Newspaper Page Text
OL. III. MANNING, CLARENDON COUNTY, S. C:, WEDNESDAY, NO. 30
A Brother's Keeper.
110111'S 10K OF LOYE D DUT.
)T mLwT HarTWILL cTBWooD,
AUMEO O! "IaQUE O' DOOM," "STEPEn
GUTnaX=," "Tam LO-2 MAN'S
Car," AND OTanU STOnmaS.
"But I never wanted to talk about our
relative positions. The sight of him made -
me shuddering sick. You don't know how
horrible it first seemed to me that I should
feel ab toward my own brother. So it went
on until he was sent to prison for a long
time I think he has been gardoned out;
t's time would not expire for years. Do
you know I was very glad they sentenced
aim! Thorney and I drew some easy breaths.
I spent some money to go to a normal school,
and Mr. Barker was the lecturer on mathe
matics. So I got acquainted with him."
The master nodded.
"Your ignorance of common geometrical
rules was so marked," said he, "and your
general intelligence so fair that I felt im
pelled to take you in hand."
"You know you said she looked like the
sister that died when you were a boy,"
mused Mrs. Barker.
The master drank his root-beer and made
only a distant response to this allusion.
"Man is a queer bundle of associations. I
love this old cabin and I love this old dis
trict. I've had one or two very good offers'
from colleges, Mr. Gurley," he owned with
frowning and shame-faced pride," but
school term after school term sees me at
the same old desk. I suppose I'll die in my
rut. It seems good enough to me for a man
to grow fast in the spot where he was born.
I know it ain't progressive. I know it nar
rows me. My opinions might not be so pat
if I circulated more. But the wrench of
tearing up would be more than I could
stand. This is not sentiment," denied the
master, sternly; 'but a simple physical
fact which I can not get around. Who's
tPhbe cornered toward Mrs. Barker.
"You haven't any ceremonious passage
way," said Gurley, smiling. -You can open
your door and kick intruders right off the
threshold like they can at Tom Holmes'.
Ive always envied that arrangement."
"Now, Miss Phoebe," said the master,
visibly warming to the occasion, as a second
and very loud knock bumped the door,"
don't let me see you do that. It hurts me as
"I knowit is Thane," whispered Phoebe.
"What if it is Thane! What if it's a
thousand Thanes? I will now," declared
' themaster, striding to the door and motion
Ing his wife back, --gratify myself with a
good grip on the collar of his coat and the
active use of fy -right foot."
"But it may be one of the neighbors,"
objected Mrs. Barker.
"We shall see," responded Mr. Ogre,
jerking the door toward him and concentrat
ing his frowning sight upon the dark.
Phoebe looked an instant, and hid her
tWe against Mrs. Barker.
"Phobe White is here," said a voice out
"Don't mind-don't mind! "- whispered
the master's wife, feeling a strong shudder
shake the girl.
"Well, sir? " said Mr. Barker, gathering
"I want to see her. She cheated me. She
gave me an envelope full of blank paper
"I did," said Phoebe, facing toward him.
"I meant to have told that, too."
"Who are you, sir, and what should she
give you?" demanded the master, making
"rm her dear brother," responded Thane,
,with insolent jocularity, "and she was to
give me money that she knows she owes
"Sir!" snorted the master, grabbing into
the dusk, "I'll give-you-something-else
- -that has been-owing to you a good
"Oh, Mr. Barkerl' screamed his wife, for
In excessive zeal her husband diisappeared
over the steps and was heard 'to strike the
Before Gurley could help him he had risen
ap, and he calmly brushed off his coat with
his palms as Mrs.- Barker held the lamp on
high and gazed with anxiety into the clear
"Come in," begged Phobe, "come in!"
Her clutch fell upon Gurley's arm as well
cowrd H shl nvranoK ouaa
apobn rew akrs deee Grey asbrs.h
Bak sht the drbehmdherhusand
"IDon'yt eterrifirkk," said heo ms
cor. he hall neved noysn yoi agin
whil tI phica aweo."elve.
"he drew kil you epor it, ear. Basrhs
Baker shtPhe. ehn e hsad
"1 onawgo tw fair kisel," said the mae
ter's wife, thi fond noxcping "solidIng
space ile thear wimts cantinuedacnord
hand Andphwsa mw.lroIn fes.".
"H wi ki hado ot r.Barh hs
"Noswnse,"maid myf"si he'no mas
toehr's anyie, whe ad ee,"ning
sot nhe oldeavengwit apto nce."
hadAndstl houas mahen fast."'l
"Oh, it wismh If hd fnotroghes tuh
ctrband her!"l Quver mycebe."
"Hoe'seany,"ss~idB Pace'e. "Iakne
sthe would anhad t why Ionet
come here instead of staying at Holmes'.
