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VOL, III. MANNING, CLARENDON COUNTY, S. C., WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 12, 1888. NO.16.
THE EXT l STATE TICKET NAMED
Proceedings of the State.Democratic N omi
nating Convention at Columbia, with the
Resolutkans Adopted--Some Eloquent Ad
dresses-The -Plaform Adopted-Clee
land and Tharman's Nomination and the
St. Louts Co'nvention'sPlatform Ratibed
Incidents of the Convention.
The Democratic State Convention! met
in the Hall of the House of Representa
tives, at Columbia, .on last. Thursday,
September 6, and was called to order at
nine minutes past 12 o'clock by General
James. W. Moore, Chairman of the State
Executive Committee. After the reading
of the call of the Convention by Secretary
R. M. Anderson, Chairman Moore nomi
nated Colonel James L. Orr, of Greenville,
for Temporary Chairman of the Conven
tion. He was unanimously elected and
thanked the Convention for the compli
ment implied in his selection.
ColonelJohn T. Roper, of Marlboro, and
General Wm. Stokes. of Hampton, were
elected temporary Secretaries, and Mr. R.
M. Anderson, of Columbia, Reading Clerk.
On motion of Col. John C. Haskell the
temporary organization was made perma
nent. Chairman Orr again thanked the
Convention for his election.
The following Committee on Platform
W. H. Parker, Abbeville; Jas. Aldrich,
Aiken; M. P. Stribble, Anderson; John
eon Hagood, Barnwell; J. S. Reed, Beau
fort; H. A. M. Smith, Berkeley, Jos. W.
Barnwell, Charleston; G. W. Gage, Ches
ter; D. T. Redfearn, Chesterfield; J. F.
Rhame, Clarendon; F. C. Fishburne, Col
leton; J. W. Bessely, Darlington; B. R.
Tillman. Edgefield; John Bratton, Fair
field; J. H. Reese, Georgetown; J. A.
Hoyt, Greenville; W. S. Tillinghast,
Hampton; E. Norton, Horry; J. F. Shan
non, Kerahaw; R. E. Allison, Lancaster;
J. T. Williams, Laurens; G. E. Leaphart,
Lexington; W. J. Montgomery, Marion;
. I. Pegues, Marlboro; J. A. Sligh,
Newberry;'8. Y. Stribling, Oconee; J. L.
Sims, Orangeburg; R. A. Childs,-Pickens;
J. C. Haskell, Rchland; G. R. Dean,
; A. B. Stuckey, Sumter; W.
unroe, nion; C. E. Spencer, York;
T. M. Gilland. Williamsburg.
The following Vice Presidents were
First Congressional District, W. P.
Murphy; Second, C. J. C. Hutson; Third,
W. T. Jones; Fourth, A. N. Talley; Fifth,
M. J. Hough; Sixth, C. S. McCall; Sev
enth, Richard Singleton.
Captain Wile Jones, of Columbia, was
.elected treasurer of the Convention.
The report of the Executive Committee
.as to the campaign meetings attended by
the candidates for Governor and Lieutenant
-Governor was received as information.
The offering of resolutions came up and,
-among them the following from Captain
Resolved, That the constitution of the
Democratic partyof South Carolina be so
amended tait hereafter all nominations for
vIi t~l of 'the people aliili ie by
,pcimary.e ~m. 4. ="
A Tift the Ge eAIse^Abey re
qased to provide by statute-for the con
trol-of- party primary elections and- to pre
fntraad, intiidation or bribery at the
.ss ea:.. . - .? "
"8"That such primary eleeions shall be
held in every county in the State on the
same day; to wit, the first Tuesday in Sep
At 1.- Mr. Sampe Poe.of ewberry
~iced :that cnvento~ntake gecess
al UO. -b rmotion idICnot prevall.
On motion-of Colonel John C. Haskell the
onventlon.weat into the nomination-for
golonel- J.-.Knox Livingstone, of Marl
boro, arose and- sid that he would place
before'the Convention a man whose devo
tionio true Demsocracy.appeals totbe peo
ple of Soutli Carolina to sustain him. I
appeal to thjdeople of South Carolina that
John Peter Richardson [a perfect hurricane
of applause lasting aminute and obliging
the speaker to stop] tifrough him the Dem-.
cc-perty asks that its acts be justified.
He represents the 'Democracy of South
Carolina, the Democracy of Cleveland four
years ago and teDmoray -of Cleveland
today. I submit to the people of South
Carolina the name of John Peter Richard
son for Governor of this grand old State.
The nomination was seconded by Mr.
C..A. I~ouglass~of Winnsboro. He called on
the blue seas to unte wth the grand moun
.tains that. South Carolina might say to
John Peter Richardson, "well done, thou
good and faithfiul servant." fContinued
ColnlD. K. Norris, president of the
Farmers' Association, now arose and nomi
nated Gen. Joseph H. Earle, of Sumter.
He was loudly applauded, and the nomina
tion was seconded by Mr. Sampson Pope,
of Newberry, who said that the time had
come for a change, and that the material
was a little too precious to be drawn out
forfour years. This was also greeted
-with great applause.
