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VO.1IANNING. CL A ENDONS COU NTY, S. C., W EDNESDAY J 88s NO. 24.
Vol-J IIIA T I
THIS Ai.I.-DIOlRTANT MAT 'E1.
A Careful Revit..- of the Co:dUtion 0.
Scwhools as Learne by in-ti" a Win
Leading People inL this Sectioi.
F:-om th-e ':,tuimere An
The Imev. William F. Slocum, of the
First Congregational Church, returned
on Saturday night from an extended trip
of several weeks' duration in, the
Southern States, where he was e gaged
a imvestigatimg the conditions of edu0a
tion, particularly colored 'tols
Among the places visited were ;
ton, Savannah, Jack-Uvilie, Fl.t, New
Orleans, Jackson, -Miss., and Talladega,
Ala. Besides visiting the publiu .iihol
from lowest to highest grade, ad tLe
various colleges, an interview v.::3 had
with the Governor of Missis:,ippi, '. ius
city authorities, State educatio coM
missioners and othevs. 'Mr. S eum
said: "I found every where a stro:e
ing that the colored people must a ed
ucated. The New South has no oubts
on this questicu. In most cases i p;nary
education of colored people iscora- cte
by the State, Georgia and M iss.Ip:
particularly granting large sums: but
higher instruction in the ordinary En
lish branches is usually afforded by t be
church schools supported by p!ilan
thropic contributions. The w f
these schools is of greatest importance
for training colored teachers of high
character. It is a striking fact tat re
ligion, as taught by the ordinary e4 red
preacher in the South, is not elevt
the moral tone of the colored race. Of
course there are striking exceptions. but
the improved moral tone of the race
comes through the training in tiiee
higher church schools and colle. . It
found a prevailing tentiment every were
that industrial education must be push
ed. This amounts to a decided mve
Laent and -ome of the colleges do Irst
rate work. Another strikiug fact that
shows improved moral conditions is t hat
the color line is growing more diict
that is, there are more black children
and fewer mulattoes, which indic:d., a
healthiersevaration of whites and blacks.
No one who has not stcod face to
with the tremendous proldem in L
South can rightly appreciate its iot'y
difficulties, and yet there are elent nin
hope. stroig hope, and the outlook i"
not woiolly discouraging.
"In Charleston the 'dorrin
school is the best for colored chil, 1.
and contains about v: impi "
principal, Mr. A. Doty, an C.,t
Southein gentleman, was :n oiietr a
the South Carolina army. it is a
nificant fact that it was he who ioa.
the first gun that fired upon the ship
advancing to th" aid of F]i'rt Sumter in
1861- The school is prevaded -uith '.e
spirit of military discipline, anad the
utmost neatness of dress is reg.
There are 24 teachers, but only primr o
branches are taught.
"In Savannah colored teachers ::re
employed in the colod schools, as is
usually the case throughout the Som.
except irr Charleston. Here, as eV
where else, the sentiment that the colored
people must be educated prevails.
"un Florida not so much has been
done as elsewhere. The colored popula
tion is not so great there as in som of
the other States. It is signiticant thtt
the new college for whites, the W\inter
Park College, at Winter Park, Fl.
though only two years old, has take a
very high stand among Southern eaut.
"In New Orleans the educatiorau
movement for both races is strong, and1
it is spreading into the counties of the
State in an excellent system of county
free schools. The Straight University,1
in New Orleans, is the best institution
for the training of colored stude nts in
the more advanced branches. It has 50
in attendance, and supplies numecrousI
teachers to the country schools through.
out the South. Eighty per cent. of thse
graduates become teachers. The univer
sity has white teachers, and includes a
law arnd a theological departmet. Its
funds ::ome largely from the American
Missionary Association, and it is doing
worK of great value. Some of the ne
groes about New Orleans arc becombi:g
quite wealthy as plantation owners, and
one owns a large interest in one of the
railroads that runs into the city.
"Mississippi appropriates $1,000,000)
annually for educational purposes, aro
the amount is divided per capita a.mong
the white and the blackphodis. The:
Governor of the State-if a man of ad
mirable shrewdness, who believes thor
oughly that the saifety of the country
depends upon the educatiou of the co!
ored people. 'We feel very kindly ti
ward the colored people;' 'aid the Gox
ernor, and added. rathr siutcaty
believe that thi-e apaies of the coloredi
race have bee n underrat'a.' The~ be
school for the educt.ion of coloed stu
!den~ts in iisippi is at Toug'loo, ne'
Jackson. It is upon a lrg plntie
of 500 acer., ..as, ' 't'.eis 'dci
upon the idustria pl. I hs l~
active suppor t the S tt, imm whic
it receives 5~.,'I00 a y 'r l of the
boys work on the f arm for one hour each
day, which hais two valuable resulte:
First, it teaches them how to care for
stock, &c., and second, how to imsprove
wornout lands, a necessary procs in
the agricultural development of the
South. Blacksmithing, carpentryv and
tinning are taught. A student, it he
chooses', may become a regular appren
tice. A most interesting exprimnti
being tried by the president of the col
lege at To" ugaloo. He putrchased a tract
of 2,000) acres of land, which he dividea
into tracts of 2 and 30Q acres, and is sell
ing to colored familie". It is f'onu t.a.
thelandholder immuedliately beconmes con
servative and more strenuous for higher
education. This school is doing a ms
important work, and every cent received
from contributions is welt expen' d.
