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VoL. ii. MANNIN( ( ENDON 'OLNTY. S. C., WEDNESDAY, OCTl(ER 27 1886. NO.46.
TALK IN A (F T a: W .'
DATES TW11 1 E %H-, IE'%CL
The Imperiance o. .44 N% 'r or!,
timuent for cie%-ia,.:d - The .
WXAsm1NOrN, October 20.-ihmiu
of the President and memabers of tlh
Cabinet from their sumamer vacatie::s a
been followed by a liOely gathedng ol
Senators, Representatives, li:can$,
candidates in search of patronage and
pirants in searc ofone. The ci;
service statutes have relieved t1e prcs
sure for the 1CeS within th- r:!e o
the elassiied ser-ice. The nk aind ille
of the old-time oilice-seeer in sxereh o
clerkships, therefore, are no longer the
plague of official life. The returning
officials and politicians are making quite
a stir in political circles. They all have
much to say concerning the plans and
prospects of paities, having taken ad
vantage of their recent opportunities to
meet the leaders and mingling with the
The Republicans appear to be most
active in speculating upon their future
movements. The number and variety
of the aspirants for national honors
about a year and a half hence prevented
an open field for half a dozen statesmen
and their friends. The Democrats have
not quite so much to say, as their choice
from present appearances will settle
down to a renomination of the 'resi
dent. There is some talk of a Carlisle
flurry from the South, but that is a
political chestnut which has ran through
at least three quadrennial nominating
conventions. A few New Yorkers throw
out a hint occasionally about Governor
Hill, upon the grounu of his ability to
carry that pivotal State.
NEW YORK'S IMPORTANCE.
The importance of the Empire State
in the political balance is admitted all
around. With its electoral vot the Re
publicans could elect their candidate and
win back the control of the cxecutive
branch of the government, . without the
vote of Connecticut, Indiana or New
Jersey, or a single State south of Mason
and bixon's line and the Ohio river.
They could also afford to lose California
and Oregon. The loss of New York to
the Democratic candidate wad eavc
him eight electoral votes short after car
rying Indiana, New Jersey, Conneticu.
California and Oregon. The ihpubn
cans could succeed wihhout New YOr '%
carrying Indiana and Connecticut wicil
would'give one or with Indier'a and New
Jersey would give ten Teorny. The
figures used as the basis of the mathe
matical calculations of politicians here in
computing the chances of parties shovw
that of the 232 electoral votes necessary
to an election of a President and Vice
President the Republicans have seven
teen practically certain Northern States
casting 174 votes. There are five doubt
ful Northern States, California, Connec
ticut, Indiana, New Jersey and New
York, casting seventy-four vot '. The
Democrats have sixteen certain Southern
States with 153 certn1 electoral votes.
They perceive that the Republicans can
carry the next Presidency without New
York, but success there is indispensable
to the Democracy. Carrying all the
doubtful States named without New
York would leave the Democratic ticket
eleven short, or carrying New York they
would still require the fifteen votes of
Indiana or the combined vote of Con
necticut, six, and New Jersey, nine, or
Connecticut, six, and California, eight.
It is observable in the conversation of
these returning political prophets that
Democratic sentiment throughout the
country is becoming reconciled to the
superior sagacity of the President in lh
efforts to elevate a Democratic adiims
tration above the old idea that the public
offces are the rewards of political ser
vices, regardless of every other consid
THE TALK ABOUT BLAINE.
The friends of Mr. Blaine return witlh
a fresh supply of enthusiasm over in
prospects, especially since the election ir
MIaine. They speak of his chances as
almost equal to a realization, and refeci
to the canvass of newspapers friendly tc
his interests as conclusive evidence tc
that effect. An estimate of strengtl
based on the expressed preferences oi
the delegates to the recent Republicar
State Conventions of Ohio, Indiana
iiinois, Michigan, Wisconsin, Iowa.
Missouri and Texas footed up 244 fo~
Blaine, 119 Logan, 7l Sherman and 2:
Allison. Nothing is said, however, o:
those who did not express their views
which constituted about rive-sixths o:
the whole number of delegates attendin
those conventions. Out of about 3,00(
only 456 expressed themselves. It i
clai~imed, however, that such figures shov
the drift of public sentiment. An inti
mate fiiend of Mr. Blaine, who has beer
in conference with his managers, say:
that the question ;of his. candidacy wil
be determined later-that his persona
campaign in Maine was more for posi
tion. It is hinted that should Mr
Blaine's friends, after a careful canvas
of the situation, consider his electio2
doubtful he will throw his strength fo
Allison, of Iowa. It was his desire t<
4'et Allison into the Garfield Cabinet
but for the complications growing on
of the action of the Iowa Republicans t<
secure the attorney-generalship for Wii
son, of that State, Allison would hay.
