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V I\N A O
VOL.ilL ANN V~. 'I~tENL~NT ('WNT S.C. AlEDNESI)NY, A UGU STri"L-~.NO 4
CITY 1: o; SIi It VAN L'\ILN;
The Veatiwr at '-rt 1 a - ,,t
the' Skies. stighutenz at Last--Thxe Ia.u'gat
ral Ceremoni4s--A 'arti:a List of the- E x
ii t--o.the L it-r - of Interet
The Inter-State Farmers' Su E
campacnt w-.s duly inauguraie . at
Sparkmlbu'.rg on Tuesday. the :nd in->t.
The bad weather nturally dimi!hLA
the crow-d at tirt la attendance. Lit
when the Lour for eL.&nag riv-:a A-r
was a goodIy crowd inl the paviis p
vided for their accummodation.
At 12 o'clock thc lion. Jon W.
Wofford called the meeting to e2der.
The stage was occupied by the folh Iv ing
named gentlemen: N. F. Walker, of
Spartanburg, the lev. 11 H. llAe, the
Hon. J. W. Wofloid, Dr. C. E. Fler
Col. A. P. Butler, the HIon.11. S. k on,
of Colleton, T. J.. Moore, of Sp-tan
burg, the Hon. D. 11. Duncan, of par
tanburg, Mr. E. L. IPee, lrof. 1). A.
UuPre, J. H. Montgomnery, B. F. Yont
gonery, one aged farmer irom as,
and ottier distinguished citizens.
Owing to some error Bishop Durcan,
who had been selected to deliver the
opening prayer, did not arrive util
atter the opening of the procee gs.
The prayer was, therefore, offer<. tu by
the Rev' 11. H. Reid, of lleidville
It is estinated that the audiene num
bered not less than two thousand per
sons, among whom were a very .rge
contingent of ladieis, chiefly from '-pa r
Upon motion oi Mr. John W. WoZ.,rd,
who stated that there was no hkelihood
of the presence of the commis'ernes
from the four other States, Capt. N. IT.
Walker was called to the chair.
In assuming the chair Capt. W.&ker
delivered a short and tilrig aderess, in
which he pledge.d himself to furthul i in
every possble way the objects of the
Ecampment. He also introduced the
Hon. 1). Rz. Duncan. who had been
cho-eu to deliver the address of welcn me.
Mr. Duncan addressed the meeting as
THE UNACGTAL ADDRESS.
Mr. Chairman and Gentleracn: 11-ave
the honor, in the name of ail citize of
Spartanburg county, to bid you a varm
welcome to this Elneampniert.
We sincEr~ly hope that the' delilra
tions and discussions which will e':Pv
the days of your sojourn here ma be
marked by great good to all who 'r
ticipate and to all who witns your
labors. May your gatherLig be ac-om
panied in its intluence and practical. re
sults with the largest amount ot int di
gent information and exposition in the
arts and work of that great sciece ich
you represnt. Upon this all gro .th
and prosperity rest.
Alway, the hrgest contributor to the
happiness of the peoph- at home, sn
culture has made this, the greatet ut re
publics, renowned abroad for its eo ntri
butions to the sustenance and con; fort
of the millions of other lands. 1 thL
pursuit of knowledge, the labors of the
workshov, the whirl of the faedorv
wheels, the busy industries and comuier
cial interests by land and sea, lag and
languish, it is only because the vallcvs
are not covered over with corn, because
there is no fatness' in the pastures, be
cause the cattle do not rejoice upon the
hills and the earth fails to yield her in
We are the more rejoiced on this occa
sion because of the evidence we have of
the awakening and awakened intereat in
your avocation, which now seemis to be
takig in impqortamnce precedence of all
-other questions. How shall the lsgest
intelligence and the most reliable ex
perimental knowledge be invoked and
enforced in behalf of tending this gar
den of earth, which was delivered to the
first farmer of creation with the cumi
mand to keep and dress it-a prop~osi
tion not new, indeed older than all oth
ers, and yet, strange to say, it has now
less of intelligence, pressing and p-ash
than any of those things which command
the time and talents of men.
While it is true that the agriculture of
this extensive country is conducted on a
scale unknown in ancient or in modern
times, yet in these important depart
ments of knowledge we are singularly
deticient. No other field holds out a
more inviting prospect to the diigent
and the enterprising, a lile-wark wich
may till the noblest ambition. The. re is
no closed door to the followers ofti
art. As iilustrated from the days of
George Washington down to the success
of the poor farmer's boy of the, Edley
of Virginia with his reaper, eneowumrng
se minares, orphans' homes and umve r
sity professors1hips, there is no temporal
interest of humanity which excees mn
importance that at your pursuit, and all
others it h-as oiutlived. "It survives
Turk and Time and Gioth." Upon it the
merchant and mechanic, the bench i-na
bar and the forum and camp depend.
