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VOL III. MANNING, CLARENDON COUNTY, S. C., WEDNESDAY, JUNE 13
CLEVELAND AND THURMAN.
THE NEXT PRESIDENT AND VICE
PRESIDENT OFTHE UNITED STATES.
The National Democratic Convention
Unanimous for the One and Nearly So for
the Other-A Platform on Which All
Patriots May Consistently Stand.
ST. Louis, Mo., June 5.-The Na
tional Democratic Convention was called
to order by the Hon. W. H. Barnum,
Chairman of the National Executive
Committee, at 12.35 o'clock to-day.
The Chairman introduced Bishop J.
B. Granberry, of St. Louis, who opened
the proceedings with prayer. He ren
dered devout thanks for the many
-benefts which this "country had re
ceived from the hands of Povidence;
prayed for the continuance of those
bounties, and called down the divine
blessing upon the President and all
those in authority.
Theohair then stated that acting un
der the authority conferred upon him by
the National Democratic Committee, he
would present the convention the names
of persons selected by the committee to
preside over and officer the temporary
organization of the convention. As the
secretary read tue name of S. M. White,
of California, as temporary chairman,
the convention greeted it with cheers, as
it also greeted the name of F. 0. Prince,
of Massachusetts, as secretary.
The following is a complete list of the
temporary officers: Stephen M. White,
of California, chairman; tempora se
retary, Frederick 0. Prince, of assa
chuantt; amitant secretaries, Alfred
Orendorf, of Illinois; W. H. Scott, of
Pennsylvania; T. E. Barrett, of St.
Louis; L. Strauss, of Alabama; 0. M.
Hall, of Minnesota; J. Triplett, of
Georgia; L S. Bowley, of Michigan; 0.
Newell, of Colorado; T. J. Single, of
nMssouri; T. L. Merri11, of Nebraska.
Beading clerk, Thomas Pettit, House of
Q . of New Jersey; T. 0. Walk
er,of Iowa; B. H. Henry, of Mississippi;
John W. Kern, of Indiana; J. P. Carr,
of Missouri; E. D. Sawyer, of Ohio;
W. P. Bently, of Missouri. Official
stenographer, E. B. Dickinson, of New
York; eren-tamRichard J.
Brihcief doorkeeper, D. Able, of
The reading of the list of officers
having been concluded, the choice of
the committee was ratified by the unani
mous vote of the convention.
The chair appointed A.. P. Gorman,
of M land, C. S. Brice, of Ohio, and
E. W. Dawson, of South Carolina, as a
committee to conduct Mr. White to the
Having taken the chair, the new pre
lag officer was greeted with another
roand of applause and cheers. Mr.
White then addressed the convention.
Athough Mr. White bad requeted, by
way of preface, that during the delivery
of his speech the convention should pre
serve silence, he was frequently inter
rapted by and once or twice
was to stop until the ap
plans had died away. He spoke with
as~tinnenaa and could be heard over the
hal. When he mentioned the name of
PresidentOleveland theconvention arose
to its feet, and with waving hats and
tuttering handkerchiefs cheered for
several seconds. The mention of tariff
reform was also cheered, and at the close
ofhis address the speaker was generous.
y the conclusien of Mr. White's
speeh Governor Green, of New Jersey,
offered a resolution adopting the rules
of the preeding convention as the rules
oftshepresent convention subject to the
That in voting for candidates for
President and Vice President, no State
shall be allowed to change its vote until
theot call of States has been made and
every State has cast its vote.
Theresolution was adopted, after a
paintof orderraised by Mr. Seheewalter,
*4Missnari, that it was not in order
until a report had been made by the
committee on credentials han been over
ruled by the chair.
Then Thomas M. Patterson, of Mis
.souri, rose and, craving the indulgence
of the convention in behalf of the State
- af Colorado, presented to the conven
tion a gavel manufactured of Colorado
siver, richly caed and burnished. It
was, he said a modest offering from a
younger member of the Federal Union
to that arywhich had restored silver
to that hihplane from which it had
been daded by the Congressional
conspiracy os 1873 and which had ever
min. remained its constant champion.
Let the annonnnment be made through
out the civilized world, through the
silvery tone of the gavel, of the second
sad unanimous nomination of the peo
'schoice for President, Grover Cleve
. Loud applause.]
Chairman White, in accepting the
gave, plasatly remarked that as far as
tegvlwould do it the convention
wudhave to be ruled by silver. [Ap-.
The chair then recognized Senator
Giormnan, of Maryland, who presented a
resolution providing that the roll of
States be called, and that each State
ziame a member of the committee on
edeantials, a member of the committee
on permanent organization, and a mem
ber of the committee on resolutions, and
that all resolutions relating to the plat
form be referred to the committee on
resolutions without debate.
*The resolution was adopted and the
States proceeded to make appointments.
SAfter the appointment of the several
committees the Convention adjourned
till to-morrow mcorning at 10 o'clock.
