Newspaper Page Text
VOL, III. MANNING, CLARENDON COUNTY, S. C, WE)NESDAY, NOVEMBER
JOSEPH F. RHAME,
ATTORNEY AT LAW
MANNING, S. C.
JOHN S. WILSON,
Attorney and (umzslor at Law,
MANNING, S. C.
F. N. WILSON,
MANNING. S. C.
ATTORNEY AT LAW
MANNING, S. C.
l Notary Public with seal.
WM. H. INGRAM.
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Office at Court House,
MANNING, S. C.
M . CLINTON GALUCHAT,
PRACTICES IN COURTS OF
CHARLESTON and CLARENDON.
Address Communications in care of Man
JOS. H. MONTGOMERY,
ATTURNEY AT LAW,
Main Street. SUMTER, S. C.
-Collections a specialty.
W. F. B. HAYNSWORTH, Sumter S, C.
B. S. Dxsxwss, Manning, S. C.
H AYNSWORTH & DINKINS,
ATTORNEYS AT LAWI,
MANNING, S. C.
DR. G. ALLEN HUGGINS,
- OFFICES -
MANNING AND KINGSTREE.
Kingstroe, from 1st to 12th of each month.
Manning, from 12th to 1st of each month.
9 A. M. toI P.M. and 2 to 4 P. M.
J J. BRAGDON,
REAL ESTATE AGENT,
FORESTON, S. C.
Offers for sale on Main Street, in business
portion of the town, TWO STORES, with
suitable lots; on Manning and R. R. streets
TWO COTTAGE RESIDENCES, 4 and 6
rooms; and a number of VACANT LOTS
suitable-for residences, and in different lo
calities.. Terms Reasonable.
Louis Cohen & Co.
224 King Street.
CHARLESTON, S. C.
Importers, Wholesale and Retail Dealers in
Dry and Fancy Goods.
aWSamples and prices cheerfully sent
on application. Orders entrusted to
me will receive my prompt personal at
tention. Will be pleased to see my
friends from Clarendon County.
ISAAC M. LORYEA,
With Louis Cohen & Co.,
CHARLhESTO3, S. C
Max G. Bryant, JAs. M. L=zawn,
South Carolina. New York.
Grand Central Hotel.
BRYANT & TETAND, PaoPROus.
Columbia, South Carolina.
The grand Central is the largest and best
kept hotel in Columbia, located in the EX
ACT BUSINESS CENT ER OF T HE CI TY;
where all Street Car Lines pass the door,
and its MENU is not excelled by any in the
Notice of Application for Charter.
XOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN THAT AN
I' application will be made to the General
Assembly of the State of South Carolina, for a
Charter for a Rail Road, to be known as the
Wilson and Sumamerton Rail Road, lending
from a point at or near Wilson's Mill on
the Central Rail Road of Sodth Carolina,
in Clarendon County, in said State, to
.or near to Summerton in said County,
.and thence, if deemed expedient, to a
point on the Manebester and Augusta
Rail Road, at or near Antioch, in said
*OTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN THAT I
Nhave made arrangements with Mr. W.
K. Bell, of Manning, to promptly torward
me any telegrams or other ofticial communi
c'ations. By this means 1 shall ikb able, in
a few hours, to attend any inquest.
P. C. COCHR AN.
Coroner Clarendon County.
F. VON SANTEN & SON,
FA NCY G~OOD1S, TrOY,
Costing from $4.50 to $40 each.
263 King Street,
CHARLESTON, S. C.
Mc~ahanl, Bron & Evans,
Dry Goods, Boots, Shoes, and
Nos. 224, 226 and 228 Meeting St.
Wm. Burmester & Co.
HAY AND GRAIN,
Red Rust Proof Oats, a Spe
Opposite Kerr's Wharf,
~~~ OHARLESTON S. C.
Stories That are Told Concerning Them in
(From the Chicago Tribune.)
No fiction can approach the truth re
gardinggrasshoppers in Minnesota when
the plague is on. At $1. or even 50 cents
a bushel, the grasshoppers have been, at
least four years out of the last twelve, a
more profitable crop than wheat ever
was along the incomparably fertile val
leys and uplands of the Minnesota River.
More than one such a bounty has drained
the treasuries of prosperous counties to
the last dollar within a week after it was
offered. The first visitation of the pest
since early in the '60's was in 187. In
the latter part of June the farmers began
to grow anxious, for reports from Dakota
were to the effect that the young crop of
grasshoppers, having devoured every
green thing, including the leaves on the
trees, were preparing to deluge the East.