Indeed, as has been said: "The necessi
ty of this art is evident, since this can
live without all othetrs, and no one othiel
without this. The principles of it be
ing the principles of all nature, earth,
water, air and the sun and the sea, a
comprehends of. philosophy more, than
any one profession, art or sciee in t
Let me call your attentic n to what an
:ale essa'vist i; rote two hundred yeara
go. He said: "Who is there among
.'ur gentry that doea nut entertain a
lancing-niaster for mus children as soon
as they are able to wsalk, but did ever
any ?ather provide a tutc r for his son
to instruct him betimes in the nature
and imp)roveitnent of that hind he intend
ed to lcave him?'" That is a superfluity
and thus a great defect in our manner of
education, and therefoie I could wish
(but cannot in thiese times much hope to
see it.) that one college in each univers
ty were erected and appropriated to thi'
study, as well as they are to medieihe
and the civil law. There would be ra
fellows wit cet'u- o-nt.J
would -utlice, it :dter the- mam"'r-'
stallsian'O rd tie e? nl f
professors coinsti ::ted to each t~a
four p-irts: Fir. M ' ;on and all t au
relating to it. SecLd. Pastuge.
br V, t1w the 1 0
the ieid nd ut - 1 i"n ai
uses 1. :11mti: hs:is i:nu
tr Jkn. Tem n tto ro
struet r p ilthe o e ehod
and couirso f u tand the2 cln
mo Lrt iL ui : O i C di ,1-d iCY
To these thoughts 'Awo ue 'anZ:, Id
-irt ar Old, lit0e o 1 va. has )een
addlfoin the proz thLse who iave
essa'd to virit a:;d speak melh upon)01
ti el *irper::ant wat t. The wender
S th so m I b .1en concieve3. so
i4tte Las bcu chi
The irs agrculandsociety incor
utratd't in AL rica w that estaOblaeId
.n Stout., Carol ia in u;, called "The
Society for the Preinuotion of Ag! Jicul
ture," 'tat.g 1hat its objects hiluded
tI institioli of a Iarm for expcriments
inagriculture an d the importation and
ItbUiun of fureign productions uiIit
cd to the climate of the State.
He who was first in the hearts of his
countrymen, in akn'st his last utteranecs
to tua'm, with prophetic earnestness
ur::ed npon the founders and representa
tives oiithe young republic this great
matter of agricultural education a one
of the foremost temands of the times.
The national interest ai niportance of
his language is in propcirtion. As the
nation auvances in population and other
circumstauces of maturity. this truth be
comes more apparent and renders the
cultivation oi the soil more and more an
object of puolic patronage. Institutions
for promoting it gro -, up supported by
the pablic purse, and to wLat object can
it be dedicated with) greater proput-ty?
This species f estabiihment contritl'es
doubirv to the increse of 0iprovcmuent
by shi-ulating etr rai sd ex-Ie-ri
.m nt, ^an y ravrng t ai c)md O
centre the results everywhere iOf :indi
vida d skil anI oservation and spr ad
ing tiem thence over the -,--hole na.
Experlience hauth shown that they: are
-.ery c-cap utrumets of immnen-i na
tional b ueilt IV.v ' few yta 'ferars
the funder ard gr.at apostle of the
)emoeracv, .in hs distinguishe- ioau
'ur * s.eaking of "ood governtent,
Dla'cd in the c rcle of Our ftliejemes the
encouragement.' of agicl(ture and comn
merc.' asis handlid a rli scipA~lnd
lita ' oir best r:1ance in peace antd
for tie firstmoments of war, aud we
welcoae them to-day; as one of the
Je!*r oni platform planks in recogni
tion of the fact that the tillers of the
soil are reaav, as its defenders, when
ne-leed to bcome the heroes of the hild
and e .
I will not trespass fuith.r upon your
time, upon more intcting exerciseS.
Alow .me to recat the cordial saluta
tions of the comitte and people whona
1 represeri. )e s;nG to do all in their
power to till the dys of your sojourn in
our midst with thie fullest enjoynt
and proeit, we feel ure that in the
preparation of the second Eucampn:ent
experience will elininoate very much of
what we are conscious are the impece
tions and shortcoming!s of CLs. the irst.
AIN ESSAY ON EES.
The only other address delivered dur
ing the day was that of Mr. T. .T. Moore,
of Spartanburg. "B~ee culture" was the
ubjet of his essay. Mr. Moore treated
his subject from a practical standpoirt
and in an eminently enterhaining ,ma,
ner. ie iistrated his methods rf
cultulre by his own patent hives and
combs, which are of easy construction,
and can be made at a very slight ex
Mr. Moore's address closed the speak
ing of the day, upon which the meeting
VIEw 1NG TUE .TTnAeTIoNs.
After the speaking the crowd amused
and eutertained themselves by visitieg
the stores of the merchants on the
grounds, the State exhiibit and the art
gallery on~ the second floor of tihe
pavilion. The State exhibit was comn
uict :n all its detaiiN containing speci
teenS of everyting prcducedi or raised
in the State. It wtas tilled with viisitors.
The ar gaiikry contains exhibits of
painting and crayon work, sculpture,
fancy needle and quilting. The greatex
part of the work in painting is by Miss
Alice D~uncan anti Mrs. Gwynn, of Spar
tanburg. There is also a fine display of
pasteiles by Miss Mildred Scaife, ci
Union. Amon~g the contributors are
Miss Carrie Duncan, Miss Elie Lee, and
Miss Mildred Thorupon. There is also
some creditable work in setilpture by
Mr. O. A. Walden, of this county.