-St. Louis June 6.--The sub-committee
on resolutions sat all night from 7 o'clock
last evening until 3 o'clock this morning,
--iensnthe tariff plank without result.
All other features of the platforn have
been agreed upon. During the night
-Senator Gormnan and Henry Watterson
had lively tilt.
.The represenatives of New York, New
JereConnecticut and Lonana side
with tor Gormnan in demanding a
conservative tariff plank. The fact that
they represent States which are depended
upon to elect a Democratic President' is
cnsidered in their favor should the fight
be taken into the Convention as nou
seems probable. .Cooper, of New York,
is very firm in his attitude. Mr. Wat
aersn naqually determinedthrough hia
as he desires in the direction of a radical
Chairman White called the convention
tp order at 10.22 this morning. The
committee on credentials reported the
seating of Messrs. Steel and Megginness,
of Dakota, in which Territory was the
only contest of the convention. Two
delegates from Alaska were admitted.
At 10.35 A. M., Tom-Calpell, of New
York, offered a resolution recognizing
and enforcing the Monroe doctrine.
Referred to resolutions committee.
Mallory, of Flarada, offered a resolu
tion recognizing and endorsing tariff
reform. Similarly referred.
Hon. Patrick A. Collins, of Massa
chusetts, was then selected as permanent
chairman. He was escorted to the plat
form by Messers. Barnum and Flower.
He was recieved with cheers and ad
dressed the convention.
Chairman Collins said, after returning
thanks for the honor, that for the past
twenty years the youth of this country
had learned more about war than prin
ciples of goverment. It was a duty to
teach them the principles of Democracy
as enunciated by Jefferson. His was a
doctrine of equal liberty, justice and
law, and it was under this that the Dem
ocracy had successfully foughtin foreign
wars and protected our citizens.
He then referred to the new order of
things under which the convention met,
touched upon what he termed robbery
and debauchery of Republican adminis
trations, and contrasted with them that
of Cleveland. Reference to the President
was recieved with tremendous applause.
The day that Cleveland was inaugurated
marked a new era. "It closed," he said,
"the era of usurpation of power by
Federal authority, of illegal force, of
general contempt for constitutional
limitations and plain law, of glaring
scandals, profligate waste and unspeak
able corruption, and at the narrow sec
tionalism of the reign of a party whose
good workhad long been done. It began
the era of perfectpeace and perfect union
-the States fusedin all their sovereignty
into a federal republic with limited
powers, of public service conducted with
itegrity-a Democratic administration
faithful, trusty, loyal to its pledges, true
to the Constitution, safeguarding the
interests and liberties of the people."
He closed by saying that this would be
a campaign of nearly equal forces, and
that all should work to further the re
election of Grover Cleveland.
Something of dramatic effect, which
would have marked such a speech if
Chairman Collins had spoken without
notes, was lost from the fact that he read
from manuscript. But the audience was
good-natured as well as liberal in its ap
plause, especially at the mention of the
The proposition that taxation should
be only for needed expenses was greeted
by a lively outbreak which indicated that
most of those present had heard of a
treasury surplus, and had decided that it
was amence tothe nation's safety. The
applause was general when Chairman
Collins concluded his address, and the
convention took it easy for a few mo
ments while numerous gentlemen who
had been honored by their selection as
vice presidents found their way to the
Orderonoemoresecured, the delegates
had an unpleasant surprise in the
annoucement by the chairman that he
had recieved a communication from the
committee on resolutions saying it would
be impossible to present a report until
8 P. M. A murmur went through the
crowded hall, and it was evident that the
delegations were anything but satisfied
with the prospectof ang here another
night Nothing could bedne about it,
Boll-call for nominations having been
ordered at 11.55, Alabama tendered its
first right to nominate to New York.
Dougherty arose to nominate Cleveland,
and waarecieved with cheers and hurrahs.
The wildest enthusasmm prevailed. His
speech was short, but vividly eloquent
abounding in meteoric flashes that set
the convention wild. At its conclusion,
the convention cheered to the echo.
Cleveland's nomination was then made
by acclamation at 12.11, being seconded
by a score of States.
The hall in an instant was in an up
roar, delegates yelling themselves hoarse.
There appeared to be no end to the en
thuiasm. The bands all played and
every one was standing on chairs. As
the nomination was made a large-sized
portrait of -the President dropped into
view fitting the centre space in the large:
painting of the United States capitol
which hangs in the rear of the Speaer's
desk. The delegates ap to be
grwn more and more enthusiastic.
Ylsfor "Cleveland! Cleveland! Oh,
Cleveland!" were heard on all sides.
The chairman rapped repeatedly for
order, but no heed was paid to the gavel.