July 10, the advance of the destroyer
was heralded from the Big Stone lake
country. His path was a desert, with
out an oasis to relieve the eye or succor
the famishing. In the afternoon of July
15, the farmers along the. river bottom
in Nicollet and Blue Earth counties saw
the sun go out like a candle suddenly
"Grasshoppers!" That was all they
The oornplow was stopped where it
was; the scythe engaged in mowing a
swarth through the weeds around the
now never-to-be-harvested wheat field
dropped from the farmer's hand; further
farm operations were purposeless
everybody abandoned all other pursuits
and watched the approach of the omin
ous gray clouds.
The front edge of the cloud passed
over Nicollet county, and the centre of
thegray, granulated, swirlingmasshung,
seeming undecided, a mile above the
earth. Then half a dozen fat, insolent
fellows, with paunches distended with
Dakota good living, dropped down and
folded their wings. Now it began to pour.
Never did the heavens precipitate a more
disgusting, disastrous torrent. People
fled to their houses and shut the doors
and windows. The grasshopper is a
nasty-pest. He lives upon sweet green
blades of wheat and corn, and expecto
rates tobacco juice upon the slightest
Half an hour of the storm and the de
stroyer had arrived. During the remain
ing hour before sundown a thousand
acres of waving wheat had disappeared
utterly the third day the most beautiful
sight fertile western farms afford-luxu
riant, undulating fields of corn-was
transformed into a scene of utter desola
tion; only the ragged stumps remained.
The meadows, tame and wild, went next.
and then the leaves on trees and shrubs
"Now," said the farmers, "we shall be
rid of you; there is nothing left for you
to eat, and to eat is your one mission on
But the farmers had forgotten that
the grasshopper has two missions on
earth; the other is to propagate and
multiply his species. It is a duty he is
proud of and never neglects. If the
verdure of locality he is infesting dis
appears before he has reached the prop
agating stage he moves a league onward
and fuitills his other mission. The two
missions do not interfere with each
other; when he is ready to devote him
self to the business of raising a family,
he stops eating-whatever he puts forth
his hand to do he does with a will.
The Edmunds bill does not apply to
the grasshopper. He is a monogamous
pest, but his helpmeet is the acme of
fecundity. An inch below the surface
she leaves an egg fully an inch long
and as large as her own body. at is more
than an egg-it is at least 100 eggs, each
the size and much the color and shape
of a grain of rye, packed snugly together
in a tough membranous cover
ing, which defies the elements. A dozen
days of snshine in the following May
and these eggs increase the pest fifty -fold.
If ablade of wheat or a stalk of corn
escaped the parents no remissness of the
kind will remain a reproach to the chil
dren. Until they have flown to other
delds not a green thing will appear on
the surface of the earth. A hundred
little grasshoppers, scarcely bigger than
a flea, will watch for the appearance of
each blade of wheat, and to each hill of
corn there will be a thousand. The tield
in time is as black as the plowed fields
of October and swarms with a pest that
cannot be fought or destroyed.
To prevent, if possible, the visitation
of young grasshoppers, it has been the
custom to offer bounties on old grass
hoppers before the eggs are laid. In 1876
Nicollet and Blue Earth counties offered
bounties of $3 per bushel soon after the
pest arrived from Dakota. That amount
did not look large at first. There are
something like 20,000 adult grasshoppers
in a bushel. Who would undertake to
devote himself exclusively to the de
struction of grasshoppers for a consider
ation of less than $3 per 20,000? That is
the way it looked to the county officials.
On the third day after the offer was made
they changed thaeir minids. German
drove up to the front door of the Nicollet
county court house at noon with his
farm wagon loaded with sacks of some
thing. It was not wheat, for the load
had a horrible smell. The sacks were
drenched with an offensive brown liquid,
streams of which trickled through cracks
in the wagon box. It was a cargo of
grasshoppers. There were thirty bushels
of thenm. The Germau drew $90 in cash
from the treasuer and drove home in a
gallop to set all his children and hired
men to catching grasshoppers. Inside
of a week more than $30,000 had been
paid out, notwithstandiog the bounty
had been thrice reduced-to $1 50, then
$1, and finally to fifty cents a busheL.
It was simple enough. One man with
a soop made of a bag of cotton cloth
stretched on a barrel hoop could walk
through a meadow or wheat field and
catch grasshoppers at the rate of a bushiel
an hour. The most popular method of
capture, however, was to line the inner
arc of a wheeled wire tooth hay rake
with cotton cloth and drive at a trot
wherever the grasshoppers were thickest.
When the cloth was covered with four
or five bushels of the pest, the rake
would be lifted suddenly, leaving the
grasshoppers writhing under a neat win
row of cotton cloth, from which they
would be easily transferred into sacks.
Numerous instances are known where
two men with such an appliance as this
ave apntured Mity bushels of grassliop
pers in a day. There is no room for
"fiction" where grasshoppers are con
THE BRAVE BELLES OF ERIN.
They Hesitate Not to Brave the Storms and
Arduous Labors of Life.
