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VOL. III. MANNING, CLARENDON COUNTY, S. C., WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 2,IS O 7
iE STATE LEGISLATURE.
THE FOURTH WE:EK OF THE eESSION
SHOWS CONSIDERABLE WORK.
Many Measures of Public :stcrest Adopted
- or Rejected--A Good Showing, in Work,
for a Very Wor ug Body.
CoLrsrrA, December 17.-The record
of the fourth week of the present session
shows up well in the matter of work
hard work-on the part of both Senate
and House. While the output of bills
may not be very large, yet the number
of important matters settled speaks well
for the industry of both branches of the
General Assembly. Below will be found
a synopsis of the proceedings.
The bill concerning the University,
which has been fully outlined in this
correspondence, came up as a special
order in the Senate. With it were ap
pointed for consideration the two bills
providing for a separate agricultural col
lege. After the adoption of some formal
amendments proposed to the University
bill Senator Youmans, one of which
provided for the formation of "a post
graduate department or University de
partment proper." Senator Sligh moved
to indefinitely postpone the three bills,
saying that he thought the best thing
the State could do was to send all these
schemes, for which she was unprepared,
to the rear. His motion proving im
practicable, he confined it to the Uni
Senator Izlar moved to table it, and it
was tabled by the following vote:
Yeas-Bell, Byrd, Howell. Izlar, Mur
ray, Moore, Munro, Moise, McMaster,
Patterson, Rhame, Reynolds, Smith,
Smythe, Wofford, Williams, Wingard,
Woodward and Youmans-19.
Nays-Austin, Alexander, Biemann,
Black, Crews, Edwards,Ffield, Kennedy,
Moody, Shoh and Talbert-ll.
Senator Auist, pro, was paired with
Senator McCall, con.
Senator Edwards moved to discharge
the University bill and take up his own
bill providing for a separate agricultural
colb .e. Upon this motion he delivered
an cfhaustive argument in favor of the
'The motion to take up Senator Ed
wardss eparate college bill was defeated
without a division.
The question was then put as to the
passage of the University bill, and on a
viva voce vote the bill was passed, but
before the vote was announced Senator
Edwards remarked that he did not pro
pose to have the separate college scheme
ignored in this way, and if it was not
given a showing he would be compelled
reluctantly to vote against the University
Senator McMaster remarked that the
friends of the University agreed with the
Bnator as to the importance of agricul
-di education and bad made full pro
sion therefor in this University bill.
Senator Sligh said that it appeared to
.e the policy of the Senator from Bara
well to rely on the votes he secured and
vouchsafe no argument in vindication of
his bill. He proposed to delay this vote
somewhat, and to make some remarks to
bring out debate. The Senator then
made a speech in favor of the general
prspoition that separate agricultural
colleges were the right kind of institu
Senator Youmans replied to Sentr
Senator Crewsathought this plan meant
a renewal of free tuition in the college.
He moved to adjourn the debate until
12 o'clock next day.
Senator Smythe moved to table. Car
Senator Edwards moved to adjourn
the debate until Thursday.
Seator Howell moved to table, but
gave way to Senator Moody, who accused
the friends of the University of trying to
agthe Senate and force this measure
- onits throat. He asked a postpone
Senator Smythe said that the report
presented with the bill gave arguments
ua its iavor. It had been on the desks
of Senators for many days, and he sup
Iposed that every Senator had made up
his mind on the subject. He, therefore,
renewed the motion to table. It was put
Senator Sligh entered a solemn pro
test against the action of the majority in
refusing to postpone the vote on the bill.
The billiwas psed to its third read
ing, 19 to 11. Tere was not the change
of a single vote.
THE SILL IN THE HOUsE.
When the bill was announced Mr. Keith,
of Newberry moved to strike out of the
first section the words "the college of agri
culture and mechanical arts." He did not
believe that the bill made adequate pro
vision for the education of the youth of the
Sate in the princioles and practice of agr i
culture. His principal objection to con
necting the agricultural and literary insti
tutions was that such an union of these two
deatets could not give the practical
edcation which the farmers demanded
and needed, and which bad been shown to
be practicable in several of the other States,
as M~issippi and Michigan.
'Mr. Hutson spoke nezt. As the intro
-ducer of the bill, he outlined its practical
purs ses and said the real question is
-wher we shall have an agricultural eol
leg. ,o part of the University or shall it be
a s ~arte one. He argued that if the pro
posed University scheme failed, it would
in no wise work harm to the State, and
then its opponents would have the very
best argument for the establishment of a
separate agricultural college. On the othei
hand if the separate plan was tried ano
falA the.e would be no end to the disas
trous consequences. If the bill prevailed
and the measure succeeded, is would oblit
erate .all jealousies in the State. He then
showed the great economy of the measure.
.There had not been a single argument that
proved the necesiity of ai separate college.
