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VOL. vlU. MANr(; iAiE O ' Ny, s. c., VE DNESI)AY, DECEM BER1,186O1
TILlE E A. i.-E1.AL
14ve(r:Ll t1',-z r;. 'Z ku i 1 :
sittIe red - --s ntis of 1114. iro-:U
The third week of the !t"e.ien i the
Legi.slature was full of importmt work.
Below will be found a
The following new bills were intro
duced: Bill amending the chart-r of the
town of Chester: relating to the pay
ment of witnesses in criinal cases in
Lancaster countv; l.wng Pob e
Judges to perform 0he dutic. of t4he
supTervi1_Sor oW re git ration!!.
B3ill to chr B h ank Of 13r-.: '1 ;
amending the r.ority l -.i
resolution to amend the on.t 'oi
striking out Section 3 o Aii 2 il
reference to homLestead to e.
sale of seed cotton and unpuae, Eiut
cotton in Abbeville county: bill to requi
assignees to give 1onds; to enble the
superintendent and directors of the peni
tentiary to make e.intrazts for work in
On motion of Senator Murray a con
current resolution was adopted and sent
to the House fixing the time for electing
a Judge to the Third Circuit at one
o'clock on the 9th inst. The election
was duly i.eld, and the H1on. T. B.
Fraser, incumbent, was re-elect-d with
The Senate agreed to the House con
current resolution as to the printing C
the reports of the State Boar. of Health.
Bill to repeal the Act reguhting the
admission of foreign suiety companmes;
bill providing for the repair of t ie Bea
fort Arsenal; House concuarretr resoli
tion requesting Senators and Represen
tatives to support the bill providing for
agricultural experiment stations.
When the House bill came up author
izing the foremen of grand juries to ad
minister oaths to witnesses, Senator
Buist moved to strike out the enactingj
clause. lie made a vigorons speech;
against the prope 'tion as a dangerous
Senator Woodward said that the law
was a necessity not a luxury. It c:ume
high and there was complaint about it.
It ought to be simplified, but he was
afraid the legal gentiemen didnt want it
to be simplitied. He knew that if he
were a lawyer he would object - o making
law matters easy of understanding. He
believed that simplification ;'could go
farther. All this tomfoolery in ihe long
indictments about discharging oIe leaden
bullet aforesaid, [laughter, o:. to be
done away with. He was eM;ons to
know how much the reading of this
rigmarole had cost the State in her his
Senator Patterson thoag sere s
good reason for the present pr-tice and
that it should not be changed.
On Senator Buist's motion t.e vote
stood: Yeas-Bienmann, Buit, lemphill,
Howell, Kennedy, McMuaster, Moise,
Monroe, Patterson, Reynolds, Williams
and Youmans-1:. Nays-iL'exander,
Austin, Byrd, Erwin, Field, Iziar,
Moody, Moore, Murray, Sligh, Smith,
Smythe, Wingard, Woolw.rd and
The bill then passed without a di-i
The House bill reducing the salary of
the Lieutenant Governor brought Sena
tor McMaster to his feet. He moved to
strike out the enacting words, but did
Senator Woodward was in doubt and
Senator Patterson could see no reason
made by the Lieutenant Governor for
the extra salary of $1,000, which it was
proposed to cut off. If there was to be
reform anywhere it ought to begin here.
Senator Field thought the saaries
paid some of our State ofticers amounted
to practical idolatry. The State was on
the verge of famine and this useless ex
penditure ought to be cut off.
Senator Sligh agreed with these views.
Senator McMaster said that he had
made his motion on~he general p~roposi
tion that salaries ought not to be re
-duced. Salaries in this State were small
enough already. The saliy of the office
should be commensurate with its digni
ty. Poor pay meant poor preach. If
the saaies were cut down, it would
bring into office a class of impecunious,
one-horse men, or leave the offices to the
Senator Woodward dlid not object to a
reduction of salaries, but he did not
want this clean sweep. He was willing
to reduce the salary to .$500, but not to
cut it off. He proposed to sit down on
those who had come here proposing to
make the State rich by eutting oft a lit
tie slice of salarv- here and little slices
there. He would not give aid or com
fort to these pretensions.
Senator Howell avowed himself an
economist and supported the bill.
Senator Buist rallied Senator Wood
ward on his position in this matter as
contrasted with his vote against paying
Mr. Miles for his services in the bond
Senator Woodward retorted by saying
that he had taken his position under the
mistaken impression that this salary was
one of Senator Buist's glorious institu
tions of the past, which should be pre
served inviolate. Understanding now
that it was a post bellum law he with
drew his opposition.
Senator Moore showed that the Coni
stitution required the Lieutenant Gov*
ernor to act as Governor in case of tin
latter's disability. The salary was e:i*
dently designed to lit such an emergen
cv should it arise. He tho ught besi'
thlat the dignity of the ('illee reqiuirce
some salary beyond the per dicnm.
After further discussion Senator 3le
Masters motion was lost by a vote of
to 19, and the bill passed. The uirmna
tive votes were cast by Senators Lar
McMaster, Moise, MI'ore, Rloynokib
Smythe, Williams and Youmans.