The women of the Irish coasts and
islands are as skillful as the men in
handling the oar and rudder. They
know every sunken rock and dangerous
current of the intricate channels between
the great island of Aran and the main
land, and take boats in and out in all
weather. For many years a Grace
Darling of this western coast, the daugh
ter of a pilot who lived on Eights
Island, went out in storm and darkness
with her father, never trusting him
alone, as she knew his weakness for the
whisky. This brave girl never flinched
from facing the wildest gales, fearing
that disaster might befall her father and
the vessel it was his business to guide to
a safe anchorage if she were not at the
helm. Many a ship's crew beating about
between Aran and Owey owed its pre
servation to Nellie Boyle. Two sisters
have taken the postboat into Aran for
many % ears past, their father, John
Nancy, being now old and infirm.
The beetling cliffs and echoing caves
of the dangerous coast have a weird
charm of their own, and the simple peo
ple born within the sound of the Atlantic
surges cling with a surprising tenacity
to their thatched and roped cottages,
sheltered behind huge, round-backed
rocks, in the hollows of which they grow
their patches of potatoes and stunned
oats and barley.
The number of these dwellings, starting
up out of what, from afar, looks like a
stony desert, both by the sea and for
miles inland, is startling to us who re
flect upon the possibilities of subsistence
afforded by this so called land. The un
failing bob affords ample fuel, it is true,
and the potato crop, when as good as
now, will last throughout the winter.
In a good season such as this the oats
have a good chance of getting stacked
before the equinoctial gales begin to
blow. Welt it would be if these oats,
ground into meal, might form a larger
part of the staple food of Donegal. Strong
tea, boiled in the "weep pot" beside the
turf embers, with baker's oread, have
now taken the place of the wholesome
bone-meking porridge on which the
canny Scot still lives.
To buy groceries money is needed,
and we wonder how this can be earned
here. Kelp or seaweed, burning used
to bring them money; and this year, too,
thin pillars of blue smoke are rising all
round by the sea, showing, let us hope,
that trade in iodine is brisk. The fishing
ought to be a fruitful source of prosperity
to the natives, but on this subject a resi
dent writes in 1884 as follows.
"To the north of Aramore, stretching
away to the northwest of Tory, there is
a fine flashing bank where all kinds of
fish might be caight every day in the
year with suitable boats and gear. In
very fine weather our small craft often
go out from four to six miles off Aran
Heads. Next day they all come back
laden, and after such a takeall the other
boats in the neighborhood will go out.
It may be that a breeze springs up, the
sea rises in the middle of a good catch,
then all have to run for home or shelter.
Large, well-fitted fishing smacks could
stay out there for days, and make plenty
of money, too, but facilities for the tran
sit and sale of fish there are none."
How the Dashing Cleburne Died
It is not generally known that Major
eneral Pat Cleburne, of tht'Confeder
te army, died in my arms. -I had en
isted in St. Louis in Capt. Pat Flana
gan's company E. Twenty-fourth
iissouri infantry, and had been detailed
s clerk in the quastermaster's depart
ent. During the three days' battle of
Franklin our supply trains were needed
loser to the front, and Captain Flana
an sent me on horseback to so advise
General Allen, chief quartermaster on
eneral Thomas' stsff While passing
ver the field of battle my horse was
wounded and I dismounted. At the mo
ment [ heard the voice of one calling for
id. I approached and found a man
wearing the uniform of a Major General
f .the Confederate army. He was
:angerously hurt even dying. I sat down
by his side, lifted up his head and held
it on my left arm. 1 applied my canteen
to his lips and he emtied it. lie turned
his eyes toward me and asked who I was
and how I happened to come to his as
sistac. As the dying General spoke a
soldier who knew him came up. He.
too, was a Confederate, and like the
offier, was wounded. 1 asked him who
the man was whose head I held, and he
answered: "That is Pat Cleburne, of
Mississippi." B~y that time the General
was unconscious, and he died within half
an hour. His last words nobody heard
but myself. They were faint but distinct:
"Hurrah for the Confederacy !"-St.
A New York G.irl who is viear Grit.
Miss Cornelia Morley, of Brooklyn, N.
Y. was the heroine of quite au exciting
episode at Biomank's hotel last Saturday
night. Aetut 9 o'clock Miss Morley, on
going into her room, saw what appeared
to be the feet of a man lying under her
bed, the body being entirely hid from
view. She quietly closed the door and
took her stand just outside to await de
velopments. in a few minutes the thief,
a burly negro of about fifteen years,
attempted to make his escape through
the door, but just as he was making his
exit, this bravest of women seized him
by the collar and led him down to the
office in the hotel and delivered him up
to Mr. Bieman. He confessed his theft
and delivered up all the stolen property,|
consisting of a silver watch and other!
