Newspaper Page Text
VOL. III, MANNING, CLARENDON COUNTY, S. C., WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 16, 1888. NO. 31.
A Brother's Keeper.
I OI'S 101 OF LOVE iHD DUTY.
! Kary HaTWnL hTnEEWOOD,
Auson o0r "CRAQUR 0' DOoL," "STstan
QGtaz," "Tan Loin Ma.'s
CAnz," MM1 Oruma STon s,
"Does he look as he used to, father?"
" I scarcely noticed. I knew it was Thane
White. The muscles of his face look ex
posed, and twitched."
"'It must have been you he meant when
he told me there was somebody in the neigh
borhood he wanted to avoid."
" If he saw me as I ordinarily go he did
not recognize me to-night until I turned on
him. What did he do with you when he
landed inthe States!"
" He must have put Thorney and me in
that orphan asylum at Pittsburgh. He has
been in prison often. Did you know that,
"Yes, I hunted him up behind the bars,
and he repeated to me on oath that you
were dead, You were lost overboard at
sea. I sent him from Virginia City a week
before I intended to start, to take passage
for us on an isthmus steamer. May be I
gave him enough money to make it a
temptation. May be the idea &me into his
head suddenly, and he carried it out, in
tending to make me pay him well for re
storing you. It Is hard to read all the
motives of a man like Thane White. Aft
erwards he found I was poor, and dropped
you where it was most convenient, reveng
ing himself for his disappointment by de
laring you were dead. He went over to
Ba Francisco and engaged passage two
days ahead of the time I wanted to sail.
Then he delivered my letter to the lady
who had you in charge; she was a friend of
your mother's. I asked her to have you
ready against I came for you. Thane's boy
-I kept him at the same place-and you
were allowed to go on the street with
Thane. You were about three years old.
He never brought you back. The family
lent for me. We found he had sailed
with you, and I believe he took no nurse. I
could not discover what vessel brought him
to New York; and he said you were lost
overboard between the isthmus and that
port. I spent mouths tracking him, and,
finally, a letter from him, which had fol
lowed me around, brought news of your
death. I never believed it until I saw him
in prison, and he swore it to me without
having any conceivable object in doing so.
May be I was more readily disheartened
than when your mother lived."
- "Father," wrote Phoebe on the tablets,
"we seem so well acquainted. My heart
ached so about you the night we took you
that maple sugar that I could hardly endure
1L Do I look at all like I used to?"
"Yes," he wrote in reply. "From the
day of your birth your face was very dis
tinctly marked. I can see your baby face In
-your features yet."
"Psyche Fawcett is my own cousin, isn't
"Ye_ Andiahs :must divide with you.
There was another thing which struck me
like conviction before I could be certain. I
saw you standing before my portrait, and
*n showed the Fawcett as well as your
mother's blood. It was young Gurley who
,came with you the first time Isaw you-was
"And he was here to-night!"
"Yes. He is bringing the doctor. The
bullet will be takes out and you will get
"I like to see him about you. He's a man.
Remember Isaid this."
"But, dear, your pain is not very great
now, is it?"L
-"Not very. My mind feels easy. If you
push the quilt in there is room enough for
you to sit on the lounge beside me."
Phoebe sat there until the doctor came. It
was twelve o'clock by the time the examina
.tion was finised and the doctor remained
biy his patient.
Phcabe resumed her seat by her father
and watched bim all night. Be dozed or
sunk Into unconsciousness, and woke with
a smile to write recollections about her
mother. He lived over the San Francisco
honeymoon, and he was in the mountains
asaying ore. Several times he was re
celled to the present by strong anguish.
The doctor then dealt with him, and his
girl afterward wiped the dampness from
Neither Mrs. Barker nor the master left
her. The lamp burned on the table until a
growing pallor outside betokened morning.
"Miss Fawcett will come to see him to
morrow," said Phcube to the doctor, speak
lng as If the day weg still remote. "Mr.
Gurley Intends to bring her. Will that dis
turb him too much?"
"Oh, no," replied the doctor, "no."
"Don't you think he is better?" inquired
Phcabe, when the cocks in the master's
chikean-house began to crow.
"Perhaps I ought to tell you," the phy
sician said aside to her," that I dread a
She comprese ber mouth and suddenly
felt the efetof her vigil, her excitement,
and her days of contest with'lTbane.
Still, her father was quet in half-con
scious slumber when Mrs. Barker lighted
the breakfast fire and the master brought
a of water from the well. -
animate things out doors were begin
ning to stir, and the air which came in was
fresher than ever before ashi it blew out of
Paradise full of odos and promises. The
early spring birds were all about, and the
fler'S thrill was beard close by the win
" That bird's song always smells of
yohnny-jump-ups-the Arly blue violets,"
said Phoebe, with a smile, to the doctor.
