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VOL. IlLMANNIN6 ('LAREI)ON CONTY, S. C., WED)NESDAY, -MAY 4, 17 O 0
G RiAN V 'I Vl0 X LND) - MAI;
S t r e e r--ittiUZni. "
Great Proc eion--Other E'- of th'e
(From tie _e-* v nd , . o; ri r. ..pi )
Robed in sunshine, redolent with the
varied perfumes of her numerous gar
dens fanned hither and iLither by ex
hilarating brcezes from the aeCa, Charles
ton, re iing inl of i
bay, m a mos: g v.ciComce t
herguesson C-d'is oy
balmy. It was ial the h.ets adi
combined to make a giorio)uu. a perCect
day. The heavy rains of MounJay had
washed thae paved streets as clean as a
new floor, showing off to great advant
age this wonderful work of Mayor
Courtenay's administration, and giving
the soldiers the best marching route to
be found in the country, while the rain
and wind together had eool-d the air so
as to make military exercise a pleasur
rather than a fatigue. Man :cemed I
unison with the ekments, and 'rom ear."%
dawn, when curious visitors began to;
roam the stre-ts, until Lte at ghtr,
when the last roysterer returi-:d. tohi,
lodgings, all went smoothly ::.nd happiiy.
The astmbly at the Battery, the uro
cession througah the streets, the cere
monies at Marion Square, were all grand
spectacles, attended by immense throngs
and successtulv conducted.
At an early hour the city was astir
from the Batterv to the Forks of the
Road and from the Cooper to the Ash
ley, and long before te time for the
formation of the procession gay crowd,
were wendi.ig their way from the remoter
quarters of the city to posuions where a
view could be ob:ained of oze or the
other of the great events of the d'ay.
Later, the streets were enivened by
military companies marching t) anid fre,
and the music of numerous hauds tilled
the air. By 12 o'clock the Battery and
Marion Square were black wit: the im
mense throngs of people, while, on botl
sides of the mile and a half of Meeting
street, along which the procession was
to move, and on East and South Batter
and King, Calhoun and Meeting Atreets,
enclosing Marion Square on urLcee su ez ,
and the Citadel on the oh-:r,
piazza, balcony, window, p pet ane
other point of vantage was oec.pI b"
eager spectators. M-Uany of the. reop
waited patzently for ho urs, ai i
crowd lingered at M arion s:e 'r.
the last act in the unvei e r n.el
had been perfoxmed. Ntitaa
the excitement and enthu- a (,,f tn&
day, and the unprecedented nmber of
visitors in the city, no accdei or is
turbance of any kind occurrnzd to mar:
the perfect success of the celkration.
Truly, the ladies of the Calhian Mon-.
ument Association may congratulate
themselves on so brilliant a termManon
to their many vears of earnest and con
secrated labor. The asseubla;ge o! ws
tingnished persons was most notable,
the gathering of visitors from au part,;
of the State most flatterng, the miliary
display the grandest th.at Las been 'een
in Charleston for many a lvng uay, a-n(
last, but not least, the orator anid the
oration were worthy of the great man
whose memory was honored.
THE PnoCEsIoN A 3IAGNIFICENT PAGEANT.
Betimes in the morning the military
were maing their preparations for ren
Prompty at noon the vast crowd ,of
soldiers and citizens who were to take
part in the procession were got into line
and the grand pageant mused off in
Meeting street from the Battery was
by this time entirely blocked with peo
ple. It is estimated that there could
have been not less than 20,000t people
gathered along the route of the parade.
The approach of the column was herald
ed by an almost endless procession of
street cars, which had been prarked at
the Battery terminus of the City Rail
way. Then came a single policeman and
the procession itself, which took thirty
five minutes to ps a given point, and
which was composed as follows:
The chief marshal and assistants.
Governor Richardson and statr with
Adjutant General Bonham.
General Huguenin and stalf.
Regiment of visiting troops compris
ing the following companies:
1. Gordon Light Infantry, of Winns
boro, Capt. W. G. Jordan, Lie-ut. J. W.
Seigler, 32 men. Uniform of dark blue
trimmed in light blue, white cross belts
and blue and white epaulettes and blue
kepies with white feather plumes.
2. Governor's Gluards, of Columbia,
Capt. Wilie Jones, Lieuts. E. E. Calvo;
and Geo. K. Wright, 35 men. Uniform
cadet grey faced with black and trimmied
with gold, grey kepies, white plumes,
epaulettes of white and gold.
3. Richland Voluntee~r Rideo, of Ca-:
lumbia, Capt. Chans. Nennham,. Lients
J. K. Alsten and Chas. Crancaberg, 30i
men. Un iformn cadet grey trimmedu and
faced with black and gold, white ana
gold epaulettes, cross belts and kepie,
with white pompons.