'valuables. He was then taken in hind
by several men, -carried down to the
livery stables and a good old fashioned
whipping was administered, after which
he went his way. His name was Stepney
An accident occurred at the insane
hospital at Yankton, D. T. Monday
afternoon by which one man was in
stantly killed, and three others were
more or less injured. The disaster was
the result of the caving in of the walls
of one of the wings of the hospital now
President Cle'eland has appointed
Thursday 29th inst. as a day of thanks
UNIFORMITY IN TE*T-BOOK.
Action of the State Board of Examiners,
Intended to Secure that End.
The following circular of instructions
from the State Board of Examiners has
been sent to the school authorities in the
several counties, and is of especial inter
est to teachers, parents and guardians:
At a regular meeting of the State
Board of Examiners held on September
4th and 5th, 1889, the following resolu
tion was adopted:
Resolved, That the peculiar condition
of affairs in this State by reason of
which, not only in each county, but in
each school district, there are teachers
and pupils of different classes and races,
possessing different capacities to teach,
learn and purchase books, it would be
injurious to educational interest to adopt
a single list of text-books for the State.
That in order to secure flexibility in
the system, and to meet the varying
wants of the schools, and, at the same
time, to prevent frequent changes in
text-books in a school, which impose
vexatious and unnecessary expense upon
parents, the State Board of Examiners
hereby adopts the following rules and
regulations to govern the use of text
books in the public schools of the State:
The list of text-books to be adopted
by the State Board for use in the puolic
schools shall be elective in character.
On or before Thursday, October 25,
1888, the County Board of Examiners in
each county shall, from said State list,
adopt a single series for use in the pub
lic schools of their respective counties,
provided that upon application from
the teacher and Trustees of any school,
within thirty days after said county
adoption, or thirty days after the estab
lishment of any new school, on good
and sufficient reasons being shown, the
County Board may allow the substitution
in said school of any other book on the
same subject from the list adopted by
the State Board.
A series orce adopted shall not be
changed during the period of adoption
by the State Board without permission
from the said Board. This shall not,
however, prevent the use in schools
where the same may be needed, by and
with the consent of the County Board of
Examiners, of two series of Readers on
the State list to be used alternately, or
of proper supplemental reading. The
series adopted shall be put in force ac
cording to the commencement of the
schools. not later than the fall of 1889.
All resolutions by the County Board
of Examiners pertaining to the adoption
of text-books shall be recorde1 by the
Connty School Commissioner in a book
kept by him for the purpose, and copies
of the same forwarded by him, within
thirty days, to the office of the State
Superintendent of Education.
Any teacher who, while receiving pub
lic school funds, uses text-books in the
course of study prescribed for public
schools that are not on the State List,
shall forfeit his pay from the public
school fund for the time he uses them.
Any teacher may refuse to teach any
pupil who is not supplied with the text
books prescribed for said school. Pupils
passing from one school to another,
must conform to the list adopted for the
The Trustees, or, in their default, the
County Board of Examiners, shall en
force these provisions. The County
School Commissioner shall withhold
approval of pay certificate of any teach
er not conforming thereto; and the
teacher persisting in violating the same
shall be deprived of his certificate of
It is advisable that there be adopted,
as far as possible, the same books for
schools of the same class and grade
within the county, in order to secure, as
far as practicable, county uniformity.
It shall be the duty of the County
School Commissioner to report to the
State Board any attempt on the part of
of any publishing house, whose books
are on the State list, to induce any
change from the list regularly adopted
for any school.
As these provisions are in the interest
of economy, parents are requested to co
operate in securing their enforcement.
Girls Who Smoke.
Cigarette smoking is increasing very
rapidly among young women, and not
among young women alone, but among
married women as well, who move in
gcod society. Baltimore is no exception
to the rule, says the Herald of that city.
An estimable lady, who resides in a
fashionable residence on Charles street,
told the writer confidentially the other
day that she had been so addicted to the
use of nicotine that she did not enjoy a
meal any longer nless it was followed
by a cigarette in he-r boudoir.
Young ladies usualiy purchase their
cigarettes through their maids, who are
in honor bound not to disclose to the
tobacconist the name of the person for
whom they are making their purchases.
Bat maids will be garrulous and names
are oftLen revealed, so that a cigar dealer
on a well-known street is able to point
out to his friends girl after girl who in
dulges in the seductive cigarette in the
secrecy of her private apartments, un
known to grandmamima or doting papa.
There are cases, too, not infrequent
either, where the fair sex are supplied
with their cigarettes by wicked young
dudes, who are told that the only pur
pose in view in the minds of the dear
creatures is to make a collection of
cigarettes, binding each with a dainty
piece of ribbon, and sifixing to it a card
marked with the uame of the giver.
