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THE REPUBLIGANS MOVING.
MEETLNG OF THEIR LEADING LIGHTS
AState Convention Called-Plans for Gather
ing the Faithful into the Fold-Brayton's
(From the Columbia Daily Record, March G.)
A meeting was held this afternoon that a
few years ago would have fraught with
great interest to the people of South Caro
It was no less or no more a thing than
the meeting of the State Executive Com
mittee of the Republican Party of South
Carolina. The morning trains brought in
a number of somewhat mysterious, but
familiar looking personage whose coming
was unexpected to the common, everyday,
ordinary,. casual man about town. A
RECORD reporter soon scented music in the
air, and casting about. for the organ and
its performers discovered them in the office
of Mr. E .M. Brayton, in the Central Bank
building, januis claus-s and not even a key
hole to crawl through or a loquacious ser
geant-at-arms to "pump."
By dint of asiduous inquiring and the
assumption of an innocent air, which he
carries with him fcr such occasions, the
reporter obtained a few pointers and is en
abled to state what was done up to the time
of going to press.
THE PERSONNEL OF THE PARTY.
The "make up" of the committee was
:ery striking, there being present some of
the most noted Republicans in the State
men whose names have been bruited about
in more or less pleasant or unpleasant man
ner. The meeting was presented over by
Mr. E. . Brayton, and Mr. John A. Barre
was in the secretary's chair. In the fol
lowing list there will be recognized the
leading Republicans of South Carolina:
E. M. Brayton, W. J. Whipper, W. D.
Crum, T. B. Johnston, W. F. Myers, E.
A. Webster, S. W. Legare, Robert Smalls,
Paris Simpkins, W. N. Taft, T. J. Tuo
mey, F. L. Hicks, A. W. Curtis, John F.
Lopez; E. H. Hess, S. A. Swails, Z. E.
Walker' F. S. Edwards, J. P. Boyden.
THE cONVENTION TO BE IN MAY.
The meeting was called to order at 1
o'clock and some time was consumed in
the organization of the committee and the
proper accrediting of the delegates. After
some discussion it was decided to hold the
State Convention on the first Tuesday in
While -we go to press the committee is
still In session and no further acts are ob
tamable at present. The members will
leate the dty this afternoon.
SGNI'FIcANCE OF- THE MEETING.
It is impossible just now to draw any
conclusion touching the purpose of the
Republicans, as indicated by their starting
theirerganization at this time. Manifestly
they have no hope of carrying the State,
eitherthepational or the local fight. But
this weakness of their party does not im
pair their standing in the National Conven
tionT~South Carolina will have fourteen
votes Inibt Convention, notwithstanding
her fourteen electoral votes will assuredly
be castfor Cleveland. Then, again, if by
some:inhance the Republicans should
ele- their President the leaders in South
. Carolina will come in for a share of the
_ The eorpse is not a lively one.
- (Fom, the Columbia Daily Record, March .)
Before the appearance of THE RECORD
on the streets yesterday afternoon few per
-> ons were aware that the former lights of
the-old"Republican party had held a wake
in-this city over the political cadaver and
had chanted the resurrection appeal. The
thinn naof the corpse had not enabled it to
1castitesbadow before, and the party leaders
in addition to the account given yester
Kday somne other facts gained after the meet
ing will be of interest as indicating the why
and w~iefore of the rally, the present
~~olitical purposes of the party and their~ in
tentions as brought out yesterday.
RRAYTON ON BALLOTS.
Thecommittee~devoted considerable fime
to the discussion of a bill prepared by1r
B- atononthe suggestion of Senato il
lis;]!-Chndlrto regulate Federal elec
tiom n South Carolina. The proposed
b~isan ieffort to repeal the election laws
ottbe tate so far as they relate to Federal
-okcaand place' the machinery in-the con
trdi of Congress. This bill is accompanied
byaletter-from Mr. Brayton charging the
- Dmocacyof the State with having vir
tually difacie the negro. Among its
prcvasions are the following:
Thamthe aiew registration shall be inade
in mthouths of July and August, of 188$,
and thereafter in the same months in the
year of each successive general election for
a--.Rpeetatives in Congress.
ktvoters shall not be required to have
or d ce any'eertifieate of registration as
apreeuste or qualification to the right
That the regitration records shall be
public and the l'st of voters published in a
county newspaper at the county's expense.
That a change of residence within the
county shall not defeat the right of an
elector to vote for Representatives in Con
That four commissioners of election shall
be appointed by the Governor, two from
each of the two principal, political parties,
these "commissioners to appoint four man
agrs at-each election precinct,.also equally
divided between the two parties.
That the ballots be marked or stamped
by the managers, and only such shall be
It is further provided that imprisonment
for non payment of poll tax shall not in
chide Congressional election day, and that
"all Acts or parts of Acts of the United
States and of the State of South Carolina
inconsistent with this Act be -thereby re
pealed, annulled and declared of no effect."
