Newspaper Page Text
VOL. 11. MANNIN(J, CLAARENDO N'L -NTY, S. C9., WVEINES1)A, YD ECEM8ER NO.5?.
THE ; R1.iU. L . 1i i .
-rT: VOUK uGN: IN i: " '
The LawmaktIerz. Nettle 0911.. ti) Ill
Work ---M:WanyMrovlimn and
The second week of the s,-in of
1.S; Was mirked by the introth:etion
the usual number of bills, some
tant, some needless-sonc tL. wi2 pass,
many that will sulfer the def*at a:ey de
The General Assembiv le settled
down to actual work, and the fruit of its
labors will ere long be visible the peo
ple. We give below a synopsi.s of the
proceedings, condensed from ihe daily
The Senate's siwert ession v a very
busy one. Many bills were i.: roduced.
a large number of reports were tumade and
the Calendar was cleared of all measures
except those provocative of speech
making. There was objectia to the
consideration of the Charleston and
Summerville reassessment bi:l, and it
went over until to-morrow. W> Ien the
came up for its second reading Senator
Hemphill made the objection that the
printed bill had not been on the desks
of members for twenty-four honrs as re
quired by the rules. Senato- McMaester
had it made the special order for Friday
at 1 p. m.
Senator Edward's South Carolina Col
lege tuition bill, with its unfavorable re
port, was made the special order for
Thursday at 1 o'clock.
The bill in Telation to burning or cut
ting untenanted houses having been re
ported upon unfavorably, was recom
Several minor bills were passed and
sent to the House.
The following bills received their see
ond reading: Amending the General
Statutes in relatin to quarantine; limit
ing the number of trial justices in York
county; amending the law in regard to
the wooden buildings in the city of
Charleston; amending the chaiter of the
Eutawville Railroad Company.
Senator Smvthe introduced the follow
ing concurrent resolution:
"That the committee on printing of
the two Houses be instructed to inquire
and report at as early a day as posib
whether the method of priting the
official reports of the State oeers and
of the Acts of the General Asse-nbly can
nzt be' so altered that much of :he blank
space now appearing therein. - shal be
hereafter saved. Also, w'h..-her the
printing of so much duplieae matter
cannot be avoided. Also, as th- 4e pro
priety of requiring each se verv d epart
ment of the State Government to report
annually the expense of printing incurred
by such department. Also. :.s to the
propriety of omitting any pc~:t of the
matter now annually printee at a great
expense to the State GovernI :Lt."
The following new neasures were in
troduced: Bill to regulate ti! public
printing. This bill is designe to pre
vent the allowance of unnece rv "fat"
in Publishing the annual repur; of State
oicers, and is of a geneal rdormitory
nature. Bill to amend Sectior !,028 of
the General Statutes, fixing the trustees
of the University. The bill provides
that the trustees shall consist of the
Governor, ex-offleio, and tv; o members
from each Congressional distriet, to be
elected by the General Assei:bly, one
from each district for a terian of two
v-ears, and one for a term of four years.
After the first election the tenxu of office
shall be four years. No professor or
judicial officer of the State shall be
eligible to election.
Bill to regulate the sentence of pris
oners to the upenitentiary. This bill pro
vides that all persons sentenced to im
prisonment for a term not longer than
one year shall be confined in the county
jails and reouired to do such work in the
counties as mnay be required by law; bill
requiring certain persons sentenced to
imprisonment in county jails to work on
roads, streets or other public works, and
punishing the escapes of prLaoners sen
tenced to impri'sonment in couinty jails:
bill amending the charter of K-ingstree;
proposing an amendment to Article IV
of the Constitution. This provides for
a Court of Probate in each county, with
jurisdiction in all matters testamentary
and of administration in business apper
taining to minors and the aihtment of
dower in cases of idiocy and insanity;
abolishing the ofice of jury comnussion
er; amending the charter of tihe town of
Hampton; providing for the taxation of
dogs'and bitches. The tax is one dolar
a head and the money is to go to the
county treasury: to strike out Stetions
595 and 59G of the General Statutes, re
lating to the privilege tax on fertilizers,
and substitute others in lieu thereoi.
This bill is designed to prevent frauds
in fertilizers; joint resolution to ratify~
the census amendment to the Constitu
tion; to provide fo- transporting con
victs to the penitentiar-y by the~ peniten
At 1 o'clock on Tuesday, :m thx ult. th(
Senate, accepting the invitation of the
House, proceeded to the Hall of Repre
sentatives and joined in the Legisl?ativt
procession to the Opera }louse to p1
ticipate in the inauguration cerermonie-.
At 2 o'clock, the inaugur-ation bein
over, the Senate chamber was age'
illea. Lieutenant Goveruor Mauldir
and President p:- tempore iilar oAccL
pied seats at the~ Presidenit's d
Governor RichrdIson and ex-Goveran
Sheppard sat somershat 'oehind te
At 2.03 IPres-ident tzlr led the SenaI
to order and saUi
"'Gentlem'en of the Senate, .I
paesure in. introducing to- you Lieute'
ant Governor Mauldin, who has anahl
now rceady toasswne thee duis of Pr
detof the Senate."