The roar of voices rather incresed as
President Collins beat his desk. Fifteen
minutes passed since the cheering first
began, and if anything it increased in
force. Horns, bells, drums, etc., were
provided with admirable industry. The
standards of Southern States were
entwined with those of New York. The
excitement was intense. All standards
1are now saluting New York. The ladies~
Iin galleries caught up the excitement and
Ithey in turn echoed the cheers. The
decorations were torn down and waved
as banners. All is excitement and the
cheering has continued eighteen minutes
with no prospect of waning. The baud
is heard for a second, but the crowd in
the delegates' portion of the hall will
not abate their transports and cheering
breaks out with renewed energy.
The cheering when Mr. Cleveland was
nominated at the Chicago convention
lasted eighteen minutes. The time at
which Cleveland was nominated by
Dougherty was 12.11 and the applause
continued until 12.31.
Order was at last restored. Mc Ken
zie, in secor ding the nomnination, refer
red to Mrs. Cleveland as the only more
popular Democrat than the President.
Long continued applause followed this.
Judge Twiggs, of Georgia, also sec
onded the nomination of Grover Cleve
At 1.20 o'clock the rules were suspen
ded and Cleveland nominated by accla
At 1.22 and 1.30 Mr. Flower of New
York, and Senator Voorhees, of Indiana,
respectively moved adjournment until
10 A. M. Thursday. Both motions lost.
At 1.58 the convention adjourned un
til 10 A. 1s. to-morrow.
S. vois Jnne 'I.-Tha wrather is very
warm. It is stated on good authority that
the Platform Committee has agreed on the
tariff plank of 1884 as interpreted by the
President's message, but as the vote in the
committee was close the fight may be car
ried to the Convention floor.
Before the Convention was called to or
der most of the State banners were adorned
with bandannas. Great cheering followed
when bandannas were hung on the New
York banner. Bandannas were waved
from the galleries and all over the hall.
The Indiana men hoisted a banner with a
Gray handkerchief. Cheering was begun
by the Gray men and the Thurman people
followed at intervals, most of the delegates
being on their feet. The cheering was re
newed when Texas sported the bandanna.
CALLED TO ORDER.
At 10.:0 A. M. the Convention was called
to order. The only delegations not waving
bandannas were Alabama, Goorgia, Illinois,
Indiana, Massachusetts, Louisiana, District
of Columbia, Dakota, Iowa, Tennessee and
The invocation was delivered by Dr.
Brank, of St. Louis.
"THE STAR EYED GODDESS."
At 10.38 Henry Watterson took the plat
form with the report of the Committee on
Resolutions. Three cheers were given for
the "star-eyed goddess" of reform.
BEADING OF THE PLATFORM.
At 10.40 the Clerk commenced to read
the resolutions. There were cheers and
applause at the clause in the preamble en
dotsing Cleveland's message. Excitement
and waving of hats and canes. The mes
sage of President Cleveland was endorsed
as a correct interpretation of the platform
of 1884. The reading of this part of the
report was greeted with constant cheers.
The mention of the reclamation of public
lands, the reconstruction of the navy and
the negotiation of the Chinese treaty in the
platform*'was greeted with applause. At
11 o'clock the reading of the platform was
concluded amid great applause.
The Democratic party of the United s
States, in National Convention assembled, I
renews the pledge of its fidelity to the s
Democratic faith and reaffirms the plat- I
form adopted by its representatives in the 3
convention of 1884, and endorses the views J
expressed by President Cleveland in his
last earnest message to Congress as the t
correct interpretation of that platfoi m upon a
the question of tariff ' miuction, and aso
endorses the efforts of our Democratic
representatives in Congress to secure a re- s
duction of the excessive taxation. Among I
its principles of party faith are the main- t
tenance of an indissoluble Union of free N
and indestructible States, now about to N
enter upon its second century of unex
ampled progress and renown; devotion to c
the plan of government regulated by the I
written Constitution, strictly specifying c
every granted power and expressly reserv- t
ing to the States or the people the entire '
ungranted residue of power; the encour
agement of jealous popular vigilance di- s
rected to all who have been chosen for .1
brief terms to enact and execute the laws 1
and are charged with the duty of preserv- a
log the peace, ensuring equality and estab-' s
lishing justice. b
The Democratic party welcomes an ex- a
acting scrutiny eI the administration of the
executive power which four years ago was u
committed to its trust in the election of r
Grover Cleveland as President of the United I
States, but it challenges the most search- 3
ing inquiry concerning its fidelity and de- I
votion to the pledges which then invoked e
the suffrages of the people. During the
most critical period of our financial affairs, C
resulting from over-taxation, the anom- E
alous condition of our currency and a
public debt unmatured, it has, by the
adoption of a wise and conservative course,
not only averted disaster, but greatly pro
moted the prosperity of our people.
