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VOL. III. MANNING, CLARENDON COUNTY, S. C. WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY2918.NO27
OUR AGRICULTURAL REV1VAL.
CHEERING ACCOUNTS FROM ALL OVE1
What the Farmers of South Carolina Have
Been Doing for Themselves and the
State-Suggestions for the Future.
The February number of the Monthly
Report of the State Department of Agri
culture contains the following "Notes'
which will be read with interest by the
For the last two years there has been
something of an agricultural revival in
South Carolina. The farmers have
shown great interest, as they should do,
in public affairs. Numerous meetings
have been held and various subjects dis
cussed. We would be glad if the secre
taries of every agricultural club in the
State would send the Commissioner a
list of the members of the club, so that
the publications of the Department could
be mailed them. We would like also to
be informed whenever agricultural sub
jects are discussed, and if the Depart
ment can furnish any information on
any of the subjects in which the farmers
are interested it will be most cheerfully
In this connection the attention of
these clubs is called to the notice fre
quently published by the Department
that analyses of fertilizers will be made
for farmers without charge. Directions
for drawing samples, which are very
plain, will be furnished upon application
to the Commissioner.
Nothing shows more conclusively the
benefits of the official control of the
sales of fertilizers, and the efficiency of
the system of fertilizer analyses adopted
by the South Carolina Department of
Agriculture, than the fact that com
plaints of worthless fertilizers are rarely
ever heard; and notwithstanding that the
Department has frequently offered to
make analyses for farmers free, very few
samples are ever sent in, thus showing
the confidence of those most interested
in the analyses of fertilizers. The work
of the Department, therefore, has been
of great value to manufacturer and con
From present indications the sales of
commercial fertilizers will exceed those
of former years. The consumption will
possibly be greater than in any other
year since 1885.
The Department has received no
official statements on the subject, but un
official reports show that the small grain
crop of the State is very promising
at this time, .and unless some unusual
disaster overtakes the crop it will be one
of the largest produced in the State in
many years. The winter has been so
mild that no part of the crop has suffer
ed in any way from cold weather.
Under authority given by the Board
the Commissioner has appointed three
patrols at Georgetown and one at Or
angeburg to prevent illegal fishing in the
Pee Dee and Waccamaw and Edisto
Rivers during the close time. It is
hoped that the fishermen will not make
it necessary for these officials to -take
any action against them during the sea
son, but that all will cheerfully obey the
laws. The patrols have been instructed
to report all violations of the law, and
no effort will be spared by those whose
duty it is to see that the laws are en
forced to bring all offenders to trial.
The laws are wise and proper, and it is
hoped that the fishermen will appreciate
this factand save the officials the per
formance of a disagreeable duty.
No better idea of the varied and im
Srtant character of the work of the
uth Carolina Department of Agricul
ture can be given than a statement of the
force engaedin the performance of that
work. Te Board of Agriculture, com
posed of ten members, is the directing
power. The executive force consists of
the Commnizioner and his Clerk, the
Chemist, the Curator of the Museum,
three Inspectors of Fertilizers, four Fish
Patrols, a Special Assaistant in the Phos
phate Department and a Veterinary
Surgeon and the Signal Servise Observ
er, the Director and tw~o Superintend
ents of Experiment Stations, making
seventeen persons actively employed.
In addition to these there are connected
with the State Weather Service about
twenty voluntary observers, who furnish
monthly weather reports, about 500
county correspondents, who make month
ly crop reports and furnish other infor
The Inspectors of Fertilizers are as
tively engaged 'in drawing samples in
various parts of the State. One is in
lower Carolina, one in the upper section
and one in the eastern section.
Mr. F. M. Rogers, of Florence, S. C.,
has furnished the News and Courier a
very interesting article on tobacco cul
ture. He says that in 1887 Mr. F. M.
Rogers, Jr., planted twenty acres and
has sold to date sixteen tierces of tobac
co for $3,200, having enough on hand
and shipped (but still unsold) to make
a total of $4,500. His expenses will
reach $1,500. This leaves him a clear
profit of $3,000 on twenty acres, or $150
The great blizzards in the Northwest
have been so disastrous that many per
sons in that section are looking South
ward for more pleasant homes. They
can find no better place on earth than
South Carolina, and all good citizens
from the frozen regions of Dakota, Wis
consin, Minnesota, Ohio or elsewhere
will be cordially welcomed in this State,
where they will find cheap lands, pure
water, congenial homes and a delightfu]
climate. The Commissioner of Agricul
ture will cheerfully furnish any informa
tion about the State that may be desired.