He might have got into the house theu,
without knocking. And I was afraid ho
would follow us in the woods. I did cheat
him about the money. When I put my hand
in the drawer there was a sealed envelope
full of blank paper whichl fixed once, think
ing about Thane, hut scarcely believing I
could ever use it. He knew I kept my
money so; and the momentmy hand touched
itlI took that instead of the hundred dollars.
I wish I'd given it to him now."
"I begin to understand the transaction,"
said Gurley, "andBess' part in it. But if he
tries to storm this house the garrison out
asonbeis him. They both look as if we had
.s4;.aIne a ha r Bre.
At the door another demanu was made for
admission, but this time timid and fumbling,
unlike the bold knock Thane gave.
"Painted savage or- unpainted," respond
ed the master, starting, "this unruly rascal
shall feel discipline."
"Oh, Mr. Barker!" besought Phobe.
"Ogre, dear," said his wife, apparently in
the act of expanding her large person to
place before him, "the man will shoot."
"Let me open the door," said burley.
"I open my own door, sir," interposed the
"Now, you scoundrel, what do you want
this time !"
He made a heavy dash at the person on
the step, recovering himself with difficulty.
Those inside saw it was a man quite
clean-shaven excepting his upper lip; that
his clothes were black, fine and old-fash
ioned; and though he held his tall hat in
one hand as he recoiled from the master's
onset, the hat had evidently been lifted be
fore the door opened and his recoil meant
"Oh!" Mr. Barker snarled suspiciously.
"Good evening, good evening, sir. Good
The stranger made some response in a
nasal blur of words, concluding with an
Mr. Barker turned toward the other in
mates, his fierceness cooled to the temopera
ture of combativeness.
"Is this man speaking Latin with the con
tinental pronunciation, Gurley, or is it
-Step in, sir," invited Mrs. Barker.
"Ogre! perhaps the door better be shut."
"The door will not be shut," responded
her husband, -until this man can untiiigibly
state his business."
"It is Painter. Good evening, Mr.
Painter," said Gurley.
Painter, seeing Phoebe, stepped upon the
sill with an exclamation.
During the rest of her life, when she tried
to set the action of the next five minutes in
its true light, and to see the facts as they
occurred by the clock instead of through the
medium of a terror which had no regard for
time, she thought Mrs. Barker exclaimed
that the other man was behind this one;
that Painter turned, saw-Thane and seized
him; then they struggled together without
apparent reason; that she ran and hid her
face in the lounge pillow; and a shot, the
voices of Gurley and the master, and the
bounding steps of some one running away
all mingled together.
Mrs. Barker looked ghastly'when Painter
was laid on the lounge. Phoebe herself sat
a moment on the floor beside the lounge.
She heard Gurley ride off for a physician
and officers of justice.
Afterwards she waited by the kitchen
stove while Mr. Barker and his wife attend
ed to the wounded man. There was no fire
in the stove, but she could see the hearth
shine through the open sitting-room door,
and count bricks along the front of the
Here Mrs. Barker brought her a bit of
paper and in agitation told her that Painter
wrote it and sent it. She bent toward the
distant firelight to make out the characters,
and noticed that though traced by an un
steady hand they were clear and beautiful.
At first merely the name James Fawcett
attracted her ; then she walked to the fire
place intent only on reading what was
written, and it was: "You are my child.
"No!" said Phoebe, turning toward the
wounded man and questioning him with
negatives: "Nos Nol"
One of Mrs. Barker's quilts covered him
up to the armpits. He was looking at
Phoebe with wide open and agonized blue
eyes. His sensitive lower face she saw was
like the portrait in the Fawcett library.
"No!" she repeated, twisting the paper in
her fingers, "if" 4
He nodded his head, and besought her by
a gesture to come nearer. In his hands.
were a pencil and paper tablets which Mrs. e
Barker had taken out of his pocket for him. I
He was shot through the body, and the
doctor, brought later by Gurley, could do F
little more for him than had already been
Mr. Barker satnear his patient's feet, rug-i
gedly silent and stern as if justice were gath
ering all forces in him. His wife held a light,
resting her elbow in her palm, and looked
anxiously from Phobe to the wounded s i
She stood behind his head and let her lnp
shine on his tablets. Sometime during the,
confusion Orcutt had been waked. Phoebe
remembered hearing his mother command]
his return to bed.]
As Painter beckoned again Phocbe went
to him, not reluctant but unconvinced, and 1
rested oa the floor looking at him.
His hand flew from side to side of his tab
lets, and when he gave them to her Mrs.
Barker moved a step to shift the light.
"If I tried to talk," he said on paper, "you
could not understand my voice. My deform
ly still mortifies me eo I can not bear to
display it before my child. I used to talk
thusto your mother. We had long, silent con
versations, sittingside by side. Her name was
Pheebe. You are her over again, a little ex
panded. Do you ranember whea you
brought me the maple sugari"
Instead of replying aloud Phoebe took
his pencil and wrote:
"Yes. But why have you been away from
He put swiftly dowa, "because 1 thought
you were dead. When you camfe to me
with that maie sugar I was startled, and
my thoughts began to wtrk. Then I heard
your name was Phobhe White. I fgund the
boy Thorney was with you. Still I had no
certain proof until this afternoon when I
read a note you had sent by a boy through
the woods. I unfolded It as some trifling
property of his, and read your history, even
to Thane White's name. Then I got ready
to come after you. I brought in my breast
pocket the papers which will ideitify me. I
went to the house nearest the school-house
where I knew you lived; but they could not
ind you.: So, as you had written to Mr.