When the latter becomes a bore his
cigarette is smoked by the fair recipient,
who, with mild superstition, thinks that
his attentions, already wearisome, will
thereby become less frequent.-Chicago
The Sharpshooters of McGowan's Brigade.
A number of the srvivors of the Bat
talion of Sharpshooters of McGowan's
Brigade have concluded to hold a reunion
in Columbia during Fair Week. It is
therefore requested that all surviving
soldiers of that Battalion meet in the
Richland Court House on Wednesday,
the 14th November, at 10 o'clock A. M.
It is the desire of those who are arrang
ing for this reunion to perfect a perma
nent arganization of the survivors of the
Battalion, and it is hoped, therefore,
that there will be a full attendance.
A telegram has been received from
Capt. W. S. Dunlop, saying that he will
surely be present at the meeting during
LIFE SAVED BY FANNING.
What Brought Back to Health Two Yel
low Fellow I'atients.
(From the Jacksonville (Fla.) Metropolis.)
"A strange thing occurred the other
day," said Dr. Sheitall, of Savannah this
morning to a Metropolis reporter. "It
happened this way: I was the physician
in charge of Charley Clark, the young
undertaker of your city, while he had a
very bad case of yellow fever. For sev
eral days I anxiously watched him and
by close attention 1. managed to break
the fever, but it letft him so weak that I
was afraid that he would die of exhaust
"However, I was going to do my .best
and I instructed the nurse to watch him
carefully and inform me by messenger if
he began to sink, and with these instru
tions I left the sick man to attend to my
other patients. In about an hour I re
turned and on looking at the young man
I found that he was in a state of collapse
and rapidly sinking, and that his lower
extremities from his hip' down were cold
and covered with a clammy sweat. There
was no doubt about it, Clark was going
rapidly, and I was certain that in about
three or four hours he would be dead;
what to do next? I had tried everything
I could think of to rally him, but noth
ing would bring his pulse above 46 de
grees and his temperature was down to
95 and sinking lower all the time.
"Matters were looking desperate, and
it was very sad to see the sturdy young
fellow, who only a few days previous
was a robust athlete, and now his life
was slowly ebbing away. Suddenly the
idea struck me to fan him. At first it
seemed that that such a course would be
absurd, as he was cold as an iceberg, but
finally I resolved on the attempt, as I
knew it would close the now open pores,
and I determined to try. Calling for a
fan, I took off all the covering but a
sheet, and slowly began waving it over
him. Ina few minutes I gave the fan to
the nurse and watched the result. In
ten minutes I noticed a slight change in
the pulse for the better, and urged the
nurse to keep up the novel treatment.
In three quarters of an hour imagine my
feelings when I found that the sick
man's pulse had risen to 56 and his tem
perature to 98. He then fell into a sweet
leed and awoke out of danger.
"I was so impressed that this fanning
saved his life that I tried it on a lady
patient of mine and with equal success."
"What's her name?" "Well, I don't
think that she would care to get it into
the papers, but it is true, every word of
it. Strange treatment, isn't it?"
B4ND[TTI IN THE PIEDMONT.
('ohfirmnation of the Story of a Gang of
Robbers In Pickens County--Two of the
(Special to News andi Courier)
GREENvILtE, October 30.-A sensation
of a strong dime novel flavor was un
earthed here to-day in the unexpected
development of the existence of a real
gang of robbers organized for carrying
on systematic thievery in Pickens and
the surrounding counties. Rumors of
this nature were wired in these dispatches
yesterday, but no confirmation could
be obtained until Lafayette Pelfrey and.
Drayton Medlin, two of half a dozen
men in the suspected gang, were captured
at the house of Sebe Hinson, near
Roper's, Pickens County, last night, just
after their unsuccessful attemp to rob
the house of Norman Clardy, an old
blind man, near Piedmont, on Sunday
The capture was made by a posse of
itizens headed by G. W. Griftin and
William Hughes. Pelfrey was brought
here to jail to-day and Meldin is not ex
ected to live, having been shot in the
stomach last night. When he and his
ompanions were surprised, Meldin fired
n the would-be captors and was mortally
wounded in return. The confession of
Pefrey and the investigations of the
posse who ran the gang to cover reveal
regular organized burglar band, in
which Pelfrey, an ex-convict, and the
Medlins-Drayton, Jason, James and
In Jane last they robb~ed an old man
named Trotter of three hundred dollars,
near Looper's. Petty thieving went on
ontinuously in the neighborhood, and
in September the gang robbed the house
f Albert Toney, in Polk County, North
Carolina, of $400. Several other attempts
to rob old but supposedly wealthy farm
ers were made in this and adjoiniung
ounties, but they all failed for dlbrent
causes. The men were all desperate
fellows, and went fully armed on their
raids. They wore uniforms raade of
guano sacks and blackened their faces.
