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VOL, III, . ; , ' .. : C., WEDNESDAY, . : T ARY 1
.. _ -. _ ___ _____ ___ s..r_ .r .. -."re.e'w ."crrrvtrwsr " ait"'"r 'ri _t 2.!Sw"A[f=L'1 9:2. .L. .Zl. r '=J ' S? -
TIE FARMER'S NEW YEAR.
HOW TO MAKE A GOOD BEGINNING
IN FARM WORK.
A Timely Article from an Authoritntive
Source--A Glance at the PIst. with Sound
Suggestions for the Future.
(From ,he Southern Cult ivator 1
Notwithstanding failures and disap
pointments of the year just closed, and
in view of the promises that "seed time
and harvest, and cold and heat, and
summer and winter, and night, sLdl not
cease" let every one apply himself with
new hope, redoubled energy and un
flagging zeal to the duties oi the New
REVIEW OF THE PAST.
New Years' is the traditional time for
making new resolutions. It is a con
venient time to "turn over a new leaf,"
as it is commonly expressed. In order
to determine wisely and clearly his plans
and purposes for the year just entered,
each farmer should look back on the .
past year and compare the results of his
twelve months' labors with tine plans,
purposes and expectations with which he
began operations last January. He is an
unwise general who plans and inaugu
rates a new campaign without reference
to the conditions, methods and move
ments of previous campaigns which
brought victory and success, or led to
disaster and failure. Experience is said
to be a "dear school," but it is a very
valuable sceol. Patrick Henry said, in
reference to the pending troubles of col
onies with the British Government, that
he had but one lamp by which'his feet
were guided-"the lamp of experience,"
while a farmer has other lights besides,
that of experience-so far as it extends
along the way-is a safe guide. Let the
whole course of last year's plans and
work, the conditions, circumstances and
seasons, be recalled, as far as may be.
Trace successes or failures to their
causes. Note the effect of changes from
previous methods. Go back in memory
to former years; extract from the expe
rience of past history as a farmer all the
excellencies, and reject all the blemishes.
It is only by so doing that we can profit
by the lessons of the past.
THE IRESENT CONDITION.
It ought to be no difficult matter for a
farmer to compare his condition and cir
cumstances now with his condition one
year ago. Still, we fear there are many
farmers who cannot say certainly, be
cause -they do not know whether they
are better or worse off-whether on the
whole they have advanced or retrogradl
ed. 'This ought not so to be, and woid
not if they would acquire the habit of
keeping some sort of accounts of farm
operations. But every farmer knows
whether his general condition is pros
us and satisfactory. Mach has been
'd and written of late about the gen
condition of Southern agriculture,
intelligent men hold precisely oppo
inions as to whether, as a clan,
growing poorer or richer. The
may never be determined, and
ed little can be done to
the condition a ' reI
or CO- Live action so
far a3 the actual management of our
farms-our system of farming-is con
cerned. Co-operation among farmers
has often been attempted, but has never
achieved any decided success. It is im
practicable to control the operations of
individual farmers by any sort of resolu
tions or covenants or pledges. There
are too many of them; they are too
widely separated; they cannot meet in
mass conventions; their circumstances
and surroundings are too varied and
diverse. Let agricultural conventions
and farmers' congresses meet and discuss,
and resolve and adjourn. The stimulate
thought and arouse investigation. The
exchange of expeniences, suggestions of
improved methods, and the social inter-'
course are beneficial and helpful. The
chief benefit, however, to be expected of
these representative assemblies is the
moulding of publie opinion and the
giving expression to the demands of the
great agricultural classes of the country
for equal and fair legislation, the aboli-1
tion of unjust discriminations, and the
establishment of schools of agriculture,
experiment stations, departments of ag
riculture and the like, for the develop
ment and protection and advancement1
Each farmer must determine for him
self, with all the lights before him, what
he may and will do for himself. Let
him resolve that whatever others may
do, he will that conrse, in general plan
and detail, that is indicated by experi
ence, observation and careful study.
Let him not rely upon what others may
say, or what Granges and Allinces ma'
resolve. If every farme' would pursue
this course there won.d result at once
the beginning of an independent, self
reliant individual system, the result of
which .in benefitting each individual
adopting such a system, will be the ad
vancement and upbuilding of the aggre
gate of all such individuals. This must
be the basis of our improvement and
Every farmer ought to "take stock,"
as the merchants express it, at least once
a year. Note down in a dairy or ac
count bock the number, condition and
value of stock of all kinds, the amount
and value of supplies of food, the value
of machinery and implements. Also
take account of the yield of last year's
crops, the money returns for the same,
the amount he owes and what is owing
him. Open a cash account and put
down the outgoes and the incomes. If
compelled to buy supplies or incar debts
of any kind, borrow the money if possi
ble and pay as you go. D)o not put the
keeping of accounts entirely in the hands
of your merchant, if you will run an ac
count, but keep a pass-book and require
every bill of purchase to be entered.