"Anotherschool of similar acelenc
is that at Talladega, in labaia. Iti
upon the industn~al plan:, i5 supporte
by the American Missionary: Ass'scii,
and receives help from the Sbte
fund, so wisely administered by Dr.
Haygood, formerly of Oxford, ia. tSew
ing and cooking are among the branches
taught to girls.
".An excellent featnure sthat a small
s-.hools t is n-evr less tlhan :1 per
Inh A'. n r .1 per
o i has, bo.ei found' tiastrous to
give :molcation t" ay !,nie free Of
cha.rge. for it is not prI* d.3In
of the colorl pro)pht- great .aeri
lices ~n~to ee to r c;.drtn at schoul.
The spiri of devotion amoug the teach
ers in the coiepe, who nre uiuallv per
Sons ( thorouh ti 1 tae North,
and who nia!!v re-ie very mleagre
salaries, is one ot the .opeful signs of
our tiaUms. .inhed, the whole problem,
Oliver Wedl 1--H 1 c has a L. 'Any
patient e- i I cu L thI d ct
is caled i-n time, bat t. treul i, in
many cases that Im doctor shouli P:ze
e etdled tol or tLrce louvdrot ye a'
btfore the p ra r.- Th-ae -e i
a sirong sentineuot iu the South that thle
colored peoule must go onto the Soil.
There is something in this. They sem
not unnited for it, and may become a
kind of strong conservative yeoLmanry in
the South. Buit their occupatioLs need
not be limited to this cylere, and many
oth1cr occupations Colored lawyers
practice in the country distriets, and
ill certain cases colored physielais have
been calle-d in consultin with white
phys~ician. aThefa t muA beo kept in
miud that tLis is a question of elevating
a race, and not merlv of raising a lew
individ:s in tL-s generation. The i
church schools are having a !trong andi
elevating moral intuenee. TLe spirit
of genuine r-ligiou- devotion is often
profound. Each college needs to be
specialvl endowed so as to carry out an
indepciident policy adapted to the com
munity in which it is placed. These
sehools are necessarv oecause they make
the elements od Lora and religious
-haracter, a.d this character can be
>rought into the race only by the special
raining of individuzis who shall become
licigent and upright leaders. Le
ame may be said of the pupils in these
chools as Dr. Thomas Arnold said of
he boys of Englnnd, 'We must seck to
raise up~ gre~atlrs.'
A gLIND INVENTOR.
..on- auc na :<. )rg:Jae Gun :rmi Other
Sz-in Withctt t:h- Aidt of sighc.
I have haI the opport unity of meeting
,he inv entor of a new rifle. Herr Franz
Forla, t a fomnsr ieutenunt in the
fLustrian arm'y, who, during the !irst
:.ni sin::. rt.ecived a shot in
ais r.lIt eye, wich destroyed t Ae optic
aerve', an~d, indirAectly, soll acedL the-, lef lt
Ae til the p S deaer, no oly 28
ke.r ! id, 1:a.- 1boen fur it last -ine
_ir6 totZally 1b:Ind. B1ut wiVthout th e use
i he e iz i: ine =u anl has'
I d u g ese years not vULy, a
2eW aga:ngu, also two mi
hnes the t iOxidti ion of iron
.tvcc and othr metals at a coSt wich
.ant 1' called ridi"ulously Small; furth
r, au aipaatus ior automat.cal up
n a inwieroctett r, a new ;sott
autpowder, nut to e Of iliLr in
retions whichi fu -'.eir way into the
esse inustialetalshmntsof Vien.'
md saved the inventor from starvation, t
Us is great dicorvries, far from brir g
'ug ci: m oeats et Det.'te -a
.Mutlay 'a wh.i Ue ea ard'i only by ex-~
reme pt tsonal privations. "My rifl
::omplained t.e unfortu::ate inveatoe,
"would ha-e long been in the hands of
the British gov.ruLent had the advanc 1
:noniey which I hatd obtained from a
private person in London been more
than ?220, which Oid not suffice for the
vrages of one workman, who assists m,,
ma the necessary material.
"Now at last it is finished, and though
[ may f'all into the fault of all inventor,
[ considler it the best rifle existing, being
without the disadivantag'es of other na
:-ne ridles, and with many advantages
.ver them. I can prove by my Austrian
ma German patents of some live years
-'o that th'e straight puli system whichl
lstnguishes every modern r lie, and in
itslf, without the machine, secures the
louble effe,:t, has be-eunmy invention.
