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TIOUGIITS FOR TlE MONT1l.
WOME PEA*-ONABLE 8tG(EsTioN%% FRoMi
lItil . IATHOR 1TV.
What Work the Good Farmer% ?hontad Do inl
the lonth of Novenboer--An intereting= trti
ele From an t:ellizentt '% riter.
(W. L. Jones in the XNowvvcuCiva. >
In the southern portions of the cotton
belt, oats and wheat may still be sown;
in some sections it is the best time to
start these crops. But in the northern
portions of the belt. it is too late to sow
anything but wheat, rye and barley-too
late for clover and the winter grasses.
Cotton planters delay the sowing of
wheat. until the cotton is picked out,
both because, while that work is progress
ing it absorbs all the avaihble labor, and
because wheat usually follows cotton, and
the plougi-ing in cannot be done till the
cotton is out of the way. This makes
the sowing of wheat come on a little later
than is desirable. Fear of the fly justi
fies delay till after frost, but the sooner
after frost wheat is sown the better. The
plant needs time, while the weather is
still mild to develop roots and push them
well into the soil and get a g(,,d strong
foothold. Some think that deep cover
ing of grains makes them stand cold
better; our observations do not accord
with this belief. Wheat, oats, etc., have
little stem beneath thesurface-if covered
deep they soon throw out a circle of roots
near the surface and the part below dies.
But while the stem does not extend down
wards much, the roots may, and often do,
penetrate the soil to considerable depths.
'h' not only establishes the plant firm
ly, but puts the ends of the roots (which
are their main food-absorbing part) be
yond the reach of the severest cold. In
our climate the ground is not often fro
zen more than two or three inches; onl
in very extreme cases does the freezing
extend to a depth of five or six inches.
Root growth, therefore, can go on most
of the time during winter; and this it
does, though the part above ground
makes little proores. The roots are
gathering materl and lapping the foun
dation during the winter for a vigorous
growth of -the plant in early spring; and
thisis just what is needed, in our climate,
to hasten maturity and escape the rust.
The greater yield of fall, as compared
with spring oats, illustrates the advant
ages of this root growth during the latter
part of autumn and through the winter.
The part above ground may be sharply
cut down by the cold, but that which is
beneath ano at the surface goes on accu
mulating and storing material out of
which the stalk, blades and ear rapidly
develop in the spring: just as the flower
ing stalk of a turnip shoots up in a few
days from its enlarged underground root,
in which material for growth had been
stored the preceding autumn.
It is gratifying to note an increasing
desire and disposition among our farmers
to raise needed supplies at home. Bread
and meat head the list of these, and as
we are a wh at-eating people, it is ex
tremely desirable that varieties adapted
to our climate should be discovered or
developed. Everv plant we cultivate
does, or may, acquire special adaption to
any locality in which it can grow at all.
Note the varietics of corn North and
South, the rust proof oat of the South
and the several kinds at the North. Rve
from the'Northwest f.ils utterly in t.e
South, even though one cannot detect
any difference in appearance of seed or
other parts of the plant. The same holds
in case of fruite and vegetables. With
these facts before us, is it unreasonable
to suppose that a variety or varieties of
wheat might be developed at the South,
thoroughly adapted to its soils and cli
mats ? Why should wheat form an ex
ception ? It'has been localized in other
portions of the world ; the Mediterra
nean wheats grow~n for centuries in south
ern Europe and -in -Egypt arc marked
vsarieties compared with those northern
regions. Why may not the cotton States
have corresponding varieties adapted to
them ? If farmers would examine their
wheat fields carefully before harvest, and
when rust prevails gather the heads of
those stalks which are entirely or most
nearly free from rust, sow the seed from
these by themiselves the next season, and
again select as before, and continue
doing thus for a few years, we have little
doubt a rust-proof variety could be es
tablished. Further selection of the most
prolific stalks with best developed seed
would carry the improvement still fur
ther. Time would be saved and chances
of success increased by starting with
have already become accustomned to warm
In the meantime, those varieties may
be sown which the concurrent testimony
of a neighborhood shows to have succeed
ed best in it. As stated before, the seed
iug down should be done as early in No
vember as possible. Wheat follows ect
ton admirably, and the highest, dryest'
land should be selected for it. The sur
face soil, to a depth of three or four
inches, should be brought into the finest
tilth by plowing, rolling and harrowing.
Whatever man~ure is used should be thor
oroughly incorporated with this surface
soil. If cotton seed is applied, it should~
be plowed in with the wheat. Commer
eial fertilizers may be plowed in shallow
or harrowed in. In olden times, dfty
bushels of cotton seed to the acre was re-i
garded as a safe guarantee of a good
crop, even on poor land. Thirty busliels
of cotton seed and one hundred and fifty
pounds of acid phosphate per acre is
preferrable to fifty bushels of seed alone.,
Three hundred pounds of cotton seed
meal is about equivalent to thirty bush
els of seed, and may be substituted in
place of them. The above quantities of
manure may be applied at the time of
seeding. In the spr1inig it may sometimes'
be desirable and profitable to give a
light top-dressing of phosphates, nitrate
of soda and kainit or salt. During win
ter it is well to roll wheat with a heavy
roller, after every unusually hard freee
as soon as the ground isentirely thawed.