4. Cataw ba hRiles, of Rock Hill. Capr2t.
Allhn Jones, Lieut. R. T. Fewell, 30
men. Uniform cadet grey, Laced anu
trimmed with green and ge-id.
5. Greenville Guards, Cap~t. J). M.
Patrick, Lieuts. P. W. beyles atnd Wil
liam Hunt, 30 men. State re-gulation:
6. Abbeville Rijks, Capt. W. C. l'e
Gowan, Lients. A. W. Smith :nd . I.
Lythgoe, 30 men. State rcgainu
7. Darlington Guards, Cap. E: R
Mdclver, Lieut. .i. K. Melv-a ct?
Lieut. J. S. Burch, :x0 amen. Enl.m
olive green, faced with b.uf and rim r'tn
with gold, green kepies with white an
8. Florence Riles, Capt. J. u. i'loe
Lieuts. W., M. BErown anda . 1,e
Neill, :30 men. State reguh:aion un'i
9. Sumter Light Infantry, Capt. n.
F. Wilson, Lieuts. R. A. Bry'u, . C.
Phelps and L. W. Pick, 30 mu. State
Jmi.sen. R. N. Rishbourg, of Cc
lumbia, commanded the comparies o.
the 2d brigsde; Brig.-Gen. W. E. JanC
of Darlington, the companies of :he :i
brigade. and Col. .T. Q. Marshall tho
o the Palmetto lle inient.
Beaifort Volunteer Artillerv. Capt.
B. B. Dms, Lieut. A. P. Pri.leau.
mo1. The company is uniformed iU
g .rey trimmed with crimson and g
and paraded as infantry, with muskets
ind apsacks, -,,resenting a splend3id
appearance. Judeed, the Entire regi
meut of visiting troops attracted much
attention by their handsome appe)carane,
their soldieriv bearing and their evolu
BAttaior of Cit avel Ca.det , 100 stroug,
iUt. A. L. MilS. U. S. A-, comuund
ing Get iet.W. H1. Alrn. adijnlant.
X r.t eolmpany, Cadet Capt. C. b.
.ishey, Licats. H. A. Bruynson and E.
Second company, Cadet Capt. G. A.
Luce, Lieut. L I. Bagi al.
Third company, Cadet Capt. R. R.
Jeter, Lieut I;. L. Clark.
Fourth company, Cadet Capt. W. L.
Bo:-d, Lieut. E. A. Laird.
First Battalion Infantry, 4th brigade,
Lieut. Col. L. DeB. McCrady; adjutant,
Lient. F. J. Devereux, &urgeon Dr. P.
G. DeSausure, Quartermaste r Lieut. J.
! Hi&nizs, Judge Advocato L:~eut. C. B.
3. G:.rman Fusiliers, C pt. H.
Schachze, 4S men.
2. Palmetto Guards, (color company,)
Capt. E. L. Bull, 45 men.
3. Irish Volunteers, Capt. C. A. Mc
HIugh, 30 men.
4. Montgomery Guards, Capt. D.
5. Washington Light Infanfty, Capt.
J. Lamb Johnson, 52 men.
Second Battalion of I-afantry, 4th
iriga de, Capt. B. H. Rutledge, com
1. Sumter Guardls, Crspt. S. Hyde,
Tr., 1 men.
2. Carolina Rifles, Lieut. H. M.
iucker, Jr., 30 men.
First llegiment ot Artillery, Capt. F.
WV. W'agener commanding.
1. Pioneer Corps, Capt. F. Melchers.
2. German Artillery Band, Capt. An
3. First Company German Artillery,
limzounted, Lieut. J. F. Mevez.
4. Second Company Battery, Lient.
f. F. Lilienthal, total'150 men.
3. Lafayette Artilery, Capt. 11. L. P,
Bolger, 10 men.
Fird Brigdie Cavaltvl, Gn. C. St. X.
1. German us-ars, Capt. J. Ancrum
*. C - ight Dragoons, Capt.
d3. Eutr Light Lragoons, Capt. J. S.
orcher, 20 Men.
CIVIC SOCIETIZS, ANI) CiIvnNS.
The secon and the third division
omprised different civic soci-:ties, to
ether with citizens and ladies i:vited to
e present at the ceremonies. The fol
owing named bodies were represeuted:
St. Patricks Blienevolent Soc:ety, Ger
nan Friendly Society, Mechanics' Union
.\o. 1, Vunde'rbilt B0,-Levolent Associa-:
;on, all of Charleston: the High School
aid the Cullege of Chariemon; the
south Carolinai Division of the Travelers'
Lrtective Association; lodges of the
Miasons. the Knights of Pyrhias, the
)dd Fellows, the Knigbts of Honor; the
Jmmissioners of Marion Square, the
>)icers cof the South Carolin Militar\
academy, civil and military oficers of
he United States, civil and military
>ficers of this Stato, members of the
state Senate and House of Representa
:ives, and surviving oflicers and mem
ers of the Palmetto Regiment.