ML&TIG nA.BOR CoNTBACTS.
In making engagements for labor it
should be remembered that, in the long
run, nothing is gained by securing labor
ers at prices below the possibility of
honest hiving, Better give liberal wages
and then insist, by personal presence
and close supervision, on honest, faith
fu o mnisnce- Laborers must live,
and they will live-hoestly or otner
In our climate, as a general rule and
so far as the desired disite raion and
pulverization of the sail is conecrned,
the latt r the breaking up before hat
ing the 'etter. Our clean, Leay e:ay
soils, if plowed ve erl y, :ill 5.' run
together by the heavy raifonthsonte arly
months of the year, and be i but litl
better condition vwhen plnti. te ar
rives than if not. Bat en every farm
there are tields of stubble la.-is, or tels
covered with gra.ss and weeds hat should
be plowed at once. Crab and cra w-foot
grass if lored under early and not c
ered too tu?e, will rot ul bendit tht
soil andl the erJp. I: ueferred -mial jnst
befre piit wi. : h bet. t
burn rila L. avy , ce t.~ ed ue
to tarn it under. t TtShilae stage :h
grass has been leached of albuinous
matters and the loss by burn iil
amount to little in comparison wi! a the
greatly improvoda coidition f te
plowed soil. Samei ex'erienced f ar'e
has aoid that if t wr rcia:o
so hewottldnpref r, a em u.
iiplow all his lad the day b r
In view of the probabic bad wee.
amounting soenitims to an emire
month when a plm c .n:t run at ui
without greater injury i.a lo' n
eit, it is well to e e P i
ly in January, or even r
indicated. Our own rile i to ko the
work anima s busy doing the . l" g of
rails, fire-wood, litter for stalc s and
lots, materials for conpo t:ng, etc., so
that plowing may be done when the
ground is in the best c-ndition. Deep
turning or inversio'n of ordu si
not the best practice. .. ..s. o...
doubtful prot on oli amt worn .Ils un
less well manured.
The general experience is in f?:r of
terracing as Co'mpared hill
ditching, as a pr. 4"en tive wo shin on
rolling lnds. I' the i.: o ee :ire
not already run they .y .e iWcky
marked out ahead of plows by the care
1 usealmosnv of th heap levels
now adveriised. An instrument that
depends upon a spirit-level for i i
iustment is much more ac'r-te and 'e
iable, and wil give better results in the
e nd. The rule is to lcae the terrac:
at such a distance that each wit be three
feet in the perpendieular height .bove
the next below. A good swivel, or re
versible hillside plow, is very do irai'>e,
though not indispcnsable, in throw':-g
up the foundation of the terrace. I r
fcetly levellines at the start ant careful
strengthening of the weak p laces-y the
use of hoes or .hov eis, will assare the
ainal stability of the terrace banks.
Breaks are apt to occur frem very hc.v s
rains during the first year; bu: by
prompt repairs and occasional changcs
of location, the System m.y ome * r
fetly established and pieve a great pro
tection in the course of a few years at
There are still many large sections and
even entire States where farmers are re
quired (and content to d> so to keen up
long strings of fences for the proteetiun
of crops against stock. The time is
rapidly apprearbing when the so-caitd
"stock law" will be generally adopted,
and the firmers of the future will won
der that their fathers ever submitted to
. arrousl, at and expensive ,ys
tem oZ tecneing u -i -4
meantime, ho.;ever, fences must be kept
up where the old law prevails, and the
waste and destruction of timber must go
on until the supply b-comas unequal to
the demand. Nowv is the' best time to do
the work. The timber splits more
easily, and such heavy wcrk is more
agreeable in cold weather.
MAKe, -iAmmI AN!) corroCsT.
Where lalaor is abundant and costs bu:
little, the old-time practice of hauling
leaves and straw from the woods near by
and tilling the stalls and stables is good.