'rhe gang had terrorized one section of
Pikens County, and the capture of the
ringleaders by a self-constituted pos~e
is a great relief. Other members of t he
band are being pursued and will probably
be caught in a few days.
H e FIled for Safet y.
SPrITAsNBUR, October 30.-Fayette
Stewart, the white man who was ae-nsed
of killing Bert Coan, at a corn shucking
near Reidville, has come in of his own
acord and surrendered to the sherill'
~e is now in jail. The reason why the
deputy sheriff could not find him is that
he was hiding out from home. Some cf
the killed negro's friends made such a
demonstration, believing that Stewart
had done the deed, that he considered it
prudent to leave home. A crowd of
negroes, the night after the killing, or
not many nights after, went to Stewart's
house in search of him. It was evident
that they had learned their lesson well
from the white people, their neighbors,
and friends, who .have shown great
readiness, on two or three occasions, to
take the criminal law into their own
hands. After searching Ste wart's housne,
they went to the house of Tom Lynch
and demanded of him Stewart's where
abouts. Lynch knew nothing of him
and could give no information. They
behaved in such a riotous manner that
Lynch's wife was terribly frightened,
and her mind has been somewhat shaken
by the event- Five of the negroes in
the crowd were identified and warrants
w'ere issued for their arrest. Monday
was appointed for a preliminary hearing
before 'Trial Justice Harrison, of Reid
ville. As a result of the investigation,
one of the negroes was committed to
jail last night.
A German physician is out with an arti
cle condemning the eating of oysters in any
HOVELT Es a rWEI.lRV.
The Newest Fruits of the Engraver's and
(From the New York Star.)
There arc not many startling innova.
tions in jewlery. Bar pins are a thing of
the past, being almost superseded by the
old-fashioned brooch. Clusters are again
fashionable in earrings, as well as pins.
Diamonds of decided cohr are the
rage this season, and the uncertain pale
yellows are not very popular. The rich
yellows, cinnamons and pinks are the
favorite tints, and are introduced into
Most persons are only acquainted with
the conventional blue sapi-hire, but these
stones are also of a beautiful rose-color,
yellow and green.
The alexandrite is almost chameleon
like in its aspects, being green by day
and red by artificial light. Uncommonly
tinted stones are known as pierres tie
At Tiffany's is a large pearl of odd
shape, looking like a balloon, around
which twines a writhing serpent formed
of tiny diamonds.
An odd conceit is a diamond stiriup
intended for a pendant, and studded with
pearl nail heads
A head of Marie di Medicis is carv d
from a single large topaz. The prond,
regular features of the haughty Italian
are admirably depicted. The high rui
is one mass of very small diamonds, and
on the head and in the ears sparkle the
The pretty flower-pins have by no
means decreased in popularity.
A spray of delicate purple lilacs, with
dinmond centers, is very lovely.
A chrysanthemum of a rich purple
makes a very styli h orcament, with one
large; yellow diamond in the center.
A blossom of Alpine edelweisa is re
fined and modest, with a centre of sap
phire surrounded with diamonds.
It is not generally known that pearl,
are found in fresh water. Some lovely
ones come from the lakes and rivers in
Ohio and Tennessee. The stones are
often of the purest white, but more
frequently have pink and blue reflections,
with an almost opaline radiance. They
are not very large, and are set in pin:'
in the shape of squares, triangles,
cresents, stars, etc.
A bee-shaped pin is formed of one
ablong pearl,.witi diamond wings and
eyes of burning rubies.
The head of a hairpin of amber shell
is formed of one brilliant yellow diamond
set in a knot of smaller white diamonds;
from this ornament springs an aigrette
of palest yellow.
A most esthetic breastpin is a dande
lion blow made of raw silk sparkled with
tiny diamonds. The wires in which they
are set are embedded in the fluffy silk,
where they scintillate like so many dew
drops. The silk can be easily renewed
when soiled, and the delicate blossom is
as airy as its counterpart in nature.
A very small miniature is protected
by a table-diamond with faceted edges,
in lieu of glass.
A large Briolette diamond is suspended
from a twisted golden knot set thickly
with snall brilliants.
An odd and beautiful pin is a single
star sapphire, almost an inch in diameter.
This stone is opaque and of a hue
bordering on dove-gray. A distinct star
in paler tinting is visible on the surface.
The stone is surrounded with diamonds
and is a rare and beautiful specimen.
GRAYDON'S DYNAMITE GUN.
An Invention that Shoots Dynamite Pro
jectiles Out of Ordinary Cannon.
(From the Intdianapolis Jonrnal.)