Dr. Pope said thaL he had hoped inal
when the question of free tuition was set
tied at the last session tnat there was "ax.
end on it." The presen~t bill was intro
Anced to forestall the farmers in their dle
Sto establish a separate college, and"c
yop in the $1,000( approprited by the
.itch bitl." The College "annex' wa.
ow 'called the agricultural"cle.
i'he trustees had seen the importance, o~
the name, and he gave them gre-at or.d
for their ingenuity. .He concluded by say
ing: "I give you fair warmnlg t'aat 11 yot
carry this thing through you will do it t<
your nnst Ynn'11 hear a howl from moan
tain to seaboard. The farmers are a bad
crowd when they get started, and I tell
you to ponder well before you pass this
Mr. Haskell replied. He said that the
Mississippi Agricultural College had cost
$80,000 a year to maintain it. No county
in this State can afford to donate anything
but the baldest nucleus for a separate col
lege, while for the one proposed we have
the necessary buildings. In reply to Dr.
Pope's question, "Is it wise in the face of
the clamor of the people?" be would ask,
Is it wise, in the face of the clamor for
economy and relief fro-a taxation, to saddle
upon the people the untold expense of an
experiment which has been tried elsewhere
and proved to to be a failure? This farm
ers of this State were 85 per cent. of the
population, and if they wanted an agricul
tural college they could easily get it. He
showed from the catalogue of the .Missis
sippi College that agriculture was taught
only nine months in the whole course of
three yeas, horticulture three months, and
chemistry five months. The measure was
an honest effort to give the farmers what
is theirs. If there was no other reason
against the separate agricultural college, it
was sufficient that it would raise a wall of
separation between the different profes
sions and callings and create artificial dis
tinctions between the sons of a common
mother, which could but work injury to
the best interests of all the people.
Mr. H. F. Wilson supported the bill in a
telling speech. He thought the principal
argument against the separate Agricultural
Co:lege had ben presented by the gentle-'
man from Richland when he so graphically
showed the effects of such a system in sepa
rating the people of the State into ranks
and colleges. The cry fcr a separate col
lege had not come up from the farmers of
the State. When it did, he would be pre
pared to give heed to it; until then, he
would oppose it. He could not exactly see
the success of a system which taught young
men to raise cotton at a loss of $100 per
bale as he showed had been done in the
Mr. Davenport said that he was compara
tively an uneducated man. Ile was glad
he had no more of it as it would make him
a bigger fool than he was. Of alt fools,
said he, the educated fool is the biggest.
"Scientific farming! Gracious alive! Show
me a man who has ever made a farmer by
reading books and I'll give $5." (This
statement was greeted by ti hurricane of
laughter.) The proper way to make a
farmer was to put him in the field. To the
intense amusement of his hearers he re
peated his experience in scientific farming
as derived from following the instructions
found in a newspaper.
Mr. Thomas, of RcilandJ, said that, in
his opinion, a higher scheme of education
had never been projected in South Carolina.
Its conception invu!ved the highest states
muanship as well as the scholastic genius.
In the South Cnrelina Military Academy
we have a unique school of miliary and'
practical diseghne; in Cladin Coliege we
have an adxmiable institution for tue col
ored men and women of South C.rolina:
in the South Carolina University w. would
have fire dis-inct schools providing for
every c.ass in the State. He believed that
the call for a seperate college came fr om a
minority, representing not one tent: of the
farmers of the State. That minority iad
its rights. They were good and trtue imco,
but he did not think it was wise 'o etabl:sh
the seperate college.. It was too ,espensive
in view of the condition of the State, and if
we had miiions to spend it would not be
wise. Its tendency was to place the farmer
on a lower plane rather than to elevate him
-to dwarf his intellect and repress his as
pirations under a partial culture. They
should have the broad basis of a general
education. In the present scheme there
was all the agricultural interests could de- I
mand and it was freighted with solid and
lasting good to the State. He believed that
the new University was the system de
manded by the people of the State, and he
hoped that tne tribunes of the people would
rise to the height of the grand conception
of the bill before them, and by passing it
raise a monument to the wisdom of the
Trustees and the statesmanship of this
body, which shall endure to the blessing of
the future generations of our people, and
in the promotion of their unity and pros
Mr. Padgett, of Colleton, moved to table
Mr. Keitt's motion. Dr. Pope called for
the yeas and nays. The result was-yeas,
69: nays, 34.
Mr. .Blackwell moved the previous ques
tion, which was ordered, and the bill
passed its second reading by 69 to 34.
When the Senate bill to amend Chap
ter XP. of the General Statutes entitled
"Of the University of South Carolina,"
(which wae, in effect, to conform the'
Statutes to the provisions of the bill to
reorganize the University, which passed
the House on Tuesday night) came up
for a second reading. Dr. Pope moved
to recommit, which failed.
Mr. Ansel endeavored to get in his
amendment~equiring the tuition fees to
be paid into the State treasury instead
of the treasurer of the Univeraty, which
was rejected on Tuesday, but the amend
ment 'was defeated by a vote of 653 to 39.