The Lades' Calhoun Monument Asso
:iation was represented as follows:
Oflicers-Mrs. Geo. Robertson, presi
lent; Mrs. H. W. DeSaussure, vice
presidient; Mrs. Joseph Walker, vice
~resident; Mrs. Joseph Blackman, cor
:esponding secretary; Miss Fannie E.
D~eSauasure, recording secretary; Mrs.
M. A. Snowden, treasurer.
D)irectresses-Mrs. Joseph Aiken, Mrs.
S. Atkins, Miss E. B. Cheesborough,
Miss Maria C. Cheesborough, Mrs. Louis
D). DeSaussure, Mrs. Marion DuBose,
MLrs. Elizabeth W. Fitch, Mrs. Cornelia
GIraysen, Mrs. Mary Gregg, Mrs. E. C.
Legare, Mrs. John A. Leland, Mrs. J.
Lockwood, Miss Marianne Porcher, Mrs.
Samal. Stoney, Mrs. T. J. Pickens.
At 31arion Square.
The scene on Marion Square at the
outset of the ceremonies at that point
formed a brilliant and impressive pic
ture, the features of which can scarcely
'ce described in the cold language of
print, but will remain indellibly fixed in
the mind of every one who was present,
as actor or observer.
The great plaza was crowded to its
utmiost borders with such an assemblage
as is rarely seen anywhere. Every coun
ty in the State was represented in the
curong. The dwellers in the city, who
seemed, indeed, to have come together
from every side in obedience to a corn
mon impulse, found themselves lost in
the mulititude of their visitors and be
came as strangers in sight of their own)
honat s. For a conisiderable di:,tance in
everv direction around the statue and
-peaker's stand, people were massed
together so densely that it was impossi
ble to pass the iing barriers. They
who were without could get no nearer,
whiie those w~ho constituted the charnm.d
ianer circle could not possibly have
escaped( from their position of high priv
JXge by any means short of a balloon,
r a battery of artillery, or something of
that general character. Far out from
:he centre the })lza was crowded a
.;reat decal !s, thickly for comfort, and
f h "t *ch o the ei ow " is indeed. a
,an 1 a co::.:rsoa purose between him
ao give I1nd I h imwo recivs it, there
.a.bjn quei*.'to wha1tever that all
south Caron:: had e'common olbject in
vie y.,iray Looki*'g down fromn
ny poin t o\ vantage the grec:t square
resented. for the mou part, thle ap
eaac oft a se of '~ iucanl heads-or
1 ne cunen' de witig in steadily :.l
- udits u:ores without visibsy raising
gceeal level. A great wave had
duLy. dashed against the grassy slope
runt of the battlemente~d Citadel, and
~e:many waits stranded high and dry
,n its green summit and sides. The
Citadel itself seemed to be staring with
all its hundrd eves. arA1 leiv1early
wide open ' 0b. t w0ldecrful
spectale pr nt t i i t
So much az -od of n ig h
linevs of the' ti-wr hi blotted
Cat for the t:'e te cro'w cv'e the
p!aza. the siei' and t.h. 1adway
alike with a com::w:2l~ m ul o ifiaei
ty, and prouin. 1tecrosmrs
sio'n tat Lite s ready m.nti~holed hadl
burs' its eurbstone *:mil.a ehiow, and
o-esoe to -he foot o the prfceipitous
o)rii'..wii V 1. T 11 C " zi hI t 1 1S, (1 fQl
brIck hills, e'ml. T eriek hills, of
course, had id ini thiemn. The
meahrshould.1 !'o dropped al. this
point, therfore tc avei o.,~ile em
barras-ent. Elvr viedw from base
ment to atti' w fl oig't, f:tir
roof's as thoug h id a -o pav <
stme ior thir owners to fail or, if
emergeney required. The belfrV of the
Orphanhouse, a quarter of a nule away,
was seen to be filled with spectators. 1
The church steeples nearer at hand sud
denly assumed an air of peculiar bleak
ness and extraordinary roominess as to
their outside, simply bccause of the,
wasted spac they afiorded to the view
in so makred contrast with all their sur
Tie Stage which occupicd a large space
between the monue1nt and Calhoun I
stret, was searcely less cronded than
tile gronids around it, aid presented a E
trly auin-atcd appeIrance on every
Thve decorations were of the most elab
orate kind, perhaps, that has ever been t
displaved in Charlkston. The idea run- t
nins tbrough all the work was that it t
should be typical of South Carolina's
garden and forest products. For this
reason the pine, palmetto and laurei an
peared eonspicuously among the general I
features of the design. i
The view of the stage from any point t
in front was exceedingly striking. First i
might be noted the lavish display of
flags; city flags, State flags, our national
flags and 1 Igs from the mtheads of C
nearly every ship of every nationiality in t
port. These were particularly notice
able over and around the speaker's pavil- 1
ion, and of themselves wouldhave been 0
a conspicuous feature. e
The next noteworthy detail of the di- a
play was the long and wavy festoons _of
moss, which were stretched along tie
whole front of the stage. From the
middle point of the reverse curve of each S
loop depended a graceful and emblem
atic laurel wreath. These were twenty- h
five in number. and were contributed bV 1
a numibe-r of ladU1.s of Charleston. IM
mediate!v above e .ah-reatb rose a 'taff
from which a Ila- 'o.a ad "y, and' i
deed. as alrc.iy s td the win'mber Uf,
banners and n i* c ts
the br-ze which stirred thot,.u 1 riife
in keepixg with the dutte of er~i-:""ent
around th-e no 0 'n et.