Farmers generally appreciate the great
advantages of comnposting. The truth is
one of the chiei aavantcges of compost
tg is that it involves the nee-:sity for
collecting the crude maateril that might
otherwise go to waste, and incorpoctin
them into the heap., If thesmemtei
als that are avnilab.'e for comaposting b'e
colleted and distribute.1 se-p"mi-l in
the soil no great advaintages wold0 p
near in compostinig them if the cent ot
handling be jity estimated.- In ut
ting up a compost heal) the proporin
of crude home roeias su'-h as .0tto
seed, stal~e manure, scr-apngs, ec., to
the purchased ektments -ospate of
lime and potash" sal. -i of no-'ca
importance. Thee vazious m.atei
vary so much in degree of conen.tration
and practical manu.r-al valuae that it would
be impossiile to make a -'ule th-" will
always apply. Let the 'air'er 'f Ia
neiuorhood club i .-her and bu'
cict phaosphate -na ponas" '-ut exchange
cotleon seed- for cotton seed~ maeal whetn
good terms are t.irered~, eahirmrby
ing as much as he may judio y.L
the ac-id ph:-.hate by in pr-ao2on
about one ti-~-nucu poua oeg
hunred pounds. of oten- ed -da
huntred~1:0u1 s of- Rit, sl :l
av ta-o hundrea Ionso 5:e.t
er acre. Nsow~ Ai ~te w h
eruder .terO's ace..r...g toa,.s
luantity and weni r.:ady f-r aes
trbute ac-cordin t-o the~ prp'ge gg
gested, or so as to go over t.:c iat:re
area to be cultivae.
It shoul be renielbre:ataa
principle it i.'es not paytebs to
manure a few :acres ve~ry .veyau
leave the min expaasO 0f th frmwu
little or no na~unure. A-moust aibd
impatial di:-tribuia wil brun the
~arge r agg*regate Ct 11' d 'yields and
pro..?ts, .Inteive faring, ar a sy::te
excde entirely the culi v to of un
uro0itale and~ unproductive. acre lau
iore on this subject after awhile.
ie are. p~repared to ei ino n
Organs o1 the bes: maeatfctr
orces for Cash yr easy . latl~ .
I ianos fro... 821 up; O:&an~s from s2
up. The verdict of the peCop is ha
ter can save the frt ight an twenty-ti
peor ceent. by buying of us. ls-rat't
eivered'. to any depot on 11fee uly
trial. WVe pay freight both ways if ot
satisfactory. Order and test in your
own homes. Re~spectfully,
N. WV. TRU-lP,
* - -Columbia, S. C.
Master Workman Powde-rly is slowly
"I:, I clti~ tant! oef (N :':: i A'1I1t-1i ti v is
Unix is Cc '-ri as 'c
are t -: al 12 c.0 i : '
Lio u \] .t J il: ' a 1 t : LCa i i.i'
o2 0b- .l.. flaCar
rotai c re. : :,a Av1 1;
'Tuds is rue:..-. . . t- 'V :
Id1a . ,a~ 1 .;r. l i
:L ~ ~ -t -T- -e':1:"
...< .ictn..tud:"" ..'C f1i: _C L"::
.. S. *.:..
Lia .2: 1::Lsiid _rtg 1
* rn .1-i. 40c 40
11'0 t... L Az it, i.. ''a K
and hL.s \vi -'' 2 1tu1U1l'0 Loin. r
a-l:l:tt"' .':'.w *t. C?-'cn ..t
salw bea ~~alk"J o t uS ire1 rou't y-1r0
and -optreo 'na -'i"-h', it
vs'*- s war' As tfl\ stOC4. -Ooki'2 :
tue 1IlU c I- tU t. (t. .
out:n 00. Uh ue. tree and i'_:i a
:iii; ..o ..- C .1 L'. t11t' tree. Then
t lira .+-.... ': :.~~s ao ii: r e n.,
Ii-.;ll as m at t do , a tai t CU
i. 10 .-'C~tAI' tim
i r1.. "Ort 'e 'cee 1 t' . 0i1 - '- " ?
:II' "t ils ue ii0t. o t.-v r n ii tt.
La.I bcr;p'C rotu _ t 1 aghasC' :afe
tngow stovi t ::~jh'; vi t Lg t Q' j1CO
to M -.. ualt tau :..t ~ l .. t nOi
CIT'ib. - i .u -- t ~ 1-ea.
ii""'- n~e r' ad L.. -, *E' '1 '
hno the-c peo le, bu -- ol; t"J ia-u in
__ra __g Cliii -lttjw t he tree. c,~1'
itr t'rc" L-..ct setala finAstlt
wath as it once o en en' wr 4b
lif l' t ing t as a ..