Barker for help, I came directly here. You
are my child, and your name is PhdI.be Paw
ett. You were born eighteen years ago in
San Francisco, and your mother died when
you were two-and-a-half years old. 1 spent
much time in Nevada, where I was interest
ed in mines. Your mother was devoted to
me. I took pleasure in enterprise then.
left home when a boy, determined to make
my family proud of me when I came bask,
In spite of my defect. It turned out dlf
erently. 1 have lived here in the woods,
rot caring even to claim my rights in the
estate. There was no one to inherit after
e. I have covered my identity up as muchi
as possible. Now it would be different. But
when I could live I must die."
He gave the tablets to Phocbe and covered
his eyes with one hand, his mouth set with
physical agony. She dashed over the words,
and advanced a little nearer to him oii her
"But, father," she ssaid, aloud.
He started from head to foot, immediate
ly whitening with the pang this stait gave
"Father," she said again, this time af
Armatively, "father, f ather!"
She arched one arm over his head and
was held to his breast. Mrs. Barker, mak
ing a sympathetic grimace, shifted the
lamp unsteadily, but her husband sat as
Phcebe caught her breath with a sob and
explained to them, raising her face: "-All
shatn heha li l Wm on
to have been with him. I'm his child and
de needed my care ! 0, father!"
In her excess of mother-like passion her
palm constantly smoothed his lean cheek
ina her fluttering finger-tips petted him.
She felt fierce toward his persecutors. The
tears dripped from her cheeks upon him.
"How you have been cheated, you dear!
Ind I never suspected such a thing. And
wve'd have been such friends together! I
hought Thoruey and 1 had all the hard
times, when you were living that lonesome
ife! We can have our relationship now,
athe:. we can have our relationship now !'"
Mrs. .Barker shook her head at Phcebe to
ndicate ti't it was bad for the patient to be
gitated. Sue then turned away, holding
ho lamp at arm's length, and wiped her
ace carefully ; and Phobe leaned in silence
gainst the pillow.
With pencil and tablets her father re
"When your mother died I lost heart and
very thing went Liy with me. I wanted
o stay by myself and experiment in chem
cals. It was my dissipation. There was
nobody to take proper care of you. so I
)oncluded to bring you home and make all
?ECBE READI\1 WHILE HEK FATUEK WROTE4
ny arrangements. Thane White was in
lifornia then. He was a third or fourth
:ousin of your mother's, a worthless creat
.re, but whe helped him on account of his
Phoebe, reading while her father wrote,
quired at once:
"isn't Thorney my brother, then e"
"No; Thornev is Thane's sun. Your
nother was kind to the miserable little
oul. We kept him with us; his lather was
>rutal to him. I gave Thane emiloymient
or several years. He bore a bad name
,vheu he camne to the coast, and was prob
ably worse than I knew ;but we could hardly
shake him off. I never imagined theni that
se would separate my child from me and
inally shoot me. Your mother had known his
wife in the States, a poor, dejected young
oman who died early; and the boy Thwrn
:y was only half-witted. When I read in
our note how Thane had used you, it
eemed as if I had never suffered before in
ny life! And you forced to appeal to a
tranger while your father lived: The sight
f him filled me with such fury I don't
mow what I might have done if he had not
TO BE CONTINUED]
FORTUNE CAME TOO LATE.
iss Catherine Gaffney Mentally and Phys
(New York Star, Aug. 1.)
Miss Catherine Gafney, who has sud
lenly fallen heir to $50,000. is still in the
lmshouse on Blackwell's Island, where
he has been an inmate for three years and
ight months. Since last March she has
een in the hospital of the almshouse.
A reporter of the Star called at the hos
)ital yesterday to see the fortunate woman.
.arden Vought, the genIal manager of the
Lmshouse, and the matron, conducted the
eporter into a neatly kept and well-ligthted
ard and stopped before a feeble, old lady
if arose. He cheeks were sunken, her
tyes were dim and her voice trembled. Her
nemory had faded from her. She is '6
rears old. Her fortune had come to her so
ate in life that it seemed to mock her. She
lid not know the wardezi first, and asked
uim if he was her brother. He replied that
ue was the warden, and the old lady replied:
'To be sure; I remember you now. God
less you, warden. They have been very
ood and gentle to me here."
A young man and a young woman,
iephew and niece of Miss Gaffney, called
esteday forenoon to see the old lady and
aid that they would take her away today.
