Newspaper Page Text
TH E XMA N NN T I XES$.
WEDNESDAY, SEP. 29, 188.
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION:
One Year, in Advance $1.50. or $2.00 at
che Expiration of Six 'Months.
Advertisements.-Per Square. first in
Each subsequent insertion. 50e.
, Contract Advertising at reduced
Advertising in Local Colnmi, 1c. lie,
The official advertisements are iu
portant this week.
The Treasurer's notice deserves at
Several valuable tracts of land will
be sold next Monday.
Mr. Loyns' "Town Talk" has excit
ed our mercantile friends to fever
Friday, white applicants to teach in
the free school will be examined
Saturday is appointed for the colored.
The Central Hotel vard is much
improved in appearance by a neat,
Rev. L. D. Bass left last Monday
for his home in Greenville, Ala., where
he has been called to preach.
Remember the dime reading at the
residence of J. S. Wilson, Esq., this
Miss Sue Galluchat came home
Friday, from a trip to relatives.
Mr. Sinclair, our popular artist, is
still here, but doesn't expect to stay
Miss Ida Briggs has returned from
an extended visit to the up country.
During her absence Miss Ida accom
panied the Press Association party to
Mr. Eugene Moses, of Sumter, is in
business with Mr. Louis Loyns.
Louis Appelt, Esq., has accepted a
position in Levi's store.
Friend Preston B. Thames has lo
cated with the Levi Bros., on Santee.
Mr. J. W. 3cLeod is engaged with
Mr. S. A. Rigby.
The earthquake did something for
Charleston. It's wallowed up the
base ball mania.
Misses Hass and Levy are refugee
ing from Charleston at Mrs. Louis
Rev. Mr. Garris will preach in the
Presbyterian Church at Summerton,
to-moirow night, the 30th. He will
be assisted by Rev. Mr. Dunlop.
Our Presbyterian friends are busy
prepairing for their Presbytery, which
meets here on the Sth prox.
The school advantages afforded in
Manning are'unsurpassed by auy town
of like size in the State.
The high prices paid by Mr.
Schwerin, our cotton buyer, for cot
ton, actually amazes somec of our mner
chants, -and even surprises the even
The Presbyterian Church has been
considerably improved by the appli
cation of paint, brush, saw and hama
mer, for the coming Presbytery.
Our young "Nimrods" would act
svisely to remember that the ]'ws of
sthe State prohibit, with a severe pen
.alty, the hilling of doves, partridges,
<etc., between the 1st of April and
Judge Cothran received The nomi
-nation for Congress from the fifth
District, iy a mnost flattering vote.
He is one of our ablest judges, and
'will be missed in that department,
~but as a-congressman, his career, we
~are satisfied, will be a briliant one,
redowning to the honor of his State.
There comes a time in every little
girl's life when she is seized 'with a
longing to cook, and there comes a
time in every big girl's life when she
is seized with a longing to hire some
body els3 to cook. It comes after
~she gets married.
A race horse devil paid his respects
to the Thus the other day. He made
:a profound obeisance to us with his
long horn, but perceiving that the
editor didn't represent the d-1 part
of .the business, he departed to anoth
er'guarter of the room.
With the streets filled with wagons
and carts loaded with cotton, and the
stores thronged with people busily
shopping, our town presents a lively,
thrifty business sir. Our merchants
are doing everything to attract the
trade of the country to Manning. and
appearances indicate that their efforts
are not without good results.
When heaven and earth are a
parched scroll, and time shall end, all
men will then wish for a clear record
between man and man. This event
is predicted to happen to-day, and if
the subscription book of the Tnirs is
rescued from the debris of a ruined
world, alas! the fate of a legion of
Mrs. Isabella Chavis, wife of Rev.
. M. Chavis, colored, died on
Wednesday, the 22~nd.
One of the largest and most relia
ble insurance companies doing busi
ness in the 'United States, is the
Equitable Life Assurance of New
York. A notable instance of the fair
dealings of this Company was mani
fested in the case of Mr. J. Hogan, of
Greeleyville, whose lamentated death
by the bursting of an engine boiler
'e had occasion to chronicle recently.