been secretary of the treasury instead o
The friends of Senator Sherman ta
of his chances with much contidenec
They have been in correspondence wi:
party managers mn olnst erery Stat
and elaim to be receivimg "meh encom:
ag-ement. As soon as Congress meet
they expect toe take up his ease sytemati
cally, with a view to :;ttm-' into th'
fli el S. His g'eatest tro;ule seems t
lie in his own State. Ex-Governor F-oi
ter very recently reass rted his devotio
to Blaime. If he should take an ope
part against Sherrman there may be
divided delegation. wieh has alread
impaired Sherman's chances before tw
.conventions. Shernan's visit to Pemi
sylvania during the present month as
participant in the oratorical feature<
4he Republicnn canva~s is expected i
:av he ounttwnl .. a vigorou'S boom at
th'i pro1r ilme
ura Legan IS eXgneeted here early
n-::Ut mott. Hi chons clim thal
atri has added Tucl
nthto 111 iotico ats a C.-Ididate.
!1*'Zt-_,n on tlie1 raine, inA tgto 0 is
e aind to have lost him friends in his
p. r1v i in Oio. It is not likely, however.
atl vu Ack up any delegates
thee, b and Sherman cover that
ground. There is inuch talk of Foraker
1S a.I posile dark ho-se in event of an
irreonell .-be contest between Blaine and
raan. The satus of Elmunds is a
matter of senation. The chances :1
Harrson, ci 'Ina are coupled wit
tie resui of hi.s lrc.';!nt Senatorial con
u i the situation at ihis early
p'oinut of o'servatin thC sentiment of
i epublicans is very generdiv in favor of
a Western mau at the head o the ticket
Sith an Eastern man, some strong per
son irom New York, for the second
place. Jtudging from the talk of politi
C'ans on both sides the meeting of Con
gress will witness the laying of tth wires
'or the picking up of delegates by the
difterent aspirants for nomination, so as
to enter the convention with as good a!
showing as possible. From present in- i
dications Blaine's friends will control
the convention to a greater extent than
any one candidate, but whether he can I
control it as against the field may be
considered doubtfal, after the experience
of the mismanaged interests of the can
d idates in the field in 1884.
N1IH1LUST DEGAIEFF8 ESCAP'E.
Horrible Aceounts# of the Prisoner's Condition!
in the Siberian Mines.
The New York Sun's St. Petersburg
correspondent telegr.phs that he learns,
despite ofticial secrecy, that the police
have received a full confirmation from
Siberia of the reported escape of .1.
Degaieff, the famous Nihilist conspirator
who planned and assisted in the murder
of Lieutenant Colonel Sudeikin, the cheif
of police, and one of his staff, nearly
three years ago. The police have traced
Degaietf to Geneva, and have vainly
tried to wheedle the iwiss government
into extraditing him.
The police are getting nervous over
the frequent escapes from Siberia this
year. The few who have ventured to
return to St. Petersburg have been re
captured, but the majority iiave made
their way to Geneva and London, and
the pl6tting against the government has
been renewed with redoubled ferver.
Since June at least twenty Siberian pris
ouers have escaped, including two caval
r oI icers and several students, some of
em escaping by way of Cambodia.
. Lhe pree,.tions which are observed
throughout biberia are so stringent that
the -overnnient is persuaded that the
es could not have been effected
:without connivance with the prison
So great a commotion has been caused
by these repeated jail deliveries, that
special comission has been sent to Siberia
to inquire into their causes, and to re
organize the entire system of prison
government. A number of high officials,
under whose charge the escaped prisoners
were, have been suspended, and some
officers, who viere either criminally neg-'
ligent or else assisted in releasing the,
prisoners, have been arrested and thrown'
The reft gees report that the Siberian
prisons and mines are crowded with ex
iles. Disease is rampant, and scurvy is
especially severe. The mortality, the
say, is frightfl Theihilists ar geyt
lv excited and rejoiced over the many
espebt declare that they will not
stik aan until they are sure of their
M1. Degaieff, aias Jablonski, the Ni
hilist, whose escape is related above, has
had an eventful and checkered career.
He had been identified with Nihilism for
many years, but did not come promi
nentiv into notice until the murder of
General Streinikoff at Odessa. For his
connection with this crime he was trans
ported to Siberia, but escaped and
returned to St. Petersburg. There he
professed to have renounced Nihilism
and offered lhis services to Lieutenantt
Colonel Sudeikin, the chief of police for
the District of St. Petersburg, and soon
became his confidential spy. On the
night of December 18, 1883, De
gaietf was seated in a room with
Colonel Sudeiktin and his nephew,
an assistant detective, when, at a'
signal from Degaieff, the door was
suddenly thrown open and a shot fired1
at Colontel Sudeikin, which was immedi-.
ately followed by a blow on the head
with a crowbar. Sudeikin seized two.
heavy candlesticks and managed to se-'
verely wound one of his assailants before
he was finally overcome by the superi
ority of numbers and stabbed to death.
Meanwhile his nephew was struck down
and left on the floor mortally w unded.
Degaieff, with the assistance of the other
Nihilists, removed their wounded accom
plice, and all made their escape.