U~pon this and upon other appropr-t
tions in the line by ditferent successful
inet ? do not lay any stress. There
nis my. ne rte, which, in short, has the
folowing ad.2vantage-s: it can be used as
ingle loader even with an attached
magazue; eartridges are not thrown into
the Lgi~el in a loose form, but lie one
above the other, without the possibility
of placing them wrongly; the magazine
an be attacd er not at will; all parts
are0 sona, no ispiral spriLg exis i tim
rie; thle price of nmy weapon with roy
alty and eveything else will be under
2. Ev-ery old system, with the eep
tioa of Werdi's, can be used for trans.
formation into my ridle at a cost of S o
10) shiliigs-less in the case of Gras,
Mauser, Berdan or Beaumont, and
something more in the case of Ienry
"And how can you make any inven
tion, specially such a complicated one
as arifl, without, unafortutnately, being
able to :-o tL- e..Aiaa:te p:-ts, and how
are your dkvice, caniedt Out by the woa~rk
Iseev ' wit mynger- And not i
one sing' c. L.5 ::':e they: deceivaed me.
ti~os: we a'.e dth their *yes kare waron,
t~i ,wih h e. of y ::ng-rs, am
. -y . hla-/ o y macims
epa-.. salaton of metals we-re entirel
m:d I. nvyself f-'n earve-d wt~Od, with
th Lel of a string, wire arid bread
eumbs. I am now dte'.sSg a very con
pliated electric apparatus."
.J o :: he:- az:s..co::i ( he~cc.
i r-o - -ems merre than probaibe tha
'~to Hawle iy b~a a dlonWh porI)o.,
in td~g >yal : Leiin re.ui~on
adr ban-q.et. H" w -. of e -s de
ed o met ~ii EMod ct nr .es
t.v-C~ peotle ai chan-ce to b' oom
or eago i::tkn. Thudy
Lion n, whercei he n' met.,vea of
the : 'st X minent -euln in0h
sa:--.. 'It E i re:".tehtt wiu
.....-...:: an Ht* aw ie'. rndmiu what
I t .0yu :' ha t goaing to bce.
If- ane nisc'ance her-uiu cannot
maal t, ee he ill wanit iawley for
ir..t plc .:nrd -some- live W estern 'a
lik'e Major- McKinley, of Canton, orR
bertson, of Indiaina, for Vie-President"
WOMEN AT THI POLLS.
Uov tit Vair One of WashIn;on Terri
tory Cust Their iiallot,.
W.I.A-W.\LLA, May 24.-Although a
tenderfoot and acquainted with few in
our vicinity, I was appointed a jadge of
election in Mica precinct. A struggle
was in prrgress betwist rival towns -or
the county seat, and runners had been
through the precincts urging everybody
to bring out the votes of the ladies. in
this chivalrous region our women have
equal prerogatives with men, although
they view the ballot with an indifferencei
agonizing to all advocates of suffrage.
I went early to the polls, a small, log
school house in the hills, shadowed by
lofy ins. A rough wagon road ran
bythe .ehool house, wherein deer tracks
w qre quite as comn as hoof-prints of
The ladies were not early at the polls.
A little before noon came a ft niily
party, a man wife and three children.
Soon after, from every direction, as if
by preconcerted arrangement, wagons
dlrove up containing similar housel olds.
Not only were all the little ones brought
atlong, but enormaous jugs of milk and
baskets of lunch. The bachelors scat
tered timidly and the ladies swarmed in
apon us, moved the benches around the
tire, blockaded the doorway, and took
ntire possession of the premises. They
were farmers' wives, buxom, sensib
nd energetic. A more domestic sceneI
ne seldom sees. Here a moti. 'r musin
ber baby, there a fond father a -ling his
nfant daughter, yonder a knot of women i
xchanging recipes for mixed ickles,
mnd again an eager group setting out
aunch and passing pie and sliced pork
:o their friends.
I could not at tirst understand this in
rasion, until I learned that the school s
iouse was the one public resort for
;oeil purposes. Dances, parties, sing
ng schools, preaching and political
neetings all were held here. A gather
ng at the school house was the signal
or a general assemblage oi friends, an1d
he women had evidently given more
hughat to this fact than to the original t
notive of the occasion.
Still they came. By noon the build
ng was fairly packed, and the picnie1
Lppearunce increased with every arrival.
"f you iron ginghams and calicoes on
he wrong side they look"
"His very best cow. The snow was
leep, and all the poor thing got to eat:
":They ay Lr vituals taste of pine
u half the time. Drops from the
"I pulled the poor child's tooth my
"Who shall you vote fur, Sac:"
"Me? I don't know. Jack ain't here
.Ima give- meq Som',- 0e, too.
"Oh, Eliza, at the poll after ali"
"Yes. Didn't want to come a bit. i i
s Republican and I told him I'd vote
Jemecratie sure if he made me come.
u$t he said no matter, so longaswe botL
-ote for Spokane Falls."
"Pooh! I guess we're every bit as sharpc
.s the men folks."