[hey told Warden Vought that they would
end clothes up to the island for the old
ady and would provide well for her after
he went away. The young man is T. V.
sheridan, who is one of the heirs.
The old lady was asked if she would like
o go away. She relied: "No, I should
ather stay in the almshouse. I like it very
el. They are very kind to tue."
Miss Gaffney was brought to the alms
ouse when she was two years past three
core and ten. From the day she entered
ill the day she inhexited her fortune no
unman being ever visited her or inquired
but her. When it wvas learned that she
uad inherited a large anmout of umoney two
>f- her kinfolks rushed for the island at
>nce. The visit ot her niece and nephew
resterday was the first she had received
lince she entered the institution..
"Paren~ts seldom bring ther children to
,he lmshouse," said Warden Vought, "but
:hildren often bring their parents here.
W~hen the children see their parents safely
ntalled in the almshouse they kiss their
nother 'good-bye" and shake hands with
heir father. Then they say to their parents:
Oh, yes, we'll come and see you.' and are
>ff They come to see them once, andl gen
*rlly they never come again. If their
arents should unexpectedly inherit a great
leal of money they would come over to see
hem with a carriage.
"When Miss Gaffney came to the alms
iouse, she told me tihe story of her rich
rother, Patrick H. Gaffney of C'hicago.
At her request I wrote himz two letters, in
~orming him of his sister's .situatiion. In
aswer to the letters, he sent her two dIOl
ars twice, there being a considerabile in
erval of time between the two gifts.
"Misa GIatTuey was an intelligent and
ady-like woman and has never given uis
ny trouble. She was a very pleasant and
and interesting talker up to some months
ago, when her health failed her."
Miss Gaffney has a brothe~r in Buffalo,
before referred to, and another brother,
Matthew Gaffney, in Brooklyn. She is
eir to but a fourth part of her dead brother's
state, valued at $150,000, and will proba
bly et about $35,000, instead of the $50,
)0 it was thought would fall to her. The
physician thinks she has btut a short time
o enjoy her fortune.
Mr. Blaine will review an immense
Repblican procession from a hotel
balony when he arrives in New York.
Ee had better steer clear of New York
dotels. Burchard's B. B. R. may hap
THE MEETING AT SUMTER.
Speeches by Governor Rtichardson, Itient.
Gov. Mauldin and Others.
(From the News and Courier.)
The meeting appointed by the State
Democratic Executive Committee to be
held at Sumter, for the seventh Con
gressional district, came off on the Jst
Speeches were made by Gov. Richard
son, Lieut.- Gov. Mauldin, Attorney
General Earle, Comptroller General
Verner and Capt. B. R. Tillman.
The Governor and the Lieutenant
Governor spoke generally to the same
effect as at the previous meetings. Capt.
Tillman's speech contained nothing new.
Comptroller General Verner spoke of
the State finances. He invited Capt.
Delgar to ask two farmers in the meeting
to exmine their two sets of figures, and
decide whether he or Capt. Tillman was
correct in his statement of the differ
ences between the expenses of 1878-79
Tillman: "Take Gen. Moore and Gen.
Earle, both are respected."
Verner: "I will show the committee
what a manipulator of figures you are."
He read the correspondence between
himself and Capt. Tillman on the vexed
question and Capt. Tillmrn's statements
at Chester on Monday. There was a
lively and continued running tilt on this
matter between the two. Here is the
summing up of it.
Capt. Tillman charged that Mr. Ver
ner, in his statement of the differences
between the fiscal years of 1878-79 and
1886-87,bad used the comptroller's report
for 188687, and the treasureir's
report for 1878-79, and that he gave as a
difference, after taking off the funded
interest of $192,000, only $27,000. Mr.
Tillman claimed that this was done fore
partisan purposes. In the figures which
Capt. Tillman gave the reporter of The
News and Courier, which were published
Tuesday, he claimed to prove that he
had proven substantially the correc'.ness
of his statement in the recent Democrat
ic Convention, but when pressed by Mr.
Verner he admitted that he had culled
out of the treasurer's statement for 1878
79 the figures which he used to swell the
difference to $237,000, they being in
cluded in the aggregate expenditures for
the year 1878-79, as shown by the trea
sure's report. That is, he admitted doing
just what he had charged the comptroller
general with doing. He claimed he was
right in doing it, however.
Capt. Tillman and Mr. Verner alter.
nated in speaking on this subject and
there was the liveliest interest among
the audience and much confusion.
ArroRNEY GENERAL EARLE.
was now loudly called for. He defeated
the State Government from the charges
made against it and reviewed the State's
work in education.
This talk about reducing taxation, he
said, was demagogic. If legislators
were untrue to the beheets of the people,
let them be turned out and new men put
in their places.
Again, in answer to Capt. Tillman, he
said he was willing to abolish the annex
so-called and give its funds to the agri
Capt. Tillman announced that the
Hatch fund had been stolen from the
farmers and that the agricultural board
did not represent them. Col. Earle dis
sented from Capt. Tillman's position in
regard to the privilege tax fund. That
should not go to the agricultural college.