The freezing, even when it does not lift
the plant out of the ground, destroys
the necessary contact of the roots with 1
the soil, and interferes with their absorp- I
tion of water food.
If, by the use of pro'per sieves, the~
small, imperfect grains are removed ~
from the seed whieat, one bnishel of seed
is enough for an acre. Well trained
hands can sow seed very uniformly, but
as a rule it would pay a farmer to have a
seed- sower. Some of these arc cheap
enough to be within the rech of all, and
the rapidity and uniformity oftheir sow
ing so on pays for them. Irregular sow
ing and irregular covering, so that a pare
of the young plants die out frob. over
crowding, and a part of the seed never
conmes up from bein~g covered with elod-s
or something else, have caused a great
waste of seed. It is probabile that fromi
small, defective seed, irregular sowing
and improper c'overing, one-fom-th or
more of the seed sown is practically lost.
plow in lightly-not more than two
inches. if necessary harrow-and finish up
by rolling the land.
The frequent destruction of fall oats
by cold has discouraged the fall sowing
of oats and a partial substitute is very
desirable, especially in the northern por
tions of the cotton belt. Barley appears
to be the best within reach. It is very
hardy; seldom injured by cold and
supplies a very excellent feed for horses.
Th.e unsettled question is, in what shape
and how to feed it? We have seen it
stated that, in California, horses are
turned loose on a stack of barley as cows
are upon a stack of hay or straw. After
barlev is threshed and the beard is
1)roken off the grains, the lath-r could cer
taiyiv be fed like anv other grain. ('an
not sone reader throw the light of ex- I
periece on this point y If barley is
sown on ordinary land without fertiliza
tion, not more than one and a L:df or
two bushels should be sown on ain acre
and November is a good month to sow it
when the object is not grazing or soiling,
but the production of grain and straw.
It should always. however, he sown on
the best land that is available, and more
or less manuring will pay. as it does on
almost every crop. As there is great cer
tainty of not being winter killed and the
cr, p is as free from casualties as any
grown, one can very trumtingly :xply
manure to it. Since writing the above,
Judge .Betts, the Commissioner of Agri
culture of Alabama, has informed us
that for twenty years he has raised barley
for horse-feed in northern Alabama with
great success, and feeds it just as lie
fccds sheaf oats. With barley as with
rye, it is important to sow home-grown
seed-. Most of the seed obtained from
the North is spring-raised, and will not
do well in our climate. The M1ay biras
are the greatest enemy to this crop.
They usually pass through our section
whei the barley is in milk, and prove
quite destructive. Boys and shotguns
are the best remedies.
As cold weather approaches, suitable
provision should be made for the care of
stock. Close barns and cellars are rarely
needed in our warm climate ; but shelter
from cold rains and barriers against cold
winds are imperatively called for. Sim
ple shelters planked up, or even well
brushed up on the north and west sides,
will answer every purpose. They may
be constructed of poles, to be had on
every farm, and covered with plank roofs,
whiih can be taken down when the win
ter is over and stored away under shelter
until the next season. Thus managed,
they will last a very long time.
The usual practice in feeding "rough
ness" is to throw it on the ground, and
let the cows pick over and tramplo upon it,
and the tramping usually exceeds the
picking. It is a most wasteful practice.
A better, and at same time inexpensive
and convenient method is to have racks,
with the slats near together-not wide
enough apart to admit the cow's nose,
but onIly its tongue, so that it can pull
out only a little at a time. It not only
prevents waste from forage being pullei
out and trod under foot, but enables
the animals to tear off pieces small
enough to be chewed-to divide a shuck,
for instance, into several mouthfuls.
It is also very desirable to supply ani
mals with water, not too cold during
cold weather. Cows drink a large quan
tity of water, and when the latter is
nearly at the freezing point, it has to be
warmed up in the stomach by animal
heat-raised,, say forty to one hundred
degrees. Now, animal heat is generaata
from food, and if an animal drinks much
cold water, it must eat more food where
with to warm it. If practicable, water
should be conducted in a pipe, soniie dis
tance underground, from a spring to the
lot. It would thus get within reach of
animals at a temperature of about sixty
degrees. Such an arrangement would
also insure animals against the neglect
of servants in supplying water or of sup
plying it regularly. if one considers
the time consumed in drawing water
from a well and carrying it to animals,
or in leading animals to a watering
trough day after day and year after year.
Low long" would the labor and time
thus expended run up a bill of costs in
excess of that of the piping and other
fixtures requisite to convey it warm and
fresh to every stall?
The remaiks about warni water for
stock apply with eiual force to warm
food as against eolii. The practice of
cooking food, which at one ime was
largely practiced, from the belief that
its nutritiousness and digestibility were
largely increased thereby, has advantage
in the matter of heat, though shown by
expeiment not to be superior to un
cooked food in other respects. Under
some circumstanices it might be more
economical to warm the food of cows in
e:tremely cold weather by cooking or
steaming, than to have the animal warm
it by consnmaiig more food. As a rule
wod and coal are ce.per than forage
It is sometimes the ease that cooking
or stearning is decidedly advantageous
by imparting the flavor of the more
palatable to that which is less so, in a
mixed ration. Wheat str-aw, for instance.
abounds in hydro-carbons, but is de
icient in nitrogen ; cotton seed meal
aiouids in nitrogen ; the t wo supple
ment ceen other and make a good feed.
tut if fed selparately. an animal would
nt eat the straw well because it is not
palatable food ; it is defective in &a.or.