In 1880, when Lieutenant Graiydon ol
his city returned from China, he began
eperimenting upon shells loaded with
ynamite. The danger of such shells is
heir ex plosion from heat or concusson be
fore they leave the gun, thus tendlering
hem more dangerous to the men operating
he guns than to the enetmy. To overcome
this fault of such projectiles he placed the
tynamite in a packing of ab~estos, insidle
the shell, the asbestos being a non-conduc-e
tor of heat. and atlso soft, preventedl the
premature exloin of the shells, either by
hat or coancussion In the suammer of
1886 an atppropriationi was made lhy_ Coua
ress for the purpos~e ot testing his mtveni
tion, and on Aug. 10 of that year, undler
the supervision of General Howard, ina
ommand~ of the Pareitic Coast Department,
numbert of x perimnts were tmade with
the shells. These were so far suicce.Sfl
that thle committee recommiendled that fur
ter experiments be made byv the Govern
ment, which wais done it Sandly Hook, otn
Nov. 10, 1887, iad anthelar tavatrahle: re
port was nmade. Shortly aifterward a comn
paay was formedl V wiha nomainal capital
ttck of *:1,00,0,J~)V whaih puircha~sedl all
f the Lieuttenant's iinvencttons upy to that
date, t here beng bestides the dly unmaite shell
i accelerat ing eartidgle 'and :: ex phoive
called the Grayd-mn ligh explosive. Pat
cts were secured on them all in the United
States and in foreign eountries. Abo~ut
two months ago a proposition was received
from the French Government for the pur
hase of the right to use the dynamite shell
for that naution and her colonies. The tig
ires were $1 .000,000, andl not $500,000, as
as been stated. and the, right to this one
invention was sold last week to France for
Ont Wedanesday night oft last week Johan
Brown,. colored,. was shoat hy TPom McCoy.
olored, an Mr. N. Z. F'eler's place neair
Babterg. A thirty eight cailibrei pistol
w as utsed . The ball passed enatirely throuatgh
the baody. It is thought he will recover.
They were rivals in love. McCa ay was
lodrea in jail aon Thurir-day aundier a com
mtnenat, Iraom Tri:d d1usiice I bwe.
);n Mondalay anighat. thle 2and tilt., Nelson
Euan~ks,. olared,. was awsassiniaed oan Mr.
AlexI li5' plaice itt I ieland To wnusip.
f-e was stamaiing int his door * when the shao t
was ltedl by thle unaseetn murderer. War
runts w erc istued lay Tr'ial .Justice Patr
son fora Joe, Dave anal Hlenry Mixsau and
Henry Scott, colored. They were arrested
and broutght to Barnwell. A prelimninary
examination was begunt on Satuirday anda
contintued on~ Monday. .Jas. E Davis.
Esq., appeare-d for trie State ad George
I. Bites and Hobert Ahllrichi thle defenda
nts. A great miany witntesses were exmnt
ied. Th'le evidence was entirely circumit
statial. Scott, aliais D~and.idg~e, was com
mitted faor trial and the aither adefetats
were discharged.- People.
Twenty-seven of the forty-eight
Alderman of Chicago are accused of
forming a conspiracy to give a franchise
to an elevated road in the city against
th rts of the propeby owners along
SELAItS D))N'I RCA tE HER.
A Plucky Girl %% he Carrie- the mal
' broungi an Oregon Wilderness.
(From the Porttand Oregonian.)
Oregan has a woman mail carrier.
ier name is Miss Minnie Westman, and
she carries the Uncle Sam's mail from
the head of navigation on the .Sinslaw
River over the Coast Range mountains,
following up the river to Hlde's Post
Oflice station, within fifteen miles of
Eugene City. Her route is twenty miles
long and is situated right in the moun
tains, where all the dangers and adven
tures incident to such an occupation
abound. She carries the mail night and
day and fears nothing. " She rides horse
back and carries a trusty revolver.
Miss Westman is a plump little bru
nette, and is just twenty years old. Her
father and uncle operate a stage line and
have a contract for carrying the mail.
At Hale's station Minnie meets her father
and gets the maii from Eugene City and
starts an her route.
Miss Westman has never met with a
serious mishap in the performance of
her duty. On one of her trips last year
she found three goodsized bears in the
road, right in front of her. The horse
on espying them became frightenea,
threw his rider to the ground, and, turn
ing around, ran back the road he came.
Miss Westman, with great presence of
mind, started after the runaway, and,
overtaking him, remounted and rode
right through the savage cordon, and,
strange to say, she was not attacked.
Meeting some friends, she told them of
what she had seen, and they went to the
place and killed the bears. So far this
year, Miss Westman has met two bears,
which did not molest her.
A VERY CONTENTED MAN.
lie Difrered With is Wife on a Matter of
Religion, But Still Was Happy.
tFrom the Arkansas Traveler)
A physician while strolling thcough the
woods near Jacksonville, Fla., heard a pe
culiar noise, and, looking about him, dis
covered an old negro sitting on a log, hum
ming a tune. The physician approached
the negro and said:
'Youl seem to be happy, old man."
