Newspaper Page Text
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A 1. T 0iro a : fw Ia , "- A T A
ankii Towns-%,d levieu of tife . rofth
Leg ilat ure.
Below will be found a elassi ed :ist o
most of the Acts passed at the recenI
session of the General Assemly-oc:
hundred and forty-one in numntbCr.
There were twenty-four public or genera.
Acts, live appropriation Acts and thiiiy
six Acts reIating to county arirsii. V
sides, there wcre sixte2n Act; rlating to
railroads. t vee to maunicipal chreis.
twenty-nine to miscellneius charters,
seven to stock law exemptions, two con
stitutional amendments, four r.-lating to
the sale of liquor and six of a miscilane
An Act to make appropriatiois for the
iscal year commenig Notuber L
An Act to make appropriations for the
payment of the per dieni and mileage
and stationerv certificates of t;Ie mem
bers of the General Assemny, the sala
ries of the subordinate oflicers and em
ployces thereof, and for other purposes
Joint Resolution to provide for the
payment of the expenses incured by the
board of visitors of the South Carolina
Military Academy in repairs of the Cita
Joint Resolution relating te the ser
vices of the attorney general in the reve
nue bond scrip eases.
An Act to raise supplies ant make ap
propriations for the iscal year ,egmaig
November 1, l;.
An Act to exempt ceatain purt iois (f
Colleton county from the operation of
the stock haw.
An Act to amend Chapter XVI I of
the General Statutes, relating to the gen
eral stock law and fencing stoue.
An Act to exempt certain po etious of
Hampton county from the opetation of
Chapter XXVII of the Generai Statutes,
relating to the stock law.
Ai Act to repeal an Act em-itted an
Act to prohibit the sale of p irituous or
malt Iquors within the coLnty of Barn
well, approved December 21., .
An Act to amend an Ac: enttitled :n
Act to prohibit the sale of spirituots,
liquors in the town of 1n.io, zpproved
December 26, A. D. 188 L
Act to submit the quetion of license
for the sale of spirituous, malt or intox
cating liquors in Anderson and Laurens
counties to the qualified elect o-t hereof.
and providing penalties for tia violation
or evasion or attempted era tiW
prohibitibn law if a majori. e. said
electors vote in favor thereof.
An Act to authorize the sale )f liguor
in Berkeley and ilBeaufort coun:ies.
1'ILU At ~
An Act to amend an Act prescribng,
the mode of divesting the rignt of dower
of insane married womlaen.
Joint Resolution to extend the time
for the payment of the taxes foc the tiscal
year commencing Noven:.ber L 1.85.
An Act to provide for the formatioL
of certain corporations under the general
An Act to regulate the vime for col
lecting taxes by execution or distress.
An Act to punish the s:aaling of
melons and fruit.
An Act to create a fuud to be desig
natted "The Treasury Rieserv'e Fund,
and to provide for the control of the
An Act to regulate the issuing and ser
yice of warrants in criminal cases.
An Act to amend Section 08 of the
&Jeneral Statutes of South Carolina, re
lating to the repairs of highways.
An Act to amend an Act ennmUed --An
Act to amend Section 1,830 of the Gen
eral Statutes, in relation to parttion,
a~provd December :26, 1lS~>.
An Act to provide for transporting
persons convicted to then periitenitiary by
the penitentiary guard-.
An Act to establish the Soni: Carolina
Agricultural Farm and Stations.
An Act to repeal Section L.' and tt
,mend Setion 1,142, Chapter XX, of
:he General Statutes, cutitled "Of the.
University of South Crolina.
An Act to amend Sections !. 2:%; and
,37 of the General Statutes in relatior
An Act to fix the fee for dietiug pris
oners in county jails.
.a t Act to amend Section i,'K of the
General Statutes relating to time hunting
An Act to amend Section :2,*;ti of thn
General Statutes of South Carolina it
relation to setting fire to gra-.
An Act to regul~ate the pulic printing
.in this tstate.
An Act to amend Section 1,.i of tht
Gecneral Statutes. as to the rnumng o;
trains on Sunday.
An Act to amend an Act entitled -A
.Act to amenda an Act entitled -An Aci
to incorporate the lalmutto iRailroat
Company; app~ roved December 21
1882," approved Diecembe.r 2:, A. D.
Ali Act to confer crtia rights uipt
the Port Royal and Western Carolimt
Railway Compiany, to wit, to iniortga~g
its corporate p.roperty and franchises, t..
extend its rniiway and to lease connect
An Act to a' neid tau .tct nted "Ai
Act to mie.:pomt th~ e itene at:
Decenmber U L %5C.
An Act to char ter the Y. mnaee an-t
An Ac-t to minend an Ae: to chal.rter thi
Chester and" e : fe:3 l (lra Copany
An Act to. ch:Luge he name a..me
the charter of the Cheister, reenwoo:
An Ac to ice' -'' ioSio an.
An Act to amei~nd an et toincro
Comny and t' vaiudate' ali .cts a
contracts maude in. i'n' em ' n s
schcol disti:-t No. 17, Yzirfield countx
and nihe two0 scho~ol distriets thereof.