Mr. Hogan's life was insured in the
Equitable for $2,000, which by the
laws of insurance, as stated in the
policy, had to be paid in sixty days
after the death of the insured. The
Equitable did not wait for that time
to elapse, but immediately on the
proof of Mr. Hogan's death, forward
ed a check ,for the amount to their
ug-theore Mr Wilson. This action be
speaks the character of the compauny,
and we can safelv recoumend it to
our readers, as 'honest and Simon
De reJs!' M"!h1 for October
comes to us full to overflowing with
( ood things.
No hidv should be without this
household guide, for while it amuses
through its story department, it in
structs and keeps iLs readers posted
right up to the times. It teaches how
to adorn home and make it beautiful
by instructing the hands as well as the
iuind and heart. Every man who
loves his home should see to it that
his wife, mother, daughter or sister
is provided with this progressive mag
azine, which combines the essentials
of all others, and besides the magazine
itself, wich is all that could be desir
ed, a coupon is found in every nuin
ber, entiiling the holder to any select
ion of any pattern in that number, and
of any size. A subscriber may thus
get patterns to fit to the amount of
$3.60 each year. It is a mystery how
the Demorest's can offer this.
GRAND Excmsios.-The "Atlantic
Coast Line" has very generously got
ten up an excursion for the benefit of
the earthquake sufferers in Charleston,
and every one who can unite business
with pleasure, should utilize this oc
casion to benefit the needy and poor
of the city.
All along the Central Rail-road to
the city and return for $2-to begin
Oct. 2nd, 1886.
The entire net proceeds of the eu
terprise will be turned over to the
I Mayer of the city.
3NhrivELors WONDR.n-We have just
been handed an ear of corn from the
field of Mr. N. Stannea, of our town.
It has, standing in proud prominence,
one good solid ear, and surrounded
by ten smaller ones, making eleven
in one shuck. This does pretty well
for our thrifty Frenchman. He is
proud over the results of his farming,
and preambled the presentation to the
TmxEs with an address to Messrs. Tis
dale and Legg, who had brought
specimens in the shape of corn, and
began thusly: "You presented an ear
of corn to the MAssiNo TniES, who
weighed one ton. I has had muster
ed up a ear of corn that is a hen and
chickens around her. The ear con
tains a brood of nine chickens under
one shuck, a reasonable size to eat
and still a growing-only a pity it
aint turned into fowl meat. And nay,'
a., as you don't believe it, I show mid
You that it is a fact as I tell you. Mr.
Legg has four ears under one shoot,
I and I has ten under one shuck."
I GoosE Cr.Er CHUrcH-This famous
old relic, of generations long since
passed away from the earth and con
structed in colonial days, we believe,
has at last succombed to the earth
quake which recently wrecked so large
a part of the Atlantic coast. After
breasting the storms of many a year,
its moss grown walls have begun to
totter to a final fall. It is a great ca
lamity to be robbed of this connect
ing link between our day and the time
BY DBI. J. L. EiSTEP.L1G.
The forces of nature may terribly shock
Whzen they- follow the spade, axe and
blasting of rock,
Whilst meteors that sport in the heavens
In beautiful showers which scarcely ap
Man miay cut down, he may dig, he may
Tet nature's stern laws will be sure to res
Every iaw in her poise, let it cost what it
With electric convulsions or storm lights
Observation from the City of Sand HIlls.
FrLTroN, S. C., Sept. 24, 1886.
Things begin to look, and the weath
er to feel quite autumnal, these beauti
ful and pleasant days of glorious gol
den sunshine, (and other gush we for-'
get now) make as exquisite an Indian
summer as any country can boast of.
Farmers are gathering their cotton
crops with unusual celerity, as labor
seems to be more plentiful than here
tofore-but still the animated dark
colored cotton picking machine seems
to be inoculated with an air of inde-'
pendence, nut characteristic of the
hungry days of June, his contenance
reflects a sort of "I've got the bulge,
don't you forget it" expression. Fall
'is indisputably the darkey's Croesus of
'the year. The yield of the fleecy sta
pe bids fair to "pan out" much better
than was anticipated. The price of
ginning is much, cheaper than last'
Our Valedictory on Primaries and
Candidates.-The primaries being
over, and earthquake scare subsiding.
folks seem to be getting down to sold
business again. Of course while ma
n are pleased with the county ticket'
as completed, there are some who!
would have preferred to see the desti
nies of some oflices entrusted to oth
ers, but all are sufficiently loyal to
their party to assist in ratifying the
nominations by an election in Novem-'
ber. The retrospection of the events
and results of the recent canvass, to
the defeated candidate, must be some
what imbittered, as he contemplates
Ithe once bright and slining buggy
now obsolete, or as shattered as hi
pedestal of bright hopes, and lofty as
pirations, and as he views the horse
previously fat but subsequently thins
-his lost confidence in his fellow eit
izens who proved recreant to thei
plihted word, or when the strikingly
realistic panorama of the couutless
specimens of "young America" he
kissed during his canvass conmes be
fore him,-and all for? Naught !