It has reversed the impro.vident and un
wise policy of the Republican party touch- S
ing the public domain, and has reclaimed
from corporations and syndicates, alien and
domestic, and restored to the people nearly ~
one hundred million acres of land, to be
sacredly held as homesteads for our citi
While carefully guarding all interests
and the principles cf justice and equity, it
has paid out more for pensions and boun
ties to the soldiers and sailors of the repub
iic than was ever paid before during an
It has adopted and consistently pursued '
a firm and prudent foreign policy, preserv
ing peace with all nations, while scrupu-. g
lously maintaining all rights and interests
of our own government and people at home
The exclusion from our shores of Chi
nese labdrers has been effectually sec ured
under the provisions of a treaty, the opera- ~
ton of which has been postponed by the
action of the Republican majority in the
In every branch and department of tbe
government under Democratic control the
rights and welfare of all the people have
been guarded and defended; every public ~
interest has been protected, and the equal- ~
ity of all our citizens before the law, with
out regard to race or color, has been stead,
fastly maintained. Upon its record, thus
exhibited, and upon the pledge of a con
tinuance to the people of these benefits, the
Democracy invokes a renewal of the popu
lar trust by the re-election of the chief
magistrate who has been faithful, able and
prudent. It invokes, in addition to that
trust, the transfer also to the Democracy of
the entire legislative power.
The Republican party, controlling the
Senate and resisting in both houses of
Congress the reformation of unjust and
unequal tax laws, which have outlasted
the necesities of the war and are now un
dermining the abundance of a long peace,
deny to the people equality before the law
and the fairness and the justice which are
their right. The cry of American labor
for a better share in the x ewards of indus
try is stifled with false pretences; enter
prise is fettered and bound down to home 11
markets; capital is discouraged with doubt:
and the unequal. unjust laws can neither
be properly amended nor repealed. Thet
Democratic party will continue, with all
the power confided to it, to struggle to re-1
form these laws in accordance with the
pledges of its last platform, endorsed at
the ballot-box by the suffrages of the peo
pie. Of all the industrious freemen oft
our land, az. immense majority, includingt
every tiller of the soil, gain no advantaget
from the excessive tax laws, but the price
of nearly everything they buy is increased
by the favoritism of an unt~qual system of
All unnecessary taxation is unjust taxa
tion. It is repugnant to the creed of the
Democracy that by such taxation the cost
of the necessaries of life should be unjus
tifiably increased to al? our people. Judged
by Democratic principles, the interests of
the people are betrayed when, by unneces
sary taxation, trusts and combinations are
permitted to exist, which, while unduly
enriching the few that combine, are rob
bing our citizens by depriving them of the
benefits of natual competition.
Every Democratic rule of governinental
acti6n is violated when, through urineces
ariaaoin S 'ant sum of monear n
beyond the needs of an econoriical admin
istration, is drawn from the people and
channels of trade and accumula!.ed, as a
demoralizing surplus, in the national treas
ury. The money now lying idle in the
Federal treasury, resulting from superilu
ous taxation, amounts to mode than $1:5.
000,000, and the surplus colected is reach
ing the sum of more than $60,000,000 an
Debauched by this immense temptation,
the remedy of the Republican party is to
meet and exhaust, by extravagant appro
priations and expenses, constitutional
or not, the accumulation of extravagant
taxation. The Democratic policy is to en
force frugality in public expense and abol
ish all unnecessary taxation. Our estab
lished domestic industries and enterprises
should not and need not be endangered by
. reduction and correction of the burdens
Af taxation. On the contrary, a fair and
:areful revision of our tax laws, with due
allowance for difference between wages of
American and foreign labor, must promote
ind encourage every branch of such indus
.ries and enterprises by giving them assur
ances of an extended market and steady
and continuous operations. In the interest
)f American labor, which should in no
veut be neglected, the revision of tax laws
:-ontemplated by the Democratic party
hould promote the advantage of such la
>or, by cheapening the cost of the necessa
pies of life in the home of every working- 1
nan and at the same time securing to him
teady remunerative employment.
On this question of tariff reform, so
losely connecting every phase of our na- 1
ional life, and upon every question in
rolved in the problem of good government,
he Democratic party submits its principles 1
and professions to the intelligent 'suffrages
>f the American people.
"TwO GOOD DEMOCRATs."
At 11.01 Watterson took the platform
nd was greeted with applause and cries of
'Hurrah for Watterson." His speech was
)unctuated with applause and cheering.
n the course of his remarks, Watterson
aid: "Two good Democrats can never
now each other well until they have had
ome fun with each other. This will fur
ish the reason why I should present to
rou Senator Gorman." [Laughter and
When Gorman finished speaking, Wat
erson demanded the previous question,
.nd the platform was adopted unanimously
mid great cheering.
Scott of Georgia, amid applause, pre
ented a resolution from the Committee on t
resolutions endorsing and recommending r
be early passage of the Mills bill. There t
vas great applause when the resolution
F. W. Lehman of Iowa, from the same .t
ommittee, presented a resolution of a
beral policy toward the Territories, re
ommending the admission of Washing- t
on, Montana, Dakota and New Mexico. b
'he resolution was carried.
