Newspaper Page Text
THE MANNING TIMES.
WEDNESDAY, DEC. 8, 1886.
B. S. DINKINS, Editor.
THE COUNTY FINANCES.
The present state of the finances of
the county, in our judgment, is the
vest and most coniplex subject be
re the tax payers, and for the earn
est investigation of our Legislators at
Columbia. To those citizens familiar
with the county affairs, it is evident
that the finances are'in a most alarm
ing and wretched (. ndition. Com
mencing with, and including the fis
tal year, 1882, to the present time,
the County Commissioners have been
forced, in meeting the current ex
penses, to contract debts hundreds'
of dollars in excess of the tax money!
collected to liquidate obligations of
this character, which are denomina
ted "Ordinary county expenses."
The result of this has been, notwith- I
standing an annual special tax levy
to settle the unpaid claims, to create
a large and increasing debt; and
worse still, to completely demoralize
the credit of the county. We hazad
the assertion that, on account of this
damag* to its credit, the Commission
ers frequently find it impossible to let
out work for less than .50 per cent. of
its actual cost. Again, the effect of
this is blazingly apparent when what
are knowin as "Unpreferred claims"
are offered for sale, and 50 per cent.
is the highest amount given.
The following balances for the fis
eMl years 1882-3 and '4 remained un
paid after the tax collections for the
repctve years were disbursed:
Fiscal year 1883-S-1,350.00.
Fiscal year 1884-$2,038.00.
The balance of '82 has since been
paid in full by special levys. A half
mill tax was collected to pay the bal
ance of '83, which, being disbursed,
left $600 inpaid, and now owing.
For the deficiency of '85, by act
of the Legislature, certain unexpend
ed balances in the County Treasury
,were applied thereto, with a special
tax levy of one mill, which reduced
the debt down to $450 owing now.
Notwithstanding the application of
an annual special tax, and a consider
able sum of money, which, fortunate
ly, happened to be idle in the charge
of the Treasurer, there is still a debt
of a thousand and fifty dollars against
the county, standing from the years
,88 and '84.
This brings us down to the last fis
cal year--1885-ending 31st of last
In discharging the necessary du
-ties of their office, the County Com
Misioners, as will be seen by their
-report recently published, were forc
-ed, during the fiscal year just ended,
-to approve claims aggregating $7,724,
.90.. Since the publication of the re
ort a number of additional claims
ve been approved, and before the
last claim is handed in, it is safe to
.conclude that the total indebtedness
'will amount to $8,000 and over. How
-ever, to be sure that we are giving a
perfectly true statement of the coun
ty's financial condition for the fiscal
year, 1885, we will accept the publish
ed report as a basis of representation.
'The Auditor's abstract, which is a
enmmary of the property of the coun
ty, estimates the total taxable proper
ty at $1,485,172. To meet the ex'
penses of the fiscal year ending last
- October, and to pay which the pres
- ent taxes are beiig collected, the Leg
islature for 1885 provided a tax levy
of four milli. The utmost amount to
be realied by this levy, when the
-taxes to a cent are paid, which is nev
-er the case, is $5,940.68. To this
.amount can be added about $400 for
licenses and fines, which foots up
:46,340.68. Thus, with the most lib
oral calculation, we have the sum e
.$7,924.90 to be paid with $6,340.68;
and what is the result ? When all the
money received by the Treasurer is
paid out there will yet remain un
paid the large sum of $1,584,22. This
as a debt against the county, and will
have to be paid by a special tax levy
for the purpose. Thus, like the last
three years, the county is sunk heav
ily in debt. Its credit is being hope
lessly destroyed, and unless a ehange
is soon made it ishard to tell what
will be the final consequences. It is
economic, and has now become an ab
solute necessity, that the annual ex
penses be promptly paid at the end
of each year. In our judgment this
can be accomplished in three ways:
1st. To reduce the county expens
2nd. To make the tax levy sufli
-cient to pay the indebtedness of each
3rd, To increase the assessment
The first would be the most p~>u
lar, but at present we cannot see how
it is practicable. At the present val
uation of property, the second is the
anost available plan, and the pres
ent Board of County Commissioners,
after furnishing our Legislators of
1885 with an estimate of expenses for
the fiscal year '85, urged upon them
to make the tax levy 5 mills, which
would have just about liquidated the