The special order for the 5th~ jnst.
being the bill requiring: a tuiion charg
of fifty dollars per collegiate year in thi
South Carolina College, was discusset
at some length. Senators Sligh, of New
berry, Patterson, of Chester, and Mur
ray, of Anderson, favored the bill, wh
Senators Rhame, of Clarend'.n, Wood
ward, of Fairfield, 31e3aster, of Ijich
land, and Moise, of Sumter, opposed it
Th bim w- farthe mTssanm on tli
otli-Senators Edwards and Sligh favor
ing it, and Senator Smythe olpsing it.
Senator Howell noved to table the
Ltion of t Edwards tr Sto indeli
nLitely 'otponO the unfavorable report
:r the commuittee.
Yeas-Seators Bist, Bryd, iHowell,
. cseMoise, .1oore7, _11ro,
!odsZIh::me, Sinklvr, Smyt hie, WiK
Wi ngrd, VooIdward and You
+-'enators Alexauder, Austin,
lll,'iraun. Black. Crews, Edwatrds,
Erwin, .j, Hemphil. Kennedy. Mc
Cal d Murray. Patterson, Sligh,
Ih recormlleidatiol of the commit
e\ was thden rejected without a division,
tad :hc bili camne up on its merits. It
wn:s apparent, from the known tenden
eces of *ome of the Senators who np
d bill that iT COUl1 be amened
v-ea v aiv. heT bili itself is a bare re
uiint ihat a taitlon fee of not le-s
than shall be charged all staden!s.
The minority of the cmnmittee report
in it recomiendcd a minimum fec of
Speaki'n in advocaev of a reduction
Senator feMastcr stated that the maxi
mium feeU before the war was .-'0. le
underst.od it to be the desire of the Sen
ators on the other side to restore this
The recommendation of the committee
Senator Moody, who had voted with
the majority, then moved to amend by
reducing the fec to S10.
The .iJ0 fee was then voted, it being
understood that the matriculation feeI
.vouid be retained at its present fglire.
This being done, Senator Murray said
that he was not afraid to conmare his
votes on the College question with those
of any other Senator. Ho had always
been In favor of the most liberal support
of the institution. To prove his sincerity
he offered an amendment to the follow
"The faculty may grant beneficiary
scholaships without fees to competent
and deserving youths who give satisfac
tory proof of their own inability or that
of their parents or guardians to pay the
tuition fee. Every student accepting a
beneficiary scholarship shall be bound to
teachl two vears in the public sc;hools of
hisL- county if thie county s--hool commis
sione~rs slhl asinhmto a school. See
tion 1,040 of the General Statues, limit
ing the beneficiary scholarhip to one
from e&h county, is repealed."
After some discusson Senator Black
moved to amend the Murray amend
ment by providing that affidavits from
the applicant, his parents or guardians
and thei auditor, clerk and sheral' of his
coun'y hc, required to prove inability to
pay tuitioni fees.
Snator Murray accented the amend
mnt, as the ralv was the same as that in
otrev for beneticiaries at the Citadel.
After further debate Senator --rays
plroqposition, as thus amended, was
adoitedi bV the following vote: Yeas
Senators Bell, Biemann, Black, Buist,
Byrd, Crews, Edwards, Howell, Izlar,
Kennedy. 'McCall, McMaster, Moise,
1Moore, Durray, Munroe, Patterson,
Reynolds, Rhame, Sinkler, Sligh,
Snith, Smythe, Talbott, Williams, Win
gard, Woodward, Wofford and You- I
Nays-Senators Alexander, Austin,
Erwin, Field, Heniphill and Moody-;.
Senator Reynolds offered an amend
ment that one b. oV from eac county
unable to pay a tuition feo shall receive
a scholarship of fifteen dollars a month.
Senator Murray moved to table.
Senator Buist offered an amendment
providing that all tuition fees of the law
department be placed at the disposition
of the faculty for the remuneration of
the Drofessor of law.
Sinator Hemphill opposed this; but it
was explained that the law professor was
paid entirely by fees, and the amend
ment was adopted.
The bill then passed its second read
ing without a division. General notice
of amendment on the third reading was
Among the bills unfavorably reported
was the bill providing for the taxation
of dogs and bitches. (Minority report:
"While not concurring exactly with the
above bill in the manner of levying a
tax upon dogs, we are yet of opinion
that a bill shoul pass prov iding in
proper manner for taxing dogs, either
by way of a license fee or by assessment
under the law." Augustine T. Smythie,
B. W. Edwards, E. B. Murray.)
The joint resolution propesig an
amendment to the Constitution, by
striking out th3 provision for county
commissioners, was passed under a eal
of the roll. Thirty-f our Senators voted
for it. Senator Kennedy, of Chester
field, cast the only adverse vote.
IThe bill to make Judges hold office for
life was postponed till next session. A sim
ilar disposal was made of the bill to make
the term of the Probate Judge four years
instead of two.