The Springfield (Ohio) Farm and
Fireside publishes a very interesting let
ter from S. W. Phares, of Harper'i
Mills, West Virginia, in which the
writer asks the editor to tell him where
he can find the kind of home he desired
-one where he can support himself ii
the dairy and poultry business and enjo3
a climate beneficial to a person suffermns
from pulmonary troubles. The edito:
very kindly and properly advises th<
correspondent to go to Aihen or Colum
bia, South Carolina, and if he had taker
a year to study the question and lookei
over the map of the world he could no
have given better advice.
-Dnrin~g the pas thn the Depart
ment of Agriculture has received numer
ous Inquiries about the resources and
advantages of South Carolina. Among
them one party asks for grazing lands,
another for timber lands, another de
sires to locate a factory in some locality
where rushes grow abundantly. Another
desires to know where the palmetto
flourishes. A number of responses to
these inquiries have been received from
parties owning land, but all others who
may have such lands as are desired are
requested to correspond with the Com
missioner of Agriculture at Columbia.
The Board of Agriculture has been
authorized by the Legislature to hold
Farmers' Institutes and Conventions,
and action in regard thereto willbe taken
at the next meeting of the Board on the
1st of March. In the meantime agricul
tural associations in the State can be
making arrangements to co-operate with
the Department in this important work.
This is a matter in which the farmers
should, feel the greatest possibleinterest,
-and it is hoped that all will cordially and
enthusiastically support the Board in
whatever policy may be decided upon in
the conduct of these meetings.
Inquiries continue to come to the De
partment of Agriculture regarding the
resources of the State. The gentleman
from Ohio who some weeks ago inquired
about grazing lands writes that he will
visit South Carolina in the coirse of a
few months and examine some of the
numerous farms that have been offered
him. He has made a visit to Tennessee,
but returned home somewhat disappoint
ed with the result of his investigations
there. He evidently expects to find bet
ter grazing lands in South Carolina, and
refers particularly to the coast region of
The gentleman who inquired about the 1
growth of rushes, with a view of estab
lishing a $250,000 factory to manufacture
them into summer matting, acknowl
edges the receipt of information sent t
him, and has opened correspondence
with parties who can furnish the rushes
A gentleman in New York city writes
for a copy of the Department's special
report on the State's exhibit at New
Orleans. The report, he says, contains
valuable information that he desires to
use in his studies on natural history. .
A party in Philadelphia desires in
formation about the mineral, timber and
agricultural resources of the State.
The Experience of a South Carolina Farm
er in Growing the Weed.
Dr. J. B. O. Landrum, of Spartan
burg county, writes as follows to the
Department of Agriculture:
"I find after all that the planting of a
small tobacco crop pays handsomely, if 3
nicely handled. I am now selling my
tobacco in the neighborhood and sur
rounding country very readily at 10 to
15 cents per pound, and will soon have'
sold all I have on hand.
"Let me give you a little of my expe
rience in tobacco culture. In 1885 I '
planted five acres. I was short-sighted'
in sowing enough seed for plants. I had
plants, but the trouble was I could not
get them big enough for early setting,
hence I had to resort to begging from
every source. It was not until about the
last of May that I got all the ground
(which was newly cleared, well rooted,
well pulverized and well manured) set in
tobacco plants. Many of these died out
owing to the heat of the sun, notwith
standing I shaded them, and some of
those that lived were caught by the
frost and had to be cut before ripening
which I tried to hurry by cutting
through the stalk and peeling the bark 1
around the same. The consequence was
that my tobacco, especially the late I
setting, was ofan inferior kind, not all
being of improved varieties. I did not
take enough precaution to kill the tobac
co flies, and I had worms by the thou
sands. In spiteofsll my efforts to ex
terminate them they devoured my
tobacco, and a good deal of it was ragged
and full of holes. I still went to work 1
with abig heart; built a big barn and
bought flues. I endeavored to get a man
to cure for me, but failed; we went to
work and endeavored to cure after Eng
land's method, and succeeded in getting
some very nice tobacco. At odd times.
I would stop and classify, and looked*
anxiously for a time to ship and meet
with a remunerative return, which time
never came. I shipped to Durham, N.
C., about 150 pounds, prepaid the
freight, and was looking for a handsome
return; when the return came I found I
had been cheated in weights, and my
tobacco had been bid off at 2 cents per
pound. It did not pay the freight. I
soon saw the trick. The tobacco boom
had flooded the markets, and the mann
facturers could get all they wanted with
out bidding against each other. I was
forced to keep all I had on hand, and
sorrow over my folly.