The committee arranged to bring - this
matter prominently before -the party all
over the State and to agitate it elsewhere as
much as possible.
"BANDs ALL ROT-ND"
The menu included a thorough party
reconciliation. The differences of 1884 be
tween Messrs. Brayton and Taft, touchingt
the State chairmanship, were healed by
nanimous consent and it was resolved that
henceforth they should joir: forces and that
the organization, or whatisieft of it, should
be solid against the Democrats.
WILL MAKE NO sTATE TICKET.
While the committee took no action as
to running a State ticket it is evident that
they are not in favor of such a course.
The party will confine itself to the fight
fot the electoral ticket, to one or two Con
gressional tickets, and to a few counties
where the heavy negro majority holds out
some~ promise of success.
THE sTATE CONTENTION,
As before reported, will be held on the
first of May, and the delegates thereto will
be chosen by the county conventions some
time during this month. A denunciation
of the present State election laws will be a
prominent feature of these conventions.
SHERMAN THEIR FRIEND AND CROICE.
The committee expressed themselves as
unequivocally in favor of John Sherman
for Prsdent. His views on the Southern
question are regarded by thema as especially
just to Is party in this section, and they
think him one their ablest men. Several
members of the committee have held offices
under Sherman and'- they believe in sup
"w ILL sTRENGTHEN THE PARTY."
The committee believe in the sincerity of
Blaine's withdrawal from the Presidential
race and look upon it as agood thing, cal
culated to relieve the National Convention
of embarrassment and to strengthen the
SLAVE MXARTS DEMfOLISHED.
Evidences of the Old Order of Things
Workmen have begun the demolition
of probably the most historic building
in Nashville, that known as the old slave
mart, on the southwest corner of Cherry
and Cedar streets, in order to begin the
erection of a large block, which will
comprise a hotel, stores and offices..
The buildings extend from the old
Freedmen's bank building, on Cedar
street, to the corner of Cherry street,
and thence up Cherry to the alley. This
block is an old landmark, having been
erected-away bask in the thirties. Since
the war the corner has not borne the
best reputation, as several very serious
affrays have occurred' there, and at times
a portion of the block wr-s used as a dive
by rough characters. Many a raid has
been made by the officers on the dens
located in the block. The block is his
toric,*beeause used as a slave mart be
fore the war. In the rear of the build
ing there is a high brick wall enclosing a
court where the slaves used to exercise
and where they were exhibited to pur
chasers. The iron bars are still on some
of the doors, and the windows bear evi
dence of the character of the building.
The main auction room opened out on
Cedar street. This, however, has been
divided into small stores. There was,
in olden times, two other slave marts
one on Cedar, between Cherry street and
the public square. This has been torn
away and all evidence of it destroyed.
The other one was on the corner of
Cherry and Deadwick streets, and tl:h
high wall that surrounded the court now
"We welcome every success in the
construction of a cotton factory in the
South. The world is not yet half
clothed, and there is work enough for
us all in providing the cloth. The won
derful supplies of your oak bark will
draw to you the hides for tanning,
whether you will or no, until through
the diversity even of agricultural labor,
which is born of liberty, your home sup
ply of hides will make you exporters of
finished leather, besides supplying your
own wants. Ofwhat should we build
our factories except we had the abund
ant supply of Southern pine? Your
wealth of hard-wood timber compels you
to develop all the arts of the wood
worker, sending the partly-finished ma
terial for the present to the North to be
completed. And you will have to send
till the men in the work, shops of the
South have learned the fine art which
accompanies the comprehension of the
difference between a cent and a nickel.
The factory, the mine and the -metal
works have their true place, but their
importance must not be exaggerated.
The collective work which can be carried
on by the factory principle of great sab
division of labor and by the bringing
together of large numbers of people un
der one roof or under one control now
gives occupation to less than one in ten
of all those who are occupied for gain in
this country, the workers numbering
about one in every three of the popula
tion. The other nine work with brain
or hand where the work is to be done,
and each one depends on his own per
sonal capacity for his success. The
product of the dairy exceeds that of any
single branch of the textile industry, and
it is nearly equal to that of the whole.
The value of the hens' eggs consumed
every year in the United States is great
er than that of pig iron. We must main
tain the true balance of power in indus
try, as in polities and in the science of
government. To these lesser arts chief
attention should.be given in a country
which has been so long devoted almost
exclusively to some of the cruder pro
ducts of agricuture."-Edward Atkin
son in -The South. _
CHABLSrox, S. C., Masrch 7.-J. H.
Bond, Mrs. Julia Bond, J. 0. Bond, Dr.