Mr. Gaillard, of Sumter, now arose and,
in a deliberate tone, announced that he was
. authorized by General Earle to state that
he was not a candidate before the Conven
tion for Governor, and that hie was in no
-way responsible for his name being brought
-Apt this point there were remarks from
-the Tillmanites and counter-remarks from
the antis and deafening cheers from both
-sides. After -order was restored the roll
Du tecalling of the roll Gen. Earle's
ibrother arose and said that his brother:
would most positively refuse to be a canI
didate for Governor. This produced con
fusion and an attempt was made to stop
the voting, but it having begun, the chair
.mn ruled it out of order to stop.
- The roll call went on under circum
stances of the most absolute interest. Thie
delegates in the rear crowded forward and
vied with each other In making the utter
ance of his choice effective. Thunderous
applause was produced when a delegate
advanced to the middle of the hall and
said, "I wish to have my vote recorded
with the 'R' possible."
The: -result of the ballotwas
9B, liarle1 -4
* - he~IlSanite5 saw that the pre
nnerance of the votes was irr- favor of
ll adan, -they gave up the fight, and
Captain Tililman, rising, said.
--Mr.,Chairmnan-As those Democrats
opposed to Richardson have had an oppor
tunity to put on record that opposition, I
move to make Richardson's nomination
unanimous." [Loud applausej
.Richardson the Nominee.
1sh ba11at was not announced and thi
motion was put and carried. delegates
rising and cheering until hoarse. The
chairman then announced that the
Hon. JOHN PETER RICHARDSON
is the nominee of the Democratic party of
South Carolina for Governor for the ensu
ing two years. Cheering ran riot and
sounded like the rushing of many waters.
The Chairman appointed Messrs. Living
stone, Tillman and Douglass, a committee
to escort the nominee to the presence of
the Convention. When Tillman was an
nounced as one of the committee a hurri
cane of laughter was raised which brought
him quickly to his feet. While the laughter
went on he held his index finger poised In
the air and when it subsided spoke as
Gentlemen, I take this occasion to cor
rect some statements made in the Conven
tion and in certain newspapers. When I
parted with Governor Richardson at Black
ville, I told him I bore him no ill will and
we shook hands and parted as friends. I
will go home now and I pledge you that
every Democrat in South Carolina will give
Richardson a unanimous vote." [Applause
loud and long.]
Mauldin Goes Through Serenely.
The nominations for Lieutenant Gov
ernor being in order, Mr. Munro arose and
nominated the Hon. W. L. Mauldin for
re-election. His name was put to the Con
vention nem. con., and the chairman an
Hon. WILLIAM L. MAULDIN,
of Greenville, as the Democratic nominee
for Lieutenant Governor. [Long contin
The Governor was now gracefully es
corted in by Captain Tillman and the others
of the committee, and when the thunder of
applause died away, after a. flattering in-.
troduction by Chairman..rr, h'e. addressed
the Convention in a speech of burning elo
Governor Richardson's Remarks.
Gentlemen of the Convention and fellow
Democrats, one and all, if I were to repeat
to you the old set phrase that my heart is
too full for utterance, it would be utterly
inadequate to express its real feelng."- I
thank you from the bottom of my heart
for endorsing my administration, my cdn
duct as an officer and my character as a
If I ever had an impulse of my heart or
a throb of my bosom that was not for the
welfare of South Carolina, I don't know it.
If I ever have committed an act in the
thirty years of my public service that has
thrown disgrace on the State, I don't know
it. Every throb of my bosom, every pul
sation of my blood has been for South
Carolina first, last and all the time.
Allow me to congratulate this Convention
and to thank each and every one of my
particular friends and those who were not
exactly my advocates. I bless God Al
mighty that I see before me still
a united, triumphant and ever conquering I
Democracy. I will never believe it tainted
with corruption until I see its proud ban- 1
ner trailing in the dust. Our duty is to ;f
see that the interests of the State are pre
served in every department of the govern
ment and in every section of the territory.
I tell you I realize that there is a strug
gle before. us; greater than any we have
ever-yet gone through. Everything is not
sosecurein the State as we might imagine.
The greatest problem is yet to be solved,
but God is directing the counsel ~of the
people and-wlll be solved in -time.---Then
South Carolina will be seen established in
permanent glory and honor and power. t
As long as 1 live I shall thank you for i
your action today. I pledge my honor as a 1
man and citizen of-South Carolina that every ,
effort of my nature, every power of my in- t
tellect and body shalt be consecrated de-. .
votedly to the welfare-of South 'Carolina t
and the success of the Democratic party.
Lieutenant Governor Mauldin's Remarks.
Lieutenat Governor Mauldin thanked
he Convention forthia expression of con- -
ience aznd-ndorsement of his past acts.
e was notiafraid to stand upon'his record
iid wouida contin'iie. to~work for a united1
)emocracyl [Deafenihi applause.]
.,A motion~ was carried to the-elrect that
he rest ofthe Stateogicers be rdbominated.
tiae kiiozn. iThis- was reconsidered
ad the Convention to'ok 4 recess until 1
'clock 's - - -. .~
The evening ~session sif the State ;Con-]
ention bepn at, 7.25, Chairman Orr offi.