Lh .et' .1:a'iS tWo a... mile C it
Z"?,uttt W'aU uCiSth fr ;
'not UA o~ 1: ah Clig 'cut r!' " sC
ita 1 iue i l' lA0IAi th &? uc 5.a n Vir
havocr tine ~y Ficarcr(iP s'
buks ot Xtf5 it .L1 , to t L It.'
wist onc, e entd1 th Cclubs L 1
I~i ttV :t . 4.10 z1
and:1'sb thW e fc'1Cr od 1""5
Hi letf twa etnot..
ti \\ F+ i'. il:i 1 rAl1nL
imi:2 ' vi :I:faiml.:ini.E EN 1'I.
:N.: :;i' A CIICAG' C. C:, .1N.
lie ;::S th:;t 1'r:tver ltcstorct d1 H m ie
The Piyo-icia S Maid Failed. and Whten 11c
Iefai i) c":.:e1 iU::mali a id.
- : : t:e Ne, O:k iler-i.)
T l1 Dr. .ohn Williamson is one
St: : own clerg) men in Chicago,
1'avng evd as a pas!or in Methodisi
churches hre for fourteen years. H1e is
ai rible, level-headed man, t ', and
Lo givx' to isms. Yct he has a story tc
:l which is cut of the ordinsry way. It
nocrecz4;pon th '---velous.
ra.isters Dr. l illiamson el ated his cx
I rienet the faith cure. He was
ery sic', but he idn't o to a doctor.
Stook his tle rce to Ge3, he
cand w":'d. He took no modi
:,for Gdcuired hi:m without it.
Hia t. atu er ated a .en
>ai ... ^n til' other 1r ehtr4, and
e n 'lubt his word. 1).
V;viams'n i ot given to sEnsational
sm in the j'tij" r eie where, and his
ArLet, lresdre raann'r earried con
.,Iiam'soi Siil, tat health came
Shin a'ter ". sweet d . disribble
.n union with God," during which he
Lt-'-;l ::"1h L1..J l
.1s. aslre tha he~? woul hi rtored.
L- beivd n edhs reward.n
Te herald "rresp on-:it waitl on
!E clegya- tandl asked him to give his
xprec-'.- Dr W nilliar::son is a man
ory-seven yer. o" ag, strongly bui't,
u.t 1!''. ' 'e 0t urd wrn' upon
' isstaur.. lis life as rnot been ea
r! anotare roe, though he has
1v F:td L1an houirs a d.y to his desk
or sevtea yers past.
"I hav "' much of a story to tell,"
eglieL he, -- a Vou are Wt lhome to it
far as it goes. I feel asiureu that I
ras cured i conLi'-ceonce of my prayers
a iodv and ICY commnunion with Him.
Silment was an une-e ntoxication;
J, 'ivr was ls ai' i sil ana 1 was in
Iad way gO en1t!. I knew also that I
es ov rwor t, Lnd sometimes felt
i u-, perapeI ="ht never be able to
e ulte wrk ini 1y pulpit igaul.
c some oi the best phvsi
ia.5s in Cie.go andi they 'cwyise e to
st. I dlid not want to give up my
?._ , bu.. - i n :ugh oi a l 'hs.:cian
a kn0- t.. ht LitMr will sirert i elf. I
ui : graate of -ash mwdi'a eollege,
''mei(. 'vt'Vr pr'i-1I.
" hei it wa sIwtent to Gd. I ,1lyed
I ad Lneer prayed befor .and felt
l I wasn close and perfect coal
'ain ith. Him. I cannot describe
:. I told Gd all my t:les and re
essaraces that cverything would
S::ell. My pleu of ac'ion was to lay
town three r"lW, if t' y can be so
;al- re r io God, relhxltionl from
tark adi ' cjl exercise. I under
tooa, of coure, that rest and exercise
ould not eL:t the eo eteto care I
is'ed i ."
W.at -va.,s the 11a-srence, Doctor, be
ei praer t this time and thoso
evosiv: 2.a a
"I had'someti ng t dC"nte to ask for;
.~t x~L~sN~ "I wan:itedl to
oaiubc wit-' too may' popie is that
hee they pray they (OU t nLow what
y wait- I knew exactly what I
-anted and got it.
XY o feel that your resioration to
.-ilth was the tireot result -of prayer-?'