debt. The third and last suggestion
appears to us to be just, proper, and
the most expeditious, but we fear that
it cannot be utilized for the fiscal year
1886. It is a well known fact "that
property in this county is not return
ed at anything like its real value or
eligprice. Complaint upon com
plithas been made about this, and
teCounty Board of Equalization
appealed to for relief, but as yet no
remedial step has been taken. It is
true that in many instances the own
ers make correct and just returns, but
in the majority of cases, lands espec
ially, are retg~rned at only a nominal
A& proper appreciation of the total
property would not only in many ways
great advantage to the owners. Tax
es which are now so high would not
be near so burdensome, because their
distribution would be equitable. But
unfortunately, unless by Legislation,
we cau't expect i-mmediate relief from
this source. Lands were returned
last year and assessed by their Equal
izing Board, in our opinion, at an in
moderately low price, which isrequir
ed by law to be done only every four
years. The Legislature can order
new returns to be taken and a new as
sessment, which, if carried out prop
erly, would make operative our last
AWe hnve endeavored as plainly as
possibl to give a clear statement of
the condition off the county. Every
one will agree with us that the pres
ent system is most wretched, and a
change for the better is imperatively
We hope our Legislators will do
something to put On a better basis,
the county's finances.
LOSS IN WEIGHTS OF COTTON.
"Farimer" Replies to the Queries of the
Editor of the News and Courier.
To the EIRtr of the Xeecs and Curier:-On
my return from the fair on Saturday I was
invited to cal on 'Mr. Dinkins, Editor of
the M:\xo Turrs, whom I tound sick and
condniad to his bed. and was shown by him
your ourteous note sent him to ascertain
the n:tue of "Fariner." author of the com
munication published in the TIrs under
(ate of NovembAer 3, and while there saw
your article calling on the Chariber of Com
merce to investigate this serious complaint
of short weights in Charleston. I am ex
tremely obliged and feel sure that it will
lead to good results without any action from
the "Farmers' Convention."
The object of my letter was to call public
attention to this matter, and if possible. to
cease this universal complaint that rises
from one end to the other of this district.
Mv cow munication to The :ews and Ccurier
solme two years ago had the sama aim in
view, but it acco::lplished nothing. This
feeling that the farmers are wronged in
weiglrs of their cotton in Charleston is very
intense, and in the same proportion as the
farmers' cotton crop falls short his sense of
loss is appreciably increased.
Please understand distinctly that the hones
ty of no particuiar factor is questioned-but
these losses have and do occur daily, and
my honest opinion is that he cannot be held
responsible for an act which he does not
himself commit. He receives at his office
the marks and weights of cotton which have
been assigned him, rendered to him by a
public weigher who is not in his employment
and whose salary is only indirectly paid
by him as wel' as others. When "farmer"
complains of loss of wcghts the factor mere
ly encloses him a statemeut of the public
weigher that these particular bales weighed
so much. You write to the factor to have
bale or bales reweighed at your expense, and
receive for reply that these bales have been
delivered to the purchaser and regret that
"irregularity of mails," &c.,-but "they
were weighed by a sworn weigher," &c., &c.,
There is no responsibility of factor to far
mer, and yet farmer has paid at the gin so
much per hundred for ginning, has paid
the railroad, as per receipt, so much per
hundred for transportation to Charleston,
and all that the poor fellow knowcs is that the
loss has come out of his hard-earned labor,
and thac he can get no redress,
Why not do away, then, with the public
weigher, and let the factor be responsible?
and let him earn the twenty cents for his
weighing? and let him go back on the rail
roads if there is loss on the weight of a bail
during shipment, that the farmer may have
some point to which he mav look for re
As we are c the subject, and the Ex
change seems to hnave this matter at heart,
would it not be well to tell the farmers what
becomes of samples that are taken from the
bales-what becomes of them ? It is aphys
ical impossibility to put them back into the
bales, unless it might be done at the steam
press. Is it done there ? Is it done any
where? Farmer does not know it, nor
does he believe otherwise than that it is a
dead loss to him. Who gets them? What
is done with them?