Burke exhausted his almost bound
less resources in the "Beautiful and
sublime;" Shakespeare portrays his
ideal of a friend in the noble charac
ter of Iago; Dickens touched the lim
it of descriptive power in the pious
sicerity of Mr. Pecksniff and the sta
tueque posing of Mr. Turveydrop;
]"ret. Harte has aroused the 1nsvo-ithv
of tbe vorl 1y his t(arfu.1l p:th 1.) in
delin eatin t.he gentle, the chililike
aL bland, tLe celestial heathen Chi
nee; but when and wlre sh:dl come
aiother Burke, anotr iiShakspeare,
anothcr Dickens cr Ilarte, who can
adequ-at.ly portray the beauty fal
sublim'ity, the noble unslihh j friend
Ship and philanthropical regard. the
unmitigated sincerity, the exquisit
pose and celestial innocence of soine
of Clarendon's recent candidates.
Our Merchants all have large stocks
and are vying with each other in cut
ting down prices in order to "catch
on" to the trade with the emoluImnCI
and appurtenances thereunto apper
taining, and thereby obtain a hand
some competency, and acquiro that
amount arrogance and grub which
wealth and position yield. At least
that's what one of our young Stewarts
in embryo told us he was driving at,
and in consideration of a telephone
cigar we promised to mnentiou it.
Fulton Merchants invite the segrega
tion of sanded or artificially diew
dampened cotton, nusty corn, decay
ed peas, over-ripe and coivalescent
eggs, dyspeptic chickens-b)orrcowed
these moonless nights while their pi
ous owners are worshipping "in the
beauty of holiness" at Zion's Hill, and
will give in exchange, pre-histo-ric
cheese-replete with specimens of
entomolog, antemundane cracke:rs,
farinaceous confectionary, great anti
billious whoopemuplizajane cemetei y
populating ginger tonic, fish of the
irredeemable past-in bad order, ebe.
etc. Should our merchants desire to
evidence their appreciation of this
puff-we will take sugar in our's and
a clove for dessert.
There will be a ball this evening at
Calvary Grange Hall. We thanik our
kind friend, "Occasional," for a cv
Miss Zula Skinner, of Barnwell, is
visiting at Mr. J. D. Weeks.
Mrs. R. M. Brailsford is spen ding
some time in Sumter with her siister,
Mrs. P. P. Gaillard.
Mr. Robt. Johnson, (more familiar
ly known as "Bob") of Packsville,
honored Fulton with a visit last Tues
day, making our heart gleesome. May
the reflection of his form in the sun
shine always maintain its present pro
Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Toomer and
family, of Charleston, are the iests
of their nephew, Mr. R. M. Brailsiord.
Mr. Toomer came up about two w%.eks
ago with his family refugees, from the
"thrice scourged, but still pxtient,
still brave, still hopeful, City by the
C~u~.aY, Sept. 20, ISSG.
Mr. EnITon:-If you draw a like
from here, direct to Summerton, you
mark one of the finest cotton regions
of the county. This takes in a belt of!
soil equally as fertile as the Tex.i.s
prairies. I was forcibly struck with
the magnificent cotton farms of Mr.
R. H. Belser and the Hon. James E.
Tindal. Aside from these on the riv
er side, there is Mr. James M. Rich
ardson, who stands equally abreast of
his neighbors. Cotton, with these
gentlemen, looks to be a specialty.
They can show you how to economnizej
and what profit there is in heavy ma-f
If vou are familiar with farm work~
it is' only necessary to ride over
these farms to be convinced that free
labor can be utilized to advantage,
and with such system that the wealth
of the country will largely increase.