Lieutenant Governor \l'n :i
vancing to the deLsk, r-nd the folki
brief address in a ele vi ce andt wi
deliberate enlunci :ion:
"'Gentlemneu of 11-. Senatt: The ntM
of the peop'le of SouthI Car'ina calls:s
my presence here ;o-day t-> assmo~
oilcial duties as your presiding oniec
k~maiu t the t'anet extent mv in:
prien'e- in this nev and responsible po.
ii. 1 bespeak yocur kindest considera
in i artiest eilorts to serve you
and f'acilitate the business of your hon
orable body. Actuated . as I know vou
vne and all iare by a patriotic intention
to ad'vauee thu. bet interests of the peo
p inI cuntident that whatever differ
ences in dise*_ssion may arise between
-ou will be controlled within proper and
'courteouis bounds, and promoted alone
bv a purpose to seek and do the right.
TIe ho'lin-g of public office brings with
it, at a'll nes, grave responsibilities.
MIore esnecially is this true in the pres
et coniition of our State. We are just
p- I'ng tirough a year of serious and
materiid disasters. The honest and
I 'borious efforts of our people have been
but poorly rewardcd. In addition to
the filure ut our crops, caused by un
propitious seasons, we have incurred the
sad destruction of life and property in
the chief city oz our State. la view of
these unexampled misforttues it be
hoovcs us, as the servants of the people,
to act v ith the greatest caution, to the
end thal we may justify the confidence
of the people and give theni wise, pru
dent and economical laws. I am sure
that everv Senator upon this Iloor ap
preciate. the intelligent needs of the
State, and that such measures will re
ceive your approval and support as will
tend to promote the public good and
advance the moral and material welfare
of the people. Trusting that a kind
Providence will direct your every etiort,
I now announce that the Senate is ready
to proceed with business."
Resolutions complimentary to General
Izlar, President pro tem., were unani
The first real debate of the session
occurred in the Senate Wednesday, the
occasion being the bill providing for a
reassessment of property in poi tions of
Charleston, Berkeley and Colleton coun
ties. Some of the most important pro
visions of the bill would have failed but
for the support of the Senators from
Richland, Anderson and Spartanburg.
Senator Wofford moved that on Wed
nesday, December 8, the Senate consid
er, as a snecial order, resolutions on the
death of ~Senators E. H. Bobo, oif Spar
tanburg, and R. P. Todd. of Laurens.
Senator Patterson renewed his con
current resolution on the Columbia
Canal, that the legality of a transfer of
the State's interest to the city of Colum
bia be inquired into, leaving the investi
gation, however, to the select committee
already provided for by Senator Sligh's
motion, instead of to the finince and
ways and means committees as originally
proposed. There was no objection, and
the resolition was manimously adopted.
The judiciary committee reported a
ill cLzrrying out the snggestions of
Governor Sheppard as tu the swearing
of witnesses by the foreman of thle grand
jar'. The same committee reixrted
'avurably on bills ratifying ti: amend
ments to the Constitution relating to the
census and to State bonds.
The committee on education reported
unfavoraby on Senator Murray's bill
chauging the method of elcetirg trustees
of the- Universitv.
The committee on county ofl ces and
oilicers reported unfavorably on the bill
abolishi'ng the oflice of jury coiimnission
T4e agricultural connlaistee reported
favcraiblv on Senator Youman:,s bill to
prevent certain frauds in fertilizers, and
submitted a favorable report wii Ii amend
ments on the bill exempting : certain
portion of Marion county from the
operations of the stock law.
The committee on printing recoium
mended the passage of Sen-itor MIurray's
bill to regulate the public print iug.
The judiciary committee reported a
joint resolution carrying out Governor
Sheppard's suggestion as to extra com
pensation for the attorney general for
extr' services in the Blue Ridge Scrip
cases. The amount proposed to be ap
propriated is $1,000.
The following were introduced: Pro
viding for the transportation of convicts
to the State penitentiary; providing for
the collection of taxes due upon forfeited
lands, and to restore such lands to the
tax books; prohibiting the sale of eigar
ettes to persons under the age of fifteen
years; amending the law in relation to
highway s and bridges. This bill abol
ishes the office of superintendent of
highways, and devolves its duties upon
the county commissioners; authorizing
county auditors to destroy tax returns
aft r two years
FThe bill to reduce the assessment of
real estate in Charleston, in conmequeuee
of the earthquake, was passed to its third
reading, and afterwards read a third time
and sent to the House.
A concurrent resolution was adopted,
to direct the Attorney General to enforce
the State's claim against Corbin & Stone.
The bill to authorize county commis
soners and conty school commissioners
to borrow money was killed.