Tho art gallery also contains exhibits
of organs anid pianos by Mr. Twitty,
[he west~ end is :i'icd with machinery
exibits ;romn WVisi: & Ryvkar, of "Abbe
yille; C. P. Poppeniic-m, (f Charleston,
and .D. W. Moore, of this city. Amnong
the raost cnergetic exhibiitors on th<
groruds is Mr. Georjge McMaster, of
Molaster & Gibbes, of Columbia, whc
have a large da-play of agricultural ma.
cinery, such as Van Winkle gins, Bar
hoiur cotton seed crushers, Deering
mowers, hay rakes, kVe.
THE .MILITARY coNTINLIENT.
Owing to the delay of the train on th<
Spartanburg, Union and Columbia ani
the Air Line, only the following compa
nies arrived the first day: The Sumateu
Guards, 27 men, Capt. Simeon Hyde
the Manning Guards, 27 men, Capt. A
Levy; the Fort Motte Guards,. 23 men
Capt. RI. M. Clafy; the Edisto Rifles, o:
Orangeburg, 26 men, Capt. 0. M. D)antz
ler, and the Newberry Rifies, 15 men
Capt. 0. L. Schumpert. The Morgai
Rifles, of Spartanburg, Capt. E. Bacon
were also in camp.
Among the distinguished otlicers pres
ont were Adjt. Gen. Bonham, Brig. Gen
I. N. Richbourg, Col. UI. L. ?arley
ol. . a. Mlc(oTwan, ofi t:he (vernor'
.,tlyCat. f. . errnof Abeville
-. iide ,m to Gi ichbourg, an,
\.:n K. Wiit. of (olamlbia.
Iou tent ciwio te griou.ds. The s
ee .en by. Gen. I ouhamn from th
. )e deparet, ad although shippe<
iro-n Piladelphi' only a few days ag
says that Col. Ludiington, throii
whom. tie tents werc obtained, acted
With com-mendable prop tness in re
spnse to t1ekgraphi regaisitions upon
(Gen. Richbourg isued special order.
to comp~any caiatin, instructing~ them
to assume conmmand and arrange for
More About the (;athering.
As the weather cleared up. the crowd
increased in size, so that on the second
day of the Eucampment the estimated
number present was over 6,0%-.
North Carolina w:as well repressita,
ther e beig present farmers fronm i"Alk,
He nderson and Rutherford cvanties.
Most O, these are encamped 01 in tle
grove~s thait surround10 tiwF:r(r.iy
iy roughtlk withL ti-~ -l;ter do
mete nimpedimenta and prepared for a
stay Of indelinite length, if necessary.
Lere was also a large increase in
attendance from all parts of this !St'te,
and especially from Charleston am the
low-country, there being prorinent and
representative phiLters from all the sca
islands. Berkeley. Barnwell, Hamptou
and Colleton counties.
There was a big crush under the pavil
ion when the usual morning meeting was
called to order. All the seats were oce
pied, aud the crowd overflowed in all
directions beyond the limits of the
building. The Hon. *J. M. Walker prc
sided over the exercises, which were
opened with prayer by the 1I-v. J. .1.
Reid. Among the distinguished guests
at the Encampment, other than those
previously noted, were the Hon. J. J.
aemphill and Superintendent of Educa
tion J. H. Rice, who were invited to
seats upon the stage.
The first ad iress at the morning ses
sion was delivered by State Cliemist
Philip E. Chazel on the subject general
ly of the official inspection of fertilizers
-the principles which underlie it and
the practical difficulties which stand in
the way of a recognition of its value by
The second address was delivercd by
Col. A. P. Butler, State Commissioner
of Agricultu re, who prefaced his remarks
by congratulating the iiGrange upon the
success of "this gr-at mecting." He .said
that it had probably surpassed in unm
bers and in work of practical vahte to
planters anry similar gatherng that has
ever been held in South Caroli. le
considered the present success of the
Encampment the most convincing proof
of its permanence as an instituticn.
Col. Butler's address was devoted to the
discussion of the bars to the progress of
the farmer. lie denied that the farmers
of the Stute are being impoverished by
anything emanating from the c:.e utive,
legislative, or jaicid branches of the
State Government, and that if there
were anything that it could be promptly
removed. Summing up, Cl. Butler
suggested as remedies for prisent dinli.
culties the diversity of creps, the pracice
of rigid economy, the improvement of
the tenant system, more independence
of factors and merehants, inteligent use
of commercial ferilizers, imnproved
methods of agriculture, and the use of
The next address was that of the !-n.
D. P. Duncan, whor regrettcd tL au
sence of Col. Lipscomb, who was, as he
said. the originator of and prime mover
in the enterprise. Preaiden ns
speech was devoted prncipa lly to a dis
cussion of the best maethGos of cducating
farmers and farmners' chi-lren. I we a
carefully prepared essay, of which it
would be impossible to give in a para
graph or two an intelligent idea.