I do not think the cotton crops will
yield as expected month ago. In
this region crops have met some disas
ter. The worm is stripping the leaves,
while the boll worm is more trouble
some, doing greater damage than in
former years. Farmers are busy at
work. Laborers demand higher wa
ges for picking cotton, so when ex
penses are paid little remins. I have
listened to so muchargument on the
farmers' ills during the political cam-i
paign, I often wonder wihy ic is thatI
wages cannot be better regulated. In]
this particular does not farmers de
I did not think to wander so far;
my meditations were intended, for the
Sabbath, the beautiful scenery at the
baptismal font, of which I was an eye
witness to the burial of four lovely Ia
lies in the liquid grave, in obedicnce
to the command of their Lord and
Saviour. The sun rose on the Sab
bath with grandeur and beauty, andj
everythmng was smeoth and quiet.
There was no ruffling wave to disturb
the peaceful mind; it was as tihe still
ness of death, or a calm after a storm.
Like King Agrippa, "we were almost
persuaded." Tihe Revc. H. W. Maho
ny performed the solemn ordinance of
baptism before a weeping congrega
tion, then returned to his pulpit and
delivered a solemn and impressive
sermon on the Deluge-picturing the
sad end of the Antedeluvian world
then applied his concluding remarks ]
to the judgment--when all mankind
must give account of himself to Go.
We leave to-day for Pauola to visit
friends in that locality, where we
might gather some stray leaves among
the associates of our youth, and end
this letter in hope, never to forget the
ties of friendship of former years.j
There are but few old men left. The
venerable John J. Holladay still lin
gers about the shores of time-close
by, lives W. W. Coullette, who has
reached hlis three score years and ten.,
Among these kind friends we were
nursed in tihe lap of piety, to say
nothing of those wvho await us be
yond the grave
"The birds tarry not for the winter, butI
And sing in the distance, the songs of my
The '!owers that spring up in the path
wheOre'er I stray,
Mid flowers that I loved, ere I wandered
The Octoie mu-unber of Ile :; th
ern Ie is out will iitsful va
riety of inlt reing an;d il ntta,-in
artieles. Dr. lliX L. Oswald (ls1 s
the suer sea sn wi 1 a dClig! ftl
pape r on so:e ut-e-the-way w:ter
1-pce Wil Wallace ar.:ev
concludies his paper on orange cul
ture. A Norlthern sohlier draws a
striking compal:trison between the caml
palUis of General Lee and General
Grant. Colonel Lobe- t W. Woollev
has an iiportant paper relating to
Gen. Albert Sydney Jonston's pur
poses in tgLting tic I>:ut. of Shiloh.
and Col. W. Al1en reviews Gen. Long
street's account of Lee's Invasion of
Maryland. As a war issue the Octo
ber I ut-ae is probably the best issuo
of the magazine. But, aside from
these war papers, the inagazine has
much to interest the general reader.
Bono) Barealde is a character sketch
of urujsual merit: Colonel Nicholas
Smith has a bright paper. entitled,
My First Conquest; Mt11aurice Thonup
son writes of the Kinghsher in his
most charming style; G. C. Conner
has a very timely paper on Mexico,
and Mariner .J. Kent gives a true his
tory of what is called Poe's Last Po
etu Col. . S. Colvar, of Nashville,
describes tbe recent ch.angcs in the
Municipal Government of Nashville,
aid Walker Kennedy tells what has
been dtone in the way of reform in
Meiphis. The poets are well repre
seined, inspired by the glories of the
autuin, and the reader, whatever he
may seek, will be apt to find it in the
..-Havingjust opened i varied stock
[ desire to call the attention of the Claren
on People to the low prices and good quLi
tv of the samue. All who favor moe with a
ll will find I sell everythin- at rock b'
rices, for CASH, as the following quota
:ions will show:
Best D. S. Sides, at 9e. per lb.
Best Famiily Flou. 2 lbs. for -l.
Best Standard SuAr 12 lbs. fur Si.
C. Sugar. 13 lbs for $1.
Best Coffee, 8 lbs. for *1.
Common Coffee. 10 lbs. for $1.
Best Gilt Edge 1Entter, : lbs. for St.
Best Leaf Lari, 10 lbs. for $1.
All other Goods -. proportionately low pri
:is. I wish to call special attention to my
Give me a call before buying elsewhere,
md I guarantee satisfaction.