The resolution to authorize the State
Board of Agriculture to erect buildings
and make and exhibit of the resources of
the State at the proposed Inter-State
summer agricultural encanmpment at
Spartanburg was opposed b1 Senator
3oody, who moved to strike out the re
solving' clause. After some debate Sena-.
tor Muarrav onbered an amendmaent pro
v iding that no buildings be erected unless
the site w'as deeded to the State, and
limiting the expenditure to 81,U00. This
w as aidotd and the resolution passed.
Senator Edwards called for the special
order, his bill providing that a tuition fec
of 8'00 be charged students in the South
Car olna' College. This bill had been
unavorably rep)ortedL by the judiciary
comittee. A minority, one-third *f the
comlmittee, had ieported in favor ofa
tuit ion fee of 850. Senator Edwarat
mo' to indnitely postpone the report
of te cnuniteeand take up thme biL
He. then spoke iL favor of the bili. A
'lie close of his remai rks the furthier conm
.ideaton of the bill wa s postponed ti[l
the sth ins.
i. u* in inr cne . iulu: reohnmt~u
> et Io the pen~itenutiary '!n the t'
A bil to-'L. a md : .h ::: :i..:heT ,
* IIIc Le'ath Ic Carlin I ix wh lu!
i ;u!:ite puli pwinting w~
ed t a hir rahi. i :- ..
pr blio g the -o oher AgrI~iculthe Coupr
troller General. to be embraced in his re
1It:u . " 4 r aetpin atim.
Among the new bills introduced are
the following: Bill to amend the Act di
viding the State into seven Congression
al districts. The plan proposed is to
take Beaufort county from the 7th and
tack it on to the 3rd (Uncle Geurge
Tillman's) district. That poition of
Orangeburg county now in the 7th dis
trict is to be tacked on to the 1st i Dib
ble's) district, and that portion of Rich
land now in the 7th district on to the 4th
Bill to create two new voting precinets
in Kershaw county; bill to provide for
taxation of dogs in this State and to
direct the apphcation of said tax; bill in
relation to the bond of Prol bate Ju adge
of Williamsburg county; joint resolution
authorizing the county comnnissioners of
Greenville county to borrow a sufficient
sum to iay off the jurors and witnesses:
bill to abolish the lien law; a Constitu
tional amendment abolishing the home
stead exemption: bill to redace the sla
ries of school commissioner to $100: bill
to abolish auditor and require the treas
urer to perform the duties; bill to repeal
the office of register of nesne convey
anee for Greenville, and devolve the
duties thereof on the lerk: bill to make
municipal corporations liable for torts:
bill to change the name and amend the
charter of the Chester, Greenwood and
Abbeville R'ailroad Company: Mr. Hiar
per bill to regulate the costs of dicting
prisoners in county jails; bill to regtiaate
and fix the salaries of school commis
Among the bills reported by the judi
ciary committee was one to amend S
tion 1,T31 of the General Statutes, re
lating to the selling of intoxicating
liquors, &c. The report was unfavora
ble, and in the general rush of routine
work the bill was rcjected. Mr. Dantz
ler, of Orangeburg, the author of the
bill, moved a reconsideration of the bill,
I with permission to take the floor and
make a few remarks. Mr. Dant:der'
stated that under the law as it is now
written an insignificantly small commu
nity could organize, get a charter and
sell spirits under the local -ption law.
The amendment proposed to limit the
sale of liquors to towns of not less than
500 inhabitants. The bill was placed on
The last bill passed before adjourning I
for the inauguration was one to limit the
numoer of trial justices in York county.
During the passage of the bill fr.
Ready, of Edgefield, offered an amend
ment requiring official bonds of . 1100
from the justices and constables. In
support of his amendment Mr. Ready
took occaion to say that it was a noton
ous fact that niany trial justices in the'
State had collected pablic funds and Iai
never accounted for them. lie thought
that by bonding these ombcials the State
would be protected and a better class ot
men secured for the service.
Mr. Wilson, the author, explained tht
the bill threw sullicient safeguarlIs
arourd the ofi cials, and besides it wa
purelv local measure.
The amendment was voted down and,
the bill ordered for a final reading.
The only measure that has conic direct
from the Farners' Convention is a bill
of which MIr. Tiudal, of Clarendon, gave.
uotie some days ago. It was preparet.
by the committee of the Fanners' Asso
efation appointed for the purpose, and is
intended to give to the FIarIers' Asio,
ciation the control and management of
the bureau of agriculture. The bili is,
very long and its details elaborate.
The following is a brief outline of its
Section 1. A board of agriculture i
created to be known as "thie South Caro
lina Board of Agriculture" to consist of
ten members, live of whom arc to be
elected annually. Term of ollice tw
years. Vacancies to be tilled by thec
board itself. The president of the board
is to serve for one year.
Section :1 names as the first b~oard1 theC
gentlemen selected by the recent Farm
ers' Convention, viz: D). K. Norris
Johnson Hagood, ES. T. Stackhouse, R.
