Newspaper Page Text
VOL. III, MANNING, CLARENDON COUNTY, S. C., WEDNESDAY, NOV EMBER 14, 1888. NO, 25.
JOSEPH F. RHAME,
ATTORNEY AT LAW
MANNING, S. C.
JOHN S. WILSON,
Attorney and Counselor at Law,
MANNING, S. C.
F. "N ON,
MANNING. S. C.
ATTORNEY AT LA,
MANNING. S. C.
zi Notary Public with seal.
TM. H. INGRAM.
ATTORNEY AT LAT,
Office at Court House,
MANNING, S. C.
m oCLITON GALUCHAT,
PRACTICES I COURTS OF
CHARLESTON and CLA RENDON.
Address Communications in care of Man
JOS. H. MONTGOMERY,
ATTORNEY AT LA W,
Main Street. SUMTER, S. C.
'eeCollections a specialty.
W. F. B. HaTssworTH, Sumter S, C.
B. S. Dn xsns, Manning, S. C.
1AYNSWORTH & DINKINS,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
MANNING, S. C.
DR. G. ALLEN HUGGINS,
- OFFICES -
MANNING AND KINGSTREE.
Kingstree, from 1st to 12th of each month.
Manning, from 12th to 1st of each month.
9 A. M tol P.M. and 2 to 4 P. M.
REAL ESTATE AGENT,
FORESTON, S. C.
Offers for sale on Main Street, in business
-portion of the town, TWO STORES, with
suitable lots; on Mannino and R. R. streets
TWO COTTAGE RESIDENCES, 4 and 6
rooms; and a number of VACANT LOTS
suitable for residences, and in different lo
calities. Terms Reasonable.
Louis Cohen &.Co.
234 King Street.
,CHARLESTON, S. C.
'Importers, Wholesale and Retail Dealers in
Dry and Fancy Goods.
.gWSamples and prices cheerfully sent
,on application. Orders entrusted to
Me will receive my prompt personal at
tention. Will be pleased to see my
friends from Clarendon County.
ISAAC M. LORYEA,
With ;Louis Cohen & Co.,
CHARL AS TON, S. C
.MaX G. Bryant, JAs. M. LEASn,
South Carolina. New -York.
Grand Central Hotel.
ERTANT & LELTAND, .PnoEIETons.
Columbia, South Carolina.
The grand Central is the largest and best
kept hotel in Columbia, located in the EX
A CT BUSINESS CENTER OF THE CITY,
where all Street Cr Lines pass the _door,
and its MENUis notexcelled by say in the
Notice of Application for Charter.
N OTI CE IS HEREBY GIVEN THAT AN
Saplieation will be made to the General
Assembly of the State of South Carolina, for a
Charter for a Rail Road, to be known as the
Wilson and Summerton Rail Road, leading
from a point at nr near Wilson's Mill on
the Central Rail Road of South Carolina,
in Clarendon County, in said State. to
or near to Summerton in said County,
and thence, if deemed expedient, to a
point on the Manchester and Augush
Rail Road, at or near Atntioch, mn said
- TOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN THAT I
have made arrangements with Mr. W.
K. Bell, of Manning, to . promptly forward
me any telegrams or other oflicial communl
eations. By this means I shiall be able, in
.a few hours, to attend any' inq~uest.
P. C. COCHRAN,
Coroner Clarendon County.
.'. VON SANTEN & SON,
FANCY (GOODS, TOYS,
Costing from $4.50 to $40 each.
263 King Street,
CHARLESTON, S. C.
Mc~abanl, Brown & Eyans,
Dry GoodS, Boots, Shoes. anid
Nos. 224, 226 and 228 Meeting St.
Charleston, S. C.
Wm. Burmester & Co.
HAY AND GRAIN,
Red Rust Proof Oats, a Spe
Opposite Kerr's Wharf,
- CHARLESTON S. C.
THE REPUBLICANS CARRY THE
COUNTRY BY A HEAVY VOTE.
Al the "Doubtful States" Give Their Elec
toral Votes Against the National Democ
racy-Details of the Result.
Every State voted for Presidential
electors on the 6th instant. Every State
except Maine, Oregon and Vermont
elected members of Congress, each or
ganized Territory elected delegates and
State offices; and members of the Legis
lature were chosen by Colorado, Con
necticut, Florida, Illinois, Kansas, In
diana, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minne- ]
sota, Missouri,Nebraska,North Carolina, 1
South Carolina, Texas, West Virginia
- California elected her Legislature,
Chief Justice and Associate Judge of the I
Supreme Court. Iowa and Ohio elected
minor State officers. Nevada elected a
Supreme Judge, regents of the Univer- t
sity and Legislature.
NewjHampshire and Tennessee elected a
Governors and Legislatures. New Jer
sey elected the Legislature.