J. S. PLOWDEN, xpr-s Agt.,
Lnd Agent NEWS AND COU1ILE2 for
J. C. H. Claussen & Co.,
Steam Bakery and Candy FactorY,
CHARLESTON, S. C.
KecGahan, Bates & Co.
Dry Goods, Notions, Clothing,
os. 226, 228 and 2:30 Meeting St.'
CHARLESTON, S. C.
Dii. J. G. Dnis is still at the old
;tand, formerly occupied by the firm
>f .1. G. Dinkins & Co., and is now
>repared to supply the people of
STRICTL7Y pUR -,]
igS and Medicines,
t the Lowest P.<sIble Prices.
?nsIsT, Orns, GuLss, TOILTr ARTIcLEs,
LooTHl AND HAru Ba~rsime, Coxins, FINE
CorEr Soasrs, STomr, E'te.
A full andi select stock of all the
Patent and Non..Secret Medicines
:onstantly on hand.
A-n elegant assortment of fine
CIGAR-S AM) TOBACCO.
Physicians' Prescriptionus carefully
:o~pounded by day or night.
3. ALLEN II UGGINS, JR.,
& Office on Street South of Court
A-To1nI Ar Latw,
M a nni n g, S. C.
~rNotary Publie with seal.
JOHN S. WILSON,
ttzrney and Counselor at Law,
Attorneys at Law,
Manning, S. C.
OIiee South of Court House.
J. E. SCOTT,
ttorney and Coun'sellor at Law,
M4ann1ing, S. O
HAYNSWORTil & 3LKINS,
ATTO'( RNEYS AT' LAWXV.
Ulnnnini" S. C.
Mann fing,. S. C.,A' .r 11,18 .
A Graded School for Girls and Small Boys.
.IML:;S:; N.mm I x :,so1A' AN - mN "'ET.., PRsnCwPA .
TI'he tIinli Iear of the i, n G171 ( rove Slool will egin Sep
lmer 61h. 188I .:u close .ini:n Sih. 1I SST.
It is tIII' p ro of the IP i 1i1i.aS to give tIih(olugl ilstructioi
in the e1emetilir bran es. t ! 1i 1 i Vl -IWi the pupils a
ni itly asso aljiuiginenwil :u'I iliit.
Spe:ial an! eti] Jon g'livenl to (nlistheinies.
The sthool buildiig is in ' oninplete order for comftrt 1u1d con
velliilee. being well vcitilhitoiI. 1u1l amply heatedl in Wiliter.
Expenses Per Month.
First Graie. . . . . .10.00
S econ<d - . . 1.50
Tiihird ". . . . 2.0()
Foiniii . . . . 2.50
Fifili . . . 0
Sixth " . . . . :.
Seven1th alint hl i Gra'I s . .f 4.00
Dmwie~nl Pimin. . . . 2.50
For fiurthe V1'i-ths. iply Ito eithi- pin(cipa.
William M. Bird & Co.
OIIRLESTON, S. C.
C;uter, P.aLfrm and CottoII Scales.
Trucks, Grocers' Tinware, etc.
Paints and Painters' Material of every description. We are headquarter
for these good.s al offer induceiiients to pureJasers. Augi
Charleston iron Works,
Manufactur ers and Dealers in
Marine Stationary and Portanble Engines and Boilers, Sav
Mill Machinery, Cotton Presses, Gins, Railroad, Steam
boat, Machinists', EIginieers' and Mill SuI)plies.
1p-3, |pair- e.n iil with " iuuI ness awl Jasp;fch. Siforprire list..
East Bay, @or, Pritchard St.,
Jan13 Charleston, S. C.
OTTO F. WIETERS,
WHOLESALE dea1---in Wines, Lignors and Segars.
No. 181 EAST BAY, CHARLESTON, S. C.
CALL ON OR. WRITE T
FALK & C.,
King street,"opposite Hasel
Charleston, S. C.
Clothing, Furnishing Goods anm
Samples sent on application. C. 0. D). shipped subject to approval.
0- T0HN.Ln .I
OLD VEVET RY
Milt r anuctresOflheO.
ReliableCtto Gion CoGis
Feeders, and Condensers. All
~~ the very late'st improvements:
two brush belts, steel bearings,
improved roll box, patent whip
.~ . per, extra strong brush. New
p eeted Feeder, enlarged dust
- . proof Condenser.