A. Love, E. L. Rivers. Allan Johnston,
B. R. Tilman, A. E. Davis, 3I. L. Don
aldson and D). P. Dunean. These are to
meet and select five of their number to~
serve for one year the remaining live two'
- Section 3. A meeting of the board is
to be held every year in the city of Co-,
lumabia, on the second Tuesday of No
vember; together with the board there
shall be a Convention of five delegates
from each County Farmers' Association,
who are made, for the time being, ex
officio members of the board, "for the
purpose of deliberation and consulta
tion as to the wants, prospects and con
dition of the agricultural interests
throughout the State, and to fill all
vacancies in the board."
Section 4 grants the usual corp~orate
rights to the board.
Section 5 fixes the compensation of
the members at three dollars per diem
while engaged in the performance of
their duties (not exceeding fiften days
in a year, and live cents per mile travel
Section 6 provides that the iuembers
of the board elected at these annual
Conventions shndl be submitted to the
General Assembly foi confirmation, withi
the right oa the part of the Legislature
to reject any of them and elect others in
Section 7 prescribes the duties of the
board to make annual reports to the
Legislature, a general review of the con
dtion of agriculture, ac.. estimates of
money required, no money to be drawn
rom the treasury excent under specific
appiopr iation by the General Assembly
on warrants drawni lby the secretary and
coulnters.igned by the president of the
Sectioni a pixd. for the election by
the bo ard~ of "a secretary" or "'executive
oilicer"* of the board, compensation
The board may :aso elect a crk or
clers to assist him, salaries --dollars.
Scretary 's bond, .$>,ii0.
Section o rescribes the gelienda duties
0f the'n s~eairy, which are about the
same ats tI se perfonn~ed by the present
S "ection 14) provides for the distrihu
tion, by the secretary, of all seeds,
plants, trees and shrubbery received b
iSectioni 1i rela3tes to ti:. '(1 (ol ein of
staisties, .ke., and provides thatt thle set'
retary shall "aessist and co-operate with
the state Agrieultural Society to malle
th' eCouIrLgement in his power to the
county fair associations."
Sectiou gives the secrctary, under
iu trulctions of the board, the poor to
rantin.Le in cases of cntagious dis
vases, among tc, nnls e
S ion 1:- direc ts the secretary to col
ct nts per ton on commereih: fer
tiliers 'old or offered for sale in the
State, the moey to be paid into the
state trz::urV to the k.redit of the board.
Ralro ad comupanies and other common
carriers are prohibited from delivering
any fertilizer that does not bear the pre
scribed tag. Railroads and other com
mon carriers are required to keep a
recorl of all fertilizers transported by
them, andi report to the secretary the
namies of shliiperi consignees and dates
of del'very. Said report to be irade on
the I ti of July annually, under a pen
alty of not less than 81 00 nor uere than
-A,00, or isonmet.
Section c:qeuires tags to 1.e allixed
to eah p-te'ekge of fertiiZe showing the
net po.':als, name' of manufacturer, and
a chm.. an-alysis showing "the per
centae tf nitrogei or its equivilent in
ammoni in. any available form of potash
solubl1 w-ater, and of phosphoric acid
in an:"::iiable form soluble or reverted,
as w : he total phosphor:t acid."
Seei in requires mnanufacturers and
seller. t: fertilizers to deposit samples
of thei s with the secretary.
in . The secretary is consti
tuted hie te inspector of fertilizers,
and he or :is deputy are authorized to
open ai :;Lvzc s,mples of all fertiliz
ers exid for e.
See: rovides for tho appoint
me. Lb bxhrd of a Sta.to chemist,
and prescribes his duties.
Section IS provides that no person
shl offer for sale "any pulverized leath
er, raw, steamed, roasted, or in ainy form
as a fertilizer rr as an ingredient" with
out attai'ing to every package of it a
certificate of that fact.
Section 19 provides the penalties for
violating these provisions; fine from
$1(0 to S500, or imprisonment from
thirty days to six months.
Section 20. The powers and duties
heretofore exercised by the State board
of agriculture in connoction with the
collection of phosphate royalty are, by
this section, transferred to the co'mr- -)I
Section 21. Sixty days after the pass
age of this Act the commissione- of agri
culture be directed to turn over to the
new board all the property, &c.
Section 22 appropriates the sum of
$15,00 to defray the expenses of the
new board for the current fiscal year.
Section 2:3 gives the board supervision
of the fish interests of the State.
Section 24 contains the usual repeal
ing clause of all Acts inconsistent, ke.
The following are among the -new bills
introduced: Bill to regu late the sale of
liquor by prescription in towns where
the local option law prevails; biN to re
quire persons fishing' with seines o regis
ter their names in the clerk's oii, and
to give bond not to violate the flih laws;
bill ti devolve the duties of supervisor
of registration upon jury commissioners;
bill to amend Section 13, Chapter 2, of
the General Statutes, relating to the
compensation of members of the Geiieral
Assemblv: bill to make slander a crimi
ul OffIense; hill to charter the Chester
and New'erry Railroad; bill to punish
the stealing of melons, fruits, !otatocs
or turnips, whether severed fir om the
freehold or not; bill to reduce tle salary
Of the trial justice at the town of Man
ning; iili to limit the number of trial
justices in Edgetield county; bill to au
thorize the county commissioners of
Clarendon to borrow money.