Degaieff made his way to Geneva and
afterward to London, where he intended
to embark for America. He was de
tined~ for some reason, and when next
heard of had been captured on llussian
soil and sentenced to Siberia for life.
.The murder of Colonel Sudeikin was
attributed to revenge for the arrest of
Smne. WXolkenstein, who went to St.
Petersburg from Kharkof for the pur
ose of murdering the Czar. Her arrest
was due to the energy of Colonel Sudei
kin and his nephew.
Don' W ~ant to. (heat the IHangman.
C'auwo O)ctober 20,.-AX rumo~r was
utrrent to-day that Ana rchiists Spies andl
Par-'ns ow i attempted suielde in their
celle. A reporter hurried to the jaiil, where
n am both ofte menlC~ alive and appar
eat.y L::ppy. Spies could not be aip
pro tic'd durin~g the hour of exercise for
- .)re Us ofwen-handsome-, stylish,
- nd renabe women too-albout him.
Paro"s'kent alool. and, with his little
daughter ou bis knee, readi his correspond
I nee at length. lie lamghed when lit last
bec reporter gained his attenttioni and ir.
' rmedl hIim of the rumor. "Whjy" he
-id " *u enn hear it always in mind qhat
neitr~\!r. Spies nor myself will enteit
tuch a niece of nonsense. As f~a as Ie
p ersonally concerned I want to live to. b
as old as Me:thusehih, and, furthermor'e. i
.don' w-am to swindle John Harper out of
ais jo. I.et me -see-ves, the hianonan
gets $25. How~ver, set it downtthatl will
M.\%1 RIUS IN N I .1 ili L!F E.
.Soml;e N4on"e "eddhjzin- in tIhe Early Par: of
the (e:-ury-Mtrimonia Connection% (or
Wahi; n am and JefTer ,on.
Ga~h inCi1 . t q r
v nr i'residcits have poor luck
with their iarriages;. Waiagton mar
red his adopted iI:ightir who was
L.is wife's grandchild to his own nephew,
and the last I 'Ieard of them was the sale
to the government of some of Washing
tons old furniture 1 the posteritv.
John Adams had a daughtir named
Abigail, who married a young revolu-:
ionar- officer named Smith. In taking
care of Smith, who was but mediocre,
Adamis incurred many enmities.
Tne ladies may be further interested
in the subject of the marriages of im
portant people. Mr. Jeilerson Lad very
interesting daughters, and they married
Virginia politicians around him, to very
little satisfaiction in at least one case.
Maria, the best looking of these gials,
died in 1804. Her husband had been a
sporting man and horseman, and it ap- ,
pears that both the sons-in-law of Jefter
son required endorsements, etc., which
brought the old man's gray hairs down
to mendicancy, in addition to his own
Aaron Burr, on the other hand, had
one daughter, and she made a brilliant
marriage, but it was her father who in
volved her and her husband in his un
scrupulous financial and political tricks,
mined her husband, and when she em
barked from South Carolina with her
ehild to seek her father,; she met some
where in this world an agonizing death.
It is a legend that pirates took the vessel
and made this brilliant young woman:
nd her child walk the plank. No evi
cence, however, exists on the subject,
except hearsay; at that time there were
privateers and )LratCs.
The most brilliant marriage ever made
in the political circles of the country in
the times of Washington was that of Ann
Willing to William Bingham. They
married early in those (lays, especially
where there was money, and Ann Will
ing married at sixteen. Her husband
was descended from a Qnajier black
mith, but his family had for four gen
rations made prosperous marriages, and
:luring our revolutionary war the hus
band got out of the country and held a
position of half British, half American
:onsul in one of the West India islands
to which privateers resorted. He came
home very rich, and received as well the
Binghm" moneys, and he choose the
iaughter of Willing, who was president
f the United States Bank, and business
partner of lobert Morris. The Willings
were the iinest people in Philadelphia.
Secretary Bayaivrd is descended from one
)f them. ri - arried in her bloom,
the bide and M~ t to Europe
ma rea. -.......yLrs. They
were introuwed :-. court of the
F'rench king- 1-y ins Adius, and
the young niu was -r.-atly admired as
the rirst Amrica. ever sueti :eOroad.
When he returned, at the commence
ment of Washington's administration,
they built the finest hoase ever seen in
Philadelphia up to that time, and not
xcelled perhaps in the present day. It
was filled with the best furniture to be:
bought in France and the best pictures
from Italy. Along came young Baring,
the English banker. and saw the daugh
ter of this pair so superbly brought up,
with a town house and country house,
and he married her; and the larger por
tion of the Bingham property, which
amounted to $1,200,000 in money, went
to swell the capital of the Barings. The.
young mother, however, having lost
herself in society, caught cold in an imi
perfect dress one night, and was seized
with consumption, and she died in the
West Indies at an early age. She ha '
sister of whom great things was expect
ed, but along came a dissolute French'
nobleman, without any standing or pro
priety, and he tempted this girl to go
out with him one night, and he kept ne
out all night, to the horror and wonde
of the town, and then made a comnpro
mise with her parents whereby they gave
him money to send her home; she wa
divorced by the Legislature, her father
having become United States Senator,
and so little was made of the matter by:
the Baring family that she was solicited:
in marriage by lier brother-in-law Bar-:
ing, and after living with him until his
decease she married another French!
nobleman and passed out of notice.