The doctor's answering smile was tran
ulent, for his patient awoke In a struggle.
"Fatheri" cried Phoebe. "b~ear? Why,
In four months the bird-songs had deep
ened in color and oaor until an imaginative
pesnmight find them vivid as scarlet and
brting with fragrance. Summer spread
up from the tropics transforming the North
ern world. The yearly miracle, which nev
er ceases to be marvelous, was nearly com
pleted; not a spear of grass was lacking to
the wide fleece of verdure; the leaves were
at their darkest; stalwart rag-weed grew
in the fence corners; the roses were long
ago tired of blooming at their freshest; the
corn stood as high as a man's shoulder, and
only yellow stubble showed where the wheat
had been. Mrs. Barker's garden was rank
with onions, late beans and cabbages. The
potato vines had even begun to droop in
token that their fruit was ripening. Tom
Bolmes' farm swarmed with threshers,
and his house was swallowed by vines wav
ing their aspiring tendrils over their time
knotted joints. The apple trees had formed
green fists to shake at every passing boy.
Improvements, independent of summer,
were going forward about Gurley's home
stead. Afish-pond was being erected and the
front drive ornamented. The sash-frames
for a conservatory were starting out at one
side of the house. Jesse Stone tramped
aross the hay fields, noticing the second
and speculating in unison with Mrs.
holsterers and paper-hangers - on what
might happen before another year.
But if summer merely triumphed other
wheres, it rioted around Psyche Fawcett's
home. The graperies, orchards and flower
borders were at their vividest. An awning
shaded the stone steps and dimmed and
cooled the hall, within which was visible
half the massive stairway.
Psyche sat in a hammock under the thok
est foliage, white from her hair to the toe
of her slipper, both extremes being tipped
with pale blue ribbon. She gave two large
palm fans to Gurley and tola him he could
employ both hands in her service until
Phoebe came down.
"Languidly for me, Cupid, but you'll have
to raise a hurricane over her; she has so
much more strength and color than I have.
The question at first was who shall be called
Miss Fawcett; we're almost of one age;
I'm scarcely a month younger. But she in
sisted I shall, and it won't make any differ
ence a few months from now. When I
think of that I would kick you, Cupid, if I
could only make it hurt. And she so
precious, and so much time wasted when I
didn't know she was my cousin!"
"Or even that I was to be your cousin,"
"Drusie Holmes is so reconciled to it,"
said Psyche, with a laugh. "You must no
tice the anxious attitudes she takes toward
Cousin Phoebe and the distant sweetness
with which Cousin Phobe treata her. There
has been a coldness between them, but I
suppose they will outlive it."
"On account of the persecutions she en
dured from the animal," said Gurley,
Psyche shivered, and set her hammock to
"That cooled me better than both fans.
But don't say another word about him. I
wish he was executed as well as sentenced.
It's hard to see our name printed with his,
and head-lines made of what he eats and
talks about. If I made the laws I should
smother such creatures in silence and de
cency as soon as they committed their
crimes. Poor Uncle Fawcetti Doyoumind
if I say something wicked?"
"Not at all," said Gurley.
"I can't say it to Cousin Phoebe, for she
wouldn't sympathize with me, but it's been
in my mind so long I feel as if I must ex
press it. Of course it was fearful for him
to be treated so, but-do you mind my say
ing something startlingly wickedi"
"On the contrary," replied Gurley, "there
are few things I enjoy more than your start
"Well, I'm glad he died. I guess it was
best for him. He wasn't comfortable at all,
and he would have madeitsouncomfortable
for all other folks. I'd got into the habit of
being afraid of him. You don't know what
a bereaved sense of relief I had when he
was actually covered up in the family lot.
We knew just where he was, then I He
would not want to look in at the window any
more. Now, Cupid, you know I could not
feel toward him as I do toward Cousin
Phoebe. He has been the bugaboo of my
ife. And the instant I saw her I was in
Jve with her. She grows more delicious as
we get on, too, and even Auntie can find no
fault with her. Don't mention it any where
that you saw me out of my mourning to
lay, will you!"
"I not iced some change in your appear
anee," said Gurley.
5Olh, thebladk ads~6mberness wouldkill
me if Inever slipped out of it. And she
doesn't take offense as perhaps Ishould with
my disposition if it were my father. Speak
"You were speaking about resignation,
"Well, speaking about resignation, then,
you don't know how resigned I could be if
that pet gorilla of Cousin Phobe's would
"I hope you don't refer to me," said
Gurley, throwing himself back in the arbor
ohair. "I assure you I will not only
"You know perfectly well whom I mean.,
She treats the tall beast as if he were no
nly hnman but of averge intelligence. I
o alllcan to terrify him on the sly. The
flutter of my garments inclines him to take
to his native wilds. Cupid, how any one
refined and really exquisite in manner and
nature as Cousin Phoebe is, can nourish a
kindness for that hslf-witted being, passes1
"She has always protected him," saidt
Qurley. "His uncouthness and stupidity.
she long ago accepted and tried to piece out
with her own gifts."