L. M. Shafer and his son, R. E. L.
Shafer, with others, were arrested here
to-day upon the charge of defrauding
the supreme council of the Royal
Templars of Temperance out of $20,000,
by feigning the death of John 0. Bond,
who is really alive. Mrs. Bond and
John 0. Bond were discharged from
custody upon swearing that their names
on all of the papers are forgeries. Dr.
Shafer and son, J. A. Robinson,. and J.
A. Robinson, Jr., were also arrested on
the charge of defrauding the same or
gaiztion out of $20,000 by certifying
-to the death of the flctitious John B.
Lya. Dr. Shafer and son and John
H. Bond were committed to jail in de
fault of bail. The Robinsons are out on
bail in both cases. Dr. James P. Bond
and Thomas Bond, who figured in the
Dudley case, are also indicted. The
conspiracy is one of the most remarkable
ever known in this State.
'Eva Aorris, the woman who played
"Mrs. Lyman" in the fraud practiced by
the Bonds of Charleston, to get insuranCe
money on the life of one Lyman. has made
a full confession. The two Bond brothers
and Dr. Shafifer have been arrested in
Charleston, and Morris is in jail in Green
ville. Other developments are expected.
A PREAVHER, (URED OF DYSPEPSIR.
MIccosrEE, FLA., Leon Co., July 20,
1886.-I have been a sufferer from indi
gestion and dyspepsia for a long time,
and have tried many remedies, but until
I was induced by my friends to try your
B. B. B. received no relief, but since
using it have found more relief and com
fort than from any other treatment I
have used. Hoping you will forward t-o
my address your little 32-page book for
prescription also evidence of cures.
Send at earliest date. Rev RoB'T C.
IT GIVES SATKsFACTION.
Onrazna, Fna., June 1st, 18'.
We have been selling Botanic Blood
Balm ever since it first came before the
public. We sell more of it than any
other blood purifier in the market, and
it gives perfect satisfaction.
J. H. MEGGS5 & Co.,
Retail and Wholesale Dealers in Bo
tanic Blood Bann.
Dreadful Death of a Little Boy.
A very .sad and distressing accident oc
curred on the South Carolina railway about
10 o'clock yesterdany morning, while the
morninir train from Columbia was ou its
way to'Charleston. The train was runuing'
very fast to make up lost time and had
reached-a point about seven miles est of
Orangeburg, when the engineer noticed a
lot of sheep on the track. Not knowing
that there was anybody on the track, the
engineer did not stop, thinking, that the
sheep would get out of the way.
When they cleared off the track a little
child was 'discovered between the rails
playing in the sand. The distance was
too short to stop the train, and the child
was run over andl killed, being literally torn
to pieces by the train. The train was
brought to a stop as soon as possible and
was backed to the scene of the accident,
where the dead child, a tender boy, three
years old, was found in the tender arms of
its mother, whose grief was terrible to wit
ness, and moved even the roughest of the
passengers to pity.
The child was the son of Mr. J. T. Rlob
inon a well-tn-rdn pnnter on the roadside.
THrEY COULDN'T TRADE.
I met a maid on yon hillside,
And she was fair to see:
"Give me a kiss, fair maid." I cried;
"Give me a gift," said she.
"A gift within a purse I have,
The purse is in a pack:
The pack In keeping lieth safe
On my good charger's back.
"And my good charger cometh not
While on the hill I roam;
He lieth in his stall, I wot
My charger is at home."
"And yet thuu'dst have a kiss, good sir:
My lips would give it thee,
But they are locked full fast, good sir
My mother has the key.
"And my good mother is not here,
While on the hill I roam:
Just as your trusty steed, good sir,
My mother is at home."
A clean shirt is not a bad bosom friend
"Put up and shut up"-The stoves and
A sweeping statement-That ancient one
about the new broom.
The critics who expect warmth and color
in instrumental music should study the
A philosopher is a man who may think
a great deal, but who never seems to do
"This is a cold, backward spring," said
the man whose feet had just shot from
under him on a slippery sidewalk.
Some thoughtlessly overload the horse,
and then wonder when the education thus
given developes an obstinate, balky animal.
The number of women who care to vote
is about equal to the number of men who
like to put the baby to sleep.
"Do you love me?" "With all my soul.
I swear it." "Nay, do not swear. Speak
it into the phonograph, and that will be
There is a question about the validity of
a marriage by telephone, but we should
think any level-headed judge would decide
that it is a "sound" proposal.
How to make a fortune as a journalist
Go into some other business and exercise
your journalistic talent by telling people
privately how a newspaper out to be run.
There are in the Sunday-shools of the
Christian world 16,447,990 scholars, 1,952,
167 teachers, making a grand total of 1S,
You see. the trouble with "success" that
is too dearly bought is that you have got
to go on associating with yourself after you
have attained it.
"There is another fashionable institution
that should be sat on," said the lecturer on
hygiene, "and that is the bustle." And
every lady in the audience gave vent to an
Married men are preferred as officers on
the police force. The authorities want
men who have their couraged tried and
If the sudden changes in the weather af
feet you disagreeably, it is no less un
pleasant for your animals to endure. Make
them as comfortable as possible.