"Most a:sareiv it-as. I did not put
avself under' the'earc of ai phzysician as
cagtot..ri- have done had I not
'a so uc 'at in ih ecacy ofprav er
ud th illa-'gihss and readiness of God
"ou L't dierntly, then, during the
ie you were pray'flg forc health than
"Yes; IJkneI waszin the vtry- pres
neo of (-'' "'nd coul-l amost se-e and
lIis ersonality. I erled aloud to
Im 'a""d'was re.warde~d with His comn
"ani'-'i'. 1 cannot Lt 11 you howr I
elt Itwa c c mumon never granted
t. lu .e-r, and o0, ' feel Certain:, not
te vuc-e to~ men. I had it gre::
ad ua my ind, for i'oiid have
ntiey .cest sacitce of my lifo Lad
bee -'mplle t gise up my worn
ore ;year. a's te ph'in'- adued.
nO.; s'Jn after\O you pry et to Gsod
cid rz 'hat you-" 1- ben an
elt-acofa .'r- tm wh-n I wa-s
1mo -:: ::iet Iy 7a Cis in. ro n.ng
nd,. ..ai~3 :o d. Wll Ichve no
egar~edrze:aw Itil tpli o
om...ino ar e~a evay'uay 4...CC
- et y thatI0 a\L. i.S
- ,~ a ia .s'et~At
"ix6 ra :-o"' 10- ''' a yer'
a sw.in ne, - II igh o ae rn
-: ..at -,y r'o:.r ua enwn
bria inthi, te td~n 'ic nw'the
- ivn hdm'cad . ILg bhen
re 1 1go atel. ?n.
'-9e..le~y. heI wlas no Lat
anyi.s. ad m te~ul iat the
.a di Go and1li r oline mt of the.
d'a; 1:0nted at.d goL or ]my'
)' e"'.'d I 'ou ale n av
ere was I Jis 't seve whyon I 1hoil
Wisi >:cead ted;;tond or oherw
whr t o n n wa thogha tley do
for me. If vou now what vot wan
and ask for it in the proper spirit Go
will grant it. That is all there is in it.'
"You believe, then, in healin; b
I have my own cape as proof that
faith and prayer will have their reward.
Dr. Williamson has been pastor of thc
first Methodist Episcopal church, the
Wabash Avenue Methodist Episcopa
church and the Michigan Avenue Meth
odist Episcopal churcb, the cdifiic of
the latter being built under his personal
direction. It is one of the finest churel
edifices in this section of the country.
The Doctor is one of the working
preachers and looks upon the practical
side of things at all times, and this is
why the believers in cures by prayer
have seized with such avidity upon hi
testimony. The Doctor is not senti
Menta auoat the matter at al; he i:
simply matter of fact, and says that L'
experience will be that of others if they
go about it in the right way.
A Virginia Veudettn.
CeTmxo, January l.-A Cattletsburg,
Ky., special says: The war of exterinina
tion continues between the McCoys, of
Pike county, Ky., and the Ha fids, of
Logan county, West Virginia. Ac soon
as the last sad rites of the late butchery
were over the MeCoys organized a posse
and visited the Hatfield settlement in
West Virginia for the purpose of annihi
lating the gang. The posse visited ti.e
Hatfield house and finding no one at
home they repaired to the woods to
meditate a few moments. The Hatiield
gang was soon upon them and a regular
After the smoke had elared away it
was found that the Hatfie!d party were
badly wor ted, and three of theirnuimber
were killed, while none of the McCoy
posse were hurt. Those known to be
were: Johnson Hatfield, Thomas Cham
bers and James Varce. Vane a was shot
seven tmes. Satisfied with their day'
work, the McCoy posse returned to their
settement to wait dievelopments. Vance
had killed several men in the McCoy
neighborhood, au had to leave in con
sequence. He had been a bold, daring,
desperate fellow. The authorities are
poweriess and the war will doubtless be
waged until one side or the other is com
pletely exterminated, as no one in au
thority seems to care.
The Wealth of (orgi:t.
n accurate idea of the increasing
wealth of Georgia is given in some
statistics recently published by the
comptroller general of the State, and
summarized in the News several weeks
ago. In 1879 the aggregate valnatin of
all the property in the State was
959,54S, of which .9,85,129 was in rail
roads. There has been a decided in
crease Every year since, until in 1SS7 the
aggregate is 8341,504,k2l, and of t is
84,899,592 is in railroad.;. So it will be
seen that in nine yeats there has been
an increase in property values of 810:,
545,373, of which 8:1,511,910 i3 in real
and personal property, and 815. ,463
in railroad property. The record made
by the colored people of Georgia tinee
1579 is also very creditable. In 187.)
they owned property assessed at ~
:39S, whilst in 1S'7 their property hold
ing aggregatet8,939,479, an increase of
nine years of 83,575,097, or over seventy
nye per cent.