"Do you know," exclaimed Psyche, sittingl
upright, "I almost believe she would bring,
him to the table if he could be coaxed there4
without a ring in his nose. I shouldn't say
a word; it would be bard to go against;
what she liked. But thank Heaven he is~
too untamed to forage beyond the kltchen.i
There, however, he has a porcelain service!
to himself, and regularly breaks a cup like
those old heathen we read about after they;
had poured a special libation."
"Thorney will be comfortably provided'
for by and by,'' said Gurley, laughing.'"We*
have thought of giving him the cabin and'
land where your Uncle Fawcett lived. He'
was kind to the poor boy himself. I think
it would please him. Thorney would always
depend on us, but on the other hand, such,
a primitive base will suit him better than
porcelain surroundings. But you do touch
a responsive chord. The first time I saw
Thorney she called him her good little'
brther, and in a dim, half-conscious way I
ganged him as a brother-in-law. He went
against my proud stomach worse than Mc
Ardle, and when IPye said that I've said
"Cupid," said Psyche, arraigning him
with one finger, "it's very warm weather
and I don't like to think of any kind of ex
Psrcas sATr isaA HAMMOCK.
ertion; but you know you have been doing
something dreadful to McArdle that you
haven't told us There are rumors of it. it
catches like morning gossamer across one's
nose. What was it?"
"You don't want me to be the historian
of my own exploits?"
"Then you really did kick him or cuff him
in some brutal way?"
"Such unstinted .happiness was not for
me," said Gurley. "I barely allowed myself
to do what I had good reason for doing. He
made a sunfiintly insulting remark, and
the of my hand gave him a aninciently
there is about it."
"How I despise him!" flashed Psyche;
"the disagreeable thiug, to heat up one's
blood so in midsummer! Fan me. There
comes Cousin Phcebo, and 1 don't want to
look blowzed beside her."
Phoebe was trailing a long soft black
dress over the steps to meet the friend who
had come. She had flowers by her waist
and in her hair; they did not quarrel with
her mourning, but matched her young
cheeks. In that sunny weather it seemed
as if her lot had never been different.
FACTS ABOUT MOSS.
The Important Part Which It Performs
in the Work of the World.
We are accustomed to thinking of the
lovely moss as one of the ornamenting de
vices of nature; a pretty covering for sur
faces that would otherwise be hard and
bare, or else dank and repulsive, and a
graceful drapery for rocks and trees. In
the hundreds of varieties of mosses which
are -iwn to the botanists, there are many
which re so exquisitely beautiful in them
selves, so delicate in tint and texture, and
so soft and warm in effect, that we transfer
them to our houses for the uses of decora
The mosses, however, perform a part in
the work of the world which is more im
portant than that of decoration. In them
nature oftenmakes a beautiful beginning
toward clothing utterly waste places with a
soil upon which piants and trees may live,
and which may become capable of support
ing human life.
Upon the rocky surface of a ledge, in spots
where the force of the sun is least strong,
and where most moisture is found, we see
thin mosses forming. Gradually they grow
thicker and stronger. The patches that
they have made extend and meet each other
until a considerable surface is covered over.
As they develop, their growths decay, and
a rich, dark mold is formed beneath. The
seeds of other plants lodge in the moss,
which holds them fast, and the moisture
makes them sprout and grow, sending their
roots along the layer of mold. A begin
ning has been made for a vegetation upon
the rocks Gradually the mosses are driven
out by stronger plants, which run their
roots into the crevices of the rock; but the
moss, by its death, makes the life of the
herbage that follows it possible.
The grass grows where the moss made
its soft, feeble beginning; the decay of the,
grass thickens the turf from year to year,
and thus makes a soil at last upon which
beasts may graze, or which may be culti
vated. Or if, as is more likely, the sur
roundings tend to make a forest on the
spot rather than a grassy slope, the tiny
shrubs yield to larger bushes, and the bushes
make way for the trees, which, sending
their roots among the rocks, often rend
Perhaps the newest, and, in many ways,.
the strangest, use of moss is that to which
the quinine planters have found it may be
put. In taking the bark from the cinchona;
tree, from which quinine is obtained, strips
of untouched bark are left, in order that
the trees may not be killed. It has been
found that if moss is applied to the spaces
on the tree, which have been stripped of
their bark, a new bark forms; and this new
bark is actually richer in quinine than th
orignal portions.-YoutA. Companio.,
THE MONTHLY CROP REPORT
Of the Department of Agriculture of the
State of South Carolina.
