or neveral tin
C. E. M
The soiublGanoisa'ighly concentratec
:ade. Fe-rtilizer for all crops.
ASHLEY COTTON AND COR~N COMPC
70o crops and also largely used by the Truc-k
ASIHLEY ASH ELEMENT.-A very che-a]
izr for Cottont, Ce-ru aind Sniall Grain Cro]
ASH LEY DIS.SOLVED) .ONE: ASHLEY
-ades-for use alone and in Compost heap.
For Te-rms, Directions, Testhunaniais, and fc
.biains /the& Comapany,. address.
THE ASHLEY PHOSPI
ese pills were a vwenderful discovery. No others
relieve ill manner of disease. ~The information as
xof pills. Find out,
bout them, and you
. One pill a dose.
ting harmful, are
LS to take, and
use no inconven
marvelous power of thesh pills, they would walk
hot. Seat byi mil for 25 cc--ts in stanrus. liht