"Vell, sah, I ain't got nuthin' ter 'plain
"Do you know that yellow fever is rag
ing all around you?"
"Ought ter know it, sab, when I done
buried my wife yistidy."
"Then how can you sit around here and
"Dis 'ere is God's wor', ain't it?"
"I suppose so."
"An' I b'longs ter God, doan' I?"
"Well, ef de Lawd put it in my heart
ter sing, I doan' see why 1 oughter keep
my mouf shet."
"Are you not afraid of taking the fever?".
" Whut's tie use'n hein' erfeered? Ef de
Lawil wants me ter take it, I will, an' ef
lie doan*, I won't, dat's all; an', 'sides dat,
I 'ain't gwine ter take it no quicker ef I
sings. 1 lay you mer go round dat town
now, an' you'll tid' mos' o' de folks whut's
got dle feber didn't sing er tall."
"I don't see," said the amused physician,
"how you can feel disposed to sing when
your wife was buried only yesterday."
"No, sah: dats case yer didn' know dat
lady like I did."
"Din' get erlong tergedder ez well ez
we did erpart, sah."
"What was the trouble?"
"Oh, well, sah, 1 is er Baptis' an' she
wuz one o' dcze yere blind Meferdis. She
bleeved dat tiingin' er little dab o' water
on er man would do de wuck fur him,
when all sens'ble pussons oughter know
dat ef he waster be saved he must be
souzed in de bayou head an' years. I tell
yer dat w'en dis yere plan o' salwation
comes up, man better not dodge de p'int.
Ef .John de Baptis' got out in de ribber
down at de ferry an' souzed folks under
de water, w'y I doan' see w'y folks wanster
take die chances by bein' sprinkled."
"O:d man, do you want a job of work?"
"No, sah, I kain' say dat 1 does."
"Isn't your name Reuben White?"
"Dat's my nomination, sah."
"Didn't 1 see you, some time ago, going
around asking for work?'
"Yes, sah, yer mfout."
"Whly dlid you want work then?"
"Holi ter wuck den ter git suthin' ter
"Well, but don't you have to work now?"
"Y'es, but I dosn' wuck fur it. Look
ye're, you rec'kon I gwine ten wuck w'en
tde folks all ober de country is sendin' hams
an' Ibour an' all sorts o' 'visions down yere?
Is en ('at gwine ter w'ar herself out scratch
in' roun' arter mice w'en dar's en big piece
o' meat lyin' 'side her? Look yere, man,
whbut sorter tiossipher is yen, nohow?"
A Big Fire in Shelby. N. C.
SmrzELBY, N. C., Oct., 29--The wornt
tire ever experienced by Shelby occurred
bere' tonight. The Wray block, occupied
by the Southern Express Company, Bab-'
imaton, Rtoberts & Co. wholesale and retail
sltiimners., printers andi binders, Gardner
& Quiinu, whoclesale and retail drugs, D).
C. Webb & Son, general merchandise, and
the Aurora newspaper, was completely
biurned, only a small amount of stock being
savedl. The lire originated in one of the
priming ollices, and the town was without
a. lire engine. The loss on the buildin;
owned by W. A. WVray is estimated st
$lt),4I00, and that on stock at $20,000.
'Total insurance about $I0,000. Several
epoins of gun powder and kerosene oe
curred during the tire, but no one was se.
riousiy injured. A cro'wd narrowly es
carpt'i being crushed by a falling wall
Sp'ecial to News and Courier.
t'rushed to Death In a Saw Mill,
LAK-: Cr, Oc~t. 20.-Mr. Eligie Sauls,
who has been attending to the ginning and
machiinery of E. E. Sauls & Son, at Cade's,
six miles below here, on the Northeastern
tai~roatd, met withl a fearful accident ou
last atiunrday. While crossing over the
shacftin" his~ clothing became entangled,
whinrling~ him around rapidly anti mang
ling hinm i. a horrible manner. His irit
leg wais broken in two places and his let
leg in one place. H is right arm was abo4
broken in two plac.s Ills body was badly
niangledl. 1Ie received also severe internal
in pities. lie livedI only about six houirs,
when dleathi relievedo him of' his stuffermug.
-Special to News and Courier.
Whvjs "inmig the 'day" for the wed
ding like a mavali battle'. Because' it is a
marry tim1 egaemnt
D eath is thbe very friend whom, in his
.lute seasonl, event tihe happiest mortal shou:i
be, w illimu to emblrace'.
-Caiptain,do~'the soldiers enjoytrighting ?"
- - Retaly, madl:tn, I ('n't say' that they do
-myv more than any othter peo ple, but they
utl. luys readuy to' do their duty. Why
do you a~~k' ." "Because, I notice whenever
they are s ent to war the papers say they go
oi in transports."