Twvo of the most remiarkahle, and at; t;
the same time most appropriate of the
details were palmettC- trees, one on cither tj
side of the pavilion. They were brought I
to the city from Kiawah Island, and t]
were about thirty feet in height, and ex
cellant specimens of the tree. Against
each of these trees was placed a shield, ;
on one of which was the familiar "Dum _
s*iro spero," and en the other the equal
ly familiar ''Animis opibusque parati." h
The speakcr's stand was literally on
vCoped with ?ltgs, and on the orator'se
desk was placed a magniticent plateau of
roses. The whole Cffect was exceedingly ,
attractive, and was commented upon a
favorably for the good taste displayed in
the arrangements, and for the magniti- 'i
conce of the exhibition. i
Immediately under the waving boughs f4
of these symbolic trees of State and un- tf
der the "folds of an immense United
States flag draped bet ween their feathery ti
crests, sat Mr. Secretary Lamar, the
orator of the occasion. On either side
and in the rear of his position, were b
grouped the distinquished gentlemen i
who had accompanied him in his
patriotic miission-S, cretary Fairchild,
Postmaster General Vuav, Senator Voor
hees, Mr. T. B. Ferguson, assistant:
United States commissior' - of fisheries,
and Mr. L. Q. Washington. Colonel
Reginald Hart, a distinguished member
of the New York Bar, though not con-!
neted with Mr. Lamar's party, was also
present. The State was well represented
by its most prorginent living sons.E
Among the number of those who were
on the stand were:
Governor Richardson, Lieutenant
Governor Mauldin, Senator Hampton,
Senator Butler, Mayor Courtenay, Con
gressman Ihbble, CXongressmian tiemp
hill, Congrssmasn Edliutt, ex-Governor
Sheppard, ex-Guvernor Bonhiam, ex
Governor Magrath, .Judlge Simionton,
Judge Bryan, Gen. John Bratton, Gen. ?
Rudolph Siegling, Gen. George 1)
Johnston, Gen. James F. hIzar, thle Hon.
W. P'orcher Mdles, Gen. B. '2. Rutledge,
ex-Attorney General Miles, Speake
Simions, Comptroller General Stoney,
Judge A. C. ilaskell, the Rev. C. C.
Pinckney, the Rev. C. A. Stakeley, E
Judge Aldrich, Solicitor W. Perry
Murphy, Representative C. J. C. Hut
son, Col. S. B. PLickens, Solicitor H. H. E
Newton, Col. John B. Palmer, Col.
Robert Aldrich, Adjutant General Bon- E
ham, Mr. Jos. W. .iarnweli, Major H
E. Young State Chemnist Cshazasl, 31ajo
W. 1 H. awly, thie Rev. John 0. Will
By 1 o'Cck the crowd had settled into
sca order as could be expected from s
lrge a concourse, the military had as
suimed the.ir pilaces, adding greatly, by
teir a~Opearanice, to the attractiveness of
the scene, and the ceremionies w.ere be
gn at that hour, witour the dlh and
cofusion usually ineiden"t to public oe
theiollowi? adde 'u'eadc'::gc
Laics antc id iellow-Citizr:hisis 'h
memor 've 0 iver a th dayl ot oxi
soew'n tund ndte: pmu~ii wga
rever shile ino Cwlddow ad btaerge I
from ethis apailbl surand cethigou
tir damuesonu ity and hosade were.
sad and silent spectators of these public
eomnon impulse, to our iulustrious dead.
No one, however young, who wit
uessed that public demontration of
respect and affection can ever forget the
26th of April, 1850-an entire city
shrounoed with the emblems of mourning,
whuilst nacated thousands preserved
,or i-oursa continnous and profound
ileie-. "Te grief tLat does not speak,
A.hi'; rs.3 tI., 'r-fraught heart."
The last ofiices discharged, the re
aius o1 .ioim C. Calhoun were buried
1er, in the heart of this metropolis of
,ouLl.n carolina, coided to us as a
rcei-ms tus:, -which our people have
ateched over with jealous care, and at
vhose sawzz-?stion the 'State has raised
l:he i'mp .ig tomb whie' now encloses
TLis thirty-seveuth anniversary day
Vit-e til same devotion to t'le mem
>rv o; ie iltlut.rous dead. It is, how
!ver, peculiarly touching, as the day of
uccessful euh1iination of the work of
he women of Carolina, in perpetuating
he name and fame of 'John C. Calhoun.