"In 1886 I planted an acre, but was
very careless in the management of it,
being somewhat disheartened as to the
profitableness of the culture. I am con
vinced, on reflection, that a very small
crop will pay. It gives employment to
hands when the ground is too wet for
ether work. It gives employment after
the other crops are laid by, and work
for hands rainy days during the winter
months in shipping, classifying, etc.
But for the operations of the Internal
Revenue laws I could load my tobacco
in my wagon and cash the same in
twenty-four hours. I am in favor of the
repeal of the internal revenue tax on
How to Get Rid of the Crows.
A Chester (Pa.) gentleman tells an in
teresting story of the manner in which
a Delaware farmer got rid of crows. He
was greatly troubled by the depredations:
of these birds, and all the means to drive
them away permanently having failed,
he tried an original~plan. Taking a half:
peck or more of corn he soaked it thor
oughly in whiskey and then scattered
the cereal along the fence of the field
chiefly visited by the feathered thieves,
He soon had a number of crows eating
the doctored corn, and as they didn't fly
away to observe the effect of the dose.
He found every crow drunk, some lying
over on their sides, others tottering
around in a maudlin attempt to fly. He
could have killed every one, but re
solved to wait the outcome of the
drunk. Gradually the birds recovered,
and one by one flew unsteadily away.
During the remader ot the season the
farmer was not troubled by a single
om-.Loiswville Ho and'Fam.
TAKEN FOR MRS. SURATT.
A Rhode Island Lady's Adventure at the
Time of Lincoln's Assassination.
(From the New York Sun.)
Pnovi)uNcE, R. I., February 18.
There lives in this city a most estimable
lady, Mrs. Stevenson, who twee y-two
years ago was arrested and confined in
Fortress Monroe as one of the assassins
of Abraham Lincoln. Mr. Samuel W.
Pierce and his sister, Mrs. Stevenson,
were traveling to Newberne, N. C., at
he time that Booth's bullet struck down
President Lincoln, and they were con
inuing their journey, while the country
was being scoured by soldiers and de
ectives in search of the murderers.
When at Newport News an armed party
stopped them, and, after scrutinizing the
ady, the officer in command concluded
hat he had intercepted the flight of Mrs.
5urratt and one of her male accomplices.
Ur. Pierce was indignant, and demand
td of the officer the reason of the honor
tonferred by a squadron of cavalry at
heir heels. Very sternly the captain,
)ade Mr. Pierce, if he valued what little
>f life remained to him and his com
anion, to hold his tongue, as he would
iot be responsible for the discipline of
Is command should their identity be
mown to the soldiers.
"Why should they not know who we
are?" inquired the perplexed Pierce.
The officer smiled grimly and said that
uch assumed innocence might deceive a
reenhorn in the service of the country,
>ut it would have no effect on a veteran
f his experience. Cautioning the trav
,lers to keep their own counsel if they
ished to reach the fort in a recognizable
ondition, he gave the word of command
and the dragoons ranging themselves on
each side of the carriage in which the
ady'and gentleman were riding, broke
nto a canter, closing up on all sides, so
hat escape was impossible.
At Fortress Monroe the lady and gen
lean were received in silence. An
>rderly dashed ahead to acquaint the
oommandant with the nature of the cap
ure, and he, too, seeing the danger of
elivering his prisoners alive, were it
mown that they were Mrs. Surratt and
mother of the gang of conspirators, gave
trict orders that the names of the pris
>ners should be kept secret from the
ank and file. When within the grim
rtress the travelers were separated and
nfined in casemate barrack rooms.
"You shall be attended to by women,
nadam," said the commandant, "but be
>repared to leave for Washington at an
"I have no business in Washington.
ir. I have just left that city."
"I am compelled to take official notice
>f the admission, madam," was the grave
)ut respectful reply' "in the meantime
rou will hand me your traveling bag."
"Have I fallen into the hands of ban
[its or highwaymen?" exclaimed Mrs.
tevenson, at a loss to conceive the
anse of their detention.
"You have fallen into the hands of
oyal soldiers of the Union, madam; men
vho must do their duty even if it offend
ad discommode a lady."
"I beg your pardon; indeed I do,"
aid the lady, with frankness. "I am
annoyed, it is true, at this unwarrantable
letention, but it gives me no excuse for
alling you bandits. Please forgive me,"
d the lady extended her hand.
To her astonishment the commandant
Lid not take it. He merely bowed, and
nformed her that he would make such
arrangements as he could for her com
ort. Mrs. Stevenson little knew the
eason why the brave officer had not ac
epted the friendly hand she had ex
ended, but she soon learned that he
hought it was red with the blood of the
nartyred Lincoln, and she readily for
ave him the seeming discourtesy.
An hour later, after the effects of Mr.