Oysters do not claim to be the lords of
creation, and yet they are probably served
in more ways and by more people than any
other living creature.
Young writers in preparing their manu
script should leave plenty of space between
the lines. The world would net suffer
much if many of them should make it all
Tobacco stems are now being used in
making paper; on the principle, we suppose
that turn about is fair play, all the straw
and old rags having been utilized long ago
in the manufacture of cigarettes.
A man who wanted to be facetious with
the milkman as he was measuring out his
morning portion said. "Do you charge
extra for the water?" "No," replied the
milkman; "the water is thrown in."
Wife-Now this is the third time I've
caught you in the kitchen talking to the
cok. Husband-Yes. I-I believe it is.
Wife-Well, the very next time I catch
you talking to the cook I'll discharge her
-and do the cooking myself!
"Did you enjoy the opera last night,
inquired his wife. "Not much," he an
swered: "I was lonesome, and was sorry I
was detained at the office so late that I
hadn't time to come for you. This going
alone to the theatre isn't what it's cracked
up to be, my dear." "No, I suppose not,"
returnedl the lady, thoughtfully. "Still
you must have been very comfortable,"
she added, as the two ticket stubs I found
in your vest pocket gave you the advantage
of morc than one seat."
wHAT LACK WE YET?
When Washington was president,
As cold as any icicle,
He never on a railroad went,
And never rodek a bicycle.
He read by no electric-lamp,
Nor heard about the Yellowstone;
He never licked a postage-stamp,
And never saw a telephone.
His trousers ended at his knees;
By wire he could not words dispatch;
lie filled his lamp with whale-oil grease,
And never had a match to scratch.
But in these days it's come to pass,
All work is with such dashing done,
We'e all these things-but then, alas!
We seem to have no Washington.
PIANOS AND ORtGANS.
We are prepared to sell Pianos and
Organs of the best make at factory
prices for Cash or easy Instalments.
Pianos from $210O up; Organs from $24
up. The verdict of the people is that
they can save the freight and twenty-five
per cent. by buying of us. Instruments,
delivered to any depot on fifteen days'
trial. We pay freight both ways if not
satisfactory. Order and test in your
own homes. Respectfully,
N. W. TRUM1P,
Columbia, S. C.
George Fare, the Virginma pilot who was
carriedI off from Norfolk by a British yessel
bvading arrest, has returned home. He
says he was well treated. The owners of
the vessel have written a letter to the Amer
ican consul at Liverpool saying that their
cptain did not intentionally evade arrest
and they regret the incident.
The Atlanta board of aldermen have
killed a measure for free books to public
shools. The measure was passed through
council by a vote of the anti-prohibition
ists, but opposed by the prohibitionists be
caue books were to be purchased with
money rece'ive'd from whisky licenses. The
prhiitionists carried their point.
Scretary Fairchild, in his report sub
mxitted to Congress early in December, esti
'ted that the treasury surplus would
rtmeh $140,000,000 by the end of the pres
ent fiscal year. It is now stated at the
y1reauiy tDepartment that owing to heavy
receilis during the past few months the
stiate then submitted will prove too
small, and that the surplus at the end of
June, 1888, will probably reach $155,000,
The Lutheran Church in the T'nited
States is growing at a rapid rate. It num
ler~s 4.234 ministers and 1,000,000 commu
nicant members. The census of 1880 gave
the United States a Lutheran population of
',,5)0,0j0 souls and in an article published
y Rev. Dr. Jacobs, of Philadelphia, last
week, he sets forth the statistics of 5,000,
000 souls. The Church has doubled her
tnembership every fourteen years, and is
now third in strength among the Protest
RIVERS AND HARBORS.
Captain BIxby's Vlewa an to the Benefits Con
ferred by the ier and Harbor Works.
WrrarrNCo0N, N. C., March 3, 1888.
Editor COLUMim.A RECORD:
SmR:-I enclose you an article on the
subject of the governmental improvement
of the North and South Carolina rivers and
harbors in my charge.
A perusal of these few lines will, I am
sure, convince you of the value of such
work to your State, your neighborhood,
and even to every indivual living in the
vicinity of such streams.
If my views on the subject should ap
pear to you as sound, will it not be for the
mutual interests of yourself, your followers,
your fellow citizens and your State, that
these views should be strongly upheld and
even urged by you and them? Is not the
creation of a strong public opinion in your
locality the best means of bringing your
influential and leading men to see the mat
ter in its true light?
Hoping that the improvement of your
rivers and harbors, and that through it the
development of your neighborhood and
State, will receive from you the hearty
support merited by the results as shown in
my letter, I iemain, very respectfully,
your obedient servant W. II. Btxu~r
Captain of Engineers, U. S. A.