An amendment proposed by the com
mittee was adopted, providing for the
control of the fund provided by the
grant of Congress for Agricultural and
Mechanical Colleges, by the Trustees of
Other verbal amendments were made,
and the bill was ordered to a third read
THE AGRIcULTURAL DEPARTMZENT.
The bill to reorganize the Department
of Agriculture came back to the House,
with the Senate amendments as em
bodied in Senator Youmsa's substitute.
The usual process is either to concur or
to refuse to concur in amendments, but
in this case, at the suggestion of Mtr.
Tijadal, of Clarendoo, who had the bill
in charge, the debate was adjourned and
the Senate amendments were ordered to
be urinted. As the bill now stands
(passed by the Senate) provision is madec
for the organization of the bureau under
the following system:
"That a department of agriculture is
hereby created and established, which
shall be under the control anud super
vision of a board consisting of ten meat
bare, who shall be agriculturalisl, tiro
of whom shall be selected from the State
at large, and one from each juiial~ cir
cuit. They shall be elected by a joint
vote of the General Assembly, as fol
lows, to wit: Five for a short terrm oi
one year, to be elected, one from te
Stae t areand one each from the
FisThird, Fifth and Seventh cir
cutand five for a long term of t'.o
years, one from the State at large, 'and
one each from the Second, Fourth,
Sixth and Eighth circuits."
The friends of the bill agree to this.
The difference, however, lies in the
method of electing the commisioner at
agriculture. The friends of the measare
board or else to the people. The Senate
amendment provides for the election of
the commission by the Legislature.
THE AGRICULTURAL EXEMPTION BILL
gave rise to a spirited discussion. The
bill came up for its final reading, having
passed a second reading by a vote of 92
to 9. The discussion was opened by
Dr. Pope, of Newberry, who moved to
recommit the bill, that being the par
liamentary process of squelching a bill
that has already been passed. Dr. Pope
explained that he made the motion be
ause the bill is unconstitutional, it be
ing in direct conflict with Section 1,
Article 9, of the Constitution. The bill
fixes one time for the farmers' products
to be valued (August 1st) preceding
January 1st of the return and leaves
other property to be valued as of Janua
ry 1st. The bill then passed its third
reading, without a division.
NO CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION.
The joint resolution to call a Consti
tutional Convention was fully discussed
in the House, but was killed by a vote
of 66 to 44. The matter may now be
considered settled for the present session.
The House has passed the voting pre
cinct bill to a third reading. This is in
the nature of an amendment to the elec
tion laws and is passed at almost every
session, the object being to change or
ado to the precincts. The counties
affected by the present bill are Chester
field, Kershaw, Lancaster, Lexington,
Spartanburg, Chester, Horry, Beaufort,
Laurens, Berkeley, Anderson, Oconee,
Pickens, York and Greenville.
NO NEW APPORTIONMENT.
The apportionment bill caused quite a
discussion in the Senate. The oppon
ents chiefly took the ground that it was
unconstitutional. It was finally killed
by a vote of 19 to 15.
THE COLUMBIA CANAL.
The Columbia Canal bill was on the
Senate Calendar for a second reading.
Senator Hemphill moved its indefinite
postponement. Tabled by a vote 13
Senator Talbert moved to amend by
requiring the convicts to be clothed, fed
and guarded by the trustees of the Canal
and five dollars a month be paid for
Senator Murray moved to table the
motion. Carried-18 to 13. Senator
Talbert ot red another amendment, re
quiring the Canal trustees to feed and
clothe the convicts. This was defeated
by a vote of 16 to 14. C the passage
of the bill Senator Talbert demanded
the yeas and nays, saying that he wished
hisvote recorded against this infamous
scheme. The bill passed by a vote of
18 to 11.
TE STOCK LAW IN COLLETON.
The bill to exempt portions of Colle
ton from the General Stock Law passed
the House after a lengthy debate, par
ticipated in by Messrs. Dantzler, of
Orangeburg; Padgett, Hill and Wim
berly, of Coleton; Leserne, of Charles
ton; Kieitt, of Newberry; Tin.all, of
Clarend on; Stanland, of Berkeley; Ham
ilton, of Chester, and some others.
THE PROPOSED COUNTY OF FLOEENCE.
When the bill to create a new county,
to be known as the County of Florence,
was taken up in the Senate, Mr. Moody,
of Marion, moved to indefinitely post
pone the unfavorable report of the
Judiciary Committee. In support of
this motion Senator Moody delivered an
earnest speech, strongly setting forth the
needs of the people of east Marion, and
appealing to the Senate to recognize
those needs by passing the bill.
Senator Edwards, of Darlington,
argued strongly against the bill on the
ground that it would take valuable terri
tory away. from both Darlington and
Williamsburg, against the will of tho
people of those counties.
Senator Byrd, of Williamsburg, ob
jected to the bill, also on the ground
that it would take territory and popula
tion from his county, against the will of
After some further debate Senator
Edwards moved to table the motion of
Sernator Moody to indefinitely postpone
the unfavorable report of the committee.