?ierce and Mrs. Stevenson had been ex
mined, they were brought together and
iestioned again as to their names and
where they had come from. Of course
hey had but one story to tell. They had
some from Providence and were going
"If I telegraph to the Governor of
thode Island, will he confirm what you
tay?" sked the commanding officer.
"Undoubtedly, for he is well acquaint.
d with us," was the reply.
The wires were put in operation, and
n a few hours a message was received
rom Governor Smith, of Rhode Island,
ully verifying the statements of the
ravelers. The explanation was clinched
>y the arrival at the fort of an officer of
lgh rank to whom Mr. Pierce and Mrs.
tevenson were personally known. They1
were immediately released, and so, in
tead of being sent to Washington under
;uard as assassins of Lincoln, they~
lined with the Colonel and resumed their
A Model Woman.
The Barnwell People gives a model
woman, having previously presented the1
nodel man. Here is what is said of her:
"Sly is a resident of Hampton county,
orty-three years of age, modest and re
iring in conduct and character. For
hirteen years she has been a consistent
member of the Baptist church. Circum
utances have required her to follow a
sourse of laborious life generally regard
d as unsuited to her sex, but she has
et its duties bravely, deserving and re
eiving the respect of all who know her.
For thirty years she has followed the
plough and engaged in the usual round
of farm labor. Last year she made nine
bales of cotton, besides provisions, with
ne plough. She has dug on?e well,
built five chimneys, and frequently split
a hundred rails a day. She has a good
home of her own, enjoys excellent
health, and is sending her children to
school regularly. Her life is an eloquent
rebuke to many strong men who have
not equalled lrer honorable record."
Mr. Blaine, after all, is said to be a
man of limited means. His house in
Washington, one of the largest and
finest in the most fashionable part of the
city, cost him about $60,000, but is
somewhat encumbered. With all its
elegant furnishings and work of art it is
rented to Mr. Leiter, a retired Chicago
merchant, for $10,000 a year and taxes,
insurance and repairs paid by the lessee.
Mr. Blaine has interests in large bodies
West Virginia and Perinsylvania coal
and ore lands not yet fully on the mar
ket. His book is reported to have netted
for him about $50,000. His home in
Augusta about completes his resources.
Mr. W. W. Corcoran, the great phi
anthenniat. diea in Washington Friday.
TO MAKE WO MEN HAPPY.
DR. TALMAGE WARNS THEM TO BE
WARE OF FLATTERY.
Ile Does Not Think Social Position Gives
Woman Enough Pleasure to Make It an
Object of Desire--WVhat He Said to Young
Girls About Flattery.
"What can and what cannot make a
woman happy," was the subject of the
Rev. Dr. Talmage's discourse at the
Brooklyn Tabernacle Sunday morning.
It was the seventh of the series of popu
lar sermons to the women of America,
and hundreds more than could find ac
commodation went .o the church. "The
editor of a Boston newspaper," began
Dr. Talmage, "a fw. days ago wrote
asking me the terse questions: 'What is
the road to happiness?' and 'Ought hap
piness to be the chief aim of life?' My
answer was: 'The road to happiness is
the continuous effort to make others
happy. The chief aim of life ought to
be usefulness, not happiness; but happi
ness always follows usefulness.' This
morning's text in a strong way sets forth
the truth that a woman who seeks in
worldly advantage her chief enjoyment
will come to disappointment and death.
'She that liveth in pleasure is dead while
"I correct the popular impression that
people are happier in childhood and
youti than they will ever be again. If
we live aright, the older the happier.
The happiest woman that I ever knew
was a Christian octogenarian. I have to
say to a great many of the young people
that the most miserable time you are
ever to have is just now. As you ad
vance in life, as you come out into the
world and have your heE d and heart all
full of good, honest, practical Christian
work, then you will know what it is to
begin to be happy. There are those who
would have us believe that life is chasing
thistledown and grasping bubbles. We
have not found it so.
"And in the first place, I advise you
not to build your happiness upon mere
social position. Persons at your age,
looking off upon life, are apt to think
that if, by some stroke of what is called
good luck, you could arrive in an ele
vated and affluent position, a little high
er than that in which God has called
you to live, you would be completely
happy. Infinite mistake! If the sob of
unhappy womanhood in the great cities
could break through the tapestried wall,
that sob would come along your streets
to-day like the simoon of the desert.
Someiimes I have heard in the rustling
of the robes on the city pavement the
hiss of the adders that followed in the
wake. You have come out from your
home, and you have looked up at the
great house, and cove, a life under those
arches, when, perhaps, at that very mo
ment, within that house there may have
been the wringing of hands, the start of
horror, and the very agony of hell.