" % simple Way to I)etect Counterfeit Uiit:
"How do you detect spurious bank
notes?" asked the Evening News as he
leaned ono hand on the counter at the
window of a well known Broad street
bnk teller and with the other hand
stuted a plethoric purse deep down into
"To discover spurious national bank
notes," answered the polite telier, "lust
divide the last t wo figures of the number
of the bill by four and if one letter re
mains the letter of the genuine will be
A: if two remain it will be B; if three
C, and if there should be no remainder
the letter will be D. For example, this
note I hold in my hand is registered
211; di'-de the sixty-one by four and
von Lave one remainig. According to
the rule the letter on the note as you
will observe is A. In every case the rul:
fails, yont can bet your week's wages that
the hilt is counterfeit."-Augusta Eve
The Famlous 31exicank landit.
Evadio Bernal, the famous Mexican
bandt, ha~i recently been killed. His
name was a terror to the defenseless ia;
habitants of the Sierras and a reward of
so,000& was offered by the governtnent
fr his capture. It is said that Be:rnal
wvas true and kind to his loy !, tLough
lawless followers, and, though reckiess~
and bold by nature, he neer e-xposed
the lives of his cordsu tesr'ly.
He was of a jowia! dispositioO, but at
times he was tilled with melancholy as he
thoght of his miserable past and cer
tain future. Daring t'eese repentant
moments he would swoop down on th,
near.st town, to attend the paranh
church, and while the tremibling p)rie~pt
c~ant.ed tie Mass, Bernal and h
pctreque baud in the baok grcound
would devoutty cross~ the:nadlres uuna re
e~e their prayers, Then monting their
ores they would disappear as on the
w ings of the wind, leaving the villagers
ipecef a. possession.
C a-tinig a Great (G uu.
Phr.m-m:, PA., Janry 141-.Te
arest gun ever made of stel in cne
solid eaisting~, and one of the' three Lw
us recently ordered by 'the t ie
ates Government, was ea-t at the Itt
burg Steel Compa~xny 's works in this city
this afternoon. Whethit vwill i.
sucess or not can at presentr onlyvb
.armised, except for the excenc o1
an ull great though somewhat
a nL.rn casting, recently made at the
w orks. Tests made cf the metal used
to-'ay, however, showed that at least
thec small portions tried were tiawles:
a d of thme grade deired. A cursory ex
ami ao of the mould about _an Lou>
tuer the metal had been poured in wa:
ls' highly gratifying to the experts whc
made it .The casting will not be tahs
from the mould for a week.
Both houses of the Mississip)pi Legis
latre have p)aSed resolutions commend
ing the nomination of Lamar as Asso
Iciate Justice of the United States Sn
IPENSION:, FORi SOL[)IEHiS.
TUi STATE' PROVISION FOR HER
The Conditions of the Bounty--IHOW Ap
plicant: Mu-t Proceed to Get Their
Stipens--Funi Text of the Law.
The following is the full text of the
"Act to Provide for the Reliet of Cer
tain Soldiers, and Widows of Soldiers or
Sailors of the Late War between the
Be it enacted by the Senate and House
of Representatives of the State of South
Caroline, now ret and sitting in Genera!
Assembly, and by the authority of the
:ion 1. That the following persons,
soldiers and iTors, now citizens of
South Carolina, who were in the service
of the State or of the Confederate States
in the late war between the States shall
be eutitled to receive from the Treasurer
of the State a monthly payment of five
dollars, to be paid in the manner and on
the terms and conditions hereinafter set
is etion . In order to obtain the bene
i, of this Act iuch soldier or sailor must
show, iirst, that he was a bona fide sol
dier or sailor in the service of the State
of South Carolina or of the Confederate
States in the War between the Stites;
second, that while in such service he lost
a leg or arm, cr received any wound
csusing a permaneut disability incapaci
tating him from earning a livelihood;
thir~i, that neither himself nor his wife
is the owner of pri-erty exceeding in
v ae fire hundred dvllars as assessed
for taxation; fourth, that he is not re
ceivirg an income exceeding the amount
of two hu:dred and fifty dollars per
Section 3. Before any soldier or sailor
shall receive any part of the payment
provided in this Act he shall make ap
plication in wiiting, addressed to the
Comptrud'r General of the State, setting
forth in detail the nature of the dis
abling wound, the company and regi
ment and bataliion in which he served,
and the time and place of receiving the
wound, and showing that neither him
self nor his wife is the owner of proper
ty, as hereinbefore specified, and that he
is rot in receipt of income as herein
b-Ore seciied. Such application shall
be velitiel by the oath of the applicant,
made before any ei.:er in the State au
thoiized to administer oaths, and shall
be aecmp.anied by the affidavit of one
or more credible witnesses, stating that
they know the applicant was a soldier or
e"ilor and believe the allegations ma-e
in the aupl'ication to be true.