The bill to ratify the census amend
ment was passed-Senator Howell, of
Colleton, casting the only negative vote.
IThe Anderson county prohibition bill
was passed and sent to the House.
The House attended in the Senate, and
a number of Acts were ratified.
House of Rep resentat ive'.
A resolution was introduced by D~r.
Pope looking to an investigation of the
pu~ic printing, with a view of ascertain
mg if sonie of the reports could not be
shortened or omitted. The objeetive
points of the resolution are the State
Iboard of h'ealth reports and the doeu
menit entitled "Reports and resolutions."
The first on the general orders of the
day was a bill to amend the charter of
the town of Summerville. It may be
antionied, by the way, that the town of
*namerv ille seems to require more
chartering than a dozen ordinary cities.
mere has never been a time in the past
ten or twelve years that the House Cal
enchr has~ be-n free from the presence
*n it of s.ome bili looking to the charter
ug or ame~nding, or' extending, or doing
sonething for that delightful, but much
-Abill to amend the ilshm laws so as to
nelirease* the number of days in the week
on whU~ic persons might operate in the
rivers and bays evoked quite a spirited
discuission and biroughit forth speeches
i-efrm several new members. The bill
- was championed by Mr. L. P. Miller, o:
G;eorgetownm, and was hotly opposed by
- Messrs. Bighamn, of Marion, (YBrien, 01
- Colleton, Pope, of Newberry, ani
Jvnsmo arlborne who suceedled ii
A, bill lowing the coniy commis
Sioners oi renviIle and Colleton to
borlow oney w ith whijich to pay jurors.
w hool t .-h;,:.s wa tse
afteri 2: iendo on thet quest"ionl of the
te j iner-. During11, ths .zbIte it.
was 0nu 1m!yd that lmollee could not Ie
borruwed ..in renille fo les than 11
'sil were introducd looki1 to elec
tion's in Abbeville and ircenville coun
ties on thi question of prohibition. A
petition was received from citizens of
Darlington aid Marion couities, pray.
ing for the formation of the new county
of Florence. The warS and mncom -~r
mittee reporled a bill to appropriate
.S.1,000 to aid in rbuilding the State
MedicA! Collerae of Charleston.
'll't1a na the law lix'ing the com
pen.dion of :veounty commliissioners
Of Bau'oit ; Lix t1be elr die.m of meni
bers Of thc General Assenlyi;v bill to
amiend the Act to provide for the settle- I
inent ofthe coiisolidated State d1ebt; bill
to provide for payment out tf the sink
ing fund of tlie valid interest on certain
bonds and stocks; bill to amenid the
criminal law; bill to amend Section 919
of the General Statutes, relating to
physieins. apothecarics and dentists; Mr.
Norton, bill to devolve upon certain
State officers the duties of directors of
the penitentiary and lnatic asyhun.
Bill to amend Section 1,'94 of the
General Statutes, relating to game birds;
to amend the stock law; to prohibit
slieriirs and constables from charging or
receiving pay milcage except for the
number of nile; actunly traveled.
Mr. Irby, of Laurens, int roduced a bill
to stay all executions in this State till
Dr. Pope's bill to reduce the costs of
attorneys, Vc., received a second read
A bill introduced by Mr. Gary, of
Edgefield, requiring the clerk of the
Supreme Court to tansmit copies of de
cisions to the Circuit Courts in all the
counties was defeated.
The bill to fix the salaries of county
school commissioner:; evoked general
discussion. As it came from the con
mittee th bill provided a salary of $200i
and mileage (rive cents) for eaci county
school commissioner, except in Charles
ton where the salary was fixed at $000.
Mr. Graham, of Williamsburg, moved
to strike from the bill the passage re
lating to mileage. Tabled-ycas 50, I
Mcr. Lesesne, of Charleston, moved to I
strike out the passage fixing the salary
of the commissioner for Charleston
county at 0100, and to make the salary
the same as those in other counties. He
explaiiied that the official in Charleston
had no more to -o than those in otlir
counties, and there was, therefore, no
reaoii why e should receive aiiy grca
er salary. Adlopted.
Mr. O'Drien, of Colleton, moved tIt
the mileage be restricted to 8100 at the
outside. Adopted after a short discus
Mr. Rutland, of Fairliehl, moved to
incrcase the salaries to -10o. He re
garded the bill as a death-blow to the
common school system of the State.
How could competent and efficient com
inissioners be secured at a salary of $200
per annum? He was perfectly willing
ti economize the public funds, but this, .
he feared, was pruning too closely. The K
amendment was voted down.
Mr. Boyle voiced the sentiment of the
Berkeley delegation when he asked for
an amendment making an excep-,
tion in favor of Berkeley county,
whose commissioner he wanted to have
$400 slary without mileage, but the
Honse wud have none of it, and the
amendment was voted down.
Mr. Jordan, of Aiken, moved to strike
out the enacting words of the bill.