"All that this worki cm do for you in
silver, in gold, in Axmmster plush, in
Gobelin tapestry, in wide halls, in lordly
acqaintanceship, wil! not give you the
ten thousandth part of a grain of solid
satisfaction. Mere social position will
never give happiness to a woman's soul.
I have had wide andcontinuous observa
tion, and I tell the young women that
they who build on mere social position
,their soul's immortal happiness are
building on the sand.
"Young women, have you anything to
do in the way of makiog your father's
home happy? Now is the time to attend
to it, or leave it forever undone. Time
is flying very quickly away. I suppose
you notice wrinkles are gathering and
accumulating on thbse kindly faces that
have so long lookec upon you; there is
frost in the locks; the foot is not as firm
in its steps as it ned to be, and they
will soon be gone. The heaviest clod
that falls on a parer~t's coffin lid is the
memory of an ungrnteful daughter. Oh,
make their last days bright and beauti
ful. Do not act as though they were in
the way. Ask their counsel, seek their
praers, and, after long years have
passed, and you go out to see the grave
where they sleep, you will find growing
all over the mound; something lovelier
than cypress, something sweeter than
the rose, something chaster than the lily
-the bright and beautiful memories of~
filial kindness performed ere the dying
hand dropped on you a benediction and
you closed the lids over the weary eyes
of the worn-out pilgrim.
"I go further, and advise yea not to
depend for enjoyment upon mere per
sonal attractions. It would be sheer
hypocrisy, because we may not have it
ourselves, to despise, or affect to despise:
beauty in others. When God gives it,
He sim&it as a blessine and a means of
usefulness. The sloven has only one
mission, and that is to excite our loath
ing and disgust. But alas for those who
depend upon personal charms for their1
happiness! Beauty is such a subtlef
thing; it does not seem to depend upon
facial proportions, or upon the sparkle
of the eye, or upon the fiush of the
cheek. You sometimes find it among
irregular features. It is the soul shin
ing through the face that makes one
beautiful. But ala& for those who de
pend upon mere pereonal charms. They
will come to disapyintment and to a
great fret. There are 'a many different
opinions about what are~ personal charms
and then sickness and trouble and age
do make such ravages. The poorest god
that a woman ever worships is her own
face. The saddest sight in all the world
is a woman who has built everything on
good looks when the charms begin to
vanish. Oh, how they try to cover the
wrinkles and hide the ravages of time!
When Time, with ironshod feet, steps on
a face the hoof marks remain, and you
cannot hide them. It is silly to try to.
hide them. I think the most repulsive
fool in the world is an old fool!
"Again, I advise you not to depend
for happiness upon the fistteries of men.
It is a poor compliment to your sex that
so many men feel obliged in your pres
ence to offer unmeaning compliments.
Men capable of elegant and cleborate
conversation elsewhere, sometimes feel
called upon at the door of the drawing
room to drop their common sense and to
dole out sickening flatteries. They say
things about your dress, and about your
appearance, that you know and they
immw em false They say yon are an
angel. You know you are not. De
termined to tell the truth in office, and
store, and shop, they consider it honor
able to lie to a woman. The same thing
that they told you on this side of the
drawing room three minutes ago they
said to some one on the other side of the
drawing room. Oh, let no one trample
on your self-respect. The meanest thing
on which a woman can build her happi
ness is the flatteries of men.
"Again, I charge you not to depend
for happiness upon the discipleship of
worldliness. I have seen men as vain of
their old-fashioned and their eccentric
hat as your business fop is proud of his
dangling fooleries. Iam glad the world
is improving. Look at the fashion
plates of the seventeenth and eighteenth
centuries and you will find that the
world is not so extravagant and extra
ordinary now as it was then, and all the
marvelous things that the granddaughter
will do will never equal that done by the
grandmother, Go still farther back, to
the Bible times, and you will find that
in those times fashion wielded a more
"All the splendors and the extrava
ganza of this world dyed into your robe
and flung over your shoulder cannot
wrap peace around your heart for a sin
gle moment. The gayest wardrobe will
utter no voice of condolence in the day
of trouble and darkness. That woman
is grandly dressed, and only she, who is
wrapped in the robe of a Saviour's
righteousness. The home may be very
humble, the hat may be very plain, the
frock may be very coarse; but the halo
of Heaven settles in the room when she I
wears it, and the faintest touch of the
resurrection angel will change that gar
ment into raiment exceeding white, so
as no fuller on earth could whiten it.
"I come to you, young women, to-day
to say that this world cannot make you
happy. I know it is a bright world,
with glorious sunshine, and golden
rivers, and fire-worked sunset, and bird
orchestra, and the darkest cave has its
crystals, and the wrathiest wave its foam
wreath, and the coldest midnight its
flaming aurora; but God will put out all
these lights with the blast of His own
nostrils, and the glories of this world
will perish in the final conflagration.