The quantity of cotton seed meal prop
er for an animal is too snmall to be mixed
well with cle~ necessary amount of straw,
even when tha latter is cut up. But
steaming will impart the davor of the
meal to as much ~straw as is desira.ble.
Te compounding of dlifferent kinds of
feed in pr-oper proportions, is not only1
desirable for- the health and thrift of
animals, but extreracly important in an
econ.mical point of view. Excess of
any one ingredient of food above its due,
proportion is not appropriated by the
nimal, and ispractically lost. The sub
ject is too large, iwever, for develop
ainent here, and must to rece~rved for a
Ti National Gran;;c.
Puui.I. I'inu. Noveamler 11.-The Na
.'nai Grangc of Pa'rons ot Heisbandry
>pened~ the morning work of the seondi
!y's session with the continuation of the
:all of the roll of 31asters of State Gr-anges, I
rho report con the condition of the $tate
)dies under their suipervision. The ma
rity of the reports 'sioted the Statc
dies to be in a flourishing conditioi..only
i ew giving evidence of falling~ olf in itn
crest and wo.rk. The best report was pre
zntd by the .Ma;ter (Grangrer if 3Maine.
here exi~ts the best orgaci;'ation aind
:rest inecase in membership. as well as
hbes: methods for carrying on the work
. the Order. U'pwards of 500 delegates
wre present, nearly half of them women.
T "pinhole ciamera" is a novelty in
dhotography. It is a little tin box two
Thes in diameter and three quarters of an i
ne dop Simple as the construction is-.
ive, and a pinhoic in the eover for the
thb to enter. sonme interestig' w'ork may
edue with the instrument. 1
Leading musicians are v -vocatintr a lower
uscal pitmh. W' hope~ thei eats wille
TiHE WTi'ATE FAIR.
Scamic Aerount 0' lhe AnunIttal Fahtilczoil a 11he
1-4en1e CapI iftal.
(FI n. :xi.- C i -. Dc'x-w .
:11M T D.\ Y.
ThI ighenth annual exhibio of dhe
Sluth Car. lina rIr - a
ie 1 .Socitcy gs i: on tihl, ih. r - a
ausibis ini with brig- a prs Ic
openrin:i vr t'y c ;-rans 0 i :! 'ue: ei(,
b1(t11, in x hev rie;i an o in- cuensie41 tt f
thle dlisqplyv in lwvario, d p I I;-:.
The tienbcanc( k t daty h::s ben tli.
I,,a to what il wa'1:1 ' n ngay
la-zt Year. Ti - t l \ al' I'cvl .Ir , p : .ave
hId tir arryiingth e::p:w'yV t 'i
1'Ii C Ie teing I lg. 'nDNs e d
whie arrs th vior'sit auemiA itim
andt catc penin vbt . F . 1 oi.
deyrc men :siliglh, iherdsoy i
u:,uafly inf;x fair .:raundV . . .i:c
b rA-ir :en ce. Tihe a: 7: % r. aT
nilxlber Of .sd -h w .j;'i . e . ::di
iher :eii. Ianl re shmnt:' ct.he 'i'
tands't and plo'raphi tn. . whilc
theS a:round" are. Ic't noi Wcit ii i a w:.in
ami!winl 0 characters ain the i: >
mu.chtife and fn. as are uintey tO be
found. yet the 1u411e will l t ihting o
'oenter ing ditiw rm t h'lrxot
maic~il bid iing1tn dd the vtrianni at-e
comprehensivace Oi tlexh:t if tialle
trardenu Product-. Then. ;n'e ostW
'artn. around tihe wal'l of' te buihiing
an pol ttelly are ditd.vedin "('ete
ordicr evcry variet y of vegtle- . ee'eak
rootl, herbs a d products of thte arth.
aladnuie bees, 1-W in mheaF ami loo'e,
huge dHih l SeIet p'atoes. ihmenwe
turnip, Onions , peas,. 01 or Ill varieties .)
botens. r-ye, POatS batlety. mi. phlt.
Corn, lootse aw in the car.) ani others too
inmerous, to mnnon. .
iatiiCs depart iemar i the oazs be ic unarley.