After the above address closed there
was a stock show, and the State agrical
Itural exhibit occupied the attention of
the visitors until the afternoon~ session.
Governor Richardson attended the
meeting and was of course called upon
for a sreech. He was introduced
felicitously by Mr. N. F. Walker, upon
which Govr or Richardson responded,
congratulating the State Grange upon
the splendid attendance and expressing
the hope that with each returning En
campnment its proportions would in
crease, and that the farmers, of whom he
was proud to be one, would reeive in
the coming years the full benefits of the
The Hon. .3. J. Hlemphill, in respocnse
to a call, delivered a humorous and
taking little speech, which was repeated
ly cheered and applauded.
Secretary Ludwig, of the North Caro
lina State Grange, addressed the meet
inig on the subject of what the North
Carolina State Grange was doing.
The feature of the outdoor soorts on
Wednesday was the opening game of the
base ball tournament between the
Orangeburgs and the Spartans. The
game was witL essed by about four hun
dred persons, all of whom were corn
fortably seated on the grand stand. The
following were the batteries: Orange
burg, Kittrel, pitcher; Lightfoot, catch
er. Spartanburg, Thompson and Smith.
Ipitchers; Hammett, catcher. Kitt .dll
struck out eight men, Smith for-,
Thompson three. The game resulted in
a victory for Orangeburg by a score of
9 to 7. Oflicial scorer, Kohn. Umpire,
T he result of the glass ball tou rna
ment was in favor of the Newberry team.
The scores and the competing clubs are
as follows: Newberry, i3; Walterboro,
'82; Glenn Springs, 30n; SparLtirnrg No.
1, 26; Spartanburg No. 2, 29. The three
prizes were: Newberry, .%0i; Walterboro,
.30; Glenn Springs, .20.
TIHE MILITALY DnlLL.
The first brigade drill was commaeded
by Gien. Richbourg, Capt. E. B teon
oiticer of the day.
The folio wing companies particiitid
Sumter Guards, Edisto Rilles, Fort
Motte Guards, G reenville G uuds, Butler
Guards, the' Moga ' ilesandNewberr
The paramde was witnessed by a m
large concourse, and was pe-rforted in
manner cre diable to thre military of ti
State. An inpection of the Morga
Rifles was held by Ali. Gen. Inuham
.av werc the.E I.......e *nlin pres
if' W. W\ag-ner a Co. Charleston
C. C. Wod's im~rvesting maachinery, (t
1.v~sik LFal, N. Y. and te exhinte
,' N. C.
IA viry interestin~g feature of the En
campqment was the kirmess and flag dril
uspices of the Helen Chalmers Literar
Association. The court room was t
scene of briIliant decoration. The booth:
were presided over by young ladies ir
various national costumes. The attend.
a1Uce was particularly large, as the afiai
waus give-- for the benefit of Spartan
burg's favorites, the Morgan Rifles. Th<
Iag d-ill was executed by the following
young ladies as sponsors for the com
Spanies: Suiter Guards, 3Iiss ErnestinE
einitsh; Fort 3-otte Guards, MisE
Reina Alkuc; Morgan Riles, MIiss N(llic
EIford; 1utler Guards, Miss Fannie
1!Ike; Gret nville Guards, Miss H. Em
ri. .ining Guards, Miss Clarice
Con; E disto Riles, 3iss Milkdred
Thompson; Lan cens Guards, Miss Carrie
berry Rifles, 'Miss Icl
essi 31eau; N\th Carolina troops,
Mi . Sad) Ha ; outli Carolina. Miss
Heln usei: GorIa, Iss E. B.
Cha~e. The i~g company was under
colmand of Capt. Bacon, the uniform
being a blue sirt anxd body with white
rim , and black felt hats with
black ph"r. The evolutions of their
gallant minlitary sisters were largely
cheered by the various companies pres
It is estimated with every show of rea
son that fully 10,000 people passed
througli the zt-eets of the Farmers' City
on Thursday. Certainly there appears
to be no lin t to the energy displayed
by the farEi ug classes in the endeavor
to at least visit tXe Encampment. There
are instance - of imen, women and chil
dren wh waked from fifteen to twenty
miles diirin the niigiit to reach the city.
Taking the EL=.L.pment all in all, it is
sometLini nol in Soutli Carolina, and
some of the old rien say that it has been
the ilrst tin; in thi State that a success
fid effort ha-s been made to attract and
hold together for such a length of time
so many thousands of the farming class.
There IS, indeed, no telling how long
the multitudes will remain in camp, for
they have come well provided for any
emergey. The woods around the city
are alive with men, women and children,
some of theni hauving found acc-mmoda
tions in the wagons and others sleeping
ont under the open yvhich for the
pasut two day; has been particularly
TIM LA-T DAYs.