You will never be happy until you get
your sins forgiven and allow Christ
yesus to take full possession of your
soul. He will be your friend in every
perplexity. He will be your comfort in
every trial. He will be your defender
in every strait. His word is peace. His
look is love. His hand is help. His
touch is life. His smile is heaven. Oh,
Dome, then, in flocks and groups."
THE NATIONAL CONVENTION.
It Will be Held at St. Louis-Flow the'
Choice Was Made.
WASHINGTON, Febrnary 23.-The Dem
ocratic committee reassembled at 10.30
Voting for the city in which to hold
the convention was taken up at once.
The first ballot this morning, Chicago
stood 16, San Francisco 17, St. Louis
13, New York 1. After the first ballot
the motion to reconsider the time of the
3onvention was defeated by a vote of 23
On the third ballot St. Louis was se
lected. When the result was announced
the selection was made unanimous. The
vote by States on the third ballot, before
the vote was made unanimous, was:
For St. Louis-Arkansas, Connecticut,
Delaware. Florida, Indiana, Kentucky,
[ouisiana, Maryland, Massachusetts,
tissouri, South Carolina, Tennessee,
texas, Vermont, Virginia, West Vir
inia, Dakota, District of Columbia,
.ontana and Washington Territory.
For Chicago-Alaba, Colorado, Illi
ois, Iowa, Maine, Michigan, Minne
ota, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New
ersey, North Carolina, Pennsylvania,
Rhode Island, Wisconsin, New Mexico,
Jtah and Wyoming.
For San Francisco-California, Geor
ia, Montana, Oregon, Arizona, Idaho.
For New York-Nevada and New
Before the result of the vote could be
mnounced delegates' commenced chang
ing votes, and finally Goudy, of Illinois,
who was S. C. Judd's substitute, moved
that the vote be made nnanimous, which
was done. A motion to recgnsider the
ate was made by Mr. Scott and carried
by a vote of 26 to 19, Texas being ab
sent and Prather, of Missouri, not vot
ing. A motion to fix the date on June
5th was made by Mr. McDonald, of In
diana, and carried by a vote of 29 to 27;
others not voting. Those States voting
against the change were Arkansas, Colo
rado, California, Connecticut, Florida,
Georgia, Oregon, Rlhode Island, Texas,
Virginia, West Virginia, Arizona, Riaho,
Montana, Washington Territory, Louisi
ana and Missouri.
The National Committee will meet on
the th June.
TEE~ CALn FOB THE oO~vENTION.
The following is the call:
The National Democratic Committee
having met in the city of Washington on
the 22d day of February, 1888, has ap
pointed Tuesday, the 5th day of June
next, at noon, as the time and chosen
the city of St. Louis as the place for
holding the National Democratic Con
vention. Each State is entitled to rep
resentation therein equal to doable the
number of its Senators and Riepresenta
tives in the Congress of the United
States, and each Territory and the Dis
trict of Columbia to have two delegates.
All Democratic conservative citizens of
the United States, irrespective of past po
lticl associations and differences, who
can unite with us in the effort for a pure,
economical and constitutional Govern
ment are cordially invited to join us in
sending delegates to the Convention.
FREDEmICK 0. PmRNCE,
Secretary National Dem. Committee.
Comments onl the Choice.
(Special to the News and Courier.)
\vasmIsCTON, February 23.-The ac
tion of the National Democratic Commit
tee to-day means that the policy of the
Democratic party in the coming election
campaign will be aggressive rather than
defensive, and that tax reduction will be
fought for on the lines plainly marked
out in the President's recent message.
Late last night it was determined to
make an effort to obtain a reconsidera
tion of the action of the national com
mittee yesterday in making July 3 the
date of the Convention. It wasthe gen
eral indgmnt that the time was more
important than the place, and this
proved the key of the situation. Con
siderable missionary work was accom
plished in the small hours of the morn
ing, and when the committee met to-day
it was pretty sure that St. Louis would
be the chosen city and the Democratic
Convention would meet before June 15,
the day on which the Republican Con
vention will assemble at Chicago.
This solution of the dilliculty was re n
dered easier by the fact that the objec
tions to San Francisco on the score of
distance grew stronger as they were pon
dered. Senator Gorman's appeal to the
supporters of San Francisco to join him
in voting for a more accessible place and
the subsequent withdrawal of Chicago,
gave St. Louis an easy victory. Indeed,
when Mr. W. L. Scott and those who
had voted with him for Chicago went
over to St. Louis, the result was certain.