:ating, and at one proceeded to the nomi
ation oC4hie gemaining officers' for the
State ticket.) All the present Incumnbents 1
were unanimnously ni6minated amid great <
pplause. 'he'nominees were escorted in1
y a- committee and made brief speeches in
aknowledgment of their nominations.
ENERAL EARLE'S. PERSONAL STATEMENT.
During his remarks Glen. Earle took oc
asion to say that he had received a tele
ram asking him If he would consent to be
candidate for Governor. He replied that
e could not consent. He was approached
esterday morning and to each and every1
oe he stated in distinct terms that he was
2o. a candidate for that position and would
nt be. Some tinme agaene of his, friends
ad propounded to him a very, important
uestiorp~ "Would you accept the nomina
tion for Governor if such a condition ex
isted that it would be your duty to the State
to do so?" He replied that he had no ex
pectation of such a call, btit that no citizen
had a right to refuse a call of his State. He
wished to state in no uncertain terms that
~hose who had kindly placed him in nomi
nation .did so withouthis consent. He had
sent a friend to them and requested that it
be stated that under no circumstances
would he accept the position if tendered
THE HOOKER RESOLVTION ENDORSED.
The following resolution was offered by
Hon. -D. P. Duncan, of Union, 'and by
unanimous 'consent was adopted without
reference to the-committee:
"Resolved, That the Democratic Conven
tion of South Catalina approves of the
resolution offered by Representative Hook
er, of Massachusetts. in the Congress of
the'United States, authorizing the Presi
dent to remit the. duties on foreign bagging
used in baling cotton, and urge In Congress
the prompt passage of the resolution, and
that a copy of this resolution be transmit
ted by the secretary to the Senators and
Representatives from South Carolina."*
The District Electors and members of
the State Executive Committee were
then selected, as follows:
First District, F. W. Wagener, of
Charleston; Second District, Claude E.
Sweof Aiken; Third District, W. 0.
Brde, of Abbeville; Fourth District,
C. C. up, of Union; Fifth District, 0.
W. Gage, of Chester; Sixth District,
Lucius McIntosh, of Darlington;
Sevnth District, Richard Singleton. of
First District-,T. F. Izlar W' H.
Brawley, W. J. Fishburne.
Second District-L. T. Izlar, M. B.
McSweeny, 0. F. Cheatham.
-Third DistricT-J. '. Boggs, E.. B.
Murray; E. B. Gary.'
Fourth District-S. A. Hough, Wilie
Jones, N. B. Dial.
Fifth District-W. J. Cherry, .M. J.
B'ough, W. A. Evans.
Sixth District-C. S. McCall, J. F.
Rhame,.C. A. Wood. -
Seventh District-'-Isaiah Doar, J. M.
Rhett, R. D. Lee.
F. W. Dawson, of Charleston, mem
ber of Executive Committee, ex-officio.
Col. John C. Haskell, on behalf of the
Committee on Platform and Resolu
tions, presented the following platform,
which was adopted:
The Democratic party of South Caro
lina, in Convention assembled, reaffirm
ing their allegiance and devotion to the
principles of the Democratic party, de
clare the following to be the principles
and policy of the Democratic party in
State and Federal affairs:
1. Wise and just legislatiot, the im
partial administration of equal laws,
efficiency, with economy, in every de
partment of the State Government.
2. Popular education is the bulwark
of her institutions; liberal support for
the public schools for the. whole people.
3. The present protective tariff taxes
the many for the benefit of the favored
few. The duties on imports should be
decreased. An early repeal of the duty
on cotton ties, on the machinery usedin
the manufacture of cotton and wool and
on tools and agricultural implements,
will stimulate manufactures and be a re
lief to the farmers of the country.
4. The public credit, national and
State, must be maintained.
5. In the conduct of affairs in -this
State the Democracy have been actuated
by the desire to promote the greatest
good to the State., Democratic =unity is
public safety and private security.
6.".in the State, jtstice ani equity for
l to insure harmony and good will be
tween the races. In the Union, no sec
ionalism in policy or feeling-an indis
oluble union of indestructible States;
2ne flag, one country, one destiny.
Resolved, That the administration of
President Grover Cleveland-has givefi to
the country a government in accord
with the principles of its founders, pre
ing peace and tranquility within its
borders while maintaining with firmness
d decision the character and integrity
>f American institutions, and securing
he blessings of freedom and the promise
)f future prosperty for the entire coun
Resolved, That this Convention here
yratifies the nomination of Cleveland
md Thurman as the Democratic candi
ates for President and Vice-President
)f the United States, and pledges to
hem the earnest support of the Demo
tracy of South Carolina.
Resolved, That this Convention en
lorses the declaration of principles
dopted by tlie-National Democratic
Jonvention at St: tionis.