The State Department of Agriculture
furnishes the following summary of 262
special county and township reports, show
ing condition of the principal crops on
August 1, 1888:
The reports of the State Weather Ser
vice show that during July, 1887, the rain
fall was 7.49 inches, and the reports from
29 stations for July. 1888, show it to have
been 3.63. The mean temperature for I
July, 1387. was 82; for July, 1888, 78.8. ]
The weekly bulletins of the serviceshow
tbat there was about the average amount ofi
sunshine during the month.
There has been a general Improvement
In cotton during the month of July, but
the seasons were more favorable in the
upper and middle than in the lower coun
ties. In many parts of the latter the
drought lasted from three to six weeks,
but except in a few localities rain fell on
the last days of the month. The crop has
not recovered from the effects of the unfa
vorable spring weather, and is from one to
two weeks later in maturing than in ordi-i
nary years. The plant is small but gen- 4
erally in fine condition and fruiting well. <
There Is some complaint of bad stands, and1
the plant in some localities Is reported to
to have been injured by lice. It has not
been injured by rust and shedding. This
is believed to be due to the lateness of the
crop in reaching maturity. On Edisto
Island long staple cotton is reported as
fully up to an average condition, and on
James Island 10 per cent. above an average.
Of the 262 reports received, only 10 report
the condition of the crop above 100, 34 re
port it at 100, 67 report it at between 90
and 100, the remainder reportin~g It at be
low 90. The general condition for the
State is reported as follows: Upper Caro
lina 85; Middle Carolina 85; Lower Caro
lina 89-avcrage 85, against 84 on the 1st1
July and 99 on the 1st August, 1887. 1
Both favorable and unfavorable reports
on the condition of corn have been re
ceived from the same townships, due to the
uneven distribution of rainfall. In some
localities the crop Is the best since 1882,
the early planting being nearly made. In
oihers, where the drought prevailed, the
early corn is comparatively a failure, whIle
the later planting has been greatly bene
fited by recent rains. The conditIon is re
ported as follows: Upper Carolina, 84;
middle Carolina, '17; lower Carolina, 78
average 79, against 99 at the same time In
1887 and 84 on the first of July.
The condition of rice Is repo- ted as fol
lows: Upper Carolina. 91; middle Corolina,
85; and In the lower counties, where 95
per cent. of the crop Is produced, 80
average for the State 85, against 97 at the
same time last year, and 9'.on the first of
The condition of the other crops Is re
ported as follows: Sorgum 88, sugar cane
87. peas 87, Irish potatoes 88 and sweet
A Fatal Tenement Fire.
NEw YORK, August 8.-At 4.10 o'clock
this morning the four story tenement house
at 1,020 Avenue A caught fire. The family
of Gustave Berg, who lived on the top
floor, were burned to death. They were
Gustave Berg, 40 years old, his wife, 36
years, his mother-in-law and his twelve
year old daughter, Gertie. The other oc
cupants of the liouse were Peter Block,
John Rup In, Samuel Stern, Thos. Fitz
gerald and Oliver Llchter. All their fur
niture was burned, but they escaped. The
building was owned by Peter Block.
Dama n2,00. Insured.
TiE CLOSE OF THE CAN ASS.
FARMER TILLMAN HAS A MEfRY OLD
TIME AT BLACKVILLE.
Last Meeting of the Campaign--Addresses
by Gov. Richardson and Lieut.-Gov.
Mauldin.-Tillman Gets In His Last Shot
Gov. Bonham Defends the Railroad
(Condensed from the Char:eston world.)
The last meeting of the political can
vass of the campaign of 1888 was held
at Blaokville on Monday the 6th inst.,
about 290 persons being present. The
first speaker was
GOVERNOR 3. P. RICHARDSON.
Governor Richai. after thanking
the chairman for his kind words of in
troduction said that it seemed -strange
that a man who had labored early and
late, and who had always been faithful
to the party should be charged with the
same things as offenses that he had just
been lauded for.
It has been charged, he said, that
South Carolina had always been gov
erned by an aristocracy; but we cannot
afford to bring such charges as this, so
long as the great problem faces us as to
how an intelligent minority must govern
itself and an ignorant majority. He
said that there is no State in the'Federal
Union better and more cheaply govern
d than our own.
Governor Richardson went into the
details of the tax figures, proving that
the Democracy has not only reduced the
taxes by over one-half, but has reduced
the public debt to a very great extent
without subjecting the people to any
burden of taxation. The school districts
tf the State everyone of which were cast
eeply into debt by the Radicals, have
been placed on a firmer financial basis,
d do not now owe a dollar in the
world. The opponents of the adminis
tration talk about the salaries of judges
in North Carolina and Georgia, but I
would not give our Kershaw for the
whole cheap judiciary of North Carolina
mud Georgia. When we elect a judge
we want a man who will protect our in
terests, and we do not want a cheap
nan. No farmer would hire a man to
)versee for him who would offer to work
for $10, and in the same way we do not
want judges who will work for a pit
THE FARMERS' COLLEGE.