Governor Abbett of ,New Jersey pre- I
ented a resolution expressing sympathy c
ith the struggling people of all nations i
2 their efforts to obtain the blessing of z
elf-government, and especially declaring a
ympathy with such patriots as those led n
y Gladstone and Parnell. The resolution n
C. W. Baker of Ohio asked and obtained 3
nanimous consent to offer resolutions of
espect to the memory of the late Thomas
L. Hendricks. The mention of the late
rice President's name elicited loud and n
>ng applause. The resolutions were adopt- 1
d by a unanimous rising vote.
The Chairman announced that Edward
,ooper, of New York, dissented from a I
art of the platform.
TARPEY NOMINATES THURMAN.
When the roll call for the nomination of
Tice President began, Tarpey, of Ohio, t
ok the platform to nominate Thurman.
'he mention of Thurman's name was
reeted with waving of bandannas every
rhere, and with cheering. The mention
f Governor Gray's name, by Tarpey, ~
rought mingled cheers andi hisses, long k
ontmnued. Tarpey's speech was inter- r
CRIES OF "GRAY". r
There was great confusion. Gray's g
lcture was hoisted by an alternate and the
ihairman rapped for order. There was a
urther interruption by the Gray men.
The mention of Black's name by Patter- ~
on brought slight applause. The roll call
as continued amid confusion. The Chair
ian threatened to have the galleries cleared.
'om Patterson, of Colorado, took the plat-~
orm. There was great cheering when he
eferred to Black's war service and to his
ction -in the Chicago Convention of 1884.
'atterson read a telegram from Black in a
egard to the situation, saying that he e
ad hoped for the honor of the Vice Presi- i
ency, but had too long worked for suc- 'I
ess not to give way for the good of the g
arty, and that he withdrew in .favor of t
hurman. Patterson said there was only i:
ne reason why Black's friends do not bow j
efore the red bandanna. They fear the a
.eath of one who has already filled out his e
llotted time, and then the Senate might be
ursed with another Ingalls. (Cheers and
isses.) Patterson said that he left Gray's.
tame with the Convention to deal with as A
omnmon sense and Democratic judgment
Piggott, of Connecticut, took the plat
ornm and seconded Thurman's nomina
Voorhees took the platform amid cheer
ng and great excitement to nominate
~ray. The Indiana delegation arose and
ave three cheers at the mention of Gray's t
nine. Voorhees finished amid applause I
nd blowing of horns.
Albert H. Cox took the platform, and t
aid that he arose as a Union man from '.i
~eorgia to second the nomination of Isaac <
ray. (Great applause ) ]
"THURMAN" EVERYwHERE. t
Nat Dryden, of Missouri, seconded C
~hurman's nomination amid great and
ontinued applause and waving of band- ~
~erchiefs. There were cries of "Time," I
nd the Chairman rapped for order. 1
Governor Green, of New Jersey. took f
he platform to second the nomination of
Lhurman. There was great confusion and
vild applause when he mentioned
rurman's name. J. W. Dorsey, of
iebraska, wes recognized to second the
iomination of Thurman. There was con- I
inued laughter and applause when he saidr
hat a thousand quartz mills would pound t
heir ponderous pleasure at Thurman's
iomination. George Chaines, of New 1
Eork, seconded Thurman's nomination
Lmid great applause. North Carolina I
econded Thurman's nomination. Powell, J
>f Ohio, seconded it also.
soUTH CAROLINA FOR THURMAN.
Captain F. W. Dawson, of South Caro
ina, took the platform and seconded Thur
nan's nomination. Thompson, of Ten
cessee, also seconded his nomination. Sen-t
or Daniels, of Virginia, was greeted with
.pplause and cheers when he seconded the
2omination of Thurman. Maginniss of
Rontana, seconded Thurman's nomination.
at 1.33 the roll call was completed and the
:lerk called the names of
THURMAN. GSAY AND BLACK 1i
ta the nominees. 'Ie voting- for Vice
President began at i.35. Alabama cast
fifteen votes for Thurman. four for Gray
and one for Black. Iowa asked to be
passed. New York and New Jersey voted
solid for Thurman. Ohio cast one vote
for Gray. Received with hisses. Great.
confusion ensued in the hall, amid cries of
"Put him out!" eferring to the Ohio dde
;ate. Bandannas were hoisted on Iudi
ain's banner amid great confusion. Indi
ina's banner was waved from the platform
sith Gray and Thurman colors entwined.
I'he confusion continued and delegates
trose to their feet cheering and shouting
fid waving Cleveland and Thurman ban
A rooster was thrown on the stcnogra
)hers' desk amid shouts of laughter. The
heering continued and the band struck up.
3leveland's bust on the platform is en
.wined with bandannas. State hanners are
trouped in the centre of the hall.
712 FOR THE OLD ROMAN.
An unofficial count of the first ballot
ives 712 votes for Thurman. Black's
iame was withdrawn by Patters n, who
noved that Thurman's nomination be made
inanimous. Ohio cast 46 votes for Thur
Franklin, of Indiana, denied from the
)latform that McDonald started the Thur
nan boom. He also withdrew Gray's
same and moved the unanimous nomiua
ion of Thurman. The motion was carried
imid great confusion and cries of "Fel
The resolution of Pope, of Texas, ex
ending sympathy to Mrs. General lan
:ock was adopted.