Coton hiy, fodde r and oaieS Ne of
tle arnicles contained t r c.ard which
indlicate the name of thle exbN, ,o hhat
it is not practicable1% to .stueat thi, tinne who"
e exhibitors -are. A. Itixci' ote
ascertaied, howev'r. that riebo'siprn
resive and s;ucev'fl fre.3r ae
't. Crawford mnaes one of th laret and
most attractive diIlay'. to.0if bti e'en in th i-is
dcpartcnxi'i. -ie shows i( 1e< f 'ii
Wonderful prolidt corn and of ""Craorld
Premium uottn."e f th cotton
stalks. centainin seve-r:ll huntirednbs.
are hung along the cetrIf the rooma and
ther excited muth interctt :m d mml ntx'c
After atoending the2 sari the visitor
enters imimediately ito ihv inulies' reerva
tion. This is by long odds thle moszt at
tractive phU ntegoms pon tables
raned alon tern of tL ,-.l o:tlie 'lotr
are'the fancy articles, wich have beon
m11air tastefu lly arnmed. Hi re are iLak
e1hirns, n rzy uit. tidus. mcs. ru'
bakets, hats. pilOn'as. wtit e work. iarn
rein, dolman. hiods. fa:.oicy t wely.
mnCts, and ullndry other thing, neot evenl
the naes of which are tknown t he re
The. ladies arc! entitzled to mui.ch priefor
the admirale ex ibit they--%- mia''ke The re
porter was desirous of ment1ioning soeof
ie exhibitors by ne a'ni o tninuitely
sin the mor% uate v aitricles lley
display, but this cannot be done L,< emltjC(
names art "taced to the =gs and not even
that attenants or lnin'.s kan twt heir
AS uISuIA the-- ColIn Ia areitsn e
exelet hipay, but' :' only . liwcv oft
:u tiles are yet in p-o.sitir TJi H. Eo:,)
restAs descriptionr to tht ehiitti
l." thle tmiachine t Iry u e x'' ibit' s '
do not see so nmIIuerous1 An(r si)rctv
as eulId We hoed. but iy to-morrOW
Nw articles will c have biln plactl in po
If one wiS'eSt "ae the pou'ry ad
liv tck deartx'eit' thorou'tt'hiy '' mu'01t
hie pirepare to spei d "cIt cven'; ime' in mat'',i'-c
.ig the nspct!ion.t' 'F
Thei hiet tyesofth mstaproe
iitrains ofecaue te 'ciIt'i-e see iih tals.
iTh c xolk-eion of hor ti . l.tsii is wdrfiiy
nui. c'ai'ed sto i t oi'1010- hisn i abun
Thiec 1 h J lndoeti rec a 'n ain tai-ms, Ia!
omesk co 11 are dshowntinz vatiinunabert.Iti
ofl cine' stck. put thseoil v~r i'hrati
ioth Carlia, w' l('1 xhich prove th t e a
produce horsecs equl to Iianyin th worc!.tu
The'- repotr of Tx R'conoril' cimmt do
mos'tof thel articlestill ing abut~ in c l-x
Th oe gerl xpetto'hdt-a
w'I~ oulwuis a lan t eduee h
Facir gonds 'has been'lly rll"i.L
euurned, nhin could 111 tl e ake i twy
sxinc icthe i clo ou reporty-1'enhcy. anId
straw cutter. Howic & Sons exhibit cotton
ia'v is alwavs universally conceded
to be the cidiera during the State Fair,
On thi1 dav, big with the fate of South
Col' industries, our people are accus
tomed to ctrowd the capital city to its ut
mL And, to day is not unlike its yearly
pre-i-sors. T'lie incoming trains of yes
-.i -ftcrnoon and this morning were
Spasseners from all parts of
t1i . made a very perceptible in
cre::- in the ;tteidance to-day. The streets
t c ied with pedestrians, who create a
tIusy svcne. while extra 'busses are running
t. :iul fro to accoimniodate the additioial
CrW d. and the street cars and hacks are
I ining, iotny. Though 'standing room
il not the case, the attendance at the
-4r itl k ows a witrked increase, ani
Inly doles that of yesterday.
Thr% seevims to be an almost endless
h-yf Isplay, which puzzles the eye
in ; -t ills at steetiotn. oi our rounds
TlHE FANCY WoK 1EARTME.\NT.
ilure - hewildering mass of beauty pre
sis i1self, and pleaits the eve with varia
atcl colors. We noticed in this collection
a so'a c(iion, of patchwork. made by a
e-ntleani one in tapestry, by a lady: a
b) _sket of imitation coral, nmade of rice, and
enntaining fruit made of wax and resin.
b a iitll of si\ years; a map of England
:111 VWale worked in canvas: a Japanese
Mos-ic sota cushion, by a lady 78 years of
age: a M a neck scarf, knitted by a child
11 years. with crippled hands-all of which
are beauttiful specimens and most creditable
to the makers thereof. Among the quilts
wev observcrl patched silk quilts and crazy
Iuilts (if all descriptions. There is also a
loveiv one, crocheted by MIrs. W. W. Cut
b-r. of Orange.burg. This is an exquisite
piece of landiwork, and was spun at 3r.
eorg(e 11. Cornelson's factory from cotton
etilivated in the lady's yard.
FINE AlT .ND LITE:ARY DEP.AT.\ENT.
This department contains sonic excellent
pecimnas of painting, and pen and crayon
work. The Columbia Art School exhibit
of profile and architectural drawing is
ceitalek to that institution. EspeciallV
db, we nolice a pair of sheep, enlarged with
a pa at ora'ph. by a 15 year old child fron
: miaure copy, and a Iludson river scene
i.... Oil paintinms of all kind-.