In discussing the agricultural college
ie expressed his opinions on the Clem
ion bequest and on the feasibility of
aving an agricultural college anynow,
should the bequest not materialize. He
said he savored the college, but did not
ropose to pull down any existing in
ititution to establish it.
He explained the position in which
he State Executive was placed, having
othing to do with legislation save to
enforce it, and he pledges himself, if
elected, to enforce to the letter any leg
elation which might be made concern
ng the proposed agricultural college.
DEMOCRAT AGAINST DEMOCRAT.
This has been the only campaign since
76, said the speaker, where Democrat
ias been arranged against Democrat,
md if the lines are once drawn who
shall wipe them out? It will be impos
ible for the Democracy to remain in
>ower if dissension enter the ranks, but
the old ship goes down, and I am still
it the head of the government, I will
>romise you that I will beat the long
-oll, will have ever gun manned, and
he old vessel wil go down with her
uns reverberating and with every man
it his post of duty. (Prolonged cheers.)
Governor Richardson was followed by
LIEUTENANIT GOVERNOR MAULDIN,
who gave in a clear, succinct manner his
iews upon the various questions and
asues which had been interjected into
His office, he said, happened to be
me where he had but little to do in
aping the laws. It was, his privilege
o vote only on a tie in the Senate, and
>:ten when he would like to vote he
annot, and when he does not want to
ie is forced to do it.
It has been mentioned in this cam
aign that the penitentiary now is an
ixpense to the State, while some years
go it was a source of profit. I believe
hat all convict labor should be em
loyed on public works. To employ ii
therwise brings it into unjust competi
.ion with the honest labor of the land,
md it adds nothing to the State at
arge. The money from the peniten
mary should go as all other moneys
ihould, directly into the State treasury.
In touching ou the college he said
,hat he considered the lien law one of
he greatest curses to the farmers, and
lso that they needed, among many
hngs, to raisetheir own supplies. The
ien law was a fictitious system of credit,
md no people could ever thrive by it.
THE RAILROAD COMMIssION.
The railroad commission, the'speaker
thought, should have the power of sepa
rating the whites from the negroes on
rains. That was one Georgia law he
iked, and wanted to see it adopted in
He thought that there should be a
constitutional amendment to keep down
the hasty consideration of bills in the
Legislature. Now, the session is short,
and during the last days the members
work all night and half of them are ab
sent, and thus the laws are often passed
~ip a crude condition, which is calculated
to work harm rather than good.
CAPT. B. B. TILLMAN
was received with cheers. Capt. Till
man rose in a very delib-erate manner
and carefully arranged a pile of books
and papers on the railing around the
stand before he commenced. After ad
dressing himself to the' c hairman he
Fellow-citizens, I hardly know where
to begin, what to touch on or where to
leave off. I feel very much like the boy
who started to shine the No. 16 shoe ot
a returned Hoosier soldier, and who,
after surveying the area of shoe-leather
before him, asked a companion to "lend
him some spit," as he had an army con
I am sorry Governor Richardson has
left the stand, for it is now my unpleas
ant duty.+o -ar ain a on the pres
eut Democratic administration.
THE QUESTIONS AT ISSUE
in this discussion are three. First-Is
this a Democratic government, and are
the people governing? Second-Are the
farmers treated justly in regard to edu
cation? And, third-Have we in our
government the proper kind of economy,
and is there nothing wrong in official
circles at Columbia?
THE CANVASS CONDEMNED.
I have been through the various coun
ties in the State, and find that, without
a single exception, they had elected their
delegates to the State Convention before
the canvassers reached them. In this
they have eitherbasely surrendered their
rights, or have been tricked out of them.
Twelve men now hold the vote of Barn
well county in their possession, and the
people are powerless to change it, no
matter what state of affairs might be
precipitated between this and the meet
ing of the convention. Consequently,
this discussion is a farce, save as a public
SPLITTING THE PARTY.
There can be but one party in South
harolina, and therefore we must watch
our liberties and rights. "Eternal vigil
ance is the price of liberty." For years
every murmur against injustice has been
hushed with that everlasting: "Shoo!
Shoo! You'll split the Democratic party."
If the party in South Carolina is ever.
split, it will not be by the Farmers' As
sociation, but the miserable oligarchy at
Columbia will have to draw off and appeal
to the negro vote to retain them in
MB. TILLMAN AND THE REPORTER.