Mr. Lesesne, of Charleston, said that
in reporting the bill the committee had
no aim or intention to strike at or cripple
the system. The office of school com
missioner was more an office of honor.
than of profit. The committee was of
the opinion that a salary of S200 per on
num and mileage would be abundant
Mr. Evans, of Chesterfield, said that
his school commisioner had been con
tent to work for $130 a year, and was
doing faithful and eflicient work at that
Mr. Boozer, of Edgefield, was wi'ling
to increase tihe pay to $300 and mileage,
but, this being impractisable, he would
support the bill.
Dr. Pope said that if the hill passed it
would save enough money to the sehool
fund in each county to rn one addi
tional school 10 months in the year, and
that the school comm-iioner would be
the best paid otlicer in the county.
Mr. Ansel, of Greenville, called the
previous question, under the .operation.
of which the motion to strike out the
enacting words of the bill was voted
down, and the bill was ordered to be en
The bill to regulate the sale of spirit
nious liquors by physicians' prescriptions
was indefinitely postponed.
The judicial tenure offoflice constitu
tional amendment has been continued
until the session of 1887.
The bill to repeal the lien law was taken
up (the committee having reported it.
unfavorably.) It was stated by one of
the friends of the bill that, in the eivent
of the pending motion to strike out the
enacting words being lost, they intended
to amend it so as to provide that it should
The aiseassion wcas opened by MIr. J.
Frost Walker, a thr iving farmer of Rich
land. He thought tha't when the priority
lien law was passed at the last session it
woul end this int'ermiaable discussion.
It appeared to hita t the farm *rs of
South Carolina were. hard to satisfy-. 'The
priority lien law Luad given the farmers 2
bond on his tenjant whichl was even
stonger than Shyiock's bond. Hf be
ieethtthe principal motiv> of those
whaosoughit additional legislation was toc
force labor. rs to work for them for .stipu
Mir. B3rice, of F'airni.hlI, explained whyV
the commit tee had reported then bil! un
favorably. The condition of thc- farmers
in the State was such that the committe'
thought it best to lcet it severely alone.
Dr. Thomas, of Union, confessed that
hewas satisfied with the priority lien
law passed by the last Legislature, which
gave: the land-owner the first lien and the
laborer tihe ?eond. Evc-rybody ought
to be satisfied with the law as it is.
t411tion to the fact that the agricultural
i committee of the House. composed of
13 farmers renres:nting all the agricul
tural interests in the State, had unani
Smouslv agreed that this was not the time
to repeal this law.
The previous question was called and
the bill was killed by a vote of 85 to 27.
THE TiEAUTY mEFRlE FrND.
When Mr. Haskell's bill to create a
treasurv reserve fund, the provisions of
which have already been published, was
taken up, Dr. Pope moved to strike out
the enaeting words.
Mr. Haskell explained the object of
the bill, and earnestly urged the House
to consider well what it was about to do.
He warned tliem against doing anything
that would tend to injure the credit of
.Dr. 'one said that the bill had been
introducedl at the instance cf the comp
troler gen.ral to put the money beyond
the co:r. of the Hrouse. he didn't
propose t use the whole of this money.
Ht didi't think that more than . 75,000
of it w, uld nave to be us-:d on the basis
of a fear mill taxr There wvas a good
ma thigs that the Legislature intend
ed to cat dowr, and a good many things
that they wouldn't be called upon to pro
vide !v. it was -, very singular thing
that thc gentlemen had been using the
fund for years, and now, when they
found t e the House was turning its at
tention to it, they sought to block the
Ar. .i:sel opposed the bill on very
diferet *rounds. He thought it would,
impair i m eredit of the State to divert
the variou:s funds named in the bill.
Mr. W. . Wilson, Jr., of York, was
in favor oi the bill. He called attention
to the fact that the two opponents of the
bill who had spoken had opposed it on
entirely opposite grounds, one because
the bill allowed the treasury to use the
funds, and the other because it did not
dLo so. He explained that under the pro
posed bill it was only intended to use
mueh of the funds as were applicable to
The debate was continued at length by
Messrs. Hutson, Ficken, Pope and Has
kell, and a vote on the motion to strike
.ut the enacting clause was finally
reached, with the following result on the
bill: Yeas , nays 7:.
The reading of the bill was then re
mumed. Another disen.ssion arose, how
>ver, on an amendment offered 1b Mr.
Parker, of Abbeville, proposing to strike
>ut the provision allowing the use of the
und for the payment of general appro
priations and of salaries, an amendment
wvhich would have prevented the use of
he fund to ride over a scarcity of money
n the State treasurv. The amendment
was tabled. however, and the bill ordered
:o be engrossed for a third reading.
LL: HOR:ZNTAL, P.';PiTIo SAL.I'Y BILL.
When the 1ill R11'ered by Dr. Tloma ,
)f Union, to provide for a horizoutal re
inction of the salarie., of the State
)illers was reached, Dr. Thomas reada
;pcech prepared for the occasion, At
he close of his remarks the House,
vithout a division and without any
urther discussion, killed the bill.