"Whatever transports us from the
)resent to the past, from the near to the
emote, widens the mind as well as in
tracts it; makes it reflective, sets it
ree; whatever recalls to us eminent per
ons, their commanding intellects and
ngaging parts, above all their fortitude
nd stlI-sacrifice, reinforces our man
lood, and encourages our virtue."
The enduring bronze that is uncover
d hzer. and will here remain a witness
o coming gene::ations of honor and
-eneration2s, is the tribute of Carolina's
aughters. It is sacredlas their thought,
heir sentiment and tLeir labor. The
ruth, the purity, the nobility, the in
ellectual and moral greatness of the
ead, are exalted in the gracious keeping
f their tender and loyal hearts.
All honor to them in their work of
atriotism and lovfe. All honor to them
a their unfaltering following, amid dire
rials and fateful struggles, of this high
urpose, and its final achievement this
ay. To them be our gratitude for rear
2g this grand memorial, that will for
ver keep before us the form and coun
enance of him whose mind ruled so
iajestically in life; who, whatever may
ave been the fate of some of his public
pinions in the logic of events in his
Lmtry's history, has this day the hom- 1
ge of his countrymen everywhere, for
is vast intellectual power, his high
ioral purpose, his unbending will, his
nsullied public and private life, and his
preme devotion to duty.
An appropriate prayer was now offered
y the Rev. Chas. Catesworth Pinckney, I
:ector of Grace Church, Charleston.
TrM STATUE rUNVE >.
After a brief interval the appointed
gnal was given, and a band in the
idst of the pl.za suddenly poured forth
ie iii ring strains of 'Dixie." The
ust multitude instantly recognized the
ruiliar strains before half a dozen notes
ad sounded, and began to cheer. In
ic same instant the cords were drawn
F the hands of fair young girls, the
gs that had closely draped the statue
o to this time mysteriously quitted
leir place and floated away to the height
the neighboring standard, and the
ajestic form of the great statesman
ood revealed to the eyes of his people
-to Wevring high above their heads, as
: had towered in life above the men of
is day and generation.
It vas an iml)ressive moment, and its
gAficance seemed feit by every heart
the assembled host. The shouting
as quickly succeeded by a deep silence,
2d eve-ry eye became fixed upon the
ern, bronzed face. The attitude of the
gure is that assumed by Mr. Calhoun
Ldelivering an address, and it seemed
>r a few moments as if the people felt
iemselves to be in his presence and ex
cted him to speak to them again in
i long-hushed accents of wisdom and
The silence was more pleasantly
oken, however, by the voice of the
ving instead, and "the Rev. Chas. A.
takely ieading the following
ODE, BY MIsS E. B. CHEESBOROLGH.
len Truth looked from her starry
And called for champions brave,
:e heard the summons and went forth
His native South to save.
:er balance in his honest hands
Fair Justice eager placed,
iile Wisdom, with her radiant crown,
His subtle genius graced.
he Constitution was his star,
And guided by its light,
:e strove to steer tae ship of State
Through the darkness of the night.
'isonuor, worse to him than death,
He sternly kept at bay,
don the whitest heights of Truth,
Serenely took his way.
ivincible in logic stern,
All potent in debate,
ec sent the arrows winging back
To the envenomed heart of hate.
ec bore the odium of reproach
While battling ior the right;
.is prophet voice in clarion tones
Foretol the coming night
Fe andsU would set o'er fields of blood,
And stars shine o'er the same,
hen War's dread torches, hot and red,
O'er Southern homes would flame.
prophet of the eagle eye!
0, p~atriot without stain!
hou'st given a priceless gift to us
In thy untarnished name.
or this we've sought to honor thee,
Great champion of the Truth;
ri mai wenid have this hallowed spot
A Mceen for our youth.
Aa jun uig hither they may learn
To ittle tuer the right,
er~ rt's ori!!amnme aloft,
Unda.uad i the fight.
IIro"ugh eHl 'ur golden jasmine bowers,
And tiruughc magnolia's bloom,
ou naew' wait on wings of love,
Thy honored name, CAL HOUN.
loat it above the' city's spires.
And o'er ti-e bay's blue tide,
ell how he battled for the South,
And lbattlihg thus-he died.
e woinen asa no brighter fate,
We seek no loftier fame,
Than thus to link our memories
With his immortal name.
I While History weaves for him her crwn,
The fairest ever seen,
Carolina's daughters long will strive
To keep the garland green.
SECRETARY LAMAR S ORIATION.
Immediately following the reading of
this ode, Nayor Courtenay introduced
Secretary Lamar, who delivered a most
able and eloquent address upon the life
and character of John C. Calhoun.