If desired I will forward the account sales
alluded to at my earliest convenience, with
necessary affidavits; also, all substantial
complaints from farmers in reference to loss
of weights in Charleston, which will be filed
at the office of the sheriff of Clarendon
County at my request; also all complaints
of Manning merchants on the F une subject
left at the same office, or any and all infor
mation to throw light on the same subject
that will tend to a full investigation by that
honorable body, the Chamber of Commerce
and then neither farmer nor factor may be
so "unhappy." F w
Congress convened last Monday.
The principal business of the first day
was the reading of the President's
message, which was afterwards order
ed to be published. The message
was published in full in yesterday's
News and Courier.
THAT HACKING COUGH can be so
quickly cured by Shiloh's Cure.
HE COUNTY AUDITOR (or his repre
.Lsentative) will be at the subjoined
places, for the purpose of receiving Returns
of er-sonal Pronerty on the days fixed in this
No returns will be taken of any Real Estate
except in such cases, where there is change
by purchase or sale; improvements or des
truction of property by fire &c. Such chang
es must be carefully noted.
All persons not handing in returns by the
20th of February, 1887, will be fined by the
addition of a penalty of 50 per cent,
Persons Ltetween the ages of 21 and 60
years are liable to Poll Tax, except in case
Falton, Thursday, 6th January
liodge's Corner, Friday, 7th January.
Tindal's Mill, Monday, 10th January.
Sprott's, Tuesday, 11th January.
Brunson X Roads, Wednesday, 12th Jan
D. Levi's, Thursday, 13th January,
Summerton, Friday, 14th January.
Duffies Store, Monday, 17th January.
' Foreston, Tuesday, 18th January.
Wilson's Mill, Wednesday, 19th January.
Brailsford's Store, Friday, 21st January.
McFaddins, (Midway) Monday, 24th Jan
Boyktin's, Tuesday, 25th January.
W. J. Gibbons, Wednesday, 26th Jann
Beulah Church, Thursday, 27th January.
Bethlehem Church, Friday, 28th January.
3prWhile not filling other appointments
the office will be open in Manning.
J. E. SCOTT,
Auditor Clarendon County..
Izs aid no offect on the immense
Stock of Goods
DAILY ARRIVING AT MY STORE,
Except to Shake the Prices DOWN a Little.
M Y Stock this year is very large, and consists of everything needed in the
county. I have just returned from the Northern Markets, where I
bought my goods in such large quantities as to get the very lowest prices,
and I expect to sell them at corresponding figures. My salesmen will be
found polite and attentive, and every effort will be made to give my custom
ers satisfaction. Of course I cannot, in this space give anything like a list of
the goods I keep, but whatever you wish, anything, just call at my store, and
in nearly every instance you will find what you want. No other store in the
State keeps as large a stock of General 1erchandize as I do.
Y Stock of FAMmy GRocERIrs has been selected with unusual care and my
customers will find them to be the BEs. It is useless for me to at
tempt to enumerate what I have in this line-what you wish, I have. I buy
bacon by the 10,000 pounds, and at lowest market prices. A large supply of
FAMY So.k on hand. Try a barrel of AcmE FLoUtR-TE BES'r MADE.
Tobacco and Cigars.
A very large stock of all grades and prices. Smoke tl- Swr Vioir
Cigar-the best 5c. cigars in the world. The PRIfcE DAvE is also a
very fine cigaI.