The bill in rdation to the running of
iunday triins being taken up, Mr.
tewart, of York, moved to striKe out
he enacting clause, and supported the
nbtion in a short speech. He could not
inder-tand why raiLroads should be al
owed to lbor seven aava in the week
vhen citizens were not.' His piincipal
>bjection was that the paswage of the bill
,vould tend to promote the growth of
sims in the State-such as Communism
ma Anarchism, and would break down
~he p)eace and sanctity of the Sabbath.
3Ir. Norton, of MIarion, said if this
bill wais passed the Legislature should
ilso pass a law allowing the farmers to
Jrive their ploughs on the Sabbath.
MIr. Gary, of Abbev-ille, spoke at
length upon the 4th commandment and'
mioral culture generally.
3Mr. Lawton, of Hampton, and MIr.
Kershaw, of Darlington, spoke in favor
of the bill, pointing out that by permit
ting the running of Sunday trainis dur
ing certain months in the year the Leg
islature was really legislating for the
benefit of farmers, viz., those who raised
fruits, melons and truck produce.
M1r. Stanland spoke of the moral
aspect of the question. He said if some
of these nmembers would go to Florence
sonmc Sunday, where a dozen trains are'
locked up, and see how the employees
observed the Sabbath, they would soon
acknowledge that they would be better
ofil'morally if they were hard at work.
MIr. Kershaw arose to say that lhe had
lived at Florence Mr eight years, and to
his knowledge the employees of the rail
road at Florence were all members of
the church. He supported the hill be
cause it was in the interest of the truck
MIr. B rowning, of Berkeley, put in a
plea for the truck farmersof lower South
Catrolina, showing that the p~resent lawv
entailed great losses uponm them. The
bill, he reminded the House, applied
only to fruit and truck trains.
This discussion threatened to become
interminable, when a member called the
previous- question, which limited the
debate to an hour.
MIr. Archer, of Spartanburg, delivered
an address on the happiness of the en
joymednt of thle Sabbath. Hie remiinded
the House (f the prophecy of the
Prophet Jeremiah, who predicted the
destruction of .Jerusalem in case the
Jews did not observe the Sabbath.
The bill was finally passed in the fol
"It shal: be lawful, .Vc., to run on Stun
day dur ig the months of April, 3May,
June Jul and August, trains laden ex
clusiveiy wih fruits and vegetables, and
on said' day in any and every month their
rulr 1i trains, and such construe
tion trai. aa be rendered necessary
by extraordinary emer~gencies other than
* hose incid'nt to freight or passenger
The ili wa- aftzerwards read a third
time' a 'ent to thle Senate.
The bili to provide for a reassessment
of property in Charlesion, Colleton and
B e"'leycunties, called forth a long de
Ibate. 'Ir. Wisls:, of York, first moved
to *rk u the eni'intg claus., hait af
terwards withdrew this motion. lHe theni
mve t~io make the bill apply to the
who'ie Stat e. The amendment wastabldi.
Theiu bill was tinally passed to its third
The .(ote in the .Joint Assembly, held
1onl thte 9th inst., for -noeinutendent of
t he peicltenitiary wasas fo~!nws Thos. .
J. P. Blackwell, of I'dge'ent, 1: J. i.
Kinsler, of Richland, 15; N. C. Robert
son, of I-airfield, 4. Col. Lipscomb wa:
accordingly declared elected Thie vote
for directors of the penitentiary was as
follows: N. W. Brooker, of E(1_0.1d.
113; C. W. McFadden, of Chester, 1 1;
Tohn G. Guign'ard, of Aiken. T9; II. A.
11cetze, of Lexington, 7:; George
Shields, of Columbia. 44. The irst three
were declared elected.
REMOVAL OF PROF. WOOlDRO 17-%
The ttoard ol Director, of the The-oigciaL
Seuinarv of Ctoluntbia Carry Out the
Order of the Synod.
(From the News artd Cour!o.)
CoLUMBIA, December S.-Pursuant to
the instructions of the four Synods, the
board of directors of the Theological
Seminary met at 10 o'clock this m3orning
in the Seminary chapel. There were
four absentees. The following members
were present: P:'. Wm. Adams, the Rev.
Janes Stacy, tRe Rev. J. W. Rogan, the
Rev. J. C. McMullen, the Rev. J. G.
Law, Dr. H. E. Shepherd, _1r. W. C.
Sibley, Col. George W. Scott and Dr.
W. T. Thomapson. Dr. Stacy was elected.
president and 31r. Law secretary. The
following resolution was adoptel:
"Whereas, the four Synods controlling'
this Seminary have instructed this board
to request the Rev. James Woodrow,
D. D., for his resignation as professor of
natural science in connection with leve- i
"lResolved, That a committee consist
ing of the .ev. 'Messrs. Rogan and
Thompson be appointed to wait on Dr.
Woodrow and mwake the said request,
and said conm:ittee shall present Dr.