You have all seen how I have been
abused and slandered, and how my
speeches have been colored up. It is a
pretty pass when the official canvass of
the State is given to the public colored
up by a reporter.
At this juncture a spat occurred be
tween Mr. Tillman and Mr. N. G. Gon
zales, the reporter referred to.
"If y >n say," exclaimed Mi r. Gonza.
les, leaping to his feet, "that I have mis
represented you, you are an infernal
HEre ensued a scene of indescribable
confusion, and cheers and counter-cheers
arose from the crowd which had pressed
close around the stand when the colloquy
began, during all of which time Mr.
Tillman was glaring at Mr. Gonzales
without making any aggressive move
After quiet had been restored, Mr.
"Well, if you'll say that up town in
the streets, we'll settle it."
About this time the crowd began again
to whoop for Tillman, so after a few
moments' delay, waiting for the crowd
to get quiet, the speaker continue. He
said that there is a revolution coming;
that we have not had a Democraic gov
ernment since the war. He wanted an
aristocracy of character and brains, not
The farmers today pay more than their
just proportion of taxes because their
property can be seen to be assessed,
while the property of other professions
lies in stocks and bonds that cannot be
gotten hold of.
HIS OBJECTIONS TO THE COLLEGE.
In the first place this college is too ex
pensive an institution, and, again, the
terms of admission are too high. Some
people call these chestnuts, but they are
nuts they cannot crack. When the boys
get out of our little common schools they
on't know the "Three R's," and only
those who have the advantages of the
schools in towns and villages can get the
preparation to get into the college.
In discussing the railroad commission
he said it was here that "incipient cor
ruption" if not corruption itself lay.
LANDERING CHARLETON AND COLUMBIA.
In touching on the census the speaker
said that when Charleston and Columbia
joined hands, it was "good-bye John" to
everybody else. These representatives
had, he said, perjured themselves, but
when the re-apportionment bill was
brought up they were very quick to plead
the same constitution which they had but
the year before trampled on.
ARRAIGNING THE JUDIoIARY.
Mr. Tillman condemned the manner
of electing jadges, holding that they
should be chosen by the people. The
present judges, he said, were under the
thumbs of the big lawyers, and too often
decided in their favor against some little
bob-tailed fellow of no influence.
"A RELIGIOUS BAR-RooM."
In conclusion, Mr. Tillman referred to
the Columbia Club as a "religious bar
room," and repeated his attacks on the
Gen. M. L. Bonham had expressed a
desire to say a few words. He wanted
to say jast a word or two about the rail
road commission. He was gladythat
Captain Tillman had disclaime any in
tention of insulting him. The Captain
had said that the office was created for
the purpose of pensioning him, but in
this he would show that he was totally m
error, for the fact was that the bill hd
already passed the House before he knew
anything of its existence. He happened
to be in Columbia at that time and Capt.
L. D. Childs and Chancellor Carroll both
proposed that he should apply for the
position. There had be-en a number of
other names mentioned in connection
with the appointmenst before his was
thought of. He urged upon the Legis
lature and secured the passage of a bill
establishing a commission of three, simi
lar to the Georgia plan. The commis
sion had just about gotten their work
well organized when the Legislature
passed another bill which restricted the
powers ot the commission.
Gen. Bonham then went i.nto the mer
its of the commission, producing
A COMPLETE REFUTATION
of Tilhman's charges about the commis
sion being worthless, and proving that
it was of great good to the people.
When Gen. Bonham concluded, the
meeting was declared ad journed.
Wens~ Conlege Burned.
A URORA, N. Y., August ti-The main
building of Wells College was burned this
morning with its entire contents. Morgan
hall and laundry were saved by the hard
work of citizens. The fire is thought to
have started in the kitchen. It is said that
there is insurance of $100,000. which will
not cover half the lo::s. The foundation
for the extension of the main building was
STATESMAN AND FARMERS TALK TO
THE PEOPLE AT THE ENCAMPMENT.
Throngs On the Ground--Improvements
Over Last Year--The Formal Opening
Addresses by Senators Voorhees and But
ler and Other Distinguished Men.
The Encampment was formally open
ed in Spartainburg on the 7th inst. with
clear weather and a hot temperature,
but the enthusiasm of the people was too
great to be subdued or lessened by any
thing like hot sunshine. The arrival of
Senators Voorhees and Butler et five
o'clock this morning was announced by
the bellowing thunders of a field piece
which not only awoke the sleepers, but
aroused all people to the fact that the
great occasion was at hand. The absence
of Senator Hampton in the party on
account of illness was the cause of many
regrets. It was explained by Senator
Butler that General Hampton was too
ill to come, though he hoped his illness
was only temporary. By 10 o'clock this
morning an immense crowd of people
were on the grounds and it was a gener
ally conceded that the first day was far
ahead of the beginning of last year's
Encampment, in attendance, in interest
and in exhibits. Crowds of people, in
cluding men, women and children in
large numbers, moved to and fro and
took in the sights of the grounds with
an interest that suffered no abatement,
and the crowd increased in numbers
The exercises were opened this morn
ing with prayer by Bishop Dancen.