(From the Wilmington Review.)
UNITED STATES ENGINEER OFFICE,
IVILMINGToN, N. C., April 2:3, 1887.
EDITOR DAILY REv:Ew-At your re
quest I send you a few lines concerning
he benefits to North and South Carolina
caused by the governmental improvement
of their :ivers and harbors.
Few people realize the advantageous
commercial, agricultural, and colonizing
effects produced by the governmental iun
provement of rivers and harbors of the
United States, and especially of the South
Atlantic and Gulf States.
The rivers and creeks of the South At
lantic and Gulf States are, as a rule,
streams of gentle slope, considerable length
and moderate depth, obstructed mainly by
sunken logs, snags, and fallen or overhang
ing trees. Were these latter obstructions
thoroughly removed (usually readily done
at a comparatively small cost) these rivers
and creeks would at once appear in their
true role of natural and economical navi
gable waterways, similar to and rivaling
the artificial and more expensive canals of
the Northern and Middle States. As soon
as one of these streams is opened to com
merce, the reduction in freight charges is
so considerable as to encourage the rapid
development of such towns as are already
in existence along its length; and the cer
tainty and cheapness of its freighting and
traveling facilities authorize the establish
ment of continuous and extended settle
ments all along its banks over large areas
of good land, until then so deprived of
transportation facilities that the sale of
tarm products would not even pay the ex
penses of their transport to the nearest
market. More than this, the removal of
obstructions from the bed and banks of the
stream facilitates the free movement of
water in the stream and aids so greatly :he
natural drainage of the river bottoms and
other adjacent lands, that land until then
malarious and sickly becomes fit for habita
tion and culture.
In this way, we readily see that the gov
ernmental improvement of such rivers and
habors not only increases the existing com
merce of such water ways, but improves
the drainage, culture, value and health of
the adjacent lands, builds up the existing
towns and encourages the settlement of
previously unoccupied lands. In no other
way can so small an expenditure of pub:ic
money produce such valuable resul's in the
developement of the country at large.
As an example of this good work, let us
look at the results obtained in the States of
North and South Carolina durirg the last
On the Trent River, N. C., since 1879,
about $42,000 has been spent in opening up
about 40 miles of river, reducing freights
by from 25 to 75 per cent, rendering ma
rine insurance unnecessary, and increasing
the commerce by $250,000 per year thus
showing a development of $6 of annual
commerce for each dollar once spent by
On the Contentnia Creek, N. C., since
1881, about $25,000 has been spent in open
ing up about 30 miles of river, reducing
freights by from 12 to 50 per cent. and
building up a commerce of $400,000 per
year, thus showing a development of $25
of annual commeice for each dollar onc~e
spent by the Government. Besides this
two towns on the creek bank have nearly
doubled in population and property, and
the whole river basin shows marked gains
in settlement and prosperity.
On the Pamlico and Tar Rivers, N. C.,
since 1S8, about $56,000 has been spent in
opening up about 60 miles of river, reduc
ing freights by from 12 to 23 per cent. and
increasing the commerce by $1,8000,000
per year, thus showing a development of
$30 of annual commerce for cach dollar
once spent by the Government. Besides
this, thie town of Washington, N. C., has
increased 25 per cent. in population and
property, and the town of .Greenville has
increased from 912 population and $260,
000 real estate in 1880 up to 2,500 popula
tion and $600,000 real estate in 1886; the
development of both these places since 1876
being almost entirely due to the river im
On the Neuse River, N. C., since 1878,
about $209,000 has been spent in opening
Beneft of Rirer and Harbor Improremnen
NAME OF RIVER OR HARnOR.~
Trent River, N. C..- - 1S79 S8
Contentnia Creek, N. C. . I.181 ii
Pamlico and Tur Rivers, N. C. 1870 11
Neuse River, N. C. .- - - 87
Cape Fear River, above Wilm'n. 1881 0
Waccamaw River, S. C. . .180
Great Pee Dee River, S. C. .1880 7:
Totals . . . .
Average .. ..-.-.-....
1. The two towns on the river bank
have nearly doubled in population and
2. The town of Greenville, on this riyer.
has inreased from 912 population andI
$206,000 real estate in 1880 up to 2.50)5
population and 600,000) real estate in 1886:
almost entirely due to the river improve
3. The neighborhood of the river is stead
il gaining in settlenment and property
ulder the influence of better transportation.
On the recently commenced, but un
finished improvements of Wakeway, be
tween New Berne and Beaufort, N. (.,:
Beaufort Harbor, N. C.; Wakerway, be
tween Beaufort Harbor and New River, N.
C., (through Bogzue Sound), New River.
N. C.; Black River, N. C.; Geor etown
Harbor, S. C.; Winyahi Bay, S. C. ; antee
River to Winyahi Bay, S. C.: Santee River,
S. C.; Cape Fear River, N. C., below Wil
mington, the work is of too recent date or
not sufficiently advanced to have produced
the expected results.