"me of 1ten elegant specimens of art,
dtck tic wl'dls and delight the eye. There
i :s apom on the "Liberty Bell." by
M- . A. Pearson, of Greenville, S. C..
vhich hoiws considerable literary talent.
The photographic display, by Messrs.
Reking 'lad Hlennies. are very fine. An
elegant painting, by a lady from 3layes
vilfle. who has never received any instrue
iton, in art. bears witness to her skill and
Tu Hol'sEnoLt) DEt'.\itT.\-ENT
I ltttera iv a with ar'ticles that tempt
ml. p'-er bv. Wines, butters, breads,
take- pickl-. preserves and vegetables are
in~m profusi. The display of canned
pceches, apleCks and pears is particularly
'ie-. A dish of carved oranges preserved
in 1:466 by Miss Meana Fickling, of this
city, is worthy of observation.
-M: (.\T' PI. IP.AY
is one of the largest and finest ever seen
.rsurpassing all previous exhibitions of
tte kind. The arena was the scene of a
1 mos.t nagnificent display of cattle and
I ldehor es. The trotting stock and sad
di horses, as usual, attracted much atten
tention. the grand stafid and the space
aound bemng packed to witness them.
Yl i-: IESTAIt*RANTS
of te Pr e!yterian and Baptist churches
ppear to be doing a good business. The
eC lle~nt meal. served and the worthiness
of the cause should insure their complete
c The good ladies engaged in the
oivr 'k are attentive to all who come, and
tl:er zeal and earnest endeavors to lessen
te church debts should be practically ap
ecited. We recommiend all visitors to
the Fai to) bestowv their patronage in this
-elways paeced by crowds who love to
wa'tht the display and hear the hum of
migh trkigs 3 -n ohjects of inter
e *ar \eitbited here to the interest of
T lie poutltry disp~lay is great. Some of
tie line"t fowls tha:t we have ever seen are
Th e gla ss. ball shiotin2g in the rear of the
tronids was carried on thromghtout the
maorning, attracting quite a crowd of the
lo'ers of this sport.
- T he peripatetic photogr'aphers5 seem to be
dnga large busines's. The establishment
of3r. Otto Baars, of New York, attracts
crow d.-his pictures giving satisfaction to
Judging frm the constant stream pour
ing in :mnd out of the side shows the owners
thereof are taking in the shekels. "The
Thattle of Gettysburg" is visited by hun
tdreds5. who enjoy this magnificent repro
ducetioni of the great fight. All should see
The pyrotechnic display at thme State
I louse grounds to-night will, of course, he
itn~iessedl by many. It will conclude in
time for' a visit to the theatre, and after
yon have been under the firelight and under
te .'tarlighmt. go to the Opera House and
see 'udietr the Gaslight," the most start
ing and realistic production ever exhib
FOi olif D-\Y.
The State Fair' of 1880 has conic to a
tlose. andU with it probably the best held
io-the wvar. Thte exhibits wvere nevecr
sur-passedl, if eqtualled. in any~ of the depart
meats; imore particulitrly' in the live stock,
:and esecially in cattlec. There were large
crowds- present: the gate receip~ts were
gootd : gamidlers anid lakirs were excluded.
:md latst. but no~t leatst, the faithful and
eliicientt oiieers who so sticcessfully man
mieed this Fair have been unanimously re
efected to their former positions.
'I tie Stateii .;ri'uturQ and MechanicaI ociety.
Theo 'nuiaul mneetingr of the State Agricud
turail in 1'chaniicail Society was held last
night 'at Stanley's H1all. President Duncan
pridedtt~ and, after the reatdin' of the
imt's of the ha-t meeting. the 1 resident
delivered 'nu address.
Allt the~ former Oiet..rswere elected, as
Preident-D 'Arcy P. Duncn. Uaion.
\'ice 1Presiets-Henry A. Meetzc. First
ongeressiona'l District, Lexington: A. P.
Iutier. Se ondh Contgress.ional District.
'iken: U. F. C'avton, 'Tird Congressionalr
Distrtct. And' erson: ,J. Wash. Wamtts,
Iourth Congressionail District, Laurens: B.
II. 31mer F- -ifth Conmrressional District,
P ort Mmili. York count~y: E. It. MIclver,
ixth oingressional District, Palmetto,:
Darlington county; W'. G. Hlinson, Seventh
iingressi~onal D)istrict, Charleston.
Exceutive Committee-E. L. Rtoche, ?
-harleston: W.t G(. Childs, Columibia: J. C. I
'-an-ms Columabiat: Thos. O. Sanders, Ha
tid. umter couiity: 'J. BS. H-umbert
Ktett, Newhtery. . m cCali. lBennetts- m
it-e: ames 31cCutchen, Church P. 0..
u iiamr-butrg~ county: Smilie A. Gregg,
tt'rnc: I. S. Dmbitr', Bambherg: lI. A.
vre, Ch-et'r W. C. Robertson, Wtinns
ort) T. J. Moore, Spartanburg: U. P.
'lills Greenv ile
Secire i"ry -antl Treasurer- Thtomas W.