: Or the estab lisiuent of a
new s'*ool district in the county of
I ngto. to be liow I the Sc ol
1 irt Of tile t of Tinmuosinville.
an i to autlhorize the e- - anId eollection
of a snecial school tax thierca.
Au Act to reduce the num'ber of trial
ji in Kershaw county nd make
the 'Lilee a salaried one.
.N .\et to limit the number of trial
Justices in ertain untics in this State.
.n .iet to prescribe and fix the amount
of :he bond of the Probate udge of
W Cilliamsbug county.
An Aet to amend the lw in relation
t couiltv coniionerS and county
-chL 21 'ui?ssioners.
AL, - t authorize adI requir the
cuai": ,oniisi.SSoners of York county
to 1bmit to the gUlditied voters of
Lroad River township aud Iullock
Creek township the question Af trans
erring the suleeription heretot-rc voted
to the Georgetown and North Carolina
Norrow Gange Railroad to :, .y other
company fter a limited period.
An Act to create a school d -trict of
that portion of Baruweli coun-:y lying
within the corporate limits of tam town
An Act to prohibit the county com
missioners of York county from gunting
aid to the outside poor xcept as herein
An Act to limit the number of t-inl
justices in York county, fix their terr
torial juris..iction. and to provide for
their compensation, and to prc vide for
two trial justices in the city of Spartan
An Act to autho:ize the town council
of Winnsboro to issue addition.l bonds
for rebuilding and repairing 3c a.t Zion
-n Act to authorize the counny com
missioiiers of Clarendon county to bor
row money for building and repairing I
bridges and for the support of -.he poor.
An Act relating I the reasses miuet of
real property and the collectio n of taxes
in certain portion, of the counties of
Charleston. Berkeley and Colleton.
An Act to create a new school district
within the township of Barniwell, in
Barnwell county, to be known as the
"Baruwell Graded School District,~ and
to authorize the levy and collection of a;
local tax therein.
Joint Resolutiou authorizing and re
qu.rng the county school coninussioner
of W illiamsburg county to pay to W. 1.
Knox his school claim.
Au Act entitled --An Act to incorpor
ate the town of Runiphville, in the coun
ty of Colletuon," approved December 2:,
An Act to alter and amend the charter
of thie town of Laureus.
nAt to amend an Act to incorporate
the town of Hamnipton.
Au Act to renew ant amend the char
ter of the town of Winnsboro.
Act to amnend Section 6 of anl Act en
titled "An Act to incorporate the town
ot Barnwell," approved March L1. 187$.
An Act to chuter the town of York
in Act to aiaend tie charter of the
torn o- Ciester, ratiiicd and apl-roved
Deembr 22, 1I85.
An Act to auend the charter of the
town of Kingstree.
\n Act to confer certain povw ees Iulon
the town council of Hodges in Ubeville
M 1e-CELLANEOCS elTEls.
Ai Act to incorporate the Bamberg
Banking Company of Bamberg, S. C.
An Act to recharter Holley's Ferry
across Big Saluda River in Edgefield
An "Act to charter the Bank of Green
An Act to charter the Spartanburg
An Act to incorporate the Congaree
An Act to alter and amend the charter
of the Young Men's Loan and Trust
Company of Rock Hill, and to change
the name thereof.
An Act to ratify the amendment to
Article H of the Constitution of South
Carolina by adding thereto a section, to~
be known as Section 4 thereof, in lieu of
Sections -1 and 5 of said Article as it now
An Act to ratify the amendment to
Section 14 of Article 9 of the Constitu
tion of 'he State.
Ar. Act to amend Section 481 of the
Geineral Statutes of the State of South
Cor olina, in ref eren 2e to the salary of
Ithe Lieuten tant-Governor.
An Act to provide for the issue of a
deficiency~ bond or stock to Octavius A.
White, in satisfaction of the guarantee
of the State on a certain bond of the
Spartanburg and Union Railrcad Comn
An Act to cuncel the matriculation
obligations. of 0. J. Bond and Thos. P.
Ha'rrison to the board of visitors of the
31 ilitary Academy and to define the man -
ne'- in whi'ch the said board ay here
after del with like cases.
V a At to allow persons whmo shall
hav e resided within this Staite for ten
veairs since the war, and who have lost
iheir legs or arms or have b~een perma
nentl disLabled in the legs doing mili
tav servic'e, to obtain the benetits of the
Act to pr ovide artihicial limibs, Xe.
Thel, or the lioness if you please,
of tie American colony in Paris is Mrs.
.:me rown Potter, of New Tork, who
nt guest4 in the hiome of her uncle,
the Amria :Minister McLane. So
_uer_ have the calls upon her time
ieoe ht she has been compelled to
delc all: uittions to dinners or re
eep tions not given suily in her honor.
'h-s, of couirse, annoyved her that this
w"s unayoidalei but whit else was the
auto do?' The mhiniking Parisians,
ecPls oft) all save their ownm enjoymaent,
keptthrsting honior after honor upon
i irnee pausing to think how onerous
evei honors become. Then, just to
Ok, a F~ruch count who met Mrs.