On the improvements of Wateree River,
. Cr, an Cor ee Rier, S. C(L an ex-j
up about 70 miles of river, reducing
freights by from 25 to 75 per cent. (the
freight on cotton being 75 cents per bale,
where it was formerly $2.75 per bale by
wagon and rail), rendering marine insur
ance unnecessary, and increasing the com
merce by $1,700,000 per year, thus show
ing a development of $5 of annual com
merce for each dollar once spent by the
Government. Besides this, the whole river
basin is rapidly gaining in population and
On the inland waterway from Newbern
to Beaufort, N. C., at Beaufort Harbor,
N. C., on the inland waterway from Beau
fort Harbor, N. C., to New River, N. C.,
at New River, N. C., and on Black River,
N. C., the present indications are that the
completion of the present unfinished im
provements will give returns at least equal
to (if not exceeding) those of the preced
On the Cape Fear River, N. C., at and
below Wilmington, since 1829, about
$1.700.000 has been spent upon the im
provement of 20 miles of river, increasing
the available draft from 75 feet in 1729 up
to 16 feet in 1886, reducing greatly marine
freights and insurance, and increasing the
foreign commerce by $4,500,000 per year
since 1801, thus showing a development of
$6 of annual foreign exports for each dol
lar once spent by the Government during
the same period. The present develop
ment of the lower Cape Fear River means
the future development of all the State of
North Carolina and of many Western
States which will before long be forced to
send their commerce by ne.v and shorter
routes via North Carolina railroads and the
Cape Fear River to the ocean and foreign
On the Cape Fear River, N. C., above
Wilmington, since 1551, about $+65,000
has been spent in opening up 112 milies of
river, abolishing former tells, rede'!:fg
freights by about t: per cent., rendering
Marine insurance unnecessary. and iucreas
irg the commerce by $1,200,000 per year,
thus showing a development of $2s of an
nual commerce for each dollar once spent
by the Government.
On the Waccatnaw River, S. C.. since
1850, about $37.000 has been spent in open
ing up about 70 miles of river. reducing
freight, rendering marine insurance unne
cessary and increasing the commerce by
$1,200,000 per year, thus showing a devel
opment of $;30 of annual commerce for each
dollar once spent by the government.
On the Great Pt e Dee River, S. C., since
1880, about $28.o00 has been spent in open
ing up about 20 mile.s of river, reducing
freights by from 25 to GO per cent. (the
freight en cotton being now by liver 75
cents where it was formerly $1 75 by wagon
and rail), and increasing the commerce by
$1,000.000 per year, thus showing a devel
opment of :57 of annual commerce for
each dollar once spent by the Government.
Besides this, the neighborhood of the river
is steadily developing under the influence
of better transportation facilities.
At Lockwood's Folly Inlet, N. C., on
Lumber River, N. C.. Little Pee Dee River,
S. C , Clark's Creek, S. C., Black Mingo
River, S. C., Alligator Creek, S. C.,
streams already recommended for improve
ment by the Government; and at George
town Harbor, Winyah Bay, Santee River
outlet to Winyah Bay through Mosquito
Creek, waterways already under improve
ment by the Government, the present indi
cations are that the completion of the pres
ent recommended improvements will give
returns at least equal (if not superior) to
those of the preceding named waterways.
The speedy improvement of Winyah Bay
means a rapid increase in the development
of the Santee and Pee Dec river basins com
prising two-thirds of the entire State of
South Carolina: and a single immediate
outlay of $800,000 properly spent here
would undoubtedly quickly develop an
additional South Carolina commerce of
$8,000,000 per year.
On the Wateree River, S. C., since 1882,
about $29,000 has been spent in opening
up 61 miles of river. Nothing but the
obstructions offered by the S. C. R. R. and
the W., C. & A. R. R. bridges. (mainly the
S. C. R. R. bridget now deprive the adja
cent fertile lands of Kershawv and Richland
counties from the free transportation facili
ties to which they are justly entitled: and
nothing but the obstruction offered by these
bridges now prevents a developtment of
rver commerce (similar to that of the simi
larly situated Great Pee Dee River) which
will probably amount at once to at least
$>00,000 per y-ear.
On the'Congaree River. S. C., since 1880,
about $1.000 lias been spent in fairly open
ing up 47 miles of river. Nothing but the
obstructions offered by the S. C. R. R.
bridge now deprives the city of Columbia.