The roll was called to name the mem
ers of the National Committee, the Con
rention being in confusion. Chairman
,ollins and Clerk Pettit were made mem
wrs of the Notification Committee by reso
ution. The thanks of the Convention
vere extended to Secretary Prince by
A resolution of Fellows, of New York,
vas adopted on the death of Tilden, Sey
nour, McClellan and Hancock.
At eleven minutes past two o'clock the
onvention adjourned sine die.
THE HASTE FOR RICHES.
'he Evil' that the Desire for Speedy
Wealth Brings About.
(Howard Crosby in the Forum.)
It leads to crooked dealing. In so
xciting a chase an advantage is not to
e missed because of a little question of
ight and wrong. A lie here, a cheat
here, these are the everyday occurrences
>y which to get around the neighbor or
he custom house or the stockholder.
L briba well placed is a stroke of genius.
mployees are trained in deception, and
he community is morally corrupted.
aegislatures, whom we trust for our laws,
ecome the paid servants of the gold
nters, and justice is polluted in our
ourts. The madness that possesses the
an who is chasing after wealth knows
et aside in the sphere of his money
caking. Principles that he would court
lost important in a theory of morals are
rholly inoperative in his financial career.
t slaughters widow and orphans with
is fiscal sword, he remorselessly sends
,is rival to pauperism and suicide, he
ianufactures false stock and seizes upon
legal dividends, and he uses the con
dence of the unsuspecting for their ruin.
his system, rapidly growing upon us, is
oisoning the whole public body, and
i taking lying and stealing and fraud sub
ets of merriment where they should be
rovocatives of indignation and retrib
on. So possessed is the public mind of
ais idea of our modern money-hunters,
at even the perfectly innocent man of
realth cannot escape the imputation that
is money was gotton by ways that are
ark. 'The people have almost come to
elieve that great wealth implies great
ascality. It is a very false judgement,
nd yet the reason for it is in the evident
secality with which so many have,
rasped their gold.
The injary done to th family is also
injury to the State, for the family is;
e unit of the State. Where the men
f a family are in the wild pursuit of
!ealth the basis of family atfection and
orality cannot exist. That basis is
mtual confidence and ultimate con
dece. But the gold chase gives no
me for this. The man is a sort of
oarder in his own house. He flirts in
ud out like a stranger. His heart is
lsewhere. So wife and childrcn are
ithout their proper" guide and stay.
'hey seek foranmusementin questionable
uarters. They find other centres than
ae home. The husband (house bond,
that be the right origin of the word)
inot in his place, and the household is
isintegrated. D.isorders of every sort
nter such a family, and the increase of
'ealth only intensifies the symptoms.
P.REMARKiABLE bHoWlhiG 1.OR B. B. B.
AGAINST' OTHER REMEDIES.
Puorsuu Co., April 29, 1887.
I have been suffering for almost thirty
ears with an itching and burning all
ver my face and body, I took eighteen
ottles of one blood medicine and it did
ie no good. I commenced last January
use 13. B. 13., and after using five
ottles I felt better and stouter than I
ave for thirty years, my health is bet
er and I weigh more than I ever did.
he itching has nearly ceased, and I am
onfident that a few more bottles of B.
. B. will care mo entirely. I am eixty-'
wo years old and can now do a good
ay's work in my field. I coinsider it
he best medicine I have ever seen, for
Scertainly did me more good than a 1
he medicine I have ever taken. I had
a all nearly a hundred risings on my
see, neck and body.
Negro Nionnl Democratic Leagufi.
S. Louis. June 6.-Nearly a hundred
epresentative colored Demo'crats f rom
lre than a dozeni states, but ebielly fromt
he North, held a meeting here yesterday
fternoon and organizLed a Negrro Nationmal
)emocratic League. James M. Vena of
it. Louis was elected Chairman. T. Tf.
trown of Springtield, Ills., Secret. .ry, and
ferbert A. Clark of Cincinnati, Chairman
f the Executive Committee, to be comn
>osed of one member from each State. A
ommittee, embracing J. M Vena of St.
ouis, Charles HI. Sheldon of I1,iiana, W.
'. Scott and T. T. Brown of Iliinois, and
L. E. Manning of Indiana, was appointed
o represent the.league at the great Demo
ratic League to be held at Baltimore on
uly 4th. Resolutions were adopted en
lorsing the administration of Presideni
leveland, and the league to mneet in Chi
ago at the cali of the Chairman. The
dan of organization and the purpose, of
he league is the 'same as other similar
enae of the great parties.
CAPTAIN TILLMAN'S CHARGE.
HE GOEO TO 'lliE RECORDS FOR
PROOF TO st>'TAIN IT.