President Taylor's daughter ran away~
with Jefferson Davis. President Mon
roe's daughter married her cousin, and
they have left some descendants at
Wahington and some in the State of
Mariand. Nellie Grant is the last!
President's daughter to draw attention.
She saw a young, bright-faced English
man on a steamship and fell in love with
him without much reason or inquest,!
and he turned out to be ap>parently a
sort of boys' companion, hrdly ever
looking up to the dignity of acquaint
ance with grown men. He therefore
seeks his pleasure up in London, when:
he has any money to spend, and she
stays at home with her baby.
The marrnage of Blaine's son is a tes
timony to the beauty, modesty and
sweetness of Mrs. Nevins, the mother of
the bride, who has been too much es
teemed on all these points for her daugh
ter to pass into nothingness. In this
case we know what the poet means when!
A thing of beauty is a joy forever;
Its loveliness increases; it will never
Pass into nothingness, but still will keep.
An Acquittal or Murder D~oes' Not atopi Trial
:IT:eo. (Otober 1'6.-The Supjre10ce
(ourt1to- *ay renadered a deI5ciso in the
cse of Jams W. Ih lns ('1 M\ercer
cmun:. Icie ::d be chted on1 tria
Cout .ve uldI : d '. icon
vcted. I-et .fcl: i 'h irume Courlt
reversedc andi& ..- set it aibeny . bu
quentlyhe wci'as arrestedl .and tried and con'
ieted'oa a charge of in:vunctary mancc
slater.~ct He- was sent !!r-t to pricn, but
afterwards.i .5ppealed for a scond( trial.
Judg~e Pa x-on renderedL~ thie decision of the
Curt- ad held that the acquittal of the
ig:her grade idt not precl!ude the Co~mmion
wealth from trying and convicting himn of
the lesser crime, which is a misdemeanor
and not a felony. Hlilands will conne
quntlylheve to serve out his term.
Celery and cranber-ries have come, and
the gobble-gobble of the t'rk-ey h heard io
TIMELY TLA F04 FAHMERS,
Green Frage iv .pinz-How to Counteract
(From i 1he Atizaii i
The hardier small grains, such as rye
and barley, -way be sown during this and
the next mouth. They are vaiuable as
soiling crops in early spring; barley
richer and more relislied by stock, rye
haraier and better adapted to poor land.
Where there is more rye than can be fed
in its green state, it is cut and cared as
hay, provided it is cut before the heads
are out. It becomes woody and hard
soon after the heads form, and is then of
little value. Barley may be allowed to
ripen, and be harvested and ..d like
oats. There is a general impression that
the beard is in the way of doirg tbis,
but a gentleman rocently informaed us
that he has fed barlev in the sheAf to his
horses for twenty years without ;njury;
that sometimes the )cards colEct be
tween the lips and jaws, but are easily
removed by the finger, and the animal
suffers no suecial inconvenience. We
are also reliably informed that unthresh
ed barley is quite commonly fed to
horses in California. Where one has
pretty good land, therefore, barley might
be sown as a substitute for fall oats, in
localities where the latter is very liable
to be winter killed.
But our special object in calling atten
tion to these crops is to present their
claims as means for preserving the fer
tility of soils. In the first place, a very
large portion of our lands are left bare
through the winter, with nothing to pro
tect them from being washed away by
the heavy rains of that season. A grow
ing crop, especially one with numerous
roots, tends to hold the soi! firnily. For
this reason alone, were there no other, it
would pay a farmer to sow from a half
bus1'el to three pecks of rye per acre in
his cotton fields at the last ploughing of
the crop. The rye, after havig done
its work of holding the soil, might be
grazed, or cut in the spring for soiling
purposes, or might be plowed under to
enrich the soil.
But there is another very important
work which a green, growing crop has to
perform, which is not generally or fully
appreciated. It is a great anti-leacher;
it prevents the washing out of the avail
ble nitrogen in the soil by rain water. I
The ultimate form which nitrogen as
sumes in the soil is nitric acid (aqua
fortis) and is found in combinition with
potash, soda, lime, tc., forming salts
known as nitrates. Now all nitrates areI
soluble in water, and besides a-e not held:
by rocks as phosphoric acid and potash
are. The nitrates are very easily washed
or leached out. This is not only capable1
of demonstration in a laboratory, but
bas been abundantly shown by collecting
the water from underdrains (tiles) and
analyzing them. It has been iound that
wlvre the water came from tiles under a
bare, waked piece of land, the nitrates in
it exceeded by a considerable quantity
that from tiles overlaid by a green, grow
ing crop. The growing crop appropri
ated and held the nitrates-the bare soil
let it go.