"Don't vote for Spicer. They say he
reats his wife perfectly awful." -
1. tell you, times has changed'" com- t
aented -4 man in blouse and overalls;t
caning against a pine. "When I was .a
oy, to ihome in fndianny, I recolleet
1earin' maw and paw taik this votin'
)usiness over. 'I tell ye,' says the old
nan to her, 'I wouldn't have ye go to
he polls nolIow. You'd have to walk i
ip to the box through a crowd of loaf- t
:rs, all smokin' pipes and starin' at ye, c
.nd you'd sink through the floor.' He t
>rto be here now."
lBut at last, after lunch was eate.n andi I
>ut away, and the babies had had their <
ips and the ladies had exhausted all the
~osip, a general movement was mad~e <
oward departure. It .a a long wayi<
lome, and the cows to milk, and water
o draw, and supper to get, and the
>reakfast dishes to wash at the heels of It
After such a festival one might sup- 't
>ose the ladies would vote cheerily, but '
his was not the case. It had been post-1<
>oned as long as possible and now that
t must actually be done they went at it
Here was a husband handing rival
ickets to his wife and say ing for
he public tar, "You can vote whichever;!
ocu like," at the same time gripping his
wn ballot with a resolute air and a jaw
f such outline as made one hope his 1
pouse wo'uld vote as he did, in the in
~erests of domestic peace. There a dame H
vas imperatively thrusting on her hus
and the prohibition ticket.
These prohibition ladies were earnest
mad intelligent. They advanced iirmly
o the pulls and gave in their ballots
~ich an air of satisfaction. Beyond these
ew who had a definite personal ir g ose
he voting was perfunctory and done
with manifest dislike. The ladies each
aanded their ballot to the inspector hesi
atingly', watched curiously as he put it
ni the box and turned away with a toss
"Ther"! A s the fir'st time 1 ever
oted1, ::nd i'd: bs: the lat 2
sv t so we ca stay homne niext time." '1
~ ouieg men nmnst ie gro)wiag weak
Sinded~ when you diag an old lady like
' ('ut to v"te I'm i0 vears old. Old
nough to know better!"
tAn i th contemn'tuous air the dames
retired to the wagons. Alas! The per
lve of 'ature Wile manyv of their
ist'r i' the eat sigh for sufinrge thoseI
who have it hold it in didain
Now came young Tyndatll andmhs wif
:m hors ek, and thtere wais quite a 'stir
imjong~ the ladie who stiU in~ the wagons
LP the "baC chiC around th rees
Tyd had ~ iircha'd the' Oldat aind
Lrgeot rauch' 1ia th precnet an ha .
bruh ride from Si F' ancisco
evrt mouts beore Fe had see
Oer, for shie was very retired and aristo
\ ou'n' wo~ili. with peu'*eby~t gh'ii I
fae , a welt of oionde hair andt round,!
hiht blu' yes, attired in an eege
r::i ,mg abi' o dar gree velv~et, wtha
log' plume on he~r daintv cip.
-0h .tuoh very young." : i the in
spec(tor a- thoecouplei drew near. "D1o
'N, dnt." replied one I 'the
"I hen she ought nut ic bie alow\ed."
''You'll have to ask her age,' said
another of the judges.
Thec burly inspector looked concerned
and nervous. More nervous yet as the
to find herself the oniy woman present. r
Tlyndall, whose dress and bearing c
showed early culture, nodded to the I]
Officials, tookhis wife's arm and escorted fa
her forw::rd. He picked out his tickets r
from the table, folded one and handed to h
her, folded thie other and held it between r
his tngrs Mrs. Tyndall presented c
h-rself beore the ballot box and raised v
her ic.t , uncertain what came next. V
Hcr innocent lne eyes rested on the in- p
spector via a pretty look of wonder and
T*he'inpector dropped her ballot into fi
the box. 'o doubt a barb rankles in n
his consciecee to this day. o:
Mrs. Tidall stood looking on an in- W
stanit, with-out moving Si
"Is that all?" she cried at last. aston- i
"That's all. You've voted, Stella," c<
-aid her husband, offering his vote in 0i
urn, and t*.' I ide laughed merrily. She ai
:ook her humud's arm and peeped all
thout her with great auusement, and
vent off in high spirits. It had been a
err funny episode for her. H
cUan:ENT FAD1I TOPICS. ta
Iloeing Coru. I
nR. J. n 1 in:: in .ihrn Cul ivator '
Corn, properly planted on well la.
ared land, should rarely need the la
ioe in the early staiges if the D
lowing be skillfully done. While our
)ersonal experience does not approve the st
eneral practice of planting in the water sa
arrow ias ndvocated by Dr. Jones), we n(
iuve found it very helpful in the way of it,
ubsequent cultivation to plant in very dc
vide deep furrows and covering Very pr
hallow, so that the plants will be below th
he general surface. The first plowing th
hould be done with an implement that tL
hrows but little dirt to the corn, yet ju
nough to cover well the step between be
lie hills or plants. The thinning (if ca
weded) should be done ahead of the in
>lowing, and the latter should be done Di
>nIlv comeientiously (?) careful labor
s. ThO plowman should be required m!
o stop and uncover plants, or cover or so
ll out woe-s or grass with foot or it
and as hE goes. He should be im- re:
ressed with the idea that the work of vo
leaning the young plants must be done
y the work of his plow, or his hands I th
ed feet-no hoe to follow. It is not a d
ad idea to furnish each plowman with a htL
mall short-handled, one-hand hoe, to be of
arried with his plow and used as occa TI
ion may require. It will be found that be
e will be nmch more careful to do good th
ork with his pl. w if he is given to un- in
erstand that careless work will not be OV
ndured and left for the hoes to rcmey. ca
Of course it will often occur that the
Ind is milicientlV smooth to admit of pc
tough work b)y the plow, except i
round trees and sunups; but it will not y(
ay to go over a tild, row by row, it i
rder to clean around such obstacles.