President T. S. McCravy delivered an
address of welcome, and responses were
made by Hon. D. P. Duncan, Johnson
Hagood and J. B. Humbert. Captain
Wofford then introduced as a distinguish
ed guest of the encampment,
HON. NORMAN . COLEMAN,
United States Comxtisaioner of Agricul
ture. He devoted his attention to the
manufacture of sorghum into syrup and
Senator Butler was then introduced,
and he made Senator Hampton's excuse
for being absent. Sickness was the
cause. It was very pleasant for him to
"the statesmen, not the Indianian, for
he belongs to as all."
Senator Voorhees then spoke for about
fifteen minutes. He said he was over
whelmed by the courtesy and hospitality
shown him in Spartanbmrg. He came to
South Carolina, not to make a speech,
but on account of his devotion to her
people who are as great now as ever.
He wanted to look South Carolinians in
the face, and shake their hands. He
remembered reading his first book of
South Carolina, "Memoirs of the Revo
lution," by "Lighthorse Earry" Lee,
and this morning on entering, the State
Senator Butler pointed out King's
mountain and the Battle-field of Cow
pens, and he thought of Morgan's men
and felt like cheering them.
"I have been of those who have believ
ed in American brotherhood and man
hood. I believe when there is war there
are civilized rales to govern it." He
stood for the element of love and affee
tion in the North.
The Second Day
of the Encampment opened with a
continuation of fair, hot weather. The
estimated attendance is over 5,000.
THE FIRsT 5PEEoH
of the day wasaanessay on the test of
the purity and utility of seeds, by Prof.
R. H. Loughbridge, of the State Uni
versity- The speaker's observation went
to show that the farmers are greatly im
posed upon in the purchase of seeds of
various sorts, especially grass seeds.
During the delivery of the essay Com
missioner Coleman came in and was
greeted with applause.
DIBBLE, BY PROXY.
Congressman Dibble was on the pro
grmme as next essayist, but was not
present, and was represented by Col
Henry D. Capers. Colonel Capers made
a good and fitting apology for Mr. Dib.
ble's absense, and read the Congress
man's paper. Itwas upon subject: Diver
sified industries as promotive of agricul
tural prosperity." It was an excellent
treatise of the subject and full of com
prehensive thoughts. This paper con
cluded with favoring the Clemson be
quest, was pronounced against any inter
ference with the present state institutions
SENATOR M. c. BUTLER.
Senator Butler made one of his charac
teristic speeches. He was eloquent,
sometimes pathetically so, and his re
marks covered considerably more than
the subject assigned him; which he said
he would not discuss at length, for fear
of creating a stampede of the audience
His tariff talk comprised the main
facts which have *tlled the newspapers
for months past, but they were presented
in the most striking manner to show
how agriculture was affcted by the ex
actions of the tariff. He paid some at
tention to Harrison, the Republican
nominee for president. He said he had
served in the Senate with him, and had
made every effo.rt to cultivate friendly
relations with himbut had found him
proscriptive and narrow-minded; and
should he be elected, the people might
look out for a crusade against white
spremacy in the South. Referring to
the apparent feeling of dissatisfaction
with some peopl'e in this State, Senator
Butler hit some very hard licks. He
spoke in defense of the present state ad
ministration,particu)larly Governor Rich
ardson and Comptroller Verner, and
maintained that government of the state
was administered with fairness, justice
and purity. He defended Governor
Thompson against the Bigham charges
in language that was eloquent, and
eulogistic of Secretary Thompson.
BOQUETs FOR BUTLER.
Senator Butler was heartily applauded
as he finished his speech, and numbers
of bouquets were going to him from the
audience, in which there were a great
THE TALL SY0AMORE.
At this point there was a great call for
Voorhees, which came from all sides,
nd he rended with an eloquent and
witty speech, which caused roars of
laughter. Senator Voorhees became
serious in his talk toward the close re
calling the rule of the land by thieves in
The Indianian is the hero of the oc
casion. At every turn he is honored
and admired, and the people seem to
have learned to love him and to delight
in his presence.
The Afternoon Session.
At the afternoon session of the inter
state meeting Comptroller-General Ver
ner delivered a masterly essay on the
"THE IDEAL FARM."