A I -joi der to the Stat.aent.' Made
Aout. His Speeches in the Democratic
To the Editor of the News and Couri
er: Many newspaper readers of late have
been sorely puzzled over the hen and
egg problem: "If a hen and a half lay
an egg and a half, how many eggs will
six hens lay in seven days?" I have b:en
the innocent cause of giving the peo
ple of South Carolina a more dillicult
and perplexing problem than this to
solve, which may be stated thus: If a
chairman of the ways and means com
mittee (Col. Has.kell) disputes a fact,
and tries to prove his assertion by
making two conflicting and incorrect
statements; if two editors who are sup
posed to keep posted (The News and
Courier and 1egister) endorse him and
say he "proved by the records" that Mr.
Tillman was wrong; if one comptroller
general produces other rec rds which
show that both Colonel Haskell
and Mr. Tillman are incorrect,
and then himself falls into two
palpable errors; and, lastly, if two or
more "special corresp :ndents" at Co
lumbia make misstatements and draw
deductions the refrom, all in defence of
the powers that be and their
policy, and to show Mr. Tillman
up as an ignoramus and an innocent or
intentional liar, how will the people ever
learn the truth? How will this meddle
some, impudent, ignorant farmer, who
dares to "whimper" and "yell" in Dem
ocratic conventions, and whom the farm
ers must "unload" if they want
to get anything from the manipu
lators and "bosses," how will he solve
this sum in political arithmetic and make
the taxpayers understand it? The task
may appear a difficult one,. but I must
attempt it, and from habit, as well as
because I want to reach the people of
the whole State, I must ask you to allow
me space in you columns to defend my
In the State Convention, which- met
on the 17th inst., Imade the assertion that
the expenditures of the State Govern
nedt were $240,000 more in 1877 than
they were in 1879. I This was denied by
Col. Haskell. That evening I wrote a
note to the comptroller general, Mr.
Verner, asking him to examine the
official records and decide who was cor
rect. I have just seen in The News and
Courier and Augusta Chronicle of 26th
.Lay the statement of Gen. Verner,
together with the explanations and com
nents of the "special correspondents"
>f those papers.
Gen. Verner makes the difference in
the expenditures for 1887 and 1879
220,00 in round numbers, but goes on
o explain that only $177, in cash was
paid as interest on the public debt that
-oar, the bala.ce of the interest being
funded. Further, that had the whole of
,he interest been paid in cash there
would have been a dill':rence of only
;27,U00 in the two years named. He
as not called on to make any such ex
lanation but to decide simply the ques
ion of veracity between Col. Haskell
,nd myself. His official position and
apposed familiarity with the matter had
enabled him to convince the Convention
:hat I was talking of something I knew
othing about. I am glad, however, (Gen.
!erner has made it, as it~was a fact. I
id not know, and I am only desirous of
aving the truth made known. But
len. Verner himself has fallen into two
istakes, of course unintentionally.
The total expenditures of the State
or the fiscal year ending October 31,
See comptroller general's re
port, 1887, page 131).....$987,974
l'er 1879. .. .. .. . ..---. .-.-.- 749,784
On page 112, comptroller general's re
ort, 1887, the expenditures are put at
-en. Verner's figures-,$969,787. He, or
omebody else, must explain the diff'er
~nce of $18,187. I am not able to do it.
gain, Gen. Verner states that "only
~177,000 was appropriated to pay inter
t on the public debt" in 1879. But
~199,144 was actually paid that year 'in
nterest, as wrill be seen by reference to
the comptroller general's report for
for 1879, page 100, leaving $175,458 due
for interest that year, and to pay which
here was in the treasury a cash balance,
ctober 31, 1879, of $243,488. G*en.
erner says this interest was "funded in
onsol bonds." If so, what went with
the money reserved to pay it? Perhaps
3. HaskelU, who knows so much about
our finances, will take the trouble to ex
plain? 'Thus far I have shown that, as
taken from the official reports, I was
pproximately correct in saying the ex
enditures for 1887 execeeded these for
1879 $240,000. I had no intention to
ieceive any one in not mentioning the
npaid interest of which I knew nothing
at the time, taking the aggregates just as
. found thsm. But since I have been
rorced to study this question more
horoughly, I will do some more figur
ing and give as full and fair a statement
as I can. I have tried in vain to obtain
a full and complete set of the comiptrol
ler general's reports so that I might ar
rive at all the facts, but I have fouDd it
mpossible to get them. If Gol. Has~kell
r Gjen. Verner will sell, lend or give me
these books, I will try to learn jnet how
and where our money goes, and why,
with a large inerease in the phosphate
royalty, u ir taxes arc on the increase
Now here are some figures which will
enable your readers to get a better idea
f the real facts in this case. They are
-imilar or extraordinary expenses in
urred in tne years named:
Spent on State House. .$103,746 s. ...
Spent on South Caroli
na College... .. .. .. 22,497 10,1G7
Spent on Citadel... 20,400 .