'atte du cring his visit to America de
*v otes a whole chapter to her in the book
of traves hei has jutst published: Mrs.
utitsrrst "farewell" appearance can
*t be postponed much hunger.
A.aprehenisions tontching the .siety
' store s using 'al)ine for fuel iire set
. esIt by the imparo.vements; obo.servab1le
I. th l-'rou.t Vapor Store. F~or iartber
I pa-tici,-ee advrertisement.
.' clrungLen moar: cax.e :L.ii:.:.weaon
village stra.t. As he reache1 a corner.
he Sa:w 1 !roup of boys watchinlg: Solit
tihing aross h av He had not en
tirely lost his senses. so fle wondered
what thcv found so literstin4.
--Wihala-ar-ve'r-ver look:u' a-a:?"
--W ,.ild fenow ." answ ered Billy
Dorr, --we're looking .or a babutV to
come out of that door i or there."
* A beau-ti?
"Y-Xes, a beauty; but go on, there
no use o' liugering t- s i' B ot:
vont, old, red eves c.n't see hali across
But ti-e rade bo)y was m1ist.,aken the
red eyes were no (ilte so blood-shot as
.sual. .3 they were looimg with as
=1eh intere.,t as the younger eyes at
Pink Boots, who just then opened th'
door of the store opposite them ;andJ
came out. Pink Boots was a beautiful
girl of tea years, and her hands -all of
riowers-robes, i*' and Carnations. She
walked a half teze! or aore stcps down
the walk. and was jtz. stepping into a
handsome carriage when another little
girl came in siLt. For a brief moment
the two CulIaren stood in strong con
trast--.Florence Burr, with glowing, hap
py ;ace, :nd Celia Hunt, with her pale.
distressed one. Florence was dressed in
an elaborately embroidered pink cash
mere and her feet were encased in beau
tiful pink kid buttoned boots-for Flor
ence was going to a tea party. She
wore alzo a broad-brimmed hat with
nodding pink plumes. As for Celia, she
wore an old faded dress, so shabby that
it revealed her b ruised ankles, whiCh
were bare like her feet. An old veil
tied about her piched face did duty as
head proteetor, but no wrap covered her
thin shoulders, althougih one was much
needed this chilly day.
The carriage drove away v:ith Flor
ence, and Celia stood gazing after it. Of
course the drunken man saw the poor
child, so did the b( e. The latter
laughed, and Billy Dorr said: "I tell
von it pays better to sell liqu -r than it
'does to drink it. What's your opinon,
"Daddy t Hunt did not auswr: lie
stood stupidly gazing at his Oarefcioted,
"fsay, old fellow, did you buy Celia's
fall outLit at the same store that Pink
Boots' father bought hers?"
"Shut up1, now. will vou? If you
din't, Ill knock ta breath out of it."
The dlr'unkard spoke sava e and
raised his hand to execute his threat,
when suddenly little arm ;,eh his,
and a voice said coaxiNl: "Coml
The man sulirered himself to be lid
away fron tle h-artlesa group: crel
Billy singing after them: O the:,
dear fathr, come home.
It was a long walk to the drukii~ard's
home. Before he reached it, he was
sober. "Celia," he said, --wouldn't you
like some pink boots?"
"No, father, I would not want them"'
'-Thev wouldn't correspond withi my
rags, te child said bitterly; :and
-wouldn't wear Florence Burr's pink
boots if I h-ad silk dresses to wear w\ itl
them," she added savagely.
Again her father questioned: "Wiy
"Because they were bought with
money that ought to have bought bread
and meat for poor starving children and
their crying mothers."
"Who told vou so?"
"Nobody tld me, I found out for
"You're a strange child. Celia."
"Yes, perhaps I am, but I love you,
And Celia put her cold hand within
"I don't know how you can," he suit,
"I guess it's because yo're my fath
er," was the innocent answer.
As father and daughter entered the
house, the mothler arose, p;ut the sleepc
ing babe in its wretched cradle and said:
"Come to supper."
Such a supper for a fanily of six!
Only a part of a stale loaf of bread and
some weak tea. The patient weary wife
would not have been surprised at her
hustand had hle thrown the bread across
the room at the wall and hurled the tea
pot after it, cursing her at the sameo time,
as he had done often before, but she was
surprised when he rose from the tuble
just after seating himself--and said huts
kily, "Eat this miserable stuff'if von can,
poor things: I must be gone."
Hie started for the door weak aind faint.
but determined. His wife followed him,
beseeching, "Oh! don't go out again ,to
night, Fred., don't ; the baby is siek.
She said no more for with the words:
"The little felloa' is sick, is he?" the
father went back to the cradle, stooped
and kissed his infant child for the fir'st
time, and arose with tears gistening upon
"i'm not going out to drink. 3Mary.
Do not be wcor: ed ; l'll be back Ly nine
o'clock. and the child shoculd g~et
worse, Celia i-ill finid mie at Sergeanit
"What do you: sulppose it ali means,
m~other?" asked Celia, aLs soon as the
father was gone.