S. C., and adjacent river vaiTey of a free
water communication with the ocean ports
of Georgetown and Charleston; and nothing
but the obstructions offered by this bridge
now prevents a development of river com
merce (similar to that of the similarly sit
uated Great Pee Dee River) which will
probably amount at once to over $1,000.000
Although the above improvements have
already produced stuch good results in the
development of the country, these Improye
ments are today not more than half com
pleted; and there is every indication that
further improvement will be accompanied
by equtlly good results until the cost of
such improvement shall amount to fmlly
double what has been already spent by the
eneral government. W. IIL Boxn,
Captain of Engineers. U. S. Army.
(In chargee of the improvement of the
above described rivers.)
in 2Prth Carolina and .Karthern ,&>uth
DEn PRESENT I Hsuirs.
I ~ Development of~
5 2 merce.
-4) $4200'25 to 75 $250,00 uO6
20 :I4i 0012to 50 6000 00 17 1
.0 3000.0 1-2 to 25 i0 0)3
70 220,000 23 to 75 1~0 00~ :
112. 00,000 Abo utU 33 OO'
70 45,000 1-0 0 ~:
200 :37.000 2 to 00 1,600,000 4., 3
582 $5(. 00") 12~,50,000
83 7,42~ 33 1,830,)000 s'.
pe~cted developient of from $1,50,00 to~
:.0000 of river commerre is prevented
:ainly- by the bridge obstru-:!ions of the S.
C. R. It.: and on the improvements of
Lockwood's Follyv River. N. C.; Lumber
River, N. C.; Little Pee D~ee River, S. C.:
Clarks Creek, S. C.; Black Mingo, S. U.;
Alligator River, S. C..- the work though
recommended has not yet received any alp
priation from from Congress, but in all
cases the present indications are that the
completion of the improvements will give
returns at least equal, if not superior, to
those of the first descritied wa~terways.
The speedy improvement of Winyah B'ay
means a rapid increase in the development
of the Santee and Pee D~ee river basins
comprising two thirds of the entire State of
South Carolina, and a single immediate
otutlay of $800,000 properly spent here
wu!l undoubtedly qutickly develop an ad
additional South Carolina commerce of
$8,000,000 per year.
Captain of Engineers, U. S. A.
WI mn-rOn, N. C. February, 28. 1888.,
A REVOLUTIONART RELIC.
Discovery of Hidden Treasure That Has
Been Sought for Years.
Several thousand dollars in old gold
:oin in earthen pots were exhumed by
Lorenzo :nears, on his farm in Accomac
,ounty, Va., last week. A tradition in
the neighborhood says a large amount of
money was concealed on the farm during
the American revplution by its Tory
proprietor, who, having gone to England
luring the war, died there without fixing
the spot where he had buried themoney.
Not many years ago some of the de
scendants of the old Tory proprietor
came over here and spent several hun
dlred dollars in making excavations in a
fruitless search for the money. All the
ground around the old house was thrown
up and deep trenches were dug around
the yard, signs of which still remain. It
is said that these Englishmen brought
over with them an old negro who had
been a servant of the Revolutionary pro
prietor, and who professed to know
where his master had buried the money.
The Englishmen finally gave up the
search and went back to England.
Nothing mere was heard of the treas
ure until Mea s accidentally struck upon
it while plant.ng some fence post around
the yard. Mkars tried to keep the mat
ter a secret, 1 at a little boy who lives
with him welt to the neighboring vil
lage of Prngoteague and let the secret
out. He informed some persons there
that his "Uncle Renzie" now had piles
of money, having recently dug up an
iron pot full of gold and eilver which two
stout men could hardly. carry. Mears
will not talk about his find, but to-day
showed several gold coins to his neigh
bors. These coins are old English
money, some of them being stamped
with the image of Charles II., others
with that of George III.
The place where the treasure was
found was one of the oldest on the east
ern shore of Virginia. Two hundred and
fifty years ago it was seat of the Queen
of Nandua, an Indian beauty, who ruled
over the savage tribes that inhabited that
region. Near by is the burial ground of
the Nandua Indians. The creek has cut
away-the earth till many of the skeletons
are exposed to view, and as the bank
caves in from time to tima the bones fall
down into the water and drift with the
ebbing tide out into the bay. Some of
the skeletons are of giant size, and many
of them are buried in coffins that were
hewn out of solid logs. These whitening
skeletons, as they protrude from the side
of the cliff, present a ghastlypectscle.
Abstract of the tenth annual statement
of the condition of the Valley Mutual
Life Association of Virginia for the year
ending December 31, 1887, as filed with
the Comptroller General:
Bonds and Mortgages........81,764 18
Property (real and personal) 14,123 13
Furniture, &e .
Cash in National Valley Bank. 10,415 86
Cash in Offipe............... 577 76
Cash in hands of agents and i 14 213 41
in process of collection..