;tter makc n job of it, early in the ciil- C
vation, : oing from one to another with ii
ut regard to the intervening rows. o
It somietinmes pays well to go over the ce
orn crop - ith the hoes about laying-by St
me, each hand taking two or more rowsa
t a time, and destroy scattering buiches m
f gras-s and cleaning around stumps and th
i-es. This will depend upon whether I1
e hands can be spared from the more be
xacting cotton crop.
(Hy the r-nme Writer m
The characteriatie work on a cotton of
rm during the month of May is cot
n-chopping. Among the many ma- o
hines that have been invented to d tr
is work none has yet been very favor
bly received or generally adopted by
rmers. The operation is one-like
ottn-picking-that seems to demand|
ni ever-changing motion ar d the exer-|
ise of an ever-acting judgment whiche to
annot be materialized into a machine.
ich a machine, however, is probably
rithin the possibilities of human inven- fr
ion. The cotton harvester is an undis- a
>uted necessity; but it is not so clear w
hat a machine for chopping, or merely
-blocking out" cotton-reducing the i
ontinuous row of plants to bunches-is
xactly what is needed. Why sow the 0
eed so as to secure a continuous row ot t
lants, and then at th6 first operation y
>rceed to destroy the continuity? On
>oor, unfertilized land, which requires es
ht the phants should stand very close 0
a order to make a maximum crop, suech'e
Scointinuous row is perhaps necessary;i~
ut it seems an unnecessary waste of
eed and labor on land which will bear
he stalks 1$ inches to two or three feet
part. Why not plant the seed on such
iud in hills or steps-already chopped? ce
Ehe writer planted his entire crop two
uccessiVv yars in hills 3x:2 feet with
he most satisfactory results. But it is
vo late now to diacuss the policy of hill
r step-planting. The crop is nearly nllI
-anted and much of it will soon be th
eady 101 the irst operation.- P.
lifthe soil has been imp~acted from the B~
ffct of one or more rains after plant- C<
ug it is ot'th e .Irst imupor-tance to break at
he crust and let in the light and air. Ito
the condition of the land in this respect, pr
.nd the necessities of the corn c.10p, will in
etrine wether it wil! be better to n.a
-egon is;a good, mello contion,1 wt
nacaat j~ LCi'ly re' froma grass, 1we tra
w1 often' fo' 'd it bet to put the mn
we to ' ork 'a advnce of plowing and M
s soon as he Ielecaf of the plant is at
ally eeeoped. If this plan is adopted to
he work of chojpig oat shouldl and al
nbe very rvpidtly dom-., the aimn be- mn
ig to get over the crop in a wek or ten pi
law kas. It does. not pay to con-j C
:ua the tim that wouild be, regared to P.
h- ou to a gien number of p1:.ts, or W
i a. ic I s a be-n wel -1nd' thi
ii : anit -rm ob '-tractions, such a.-J \
- .; A stone", a -au should go in a a
i ci of a waik, rarely g-V~ivin ore
5aa a stro for tach bnche~ of plat 7
v,. in tisay two aesei per hand per
L. ad ve 1mL. ILLmember.JC tat)0
b pla~ ong 'Or "bocin ou"a
.h:0'f h pion riireCs and' assueice' t'
nat the c'ottOL '.ou~l be iowed'( with.in i
i.e daWs. Gnra lly the c tton erop IPt
esto he 'gone orr wih plowis or tb
o as ma idly as it was planted. It l
etire-: t' curs that the whole erop
:ij u 'gethetr. iLo~ever p~lanited. At
-r: j ure it L-.,more 'iportant to Ir
:4et ver qutickly than Lo do the work
'wr ipeetiy. The aima should j:
e to make every stroke of the hoe do its iii
.tmost, rarely striking "twice in the .:
-mn plae, thus etting over the crop ci
apidly and quickly-on the same pr:
iple that would govern a reseung part
2 relieving the hunger and thirst of
imishing ship's crew or a starving ga
[son. The plows should follow th:
ocing as quickly as possible and go i
idly. 'The scond hoeing shoui
)mmene in a few days after the int i
ening plowing, and should be dfi'
ith more care, the plalnts now e
ut to a final stanld. WhiCh .1n b do'
ith comparative safety. It this eo i'
ad the( consequent plloun 111 b i
illy done there will be little, i. any
tore need of the hoes. More d.1.
a the age and physical stc17th
ho holds the plow than is gem ra!i
ipposed. As a rule boy's and girl a
)t strong enough or careial enouit t
2ide the plow properly in cultivatin
)tton in the earlier stages; it shobli
3ly be intrusted to older and : tronge
id steadier latud:
THE 'IGT IN 'EIGNi '--i!Giil '.
ow the Chances for Democratic \ iL:
Look to One Observer.