As to tile character of the crowd it is
possibly the most motley that has ever
come togethcr in South Carolina. All
classes are represented and the visitor
can see almost everybody from the
Governor of the State to the bootblack
from the neighboring rival city. The
plain country girl and the belles of
Giainey City, Laurens, Union, Spartan
burg, Gree-nvillc and other centres of
fa.ion are to be found indiscriminately
mixed in themush at the art gallery, or
iu the pavilion, or in ti.e State building
roomIs. or in1 the inter State booth of the
Women's Christian Temperance Union,
where icedt waters and tracts are dis
pensed with equal liberality. This booth,
U the way, is one of the prettiest
struet-res on the grounds and was erect
ed -nter the direction of 'Mrs. W. K.
Blakhe, L p1resident of the local union.
The morning session began at 10
o'ock, President Duncan in the chair.
This day h e en devoted to the exer
cises of' the State Agricultural and Me.
chia-l Society. The president invited
all the farmers to visit the fair next fall.
An instructive essay was read by Mr.
John F. 'T-ownsend, the well known stock
raiser and cotton planter of Edisto island,
on the future of the sea islands. A great
mxany of the points made were all of a
revelation to the up-country farmers.
The next address was by Mr. E. T.
Stackhouse, of 3Marion, on experiments
with the cotton plant. The deduction
being that the farmer who makes a living
at home, and makes cotton a surplus
crop, is generally solid and safe.
Then came an interesting discussion of
the ques.tion whether it pays the farmer
to substitute cotton seed meal for his
cotton seed as a fertilizer. Among the
speakers were Chancellor Johnson, of
alarion, tlessrs. M. L. D~onaldson, of
Greenv ie, Holleyman, of OJrangeburg,
and W . Jennings, of Berkeley, who
maintained the negative of the question.
The allirmative was unsuccessf ully argued
by Mr. Peterkin, of Orangebnrg.
Tl is inauguration of general debate
has been looked npon by the promoters
of the enterprise here as the beginning
of the practical school work and education
of the farmer, and will be developed with
wonderful results at future encampments.
Col. W. D. Evans, of MIarlboro, read a
paper on the duty of the farmer as a cit
izen and as a legislator. MIr. D. K.
Norris, of Anderson, discussed in a very
able paper the necessity of diversified
agriculture. Experiments with the corn
plant, by 3Mr. 1B. F. Perry, of Greenville,
contained many suggestive points and
brought ab~out another experience meet
ing, the debaters being Capt. C. Petty,
of Spartanbourg, Mlessrs. C. D~ixon and
A. MlcIee, of Greenville, C. Turner, cf
Spatrtanuburg. and iH. T. Harwley, of Dar.
ligtn Te session closed with an
excellent and humorous speech by Col.
J. G. 31eissicki, of Union.
Fia wtas "Governor's day." Th(
opeting address being made by Goe.
i hardson. .\mong the other addresses
'was one on the subject of signal service
in its hearings on agriculture, by Capt.
R. Graham, of the UT. S. Signal service.
Camp was broken and the military
companies returned homo-Saturday.
Jasper Bryan, living out on the river,
east ol ton relates ax remarkable inci
dent betwe a pcig " of his and a rattle
Ohae. fin sow' and pigs used to g(
inl the river swmp, and frequently the
s:> wouldv r.ppea~r or lier slops with ouc
pig shrt vjhich o worried friend
.r3 :: t t I-.: mrter't i his forces znd
e'nt in searc of th e::a oi the ab
ence o. the pis lie had not been ii
th swam long befoer" ne was startled
bth pe' cuilir s ound of the~ rattlesn
"pon investigation tound that a nakt
had swallowed a pig but the little
grunlr, ::sm .i . :mt.ti with the
.iroug the be~~ . lly h ae and wa:
aiuki ab tr.ylug to find its way eut
n t he lower part of the snake's body.
[Iie snae was proptly killed, and
oun eo cotatu sixteen rattles. Tbt
ea- rnied homle and is doing well.
la~salv;e I Ioa TLes
--Canyion isderve fom guem a
whshu n d irlw has guinption is ont
A QUEER QREATURE.
COLD ANDl) SHVERlING IN 3)';
MER--WA131 AS A FIRITTER
When the JIleak Winter Comes--tn
ltocet Tells of the l'evuliarities of Ili.
Physical Make-up--A Puzzle to) All the
WlAsn, Isn., July 24.-The people
of Wabash will not soon forget the awful
heat of last Saturday and Sunday, when
the brassy skies looked down upon tile
white limestone which glowed in the hut
sunshine and sent up currents of heat, if
anything more unbearable than the
burning rays that descended from bore.
On the evening of that sweltering Sat
urday your correspoident met a being
so strange and out of harnonv with his
surroundings that a repetition of his
wonderful story cannot fail to interest
the reader, even though that reader may
take no thought of its scientilic phase,
which, if it has a counterpart in the
whole world of experience, is unknown
to the writer. Just at dark, the writer,
as he was passing the Wabash depot,
trying in every possible way to keelp
cool, noticed a large-sized man standing
near the depot building, apparently just
arrived on an incoming train. He looked
like a laboring man, and would not have
attracted attention anywhere except for
one thing: He was dressed in heavy win
ter clothing, such as no sane man would
have worn with the thermometer at 91
degrees, as it was then. Was he an in
valid, whose blood was too thin and poor
to be affected by the terrible heat, in
common with his fellows? He was too
vigorous and healthy-looking, and that
theory had to be abandoned. Was he a
tramy3, whose wardrobe did not afford a
hot weather suit? He did not look like
a tramp; besides, he had on surplus
clothing, even to an overcoat that he
I might have carried. He did not look
heated. On the other hand, he had
much the appearance of a man chilled
and suffering with the cold. His over
coat collar was turned up about his ears
and his hands were thrust deep into his
pockets. The correspondent had not
watch him long until he grew curious
i and concluded to investigate the phe
nomenon. He accordingly took a posi
tion near the stranger and remarked,
while he fanned himself vigorously with
his straw hat: "'Tis warm to-night.".