BOYS, Youths, and Gentlemen will find my stock of CLOTHING to be un
usually large this year, and specially adapted to this market. Be sure
to examine my stock before purchasing. I also have a full supply of all kinds
of FUassHING GooDs.
SHOES AND HATS.
I have the latest styles in H.mTs and SHoEs, and enough for all the county,
and I propose selling them. For a cheap and comfortable shoe, buy a
pair of Oun Ow. TmHREE DoLun SHos--eve:-y pair warranted. Babies shoes
in endless styles. A stock of the Zeigler Shoes always on hand.
Gossamers and Rubber Coats.
T HE ladies are requested to call and examine this line of goods-they are
CHE.R, and just the thing for a rainy day.
Dress Goods Department.
PRIcEs AND QUALITY THE ATTRACTnoN.
Cashmere, double width, Ladies' Flannels,
Diagonal Cashmere, Brocaded Sateens,
Kemingston's Sacking, all wool, Delanes,
Poplin, Lustre, Silk Warp Henrietta Cloth,
Brocaded Worsteds, Camel's Hair Cloth.
CRINOLINE, WIGAND, CAMBRIC, SELICIA.
AFull Line of Cambric, Mull, and Nainsook Edgings, Insertings, Em
broidered flouncing, All-over Goods, Colored Embroideries in Varie
ty, Everlasting Trimmings, Torchon Laces, Etc.
Zephyr Shawls, Ladies' Bonnets, Infants' Hoods, Scarfs and Sacks, Jersey
Jackets in all Styles and Colors, Solid Colored Hose, Leggins,
Corsets, Hoop Skirts, Bustles, Merino Underwear,
Gloves in Variety, Millinery of the Latest Style. Hats
Trimmed and Untrimmed, Window S ha de s, L acee
Curtains, Carpets, and Everything Kept in a .First Class Store.
I have been before the public too long in the Furniture Line to have to
blow too big. I have on hand in my Furniture Store all kinds of Furni
ture of every Style. Coffins at all prices, from $5 up.
RUBBER BELTING ALL SIZES FROM 2 TO 12 INCHES.
L IBERAL advances will be made on Corrox, or it will be
bought at the Highest Market Prices.
M OS ES LE VI,
Manning, S. C.
Charleston iron Works,
Manufacturers and Dealers in
Marine Stationary and Portable Engines and Boilers, Saw
Mill Machinery, Cotton Presses, Gins, Railroad, Steam
boat, Machinists', Engineers' and Mill Supplies.
W Ilepairs e.recue~wi wi/h promptness~ and Di.%pa(tch. Sendfnn' 2p'ix lists.
East Day, Cor. Pritchard St.,
Jan13 Iv Charleston, S. C.
WIf you need any Clothing. Furnishing Goods. or Hats,
send your orders to
F A LK & CO., 3
KING STREET, OPPOSITE HAsE,
Charleston, S. C.,
as they have reduced the prices of their entire stock to cost,
on account of change of firm.
TONSORIAL ARTIST. JOHN S. WILSON,
I have opened a first-class Shavitg Saloon Attorney and Counse!Ior at Law,
at the Enterprise oftice, and solicit the pat- .40a
ronage of the citizens of Manning and com- Feb. 25
PRIcEs--Hair Cutting, 25c.; Shaving, loc.; SS
Shampooing, 25c. Attorneys at Law,
.m Special attention given to children.
C. C. IIEDIC,
MAN.INo, S. C. Office South of Court House.
July 7, 1886. A. LEVI,
Dr H BAER, A'rror.NEY AT Lxw,
WholesrJe Druggist, Nos. 131 & 133
Meeting street, Charleston, S. C. ZNotary Pubic with seal
Dealer in Drugs, Medicines, Foreign
and Domestic Chemicals, Glassware, J. E. SCOTT,
Spices, Brushes, Essential Oils, Sur
gical Inti uitents, Perfumery. Fancy
Goods, SHOW CASES, of all sizes, .4s. 4
and -1! articles usually found in a Feb25
First-class Drug House. Prices low IV F. B. HtAysWoaTH, Sumter, S. C.