''I don't know, child ;but l'erha~ps it
means there is a 1blessing coming "mi us
all. Pray to God that it may be so."
"Mother," said Celia, "father asked
me this after'noon if I weanted pi::k boot'.
What do you think of that?"
"It was a strange questi'n il ad.-I
be thankful if he'd save enuough tobu
von some black ones. Your feet are blue
At miune ur'cl'ck a face pepdirs
tL little cu'rtainless windowu cof the k;t
elen. The0 eyes saw a i.so0lte picetdre.
It was this :a bar c'old-lookig ioom ; a
hagard woiman lending ovecr a .siek b abe;
a little sad-faced girl fallen asleep) onth
hard tioor wvhile bravely "waiting for
father," anid two pale-maced boys tisleep
on a low bed against the wvall. Upon the
bos' faces were traces of teas', for they
were onlv little fellows of four 1:ndc. Si.
aid had~ cried themselves; to sleep be
cuse they were hungry.
Thle face muoved fromt the wicndow'cr 'l
the man to whom it belongedi opened' ih
door and walked in.
"Wife," he said, bending dowin to k iss
his wifes wornm face focr the Erst time '
vea'ii'. 'I'v'e bee anOi iUdii. anid a1) brut,
oad lile otask you tc forive meii t'
ha a .mi: (tua, you re wakin
child. ioece Burr wil never u an
more pik bi)O with- the niney tha
belongs to ti jittle ones. lve been ove
to Sergeant Wrght's. w'rking hard it
blacking stoves for four hoirs, wa:d whil,
blackenied the storVs he whitened m.
heart a httle. Gd bless him: He pait
me. too. a good prie and to-morrow 'n
to begin Nork in his tin shop. Wake ul
the poor little boys, Celia. my dear littl<
rl. Tei them their father, and not i
brute, has come hone. and broug ht .,ucl
a supper that they'il shout for j yv."
m..r. E i:0. L.< 1 1, 1:R. !. 1).
l i i N-, t 1m--O tat 'We [In:1 Mi ll ionl D r.
31: teniperance creed is very short
and Inv course is very straightforward
I bleliOe in total abstinence from imak
inv. driukim . offering, or selling any
ar'd alintoxicants. I shAll ight the
drinkivg usages of society by pulpit,
pen, and tngue as long as God gives me
life : a~d od's word and JHis gospel, and
the pravers and labors of God's people,
are ino:-; onsable helps to our success,
ta laws demand a public con.
scienee behind thcm ; our Society ain
to create and quicken that conscience.
I abo: :ll dram-dens. and am ready tc
ajon .ha:Ids with all honest prohibilion
ists, of -vcry party and sect, in atl wisc
e:lorts to suppress the rum oligarchy.
The M':-aiure:nenit of the Year.
The lngth of the year is strictly :3>
days 5 1? ars iminutes 49 seconds and
seven-tenths oi a second-the time re
quired 'or tle revolution of the earth
round e bun. About 45 B. C., Julius
Ciesar, by the help of Sosigines, an Al
exandrian ohilosopher, came to a tolera
bly clear ulderstanding of the length of
a year, and decreed that every fourth
.v-ar shoiltd be held to consist of :3;
'days for the purpose of absorbing the
odl liours. By this rather cluusy ar
rangement the natural time fell behind
the reckoning, as, in realiy, a day every
ourth year is too mnuch by 11 minutes
0 seconds anid three-tenth's of a second;
so it inevitably followed that the begin
ning of the year moved onward ahead of
the point at which it was in the days of
C.esar. From the time of the Council
o -Nice, in :325 A. ).. when the vernal
tluinox fell correctly on the 21st of
31arch, Pope Gregory found, in 13
1 D. that there had bee: an over-reeK
Inng to the extent cf 10) days. a'id that
t'e vCrA. equinox fell on the i1th of
3arch. To correct the past errir he
decreed that the 5th of October of that
ar* shoald Oe reckonCd as ti. 15th,
-and, to keep tun year righit in Intue
th' oVCIpUs bweig 8ours : * liiutes
and in secodIs in a centary-he ordered
tha * #ry,' C teial var that c d ot
Ibc dividi by four 1700, 181, J90),
21,0, 22 IXii should not be bissextile, as
it otherwise would be; thus, in short,
ropping t extra day three times every
-uo years. While in Cutholic countries
the Gregorian style was readily adopatd,
it was- not so in lrote'stant natio.:s. In
1kita.n it was not adopted until -752, by
.dh time the discrepaney betn een the
J ulian and Gregorian periods amounted
to il dav. An act of Parliament was
passed dictating that the 3d of Septen
ber ti"at year should be reckoned the
14th, and that three of every four cen
tenni:d years should be leap years. 1801)
not being a leap year, the new and old
styl?es nlow differ 12 days, our 1st of
January being equivalent to the 13th
ohl style. In lussia alone of Christian
countries is the old style retained. The
old style Is still retained in the Treasury
accounts~ of (Great Britain. In ol times
the year was held to begin on the 25th
of 3March, and this usage, or i~iece of
antiquity, is also still observed in the
computtins of the Chancellor of the
British Exchequer. So the first day of
the linancial year is the 5th of AprL,
being 'Old L~adv Day. "-Boston Jour
nl of Education.
iRain ai:nd the Fore-..