Upon the call of~the yeas and nays,
the vote was as follows:
Yeas-Messrs. Bell, Bieman, Black,
Boist, Byrd, Crews, Edwards, Howell,
Hemphill, Izlar, Kennedy, Murray,
Moore, Munro, McCall, Moise, Rbame,
Sinkler, T1albert, Wofford, Williams,
Wingard, Woodward, Youmans-24.
Naye-Messrs. Austin, Alexander,
Field, Moody, Patterson, Reynolds,
Senator Edwards then moved to adopt
the unfavorable report of the committee,
and reject the bill. This motion was
adopted without a division, and the fate
of thle bill was sealed.
ABOUT GEANTING BAIL.
The bill to regulate the grantiug of
bail after conviction caused some debate
in the Senate. It was finally passed in
the following shape:
"That from and after the passage of
this Act it shall not be lawful for any
Justice or any Circuit Judge of the State,
pending an appeal to the Supreme Court,
to grant bail to any person who shall
have beenL convicted of any offense the
punishment whereof is death or imprison
nment for life or imprisonment for ten
THE PHOSPHATE BILL.
The House had a a lengthy debate on
the bill reported by the phosphate com
mission--which has already been out
lined in this correspondence.
Col. Haskell argued in favor of the
bill, and Dr- Pope spoke against it-his
views being, in general, those of the op
nonents of the measuvo.
IDr. Pope sad that this bill meant tiut
there wouid be an agreement between
the laud a.nd water companies to restrict
the pr od'edon of posphaste. The com
mite a le this Legidure deliber
a tely to cate a monopoly ! To drive
coor men ons of the businasr, and to
'ive the business to those five fat com
panes It was a monstrons propostion.
A lluding to Col Haskell's description of
the complicated machiniery used in dredg
ing rock, Dr. Pope intimated thatt the~
phosphate comapauies had introduced
phosphate tongues into the eyes ot the
committee. Ha didn't understand how
those companies could be languishing
when they offered to pay $175,000 per
annam for this monopoly. In the course
of his remarks Dr. Pope made the state
paid $90,000 of the $208,000 paid to the
Mr. Haskell produced the report of
the Comptroller General, showing that
the five companies named had paid$195,
000, leaving $13,000 to be accounted for
Dr. Pope said he had been misin
formed, but it made no difference in the
argument. He opposed this monopoly,
and oppose 1 it in the interest of the
farmers of the State.
The bill was further discussed by
Messrs. Miller of Beaufort, Maher of
Barnwell and Wilson of York, in favor,
and by Mr. Ansel of Greenville in oppo
Dr. Pope then moved to indefinitely
postpone the whole matter. This mo
tion was adopted by a vote of 72 to 34.
A motion to reconsider was tabled by a
vote of 56 to 46-thus burying the bill
quite out of sight.
THE RAILROAD SWITCH BILL,
as it is called, passed the House after
some little struggle. This measure, in
substance, requires every railroad com
pany to "switch off and deliver" to con
necting roads cars consigned to parties
beyond such lines. The object of the
bill is to give shippers or consignees the
choice between different lines, and to
compel the railroads to recognize this
LOCAL TAXES FOB SCHOOLS.
The House has passod the bill to fa
cilitate the formation of new school dis
tricts. It provides as follows:
I. Each city, town or incorporated
village in the State desiring to obtain the
benefits of the Act is hereby declared to
be a school district, with the power to
levy and collect a special tax not exceed
ing two mills, subject to the following
2. The school trustees shall at any
time previous to the 30th of June of
each year, upon the written request of a
majority of the real estate owners, issue
a call for a meeting, after one week's no
tice, of all those citizens who return real
or personal property in said district.
The persons entitled to vote in said megt
ing shall have the power, among other
things, to decide whether, in addition to
the amount of the constitutional tax ap
portioned to the use of the schools, it is
deemed expedient to levy an additional
tax, not exceeding two mills, for the pay
of teachers' salaries, or the building and
improvement of schoolhouses, or for in
3. Specific instructions are given to
auditors and treasurers as to the method
of levying and collecting the tax thus
voted. The Act, of course, does not
affect school districts heretofore created
by special enactment.
FUNDING THE DEBT.
The bill to fund the State bonds and
stocks maturing next July caused some
debate in the House-chiefly upon the
matter of the rate of interest. Some
members favored 5 per cent., some 4;
and some 4. The 41 per cent. rate was
finally adopted by a heavy vote. The
bonds are to run forty years.
The general appropriation bill, as re
ported by the Ways and Means Commit
tee, appropriates as follows:
Executive Department.........$ 58,970
Judicial Department ........ 56,750
Health Department............ 8,050
Tax Department .............. 23,600
University Department........ 53,700
Penal and Charitable Institu
Interest on Public Debt........ 390,000
The legislative appropriation bill,
which provides for the payment of the
per diem, mileage and stationery certifi
ates of the members and officers of the
General Assembly. the expenses of the
engrossing department, etc., passed its
second reading without debate or com
ment This is one measure that is never
obstructed by anybody in either branch
of the Assembly. It appropriates the
total sum of $42,989.