The bill to abolish thre salarv of the
office of Lieutenant Governor waspassed
to its thir.I reading. The bill provides
that that officer shall receive only $10
per diem and m'ileagec during the session
of the General Assembly. A motion was
made to reduce the per diem to S5, but
this was voted down. c'nder the pres
ent '.aw the Liutenat Governor gets
$1,000 per annum in addition to his per
diem duriing the -essio~n of the Legisla
ture. F'uture Lieutena~nt Governors will
receive only about 8300f per annum all
The bill to amend Section 2,62) of the
General Statutes, relating to drawing
and terms of service of grand jurors was
passed to its third reading. In effect it
makes a thorough change in the jury
system so far as it relates to grand
juries. As explained by its author it
proposes to make the grand jury a per
petuual body, constituted on the same
plan as the State Senate is constituted.
The officers of Court to diraw venires on
December, 1888, two revives of 9 men
each, thus making 1$ grand jurors.
Nine of these arc to serve for one year
and 9 Or two .'ears. Afteor the expira
tion of one year only 9 jurors are drawn.
every year, so that there will bre 9 old
jurors and l' new jurors on every grand
jury. The judiciary conmmrittee had re
ported the bill unfavorably, and desig
nated Mr. S. P. Hamilton to "conduct
the case" a~s it were. Mr. Hamilton,
therefore, moved to strike out the enact
ing clause. The muotion was lost, and
the bill passed, as before stated.
The bill authorizing tihe foremen of
grand jruries to admaini'tr oaths to wit
ness snumoned by the solicitor was
passed to a third reading.
dohn cmittees, in their reports, sat
down pon uite a number of b~illS,
among them the following: Bill to limit
the rate of interest to 7 per cent.; bill
uroviding for a "horizontal" reduction
in the salaries of all the State officers;
bill to abolish the ollice of registrar of
mesne conveyance in Gxreenville county,
tuis ill was rejected and killed "out of
hand;' bili to regulate the sale of
liur by druggists: bill to make slain
der crmiual oilee, (this bill was also
illedi bill to reduce the salaries of Su
preme and Circuit .iudges. All these.
witi: Ch exction of the two specilledl,
'no on the Calendar for discussion.
I Favor bl r. eporats wnre submitted on
the rarmuer Agricuiltundl Bureau. nijl,
thei text' of which has already beeni pub'
. r::soluin waLs adopted pronhibiting
thle itrodutin of hills in thre Homui
aftr te iithinsan .r.
endiraelig sow 1 Lil t'n amend the
io iu *e lati :' *itionn fee in !! P
niversit \: in relion ' to trial justices
in at'*ie cunty: t' reduIce the sJlai
ri's ot sunrdry otlicers in P'ickenscouty:
to regulate t'~ weiging if haled cotton:
t o repeal Se: ti.~ nu ofn the Act to estrdb
lisih the nriorities of certain statutory
liens: to aniend Section -:,3:-. Genen
Statutes. in relation to the enforcememlt
of agricultural liens; to exmnpt certain
portions of Colleton county from i.e
operation of the stoek law: to anud
Section 2,5., i, Gemeral Statute, m1 rela
tion to the trade in cotton Pl "ed: to re
peal the law requiring the pubieation of
the annual reports of the county coi
missioners and school commissioners:
bill to ratify the constitutional amend
ment relative to the census: bill to pro
hibit the mortgaging of erops in South
Carolina: bill to have a reassessment of
the realty of the State made; bill to pro
hibit coroorations from charging more
for wegliinig cotton than is actually nece
1 essarv to nav the weigher: bill to allow
all Confederate soldiers who have lost a
limb or are otherwise unable to earn a
living in consetmnence of womaus re
eeived in the service of tiheir country,
and who have rcsided withinm the State
for teni :ea*., . have received no pay
from any -th. state, to have and re
ceive the s1'nk aLsistance as South Caro
lina soldiers are allowed.
The bill to reveal the Prohibitory Law
in Barnwell comity was passed without
The bill to allow witnesses in criminal
I cases to be ezamined by commission was
amended and pass- d to a third icading.
Several bills of local interest were in
troduced, and a few ,f like character
were passed to a third reading.
Vhen the hill prohibitirg lces to
be issu.d in I.ton of eS. th.n Ove 111im
dred ihb:., as -chd!he de
bastes~ bee:me IV-.'1e,-rs. Johu C. Hl:is
keli in( Jhn C. -eegers taking an active
A moti'n to enacting claue
was lost, by 55 o5:1: a bsent 16.
An amen(ment to strike out So' and in
sert 200 was lost.
A notlion to postpou- was laSt, by 6,1 to
The temper of the I louse wa:s to tMIish
the secowl readin. :;l pa-ss the h,11 t, a
third reading, which w:s assured by the
vote to strike out the enicting clause.