Woodrow with a copy of this resolu
At 12 o'clock the board took a recess
until 2 p. m. At that hour the commit
tee presented the following note from
"In reply to the request which you
have just handed me for my resignation
as professor of natural science in con
nection with levelation, I beg leave to
say that I respectfully decline acceding
This note was sigr.ed with Dr. Wood
row's full title as Perkins profess ir. The
board then unanniiously adopted a
preamble, reciting the above facts, and:
the following resolution:
"lesolved, In accordanee with the
instructions received from the four con
trolling Synods of the Theological Sem
nary, that the Rev. James Woodro',
D. D., be, and he is hereby, removcd
from the chair of natural science in con
ection with Revelation, and that the
ecretary be directed to comnmumicate
his action to Dr. Woodrow."
The board then went into an cl-'tion
for professor of didactic and po-imic
theology. The Rev. Dr. J. L. Girar
Jean was elected. Taking a recess at G
. ii. the board waited on Dr. Girarden
a body, acquainting lhim with Lis
-lection and urging his acceptance of
the professorship. Dr. Gira'deau re
plied, expressing his appreciation of the
onfidence reposed in hlnm by his bret
en, and stating that he woild consider
the matter and give his reply at the
arliest practicable noment.
At 8 p. m. the board reassembled at
Wright's Hotel and spent about two
ours considering the intercsts of the
Seminary. It was decided to postpone
urtler elections of prefessors until the
irst Wednesd:y in February, when the
>oard will meet in Augusta. The chairs
-emaining to be filled are as follows:
11) Biblical literature and exegesis of
Scripture; (2) pastoral theology; 0) the
Perkins professorship of natural scienee
n connection with Revelation.
The members of the board express'
hemselves as hopeful of the future of
he Seminary, which they expect to re
>pen next September.
Noct a Drulanu Nation.
lReally atnd truly we arc not a d-nken
iation." There is'sadly too much drink
ng, and there is ant infinity of crime and
overty resulting from it, but it is cer
mi that we drink less per capita than
ur fathers did, and it is also cetrtain
hat the mode and matter of drinking
.as undergone a great change in the last
wenty-tive years, and is still undergoing
hange. Fashion makes custom, and it
s no longer the custom to drink rum,
s our N~ew England ancestors did,
r whisky, as our Southern ancestors
id. Wine and beer are now the staple
rinks of those who contsume intox
-ants. We also drink slowly, and,
therefore, more decorously than we used
to do. And because we drink mor
sowly we also drink less. We are no
a leisurely people. We cannot sit an
our over two or three glasses of beer,
s an Englishman or' German does, er
ver a half pint of very thin wine, asa
Frenehmnan or Spantiard does. And
therefore we are not likely to becomea
nation of slow guzzlers. It cannot now
be said, nor is it probable that it can
ever be truthfully said, of the American
as it is of the English constitution, that
"it floats in beer." We do not pity a
drunken man as the European pieople:
do, or, if in sucht a case.
Some pity lives,
That pity half despises, hldf forgives
'Tis mixed with shame, 'tis not from
And savors very largely of contempt.
We lo'ok upon drmiknness a mis
fortune. We regard it as a major or a
minor crime, accot'ding to the mnagitude
or minitude of its cvil conisequtene.
The vice of druuikenness in Amuerica i
in a sure and not very slow pero'e -
diminution. We a'e thin-skinned lki
impiaticut of ridicule and inituoleant
contempt, and the tone (It ma.eC'
society is that of ridicnle and contempt
towardt drunkards. Two of the strong
st indications of the growtht of temiper
anee senit tients have been made mai
fust during the t rcent asembtly of th
Knights ofi La'bor at 1ichmomnd.T
first was when G;rtnd 31a4ster 'ow~ ; y
charged th" delegtes th.at they el
abstain fromn mtagmg~ teemselves ri:.m
l us or c'ontemptbl hit h a
ig front viti.Ilons. The seon
was whin the whlt bodyu of KnightsI
'rom its nwl' ekceted otieurs. Phihm
thronists an3 r"Lo"rmer" can: take fresh
cou~ge from these ceerinig manife.sta
In olen times the St-outehe reekonsd t,.
vaue of a inP'In in cow . No'voada.s v
reckon in ho'', and ih: h e:;i a
the mow re li i-:alue~d.
ONir I.ITTLE' L:;AK.
An ;:Im II of wn i:n Counity Covernl
u~et--H--n ninVmContv Paper.
(I I e.. < '4r the Y :ad Cou:-ier.)
In the pgrogrss of the debate in the
t1ouse whicb-1, by the way, was its first
indulg'ence in that not seductive bat
oImewhat expensive legislative luxury,
a good cal wa said about county ex
penses. It will be remembered that the
sub!ject of discossion was the Aldrich bill
to change the tenure of office of grand
juries. It was advanced in suport of
the bill that the grand juries by being
made perpetial would be able to exer
cise a closer scrutiny over the expendi
tures of county funds. The opponents
of the bill pointed out, with much force,
that the continuance of men in ollice so
long might render them more easily sub
ject to the fihnences of a powerful com
bination of oorrupt ollicials or criminals.