Quick sales and sm.ll profits. B. S. DI S. C.
Mc~ob , Jr. HAYNSWITH & DINKINS,
A. McCobb, Jr.,I
GENERAL EYSAT LAW,
COM1MISSION MNERCHAkNT, 11a-1ilgS..
AND DEALER IN
Lime, Cement, Plaster Paris, Hair, Fire
Bricks and Fire Clay,
Land Plaster and Eastern Hay,
Agent for White's English Port- Wholesae Grocers and
land Cement. Commisson Merchants.
No. 198 EAsT BAY, CEARLESTON,S. 0. 159 EAST BAY,
INALID ROLLING CHAICHAIESTON, S. C.
INVA (RECULUINING Direct Importers of Ales , Porters,
A Priceless Ines radis
Boon to tho3a
Tag ator "7'' m I~l
aM E T R i n z tho world. .edocxua ~ M 3~ . i ~~ a
toaw=Uacuesc recui?nig rolling cx.ur~,jt a~u
Eas Chair Co., New Haven, Conn. Ew a & ElmWx
ewspaper Advertising Bureau(10Street, and 117
contracts rrnl NOtC
m iade for It in NW RHARLESTON S. C.
CoInvite attent'ion to the following
WM. Shepherd & Co.,
232 MEETING ST..
Charleston, S.C.Lgtrw na,1 b o i
JOWhitNx. Sgr ls.ILrSON,
Attorneyand Couslfor Sti. w
b. 5m n
GodMean ing, abo of 0.
Theseie Southaf of ther manyattact
inweA onst aoei, Lanw, ose
kepr illr N tgre l twithei adva
$ T. E.VSCOTT,
Atto rge for Ckngelor day ae.
TWOMF B R. 3.sswo1 ,OmS. C
Stoves St~ B. StepDnT, Mas , . Br.
OLESA~ Jewelry, Se and
Spetalesale Glasers, and
Utenils.CHAR.LESTON, S. C.
~Send forineseLast andnCirc.
DRUG STORELESTON, S. C.
DR.J. . DNK s silnvttheo e a teo to FAheDlown
stan, frmery ocupid b theanrulOte Pugar, 15. THs. oT1.
of J. . Dinins & o., ad iso nfe4eines anErice Editis on. $1.g
prepaed t suppy th peope of i e Lyri. of thegar1s. Bftl o ngs
Claendn ithwhchoo d th South 20 d born
~21b. Tomate, 90hets amidtoz.
Drugs ad Medkne Good e $1nn for page ofa50.
at th Lowst Po~db~ Prics.ese arertut a tewof thie many Churach
Flio n d tiae Conayrfedig Band uer -
PanrsOti, GASS TOLETARTCLE, Tepers will be itgrat to hei add vasn
TOOTHA) HOVi BSE, CMs, tageecip tof sedfricopy fourothyPrc
A full an select sock of a L ist,. . Oan M conul i rt a clways.ro
torMarch arg il e dotr t thcin for ore
thAcrT-io-ofATMCES- 1AHE y
contatl o hnd A, o laedelr hSilrverinMobld
WHLEALltekd sw ell.udb
An legnt ssrtmnt f fne prcals a e blososan
CRS E N T OA CO. !FWancyme adSmnnevr
ton illg anWatches o act a Jewent frepie
Goods, PowrKtchenR an 'boe gi 273rseie rnerd Sendfo
Prescpions.prtmntARNLESTON, &. C.
cmpour~nd byf or it.___OT and SHOES,
laG. ALEAUGNJ. W oDRDU HByOK OSt.,
Da.J. . DWesisutilrattheol THE sell aE -npicsa
ouJ..Dnkns&Co, nd i ouTe inouende n tnhed diion. n g
NORTHEATERN R. i. COMPANY.