Eeporting -the)-Resolutions. -- -
The first and third clauses of the resolu
ion offered by Captain Tillman, published
n TaE RECORD yesterday, were unfavora
)ly reported by the committee, and for the
econd clause the following was offered by
he committee as a substitute:
'That the General Assembly be requested
o provide by statute for the punishmeut of
erjury, fraud and intimidation at- party
SOME LIVELY -DEBATING
>curred, participated in by Capt. Tillman,
br. Murphey of Colleton, Col. J. C. Has
ell andl others, on the question of the
Ldoption of .the unfavorable report of the
:ommittee as to the first and third4 clauses
eferred to above. : .
The vote then came up on the adoption
tf ~the committee's unfavorable rep'ort and
esulted in its adoption by a vote of- 182 to
A resolution of Mr. T. J. Kirkland, of
i'rshaw, was brought back by the the comn
nittee in the following shape and adopted
y the Convention:
Resolved, That |it be made a ptuvision
>f the Democratic constitution of the State
at any convention in any Congressinal
listrict or judicial circuit assembled for the
urpose of making a nomination, be em
yowered to order a primary election for
hat purpose instead,
"Provided that this resolution shall take
ffect after the general election in Novem-.
>ANIDATEs TO BE INvITED HEREAFTER.
Mr. Rhame's resolution was adopted in
le following shape, the amendlment being
ffered by Captain Trillmian:
Resolved, That Article 14 of the consti
ution of the Democratic party of South
Darolina be, and the same is hereby abol
Resolved, That the State Democratic
@xelutive Committee shall reqluest each
Dounty Committee to call meetings in their
espective counties. to which all candi
lates for State offices shall be invited.
TILLMIAN FOOLs WITH FIRE.
After the result of the voting for pri
nary was announced, Captain Tillman
aid: "I want to give you farmers a few
lots. That committee tonight was comn
posed of twenty-five lawyers and eight
Earmers, and we are always whipped out
by the lawyers. They fix things up to suit
hemselves. You farmers send lawyers
ere because you are too lazy to send good
tarmers. You let them hoodwink you."
Col. Haskell answered by saying: "That
remark comes with bad grace from the
enteman from Edgefield to attack the
Lawyers. Two years ago he put up a law
ver as a candidate for Governor agaimst a
Farmer, and this morning he seconded the
somination of a lawyer against a farmer.
[Tremendous cheering.J 'I ask him now,
was he too lazy to select better men, or
idn't be have any better .sense?" [Ap
plause and laughter.]
Mr. Tillman-"They were too lazy and
they didn't have any better sense.
ELECTORs. AT LARG;E.
The election for electors at large resulted
in the choice of Charles A. Douglass, of
Fairield, and John T. Sloan, Jr., of Rich
On motion of Col. John C. Haskell, the
Convention went into committee of the
whole with Hon. W. H. Parker, of Abbe
ville, In the chair. Col. Haskell offered
resolutions of thanks to Chairman Orr and
other members, which were adopted unani
mously. After a few eloquent remarks
from the chair, congratulating the Conven
tion on harmony, etc., and predicting the
triumphal result in the campagin for the
Democratic party, he at 11.10 o'clock de
ated the Connvention adinurned sine die.
>I1ITS FOR FALL 1)RESSES.
FASHION MICTATES TO THE FAIR
SEX FOR THE COMING SEASON.
Sensible andSinple Garments the.RuIe
The Tourntre to Remnain-in Vogue--The
Directoire, Empire and La Toesca Coe
tummes and Their Features.
There having been no end of talk and
inquiry:regarding the gqestion of' the
tournure, and whether or not dresses will
still be made with reeds across the back
breadth of the foundation skirt. I have
been to all the leading retail and whole
sale houses and seei 1l of the importa
tions for this fall; and I can state - posi
ively that the. tournure will stillbe worn.
All the imported . cloaks, jerseys and
suits are made for just about the same
amount -of bustle that we have been
wearing through spring and sum
mer. The suits are made with reeds or
steels in the back, although different
modistes vary both the number and the
way o; placing them; some using two,
others three, and others again four, but
they all obtain virtually the same effect,
and that is a modified tournure, enough
to lift the skirts a few inches from the
back, relieving yoiu from the heat and
weight, and giving a foundation upon
which to arrange and drape the skirt.
Women's dresses were never made
more sensibly than at present, being
just long enough to escape the
ground and save the. braid and facing
from being cut out or soiled. The skirt
is in the standard four-gored shape with
back breadths, across which the reeds ar
range and hold in place the customary
bouffant back-should be. about two and
one-half yards around thie bottom:(a trifle
wider for very stout women). This width
gives ample freedom in walking yet there_
is .no unnecesssary fellness and--there is
just sufficient bustle to supp rt ;the
weight and give- a graceful dottoiir td
the back of the skirt and drapery, which
latter can be most effectually arranged
nd firmly tacked to the reeds in the
Fashion is this season certainly upon
the side of the 'econ'mieal woman and
home dressmaker, for her edict is that
skirts must be much more simply made
and trimmmed than they have been for
some time, and also allow wearing waists
different in color and material from the
skirts. Blouses of maroon and dark
red, of surahor foulards, look beautifully
with black silk or cashmere skirts, and
which of us hasn't several skirts bereft
f their bodices that can be turned and
made over for house or home wear with
one of those pretty-bloses? Of course
any pretty contrast or combinatioi n of
skirt and waist can be used, according
to one's taste and the wardrobe.