Mr. Lamar spoke with like earnestness
and ease, his voice being modulated
with the skill of a trained orator, while
hi:, manner impressed every he-arer with
his own deep interest in the subject oft
his address. Tt is needless to add that
his audience showed that interest to the
end, as was manifested by the attention
with which his words were followed
throughout, and the hearty and sincere; I
congratulations of these immediately
around him when he gracefully retired I
from the front of the stand and resumed t
The Rev. W. F. Junkin then read the
ODE, BY MRS. MARGARET J. PRESTON. a
[Written by request, for the unveiling
of the Statue of John C. Calhoun, at <
Charleston, South Carolina, April 2Gthi, -9
Stand forth, stern patriot! calm, severe, I
As in thine hour's supreme elation,
When eager Senates thronged to hear
The voice that thrilled a listening na
Step from thy civic chair; receive
The homage which thy people render:
The best that grateful hearts can give t
To keep thy memory fresh and tende1.
Our City by the Sea, while yet
Disaster lays its grasp upon her,
Remembers her inviolate debt
Of pride and reverence, love and honor. e
Her spires may rock, her towers may
Her centuried grandeur sink and
Her homes be ravaged, roof and wall,
And ruin blast what most she cher
Yet while one spot stands firm and fair,
Safe from the elemental riot,
We'll place our patriot-warder there, .T
Sublime in his majestic quiet.
Through life his watch knew no surcease;
What then, if in the far Elysian,
Through the clear atmosphere of peace,
He holds us still in vatic vision!
The eye so keen to note the wrong,
The v ice so firni for law and order;
Shall we not own their guidance stron 1
From mountain crest to ocean border? d
With reverence for the power that led a
His mind to each profound conviction, e
We bow beneath his haud outspread, t
And here receive his benediction! P
ERTH,* with her mirror, at his feet, 11
Gives back, without a wane of glory,
is whole consistent life, complete
As some clear page of classic story.
Stern JUSTICF vows, by sword and shield--p
Her robes of regal state upon her,- '.1
hat she, as soon her scales could yield, a<
As he-his Carolina's honor! e
And in her sovereign majesty, tl
The CossTITrioN, with her token st
Spread open on her bended knee,-s
Not one of all her fasces broken- w
[ooks up to him, whose giant thrust
Still kept at bay each pressing foeman;
Ready todie,-if die he must,
"Pro Patria!"-grand as any Roman!
See! Hisra takes her diamond pen,
To trace with calmness unimpassioned,
rom first to last, his life,-for when
Was statesman's life so purely fash- b
So tireless in its aim to wage a
The war of' splendid word and action;-; U
So staunch amid the rant and rage o.
Of envious and ignoble faction;- i
So like a lighthouse on a rock,
When fast the surges swirl, and faster,;
Still warning those who did bat mock,
Of tempest, shipwreck, wrench, disas
et, erc the onset, doomed to die!
Disdaining place, and fame and favor: jI
-"My country !"-still his latest sigl' ti
"I would have staked my life to save h<
Ea,-when the stress of peril came,
And war's wild ravage sore bestead
E'B would have led her hosts thirough
Of battle, even as Hampton le2d them'
Ee would have died, like gallant Bee,
As if a martyr's crown had crowned
To guard his State's dear sovereignty,
With her Palmetto ung around him:
Fair Carolina! Mid the names w
That blazou thy heroic pages,
Whose record all our reverence claims
Whose words go sounding down thejuo
Place hrzt. piece foremost, proudest,
The name hire cut. whose splendid
Blown henceward,-North, East, South
alid West- t
Remains your heritage of glor-!
The four allegorie figures on the base
>f the toinmeot represent Truth, Jus- fl
ice, The Coun;titution and History. ]
The benediction was then pronounced
)y the Rev. John 0. Willson .nd the s<
:rowd dispersed. d
THE sALL-T2. a:
The Vice-President's salute (4 nine- U
een guns was fired at White Point Gar- t
en as the statue was unveiled. The t
iring was done by a platoon of the Ger- i ti
aan Artillery, under the direction of
dajor Geo. W. Bell, of General Hugue- ti
in's staff. The guns were handled by 0
lie veteran members of the corps, all of E
rhom paraded at the Calhoun funeral -
hirty-seven years ago.
istory of the Monument.
Various plans were set on foot for the
rection of a monument that she ald be
rorthy of Calhoun. In Charleston an
ssociation of the military and fire de
artments was organized and progressed t
D successfully that in 185 a chai ter was
otaiied, so as to put the association on
permai.nt basis. The funds collected
_)rerem time to time turned ever to
Le Ladies' Association. Other organi- '
ations were formed for the same pur
ose, and made some progress in the
rork. But it was reserved for the P
Vo0:.iEN oF CARoI.I:A, who in all ler his- M
>ry have not only inspired her .,ons to
:c-ir best and bravest deeds, but have
ver been ready themselves to strive P
ith hand and heart for her honor, to A
ndertake and accomplish this sacred t
uty, never forsahing their noble pur- si
ose through the palmy days of peace, h
ae terrors of war and the greater evils
f the years that followed.