Srong, durable and simple
i~4~K~-iin constriction. Gins fast. runs
light, and cleans the seed per
-Lsend for Circular and Priice
F'. J. Pwr:.ui, President. IF. S. RiouI1:s, Tfreasurer.
ATLANTIC P115HSPATE COMPANY,
CIPJESTUx, N. C'.
MIanufacturers of Sqmu1-:r Fr1';:e.rs.u /11,w.,rters vf P'T77jE GE7I.ILL
jan. 1. :1|rm -n,'s s ,i 'IL IJU.EN TUY, . ('.
TRUMT~BQ, HINSON & COMPANY,
lFactors an~d CommlllissionI M~erciants5, Cot ton d1 Naval
BIU)\W N'S W ITL\ I'
J AN. 1:i. ('/! / I.1:N7Y T . ('.
A. G. CUDWORTH, Agt.
opp. Charleston flotel.
Mu:r:nf!a'turer and deal-r in Saddlery
Hlarnes. Collars, Whips, Saddle Hardiwar
&c. Keep constantly on hand an extensiv
and well sclected stock of everything in t1i -
line. And Manufacture goods to order at
short notice. Oct. 14.
It. MARSIALL & CO.,
S . HARDWARE MERCHANTS.
13.) 3atrrso STREr.T, Charleston, S. C.
Sole Agents For
STAR'S DIXIE PLOUGHS,
AVERY & SON'S PLOUGHS
DOW LAW COTTON PLANTER
AND GUANO DISTRIBUTODS.
Iron Age Harrows and Cultivators, Ionu
Plough Stock. Washburne & Moeni's
Galvanized Fence Wire, Chara
lion Mowers and Kapers
WATSONS TURPENTLNE TOM
Manufactured in Fayetteville, N. 0. liery
Tool absolutely warranted and
if broken will be
Also Dealers In
Hoop Iron, Horse and Mule Shoes, Wood
and Tinware. Coopers tools, Miners
Tools, Cutlery. Guns and Sport
Prices made on application.
, GRAND, UPRIGHT, & SQUARE.
Tone and Durability.
1885-New Orleans Expsition-Two Gold
Medals for Upright and Sqaare.
1881- Boston (Mass.) Exposition-Ph1mc
Prize for Square Grand.
1878-Paris Exposition-For Square and
Uprigh t Pianos.
187G-Philadelphia Centennial-For Sqnre,
Upright and Grand.
And also over
200 FIRST PREMIUMS
at State and Couity Fairs.
Have the endorsement of over 100 different
Colleges ant Schools as to their durability.
A large assortment of SEcoyD-HAtn Prs
os alwars on hand. General wholesale
agents for Palace, New England and Bur.
(le t Organs.
Pianos and Organs sold on easy monthly
Pianos taken in exchange. also tborough
ly repaired. Send for Illustrated Piano or
CHAS. M. STIEFF,
9 N. Liberty Street,
~A. Mc Cobb, Jr.,
AND DE.ULEE IN
*Lime. Cement, Plaster Paris, Hair, Fire
Bricks and Fire Clay,
Land Plaster and Eastern Hay,
Agent for White'S English Port
No. 193 Es- B~A, CHARLE3TOZgA $
CH A RLESTON, S. C.
Toncco, CmR~xS, Pr, Erc.
Sole agents for the celebrated
brands of tobacco
-RED) M EAT.
s uir.nuttt or..
- * 3 .usive:, but I a com-*
~ 9 to, wIdl imtn it,
,'~ - .s OOTS AND AL..
S -'~-.>~CR EEN OR DRY.
- - nd 9.00 for enofugh
p 5, (.,circlar, &e.
Ar ecnt. Wanted.
I \'~ ~s ~ F. .Fross &Co.
- 4~9~1 Lock BoxD,
IN CONSTANT USE.
Buy Direct from the Manufacturer.
Wholesale 3Ianufacturing Pricee from
LARGE SOLID WALNUT CASES.
BEST SEASONED MATERIALS
VOICED TO PERFECTIONK
TONE IS UNSURPASSED.
EVERY ORCAN WARRANTED FOR
SEND FOR CIRCULARS.
READDMG ORGAN 0O.,
F. . R'ANTN~ER. Manager.