He discussed the drawbacks and hind
rances of the farming industry, naming
the railroad system of the State, owned
by foreign companies, which drained the
State of $6,000,000 annually; the exist
ence of an illiterate population of 78 per
cent., and many others. He cited the
production of $2,800 worth of strawber
ries on one acre by Mr. Roche, of
Charleston, and the present average of
one-half a bale of cotton to the sore in
Marlboro, where the cotton acreage -of
the county is 53,000. Edgefield's aver
age of 15 bu'hels of oats, and many
other instances, showing the capacity of
the soil and climate for an immense
product increase under proper m4nage
This essay was followed by one o4
by A. M. Howell, of Greenville, cover
ing the general classification of varieties
for wine and table purposes; planting
and cultivating the vine, with observa
tions on rot.
The proceedings of the fourth dey
were conducted under the auspices of
the State Farmers' Institute.
Ex-Governor Hagood, president of
the Institute, read a very valusble in.
troductory to the proceedings, reaiting
much of the history of agricultural o
ganizations in the State, all of which
had worked to the same end of pro
moting the agricultural welfare of the
Dr. J. M. *cBryde read very valu
able paper on "AgriculturalExperimen
tation." He explained that such a sub
ject was necessarily a technical one, but
he would discuss it on its practical bear
ing. He gave a resume of the hietdiy
of the work of experimentation and the
great benefits it had wrought, going,
back to the time of Columella and eitin
Lebieg's as the first scisatific epeh
THE AFTERNOON SESSION
of the institute was called to order shortly
after 3 o'clock, and its proceedings con
sisted of Prof. Bolton's lecture on the
bacteria, ~and the discussion that fol
lowed. The speaker alluded in a gene
ral way to the work of bacteria in pro
ducing diseases, such as cholera, small
pox, pear-blight, etc.; to their action in
decomposing vegetable matter, and thus
separating the constituent elements of ik
into their original forms, developing ni
trogen and losing the mineral elements
frond chemical combinations. He illus
trated forcibly that by this action bacte
ria prepared food for the higher order of
plants, such as our cultivated crops. -
THE sHOw OF SrOCK
on the grounds near the buildings, tho'
not large, was interesting. Thse follow
ing is the award:
Judges-B. F. Kilgore, Alex McBee,
Dr. George Dean.
Best stallion-First premium, B. F.
Ferry; second, Elliott Mason.
Best two-year-old-Elliott Mason,
Best mare and colt-John W. Wofford.
Best one-year-old male-First pre
mium, R. A. Walden; .second, R. A.
Best Holstein bull, two years old
Fimt premium, B. F. Perry; second, B.
F.s Persey bull-Dr. B. F. Kilgore.
SALE OF FANcY sTOCE.
It was announced at the close of the
day's meeting that a public sale of stock
would take place at the stock pens. The
sale took place shortly afterward, but
did not include the transfer of many
costly animals. A Jersey cow belong
ing to Col. T. J. Moore, sold for $175;
a number of bull calves, belodging to
the same gentleman, were sold to farm
era at various p rices; none at fancy
prices. Dr. B. F. Kilgore, of Woodrii
sold a Jersey bull to R. J. Donaldson,
of Georgetown, for $50.
The programme for Friday and Sat
urday was carried out in the presence
of large audiences, who left Spartan
burg delighted beyond expression.
Possible Speed of Locomotives.
A correspondent, writing of the claim
that a locomotive has traveled three
consecutive miles in forty-five, forty-six
and forty-seven seconds, says: The occur
rence is not an unusual one, but it was
down grade, for no locomotive in any
country is able to attain that speed on a
level track. No locomotive in this or any
other country has made an authenticated
record of one hundred and twenty miles
in one hundred and twenty minutes with
a train of three to five cars behind it, for
the simple reason that the present loco
motive, with the present boiler pressure
of one hundred and forty pounds, is not
able to do it.
The average time of the fast trains on
the New Jersey Centra? Railroad is
under forty-seven miles an hour for only
two hours and ten minutes ran. So it is
of little importance to run down hill at
the rate of 78.25 miles an hour for a
short distance, and crawl up hill at the
rate of twenty-five to thirty miles an
hour. Persons reading such informa
tion-that lcocomotives have run a mile
in forty-six seconds-are apt to assume
that they could do this for an unlimited
time, up hill and down dale. Down
dale is all right, but it is the going up
hill which cuts down the average speed.
A Pleasure Party Drowned.
NEWCASTLE,.Del., August 9.-About 8
o'clock last evening the sloop Flora B., of
Pennsville, capsized near this place during
a heavy blow. She had on board Mrs.
Elijah Wheaton, Mrs. Jonathan Turner,
Mrs. Samuel Wheaton and her 9-year old
daughter, and Mrs. Thomas Finnon, all of
whom were in the cabin at the time, and
were drowned. Tne bodies were recov
ered anid sent to their homes in Pennsville.
The crew of the sloop, three men, suc
ceeded in climbing into the yawl and