Un the 2:d of January, 1854, eleven
tals' mt at thle rsiecCe of one of so
eicr number in Charleston for the pur- 0
o'e of forminug an asociation -lo aid 0)
ie Calhoun _lonument Association in t
>lecting a sas suftieient to baild a
"onu1ent to the memorv of Jolin C. M
ahoim." They proceeded at o.ee to m
rgain ze, framea and adopted a consti
ntion, in which the socitty was styled o
ie "Lai-s C lh'oun alonument Asso
ation," proiue(d tat any one might L
eeomea menbr en payment of one
Llar iLo i. treasury, cieeted oilicers, .
A prepared a cireabr to be distributed t
O, i i r State, and m
rue ial 'rs dto thL young l
e. -.li. va sent to alt af the
:hIo , ar 1s. first ilicers re
- esident; Mrs.
dhn .I. lu id and I'rs. l ieijry Gray,
ago.td :.s IL. S. Potter. corr-pond- s
bi IetIs \is Maria Cheuisbor
Lge, re'ordoi~g sereetr, and Miss 1. su
aerwads Mrs. Snowden,) f
easurer. Irs. Monk removed from o
harleston a few nonths later, andI Mrs. Pe
eorge Lobertson became preeident, is
id has held that oflice to the present th
me. A nuniber of ladies were also
cted "dirctresses, wao were charged f
it' the general conduct of the atfairs of,
!e Association an vith the special
atV of obtaining contributioas and ex
nding the membership.
In i513 the As-ociation was incorpor
:ed, and the fund, which had been u
xrc:ly invested, wL..e tran.ferred to .
Le corporate uvaie. A committee of ro
:omient gentlemen were selected to
Ivise and aid the ladies in the manage
ent of their affairs, and in 1838 they :
ported that the Associationi might safe- th
underIake toe erection of a monu- thi
ent to cost $,000U. re:
TIEl LATINGi OF THE (OINER-sTONE. er
The 28th of June, 1858, was appointed bu
r the laying of the corner-stone of the ag
onument, and on that day a splendid qe
ocession, comprising the military, the *9
asons and other civic societies, and ifl
comanied by the ladies of the Aso na
ation in carri'ages, was formed on the no
attery und-.r commandi of the late sp
en. Win. E. M1artin and marched to in
e Citadel Square, where the corner- Pr
one was laid, at a point eighty feet
uth of the salivport of the Citadel,
ith Masonic ceremonies, conducted by
.W. Grand Mlaster Henry Buist. it
a freestone block, two feet eight inches co:
de, and one foot two inches deep, in- gr
The Corner-stone I.
LAid by Henry Buist, su
3A. WV. Gutad Master eif
Grand Lodge, A. F. 31. of S. C. o
June 2tih, A. L. 558. fe
The first step accomplished, the memn-e
rs of the Asociation did not relax O
ir eflerts, bout encouraged by their
ceess pressed vigorously on.
Plans and estimates were discussed,
a waen the war broke out the work of
ilinag the mionumenit was on the eve th.
acompihment. Then caum the
ur vears' struggle w'itu Its tris an I
kme Ton scvr is to theecourage:~
c sieidea of '1's Snowde.s the
caue dag thiis priciod, that the
$eiuCtion owe its continuedcexi ence .
a in he on property, shaepreserted t
t oi the. Association. When Sheraman'
irned Columnbia she passed thr-ough St
se fearful days and nights with the
curs of the Association stitched in
.e folds of her dress, and, taking no
ought of her own losses, held inviolate
r sacred trust. s
When the war was over it was tound
at suen was the character of the in
.stmnns tfflt screelv one was V~ihu
. e.j O o.e aL cit dui. tie ,
Sw'r 'a Conf-Li Leratiurrene and
t'll, but there stil , ra (' a a
nenntU act"u ' iy ' availL' OUmeL tt
IChIi" miht 1e)earne out.u
re pl"c'd in the' hands of Col. P. C.
Lailard who, an 1b4. presented .. com- :i
ThA.oeio having been reorga~n- rie
d, the prop~osition was made, aCai met
ith I'vor i' many quarters. that zue:;
ad in theij.r h auds should be ns d for i hn
Le endiowmenlit of an eduicationali insti-|
io for the young mien -or young~ -,
men t th Stae, apropiatey de i-'P
ited to the memory of Mr. Calhoun.
t seemed to many to be almost a
iockery to expend this large sum on a
iere ornamental monument when thou
inds of the people he loved so well
-erE unable to give their children even
.e rudiments of education, and that no
ionument could be more in keeping
ith his character and the wishes he
ould himself have had than a school
)r the training of the young.