Among the p)opular errors in meteor
ology mentioned by Professor Abbe on
Friday evening at the Franklin Institute
lecture is the common belief that the
destruction of forests reduees the amount
o& the rainfall. In this he directly con
tiibutes the testimony of the Forestry
A ssocation. The Professor stated that
a very slight elevation of the surface
aboive the sea level by cosmic changes
was the probable cause of any changes
which ha ioccurred. Hie did not refer
to lhe modification or the distribution
over the years of rainfall, but mecrely to
its tota.lamount. In this connection it
may be noted that the census of the
U n'itd States in the volume on Social
Statitis prints a diagramn of the amount
o rainfall in Philadelphia for the past
100 years, as kept at the Pennsylvania
Hospital, which shows a graduil, but
general, increase in the annual precipita
tion, althogh it will be generally
acknowleged that there has been a
great atestructionl of timbecr for hundreds
of miles aiit the city in that time.- -
ioe Walite! .Iter' 1iiy vf'i''.
*Iaes 2d. Teagarden. almost eighty
yars of" ge, iille suit in the Circuit
lerk' oice yesterday for diveree from
is ifei, Sarah Teagarden, who is seven
tyfie and with whom he has lived for
LIfv veatrs. To-morir wimll be the
lit ethiannive:rr of their married life,
for c on December 's, I-t, they were
united in . litle Ohio ' ilge. 1i 18'%
the r reoved here, andl the aged couple
lay, util a -:h'' time ago Thc tou
pellng r. eag ren to [lee onti theii
tle door ab ove. She di thishe. says,
V ita th'e avowmed intention of beingt pro
Arted it. hurgars but he begau tu
suspec ttha.tat la-t. after tifty years of
cAmpani onship. :,he had grown tired ol
i F'inal y his suspicious were sub
stanated. C ne morniig 3Mrs. Teagar
den left tae house and never returnel
ign n n' lie w;;nt a divorce.
1asa Ci-l- ty Mio. i TjimesI De
one o kep ::boarig h us e
--v want to a- very low whieni yu ari
ai' t . bion.iai an oid huur.tv
-Io o tse me tendr if o ) "kO
MsElmOWS (IF TuW : not; iA :
IN TI. 1 I )AY V Fll-F ii: u Au
lion I he Fam i .V I ept 8a tlcia ir 11h4. 1i -
and liiw They .:n~oyed [i tyhen I
In the davs that are 110 nor-. the Lhal
Thank .giving day was not known in
Virginia. Nor yet New Yeatr' ay,. a
kept by Knickerlbocker burghers. .Te
Twenty-secovl of Flbruary was Cele
brated by coilegC oration-: the FuthVUti
of July given over to political ilrbectes;
Christmas-time was the reservoir into
which debouched the flush tido of fami
Iy, social and national rejoicings. With
loftv as with lwly, it wat a watch-tower
set on the h2ill. ie benign light of which,
like the Iluing sword guarding Eden,
flashed every v y. Backward rays from
Christmas gone uaet and ninghd with
the dawn of Christmas comng. We
began to count the days yet unfulfilled
with the reddening of the rock maples.
The opening of the ehinquapin burr:
the apple harvest: the fall or the leaf:
the change from pucker to sugar in the
pulp of the persimmors-were way
marks, impatiently numbercd. in the
procession of nonths and weeks tou ard
the culminating glory of te year.
Housekeepers eenim-.nced preparations
for it in suobtr carnest by the last week
of November, especially in the country.
The traditions of our English ancestry
told mightily in modeling our habits of
GemI:lsiAs is Toxx"
was deprecated with a dash of comp'as
sionate contempt by pianters and their
ffamilies. hey kept open honses at that
season with heartiness that looks to us~
now Ike bootless extravagance. The
premises were set in order early in De
cember as for royal uI tials %d cot
tbanquets. Mince-meat was already
made. moistecned with peach brandv in
quantity and quality suilicienlt to season
it against must and mould, then packed
down in huge jars. and bladders tied
over the mouths. With the first hard
frost, came 4-hog killing," providing
hams, spare ribs, chimes and sausages of
deliciousness inimitable. and to those
who never tasted them, unnuaginable.