The New York World thiuks that thi
lk of Democrats from the South ant
.e West who have recently visitet
'ashington does not bear out ex-Secre
ry Manning's theory that those impor
.t section would force Mr. Cleve
nd's renomination upon the New Yorl
emocracv whether the latter shouk
ze it or not. Many of Mr. Cleveland'
rongest friends from those sections ar<
id to have stated frankly that his re
mination would depend upon his abil
to get the support of his own Stat<
legation. They are said to have ex
essed their satisfaction, in advance, witb
at candidate who should prove to be
e choice of New York. They say tha1
e battle-ground is to be New York,
it as it was in 1884, and that it wouh
extremely foolish to nominate auy
adidate who should not have the back
g of the majority of the New York
Mr. Cleveland is believed to have beer
iking a high bid for Massachusetts anC
veral of the New England Statcs, hui
is not thought that he expects to be
aominated or re-elected without the
te of his own State.
"Mr. Cleveland," said a New Yorkei
a other day, "may get the New TorI
legates in the National Conveition,
.t unless he has a maj;rity (two-thirds
them at his back his boom will fail,
ie whole foundation of the Clevelari'
om in the South and West is due it
e claim made by the President's frierd:
the East of his great popularity in his
n State; that he is the on!y man who
u carry New York, c. The ruomes1
r. Cleveland fails to demonstrate h.'
puelarity at home, his Western ad
rers will drop him immediately. Ncw
rk will decide the candidate for tht
mocracy and the election."
There are said to be several weal
ints in Cleveland's hold upon the
estern and the Southern Democracy.
dio men declare that it is by no meam
tain that the delegaticn from thai
Ite will throw up their hats for Clevv.
id. Men of the Thurman type au&
!mbers of the old-time Democracy say
At they have been overlooked by the
-esident uutil they are in no mood tc
come his enthusiastic followers. hi
ichigan there are four Democrats, ex.
>ngressmen, who charge their retire
!nt to the Administration-Maybury
Detroit, Carleton of Port Huron,
>mstock of Grand Rapids, and Eldridg<
Adrian. It is said that there will bc
yuble in delivering the delegation over
Indiana is said to be in open revolt.
>orhees and 3IcDonald arc known tc
unfriendly to MIr. Cleve:and's renomi
tion, and the old friends of the latt
ce-President Hendricks are declared
be in sympathy with them. Senato2
C rhees's son, a delegate to Congresi
>m Wyoming Territory, recently miadt
violent attack upon MIr. Cleveland,
dch was published, it is said, with the
nator's knowledge and with his entirt
proval. In Virginia and Louisiana, il
said, many leading Democrats are
enly opposed to MIr. Cleveland. The
dorsement of the Administration by
e State Democratic Convention ol
antucky is not considered to have be:
pecially strong either in its language
"It is highly improbable," said a West
aoffiicial recently, "that the Democracy
the country will attempt to force any
ndidate down the throats of the Nev,
>rk Democrats against their will. ]
not believe MIr. Cleveland would ae
pt a renomination coming in that way,
it would mean almost certain defeat.'
Cleveland and Lee.
It is probable that instead of spending
e month of June at Red Top, the
esident and 3Mrs. Cleveland, will go te
tquer White Sulphur Springs, Va.
lonel MIad~dux, the leading' hotel inaL
this place, has extended an invitat ior
them and has prepared a cottage ex
essly for them. He is now in Wash
gton, and arrangements have beeL
dec for the President and MIrs. Cleve.
ad to go to the springs about the 11r.si
sek in June for a day, as a sort of tria.
.p. If everything is satistactery the
vitation wiil be accepted. Colonel
addux was in Baltimore a few d~ay:
-o gettin" up a party of Baltimoereani
acompaey the President and his win
d to make other necessary arrange.
nts. Among those who will accont
.ny them are General Shecridan and
>lonel Kellogg, of his staf; Sena.tor A.
Goretan and a numbecr of Dailti.
reans and Genendl Fiuingh L0e.
2e'y will leave here in the prievat ear w
e president of the Virginia 'idlja.
tiroid. Colonel 31adde~ux has been ic
ashingtn severnd lays and has rcour'
ande the wae to the PesideLt
ng the :Inest in the worel for over
ked braIins, whdeh wil1, a') dubt,
educ~e him to give it a trial. It is 1)'ed,
o, that the little trip may not be. with'
.t certat u political sigaiic Lene. Ti
et that Governor Lee is to be in tih
aty s regarded here' as another etvi
:ace that \Vir'inians are determined, i
ele o t e him on to the tail o.
ne nxt lai "dential kite with Ciev.e
ud.~ Baore Amaerican.
e.amtl n *nous eiiy loS of? enny'
tJ its shold send 10 cenlts in sltap '.
ustratd hook offering siure meaus ofI cure
ddress Worled's Dispensary MIedical Asso
-.,T. zV L.A7.i FE i:S A LL TilE
secc:!--- S tLaar at his place
t the &ytmaX-t the other day, his
table welil cvered with papers. transact
- h LetiLIe la;ie5ss is methodi::dly'
thon: c hehad been an executive
:. i . lu:. but ai iemeu. to ?' a
relici to I' ia to turn from them for a
little while, walk with me into his pri
vate room athl talk on other subjects.