TI.; f'olowing" new life memitbers wvere ti
Ic-d E. N. Chisotlm. Orangeburir; J. t;
(.,Gtie. IDarlingt on' J. T.' Duncaun, New- o
irry Johin (. 3hobley, Winsboro; HI. F. 8
:itnt WXinnsbeoro; Pauitl Whipple, Dar hi
(exton'GerC 31h. Sandlers, St'atesbur'. fi
htihls antd ('Coonel T1. J1. Lipscomb to ap- e:
lr it I th Ma'yor's ('ourt this, moirnig to ol
1presemit t he Soctyttt in Ite proseen itioni ofi
the Fair grounds on a charge of pickin!.|
A motion to allow $? per diem :md act i
railroad expenses to Directors and Supe -
tendents who had many laboriouz duti: s in
perforn inl iaking prepratioa for 1w
Fair was adopted;- also that cubies or u
be erected on the grounds. ant t hat r
be prepared in the old exhiitioin hii f
the use of the oflicers of the ociet .
A resolution was adopted ta e
towards assisting in tile pTrepti I r
the Sunner ecm(pm1nt at pa:hur
next summer. Groundshave been don:-ed
and buildings will be erectedI for the puri
Poses of the meeting.
Mr. Richard Graham. lhe sigai r
observer on duty at the Sta A l
Dcpartment, addressed , lhe o
ing the weather serviceand its workings.
The meeting adjouirne-d */.a d. :a i
Rteunion of the i ure iisinr .eineberA ool Ii- 11 n!
lace Hlonnr and Or;nniz.ati:m (f ank -
The surviinfembers of 1h hiiema
cratic House of Itepreseutative of 1oll. the
" Wallace louse," met last night at Car
lina Hall, where the House was nirst orgau
The meeting was organized with Ilon 1.
A. Connor of Cokesbury in the chair. an1i
Colonel John T. Sloan as Clerk. T: rol
was called and the following memb: rs re
'. 11. Walace. 1). F. Uraiet-y. 11.
Hermphill. I. E. Bowen. F. A. (omior.
John G. Guignard, I. S. Bbncrg. L. W".
Yournans. J. 1). Browne, . C. Sheppard.
W. S. Allen, L. A. Parier, W. 11. Itedish.
T. N. Edens, J. W. Erwin. B. 11. Masey.
A. E. Hutchinson, Wm. .Jefireys. To~
L. Mloore, G. Muller. G. Leaph::rt .1. V.
Wofford, H1. Rt \'and[iVer, .J .H net
The meeting organized an associati-o I
be called "The Wallace House Asoi-Oion.
by the election of the following ollicers:
Judge W. 11. Wallace. P re--ident.
Senator Wade Hampton. First Vice Ires
Hon. R. E. B3owen, -.ecoid \ice Pres
Ilon. A. C. HVakelc Tird \'ie "r-i
Colonel John T. Sloan, Clik.
W. Mc3B. Sloan, Assistant Clrk.
General Erwin offered a re-oion'.
which was adopted, requesting Ion. W'.
11. Wallace to prepare a history of th
events which led to the revolutin of .
and the election and organization #f the
It was resolved to meet-e annually in C*.
lumubia on Wednesday of Fair week.
The A sociation then adjourned in
body to Agricultural Hall, where .uuge
Wallace delivered an addres-s in which
aI history of the causes which led t tii
political revolution of 1876. by which ihe
white people of the State resuned cntr4
of the government after ten years If
gro rule, was given.
At ten o'clock the association, with a
number of guests, sat down to an elegma
supper at the Grand Central liotel.-0
lubia J)alif Recor'/, 11th.
Dreadul Work and .umt Fale or a IrPnien
Husband and Father.
S-r. Lotis. November 10.-Near Marine.
Hodgeman county. Kaisas., lived until last
Friday Sam Purple, a brutal, drunkc:t
fellow. His family consisted of himseli.
wife. wife's sister and four little chiMren.
the youngest of whom was only three
weeks old. Un Friday morning his wife
arose and prepared breakfast. She then
awakened her husband, whici enr
himn.' He sprang from bed aud se'zing h1:
revolver, shot his wife through the body.
killing hrr instantly. He tien shnt u!
killed his new-born babe and a of
his children. His sister-in-law, Mis Lw
der, was then ired at, the hail p h
through her arm and lodging in her S::mb
der. A-4 this emptied his revolver. l nr.>
ceeded to load his shotgun in order to co:
plete the work. A slight mistake in this
was the only thing that stoppe-d his d--ly
proceedings. The powder w-as poureid in-.
to one barrel and the shot ito the other.
With this he endeavored to Ilow ofi' e
head of anoth~er child. buit ais there w'
nothing except powder in the barrtet ta
child's face was only, severely b~urned. A
heavy blanket was woutid arou~nd l~ie
child and this securely wraupped with~
heavy wire, in the hope that heliht ac -
complish its death by suitfocation. The
child will recover,. although fearfullt d-ie
rigured. The murderer tiran mounted hii.
horse and strted across the tichi tow::'ds
31arine, with the avowed purpo'se of miur
dering his wife's father and nmother. Ma
time the young lady had made her way
the village and notitied the inhabitants ae
they had congregated for resistance. See
ing that his plan was frustrated, Punrple
hastened to Jetmore and surrendered to
the atuthorities, and was placed in jil.