The motion to reconsider was carried by
a iound majority, though Maryland,
Geogia,-Virginia, California, Florida
and Coloiado continued to oppose any
change of date. By a rather larger ma
jority June 5 was then selected as the day
for the Democratic gathering.
NO OPPOSITION TO CLEvELAD.
The current report that the vote on
the date yesterday had been regarded as
a defeat of the Administration, was al
luded to during the session of the com
mittee, but on every side there was the
earnest declaration that no such mean
ing could properly be given to the com
mittee's action. Mr. Gorman was esp;
dially emphatic in announcing himself
to be "an Administration m:.n," and
every committeeman who had voted for
a July meeting spoke in the same strain.
THE TARIFF QUESTION.
It is safe to conclude that every mem
ber of the national committee is for
Cleveland, first and last, bat several
members representing States that are not
Democratic, but which must be carried
to ensure success in Novembcr, think
that the President went too far, and was
unnecessarily definite in his tariff mes
sage. They preferred, therefore, to
await some tcriillcgislation by the House
of Representatives, with the idea, appar
ently, that this action won!d uot cut as
deep as the President's re.,inienda
tions. The national platform cunld then
be brought to its level.
Those who, on the other hand, accept
the President's message, as the,, Lighting
proved, believe that the National Can
vention can and will bring the Demo
crats in Congress to a more lilera'stand
ard of tax redaction th-an can be expect
ed if the party remain deaf nd dumb
until the time for Congressional work
sha have passed.
The high tariff Denmeciats in the com
mittee voted generally for a State Con
vention, while the low tarii members
voted for an early reeting. This is the
explantion of the existencc of what has
been denominated the Administration
and Anti-Administration sentiment in
This view is streugthened by the terms
of the telegram of Mayor Faneis, of 6t.
Louis, to President Cleveland.
COMMENT ON THE CHOICE.
Both the day and place are well spoken
of by infiuential Demiocrats to-night.
June is regarded as a better time than
July for the meeting of the Convention,
and it is felt that the party in power acts
wisely in taking the offensive, without
waiting upon the movements of its op
ONLY A MISUNDERSTANDING.
Then again there is a feeling of a relief
that whatae understood to be the views of
the President ca ziot even be said to
have been disregarded. I am assured by
the leaders of the July party that they
would cheerfully have deferred 'at once
to the wishes of the President if these
iad been made known to them in time,
nd that the whole business could then
iave been disposed of in fifteen minutes.
But all's well that ends well. There is
no soreness anywhrc and no heart
A HARD FIGHT AHEAD.
The one thought now is to arrange
and conduct the canvass so that Mr.
Cleveland shall be his own successor. It
will be a hard fight, and no mere walk
over, whoever the Republican candidate
shall be, there is no doubt of that.
F. w. D.
Education In the State.
It is a significant fact that nineteen
cts were passed this last session of the
Legislature establishing special school
districts and authorizing the levy and
collection of local taxes for school pur
poses. It is evidence of a growing con
viction among the people of the State,
that in our present condition it is the
only way by which eflicient schools ecn
be maintained in each community. This
is but the pioneer movement which will,
before many years result in a system of
eficient free common schools in every
school district in the State. The neces
sity for the education of the masses is so
urgent, and the great good that results
therefrom in our moral, social, political
and material advancement so evident,
that prejudice and old fogyism may stay
its progress for a time, but these move
ments never go backward, and those who
oppose them as a rule, become their
most zealous supporters.-Darlington
We are prepared to s(11 Pianos and
Organs of the best make at factory
pres for Cash or easy Instalments.
Pianos from $210 up; Organs from $24
up. The verdict of the people is that
they can save the freight and twenty-five
per cent, by buying of us. Instruments
delivered to any depot on fifteen days'
trial. We pay freight both ways if not
satisfactory. Order and test m your
own homes. Respectfully,
N. W. TRUMP,
* Columbia, S. C.
Monmouth, Illinois, was startled by a
terrific roar or explosion Wednesday
night, which was perceptibly felt to jar
the walls and windows of many buildings
in the city. The sky was lit up by what
seems to have been a monster meteor.
The meteor passed the place with light
ning rapidity, and the explo.ion took
place shortly after. Reports from
neighboring towns show that they all
experienced the same sensations as to
the shock and the flight of the visitor,
but whither it went is not yet known.
When we have done our best we should
wait the result in peace.
TIIE END OF TIE WAR.
L.APERS THAT RECALL THE DOWN
FALL OF THE CONFEDERACY.
General Lee's Farewell to the Army of
Northern Virginia-The Sherman-John
The Prosperity Reporter has procured
from an old soldier copies of the papers
relating to the closing scenes of the War
between the States. They will be read
Lee's Farewell to His Troops.