This brought out eulogies from quite a
number of members upon the oflicials of
their respective counties, each asserting
that a nobler, purer, more intelligent,
upright, patriotic, self-denying lot of
citizens, in the words of the "3likado,"
"never did exist." All of which is
doubtless very true. Nevertheless it is
admitted on all sides that one of the
most pressing questions which confronts
this Legislature is the question of re
form in county affairs. It was pointed
out in this correspondence on Monday
last that in the county of Abbeville, as
shown by the Press and Banner, the ex
penses for six years of Democratic rule
were 815,000 in excess of those of six
years of the radical rule of plunder.
The statement was the subject of a
breakfast table conversation at the
Grand Central Hotel yesterday, at which
a distinguished member from Abbeville
assisted. I asked him if the- figures of
the Press and Banner were true, and he
replied that he had no doubt they were.
The only cause he was able to assign for
it was that the people were too axious
to make a living out of minor offices
which they sought.
".Anv stealing or dishonesty?" I in
quired. No, he didn't think so. While
it was true the salaries of some of the
olliees were small, the position afforded
opportunities of making money which
very few men could resist. This remark
was made not in reference to Abbeville
county alone but to all the counties in
A case in point occurred here auring
the early .art of this week. Looking
over the register of the hotel on Tues
day morning I found the names of six
or seven prominent citizens of George
town. Thinking that they might have
come to the capiral on some legislative
buins, and not being able to find any
of them, I asked Representative MIiller,
of Georgetown county, "what was up?"
and was told that the object of their visit
was to biing a half dozen or more convicts
to the penitentiary. This %ill, perhaps,
explain why it costs from $3u to 8~10
ach to transport convicts to the peni
tetiary. I was further told by Mr.
Miller'that some of the distinguished
ditizens alluded to were rabid reformers,
Ind during the recent canvass had ad
Vcated the abolition of the Citadel and
College, the reduction of the salaries of
State officials and other measures of re
Another cause of expense in the coun
dies is to be seen in Charleston. Coroner
DeVeaux, who was here on Wednesday
tast, had a hearing before the Charleston
lelegation on the subject of the pro
Iosed 'cri-. ntal" or "perpendicular"
reduction of salaries. The coroner pro
rssed his willingness to submit to a rea
sonable reduction, but stated that he
ould iot make a living (it will be borne
in mind that this is an dfIce the duties
of which requires the entire time and
ttention of the incumbent) unlkss ar
rngements were made to pay him his
salary. In other words, it transpired
tht the officials of the county arc sub
jected to the necessity of discounting
their certificates of pay at from 10 to 30
pr cent. it was learned that a hal
dozen prominent merchants are engaged
in the businers, all of whom have made
snug sum's. I asked a member from
Charleston if this was actually true, and
en gouing thtit was, and that it had
merchants referred to having made
fortunes. It would appear that there
might be room for reform in this direc
Thus far the only measure which
promises practical reform in the direc
tion of county expenses that yet appeair
on the House Calendar is a bill to
change the plan of transporting convicts
to the penitentiary. The bill, in accord
ance with the recommendation of Gov.
erior Sheppard, devolves this duty on
the superintendent of the penitentiary.;
One o4 the strongest '4 feminine in
.tiets is to spank. Th'e littie girl of
six spanks her~ doll, even while the sym
pathietic tears roll dowvn her cheeks. She
keePs up the practice when grown to
oung ladyhoed upon her little brothers
nd sisters, if she is fortunate enough to
have any, and from then on her children
and grandchildren-or somebody else's
hidren and gran~dch ildrenl-receive the
bhneits, in a'matured formi, of an art
iarned in infancy, until she goes hence
to a b.etter lando, and even then, perhaps),
a wide field for the exercise of her pw
ers is bef ore her amoug the little angels
in! h1e:ven. Onec day last week a youngj
man samdiering about the National
mi~una saw two very pretty girls ex
amining~ a large terra-cotta vase which
stoo'd i ou e co'ner of the room de
otdto ex-'ibits of that ware. In the
d?! f h vase several unelothed
arhis wer reresente-d as playing,1
wi!e one little- ceru~b, with a ehubb'y
anddmpled form, ws leaning over the
ed. evide?tn't atmpting to reach his
ea:npanion::, atnd inn~ocentl. offiga
tr. he on g ldie stod efo:re the
Uen u~ or son tiu in app~larent ad
mi in o 10 the w ork mans.hip), whzensad
a ul a temit s'e1eed to strike one of
tid. Sir .ake cutiiuly around tot
asp bserved, and, seeing no
ne' er u th wri.ws hid behinida
eno on~ els-e w'as in sight, she
..e hpiy, t.ook the glove from oiT
. riiht ind, rased that member and
amiin-red to the: little clay image a
mosrt thorolugh spanking. If it were a
fair sample of her skill in that direction,
her future children are entitled to heart
ielt pity.-oledlo Blade.
, a h.av. ben isered in New Zealand.
AN ARTIST WARNED.
An Imitation of United States Currency
That Must Not be Repeated.