Our conversation was about journalism,
its wonderful growth, its change of
character and its future, and upon other
topics, but I shall not now repeat what
Le had to say, except on one suuject
the in'lustrial condition of the South
and that I do with his consent.
"ft apparent prosperity of tile
South," ;sad Secretary Lamar, "is to be
found in the cities, and not :dl of thm
share it. Atianta, Chattanooga, Nash
vile, .:ii, Birmingham and other
cities that are the centres of mineral de
velopment already made or anticip-atedi
are growing rapidly in population and
apparently in wealth. Towns, also, that
are situatd upoii the new railroads that
-have been built during the past ftw
years are larger and more thriving than
they were, bat their growti has been
largelv at te cxpiense of less fortunate
townsthakt have either stood still or have
actually deteriorated. This cireum
stance, I think, is likely to give an
eon'ou-s irjptawion to the strange'
paSie tLhrog te SoIuth iUl the rail
vova<u xa LIe ;aiov0
V.I%*!. Ile 'SeeS Uh on ttemu
staions apparently tiieg, the centr
of new cowmmnrcial enterprises, and 1:e
Snatan~'dly concund t it the South is
m...akig very repi .rogress; but lIw
do snow tiat tae maa who has
o a('ti LLew store at 4'eof these places,
twn disant ifrom the raila Nilere h
elosd m>hisformr1usi..ess, ot the
agl -i :. in eLrt, to A1ke a hiin
piand:g catku. sul .: . u an
come. Io tow 4' *ng to .4 U.tr, r
prsn 'ra:rt c ite abc
tre h : i :s ") Ie
i res ie .... .........w k' lte1
1 l3 :ie - L.. ~ _
at ti pr Oty t- or in
I S, L)a ge e.i tt, specu
lative-b.<i . m.. atre, a. Ier
upon ai*i..ted .-mus rather
t u' o tii a
tal L. bet aInveted th a:r that
n.Luchl ofI it 1a gone from the North and
C'n \ . -~, . a~
there-t, and I o' ~at:> beundk io
as ooft:::g the futur. proprty of the
region.1 ouiy ay t::.t thereurl, av
not yetb: reaized. I ought to ay that
I have very little pr al knowledge of
afiirs i tioe sections o. the South o
which I Lave. eent : lg The
' booin' has come aci hav beenL there
to r-main long at a tiMe, MVd m piu
ions are formed frora w t 1 lave cead
in the newspapers aud heard from per
sons who have b-en there. I thnk you:
wil AIld to', that such ci ies as Charles
ton, Savannah, looile and New Urleans
'Let us see, iaid he, taking. do.,u aco
pendiumi of the last censusm, "how much
these cities increae 'in~ ' po.aO).tioni be
tweeni 1870 andl IS0. Chalest~ouine
inl pop'l~ation in the t d cade I108 or
at the rate of about 1) )- per cec. ,a
vannah gained 1,-1, or about 5. per
cent.; Mobile actually lot 1 , r02 in pop
ulation, and New Orleans gained 2?,I72,
or about 1:. ip-r cent. If you' rememb'er
that the average increase of popl~ation
throughout the whole countiry duriing
the sameli tenl years aiveraged:-J10 er cnt.,
you will see that there is nothiing en
luaing in these 1igures.
"Ilow do you accouat for the appar
ent staation in what were fortaerly the
grTeat co~nierci:d centres of the South?'
"By~ te depres:;,ii of the planting in
terest, of whiich I have already .spoken,"
was the. reply. --hey are dependent
upon the agriculture 01 the country for
"Ha;ven't the crops been good?'
everr mii' I a . :-ptions.
must at- r1I.e.it uepp~a
t~e . se. im ne' ed nDcy tiU
ngrictr is ae Iar
and ais ' tt. :: ",.r .,, i
ott. i 2:...a 1 ~ ao i : reI reit\e Udilr. ',ut
th e tr. i eeis t hit o la .; e--; f 1s
year -r.......awr1.y-ii 0 4.r ,itt.
1reat4..ha t ~ fM.!ad
tha t .- - er u .,04wc-.j" s
circu~tanes. ad yo w iesot thik i
S , . I be.n *4t4in evra
con ) tIraX-i- In re. Lsr
I r '.. ..! fnr im.. i-. at tner air -
jritimiwL I <:e : ofaddn; butgi rdn t
ky nd thl rc h-V
iandrte" ic of cotton ha be goodj
"nease is probably the wearing
out of our lands. You know that all
agricultural lands produce less and less
except they are constantly renewed by
fertilizers, and our people are too poor
to buy those. The increased aggregate
crop is due to increased acreage, but we
have not been able to increase the former
in the same proportion that we have in
creased the latter and the amount of
labor expended. We work over more
ground and more hands are employed,
but it costs more to make a bale of cot
ton now than it formerly did.