Total Assets ........... .$121,094 34
Individual Credits 1,261 56
Amt. due Female 324 85
Bills payable....... 4,000 00 $5,586 41
Net assets 31 Dec. 1887, $115,507 03
REcEIP'TS AND DISBURISEMENTS DURlING
Cash on hand Dec. 31, 1886. .$ 4,013 47
Premiums and Annuals re
ceived....... ....... 36,873 30
Interest on Redemption Fund
Advance payments by policy
holders.................. 6,933 76
Assessments. .. ... ... 238,720 67
Investments paid in by br
rowers.................. 13,012 69
Bills discounted from time to
time.................... 30,000 00
Aggregate Receipts in 1887, $334,362 34
Death lossespaid. .$229,288 08
Paid Agents.... .. 8,469 04
Advance payments 6,875 83
Salaries, taxes and
other expenses 35,737 11
Investments.. .. .. 1,000 00
Discounts. .. .... ..998 66
Bills payable from
time to time. .. . 41,000 00
Cash on hand De
cember 31, 1887, 10,993 62 $334,362 34
In closing this Report, I cannot for
bear from tendering to the Board my
congratulations on the prosperous con
dition of the Association. The recent
improvements which have been made, in
our system of management have elimi
nated several elements of hazard, and
removed many causes of complaint on
the part of our policy-holders. I am
persuaded that when they have been
subjected to a practical test, the result
will be to establish on a still firmer basis
our claims to public confidence and
ALux. H. H. STUART,
Active and reliable agents wanted in
every town and county in South Caroli
na to canvass for the Valley Mutual. To
the right parties liberal contracts will be
offered. Address, with references,
LEE HAGoOD, Manager,
Columbia, S. C.
i5 A LINIMENT PERFECT7Y
RARMLESS.AND2 SHOULD BE USED A
ELW MONTH,BE.FORE CONFINEMENT"
5EVD FOR BOQJK TO MQT HE RS i
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A or IluutatilPampheL
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Write for full particulars.
The Keystone Watch Club Co.
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~ _ AG ENCIES:
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Chicago, M. Derver, Cod.
Pi'tclirgh, Pa. Baltirmrs, Yd.
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Dotrdtxich, te., et.c.
WE DO WEAR
THE N. Y. STANDARD
$3.00 MADE PANTS
put it take. something more tls-x low prc.oa. r
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;i EXTas to ourlow
r ries. Thateome. from our
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tiesand askiugach small proita.
W.aronow taklngthe en tic.apro
duct. of three mills, and that
hardly stiatesaour demand,
New York Styles,
Alwa in the Bead.
NEoT we make
goods only to order,
and by our aclentic messure
moat blankacan fit yos an well
1,000 mlleW1 was we can at our
stor. e send our
goods to customers
both by mall and ex
press, at buyer's op
NEXT, by ending six
cents in stamps ou wilt reiv by return mel a package
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Overcoats, and Ifvonmenlio this papkr,60-ineh
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?LY. STANDARD PANT CO.,66 Unver
sity Piace, N. Y. City, Near Union Sq.
ON THE FIRST OF OCTOBER, the
undersigned opened a
FIRST CLASS BOARDING HOUSE
in Charleston, for the accommodation of
both Transient and Permanent Boarders.
The Building, located on the northeast
corner of Wentworth and Glebe streets,
is conveniently near the business portion
of King street, yet free from the- noise
of the thoroughfares. It is within easy
reach from the Academy of Music and
from Churches of all the different de
The house has been thoroughly re
paired, and fitted up in good style with
new furniture and fixtures.
For further information address
M-s. B. B. HA$ELL,
or Miss S. S. EDWARDS,
Ltf Charleston, S.CO.
DIAL ENGINE WORKS.
A COMPANY HAS BEEN FORMED
that are now operating these works,
manufacturing the Celebrated TOZERE
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STATIONARY ENGINES, noted for
their great durability, simplicity and
economy in fuel.
Excellent workmanship and ecesign.
Return Tubular Boilers a specialty.
Also Saw Mill Shafting. and boxes.
Most convenient shop in the State for
having your repairs done.
All work guaranteed. Foundry work
in Iron and Brass.
Write us for estimates.
W. P. LESTER,
THORN WELL McMASTER,
Business Manager. .
The justly celebrated SOUTHERN
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CIARLOTTE FEMlALE INSTIf[UTE.
The current session of this Institute
closes January 21st, 1888, when the
Spring Session begins, which ends June
The present session is one of the most
prosperous in the history of the Insti
tte. There is room for only a few more
boarding pupils. The health of the
school, the accommodations of its board
ing department, and the efficiency of its
corps of teachers are unsurpassed any
where in the South. The first of January
is a very convenient time for entering.
Pupils are charged only from date of
Rev. WM. R. ATKINSON,
Charlotte, N. C.
FOR INFANTS AND.
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An instant relief for colic of infant.
Cures Dysentery, Diarrhcea, Cholera
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of Teething safe and easy. Is a safe and
pleasant tonic. For sale by,all druggista,
md for wholesale by HowARD, WIrLEm
& Co., Augusta, Ga