For more elegant occasions there are
the Direeoire jackets. From the front
edge of these the broad directoire rev ers
are turned back from the neck to a lit tle
below the bust (about two inches from
te, waist line)... Between, the revers is
visible the closely fitted waistcoat (or
vest), which is longer than the jacket,
showing about two inches below it. Thus
you see considerable of the vest, which
may be of different and very elegant
material, or can be richly embroidered
in gold and silver;or else covered with
The fall fashion show three distinctive
ly new styles o(.dressea--the Directoire
toilette, the-Empire gown and La Tosca
-The special feature- of the Direetoire
cstume is the waist, the waist, the broad.
evers and'higlhfollar and caffs. Theam
are always of theemanatei-ial as the
waistcoat which isusually differenitfrons
he body lof 'the-toiletroften-not only of
ifferent anaterial, a~t ofL contrasting
clor. Three labgettonsdecoatmg
meah front below .he-revers, .arei,n fact
me feature of the Directoire gowns and
ay be of silver or-gold filagree,.or of
Fiench porcealin handsomt. painted-to
atch the costame. -They--are - eegant'
bt very expensive.
T lhe second style, orEmire gown, is
lite new, havingshort (or r-ound) waisfs
made with- all -the seams and darts re
uired for a snug, basque-.like fit, with
ull surplice-like pieces sawed in at the
houlder seams and ari-anged broadly on
he fronts, crossing each below the bust.
A velvet facing covers the visible por
tion of the front between the surplices,
imulating a vest which may be framed
y a prettily shaped rolling collar of
elvet that extends to the bust with the
affect of revers.
The sleeves either have a puff at the
op or are cut slightly full and gathered
on top before sewing into the arm hole;
ad the fullness at the hand is contined
y several rows of shirring forming the
uff. The straight round skirt goes with
ie costume, and may be bordered or
rimmed around the bottom. It can be
leated on to the band or have at the
op five rows of shirring (an inch apart),
orming a deep yoke of shirring, and is
swed firmly to the round waist, about
which, as a finish, is worn a broad sash
r girdle of ribbon or surah, fastened at
the left side and having two long ends
ma loops falling or hanging straight
own nearly to the bottom of the skirt.
This is a very pretty and simple way to
ake your house dresses.
The third-style, La Tosca, which may
e said to be a modifier Directoire, has
he basque front opened and finished with
revers which reveal a shirred vest front;
ad has a broad girdle finishiing -across
the waist, giving a short waisted appear
ane, although in reality it is cut rather
IDo not be induced to place a full riche
t your neck. Use instead black or white
Pict-edged ribbon (a color is not good
form); or else a bias fold (milliner's folds
are good) of crepe lisse, de China or
bolting cloth; or any of the. many flat
band ruching that are found in the dry
goods stores;. only don't wear anything
~hat is flouncy or that stands out from
the neck; and be particular to wear the
same ruching in the sleeves that you
have at the neck.
Cloaks this season are very elegant,
and the preference seems to be for very
long garments, reaching to the bottom
of the dress. Shapes in long cloaks are
much.more elegant than any we have
ever had, and they are made of hand
somer and more costly fabrics, are
elaborately trimmed and have linings of
silk, sometimes of contrasting color.
Pleant naariage wrans will he linea with
handsome brocades of showy colors, thus
making them both sumptuous and
gorgeous in the extreme. There are, of
course, many styles of short wraps, but
nothing prettier than the trim, neat,
tailor-made walking jackets. This last
is sometimes finished with military trim
mings of metal, silk or wool braid.
The most elegant thing in handker
chiefs, both for lad'es and for gentlemen,
is the plain white styles, which, as well
as all your linen, should have a fac-simi
lie of your signature embroidered upon
it in white or in color. White and red
are most usual.
POWER OF WOMEN'S MIND.
A Question as to Whether or Not They
Are Capable of Serious Thought,
The most striking paper in the Univer
sal ileview for July is entitled "On a
Certain Deficiency in Women," and is
written by Miss Fletcher, the author of
"Kismet," "Vestigia," and one or two
other delightful stories, who veils her
identity under the nom de plume of
George Fleming. The problem proposed
in this paper is "Have women a capacity
for serious thinking?" a question of
which the wi'iter plainly espouses the
negative side. And the one great reason
for their failure, she alleges, is one so
fall of force, of unerring insight and of
actual truth that it is impossible to deny
it-the reason that women are practically
never alone. "In the present writer's
eyes," she says, "that disability consists
almost entirely in the feminine incapacity
or radical disinclination (the word
matters little) for serious concentrated
and continued thought.
"And this gan derives in a great meas
ure from the o3 owded life, the gregarious
habits, the sntep-like failing and halting
of educated women. Whether it is im
posed on them or accepted by them the
result, so far as art and morals are con
cerned, remains the same." There is a
depth of significance in this. To a wo
man in what is conventionally known as
good society the love of solitude is
utterly unknown. She is chaperoned
anzescorted and~companioned till she
has not only no clear idea of her own
identity, but no very clear identity of
which to have an idea. The achieve
this result is, under circumstances that
very frequently occur, a tax that becomes
a serious burden materially, as well as a
constant clog mentally.