But this is not all. The frequent
plowing and stirring of the soil encour
ages the formation of nitrates-the i
soluble, inert forms of nitrogen in the
soil, are thereby changed into soluble
nitrates. Hence in autumn the soils of
our cotton fields are comparatively rich
in nitrates, and continue so until the
winter rain leaches them out. A cotton
field is not only, therefore, most liable
to washing, but most exposed also to!
greatest leaching. Above other fields
it needs the protection of a growing crop
through the winter and early spring. it
is not too late yet to give it this protec
tion. Sow rye now, and continue to
sow, if needs be, till the first of iDecemi
ber. Sow southern raised or home;
seed-that from the northwest will not
give satisfactory results. Even if a field
is intended for corn the next year, sow
it in rye now and turn it under next*
spring. Farmers think it right to sow!
and plow in peas for enriching land in
summer; let them try the same thing
with rye in winter. It will cost no more,
and probably do more good. P'eas in
crase the supp~ly of availaible nitrogen
in the soil; rye will hold that already:
present and prevent its loss. Fields coy
ered with winter grasses are neither
washed nor leached-they increase in
fertility. Let us bring our summer cui-!
tivated lands as nearly as possible into
the same condition by clothing them in
winter with a carpet of green. w. n. J.
A Gor;;eous Rival of senator Tabor.
A young lady who has just returned
from a long western trip says that the
most entertaining feature of the whole
excursion was Lord X, a distinguished;
elderly Englishman, and his baby-blue
nightgown. Lord X traveled with a
valet, of course. He retired to bed on
the palace car quite early, and every
night withdrew to the masculine pre-1
serves at ene end of the car and had hisl
valet undress him and rig him for the
night. When all was done he marched
down through the aisle to his section at
the oth. r end of the car magnificently
arrayed in a baby-blue flannel night
gowin that hung to"' his feet and had a
beautiful frill at the neck. Upon his
head was a white knitted nightcap, and
his rosy countenance and his yellow side
whiskers helped, with the valet follow
ing behind with his lordship's day
clothes on his arm, to make up a .i'ture
never to be forgotten.
His lordship's bathtub came with him
all the way from San Francii o to New
York, but as to whether it was ever used
on the sleeping-car journey the Boston
lady deposeth not.-Boston Record.
aim ,.-~:ij: a Maontue Ofeet.
Loe IVuI1.:I. K r.. c tober 2C.-The
(ramd hedge ofk Ki,:ucky. F. and A. 3L,
prewa.t, audl ie iterest in~ the prioceedings~
ws're.. Grand i:i e r B. G. Wett
11dLl be aimbag-too:dr at J 0'clock.
Th greater' part of :he mo'rn 'essioni
was cons-utued inl hiearing comi1ttee re
the growth :md poi'sperity of the fraternit:
therefore. h it
...,7a. T hat the: bulsiness of s:alool
keeping heieed a MIasonic oiLTnce, an
pu'shilea other ofTenees contrary to th.
rules of the order.
A7 AVO1sTATE FO LU E.
Brooklyn. Married Priest TeNs 11 y lie Left
(F:cm the New York Star.)
The Rev. Wm. J. Sherman, the priest
of Red Hook Point, whose marriage
with Miss Tillic McCoy a short time
since created such an exeitement in Ro
man Catholic circles, yesterday receiveud
a reporter in the little house where he is
now living with his wife, and ft'r the first
time told how he was led to change his
happiness hereafter for the enjoyment of
matrimony in ihe present. Dr. Sherman
has lost much of his priestly appearance.
His hair is longer and brushed straight
up from the forehead, his mobile lips are
shadowed by a heavy moustache, and the
suavity of thes piritu.d adviser his giver
place to the lrank, hearty manner of ro
"I left the Catholic Church becausc I
was in love," he said. "I had known
Miss McCoy for sixteen years, and when
I was a priest called on her often in a
friendly way. When I found that I loved
her I proposed to her. She accepted me,
and we were married. I was not drugged
or made drunk, but was married with my
eyes wide open, and have lived happily
with my wife ever since. After our mar
riage we went immediately to Boston on
our honeymoon, and stayed there until
Jul5 6, when we came back to Brooklyn
for a few days. I then took my wife to
Philadelphia, where I obtained employ
ment, through Councilman McCullough,
of that city, as clerk in the Ohio Rail
road office. We stayed there about two
months, boarding in the Girard House.
"At the end of the second month I
received a letter from my wife's uncle,
sking me to return to Brooklyn, as he
thought I could do better there. We re
turned on the 28th of last month, and I
found that my wife's uncle wanted me to
go and see a wvell-known Baptist clergy
man, whom he thought would befriend
me. I went to see the reverend gentle
man, and, after he heard my story, he
sked me if I wouldn't like to join the
Baptist Church. I did not answer this
guestion for some time, until, in fact, I
thought it over thoroughly. In the
meantime, I mingled with Baptist peo
le and went to their meetings, and the
:nsequence is that I am now studying
for the Baptist ministry and expect to be
:rdained some time in January. Of
ourse my plans are not definite as yet,
and I have no special church in view, but
if I am accepted and ordained I will go
wherever the conference decides to send
me. A number of othcr people have
been after me to join the Independent
atholic Church, whatever that is, but I
ave finished with the Catholic religion.