Spent on Penitentiary. 31,400 47,058
Spent on Lunatic Asy
lum. .. .. .. .. ...... 85,096 71,200
Spent on DVeaf, Dumb
and Blind........ . 12,385 9,718
dnstng public debt 8.708
Deficiencies (1876).... .... 34,417
ry.................. .... 9,757
lands....... ....... .... 4,992
Bills Bank of State re
ceived as taxes and
Total ............. 290,524
Now let us deduct these two sums
from the respective years.
Total expenditures... $749,784 $987,974
Net ............ 459,260 712,550
A difference in favor
of 1879of.......... $1'7,832
An attempt has been made to saddle
all the increase in expenditures on the
State House and educational and charit
able institutions of the State; but
making allowance for these, as. I have,
the plea is shown to be false. But this
is not all. In his inaugural address,
November 30, 1880, Governor Hagood
said: "The honest, economic and.
efficient administration of the State.
Government which the revolution of
1876 promised has been realized. Every
obligation of the State is met from the
income of the fiscal year, and no de
ficiencies are incurred. There is yet
room for retrenchment, and as from
time to time without impairing the
efficiency of the Government retreich
ment can be made in the executive; leg
islative and judicial departments, as
well as in the miscellaneous expendi
tures, it should be done." There has
been no "retrenchment" whatever; on
the contrary, marked increase of bar
The aggregate increase is as follows:
State House .............$103,746
South Carolina College (differ
Add difference between 1879
and 1887, as above.......... 77,882
We have net increase..........$224,308
and nobody can explain it away, hoew
ever much it may be defended. This, it
will be remembered, was what the Leg
islature of 1886 appropriated, which,
when it met, was full of the idea of
economy. The same Legislature, at its
last session, increased the taxes to $100,
00 and voted any and all appropriations
asked of it except for a separate agricul
tural college, and the expenditures this
year are found to be considerably over a
million dollars. They gave the Canalto
Columbia with convicts frpe of hire to
flish it, voted $60,000 afor an -n
gave $5,000 to Claflin, $5,O0 to the
Winthrop Training School, gave the
South Carolina College $22,000 more
than is mentioned above, besides the
Hatch and land scrip funds, $20,700,
refused to reapportion representation
and do justice to the disfranchised white
men of Greenville, Spartanburg, Lau
rens, Marlboro, Sumter and Edgefleld,
end was altogether the most subser'ient
to "ring" influences that has ever mes
sice the Democratic party came into
power. It may be "childish to whimp
er," as the editor of The News and
Courier puts it, "that members of the
Legislature are debauched or bam
boozled at Columbia." I have mar
shalled the facts and the people can
judge for themselves. But if I
"whimpered," humph! when I made -
hat assertion, somebody must have felt.
ny truth when I showed up the moral
ottenness of Charleston and Columbia
bout the census. "It is only the galled
ade who winces," and 'tis not srren
hat the effort should be made by The
ews and Courier to discredit me before
he people whose cause I am fighting'.
Butlam not through with my figures -
In his message to the General Assem
by November 29, 1882, Governor
agood said: "On the 1st November,
881, 1here were 690 convicts in the
enitentiary. At same date this year
he number was 824. An examination.
f the superintendent's report exhibits
he following transactions:
Balance on hand at beginning of
Earnings for the year.........94,239.
Expenses proper of Penitentiary. 50,989
Expenses board of directors.. 1,267
Paid on Canal............... 8,096
Paid into State treasury.......0,000
Bal. ron hand Oct. 31, 1882..$14,901
With one thousand convicts now in
he penitentiary, two hundred and fifty
ore than the average for 1882, the in
stitution is run at a loss, and has to
borrow" $25,000 from the treasury,
which it did not repay. Senator Murray
ery graciously offered to "make me
superintendent, andl pension me be
sides," if I would give bond to make it
pay the same as it did in '82, and the
"ring" cheered his cheap wit. I am not
hnting that or any other position, but
will do this, and it is a bona fide busi
ess proposition: I will lease the peni
entiary for a terun of years, at $40,000
per annum net to the State, and give a
suficient bond to carry out the contract.
Now let him get a bill passed to lease it
nder any reasonable and proper re
strc ions,~and I will show him that I
am not merely "makng a noise." Labor
is too much in demand in this State for
so much of it to yield no profit to any
but: pets of the "ring."
I will next call attention to Col. Has
kel's incorrect and conflicting state
ments before the Convention. He said,
irst: '"I do deny it most positively."
'What I had said about the expendi
ures.) "What the gentleman is driving
at is easily explained, in 1879 there
was a fund of money in the treasury and
the Legislature did make appropriations
ten largely less than in 1887, because
that surplus was used in addition to the
appropriations made. There is a differ
ece between a levy and an appropria
tion, and the reason why we collected
less in 1879 than in 1887 was because we
had in the treasury a surplus which had
been previously collected."
At the close of the debate Col. Has
kell made another statement "from the
statutes (L quote from the proceedings
of the Convention in The News and
Corier,) and showed that in round
umbers in 1879 the expenditures had