"'o they tell me," replied the man in
Ilroken English, with a mixture of
French; "I do not know."
"But you certainly do not have to be
told that it is hot to-night," said the cor
respondent, who was faintly suspicious
that the stranger was trying to "guy"
him. A closer inspection, however,
showed him that the man was not suier
ing from heat, warmly as he was dressed,
for there was not a particle of perspira
tion about him. "I have not been warm:
since last winter, except when I was by
a warm stove or in bed," said the strann
er in a serious tone that banished the
idea that he was joking.
"Mine is a strange- case," he continued.
"Would you care to hear it; it is not
"I should certainly like to hear the
history of a man who is not warm
to-night, dressed as you are in heavy
woolens," said your correspondent.
"Well, then, I was born forty-two
years ago this month in a northern.
province of France, in A Isace, of peasant
parentage. There is nothing in my his
tory that is of interest, but there is
something in me that has interested
many-a peculiarity that has puzzled
science, and is without a parallel in the
whole world, so far as I know or have
ever heard. The peculiarity consists in
the fact that when others arc warm I ame
cold, and vice versa. I shiver with cold
under a hot July sun, and swelter with:
heat amid the snows of winter. My name
is Jean Rlocet, and my father was a
laborer in a brewery in Alsace, and had
a large family, of which I was the
youngest, except one, a sister, who was
born three years later. None of my
brothers or sisters possessed my peeca
liarity. My mother first discovered that
I was not like other children when I was
about one year and a half old, before I
can myself remember. My parents and
the neighbors were greatly puzzled at
the phenomena, but not more- so than
were the scientific men who examined
me in later years. I was the wonder of
our neighborhood as I grew up, for
while other children in winter went
about in heavy woolens, and shivered
with cold at that, I played by the road
side wearing thin summaer clothing, while
my body was ilushed vwith heat and my
face snifused with perspiration. When
summer came again, an~d birds sang, and
the sun's fierce ray:: beat apon the white
roads of Alsace, an my little companions
frolicked upon the green sward and
waded the brook, I cried with the cohd
and sought warmth indoors. The seascns
were just reversed for in.."
"But whein you toucuedt the ice and
snow, were they not cold to you ?" was
"Yes, as they would be to you in the
summer time. The frozen ground, too,
was cold, but the icy atmosphiere tbat
swept over it was stifling to mec as a
sirocco. What was most peculiar, per
haps, was the fact that the lower the
thermometer sank the warmer 1 got, and
the higher it arose the colder it seed
to me. To prove to you thiat a was not
imagination with m:: icci of my hand,
said the ::tranger. The scribe touched
hiIt was as cold as ice, and the wn--:cu
ry stood at 9t, degrees.
"I lived in Alsoee 'ig' about ten years
ago, when I came to this count ry to
work.at my trade, that of a stone-eutter.
I live.d in Jersey City ntil few days
ago, when I btat,' est. I am un
mari, iin hr' ive never had a sick day
in my~ h.fe. That is my~ history and, os
you see, uneventful enogh, except for
this peculiarity in my physical make-up,
wvhc' '1ys wintcr into summer and
balnmy 'ummier into dread winter."
"Iat can you think of no explanatio~n
or th''is uenomenon? What do scientific
Ntigthat is not guess-work. It
is said that a few days before I was born
the hot July weather in Als"c wa
broken in upon by ai se'iere storm, in
which the elcments were bgrangely
mixed. Thunder and lightning, coim
bined with hail and even snow, swept in
-a furious torrent over Alsace, and con
i nned for more than twenty-four hours.
after tdil. tim gt LLArin restS 11)o1 un-)
proved ter. I o1 know the fact.
1 (to not !0t~p to xplain it."
YOUc w t ;aw the fact, ancd
Was himseli maazed to a see a nau who
could so easly defy the power of Old
For the Nw . or' Financial Chron
iele's Cot)oIn arL of Jul. 30 the follow
ing 1guires "ae atred relative to the
m tt during the pimt
Fer th e week enJiug .uly 2(1 the tot::
p r::ied 2,5)1 lbales, against
:3, 5 b- lastweek, -1,601) bales the
previouls Wk and 1.201 bales three
we.,ks ne;maki.ng th2 total receipts
aisi, in , t-,72 bals forthe same
period :f iuJ.* hown a decrease since
ep m r, 1 , of 9.3 bales.