L.EE'S 1MVIIOOD) i.0YN-.
somei, In tterestin:: Fie A but the 4uit It of
the Sonl III1. Hero.
I have to-day, says a correspondent of
the Philadelphia Bulletin, writing from
Rome, Italy, seen at Mr. Ezekiel's studio
the clay model of General Lee as a boy
of 14, which, it is hoped, will be erected
in marble in front of the house of Lee's
childhood in Westmoreland county, Va.,
on the site of the tombs of many of his
followers who fell in the war. The
figure is exceedingly characteristic and
full of life, and the face rejuvenated by
Mr. Ezekiel from his owi bronze por
trait model of the General in later life
gives eloquently the promise of what was
to come. "Tie boy is father to the'
man" here in very truth. The right
hand, holding a little, simple cap, rests
on the small stump of an oak tre', while
the left, ibrought up to about the level
of the waist, clasps a Bible, with one
tinger between the- leaves. The youth
ful tigure is slightly tu-ned from right
to left, and the head is erect and thrown
back a litlle, as if to catch the light
breeze which blows apart the fold of the
boy's simple blouse and reveals in part
the promise of strength and compact
ness in the figue. TUe small feet for
which the Lee family are famous, are
finely modeled, as also the slim, boyih
leg, in its neat stocking and breeches
buttoning below the knee. I had, by a
were chance, an interesting opportunity
of judging the faithfulness of the like
ness as a mere likeness, if hereditary re
semblances are to count for anything.
While I was examining the figure in de
tail there came into the studio a lady
with three pretty daughters, who was in
troduced to me as MIrs. Cooper, daugh
ter of General Lee's first cousin. One
of the roung ladies, aged about 15, bore
so strik'ig a resemblance to the boyish
portrait of her illustrious relative as to
make it certain even to a stranger's eye
that they were of the same stock; and,
indeed,~3Irs. Cooper (who is usually
called the "niece" of General Lee,
though really the cousin once removed,
and was on ternms of the greatest aftfec
tion and confidence with him) declared
that any member of the family must be
satisfied with the striking likeness, apart
from the artistic merit of the work.
The Florida orange crop is the earliest
in the market, and although the heaviest
shipments are made later, the receipts
up to the p)resent timie, together with
the reports from owners of groves in
Florida, show that this year's crop will
be at least one-hal', and possibly two
thirds as large as that of last year. The
first oranges received in Boston were iun
ripe and sour, but they have improvedl
during the last two or three weeks, and
the latest consignments are sweet and
heavy. The fact that the price ranges
from three dollars to three and a quar
ter a box-abouit the saume as last year
is an indication that the principal dealers
do not anticipate a special scarcity. The
Florida oranges, when at their best, are
superior to any others in the market,
and the demand for them has s>in
creased, that, while few shipments were
made ten years ago, they are now sold
in large quantities. 'The lest of the
Florida crop is received ab out Christmas
or a little later, and the great golden
globes tilled with the sweetest of fruit
juices, are as delicious and wholesome
as any fruit to be found-nourishing to
'the sick, and equally inviting to the
healthful appetite.-B~oston Tr-anseript.
W heno Peol We-igih .'In.
Aceording to experliments carried out
by the Belgian savant Quetelet, says a
recent Paris letter, a man attaons mns
maximumn weight 1,2werd hislh or
11(1 begilns to lose it senisibly towar :i.
x0t yer. A wonium, however, doe'm
ttin her maximum weight unti
5lth year. The age at wh'eh pople ,.
tan 'thir maximum weight ad
wight itslf dither in the ditlerent c e
o societ. ini the amnent elasss
.veage sai.smnm weight i, 17- peu jOi'',~
ad is attined.. at 50) years of age. Ie
the~ artisan elass it is 11 p'ounds, t
taied at I'. Among1 farm inborer
cral ela'vses it is- li pounds, auin
rechmedl between and 50l years o'
iation to the recignii'ion of the Confed
er''v whichi wa- made on behalf of the
ikeror Nanoleon. The date was not
11Uinum. Out I imagine that it must
lvexe been at about the time that the
ilerai Gov(rnnift was in the straits
whih \lr. Swint;o has described. It
wasn in :lav or June. 161. The
.,tory -s i!t Was give'n to me, is as fol
Ir. Slidell had had a pleasaut ac
quaintance with M. 3Iocquard, the pri
vate Lecretary of the Emperor Napoleon,
who rame to him at last with a mes
sage from his imperial master. 31.
Mocquard told Mr. Slidell that the Em
peror cionsidered it for the interest of
Franc, to assist the Confederate States
to obtain their independence, and that
he was anxious to give his assistance to
that cud. "But," said 1. Mocquard,
"England is unwilling to act with "us,
and the opposition to slavery, whether
the opposition be sentimental or not, is
so strong that the Emperor feels that he
cannot, especially when acting alone,
take a step that would have the effxt of
establishiig a government which has
slavery as a basis. If, however," con
tinued 31. Mocquard, "the Confederate
Government will, by treaty with France.
consent to the gradual emancipation of
the slaves, no matter what length of
time be taken to complete the operation,
the Emperor will officially recognize the
Confederate States as an independent
nation, and order the immediate release
of the ironclads which have been built
for the Confederate Government.'