"A man may betake himself to any
place or resort he pleases, be a spectator
of its life, and yet remain, if he likes,
the personal solitude of the primeval
wildness; but if a woman would go to the
mountain, to the sea. to the city-any
where she will-she must have at least a
woman companion with her in the guise
of a chaperone, friend or maid. Other
wise she will acquire at best a reputation
for eccentricity, and at worst something
even less desirable. And thus she never
tastes the sweet of solitude. She never
knows the silence of her inspirations.
"There is scarcely one man in a
thousand," says Miss Fletcher, "who at
some time in his life, has not- felt and
indulged the impulse to step out from the
rank and file of his familiars and his con
temporaries and envisage his own nature,
strippedof its forms and surroundings;
not a man worthy of the name but has
searched for and found himself, has
hewn out his own conviction and wrest
led, like Jacob, through the long nights
of his youth, with the stern-browed angle
of some revelation. And all that implies
voluntary solitude; it implies an impas
sioned interest in the impersonal and a
continuous habit of the mind. - And are
such things, then, finally denied. to the
larger half of adult population?"
As society goes .hey are; and, it is
hardl.an extravaganceto say iat ,this
dnia&~f individual freedom is the most.
ins eal influence to'wo' an's intellectual
achicements., To a w'oman living with
out nidebers of her family this unwritten
law becomes a 'severe fm~ancial tax. In
at least half the affirs 'of her life she
must...duplicate her expenses.- When
ever she takes -her :walks abroad, so to
speak,~she must invite adlady cmpanion,
and as her companion is her guesV she
must be entertained, both in the sordid
matter of bills paid, but in what is often
more-in giving her time and energy to
her guest. Thus she is severely handi
capped for intellectual work. She is
cabned, cribb'ed, confined. She can
command no conditions for 'serious
thought. And "without serious thought
behind it-a serious habit of thought--"
as George Fleming well says, "tilent of
which the world is full lowers to the
merest money trick of the imagination;
a thing thing pliable to fashion, at once
reigning over and dependent upon the
idlest whims of the day."
Before And After.
A few days ago, as a Ridge Road car
was coming up Lake avenue, the driver
stopped on being signaled by a young
man on a crossing not far from Driving
Park avenue, says the Rochester Demo
carat. The youngman was accompanied
by a rather pretty young woman, who
was dressed in a light, airy summer at
tire, and carried a fancy-colored sun
parasol. The young man jumped abroad
the oar first, and rushed inside, teaurung
the only seat vacant, leaving the young
woman to follow as best she could. Of
ourse every one expected that he would
give up his seat to his lady, but he did
not do so, and she, after standing a
while, holding on to a stap, concluded
to have a seat anyway, and, without a
word of warning, plumped down on the
lap of her escort, saying as she did so:
"I'm as tired as you are, darling, and
you will have to hold mne until J1 get a
He gave a grant of the hog kind and
said in plain English that "she could
stand or sit on the floor for all he cared,
but he wouldn'tholdher." At thisseveral
male occupants of the car offered their
seats to the young woman, but she de
clined their offer and said: "He is as
ale to hold me now as he was before
we were married and I will sit here
where I am." The passengers were
up to this time silently smothering their
laughter, but the last was too much for
them, and as one remarked: "The car
will be thrown off the track if we don't
sto laughing so hard." Realizing the
fact that he was making a target of him
self, the young man rose hastily, nearly
throwing his darling wife on the floor,
and made a rush for the door, saying as
he did so: "You take my seat; I'll walk
home," and left the car. The wife was
not dismayed in the least, but sat there
quietly enjoying the fun as well as did
the rst of the passengers.
BATTLE BETWEEN BULL.
They Met on a Precipice and Fought to
Mr. Thos. S. Moore, a well known and
substantial citizen of Garrard county,
tells a graphic story of a desperate en
counter that occurred on the crest of a
knob of his neighborhood several days
ago between a couple of enraged bnll4,
in which both were killed. The animals
had wandered to the heights, and upon
sighting each other at once engaged in s
duel to the death. Those unacquainted
with the instincts of such creatures can
not easily imagine what extreme ferocity
they sometimes display. In speaking
of the incident, Mr. Moore said:
"Being interested in the study of
geology, I happened to be on the knob
at the tuie, and was. startled about 4
o'clock in the afternoon by a fearful bel
lowing. Looking some distance ahead,
I saw the animals advancing toward
each other with noses on the ground,
turning this way a'id that and casting
dust into the air with their fore feet.