It belonged to the people.
Tillman: "The agricultural board don't
represent the people."
Earle: "Put them out, then."
Tillman: "But the Legislature is ma
' Earle: "Then put out the members.
Capt. T.1illman is not the State. He
mustn't expect everybody to trail after
After a lively passage beyond the reach
of reporting, Gen. Earle said:
"I approve many things you advocate,
but do not abuse people without cause.
Do not charge a class with wrong-doing
and array class against class."
Tillman: "I've said harder things
against farmers than lawyers. l've called
them fools and puppets."
Earle: "You cannot point to a single
South Carolina Representative in Demo
cratic days who has stolen a dollar."
Tillman: "I don't know about that.
There are some fishy things," [Great
confusion, the entire platform being cov
ered with excited men crowding about
the couple. Cries of "Put him up to
Earle: "Come out openly and say it."
Tillman, with hesitation and looking
awkward: "A reputable man in Marion
charges-(and then he repeated Big
ham's slander about Governor Thomp
son.) I don't endorse it, but I was in
the House myself when Dean made that
report Bigham says he did. The News
and Courier tnis morning has a reply
mentioning a lot of things in the man
sion, but that is not conclusive to me."
Verner, excitedly: "That schedule was
copied from records in my office. There
is not a scintilla of truth in that accusa
tion; not a scintilla."
Tillman. doggedly: "Glad to hear
some one deny it."
Earle: "Then the thing that looks
fishy has disappeared. With all respect
for Governor Thompson, if a man will
make an affidavit against him I will have
him brought to South Carolina and tried.
But don't let us have these accusations."
Tillman: "It's not my charge, not my
Earle: "Not your business when a
Governor of the State is accused of
Tillman: "I would be ashamed to
make the charge."
Earle: "Ashamed to accuse Governor
Thompson, and not ashamed to accuse
the Legislature of stealing agricultural
Tillman: "Am I under cross-examina
Earle: "I ask you to specify anid
Tillman: "I'm satisfied about Gov
ernor Thompson, but the people are
Mr. H. R. Thomas, Tillman's lieuten
ant, interrupted with some sneer at Geuo.
Earle's showing off his ability as a law
Earle: "I am fishing for trout, not for
minnows. While 1 respect Capt. Till
man, I think he has got one of the poor
est lieutenants I ever saw."
The meeting ended amid great conf L
Verner's departure had been intense.
Calls were made for Col. Dargan, but
he had left. Capt. Tillman left imme
diately after dinner, to spend the night
with a friend in the country.
The Meeting at Florence.
The meeting at Florence on the 2d
inst. was a very noisy one--the noise be
ing made chiefly by the followers of Mr.
Bigham, now a candidate for the Senate
from Marion county. Speeches were
made by Governor Richardson, Lieut.
Governor Mauldin and Captain Tillman
and Col. B. W. Edwards. No new
points were developed. Then came
Mr. Bigham, of whose speech and the
subsequent proceedings the News and
Courier contains the following report:
Mr. Bigham opened by declaring that
he had been grossly misrepreented by
the "clicks" and rings of Marion coun
His subsequent remarks could only be
heard in fragments above the din, but
he secured silence when he turned to the
News and Courier Reporter and de
manded a fair report. The reporter un
fortunately has not the most patient
temper in the world, and jumping up he
shouted: "You seem to be an infernal
ass, and if you don't shut up and attend
to your business you will get hurt. Stick
to your text, and prove if you can that
you are not a slanderer, but leave me
Mr. Bigham remarking, "I know if I
fail to prove it I will deserve a whipping
and get one," proceeded with his labori
ous task. He first quoted Governor
Richards'n's remarks in Greenville as
to him, and said that the Governor this
morning, when he spoke to him at the
hotel on the subject had "eaten dirt"
and said he was "willing to take it
back." [Note- Governor Richardson
subsequently told the reporter that this
was a lie out of the whole cloth. No
decent man will doubt which to believe.]
Above the disturbance Mr. Bigham
was heard to say:
"I'm a goin' to whip out the State."
The next thing heard was a declara
tion that the News and Courier had pub
lished everything against him and would
not publish his replies. If he sent any
thing to the News and Courier they
would keep it for eight or ten days until
they could consult the "elick." Then
turning to the reporter of the paper he
began to instruct him to note this, that
or the other thing about the News and
The reporter got over the benches and
up to Mr. Bigham, and told him that he
could not talk at thi News and Courier
through him. That if he had any com
plaint against the home office he could
go to (5arleston and make it there.
That if he wanted satisfaction in
Charleston he could go down and help
himself, and that if he wanted any here
from the representative of the paper he
could have it then and there and wel
come. These remarks were emphasized
by the vigorous shaking of a fist within
a few inches of Mr. Bigham's classic
nose. The wildest excitement prevailed.