Mfr. Slidell was astounded at this
proposition, but proceeded to explair to
A. M1ocquard that slavery was a matter
over which the Confederacy had no con
trol, as the States alone had authority to
deal with their domestic institutions, and
that each State would have to decide for
itself whether to agree to what had been
proposed. Mr. Slidell, at the same time,
expressed the opinion that the States
forming the Southern Confeaeracy
would not consent to abolish slavery.
31. o10cquard mmrmured his regrets and
A few days later the Emperor's private
secretary made his appearance again,
and told Mr. Slidell that he had a new
suggestion. "The Emperor," he said,
"will not question what you say about
the powers of the Confederate Govern- j
ment, but will be fully satistied if you,
on behalf of your Government, will sign
such a treaty as was ontlined in the first
interview." "But," said Ir. Slidell, I
have not the power; .I have not the au
thority to make any such treaty. It
would be nothi:ng but wtaste paper.
"Never mind that," said 31. Mocquitrd,
--because, before any disavowal can take
place, the Confederacy will have been
recognized by France, the Confederate
ironelads will have raised the blockade
of the Southern ports, and those who
then question France's action must be
prepared for war." 31r. Slidell insisted
that lie could not dream of taking so un
precedented a ztep, and, after some ex
p Otulation, 1. -\1ocquard took lis
leave. With hin the last hope of the
Confederaev had vanihed.
It strikes the ordinary Con federate,
who was not a diplomatist, that Mr.
Slidell could very well have accepted the
Ofer which was inade to him when he
knew that by doing so he would have
secred the freedom of his people.
What if he had bei; reprimaided?
What if he had been accusil of treason?
What i he had been taken ut by a
Richmond mob andl swung to a lamp
post? OneC life, even Mr. Siidell's life,
would have beeni an insignificant price
to pay for the fruition of oal our hopes,
whielh France's action would hatve in
sured. But MIr. Sli dl moved by rule
and line, andl, had he becii iin the army,
would have refused, no doubt, to have
defeated thle enemy at all, unless he
coldd have defeated them in strict ae
(ordance with the theory of war:as given
by' Jomini and other writers on militar
How'eame it to be known that such a
proposition wams made? MIr. Slideli re
prt'd it to his Gloverinent. Et wa
usual to send all dispatches in duplicate,
because of the risk of loss in runnig
the b~loc.kade. Onie of the dispatche
was sent always to the Confederate agent
at Nassau. 1i his temporary absence,
the dispatches of Mr. Nideli were dle
livered to the friend who had been
choseni as his representative. It was ex
pectedt that the dispatches should be
oened and read, in order, perhaps, that
an additional copy might be retained.
Among the dispatches which camne into
the hands of the temporary agent of thc
Government at Nassau was the dispatch
covering the narrative which has been
Soame months ago Fiamentionedt this to
Ir. Jolin Bigelow, who was consul gen
eat~ Pa'ri' during the civil war. MIr.
Bielow was contident that no such
propostion as that which is attributed to
3[. "Ioecard was ever made, as he
woubl have been sure to have hieard of
t. I can fancy that there were many
things in French diplcomacy during the
war that were not dreamed of by either
3inister Dayton or charming 3Ir. Bige
.A Lady -lunmpsNiaarnm.
N iagara's damnger's have one mo re beeni
brv:.tis time by "a'pe itrnette,
're\ i:-d I '"in comipanyl with G.eorge
Ia eu. " gointhough thle rapid- :-afly in
pdhaeI barr. Sai Alle is
ud.N. .)djyrizedt. Efe andi~
s ' ther.I ieto fiok
iamL ie were bund. Tim ie re
abi o b -znenle nde cotr 1o hit.
Uneedoutthi ' tuel. Lrge boii'eso
NINETY MILES OF WOODS AFIRE.
The Forests In a Blaze-Fearful cenen Alon;
the Central and Northeastern Railroads.
Th- passeners oil the Columbia special
train of the Atlantic Coast Line, wnich
reached Charleston at 9.10 last night, had
an opportunity of witnessing forest fires of
rare extent and brilliancy. The woods
1 were on tire almost continuously from Sum
ter to within five miles of Charleston, a
distance of ninety miles.
The grandest display of the accidental
fireworks was in the section of country
lying along the Northeastern Railroad be
tween St. Stephen's depot and the Five
wile curve near Charleston. In many
places on both sides of the track the line of
fire was unbroken for miles. and in other
places the lire approached so near the track
on either sirle that the train literally ran
between walls of flame and through clouds
of blinding and asphyxhttiug smoke.