"How do my people feel in regard to
my marriage? Well, I haven't been
,ome since, but I have seen my father,
mnd he is reconciled. Of course some;
atholics feel bitterly toward me, but
hse threats of shootng don't trouble
ne in the least. I am perfectiy fearless
md can defend myself. Finalv I will
ay that my marriage and departure from
he church were entirely my own doing,
md no one le la anything to do with
;hem. I am ready alone to stand the
onsequences, whatever they may be."
RAPID RUNNIG BY RAIL.
!lon a Train Traveled Three llund:ed Miles an
(From the San Francisco Chronicle.)
When George Stevenson asserted his
ibility to run passenger coaches at a
pced of twelve to fifteen miles an hour,
cientific and practical men deemed him
It for a lunatic asylum, but time has
shown that trains may be run at a much
preater velocity without materially add
Lg to the dangers of railway travel. The'
ight of the fast express on the Penn
sylvania railway is a marked example of
he possibilities in the way of sustainig
1gh rates of speed. This road now runs
he fastest train in America. Nine hun
red and twelve miles, includmng seven.
stops, are accomplished in 251 hours,
md the average time is 36.30 miles an
hour. A portion of the distance is run
t the rate of 75 miles an hour. At a,
speed of 60 miles an hour the driving
wheels of the locomotive on tis traim
make 2581 revolutions a minute. Win.
Vanderbilt's spurt of 831 miles in 61 min
ates on the New York Central is declared
o be the highest rate of speed ever at
ained in this country, but this speed
was not a surprise to good engineers,
many of whom are firm in the belief that
100 miles an hour will yet be accom
plished on American roads..
Thirty-one years ago Colonel Mciggs
read a paper before the New York Farm
rs' Club on "Future Traveling," in
which he expressed the belief that rail
road cars could be safely propelled by,
steam at the rate of 300 miles an hour.~
He said: "The Emperor of Russia has~
taken the first great step toward what II
eem the ultimatum of railroad travel.I
nstead of cutting what I call a mere
rill through the country and going'
around everythiag in the way for a
straight line, he has cut a broad way for
500 miles from St. Petersburg te Mos
eow. He has made it all the way 200
feet wide, so that the engineer sees
everything on the road. This is part of
the future-the railroad from point to
point with a mathematical line; the rails
ten times stronger than are now used,
the locomotives on wheels of far greater
diameter; the gauge of a relative
breadth; the signals na'. times perfectly
settled; the roads on oth sides durng
the transit of txains having the gate of
the walls all closed-then instead of'
traveling 100 miles an hour, we shall
more safely travel :300 miles an hour.~
One of the latest elloits at improve
ment in locomotives is that of a Freuch
man named Estrade, who has construct
ed an engine which he calls La P'arisi
enne. La Parisienne, when watered and
fired, weighs 42 tons. Its driving wheel.,
six in number, are 8; feet in diamneter.
The cylinders atre outside, with valve
boxes on the. top. The di ameter of each
ylinder is 18 incs and the length of
stroke is 2 fect and :. inches. This en
gine is built for high speed, and wiil
carry a pressure of *200( ponus to the
square inch above the atmosphere, or an
absolute pretsure of 21~> pounds. Es
trade's engine is designed to run at the
average rate of 78 miles an 1or
It is sail thait thet '-est notw mlllun th
ong ladlies is a liui!e brush broomn. TEi
bA u~e to) diue the coas of thiLr lovers
where they have laid their preu-ty ptowderedI
It is~ conjhectured thalt theC reticenlce of th
War D~enartmuent is6 owng to 'tie fac. aU:
it is waiting for Geronimos repo rt onf Gen.
A '--AD COt RT SCEE.
To LiUtle Rov.4 Accusern or Their Father-A
Thrillin; *empc'erance Lecture.
From the PhimelcphiaL Tcegaph.;
A manly little fellow of twelve years,
with a roand bright face and dark eyes,
and dressed in a neat Knickerbocker suit,
walked erect and rapidly toward the
clerk in tPe court of over and terminr
in Jersey City yesterday. He had his
hand on thc Bible, and promised to tell
the truth. the whole truth, and nothing
but tie truth.
A man of forty years, plainly but neat
ly attired, intently watched "the child.
He had shuddered when the name was
called by Prosecutor Winfield, and ner
vously squeezed his black felt hat as the
child-was sworn. An expression in which
admiration and fear were blended came
over his face as his eyes noted the bright,
ready demeanor of the boy.
The spectators looked on the scene
with wrapt attention, for they knew that
the boy was to tell how his mother was
murdered, and that 'the murderer, the
man, was his father.