A party of Bighamites were preparing,
it is stated, for a raid on the Reporter,
when a counter-movement was made by
the more respectable element; and unex
pected backing came from many quar
ters. A number of prominent citizens
expressed their satisfaction at the snub
bing Mr. Bigham was receiving, and
were apparently desirous of seeing a
regular tilt inaugurated, but M:. Big
ham, having taken the hint and returned
without a word to other subjects, the
Reporter had no reason to continue the
Mr. Bigham was now frequently inter
rupted by questions. Dr. Weatherly
cornered him about the furniture matter.
Mr. Bigham declared that he had never
said that Governor Thompson stole the
frniture. Dr. Weatherly insisted on a
ves or no answer as to .whether he did
teal it, but Mr. Bigham dodged the
question. He gave a long statement as
to the matter, which, as well as could be
heard, was simply a rehash of his letter
to the News and Courier upon the sub
ject, and since answered and refuted
conclusively in the News and Courier.
He gave not one new piece of evidence,
simply stating that he did not believe
Cl. Sloan's statement or the circum
stances reported about the inventory.
He could not find in the Journals of the
House any mention of the resolution
Governor Richardso. said he had passed.
Dr. Weatherly: "Why did not you
fight tbese furniture appropriations in
Bigham: "I had the Marion County
licks and rings to attend to."
Mr. Bigham having commenced a sen
tence as follows: "Solomon being the
wisest man that ever lived," was inter
rupted by a chorus of ironic ejaculations:
"Except Bigbam!" Theu Mr. Bighanm
turned on lDr. Weatherly with the qus
tion: "If you object to this, why didl not
you send other representatiyes from Ma
Dr. Weatherly, (devoutly): "Would to
God we had not sent you, Mr. Bigham!"
One of Mr. Bigham's audible remar-ks
was that he had expected Governor
Rchardson to stay and henar him.
Another was that Col. Jo'hn C. Hlaskell,
fies up figures so that the farmer can
not understand him them. Then because
$16 60) bad been paid by Glovernor Rtich
ardsoni for gas consumed at the Mansion
and about its grounds durinug Governor
Shepard's Administration when no family
lived in the house, the [undt for the pur
pose of the fiscal yetar just closed being
exhausted, Mr. Bighamn gravely an
nounced that the G~over-nor had been
guilty of a penal offence, and .that he
hd proved it on him, and that lhe should
be punished for it as imopartially as the
man who stole a 2!5 cent cbieken. . f thio
people of Marion endlorse the principles
of John P'eter Richardson, said he, they
must send s'me one else to, the Senate.
[Voics: "We will do it !"j 1 don't want
the votes of sueh people. T[he Legisla
tre, he declared, had proved by its
action that it was unwilling to trust John
Peter Richardson with the furniture in
the Governor's Mansion without taking
his receipt for it. If a member of the
Housue conld make such a stir as this in
a short time, what could not he do if he
was sent to the Senate and put on a com
mittee of investigation? [ Voices: "Why
did not you investigate when you were
there?" "Oh you could make a line dog
of the treasury if you could only get
back!"j He accused Governor Richard
son of liotching the State House and
misappropriating money while a member
of the State House commission, and was
going on in the same indecent style when
the Ilnprters who were tired out and
disgusted left him at 4.30 P. M. to hun
snme food. They were told afterwardi
that be continued, to the end his attacki
on the whole Administration.
DR. SINoLETARY'S SPEECH.
Dr. Singletary had been waiting lone
for a chance to express himself. Wher
Mr. Bigham ceased, he addressed thi
meeting in somewhatthe following terms
"Fellow-citizens of Florence: I an
surprised and mortified that you should
have stood here to hear such a blanked
set of hypocrites and scoundrels as Till
man and Bigham, I am deeply ashamed
of this event. I could hardly control my,
self when this scoundrel Bigham abused
a man of honor and integrity. like Gover
nor Richardson. Why are these fellows
so mad with the Government of Sount
Carolina? Because, by George, its mem
bers are gentlemen, and gentlemen art
the only hope of the State."
More .vas said by the. angry orator,
and it's declared that he received the
most liberal and continuous applause of
the day. His remarks above are given at
the earnest request of prominent citizens
of Marion Cunuty.
Lem Gadsden, the worst negro Radical
in the town, is said to have led the hur
rahing for Bigham, and it is further
stated that Bigham received the hand
shakes of the negroes upon his conclu
A PROMISED ITOGRAPHY OF BtoHAM.
Mr. Bigham's active tongue will soon
be called to his own defense. It was
announced that Gen. W. W. Harllee will
publish in the n xt issue of the Marion
papers some account of Mr. Bigham, in
which will be included information that
in a certain trial he swore in Court that
he did not believe his own mother on
oath, and that he brought two witnesses
from another county to testify against
her veracity. The good people of Ma
rion have realized rather late rhe mistake
they made in not scotching the Bigham
snake when it first raised its fiead.