Qaite a debate arose in the House on
the bill to give the trial justices jurisdic
tion over cases of petit larceny. An hour
was spent in the discussion and the bill
was psed with but one dissenting voice.
Mr. or tenigt upanother bill giv
ing tris justices jurisiction in cases of
receiving stolen goods of the value of
twenty dollars or under. This was passed
The bill making Sumter a city was
passed to a third reading.
The bill by Mr. Pope. to carry into
effect Article 10, Section 3, of the Con
stitution, in regard to free schools, was
Several bills were passed without dis
cussion: To reduce the number of trial
justices in Ke-rshaw county; to author
ize the county commissioners of Ker
shaw to borrow money for school pur
poses; to provide a salary of $600 for the
probate judge of Fairfield.
The bill to abolish the office of su
perintendent of highways, and to de
volve the duties thereof on the county
commissioners, was indefinitely post
A bill to empower the Charleston, Cin
innati and Chicago Railway Company
to morgg tsproperty was passed.
Tebltoallow sheriffs $3 per day
for actual attendance upon the sessions
of the Circuit Courts in their respective
counties was passed after a hot debate.
A joint resolution proposing an amend
ment to Article 4 of the Constitution
passed. The resolution gives probate
judges jarisdiction in all matters testL
mentary, &-c., and also in business ap
ertaining to minors, and the allotment
~f dower, and in cases idiocy and lna
ey, and persous non compos mentis. The
tenure of oiice is made four years.
The Sinkler forfeited land bill was
passsed to a third reading. This is the
bill to restore to the tax lists animproved
lands whichi have not been npon the tex
duplicates since 1875.
The joint resolution requiring the Di
rectors of the Penitentiary to lease 150
convicts, at $5 a month, to the Carolina,
Knoxville and Western Railway Com
pany, to be employed in building twelve
miles of the road across the mountainous
section of Greenville county, was killed
in the Senate.
Senator Izlar's bill extending the limit
of tepoll tax paying age from fifty to
sixty years caused some debate, but was
The following bills have patssed their
second re.aing in the Seate Anthoriz
ing and requiring the town council o
Rock Hill to issue bonds for educationa]
y:rposes; (House) authorizing the treas
urer of Berkeley county to transfer tc
the credit of the school districts of said
county certain funds; chartering the
tow" of Clover; (House) authorizing the
tre -.-er of Berkeley county to place the
bale oe of the trial justice tax in St. An
drew . pa.-ie., levied in 1884 and 1885, to
the credit. of past indebtedness of 1885;
(House) amending the charter of the
town of Dorence.
Senator Patterson's bill "in relation
to forfeited lands, delinquent lands and
the collection of mxes,"passed-20 to 10.
The Columbia Canal bill has passed
its three readings in the Senate, and now
awaits the action of the House.
The bill to establish scholarship in the
Winthrop Training School at Columbia
is also pending in the House.
The bill to abolish the office of Master
in Laurens county was killed in the Sen
ate by a vote of 16 to 15.
Among the bills passed by the Senate
are the following: Bill to amend an Act
for the prevention of cruelty to animals.
Bill to charter the Bennettsville and
Cheraw Railroad Company.
Bill to amend an Act to provide for
and regulate the incorportion of banks
in this State.
Bill to repeal Section 2 of an Act to
regulate appeals in criminal cases.
The bill (by Mr. Keitt, of Newberry,)
to establish a separate Agricultural Col
lege and to devolve the duties of the
Department of Apricuiture upon the
Directors of such College, was laid on
the table upon the motion of that gen
tleman. He stated that he considered
the question of establishing a separate
Agricultural College settled by the action
on the University bill, and that he had
no desire to consume time uselessly.
His motion was adopted.
The bill to incorporate the Columbia
Club caused some little debate in the
House, but was finally passed, after
changing the name of the organization
to the "Columbia Social and Literary
On motion of Dr. Pope, the enacting
words were stricken out of a bill to
amend Section 1452 of the General
Statutes, so as to give the Railroad Com
missioners $400 for office rent instead of
$200, as now allowed.
The Senate bill to pension Confeder
ate soldiers and sailors has passed the
House and will of course become a law.
The Columbia Canal bill was read and
o:dered for consideration.
The following bills were read the third
To fund the deficiency bonds at -1 per
In the Senate yesterday the bill pro
viding for a separate Agricultural Co.iege
was killed by a vote of 26 to 4-Senators
Crews, Biemann, Edwards and Murray
constituting the adherents.
The bill imposing the punishment of
hard labor upon persons convicted by courts
or municipal authorittes was indefinitely
postponed on its second reading by a vote
of 18 to 16.
A bill making it a misdemeanor for any
person to obtain board or lodging at a pub
lic or private house and depart therefrom
without the knowledge of the proprietor,
leaving his bill unpaid was killed.
The bill authorizing the city of Columbia
to guarantee and pay the coupons on bonds
to 'o issued by the Board of Trustees of
.h>- Columbia Canal passed its second
The Joint Aisembly.