James Collins and his wife led a cat
and-dog life for many years. On May
17 last-a Sunday-they quarreled. Th'e
next morning the wife was found in bed
dead, her nursing babe at her side.
Forty wounds were counted by County
Physician Converse on her body. The
occurrences - f that Sunday were known
in part to the two boys; fully, only to
The prisoner's counsel offered a plea
of manslaughter, which was refused. A
consultation and another long conference
with Judge Knapp and the prosecutor
followed. The counsel for the defense
evidently did not desire to assume the
risk of a trial. They offered to plead
guilty to murder in the second degree.
The plea was reluctantly accepted by the
court, and the accused faintly but gladly
whispered "Yes" when asked if he re
tracted his plea of not guilty. Then
Collin's son gave testimony to determine
if there were mitigating circumstances.
Several witnesses had testified that both
husband and wife were quarrelsome.
Patrick did not realize that he was
homeless and almost friendless, but fre
quently looked affectionately at his fath
er, and once smiled in return as a faint
smile of pride at the intelligence of his
boy stole for a moment on the face of
the father. Patrick did not see the fatal
assault. He left his wretched home at
10 o'clock on Sunday morning because
his father and his mother had been
drinking and he feared trouble. He re
mained away until 8 o'clock that night.
Tears moistened his cheeks and he
sobbed as he described how on his re
turn le went to his mamma's bed. He
thought she was asleep. He was hun
gry, and shook her to arouse her as he
asked for a slice of bread. He could not
wake her, and went into his father's
room. His papa was awake and told him
"mamma was dead." The child again
wept when he related how, the night be
fore, his mother had tried to push his
father down stairs because he would not
give her his wages; but the tears were
chased away by smiles when he enumer
ated the articles his father bought that
Saturday night for him and his brothers.
Martin, his brother, who is a year
younger, was also called. Like his broth
er, Martin has an attractive face. He is
of fai complexion, and has blue eyes.
He showea not the least nervousness or
fear. He seemed to admire his father,
md was disposed to cast the blame on
his dead mother. In his testimony he
told how that Sunday morning his moth
er fell, and in her rage broke the stove
with a hammer. She sent him for
whisky. He broke down as he said "I
didn't want to go." In a moment he re
covered and resumed: "She said she
would kill me stone dead if I didn't go."
He brought her a bottle of whisky, and
she drank it. He left her asleep in the
rocking-chair at half-past 5 in the after
noon. His father wvas sleeping in the
bed at the time. When he returned
home three hours later his mother was
dead. He voluntarily told of several
fights in which his mother was the ag
gressor, and reluctantly described those
mn which his father was at fault. As he
eft the stand and passed his father, the
father muttered: "God bless you, my
son-God bless you!"
County Physician Converse selected
Patrick's baseball bat as the weapon with
which the death blow was probably in
The defendant submitted a written
statement. He was remanded for sen
tence. The extreme penalty is twenty
years at hard labor in State prison.
What disposition to make of the two
boys puzzles Prosecutor Winfield, who
is greatly attached to them, and is loath
to have them sent to any institution.
They will be detained for a few days in
the hope that suitable homes may be
A Britihh Reamler Peril.
Fl'om the New~ Ud:e ms Tfimn-Democrat.)
Captain Baker, on his last trip from
Liverpool to New Orleans, met with an
exciting expecriene'. It was on the fore
nioon of September 24, as his ship, the
British steamer Rled Sea, was off the'
Azores. 'The mnorning was clear and
bright, but the vessel began to labor
heavily, and was put under storm sails.
The sea became rough. while the wind
blew a living gale. The barometer flue
tuated by jumps; the compass was af
fected. Suddenly the vessel received a
terrific shoek that racked her from stem
to stern. She appeared to bump the
bottom and wa.s thrown on her beam ends,I
but righted almost ininediiately. All
hands rushed on deck to witness the ap-1
p:ling sight of a mountain of water of
the port bow roiling down upo~n them.
T1hie ve ssei was headed bow on at the tre
menidous billow, and as she struck it
ctod sternm end, rode it gallantly,
uithing over it as from a precipice into
the" troughi w i below. The rudder
au'1 th" 'mop lier were hoisted far out of
the wateir, the boats swung in the davits,
the vards creaked overhead, the masts
strained and twisted, and the coal on
deck e . scattered from one end to the
oher. She came up out of the terrible
trou- h, sho anm instemut, righted herself,
shipinig but. little wvater, sustaining no
material damag~e, and plunged ahead on
his w-r Captain Baker is positive that
hstsmiden and dangerous dilemma was
the resrit of an earthqiuake, and if his
ship had been heavily laden he would
never have ridden it out in safety.
CAPITAL PUNISHMENT IN CHINA.
It Depends Often on an Officer's Whim, and
May Be Met by Proxy.
(Ben Ton in the Columbia Jurist.)