"Another reason, I thir k, why we do
not raise as much cotton to an acre as
we formerly did is that we don't get
what we call as good a 'stand' as we
used to. The importance of this is not
hkely to be appreciated by one who has
never lived where cotton is raised. If
there are many long, vacant spaces in
the rows of cotton plants, they may
grow very thrifty, and the field, as one
looks over it, may appear to bear a great
crop, and yet, when the cotton comes to
be pick it will turn out light. Now, in
order to secure a good 'stand,' that is, to
have the ground all occupied, the closest
care and attention are necessary at a cer
tain critical period. In former times,
when the planter had complete control
of the labor, he could enforce this care
and attention as he cannot do now. The
cotton lands of the South are now mostly
rented to the negroes, and if the owner
retains an interest in the crop he has no
voice in the manner in which it shall be
worked. If he should interfere the ne
groes would resent it. There is a great
deal of careless farming in the South."
The Cotton Movement.
The New York Financial Chronicle, in
its weekly cotton review, says that for
the week ending Friday evening, the 20th
inst., the total receipts have reached 10,
626 bales, against 12,666 bales last week,
1:3,077 bales the previous week, and 15,
141 bales three weeks since; making the
total receipts since the 1st of September,
1880. 5,158,523 bales, against 5,142,549
bales for the same period of 1885-6,
showing an increase since September 1,
1886, of 15,974 bales.
The exports for the week ending the
same time reach a total of 21,227 bales,
of which 13,035 were to Great Britain, -
to France, and 8,192 to the rest of the
The total visible supply of cotton, as
made up by cable and telegraph, for the
week was as follows: Total of Great
Britain stock 991,M00, total of continental
stocks ls,500-making a total of Ea
ropean stocks of 1,403,500. The total
visible supply for the world is 2,266,779.
bales; ol this number 1,525,279 are
American and 741,500 East Indian, etc.
The imports into continental ports
for the same period have been 90,000'-'
There was a decrease in the cotton
in sight, Friday night, of 5,699 bales
as compared with the same date of
1686, an increase of 30,389 bales as com
pared with the correspond:ng date of
The receipts at interior towns for the
week have been 6,6S6 bales. Old inte
nor stocks decreased 7,581 bales, and
were 110,397 less than at the same period
Tne actual movement from the planta
ions, not including the overland receipts
or Southern consumption, but simply
the receipts that reach the market
ihrough the outports, since September
1, 1665, were 5,1i5,331 bales, in 1885 6
were 5,301,195 bales, and in 1884-5 were
i,741,467 bales. Although the receipts
Lt the outports the past week were 10,626
ales, the actual movement from planta
ions was only 2,984 bales, the balance
being taken from the stocks at the inte
rior towns. Last year the receipts from
tue plantations for the same week were
3,57 bales, and for 1885 they were
Fatally Stung by n Centipede.
Cooke county comes to the front with
the horrible death of a young man
uamied Charles Allison. Several years
ago his brother Wihiiam went to Texas
to engage in the cattle-raising business.
ie came back last week on a visit. Last
;unday morning the two brothers were
preparmg to go to church, when Charles
out on a coat wnich his brother had
brought from T1'exas with him. In a few
ainutes he experienced a burning sensa
.:on on the arma. He took off the coat
and tore open the sleeve, when a deadly
cantipede trom the plains of Texas was
een crawling slowly up his arm, stinging
ats it went. 31edical assistance was has
iy summoned, but when the doctors
rarved his arm had swollen to twice its
natural size and in a few hours burst
along the p)oisoned track of the insect.
The young man died in most horrible
agony about nightfall and was buried the
nxt day.-N ashville American.
Twntyt Year in a Canzal-Ioat Cabin.
hSee that woman," said a man, point
i~to a canal-boat tuoving along the
it. A. head hidden in a checked calico
a nbonnet protruded from the cabin
sthwy j.i1a woman, sir, hasn't
. aenot of that cabin in twenty years.
I ct o stout she can't get nothmn' but
i~rhead ot. Last tune she come up
..deel wa: when Grant was in..ugurat
as.n cap tain and the mate and the
t i,- nu-drners helped. Had an awful
?Ae. then they got her back again
.d elasucbeen out since. Last fall
*due ni.uu man came down here
Iod'ered. her big pay to exhibit her
but when he learned that he'd have
:e thec canl-boat and all he refused
i a a contract."-Alba.ny Exp:'ess.
-; r.lo)Ugn of":.:pndencey.
lhC0 e die:e peculiar to you,
'NIIh havO.e r. L:,cd you of
-heh and made life a bur
aja eaily get out of. Dr.
-- iC ite Pr erpuer will tree
aach tjes, and so recall
to your ctce and
u i o or ,ex. It cures
he etomoogithe "l.
unur whieu I whisule they will
on u my hantd." "Pshaw'.
Thicecme and alight on my head without
my whistling." The entomologist sat