At 2 o'clock yesterday afternoon the two
housen met in joint assembly in the Hall of
the 11 :4e of Representatives for tbe pur
pos.: o. e' a Commisbioner of Agri
culture and -o Directors .of the State
A resolution had been adopted resolving
that there should be no speeches, and the
nominatiocs consequently were eon fined
simply to an announcement of the names
of the candi'ates.
Lieut.-Governor Mauldin called the two
houses to order and called for nominations
for the office of Commissioner of Agri
Mr. O'Brien nominated Col. A. P. Bu';
1r. The nomination was seconded by Dr.
Mr. Anderson nominated Mr. M. L.
Donaldson, of Greenville. The nomination
was seconded by Mr. Raysor.
The vote r esulted as follows: Butler 98i,
The following gentlemen were placed in
nomination for Penitentiary Directors:
Mesrs. A. A Sarratt, Thomas 0. Sanders,
John S. Scott, E S. Allen, Michael F.
The vote resulted'in the choice of Messrs.
Sarratt and Sanders.
Money for Life and Limb.
VALtRIso, Ind., December 14.-There
have been docketed for trial at next term
of Foster County Circuit Court the follow
ngsuits against the Chicago and Atlantic
Railroad, growing out of the Kouts disaster:
An administrator's suit to recover $10,000
for the deaths of several members of the
Miller family; a guardian suit to recover
$10,000 for Herman Miller, the injured
boy who was the only member of the
Miller family saved from the wreck; a suit
of the Kouts Hotel proprietor to recover
compensation for the care of the Miller boy:
an indictment for involuntary manslaughter
against JTohn B. Park and John Dorsey,
who are held responsible for the Kouts dis
aster, will come up; also a suit brought by
Annie Burkhart against the New Albany
and Chicago Railroad to recover $10,000
for the death of Andrew Burkhart, her
husband, who was killed on the road of
For "..orn-out," "run-down," debilitated
school teachers, milliners, seamstresces,
and overworked women generally, D)r.
Pierce's Favorite Prescription is the best of
all restorative tonics. It is not a "Cure-all,'
but admirably fulfills a singleness of pur
pose, being a most poteint Specific for all
those Chronic Weaknesses and Diseases
pculiair to womenC'. It is a powerful, gen
eral as well as uterine, tonic and nervine,
and imparts vigor and strength to the whole
system. It promptly cures weakness of
stomach, indigestion, bloa lng, weak back,
nervous prostration, debility and sleepless
ness, in either sex. Favorite Prescription
is sold by druggists under our positive
guarantee. See wrapper around bottle.
'Irice $1.00 a bottle, or six bottles for $,5.00.
A large treatise on Diseases of Women,
profusely illustrated with colored plates
:md numerous wood-cuts, sent for ten cents
Address, World's Dispensary Medical
Association, 663i Main street, Bulfalo, New~
The detective ought to be a old ii:a,
because he is always contemplating the
shady sio of life.
JOI ALSM BY ROTE.
A JERSEY COlJ.E( FOt ASTANTh
TO NFI.rA'PEP. kO.ORS.
Proicssor Podsnap and :he iack-..--k
school of Journmui. Where Practic.a
and Theoretical Newspaper M-thing !s
b Taught by an Adept.
The undersigned having opened a
School of Journalism, respectfully re
quests a fair share of the public p: tron
age. The s: hool is hansomeiy siBated
on the Hackensack meadows. Th l oca
tion is healthful. Frza the campu;s tl:e
blue Orange Mountains are visible, only
a few n:les away. Iu the apposit di
rection may be seen the busy mn sac
turing town of Newark. T-e "egnc' of
Bachelor of Journalism is conferr< a t
all students who oursue the full Lcuse
and pass a sataf-iotory PxamIination. Ihe
degree of Mast.r of Journalism is be
stowed on all students who complet- a
post-gri.duate course of six months.
Lectures will be given during the year
by many New Jersey editors. M:s.
Podsnap will have the society reprorers.
under her uersonal instruction. Pro
fessor Podsnap will lecture during the
winter semester on "Personal Jornal
ism" in the South.
Post-graduate course..... -;0
The Wiggins medal, founded by Hon.
John Wiggins, of Tenafly, will be pre.
sented at the annual comm encement to
the student writing the best report of a
fire in Hackensack.
The following works are confidently
recommended as text books: Weter's
Spelling Book, Green's English Gram-.
mar, Mitchell's Elementary Geog.:phy
and Swinton's Histoiy of the Army oL
TEOPOLS PODSsAP, Presid:d .
I Professor JASE PoDSNa?, Registry:.
The interesting advertisement pinted
above recently appeared in a New .1rsey
newspaper, although the name eig::a to,
it was not Podsnap. The Colie.f ;
Journalism is situated on the out.kirt'
of Hackensack. It is a two-story rtmo
building with large grounds. The Bam
pus commands a fine vies of H:Aken- !
sack meadows, through which the JE I
ensack River, on whose banks th old
Dutch settlers used to fish, winds 1-k? a
German silver threed. The Grange
Mountains may be seen above th. h rizon
line through a glass.