Se ction 1. Such application shall be
veriied by a certificate of the Auditor of
the county in which the applicant re
sides, showing that the statements made
as to property appear to be true from
the lists of propsrty as assessed for tax
ation, and it shall be the duty of the
Audit .r to furnish such certideate, if he
shall so un I the faets, without fee or
Secion 5. The applicant must further
precure the affidavit of two reputable
physicians of the county in which he
resides showing that they have made a
trsonal examination of the applicint
and setting forth the nature of the
alleged wound and the extent of the dis
ability thereby caused, and such other
Ay~t:t;iSi1s~ sa thehr jaa-gnitag a"
releva' t to the application.
Section G. Such application with the
accompanying papers, shall be submitted
to the Clerk of the Court of Commnon
Pleas for th~e conin'y in which the appli
cnt resides, who, if he shall so find the
fcts, shali, withont fec or charge, ear
tiy under his official seal that he knows
the parties whose names are subscribed
to the several afilavits hereinbefore re
q-tired (or that upon~ islqairy he believes
tem), to be citizens of the county and
state, and worthy of belief; that the
si physcicans are in goo i standing and
reulariv aut~horized to practice in the
ad counnty, and that in is judgment
the a'pplcation should be granted. Or,
if he. shall tied -otherwise, he shall so en
dose upon the said aplcation, together
with' any- matters known to him or found
byhim rLeeant to the. case.
Stto .The aiplcation, with the
.conmpanvinlg papers, shLall be forward
ed to the Comiutroller General, who,
wih the. Attorne'v General and the Sec-i
reaio 'Stat, shall constitute a Board
Ito an'prove or disapprove such applica
toni, a";y two of whom shalt have au
torty to act. If the said Board, or
any two of thenm. shall approve the ap
pi 'aon t~er shall so endorse thereon,
and it shall th~reupon be the duty of the
Cmptroller General to issue to the
~ai t, ntitled to receive the same his
warant for the sum of jive dollaru, on
t'e last day of each month, beginning
frm the date of such approval and con
inn.g unti. the last day of the follow
in . -tbe, or until imformecd of the
e un of the party, which said warrants
hal ue paid by the Treasurer on pre
S-ection S. Tfhe widow of any soldier
or sailor areom the State of South Caro
lina, who lost his life while in the serviec
o the State cr Confedemate States, in
the war betsveen the States, while she
remains~ unmarried, shall be entitled to
recive the b'enefit of this Act, subject to
the s.ae conditions as to property and
i cme as hereinbefore provided, and
m- make her applicstion setting forth
in 'etail thle facts which entitle her to
mae such claim, and veritied by silivits!
and certiaicates hereinabefore provided,
except the affidavits of physicians, and
upon the approval of her claim, such
widow shall be entitled to receive the
sae amont and in the same manner as
Setin . It shall be the duty of the
Comolr General to prepare and'
caswe to be printed forms in blank, on
wich such applications, certiliates and
ailidais may be conveniently made, and
e '-all cauie the same to be distributed
n he several counties of the S:ate, in
s uchnmbers and such manner as in his
udgmnent may be necessary.
Setiona 11 Any person who shall dis
cout, shav e, or in any manner speculate
c'th clin o' applicain of any solier,
nilr or widow madte under this Act,
I hall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and
upun conviction shall be punished by
he* not exceeding fifty dollars or un
Iprisonmfenit not exceeding sixty days, or
bt, at the discretion of the Court.
Section 11. The Clerk of the Court of
ommon - Plasal kenn a ecord of the
appneations enaorsea oy mn, ana any
person having had his claim approved
by the Board, as hereinbefore stated,
may, during the month of November in
each succeeding year, report himself to
the C!erk of the Court of his countyand
obtain from him a certificate that he or
she is the identical party named in the
original application, and is still entitled
to receive the benefits of this Act, under
the conditions herein required. Such
certiticate shall be forwarded to the
Comptroller General, and, with the ap
proval of the aforesaid Board, the Comp
troller General shall continue the pay
ments hereinbefore provided, until the
thirty-first day of October following, or
until notified of the death of the party
entitled to receive the same.