EADQUARTERS ARM NoRTaRN VA.,
^.pril 10, 1865.
GENERAL ORDERS, I
After four years of hard service, mark
'd by unsurpassed courage and fortitude,
the Army of Northern Virginia has been
compelled .to yield to overwhelming
numbers and resources. I need not tell
the brave survivors of so many hard
fought battles, who have remained stead
fast to the last, that I have consented to
this resuit from no distrust of them; but
feeling that valor and devotion could
accomplish nothing that would compen
sate for the loss that must have attended
the continuance of the contest, I deter
mined to avoid the useless sacrifice of
those whose past services have endeared
them to their countrymen.
By the terms of agreement, officers
and men can return to their homes and
there remain until exchanged. You will
take with you the satisfaction that pro
ceeds from the consciousness of duty
fsithf ully performed; and I earnestly
pray that a merciful God will extend His
blessing to your country, and with a
grateful remembrance of your kind and
generous consideration for myself, I bid
you all an affectionate farewell.
R. E. LEE, General.
Agreement between Sherman andJohnston
HEADQUARTERS MIL. Div. OF THE MIsS.
In the Field, Raleigh, N. C.,
April 27, 1865.
SrscAL FIELD ORDER,
The General Commanding announces
a further suspension of hostilities, and a
final agreement with General Johnston,
which terminstes the war as to the
armies under his command, and the
country east of the Chattahoochee.
Copies of the terms of conve.tion will
be furnished Major Generals Schofield,
Gillmore and Wilson, who are specially
charged with the execution of its details
in the Department of North Carolina,
Department of the South, and at Macon
and Western Georgia.
Capt. Jasper Myers, Ordinance Dept.
U. S. A., is hereby designated to receive
the arms, &c., at Greensboro, and any
commanding officer of a post may re
ceive the arms of any detachment and
see that they are properly stored and ac
General Schofield will procure at once
the necessary blanks, and supply the
Army Commanders, that uniformity may
prevail, and great care must be taken
that the terms and stipulations on our
part be fulfilled with the most scrupu
lous fidelity, whilst those imposed on
our hitherto enemies be received in a
spirit becoming a brave and generous
Army Commanders may at once loan
to the inhabitants such of the captured -
mules, horses, wagons, and vehicles as
can be spared from immediate use, and
the Commanding Generals of Armies
may issue provisions, animals, and any
public supplies that can be spared, to
relieve present wants, and to encourage
the inhabitants to renew their peaceful
pursuits, and to restore the relations of
frlendship among our fellow-citizensand
Foraging will forthwith cease, and
when necessity or long macesme
the taking of forage, provisions or any
kind of private property, compensation
will be made on the spot, or, when the
disbursing officers are not provided with
fndsa, vouchers will be given in proper'
form, payable at the nearest Military
By order of
Maj. Gen. W. T. SHREn'&.
M. Daas~roN, A. A. General.
H EDQUATERS ABMYr TENNESSEE,
Near Greensboro, N. C., Apiil 27, '65.
By the terms of a military convention
made on the 26th inst., by Major Gen.
W. T. Sherman, U. S. A., and Gen. J.
E. Johnston, C. S. A., the offieers and
men of this army are to bind themselves
not to take up arms against the United
States until properly relieved from that
obligation, and shall receive guarantees
from the United States officers against
molestation by the United States author
ities so long as they observe that obliga
tion and the laws in force where they
For there objects duplicate muster
rolls will be made out immediately, and
after the distribution of the necessary
paers, the troops will be marched un
der their ofi.:ers to their respective
States, and there be disbanded, all re
taining privfate property.
The object of this convention is paci
ication to the extent of the authority of
the commanders who made it. Events
in Virginia which broke every hope of
success by war, imposed on its General
the duty of sparing the blood of our.
gallant soldiers and saving our country
from further devastation and ruin.
J. E. JOHNSTON, General.
Truly this is an age of progress. Well
made pants from all woolen goods for
only .3 to your own measure! Scientific
blanks, 25 samples of cloth and a linen
tape measure are sent to any address for
6 eents in stamps by the N. Y. Standard
Pants Co., of 66i University Place, N. Y.
City. Goodis sent by mail. This firm
is doing an enormous business from
Maine to Califvmia. You will actually
be surprised at the result, if you wil
The Young Men's Democratic Club of
Massachusetts have voted to unite with
similar organizitions in New York and
Brooklyn in calling on youthful follow
ers of the party all over the country to
organize. A convention of delegates
from these clubs will follow. This is
following the lead of the other fellows.
The club idea is being greatly exalted in