The secret service offleers made a
seizure in Theodore Stewart's saloon in
New York recently of a small painting
by William H. Harnett, the well known
artist, representing the face of a United
States 85 note. The work was done so
well that it took close examination with
a glass to show that a note had not been
pasted down on a piece of wood, as even
the mucilage which apparently had
been used was imitated. rThe law pro
hibiting the counterfeiting and imita
tion of money was felt to have been
violated by this neat piece of artistic
painting, but the law officers of the
Treasury Department could not say that
talent such as that exhibited in this case
should be promoted, because of the sub
ject selected to portray. Neither could
they allow the matter to pass without
calling attention to the dangers of imita
tions so skillfully made that they re
quired but a groundwork of paper in
stead of a smooth surfaced wood to en
able them to pass for money.
It was not supposed that any jury
would convict the artist of a violation of
law should the case be put to trial, so
the Solicitor of the Treasury advised the
Secretary that while under the circum
stances of the case he should not dvise
prosecution, yet he would suggest "that
the development and exercise of a talent
so capable of mischief should not be en
couraged in a direction which might
lead to embarrassment and discomfiture."
This means that the artist will be
warned to let imitation of United States
money alone hereafter and to exercise
his genius in some other direction un
less he wants to gpt into trouble. The
picture will be returned to its owner.
A Growing People.
In round numbers the population of
the United States increases at the rate
1,000,000 a year. The census of 1880
showed a population of over 50,000,000
and close estimates based on local cen
suses give in 1886 56,000,000. Of this
increase about one-third is from abroad.
Two natives reach the stage of action for
one foreign resident. The ratio of native
increase must in the future be greater, as
the native element is constantly growing
larger while the foreign is about station
ary. The immigration for last year was
a little larger than that of 1884 and this
year promises to exceed the last; but
both years show a decrease on several
preceding years. Many thoughtful per
sons are apprehensive of future trouble
through this rapid increase of population,
so largely drawn from foreign sources.
The spectacle of from 300,000 to 400,000
foreigners being absorbed annually into
our industrial force is one, they think,
which cannot be continued without in
time producing a serious disturbance. It
should be borne in mind that when a
foreigner comes to this country and be
comes a part of its laboring force, he be
comes also a part of its consuming force.
In many cases he does work in this coun
try which in his absence would be done
in Europe. Until the population ap
proaches the limit of our producing
capacity, the foreigner may as well work
ere as in Europe. We now export grains
and meats which are consumed in Europe,
nd the product of the consumer's labor
is sent to us. When the laborer comes
over and works in this country, he con
sumes more of our agricultural products
than -vhen he is in Europe and he only
dds to the consuming force. In time
the foreign immigration will decrease in
actual numbers, as it is already decreas
ing relatively. The number of born
Americans is every year larger, and will
increase for years; but the inducements
for foreigners to come here will grow les
and less. The immigration question is
therefore largely one of the imagination,
so long as it is confined to the Caucasian
race. ,Tlhe politicians who are disturbed
over it live a quarter of a century too
late. This country has passed success
fully through the danger they now think
they see in the future. Whatever peril
ther-e may may have been in that ques
tion when the 'nation was young and the
native population small has now passed
away.-San Francisco Call.
The Power to Prohibit.
When a legislature says that on cer
tain conditions a man shall be authorized
to sell intoxicating liquors, and that un
less he meets those conditions he sall
not have the right to do it, the legisla
ture by that act assumes the right to
prohibit the sale of liquors; for if its
prescribed conditions are such that no
one will accept them, prohibition be
comes a fact, if the law is enforced; and
whether it is enforced or not, the legis
lature has recognized the principle and
has assumed prohibitory power. It does
the same when it enacts that no person
shall sell intoxicating drinks as a bever
age from 12 o'clock midnight until six
o'clock in the morning. If for the pub
lic good, and because the public interest
is promoted by it, a law can be made to
close the saloons a part of the time, for
the same reason a law could be made to
close them all the time. If to promote
this public good it is right to restrict the
business, it is right, for the public good,
to annihilate business. This is what law
is for, and it is not only its legitunate
function, it is its solemn duty as well to
abate nuisances, to put an end to crime,
andi at all possible po1int to protect so
ciety. There is no more reason to
question the right of the government to
forbid the sale of intoxicating liquors as
beverages than to question its right to
forbid arson and murder. It has as
much right to close saloons as it has to
close gambling dens and houses of pros
titution. Having the right to piohibit .
for an hour, it has the right to prohibit
fprever. Legislation which already ex
ists assumes all the constitutional power
necessary to make prohibition a fact,
and what we need now is not more legis
lative function, but a public opinion
which will demand the necessary legisla
tion and the enforcement of the law.
The voter is the power behind the throne
in this country. The lawmaker listens
for the voice of his constituents, and the
executive olficer does the same thing,
and if the voice is suiliciently imperative
it is regarded. A mere whisper is not
enough, but when it thunders it is usual
ly obeyed.-Western Christian Advocate.
!r liaine tried to enjoy himself at 3Mr.
Arthur's funeral, but it was not thought he
had asnuih fun as 3Mr. Arthur's friends
had at Mr. ilnin's funeral