In China capital punishment often de
pends upon the whim of the officer of
the law. Here is an instance: Pen Ta
Ren, the Rear Admiral of the Yangtze
district, was passing up that district and
chanced to overhear a quarrel between a
boatman and a soldier over the matter of
two cash-the price of ferriage across a
small siream. The Admiral took in the
situation. The soldier had been ferried
over the stream, and then refused to pay
the poor ferryman. There was a princi
ple involved. A large number of sol
diers were looking on and apparently
enjoying the ferryman's rage at the loss
of his wages. An example was needed,
and the "Great Man," as his name signi
fies, who was incognito, being on a tour
of personal inspection, ordered the sol
dier beheaded, which was done on the
Willful murder, piracy and confirmed
thieves fall under the headsman's axe. In
fanticide, however, is not included as
murder. The parent, by Chinese law,
has the right of life over his own child;
hence the practice of female infanticide.
Adultery fails under the life penalty at
the will of the aggrieved party. Thus, a
husband detecting his wife in adultery
can go to the magistrate and demand the
espital punishment of one or both par
ties to the crime, or he may take the
lives of the offenders himself and not be
amenable if he can prove the fact. If,
however, he fails to substantiate the
crime alleged, he is held guilty of mur
der and punished accordingly.
Capital punishment can be met by
proxy an, the law be satisfied. It is not
uncommon, therefore, when a man of
money is sentenced to death, that he can,
by the use of money, secure a stay of
proceedings long enough to obtain a
substitute. This is done by malring an
offer of one, two or more hundred
"Itaels" (ounces of silver, about 1331
cents, our standard) for a substitute.
Some impecunious family, often having
200 or 300 male members, as the patn
archal plan of domestic economy pre
vails, will agree among themselves that
they will furnish a substitute for the
proffered sum. Lot is then cast to de
termine the victim, and the doomed man
accepts hisfate with stoical indifference
upon the ultra predestination theory that
his time has come, else the lot would not
have fallen to him individually. He ac
cordingly presents himself to the court,
and the convicted man dies by proxy,
while the family of the deceased enjoy
the proceeds of the arrangement.
Specimens of War Humor.
A good story is told on a young recruit
who recently enlisted at Camp Hancock,
near Atlanta. The young fellow joined
the army while the country was threat
ening war with Mexico and he intended
to make a good soldier. One day he was
on guard duty and was slowly steppng
along when an officer approached. After
the usual salute the officer said:
"Let me see your gun."
The raw recruit handed over his
Springfield rifle and a pleased expression
stole over his face.
As the officer received the gun he said
in a tone of deepest disgust:
"You're a fine soldier! You've given
up your gun, and now what are you go
ing to do?"
The young Atlantian turned pale and'
reaching for his hip pocket drew a big
six shooter and preparing for business
said in a voice that could not be misun
"Gimme that gun or I'll blow a hole
through you in a pair 'r minutes!"
The offcer instantly decided not to
"monkey" any further with the raw re
ruit, and the gun was promptly surren
This story brings to mind one that is
told of a Confederate guard who was
once on duty over in South Carolina.
An offcer was discussing war matters
"You know your duty here, do you,
"Well, now, suppose they should opn
on you with shells and musketry, wiit
would you do?"
"Form a line, sir!"
"What! one man form a line?"
*"Yes, sir; form a bee line for camp,
One day Beauregard, with several les
ser lights, came upon a sentinel who had
taken his gun entirely to pieces and was
greasing lock, stock arnd barrel. The
great general looked like a thunder
cloud, but neither his fashing uniform
nor the scowl on his face had any effect
on the sentinel, who quietly proceeded
to rub a piece of his gun.
"Say," remarked an offier, "that's
Beauregard there; he's a sort of a gen
"All right," said the unabashed senti
nel; "if he'll wait 'till I get this gun to
gether I'll give him a sort of a salute."
It w'as the Saute Girl.
This world is full of queer things that
one never gets on to. Now, you can
come down past a big boarding house in
the morning. A young fellow meets you
and he's whistling about the nightingale
singing of you-of you, you know-and
you think how merry and free from care
he is. You hear a window open. You
don't put tha two things together at all,
but if you look up you'll see a girl wav
ing her handkerchief, and you'll notice
if you look back that the man has
stopped whistling andis waving his hand
vigorously. Then you'll meet another
fellow. He's whistling a bit of "Il
Trovatore" in a careless, happy way.
You happen to glance up) and you see a
irl waving her handkerchief, and he
stops5 whistling and takes off his hat,
throwing up a smile that goes up higher
than the water from a fire engine. A
little later you'll meet another man. He
has a had cough, a very bad cough, but
he gets b etter, squints up skyward and
waves his hand, and a girl drops a smile
upon him. It's all the same girl, but the
men don't know of one another's exist
ence. and some day there will be a fight
for all those men will give the signal at
the same time and they'll flind it out.
San Francisco Chronicle,
Elephants have very goca memories;
they can always remember what is in their
-ra~ke. Thrnt i& more than h. eiris 'nn do,