M 0 - - -----XW
CHAILESTON, S. C., June 20, 1886.
O N AND AFTER THIS DATE THE fol
lowing Schedule will be run.
Leave Charlestn, No. 43 12.05 P. M.
Leave Charleston. No. 47 12.25 A. .
Arrive Florence, No. 43, 4.10 P. M.
Arrive Florence, No. 47, 4.11 A. M.
Leave Florence, No. 40, 1.3.5 A. M.
Leave Florence, No. 42, 11.05 P. M.
Arrive Charleston, No. 40, 5.00 A. M.
Arrive Charleston. No. 42. 4.5 P. M.
Nos. 40 and 47 will not s~p at way sta
Nos. 42, and 43 will stop at all stations.
No. 40 will stop at Kingstree, Lanes and
Fast Line between CHAnBis-oTN AD
COLUMBIA D UPPER SOUTH CA oiM.
Goi.c, WEST. GOING EAST.
7.20 A. x. Lv. Charleston, S. C. Ar. 9.10 P.M.
8.40 - 1 " Lanes, " " 7.45
9.33 " 1" Sumter, " "1 6.42
10.40 " Ar. Columbia, " Lv 5.27
3.02 P. x. " Winnsboro, " "3.48
4.18 " " Chester, " " 2.45
6.05 " " Yorkville, " " 11.45A 3E
7.01 " "Lancaster " "7.00
5.0.3 ""Rock Hi'.1, ""2.02r P
6.15 " Charlotte, N. C" 1.00
12.48P MIAr. Newberry, S. C. Lv 3.04 p M
2.42 " "Greenwood, " " 12.41i
6.30 " Laurns, " " 9.10'&
4.47 " " Anderson, " " 10.22
5.35 "" Greenville, " 9.4"
6.33 " " Walhalla, " 8.20"
4.10 " Abbeville, " 11.05
3.20 " "Spartanbur," j " 12.10 P x
7.10 " " jHenderson'f NC " 7.00 x
On Sandays train will leave Charleston,
S. C., 8.45 A. M., arrive Columbia 1.00 P.
31. Returning leaves Columbia 5.27 P. M.,
arrives Charleston 9.45 P. 3.
Solid Trains between Charleston and Col
umbia, S. C. Special Parlor Cars attached to
this train between Charleston and Colum
bia. No extra charge for seat in these
cars to passengers holding First Class tick
T. M. EsmasoN,
Gen'l Pass. Agent.
Having made arrangaments with
the best distilleries, I am now pre
pared to furnish my customers with
My stock is now complete with the
choicest brands of
I have in stock a magnificent line
of Cigars and Tobacco in which
I defy competition.
&YLiquors for Mdicinal pur
poses a specialty.
I also take pleasure in introducing
the Kurnitz ie's celebrated Wire
Grass Bitters; also the Carolina.
Ginger Tonic. These Bitters and
Tonics are noted for their medicinal
My Pool and Billiard tables
ARE NEw aMD Fas--cr~ass.
Thanking the public for past pat
ronage and soliciting a continuane
of same, I remain,
Ja6 S. WOLEOVISKIE, Ae-r.
The POLICE GAZETTE will be mailed,
securely wrapped, to any address in the
United States for three months on receipt of
Liberal discount allowed to postmasters,.
agents and clubs. Sample copies mailed.
free. Address all orders to
RICHARD K. FOX,
FaixsI.x SQUnnz, N Y,
Bernard O'Neill & Sons,
191 East Bay and 48 and 50 State St.,
CHARLRSs-oN, S. C..
i7 Cornsignments solicited.
Wulbern & Pieper
AND) DEALERS IN
Provisions, Liquors, Tobacco, Etc.
1679 & 16 East Bay, Charleston, S C
Now is the time to lay in your supply of
before the rush comies on-every delicacy to
be found there-Children's toys a specialty.
Remember Santa Claus has his headqua