Pots of lard, "tried out" into snowy
hardness, were ranged on the store-roim
shelves, destined to furuish 1t ath)
for the b ro 'ds of simmer c'lickn-s.
coopeId up, and fattenCed ou ots nd
mush. Pens were built for Sttely tilr
keys and pompons Muscov hieks. an ud
the tenants ied as regularly and ouani
full. as were the children who hoped to
eat them. Later on, came cake making,
never intrusted to the hand of hirelings;
fruit CAke, with just enough four
wrought into it to hohl together the fat
and liberal soul; pound cake. into Nhose
manufacture SiXtCe!n ounices ofi c i
gredient was righteously compounded:
ginger cakes, warranted to keep for
months; spice and lemon cake;, and, in
the last days of joyous activity, sponge
cake, molded and frosted into snow-balls
as big as the tist, and owing their buoy
ant being to eggs and elboc-power, with
not so much as a dust of baking pow
ders. English phum pudding was not
made in every family. On the tilreshold
of this emprise, dilfideuit housewi es and
ease-loving cooks paused, dreading and
daunted. Only veteran divers, phlging
into the depths of ancestral recipes,
brought up success and establishe~d a
clinary reputation vaunted by children
and children's children. As D3cembher
nights grew toward their longest and
December davs neared the briefest of
the calendar," feather-beds were beaten
for ten minutes each, by the flail-like
arms of colored housemiaids, under the
eye of the mistress or her factotum, and
provision of blankets, sheets, s. tc., made
for temporary sleeping-places. On a
rainy or snowy day, an armful of straw,
fastened to the entd of a pole, was thrust
up the throat of every chimney to hurn
out the encrusting soot. lHens, incited
to the full measure of their duty by arts
peculiar to colored p)oultry keepers,
v ilded eggs by the hundreds for pud
dings and pies, with especialireserves for
1;r eumouL's a:
every pantry wasL 1iacked to groaning;
comets of iiame and a galaxy ot sparki
Istreamed from the kitchen chimney;
every eligible nook hlcd a b ed; a dozen~
oung girls with attendant gallants sur
rondedt the dr-awing-roomi fire; the
play of repartee and compliment, and
the ripple of light laughter rose and
ebbod to th e piano acomp1ammeint re
sponsive to the sweep of white fingers.
City guests were always bidden ,and al
ways came to the plantation Christmas
folic. "Company" was no' trotuble;
hosmitditv was as natural and easy ias
breathing. But the Loliday reception
was the cream of welcome to the visitoi.
i eight bachelors slept andi smoked int
the ofiec" in the yard, antd asr rany
girls occupied the one spare chamber o.
the homestead, nlob ody felt c.rowdedt.
There were plenty of feather beds and
blankets, grecat store of linen hieirlo..mns
that required the wear of two genera
tions to make theta thin, and big- nres
brning' all nih in evry aprtmn o
Supper would be served at '8 o'clock.
perhps later. A repast of ht trie'l or
smiothe red" chicken, stened~ a y-er- .
four or lie k(indl' e c-old mat s - -.
hot rolls, corni birea in d ier shape Is,
that yielded crisply to the t b
stuiuated, not sauistedul apeu IL -
and lt. chrr reserves; h'omne-mnad-i e.
tea, colicelund great pitehers of m~
with all the cream left o11.
In spite ofth hau'i~irio us abunildancet-a
their mnenus, the Virginians of thlat d0t
were seldom gormanizeY(rs. There-cv
ttle- tidk in well-bred compranies of
ing- and drinking. Sum!l tu' us fare n
-c--entedi as a par't ofI ~ then auym n.
ad even h--ighe fests' wer;rnever Iere
"eds ." If they fhag:ed over thIh
ap~per 'An t11i5 eveuin i 1t as in ejoy
ILeat ofL social eonlr.:c, at o1 grroer
wsis h11Is pilace at the top of the ho
~ring-room whe Ithe h10iilariotus bev
iuittered back thithe-r. Thle portly ht
..uall le or th .r as' 4 with ti.
-pay :a'' l his wife was
tw hi vi. vis. Chureidv eiders
wvhi .*rjph-s::bLOUt dancing in gen
ru vIem cA*xfd into taking the floor
r tais -ce V Near." As the clock
r b iud hands in a wide
ir--!: :, , -'Auld Lang Syne," or,
inte as often. -Praise God from Whom
all .essings Flow. They were not
asinuned to name Him to whom all
Praise l-l1ongs in those orave, simple
a ti are no more! %ne more set
inia re!. danced on Christ
n i'. ig i ht in .lothe r Country to this
tiu. the rinl of Sir Roger de
Co\%rer-ad the wassail bowl of egg
nto:. -a. b rought in. A toast to the
h'ealth and happiness of present and ab
SenL Lfi&s was drunk, and the girls
betook th. melves to the cheery, crowd
d chLmbers overhead, leaving the men
to .a.oe and talk pol'tics about the
Bef' o sunrise every sleeper on the
plantation was aroused by the deafening
boom of the "Christmas gun." A heavy
blast of gunpowder was rammed into a
h0ollow tre and fired idaybreak. De
tor-ations of lesser force followed, from
logs riddled with auger-holes and stuffed
with powder, guns. pistols, and "Pop j
erckes," while the outcries of 1
ii my mn'istis:" under windows and in
HallS. 'v.Lcd the "bakshcesh" yells of
Nobody in that region and time said
"Murry Christmas," but always "Christ
m?as Gift. The strife as to who shoud
get it ou t tirst was, with children and
servants. a claim upon the liberality of
the latter speaker. What was undoubt
edly the primal significance of the greet
ing was solemn and beautiful-rsotUngj
less than proclamation of the unspeaka-I
ble Gift hendded by the angels' anthem
bove t hie plains of Bethlehem.