When only a few yards apart they sud
denly leaped to the attack with a fright
ful noise and began to gore each other
with hostile energy. Ahove the fierce
and noisy trampling could be heard the
grinding of their interlocked horns and
the violent snorting of brutal rage. The
breeze blew aside the dust, and revealed
the tigerish character of the onset, as
with wide set limbs and tails curling in
the air, they charged again and again,
stabbing with their pointed horns. Tiny
streams of blood shot down their necks
and sides, while their distended nos
trils emitted a reddish foam. The
prodigious strength of the magnificent
animals thus brought into violent
activity afforded a spectacle both tumul
tuous and thrilling. The exertion of
the encounter added to the pain of each
newly inflicted wound, inflamed their
combative spirit to the pitch of tem
pestuous fury. One of the balls, fol
lowing up a temporary advantage,
plunged his horns into the chest of his
antagonist, and, with a quick upward
jerk of the head, ripped open the flesh
to a depth of several inches, while from
this gaping wound jets of arterial blood
began to spurt. In a towering passion,
and with gleaming eyeballs, charging
furiously upon his adversary, the
wounded bull drove his horns into its
abdomen, making a horrible opening,
through which the entrails gushed. The
impetous and stormy nature of the con
test had carried the combatants to the
verge of the cliff, but blind with deadly
fury they saw no danger. Eslh, mortally
wounded and weakening momentally
from continued profuse loss of blood,
waged the battle with that fiendish des
peration shown only in wounded animals.
It was evident, however, that a crisis
was near at hand. The situation had
resolved itself into the grim condition of
the death struggle. With lowered heads
they backed away a few yards, eager,
defiant, implacable, and again collided
with a force that seemed to split their
very skulls. This terrific shock staggered
the bull with the chest wound and forced
his eyeballs from their sockets. He sud
denly plunged forward to his knees on
the brink of the precipice and remained
in a quivering stupor, with his open
mouth burrowing in the dust. The other
tottering and covered with blood, but
still terrible in his weakness, charged
heavily upon his kneeling and senseless
foe, struck him in the flank with the
force of a ponderous projectile and
hurled him headlong over the precipice.
The body executed a somersault in mid
air, fell with a noisy crash through the
tree tops upon the rocks below, where it
was afterward preyed upon by vultures.
The remaining bull, seemed to realize in
a stupid way the danger to which he
himsdlf was exposed. He drew back
from the brink over which his hideous
muzzle had been momentarily thrust,
and with his entrails trailing on the
ground staggered a little distance off,
fell prone to the earth, rolled over on
his side, shivered a moment and then
ay still in the embrace of death. The
battle lasted nearly an hour, and in point
of sanguinary details and tragic horror
has no parallel within the limits of my
HEAD TOWARD THE NoRrH.
An American Physician Thinks It the
Eignc Way to hleep Well.
There is no doubt in my mind (writes a
doctor in the SL. Louis Globe Democrat)
that the belief that human beings should
sleep with their bodies lying north and
south has its foundation in true scientific
facis. Each human system has magnetic
poles-one positive and one negative.
Now, it is true that some persons have
the positive pole in the head, and tbe
negative pole in the feet, at~d vice varba.
In order that the persons sleeping shou'd
be in perfect harmony with the magnetic
phenomena of the earti, the head, if it
possess the positive pole should lie to
the south, or, if the feet possess the posi
tive pole, the head should lie to the
The positive pole should always lie
opposite to the magnetic center of the
continent and thus maintain a mag
netic equilibrium. The pcsitive pole of
the person draws one way, but the mag
netic pole of the earth draws the other
way, and forces the blood toward the
feet, affects the iron in the system, tones
up the nerves, and makes sleep refresh
ing and invigorating. But if the person
sleeps the wrong way and fails to be
come magnetically en rapport with the
earth, he will th'er probably be too mag
netic, and he will have a fever resulting
from the magnetic forces working too
fast, or he will not be magnetic enough,
and the great strain will cause a feeling
of lassitude, sleep will not be refreshing,
and in the morning he will have no more
energy than there is in a cake of soap.
Some persons, say the doctor, may
scoff at these ideas, but the greatest
scientific men of the world have studied
the subject. Only recently the French
Academy of Sciences made experiments
upon the body of a guillotined man
which go to prove that each human sys
tem is in itself an electric battery, one
electrode being represented by the head,
the other by the feet. The body was
taken immediately after death and placed
upon a pivot, to move as it might After
some vacillation the head portion tr.:ued
toward the north, the body then remain
ing stationary. One of the professors
urnd it half wiy round, but it soon re
gained its original position, and the
same result was repeatedly obtained
nnl oranic mnvemants finally essed.
A BRAVE ALABAMa BEROINE.
Romance and Reality of Mrs. Annie P.
(From the Boston Globe.)
Alabama gives to the world a true
heroine, whose life furnishes many
striking incidents, bringing out in full
relief her remarkable nerve power -and
streng: h of character. History may
furnish examples of heroic conduct in
one particular direction, but none to
equal that of Alabama's fair daughter,
Mrs. Annie P. Shackle.ord, of Pleasant
Hill, Dallas county.
None who behold this charming wo
man's faultless form and winsome man
ners would ever suspect that in that
fair form dwelt a will invincible, a spirit
irrepressible, a nerve power that enables
her do and dare what few women ever
can or do.
A few years ago she gave her band
and heart to her young heart's choice.