At such places the effect of the super
heated and fire-laden atmosphere was sensi
bly felt by the passengers through the thick
plate-glass of the car windows. The fire
was :lercely swept on by a stiff breeze from
the northwest, and at some points leaped
across the roadway and caught the cross
ties. The whole heavens were lighted up
with the reflection from the lurid blaze
from the dry, combustible foliage and from
the trunks .of the forest giants that had
been "boxed" for turpentine. Some of
these trees resembled piliars of flame in
motion as the train rushed by with thespeed
of a lightning express.
The woods on fire in South Carolina is a
serious occurrence. At Mon -k's Corner it
was reported that several plaatation houses
had been burned down with all their farm
attachments. At Stoney Landing it was
only by the utmost exertion that the works
were saved, the loss at that place having
been confined to the destruction of about
one hundred cords of wood. Several wood
piles and wood racks along the track were
in a blaze last night, and the loss in this
respect may be still more serious.
The people all along the line of road
were out endeavoring to check the hurri
cane of 1lame and protect their fences and
dwelling-houses. The accidental landscape
was Dantesque to a realistic degree, and
furnished the passengers with sights and
scenes equally difficult to describe or for
get.-New* and Courier.
E.LtuE BlRANcH, December 1.-A severe
forest fire started yesterday morning in this
neirhlborhood and, but for Providential in
terference,the whole village would have been
consumed. The tire was fought by men,
women and children, foot for foot, but the
strong southwesterly winds drove the fire
through the village, burning fencing and
threatening houses which were saved by
almost superhuman efforts on the part of
the workers. At last the tire got into 100
cords of wood. corded 200 feet north of
the depot. and in a moment the flames were
comInumicated to two flat cars on the side
track, partly loaded with wood, and over
the railroad to an old large mill shed, which
was quickly consumed. At this juncture
every hope of saving the village was given
up, as the depot, two stores, a ginhouse, a
dweiling-house and a large stable were in
close proximity to each other and to the
fire. The people became panic-stricken,
and only thought of saving as much out of
their houses as possible. At last a desper
ate stand was taken opposite the depot and
the fury of the flames stopped. Gen. W.
Stokes'is the severest sufferer by the fire,
having lost from $700 to $1,000 by wood,
fencing and houses.
AJ 1)o(g Wi'e in Hi' Generation.
-Ever hear of a dog that would swal
low money?" asked a man with thin lips
who stood on a street corner yesterday
"They've got a beast up at Billy
Wright's that is ahead of anything of
his kind I ever saw. His name is D)an
ger, and an uglier looking brute I never
saw. When he was a pup agrip car run
over him and nearly ended his career.
He had just begun to convalesce, and
was siuning himself on the pavement
one day, when a hansom cab swung
around the corner, and, runng over
him, broke his back. But, despite his
deformities, Danger is a great dog.
Drop a small coin on the floor and he
will swallow it quicker than lightning.
Why, it is only a few days ago that he
swallowed $1.70 in pennmes, and yester
day he gulped dlown a half dollar piece.
A drunken man entered Wright's place
last week and tossed a quarter on the
counter in payment for a glass of beer.
Receiving two ten-cent pieces in change,
he attempted to thrust the coinsinto his
pocket, but his hand being unsteady,
one of the little silver pieces fell to the
floor. Daniger was upon it in an in
stant, and a second later it slipped down
"Where did that dime go?" asked the
toper in surprise.
"Dog swallowed it," replied the bar
"That dlog swallow it?"
'Oh, I guess not."
"Well, if you don't believe it, drop
the other dime."
"The customer looked at the barkeep
er and then at the dog.
"Well, we'll see if he did," he said at
length, as he dropped the other coin on
the floor. There was a rush, a clang
of chops, and then Danger wiped his
whiskers witni his tongue and looked for
"Well, Em-," said the man, in a
"Give him a dollar," gturgled the fel
low back of the buar.
"Give him a dollar?" iterated the cus
turmer. "Nixy; not in a thousand years."
.A comict's Mait Sacred.
:LE~VEL.ND, Ohio. November 30.-A
letter addressed to a prisoner in the Cleve
land workhouse was opened by an otlcer
of the institution, found to contain money,
and laid away in the safe until the prison
e's term should expire. When he was
rleased the mianagenment forgot to give
him the letter with the mouey, and it re
miainied ini thie safe until traced through the
postotiee, when the above state ot facts
was disclosed. The attention of the United
States authorities here having beeu called
to this case. the qulestion has been freely
discussed whether- the pracetice of opening
letters adldreswed toi prisoner-s. which is
common to most if not aill penal institutions,
isnt a VioitionC'~ of thle L'nited States law
colcerniur the sanctity of the mails. At
the re'1uest of the Po stnaster, Assistant
i nited State- .\ttorney S. ID. D~odge has
~iveni him a writteu opinion on the subject.
It is a long~ review of the laws on this and
kndredc~ points. and. conIcludes with the
statleent that no prison oflicial hast the right
to hpen a piri.soner's mail.
- -How many womien mary a good, sensi
bh- :nani ask. NKat1 Fibi.- inly one,~ if