TEL: HIL1 I1AY MENU.
r.bak iast was not over until 10 o'clock,
n was sCrved at 2 Or 3 o'clock in the
afternoon. Neither soup nor tisl was
rcgarded Z-; an essential to the feast.
Roast turi'y at the head of the table was
balan"ed by boiled turkey with oyster t
ace a he foot. last goose, rAudway
betwCei the tv:o, mingled fragrant steam
with rising incease of roast duck on the
other id(C of the castor; chicken, lamb,
roast beef and "shoat"-perhaps a suck
ing pig baked whole-and the inevitable
hoiled lam., were separated by vegeta
b1les, likIs, cats ups and sauces. IFamily
"ir rellected the sunshine of happy
faces; cat-gass as old answered in sil
very 'ies the tuneful clamor of young
Tie curiv fahion of taking %in to
.rether leut individual interest to the
revel. The urbane host was ever vn the i
hookout for opportunities to send the
d ier alog, with -3Mis .A., 1r. B.
asm :he 4 casure of taking a glass of
th yu." Then thc gracefal lift
v.-o f ghtsses. the exchange of bows
aeross the board, the complimentary
plrase from one, the smile of acknowl
edgment fromn the other-it is all old
nashioned now, but it was far Prettier
i nn the customs that have driven theu
'-Ladies .nd gentlemen!" called out
dear o I Majr I. from the head of the
table in t'e flood-1tie of the Christmas
wassail "I crave leave to offer a tost
His plautation shirted the Appomattox
rive;, which lies between Powhatan and
Amelia conties. At his right sat hisk
favorite neighbor, Powhatan L., who
was be!hhed to -ielia C., a Florida I
bell', net present to-cay.
-A toast"' rcpeatedL tile host, rising,
mantling tumibler in hiand, his eyes
brimniig with fun and fondness. "I
give yomu-Thiie .pponmattox! Mlay it
cease to hlow, thant Powhatani and Amelia
may be forever united."
TIis oi.DL DAiYu nIii'oum THE wI'm. t~
Ah! that was tihe sort of thing they 1
did in the ol Virginia days, before war
laid their pleasant plaes waste. Pecople(
watched for chanuces to turn mhrases
handsomely, studied the capabilities of(
language to give pleasur'e to theirf
auditors. Elegant conversation was a f
popular accomplishment. Now. it is .
subsidiary to dancing, murdered by
I have spoken of Christmas week. Tof
limit the festival to a single day wouln
have been reckoned a muaiming of their t~
chief bocial rite. F~roma one manor-houseI
to another rolled the gladsomie party,
taniying by appoinment a day at this,i
a night at that, talking, dancing, dr'iv
ig, walking, singing, love-making-inf
such innocency of delight as is possiblet
to none but the ' ong Now and then
they dauetd Viryinia "eels, quadrilles,
andi cotillions ibf alsitt 0f fashion now,)t
on the bare oae .loor of a barn-like I
pari'oi, furnished' ith' uinshioned chairs
ad tin-egged :ables; as the wide,
rambuig~ hiouse in which they it encaped II
for a night's folie was unpainted, win-t
dos and dor had shirtuik froma the
casings, and the blaze of the Yul1e log I
:re in'dafts pureg in i'ronadal quar- t
i'- rs. i outimies tuiri progress~ was
mae ian"st sohaln chariots, lurch
ig- hev throughz redI mud two feet
e.iand ee coduroy' ro'ad thatr
w ii hae 'aa ola boiues fromi their
m-e'~ts. i 1'.er all and :dive all. the
.:arri'.d. th im rive, :..tay spirit that !aughs
at ex ternal dis:, omfo~rt; found every
where gentle breeding and whol-souled t
ho spitality", adorning Christmas hospi
tality as the ilexile spray~s of their own ?
rnning-eedar' the wassail-bowl.
.\ vho -irl',. s d t i mmiludit .
.iebiu . s a Eex d a siue The
b 1in a ie 'ry :e. meahnuen . toi
'.\w ;!ci~eie When'p her parts o -- the v'
e, -am'n vos .itd the youn(g lei ady
.t adfr. ard wihi.~ightsie and
uii ;eiatu in he
iU rom the stage, whinithe i
fac djvelope tue ad ben] ud liii
sure. I1 ddnt ak
ACTs OF TI I LElUSLATLI RE.
ouwie Matter- of Special Intercst to the
Iep4)icq 4r thIIe State.
The following Acts are among those
passed at the last session of the Legisla
ture and all relate to matters of special
Sl*NDAY FREIGHT TRAINS.
SECTION 1,476 of the General Statutes,
in relation to running freight trains on
Sunday, as amended at the recent session
)f the Legislature, reads as follows: "It
shall be lawful for said corporations or
persons to run on said day during the
months of April, May, June, July and
Xugust trains laden exclusively with
egetables and fruits, and on said day in
my and every month their regular mail
:rains and such construction trains as
nay be rendered necessary by extraor
linary emergencies other than those in
3ident to freight or passenger traffic, and
much freight trains as may be in transit
which can reach their destination by 6
>'clock a. m."