SAM JONES OF GEORG[A.
He Talks in His Peculiar Way About Poll
tka and Rteligion.
(From the Chicago Herald )
Rev. Sam Jones stopped over night at
the Sherman House. He is on his way
to Madison, Wis., to lecture. "I think
the importance of my work is increas
ing," said he, "I have a thousand or two
thousand applications for me ahead. The
earnestness of the people who listen to
me is shown by their number and the
results that come. As for prohibition
in the South, the number of voters isn't
a fair criterion of the temperance senti
ment. The largest vote will probably
be in Georgia, 10,000 or more. I hope
the Republican party will be defeated be
cause then it will break to pieces and a
prohibition party will be formed. The
new party ought to take up other ques
tions, also the Sunday question, for in
instance. It has come to such a pass
that we won't have any Sunday in this
country in eight or ten years. I believe
in the grand Jeffersonian principles of
the Democratic party, but I can't go the
whole hog. I don't think a man can be
a Christian and be a Democrat. If he is
a good Christian he will be a mighty
weak-kneed Democrat, and if he is a
good Democrat there won't be much
spine to his Christianity." Mr. Jones
had not made up his mind as to whom
he would vote for.
Vitality of Bernutla ras Seed.
The July Bulletin of the Experiment
al Station of this State contains the fol
In the May Bulletin the result of a
test of the vitality of a sample of this
seed was given, in whicha, at a tempera
ture of '70 degrees, none could be made
to germinate, although remaining in the
apparatus for a mouth.
Since then the tests have been con
tinued, but at higher temperature, viz.,
80 to 85 degrees, or still lower than that
to which the seed would be exposed in
the soil. The result has been that 65
per cent. of good seed have germinated,
43 per cent. of the germs appearing on
the third and fourth days, 8 per cent, on
the fifth day, and the remaining 14 per
cant. during the following thirteen days.
TIhe sample as purchased contained
19.13 per cant. of i-npurities, such as
trash and foreign .seed. The per cent.
value of the sample is therefore 54.6.
Still further tests to be made at high
er temperatures may show a higher ger
The different results obtained at differ
ent temperatures furnish valuable guid
ance to the farmer in sowing seed of this
grass. The plant is a native of warm
elimuates, and only perftects its seeds in
low latitude.s, and these require for
germination a sufficient warmth of soil.
Our results seem to show that plantings
should be miade not later in the fall than
the middle of October, nor earlier in the
spring than April 10th.
An Ab,,urd Fashion.
Unconsciously perhaps,, several men
here in Jacksonville have fallen into a
London fad- -that of shaving the upper
lip. There is an organized movemient
at the English capital against the mus
tache and attempts ar-e being made by
the Anglo-maniacs in this country to
popularize it here. T1his has proved a
dlead failure in Philadelphia. The Record
of that city remarks that it has beeni
cle-arly demonstrated that "most men
wouhi sooner part with their little fingers
than with their mustache." Why, no
one seems to know. A mustacheless man
has no charm for a girl who is looking
for a husband. Villains and heroes all
wear beautifully trained and formed lip
covers. Audl physicians say that a bare
lip is injulrious to the eyes, the mus~tache
servinig to b'reak the downward fall of
one's visioii somiewhiat. - Jacksonville
Arraniginig the Republicau Camipaignx.
Nsw Y'mai, A'ugust 2.-The Executive
Committee of the National ltkpublican
Commlilttee went into ssionl -at noon today.
le:e- were present, Chairman Quay and
Cnuiiteemien Clarkson, I lobart, New,
Fessendlen andl Duidley. No informtation
was vouichsatfed' as to' tei r putrposes, but it
is probable- that they- will <hi-:l with all the
oceessiries piertininzg to' c:,upaign busi
ne.ss. It was anii-ii'red thait the campaign
wou'ild begIin in :laine-, and the lion. James
(A. slalie is booiikedl to speak in Augusta
iu August 15. Gen. W. H Gibson, of
(.hi, and1 Gen. Li. I1. Grosvenor will leave
for 31ame tn a few days. They will make
speeches during the campaign in different
nrtrnf the State.
AN ISLAND FULL OF GOLD.
The Romance of the Treadwell Mine in
Alanka--"It Cuntaina Enough of the
Metal to Pay the National Debt"--ock
that Will Require a Century to Exhauat.
It was whispered from time to time in
the last year that Alaska has the richest
gold mine in the world, but people who
heard fragments of the story simply
shrugged their shoulders and paid no
further attention to the subject. Inves
tors in mining property have been fleeced
so often that every enterprise for getting
the precious metals out of the earth
bears to their eyes the marks of a swindle.
And then (barring the beautiful fur seal)
they think there is nothing in that far
off country but Thlinkets, Hydahs, Chii
kats, muskrats, icebergs, glaciers, and
other unmerchantable articles. Only a
few o' the more favored tourist who have
been let into some of the secrets of the
small clique owning the property appre
ciate the great wealth that is looked. up
in the forbidding cliffs on the shore
about two hundred miles north of Sitka.