Section 12. Any person who shall
fraud ulentir personate any soldier, sailor
or widow, for the purpose of obtaining
the benefits of this Act, or who shall
knowingly make or cause to beimadeany
false or fraudulent application or state
mcnt, or by any false or fraudulent state
ments procure such application to be
made, approved or paid, shall be guilty
of a misdemeanor, and, upon conviction,
shall be punished by fine not exceeding
two hundred dolly re, or imprisonment
not exceeding six months, or both, at
the discretion of the Court.
Section 13. All Acts or parts of Acts
inconsistent herewith are hereby re
Daring the exercises of a prayer-meet
ing among the prisoners in the jail Sun
day, Joe :nith, a negro charged with
murder, amused himself and disturbed
the other prisoners by singing and
dancing to a lively tune and by -striking
and kicking his fellow prisoners while
engaged in prayer, and again so dis
turbed those collected at the front win
dows that the sermon preached in the
Church jnst in front of the jil could not
be heard. The other prisoners seized
him and confined him in the dungeon. On
Monday morning they called in jailer
Rowell, stretched the offender on the
floor, and after stripping him, gave hin
as sound a thrashing as a man ever gets.
The lesson was a good one.-Pee Dee
Senator t ampton on Strikes.
The New York Herald has interviewed
a large number of Congresamep on the
Reading strike. Most of the lawmakers
are so busy with their Congressional
work that they had no decided opinions
either way. It was not that way with
Senator Hampton, who said: "Upon .
general principles I think strikes suicidal.
The present plan of ordering strikes is
tyrannical. I regarded the Gould strike
as criminal, and the strikers should have
been punished. I don't know as to the
present strike-I mean the particulars."
Dead at Ils Daughter's Wedding.
W.AsHINGToN, D. C., January 11.
Charles H. Barrick, of this city, died
to-night while his daughter was celebrat
ing her marriage to Bob art Nicholson.
The wedding had-oeen postponed several
times on account of Mr. Barrick's tick
ness, but he insisted that he was not
seriously i.1, and the wedding was set
for to night. It took place scoordingly,
and the wedding reception had just be
mun when the servant announced
Barrick was dead.
We often see children with red erupt'ons
on face and hands, rough scaly skin, and
ften sores on the head These things in
dicte a depraved condition of the hlkand.
In the growing period, child ren have need
of pure blood by which to build up strong
andi healthy bodies. If Dr. Pance's
-Goden Medical Discover" is given, the
blood is purged of its bad <-lemients. and
the chihi's devekt pment will be healthy,
and as it should be. Scrofulouseffectlins,
ricets, fever sores, hip-jint disease or
oite~r grave mnal-tdies .and snir.-ring are sure
to resull, from neglect and lack of prope r
:ttentio'n to such cases.
Emperor William has exparienced a
change for the better.
Taxable property in Massch asetts in
creased eighty-five millions diu-ing the
The report that yellow fever exists in
Tampa and Plant City is without founda
tion. There has not been a case in
iter of those places for months.
The President has nominated Edward
S. Bragg, of Wisconsin, to be envoy ex
traordinary and minister plenipotentiary
of the United States to Mexico.
A Vienna dispatch says that the state.
ment that the Powers would ask the
Porte to summon Princ2 Ferdinand t.>
resign the Bilgarian throne is denied.
The number of persons killed in the
recent railroad wreck near Br.idford__
Mass., is now neertinl Iven.
Some of the injured are in a critical con
A nanic occurred in a church in the
south of Tyrol, Thursday, through a
woman fainting. Bight persons were
crushed to death, and many were mn
Over 4,000 jag of whiskey were
sipped from Mobtle in two days during
the holidays to prohibition counties in
Aabamia and Mississippi. One boat took
2,00 in a day..
The Lordon News confirms the an
nounement that Mexi.:o has negotiated
a conversion loan of ?10,000,000 with
B'eichroder, a Berlin banker. A dis
patch from the city of Mexico says that
there has been a hitch in the negotiation
of the loan.
General Butler's motion in arrest of
judgment in the case of the National
Iome for disabled volunteer soldiers
against him, was overruled by Judge
Colt in the United States Circuit Court.
The verdict against General Butler was
A difficulty occurred Thursday after
noon in the office of the Parker House,
Aniston, Ala., between W. B. Williams,
the proprietor, and P. H. Evans, result
ing in the shooting and killing of both
men. A young man named Thomas
Gamble, who was attempting to prevent
the trouble, was shot in the leg below
the knee, but was not seriously hurt. A
colored man who' was passmng at the
time also received a slighf wound in the
leg. The trouble grew out of a state-.
ment made by Williams to Evans in
reference to the infidelity of his wife,
whih Evans refsed to believe.