Last night a mob of about one hunlfdred
men went to the jail and demandemd the o
prisoner, who was (delivered with little eer
emony. He was then taken to the s:--ne
of his crime and hanged to at tree. Only
one nmhbr of the family esca-pedl seri-u
injtury, a little boy-. who hid utnder the bed
when he heardl his fatther comn .
While Th re is Life There i-s Hope.
Manyv of the diseases of tis seiason
of the year can be av-erted by a small
amount of care and at little cost, by
the timelv use of EWANK's TOPAmZ
It cut-es Diarrhoa, Dysenter-y, Chol
aira Morbtus and like comnplainits. ..o
racaelcr should be without a bott le, as
t will prevent alny disease that woulid
uo doubt arise from the change or
wvater, food antd climate, withiout i1s
ise. The most valuable medicine in
be world, contains all the best and
nost curative properties of all other
Ionics, Bitters, etc., etc., being the~
rIedtest Blood Puritier, Liver Rlegtula
or and Life and 1lealthi-Restor-insr
~gent in existence. For Malar-ia,
?ever atnd Ague, ChilL and Fever,
)yspepsia, Indigestion, Sick H-ead- ,
tche, Nervous fleadache, Chrwon i.
ihenmatism, etc., etc., it is tr-uly a G
ilerculean Remedy. It gives new life
md vigor to the aged. For ladies in
lelicate health, weak and sickly chil
trnen, nursing mothers. See circulars
vrapped with bottle.t
CHmAntEsTos, S. C., Sept. 1, 1&5.
H. B. EWB3ANK, Esq., Pre-sidcent of,
T'he Topaz Cinchona Cordial Co.,
spartanburg, S. C.: D~ear Sir-I have
tsed a case of yotur Topaz Cor-dial in P
ny family, and as a Tonic anid Appc
iZer~ I can cheerfully recommend i: to
11 who are stufferingi from Debility -
nd lack of appetite. My children,
spectially, have been much benetitted
y its use. 1epcfly
Ask yotur drtuggist forn EWUAmNI's
~OPAZ ClxiN10 COIAI~L and take
THE TOPA~Z CINCuoNA Comu- L Co.
* Spar-tanbui-g, S. C. U. .-A
Ieinaion or Di~amiat~i
!abamna Synod. hv a vot- of a - ic ne ft
mndemni D)r. Woodrow's cot r- e.- lnd-hs 1
legraphed the Geor-giai Synod, -at Sparta.n
mt they- may- pa, oncuarrenm t reo'i e
rd--rin a mieeting oft the Itru-tees on te c
hof I ieceme-r, at Columnt . to.r....--.'t
reinto, or dismniss him if ihe iret
Anothe-r resohutiomn, other Syno'ds cone::r
ng, int(erprets Setion 11 to autihorize the
tpuilsiont of an unfaithful proft'sor wiih
it formal trial.I
A sidec sho w-English whi~ekers.
Prbhnli Celft-dernte _%rilham t t..
* ' ci
- - - -
7' tP~ ..-' , r-a- n !e B o
./ in , i - .a:d la try vii
ncv I itt
T '. - 1 .\
To )-ro b r a p-y
Ma- orteie i w :'illcrm't: ki farin.
ally cauted by a di:ordered con.Ltion of the L IV E R.
For al cuonphints of this kind, such as Torpidity ut
the Liter. Biliousne's. Nervous Dyspepia., Indiges
tion. Irregularity of tbi. Uowe!s. Constipation. Fa.u
lency. Eructation and burning of the Swuach
(somtims called 1artt f rn), Mistma. M:d-ria.
liloody Flux. Chills and Pever. Breakbone F--rer,
Exbaustion before or after Fevers. er toni Der
ri..ea, Loss of Appetite. Hcadac.. Ful
Irregular~ties incidunail ti FemaW.
d-mPain.1 B 4kte e.. &c. ST.ADBC M.'
AURANTIl is 3valuable. IL not D "*.:.e' a
for :l di.:--'s. but %'lI CURE aN
the LIVER.ST3.MACH and SCWCLt. It
chang-i the conitle.ion tom a wax.ri..:
to a ruddy. healthy color. It entie zem . 11 w.
gi.oimy tpirits. 1 is one of the
..! l'rar rs .of Jhe 1 .-> . iil' i. N:'
Fo- sale by all Drumi'ts. Price S1.00 per Lu.At
C. F. STAD:CER, Proprieto:-,
140 s0. FRONT ST., Phladelph Fa
WEAKNESS, CHILLS AND FEVERS,
MIALARIA, LIVER COMPLAINT,
14EURALGIA AND RfHEUMATISM.
IT is Invigort- - T givzs NEW
~ D- . LIFs to the
11gtFul to t. , vhn SYSTEM
mnd of r-rat va * , . by Strngthening
as n M1ci for \ h Msecs, Ton
wez and Aig int NERVES,
Vic-n and Chil- and completzlyDi
cr'-gesting the food.