Professor Podnap, who was a v reran
journalist and wore a dress coa, re
ceived the reporter in a cordial monner.
Twenty 34tioats, reprsentir.g every
county in New Je.rsey, hadi matrc --att-d
at his '-hcoi of jourralism, he said, dur
ing the past fal. The institution :,s in
a flourishing cendition and its ir-'ruc
tion wa. int-ens.:y practical. Au iusgi
nary schecdaie was made ait every uoy,
and students ware sent out on imac 'ary
assignments. Li tisL way they b; -aine
accus:onei to writing ev:y in't e C e
"Come in" sid the procnsor,
hear one of our reeitations. We have
at least a dozen studns :lho h. ave n
here only six weeks and are noi .1-i
fled to edit any newspaper in the 'rr
Seven of our senior class are waitag for
places as mn ging editors. ,Some of
our m aging editors havo aireaciy t
tained great istnction i juratsm.
Hendersoa Miggleton is mariie editor
of the Tottenville Palladium. J. Waikr
Tompkins is dramatic eitor of the
President Pudsnap took charge of his
cls." ave sent out caie student,"
said he, "to write up a stroll throughl
Hackensack, a la Joe Howard, another
to write up a supposititions fire, a :hird
to describe an imaginary triple muirder,;
and a fourth to write up and. furnish the
deal fahy othietical suic:de. In thi
way we give to our students tae traisig
whch they would obtain on a recier
Te cassr filed in. The first staient
who recited arosc and read: "Ta. ible
Conflagration-Wild Scenes :m Hacken
sack-The Pire D2epartment Exhaiusted
-Narrow Escape of the City. A ~izisa
Itrous conflagration burst out in Haiecen
sack last night. The large bama of
Deacon H. WV. Jones took fire lastnight.
The fire belA rang with fierce cia-or
sninmoning the frightened citize to
the scene. The fiames mounted to the
sk in lurid columns, threatening Mr.
McCoxnmick'c hen yard with instanl de
strction. N>o. 1 and No. 2 were on bLie
ground soon after thie fire began. lIuok
and Ladder No. 3 arrived only five
minutes after thre hose companies, having
been delayed in a rut.
"The city cisterns having been dry1
for three months, the hose comniesi~.
were unatble to do any?ing. Baktso
water were passed from hand to ina
but they we're like o>1 on thei watter. am
only seemed to increamse the ii:m~es. At 2
a. nm. the fire wass bey ond control anda
had burned dlown to the boouen~t .th
bars,. ~The loss vCU reach c>. TIo
tons of hay, a set of harnies and a n
were burned. Loss $600. Insmuse
$450. Samuel Snmpkias of the~ treae
partment sprained his litl fnger. n try
"That," said Proiessor Po nap. "is
pictresque and splendid re.port. You
might have put in a little ;egouy al 'le:
discovery of the fire; but it is very good.
Let us hear the next one."
A red-haired 3oung man baiy
arose and read -'A stroll through Hack
"In the corridor oi the Pos es
Huse vesterdaty I accidentam. m9Mr
Jeremin Tow~nsend, a sub a-l r4
er of Winkieburg townshLip. He.
tht the outiok~ or uoard 'iuo.
wasb bette me \ear than. ev.
o two as jining neghors. Baka
was looinig tolera..ly wl, but acconl
nto his' olJli was atbout 8- i
Icut.Of oi. - i thai 1688 n oulu
vod ear fo' the R'epu-ans, aLd pre
dited thtCoroner Caraway wouldt .
ninety-nine mairy in Piekwick io'
"Piwking -his teeth in the hobb.
the 'otel I aiscovered FaNrmrer '.ee
"He is an erudite and learnedma
having been grsduiated at the Tesit
high school twenty-six yeairs sp. 1
tod me tat the .Republican pros:p.e
in Tenally were good, and that hieha
recently painted his barn red in ar
of the Republican victory in New Jer
- - shooand s -with him. and he
told me that he was sure that the Demo
crats would carry the State next year.
"Sauntering into the barroom, whom
should I see but Seth Stiggins, of Jones
boro, one of the leading Prohibitionists
of the State. He was drinking applejack
through a straw. He asked me what I
would have, and I told him a 'stone
fence,' as something mild would suitme.
He predicted that St. John would get
40,000 votes in New Jersey next. year,
and asked ma whether I thought peach
brandy was better than Jersey apple
"Old Caleb Wiggins, of Hickoy
Point was sitting by the stove in the
Simpkins House last night. He said
that he he had lost a collar button re
cently, and that he thought the tariff
ought to be reduced. He is a probable
c-ni.ate for pathmaster atCheesequake
So the recitations went on. The
amateur reporter, w., went out to re
port the imaginary triple murder. killTed
about seven people and bathed New Jer
sey in blood. The imaginary suicide
harged himself twice, cut his throatwith
a scythe three times, took a pound of
Paris green, washed it down with aquart
of prussc acid and finally jumped into
the Hackensack River, and was rescued.