But there was a serious difficulty in
ie way. Very many of the original
ibscribers to the fund, among them
me of the largest contributors, were
ead, many had removed from the State
id were inaccessible, and it would have
een assuming a very grave responsibili
for the comparatively small number
iat could be brought together to divert
.e fund even to so laudable a purpose.
Ider these circumstances the Associa
on appealed for advice to a committee
gentlemen, consisting of Messrs.
enry Gourdin, Isaac W. Hayne, W.
. Porter, James Conner, Wilmot G.
eSaussure and W. J. Bennet, all of
hom had been warm friends of the
ssociation. It is sad to note, in pass
.g, that not one of them survives to
e the completion of the work they
ere so much interested in. These gen
emen being unable to reach a full
,reement, on their suggestion the ques
>n was submitted to the Hons. B. F.
unkin and Henry D. Lesesne two ex
tancellors of the State, who, after
reful consideration, delivered an opin
n, in which they held that the invest
ent of the funds in the manner pro
)sed would not be the kind of monu
ent intended by that word as used in
e Constitution of the Association.
Accepting the dicision the Association
oceeded to carry out the original plan.
general meeting was held on the 18th
March, 1876, when it was agreed that
e general design of the monument
ould be a bronze statue of Mr. Cal
>un upon a pedestal of native granite.
A committee of gentlemen, with Major
enry E. Young as Chairman, the AL
ciation having been deprived by death
the invaluable services of Gourdin,
cned a wide correspondence with the
w of obtaining an artist to execute
e statue and design the base of the
>nument, and in 1879 they recom
mnded to the Association Mr. Albert E.
irnisch, a young artist, a native of
iladelphia, but residing and carrying
his profession in Rome. Mr. Barn
:h came to Charleston <md submitted
reral designs, one of which, with some
)difications suggested by the Associa
n, was accepted, and a contract was
ide with Mr. Harnisch for a bronze
tue of Calhoun on a pedestal of Caro
a granite, and four allegorical figures,
)resenting Trath, Justice, the Consti
ion and History, for the sum of $44,
The funds of the Association had been
skilfully managed,andso wellinvested,
it they amounted by that time to up
.ds of $60,000, thus allowing an ample
m beyond the cost of the bronze work
: the erection of the foundation and
destal. The base of Carolina granite
thirty-six feet square, the height of
a stone work thirty-three feet and df
fifteen, making the whole forty-eight
t in height.
The statue of bronze, cast at the San
chele foundry in Rome, represents
Calhoun in the act of addresing the
nate; he has just risen from his seat
d the cloak winch he wore has fallen
on the chair behind him.
The allegorical figures which will sur
and the base represent Truth, Justice,
nstitution and History.
[n 1883 the Legislature appropriated
sum of $30,000 for the erection of
sarcophagus which now encloses the
nains. The marble slab which coy
~d the tomb was taken into tihe vesti
le of St. Philip's Church and leaned
minst the wail. In the great earth
ake of last August it was thrown
avn and broken mn two just above the
cription. The vestry of thle church
weo recently had it placed against the
rth wall of the churchyard, near the
>t where Mr. Calhoun's remains were
erred during the war, with an appro
some Opinions of "Evangelists."
~in editorial in the Nashville Advocate
itains this sentence: "1'hank God the
sat body of Mlethodist preachers is
nposed almost solidly of evangelists
the best sense of the word." 'That is
od, and if the saying of Dr. Price, of
aston, who seems to have studied the
.ject, is true, the evangelists in the
rst sense are not Methodists. We
ght to be thankf al for that. Dr. Price
rs that "the greed for gain-'the ac
esed thiret for gold'-lies at the bottom
much of the evangelistic activity seen
these days." The New Yorh Chnstian
.vocate has no misgivings on the sub
t, but boldly asserts "there are five
ndred hypocrites, imposters and
inks of one sex or the other getting
air living as temperance lecturers,
mngelists, etc., in the United States
i Canada." That is a bad showing,
t only proves what has been often
d: "T1he pe~ple love to be hum
ged." In this matter they obtain
>erienlce at too dear a price. God
bid that we should throw a straw in
way of any man who honestly tries
do good; but, brethren, make every
anger show clean papers.-St. Louis
He Dreaded the Story.
'You are charged with meeting Mr.
ith on Broadway last night and as
dting him withi.1 tive minutes after
i saw him," observed the court to a
'What is your defense?"
'l did it iii self-defense, your honor."
'In self-defeuse? He didnt strike
1 first, did he?"
'No, yuhonor; but you see his
:ewon a race down i Kentucky and
,dnt seen himu since the event. "-Ex.
t is no fougcr questioned, it is ad
:ted, that the blood of man is im
ving. The children of to-day are
ter formed, have better muscle and
aer mindls than our ancestors. The
se of this fact is due more to the
tral use of Dr. Harter s Iron Tonic
n any other source. *
Iowt of Persia is very rugged, hence the