O'TAINS Bo Vln,
rc a e ses afHOuE
Ibeincds iscd com- ~
fp r adrofncarefuyny
Solin nD Pcrgand hmclCmay
li~tT~ttSS, B., okS 'V lia,
cae t OE
1't h~csomCcardsby.. ne
r?.chdy. ron rercneart of1oc
F..m y at no # in tGre Sht : h d::dte i ..:.:
S: :pin O.'.u Ao CRDv, W'A L r -u V.0 and a culd :
IM:!o will Le S..canu iptdIs
Pout n: Vic n.:u Ca.e by S. S.e gra.
S. .. E. T
*at .. *t: bi' b I cI' -M roznfr e yas.Ik
X ;ote ao actin :aunm. u i'. tdid me'rtcl
andLE S weeMeNdwT.- ere y could
Li sn ::: t~n , :y mre. !it > kl U.r.S. ti it r
c:7t'.0 41e.e.M ie.6-l adnc
Fmr't:'n.1 )l.''iutire.- re. I we::-hed 116~s aonti wo
bicwoatiis ro:, the Ctop'.y a.d.S.dr ereas e
T SHLEY P1OLU2
Aospls er al wo fLDIEN.-very I oher
'rlize all Cosanorn ndis a Ghirain r
Abi LEY ?0 OLED..N n.l.\:LE
rads--Pils nane -n nCno er
ForgTarn~u, aire-ina M::naad
s'bltocaend teCmay drs
use pno! zao ru cvr.Noohr
of mar. Ind oe o thee ,teywudwl
tou: he. Srd by mi oru3cnsi sap.l
I.ne zillo a dose. ab~.I.S JhSO
C haiId - rth Easy!
The me a~e e :ie the tr
J~~ aa : fu r-1. i IIr r. . 1 :n1
%V U! tt* ',I l. A Ji ;
!:-.i In, who spent 44
--rs; 11 . ucho prwil. e, left
4 ;. to-day
rI :we : :-:len wh-,,
h~e~m . *i -:.ed bar~e~ conl
AL . or: i a
'.~21:.D IU ' I.):: CO.. A ';tu!a, Ga.
From the World's Best Makers,
AT FACTORY PRICES.
Easiest Terms of Payment,
Eight Grand Makers, and Over
Three Iundred Styles to
Chiickering, MIason & Hamlin,
Mathushek, Bent and Arion.
Mason & 1amlin, Orchestral and
Pianos and Organs delivered, freight
paid, to all points South. Fifteen days'
trial, and Freight Paid Both Ways, if
Order, and test the Instruments in
your Own Homes.
COLUMBIA MUSIC HOUSE,
Branch of LUDDEN & BATES'
SOUTHERN MUSIC HOUSE.
PRICES AN D TERMS TH E SAME.
N. W. TR11P, MXanaer.
(INSTIT'TE ror YOUNG LADIES
, in th e South has advantages supe
iiir to those ofiered helie in every depart
men4t-Co.iate, Art and Music. Only
eicedI and accomoplishe-d teachers.
Th* .iuild~i ; lighted vith gas, warmed
wi!h the lu-t wroa;ght-iron furnaces, has
h.t -": 1 .01.!w ter hath1s, a:ii first-class
p.imn :as a Uoardiif, School in
*vr respeet4.-no school in the South has
.-'d ian-i ndaitionm in everything
in cui; eaate eturse, including
ani t ;md moernl languu~ges, per.?
sehiin of) :Dwek-...........$100
i ui i n for two or more from same
l or neinhho:lu:'. 'upils charged
on! 1 dai-: o, entrance.
'r Latai .u. with fa!! Iirticulars, ad
irs lliEv. WM.. A'TKINM)N,
Cliarlotte, N. C.
wih h n ynros iit:. rub-a. a
pohnercuryO4 mixt .r,4s which are go!
ten 1:p to selI. not on their own mrirt,ts nIlici7yni5re w bid on/
the merit r . ndy. Asi imitation
always a frau~d and a cheat, andI they !hrive
ol easr. stcalf rom the article imitated.
Trea ite on Diadar4.dAinDiaes mailed
fra. For saoQoy a drugg7i.ss
TITE SWIZFT .SPErIFIC CO.
Drawr 3, Atlanta, Ga.
mn I have taken one hnndred bottlee of
;ood. Last summer my face, neck, body
.carcely use my arms on account of rhen
m.3 done me more' good than all other mcdi
re peCrfectly clear and clean, and rmy rheti
>en I began the medicine, and I now wei:!1
od iave mae an appetite like a atrong mtan.
its wel:ght in gold
:T.ELL, W. 23d St. Ferry, New York.
Anmmei':a.ed Guane, a comp ete High
['ND.-A complete Fertilizer for these
rs near Charleston for vegetables, et:.
an~d excetient Non-Aimmoniaied Fer
s, and also for fruit Trees, Grap~e
AID PRIOSPUJATE', of very High
the various attractive and instructive
[ATE CO., Charleston,!S.iC.
like them in the world. Will positively cure
:mnd each box is torth ten times the cost of a
domore topurify the
ic ill health than $5
worth of any other
remedy yet discov
ered. Ifpeople could
be made to realize
100 miles to get a box if they could not be had
trated pamphlet free, postpaid. Send for it;
0O.. 2e Custom Hlouse Street, BOSTON, MASS.