The xur or the week reach a total
o ,1 bAi:/, of which 415,57 were to
eat Brit:r.. 2.260to Enijee, and 4,2Mb
Vo the r.-t of the ontiuent. The ira
ports into continental ports were 6,000
There was zn inerease in the cotton in
sight ;f 7.1.#1 bic as coimpared with
tle same dltate of 18.%-, an increase 01
:;6,517 balh s s compared with the cor
respuding- date of 165, and a decrcase
of :3387 bales as compared with 1684.
The old interior stocks have decreased
during the weck 1,:356 bales, and were,
Friday night, :30, 67 bales less than et
the samie period lst year. The receipts
at the saie towns have been 6,532 bales
less than the same week last year, and
since September 1 the receipts at all the
towns are 71,287 bales less than for thm
same time in 1885- .
The total receipts from the planta
tions since Ist 'Septcmber, 18S6, arel
5,184,556 baies; in 188-6 were 5,340,448
bales; in Ls#-5 -re-re 4,727,276 balei.
Although the ree0.pts at the outports for
the pa.t week wre 2,Z)1 bales, theactual
moveenwnt frou the piantations was only
1,:":;0 b11us, the balance heir.g taken from
the stocks at the inltrior towns. Last
year t rectipts from the puitatio's
for thel.- ee were 1,676 blehs, =-:d
for 1S"5 they bales.
Up t Je :1 0 the reeipts vt the por:
this yea w e 0,9 bies less thua in
185 ,Ad J :,I: bAles. more than a
the me time in 1S 5. This stat
ni*.t s'o..S tat te ru-cpts since Sep
tComber -,') up ;L Eriday night, were
1 bua!.::s lss than il they were: to the
sne Gy 0I he Lacntl ia 1.%, and"
42,30 1,2ale s mAore ti -a they were to
the s1m11e day U1 A.h m h i 18h5 il .
The Chrunicle says thAt the specula
tion in ctzcnf for fA delvry at New
York wais fairl active for lhe week under
review, but I., coursc of prices wa:
(luite un2ht tl L, (e)lApinl lAt. l thIue som..
irregular:7. a nthis and the
next crop. O1 SaturdAy the heat and
th half~ b~ia canr - as almost com
p)ieL. deertio .A:A tA the ionI .Ixch ange
after th. AirA oi. OU Monday the
market opiCued .Licky, bIut the decline
n thin Cop W- lig' reovered; ci
Tuesdayl1~ h r tis crop was lower
and the -.xt dearer through nianipulw
tiont saz otenoeae h
had bcn seLing Ireiy, puttin!g out full
lines of contracts, a.d at the close some
pressure was shown in Julv contracts,
which was 'ore con-spicuous on Wednez,
day, when tier was an advac "along
the whoe.'k line." Thursday tle'e was i.
material decline in the neXt crop, th
bull movement of the previols day get
ting no support Irom any 'oart. Oq
Friday August options deAlhd i)oints
and the ne:<t "ruip: vms much depressed.
A Starling: Prei iethm
Two hundred years ago in (hirna there
was just such a craze about natural g.es
as we have in this country to-day. Was
wells were sunk with as mueh vina and
vigo'r as the CJelestis were capable of,
but owing to. a gais e::plosion that killed
several mullions of peopl and to-re uip
and desitrayed a lag district of country
leavi'~ '. lau.e: inland s, know ona01 the.
maps as La~ke F'oo Chang, the boring otf
any more gas wells w'as then and ther
pr"ohibite~ byA law it sems, accordina
to theL Chiue hi.tory that manny lare
and in1 someC districts wel were sun]
(fuite near to) each other. Gas was
lighted as soon as struck, as is dene i
ilhs countrv It is sttd that one wel
with its unusual p Onsur., by induc~tion
or back da.:;h't, puLed down into the
earth thre burig gLa*A s of at sml'aller wel
resutiLe in a dreadfuil exuo:,ion of
lnr-ge district, dest oyin .tu~e inhabitant~
thereof. La" - 1.~1 Chaug rests on thi
distric. 'i.h sa~ natastrophe is immi
nout in this contry unless the lawsr
strict fute devedopmenLts in berig so
a, wiA dw1 1 o~ tembl eare
mmkI.ll.A ee( iAo..A. The cuautr a:
the .o~s A i lwi ToA.1lOJ th ro'ug Uhio
Indn1u*j and Ken t\, wVil be.ripe
up to ti' .eA.5 AAAU ,2 f
and doppd ove the ' pneae evi:
Lai; .Are e .Aeh.i: dow,,
iiiit Ah Un-,n l &i.iiii~t Valley.,
and AILtig the A o .~cut for"v.C nezm
nai CommerAial Ghazette.
UIaAk re 'u.dy, Dr Pirc' "avorit
Pooinio " heGe irA of the sex
ASSASSIN GUITEAU'S ANATHEMA.
Remarkable Successlon of Misfortunes
That Ha.e Followed His Withering
VASHIGTON, July 30.-After the as
sassin Guiteau had been convicted and
sentenced by the court to be hanged for
killing TOresident Garfield, he stood up
in his place and pronounced a withering
curse on every one connected with the
trial. Little was thought of it at the
time. It was regarded as a fitting
climax of his ravings throughout that
remarkable case. Guiteau declared that
misfortune would attend every one con
nected with his trial. Since then Gui
teau's curse has impressed itself upon
the minds of superstitious people by the
singular manner in which it has appar
ently been fulfilled.