Sc. 1,477, reading as follows, remains
mchanged: "It shall be lawful for any
;rain rmni ng by a schedule made in con
ormity with the provisions of this Act,
)ut delayed by accident or other unavoid
Lble circumstance, to run until it reaches
lie point at which it is usual for it to
est on Sunday."
AIQUon LiCExSks IN BEAUFoliT AND
An Act to provide for the issuing of
icense to sell spirituous and intoxicating
iquors, ale, malt and wine in Berkeley
nd Beaufort counties:
SECTION 1. That from and after the
pproval of this Act, it may be lawful
or the county commissioners of Berkely
aud Beaufort counties to issue licenses
or the sale of spirituous and intoxicating
iquors, ale, malt and wine in their re
pective counties to such persons as may
onform to the provisions of this Act.
SEC. 2. That before issuing such
icenses the applicant thereof must be
ecommended by six respectable free
Lolders of the neighborhood in which
he liquor is to be sold, and enter into
, bond in the sum of one thousand dol
ars, with three good sureties, for the
:eeping of an orderly house, and for the
lue observance of all laws relating to the
etailing of spirituous liquors, and must
>ay to the treasurer of the respective
ounties, to be applied to general county
)urposes, the sum of three hundred dol
u-s. All lL:nses to expire on the 31st
f December in each and every year.
SEC. 3. That all Acts and parts of
Lets incounsistent with this Act be, and
he same is hereby, repealed so far as
3erkeley and Beaufort counties are con
crued, except as to the incorporated
owns or villages in which the provisions
f law as now existing shall remain in
1OUd.R.N IssUnAUNC COMuPAM.M
An Act to amend an Act entitled "An
ct to regulate the admission of foreign
urety companies to do business in this
tate," approved December 26, 1884, so
ar as same affects clerks and officers of
anks and banking institutions and rail
SECrIoN . That an Act entitled "An
Let to regulate the admission of foreign
urety companies to do business in this,
tate," approved December 26, 1884, be,
,nd the same is hereby, amended by
dding thereto the following Section:
SEC. 14. The provisions of this Act
hall not apply to surety companies so
ar their giving surety for clerks -and
icers of banks and banking institu
ions and railway companies is con
THE UivEIISITY OF SoUTH CARonINA..
An Act to repeal Section 1,040 and to
mend Section 1,042, Chapter XX, of
he General Statutes. entitled "Of the
;niversity of South Carolina:"
SECTIoN 1. That Section 1,01'2, in
hapter XX, of the General Statutes,
'ntitled "Of the University of' South
jaroina," be amended so as to read as
ollows: "Section 1,042. The tuition
ees s211 be forty dollars per annum,
which fees shall be deposited in the
state treasury and reported to the Leg
slature annually; and the compensation
or room rent, use of library and dam
ges to property shall be regulated by
he board of trustees, but shall not be
ess ten dollars per annum: Provided,
.'hat no tuition fees shall be charged
Ltil after the expiration of the collegi
,te year 1886-8~, and that all tuition
ees~in the law department be subject to
he disposal of the trustees for the pay
aent of the alary of the law professor:
'rovided, further, That the faculty of
he said University may grant benelicia
y scholarships, without the payment of
ny fees, to such of the competent and
eserving youths of this State as may
>e unable to pay the same, and the
rustees of the said University shall pre
cribe such rules and regulations as may
se proper to confine the enjoyment of
his privilege to those whose necessities
Sec. 2. That Section 1,010 of the Gen
ial Statutes be, and the same is hereby,
A Floriel Speaxke~r.
Sienato'r Daniel, of Virgiia, is an
'rator of the old Virginia style, intro
Luced by Patrick Henry and transmitted
own through succeeding generations.
L specimen of this histrionic elocution
gas the opening paragraph of a speech
iy Mr. lDaniel at Petersburg during a,
eeut political campaign: "Fellow
itizens of the old Commonwealth of
irginia: I come to you from the fair
unmain of the mother of statesmen and
~resident& .L come from dhe valley of
he Shenandoahu, the daughter of the
tars. There the river tiows, whispering
o its grassy b'anks the name of Lee,
.ue, Lee! Thle rivulets, flowing down
lie moeuntain side to join the river
weeping to th e sea, whisper the name
f Lee, Lee, Lee! And the northern
lains, scarred by the lierce feet of the
~od of war, look up the blue, overarch
ug canopy of heaven, and caill to it
oftly the name (f Lee, Lee, Lee! I
ome from the Eastern Shore, where the
Iue waves of old oce'an roll in upon the
hiing sands, and sun and se and'shore
na breeze m~ake glad the eye and heart,
ud whaen I ask, What are the wild waves
iying? the answer comes, Lee, Lee,
see"-Ben. Perley Poore in the Boston
Pigs pay better than mines for a steady
usiness thie world over: although both be