It is no concern of the insiders to have
the world know that they own millions
of tons of rock into which long ages ago
the precious metal was so' generously
filtered. They have no mine for sale.
It is the little fellows owning holes in
the ground which have been heavily
stocked who want to sell. They are con
tent to quietly dig out 100 per cent. a
month in this dark corner of the earth.
Modest fellows they are.
On the west side of the Gastinean
Channel, says the Chicago Tribune. with
in pistol shot of the mainland and under
the shadow of preceptous mountains, is
Douglas Island. Just back from the
shore, in a cliff 800 to 1,000 feet high, is
a horizontal shaft 400 feet wide and nany
hundred feet long. At intervals along
the top of the cliff are perpendicular
shafts. This is the Treadwell Mine. It
is said that some rock has been taken
out which yields as high as$200 per ton,
but that is exceptional. Tne statement
of one intellgent man is that the average
is $9 per ton, that it costs $1.50 per ton
to convert the raw material intogold bars,
and that 300 tons of rock can be reduced
per day. These figures being correct,
the net product of the mine is $675,000
a year, allowing only 300 working days.
Another authority estimated that the
output for the year 1887 would be $100,
000 per month, or $1,200,000 per year,
and the yield this year certainly cannot
be less. Diamond drills have been ran
long distances in various directions and
show no change in the character of the
rock or the ore. A thousand feet below
the level of the earth it's just the same.. It
sounds extravagant, but experts who
have made careful investigation deilare
that there is unquestionably enough gold
in this mine to pay the national deft
(about $1,200,000,000) and that there are
many million dollars' worth of pay rock
in sight. The confidence of the owners
of the propety is shown by the fact that
they have in peration more stamps than
there are in any other mill in the world.
The appeciation of the mine by other
people is indicated by a bid of $16,000,
000 which was made for the propersy
some months ago. This is a case, how
ever, when the insiders don't want to get
out and the outsiders cannot get in.
The mine was named forits discoverer. -
Treadwell was an old Californian of long
experience in mining. He was one of a
great number of people who, knowing
that there are valuable mineral deposits
in Alaska, went there prospecting. The
natives, a good-natured lot, are always '
on hand to take tourists and explorers
along the coast almost any distance.
Many old miners are constantly testing
the rocks with hammer and glass. They
have located deposits of gold, silver, cop
per, iron and other metals, but it ss
reserved for Treadweli to lind this mnass
of gold-bearing rock. It is said that
when he first visited it there was a vein
of gold running conspicuously up and
down the face o1 the clitE -After satis
fying 1.imself that it was worthy of far
titer tests, he went to California, bought
someznachinery, and then returned. It
required but little woik with thismachine
ry to excite his cupidity to the nighest
pitch. Having secured hic rights in the
claim, he went to San Francisco with
some specimens of the ore. Senator
Jones of Nevada was at that time in bad
luck and poor. It was his opportunity.
He went up to Alaska and was convinced
that another fortune was his if he could
get control of the Treadwell Mine. He
rormned a syndicate and was given a quar
ter interest in the profits of thie mine as a
consideration. Treadwell, it is said, re
ceived $1,000,000 in cash and a small
percentage of the profits. The stock of
the company is now owned mainly by
four persons, of whom Jones and a) 0.
Mills are two. Some wealthy Chicago
men, including'C. B. Farwell, S. A. Kent
and P'resident Blackstone of the Alton
road, have been allowed to examine the
property, but it is not believed that they
have any financial interestin it. The mine
employs natives and Cornishmen as
laborers, paying them $2.50 per day and
upward, aud has already become quite a
center of miscellaneous business.
With California losing its prestige as a
gold-producing country, Australia disap
pointing its friends, and other parts of
the earth failing to meet expectations,
the students of finance are lookingabout
the world for a new sourse of supply.
Perhaps Alaska will fulfill the require
ments. Burmah, a mysterious country,
of whieh Americans know even less than
of their own Alaska, is said to have
enormous btores of gold ore, of the loca
tion of which nobody but a few persons
connected with the Government know
anything, but developments cannot be
expected there for many years. Mean
while Alaska will come to the front. At
all events, people who have seen the
Treadwell like to remark: "Alaska was
certainly worth the $7,200,000 Seward
paid for it twenty years ago."
P'3A%0s AND) O1GANS.
One thousand Pianos and Organs to
c:ose out by October 1. All Organs and
Pianos sold at cash price, payable
November 1-no interest-deliverelt to
your nearest depot. Fifteen days trial.
Organs from $24 up; Pianos from $150
up. All instruments warranted. Send
for circulars. Buy now and have the
use of the instrument. Remember we
pay freight both ways if the instrument
don't suit. Prices guaranteed less than
N. W. TRUMP,
* Columbia, S. C.
A woman seldom preserves her temper
when she is canning fruit.