The jury was composed of twelve
strong and healthy men. The foreman
was in comfortable circumstances and
was estimated .to be worth $50,000.
Within a year after the trial he lost his
money and is now reduced to the level
of a day laborer.
Four members of the jury are dead,
and nearly every one has been visited
with some kind of misfortune.
District Attorney Geo. B. Corkhill
was removed from office, his wife died
and his own death followed before the
end of another year.
Mr. Scoville, Guiteau's brother-in-law,
who with Charles H. Reed defended the
prisoner, was divorced from his wife and
lost all of his property,
President Arthur, who refused to
grant a pardon or new trial to Guiteau,
was defeated for renomination and slow
ly failed in health, and died last winter.
Mr. Blaine, who was a witness '-a--+
Guiteau, was nominated for President,
John A. Logan, another witness, is
now dead, stricken down in apparent
Dr. D. W. Bliss, Garfield's physician,
has been in very poor health for two
years, and it is thought that he will
never be a well man again.
David Davis, who appeared as a wit
ness, has also joined the great majority.
Judge John K. Porter, of New York,
one of the government counsel in the
case, has practically retired from the
practice of his profession.
The guards who kept watch over Gui
teau in the jail have nearly all lost their
Judge Cox, who presided over the
trial, lost his wife.
The downward career of Charles Hl.
Reed, of Guiteau's counsel, which cul
minated in New York a few mornings
ago, by his attempting to take his own
life, adds another name to the list of
victims of Guiteau's anathema.
The only conspicuous exception is
found in Walter D.widge, of the govern
ment counsel in the ;ase. Mr. Davidge
has apparently been more prosperous
since the trial than before. He stands at
the head of the Washington bar.
The defeat of the Republican party in
1884 recalls the fact that Guiteau pre
dicted its defeat.
Merits of Small Fowls.
The advantage of small bree;Is of hens
is thus presented by the Amerien Agri
culturist: Though small in size, the
Leghorns and Hamburgs grow rapidly
and mature early. It requires some
time before a large fowl attains its full
size. The advantage of the small breeds
is that they permit us to make a "short
cut" to the laying point, though they
may be deficient in weight. So far as
the cost is concerned, it has been
demonstrated that it requires no more
food for a large fowl than a small one
compared with the product. That is, we
can produce as many pounds of Leghorn
meat as we can of Cochin meat with the
same proportion of food, but in laying
qualities the small breeds are superior,
as they are usually non-sitters, and lay
large eggs. Another advantage with
them is that, being small, a large num
ber can be kept together, as they require
less room on the roost. Being active,
they do not become excessively fat, and.
if allowed to run at large they will pick
up a large proportion of their food dur
ing favorable seasons. Being usually
clean-legged, they are not as subject to
scabby legs as the Asiatics, and if kept
warm in winter they will lay about as
well daring the cold season as in sum
Au Aristocratic Idiot.
The semi-idiotic English nobleman so
ably caricatured by poor Sothern is by
no means a creature of the imagination.
The writer once attended a fancy-dressed
ball given to Prince Eduard, of Saxe
Weimer, the commander of the South
ern forces in England. One of the mas
ters of ceremonies was Lord Arthur Sey
mour, a person who might well have sat
for thie original of Dundreary. A mis
chievous naval lieutenant informed the
sl'rig of nobility that one of the guests
was attired as Judas Iscariot. Lord
Arthur was pleased to consider this in
bad taste, and attempted to find the
imaginary arch traitor. During his.
search ho came across the writer
and ihe following conversation en
sued: "Youah name is-er-L., I be
lieve? "Yes, my lord," replied the
humble individual addressed. "Well, I
am aw told that aw a person is present
who aw is dressed as Judas, and posi
tively has the the thiaty pieces of silvalh
iu hus bag. It is aw like his a-d ima
pewdence to eawwy silvah heah! Why
the dayvel couln't he aw bring sover
eigns?"-Philadelphia North American.
Ilon to s-cutre a Good Stanid of Turnips.
An ol and experienced farmer gives us
fh fe!xing rule for seurigagood stand~
tf trnps Prepatre the land thotroughly
an e o ite rows readyv for sowing the
-ed. t f uwat unltil rain has formted ai
ru I:u cover with fresh, moist earth.
Ih mi. it earth will germinate the seed,.
''d art Will pteaetrate the underlying
duv hetie the plauts are up), thus
...-.....u::h moitu~tre from below to
ii h to kill them otherwise. Au
he el, it is said, is to roll the land
-e .ie sowing~ turnip seed, thus secur
. I- r'utig before the plants come upi,
- klld by the hot siuu.-Aner.mo
Premature decline of power in
ir ex. howeyer induced, sp)eeIly and
*erm. an-utly cured. Book for 10 cents in
*amps. W~orld's Dispensary 3Medical As
~oitatrm 663 Main street, Buffalo, N. Y.