President Podsnap, who had been
editor of a New Jersey weeklyne
for one month, expressed-himeel!
pleased with the progress of the
and thought it one of the greatest insti
tutions of the United States.
SOUTH CAROLINA BUDS.
Senator Butler's Daughters Who will be ia
Washington Society this Winter.
A Washington corre ndent of the
New York World gives a long list, ilhs
trtted with portraits, of the "buds" who
will enter Washington society this win
ter. He says:
Senator Butler, of South Carolina, is
one of the most courtly and handaome
men in the United States Senate, and his
daughters will be among the brightest of
the rosebuds of the capital this winter.
Miss Marie Butler had just-a taste of_
Washington society last seasonandMisB
Elise will make her first appearance an
New Year's. They both seem very
pretty. Miss Marie is very lish an::
highly accomplished. She French
fluently, and, like her sister Elise, is
very fond of horseback riding. The
picture I give you of her isanequestrianr
one and it is taken f-om an instane
ous photograph of her seated on her
favorite horse, Frisette, while. standing
in one of the roads of the family estate,
East Hill, near Edgefield, 8. C.
My picture of Elise, who is a little bit
more of a rosebud than Marie, was tsken
at the same time, and it represents .her
in riding costume, but does -not show
forth the full beauty of her features
iss Elise Butler is a beautiful girl. She -
is of medium height, well four., and
her large blue eyes look out over fair
cheeks, roay with color. Like her sister
Marie, she is a good French scholar, and
she will be, as Marie was last winter,
very popular with the diplomats. She
is fond of reading, and is an accomplish
ed talker. The Washington home o'
the Butlers is in the most fashionable
quarter of the city. It is within a stone's
throw of the British legation, not far
from Blaine's house facing Dupont Cir
cle, and just around the corner' from
where Secretary Manning lived last win
ter and where the Count Mitkiewiea
lives now. It is a red pressed brick,
bcadcng the number 1,751 P street, and
is very comfortably furnished. Mrs.
Butler comes of one of the best families
of the Palmetto State, and as for the
Senator, his ancestors were the Dukes of
Ormand, one of whom was lietnant
general of the Royal troops during the
Irish insurrection of 1641, and who was.
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland in 1644. He
stuck to the Crown when Cromwell
seized the Government. He proclaimed
Charles II in Ireland and made an un
successful attempt to capture Dublin in
1649. Cromwell, however, drove him
out of Ireland during the following year,
and Charles II made him a duke when
he came into power.
The man's name was James Butler
Ormnand, and one of his descendants,
Pierce Butler. who was a third son of
Sir Richard Butler, of Ireland, came to
this country as a major in the British
army. He resigned, however, before the
Rvoution and settled in Charleston,
and it is from him, I thinir, that the
present Butler family originates. He
was a member of the first United States
Senate, and one of his sons married Miss
Fanny Kemble, the actress. The patern
al grandfather of' the Misses Butler was
in Congress, one of their granduncles
was an officer in the American army and
was killed in the Mexican war, and
another granduncle was the United
States Senator in defence of whom
Preston S. Brooks, a relative, assaulted
Charles Sumter, inasmuch as Senator
Butler was not at Washington at the
time Sumner's attack upon ~him in the
Senate was made. $enator Butler's
mother was a Perry, and she was the
youngest sister of Commodore Oliver H.
Perry, the hero of the battle of Lake
A Large Fire in St. Augustine.
JACKsoNS ILLE, FLA., Dec. 15.-At 2
''clock this afternoon fire broke out in
IHmblin's har-lware store at St. Augustine
from an explosion in the oil -' m. The
flames spread rapidly to the buildings east
ad southeast, fanned by a strong wind
towrs the bay. The losses are: Ham
blin & Co , hardware, building $10,000.
s'ek $100,000; R. H. Gordon's block
'12000. partly insured; Estes & Brown,
dry goods, $15,000, insurance $5,000;
Pris "Brothers, dry goods, $15,000, insur
ance $3,000: Aspiuwall House $10,000,
partilly insured. The city market, jail
und council chamber, the engine house, the
S:mchez block and several other buildings
wre damaged. Total loss $200,000; in
surance about $6;0,000.
The burnt portion south of the plaza
near thec sea wzill will be rebuilh in Coquina,
Spanish and Moorish style. The north
side of the plaza, including the old Cathe
dral a-d st. Augustine School, was burned
~ast spring. The old Cathedral was re
A C::lumbia mother was putting her
ilttie one to bed and said: "I think, Flossie,
: are old enough to learn an evening
orayer. I'm going to say it for you and
C')u will repeat it after me." ' Yeth'm,"
isped~ the little one. '"Well, we'll begin.
Are you ready'(' "Yeth'm. Ler 'er go,
Speaking of the coal business, let us keep
cooi It is quite easy and much cheaper.