Her happiness was complete and- un
alloyed, and when the household was
glad iened by the advent of a cherub she
thought that nothing more could be de
sired or was desirable. But the dread
scourge of consumption came and swept
away her companion, leaving her "en
veloped in sadness and gloom. The very
brightness of her married life made her
sorrow the darker and gloomier. Her
father and mother having passed their
three score and ten, being invalids and
helpless, she, with filial love and heroic
determination, resolved to make it her
life work to take care of them and her
little boy. While attending to their
wants daily and nightly, as -well as t0
the duties of the household,. she eon
ducts a large farm, overlooking every
detail. The pressure upon her time
and energy is enormous, and her nerves
must be of steel to resist so much and
keep up the daily round.
Some twelve months ago she had rid
den up on horseback from the farm, and
hitching her horse outside, entered her
room to write an order for some supplies
she needed. While writing abe heard
the shutters of the window. opening out
on the porch rattle, and snatching a
pistol from the mantel, jumped behind
the door. She had scarcely gotten there
before the shutters opened andin walked
a burly negro, over six feet high, weigh
ing over one hundred and seventy-five
pounds. He did not see her and went
straight to her dressing case from which
he took all her money. Mrs. S. triedto
shoot, but the pistol, being unloaded,
simply snapped. This attracted the at
tention of the negro. With a howl he
rushed at her, grabbed her with one
hand, while with the other he tried to
cut her throat. He succeeded in inflict
ing several wounds in her arm and- one
in her breast, the latter a painful and
severe one. Our heroine, tiLnding that
the muzzle end was powerless, 'evered
it, and rained blow after blow upon the
negro's head. This felled him to the
flocr, and as he fell she sprang -past,
and, procuring a loaded pistol, cocked
it and brought it to bear upon the pros
trate negro. Just as she was about to
pull the trigger, the negro made a leap
through the open windo ' and ran-like a
deer toward the woods. Although every
wound was bleeding profusely, and the
one in the breast extremely painful,
Mrs. S., pistol in hand, ran out and,
leaping into the saddle, pursued the
fleeing negro. As soon as she got
within shooting distance she: took de
liberate aim, and brought the-mieozant
down, having shot him. through the
thigh. She stood over him with the
cocked pistol in hand for thiee-qcarters
of an hour, until the officers arrived and
carried the negro off to jail,'
In the conduct of her farm this:year
she went on the bond of twelve of her
colored tenants for supplies, in sums
from$S200 to6S300. T wo of them, one
for $?400 and the other $300, skippedout
of Dallas county on July 4, leaving Mrs.
S. to py the amounts. But they had
not then calculated on ~her push and
nerve. On the 5th of July ahe left
home, determined to run them down
and in. The run was a long one. Start
ing from Selma. she visited Montgome
ry, Calera, Shelby Iron Works, Birmn
ingham, Pratt's mines, Alice mines,
Atianta, Augusta, Macon, Rome, Jack
sonville, Fla., Montgomery again, Cald
well's mills, 'Greenville, Miss.; Mobile,
New Orleans, back to Shelby Iron
Works, Montgomery and Birmingham.
While at the Richards House she saw
one of the negro men pass by. He did
hot see her. Hastily procuaing a pistol
she started in pursuit on August 1 at
noon, and the sun was hot as fury. By
this time the negro had caught up with
the other man she was in pursuit of.
They discovered her, and for fiften
blocks the race was a lively one. But
the plucky and invincible widow won.
WVhen she got near enough she shot at
random several times, and demanded the
fugitives to halt or she would kill them.
Reiembering the sureness of her aim,
they halted. The police came up and
placed handeutfi on them.
Fifty dollars being demanded as the
price for delivering the negroes to the
sheriff of Dallas county, the plucky
widow refused to give it and took them
herself. At 4.20 that evening she
started with her prisoners to Selma, ex
pecting to go through without delay.
Bat at Calera she had to stay until 9.54)
the next morning. Here she guarded
them all night, and it is said a cold
shudder crept through the darkies'
frames whenever they saw the "cold
iron" in the steel-nerved hand of the
widow. They were as quiet as lambs.
On the 2d of August she turned them
over to the sheriff of Dallas county,
after a race of twenty-seven days.
Rescued in Mid-Ocean.
BOSTON, Sept. 5.-The Belgian steamer
Pieter de Coninck, which arrived here to
lay from Antwerp, brought Captain Iver
sen and crew (fifteen in all) of the Norwe
gian barque Anna Delrus, from Water
ford, Irebend, August 10, for Saguenay.
Captain Iversen reports that on August 22
the Delruis, in latitude 5(U degrees north,
longitude 3i7 de'grees west, encountered a
weiterly gale 'nud the hak was thrown on
her beanm endis in the fearful sea. Her
tallast shifting, she strained heavily and
began to leak badly. The crew were kept
at the pumps) about 108 hours. On the
,normaug of August 25 the German ship
)eutschland, from Hamburg for New
York, hove in sight and took off all hands.
()n August 27 the men were transferred to
White oak firkins are recommended as
best iu which to make cucumber pickles,
and net to that stoneware.