New York elected a Governor, Judge -
of the Court of Appeals and Legislature.
Pennsylvania elected the Supreme
Court, Auditor snd Legislature.
Proposed amendments to their con
stitutions, or general laws, were voted
upon by Georgia, Illinois, Kansas, Ne- v
vada, New Hampshire, New York, North
Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia and
The interest in the contest centred
chiefly on New York, and next on New
Jersey, Connecticut and Indiana.
New York. t
NEW Yonm, November 6.-2.45 A. M. 8
-Returns received at the United Press
office by counties, by majorities which t]
are estimated, indicate that Harrison has )
carried New York by about 10,000 C
NEw YoR, November 6.-The Herald ti
this morning says: At the hour of going o
:o press with our first edition, the prob- 15
abilities indicate the election of Gen.
Harrison to the Presidency. This opin- c]
ion is based upon dispatches received o
from all the States in the Union and t
which may be divided as follows: t]
Cleveland-Alabama, Arkansas, Con
necticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, P
Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mis- s(
issippi, Missouri, New Jersey, North n
Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, o
Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia,- ci
Harrison-Colorado, Illinois, Iowa, k
ansas, Maine, Massachusetts, Michi
an, Minnesta, Nebraska, New Hamp- h:
hire, New York, Vermont and Wiscon- a
Doubtful-California, Nevada and In- A
liana-26. Necessary to elect, 201.
Conceding the votes of Connecticut
ad New Jersey to Mr. Cleveland and
regarding Indiana, California and Ne- e
ada as .doubtful, Gen. Harrison has a ir
majority in the electoral college. The e
figures show the election of David B. C
Hill as Governor, and of Hugh J. Grant k
is mayor. Political lesson of the elec- rl
ion is that the national supremacy of Is
the Democrat party has been sacrificed -
to the ambition of David B. Hill and r
Lbram S. Hewitt. h
NEw YonE, November 6.-The city a
3omplete gives for Mayor, Grant 107,- a
i37, Hewitt 68,134, Erhardt 67,725, to
NEW Yox, November 6.-Total city
rote, allowing for 4 election districts in
ais of vote 852 districts, Cleveland0a
162,907; Harrison ,105,821; Fisk 1,300;
Nin hnred and eleven outside dis
trits give Harrison 222,599; Cleveland
176,851; Fisk 104,657. -
The same in 1884 gave Blaine 198,552,
leveland 163,457, St. John 9,620.
~EW YORE. November 6.-Returns al- t]
edy received indicate that the entire
ammany city and county ticket is
eketed by a large plurality. Th.e Re-5
>ublicans run about oven with the coun-c
Nxw Yonx, November 7.--There is t
nothing to change the indications that s
arrison has carried this State. The y
official count in New York city gives a
arrion 105,726 and Cleveland 162,981;l
leveland's majority 57,255.
The Evening Telegram (Dem.) says a
Harrison carries the State by about
0,000 and Hill by 17,000.
The Commercial Advertiser says late
returns indicate the election of Hiarrisoii, y
nd that Hill has 10,000 plurality.
The Mail and Express (Rep.) says e
Harrison has the State by over 10,000- ~
The World says Cbairman Brice re-C
uses to concede Harrison's election. He
has not yet conceded New York State.
The Republican National Committee ~
make the following statement to the
REULCAN NA'IrONAn H EADQUARTERIS, C
November 7.-In view of c aim being 8
promulgated by the Democratic National (
Committee that they have carried the
State of New York for Cleveland, and
that they are sending telegrams to their
local committees all over the State to e
that effeet, the Republican National I
Committee have sent out to the Chair- e
man of each Republican County Coin. t
mittee of the State the following tele- a
Although full returns from every I
county in the State show New York
sately for Harrison by upwards of 15,000
plurality, the Democrats are telegraph
ing to their county chairmen claiming
the State and urging them to pay atten
tion to the returns. See to it that thet
returns are thoroughly guarded till 1
<I fibialy canvassed. In ca~se of necessity, -
employ counsel. Notify us of any
tampering with returns. Communicate
with your town committee at once if I
necessary by special messenger.
M. S. QUAY,
J. S. FASSETT.
AIBANY, November 7.-The Evening
Journal estimates a plurality of 12,000
for Harrison and 7,000 for Hill in New
York State, and a Republican gain of
nine Assemolymien. The Congressional
delegation is unchanged in political pro
NEw Yoax, November 7.-Returns
have been coming in slowly all day, but
unless some most unexpected reverses
of the State votes already known tran
pies the elect:ion of Hamrson may be
INDIANpores, November 7.-Eigh
hundred and forty precincts in Indian
give Harrison 132,547 and Clevelani
125,813. The same precincts in 188:
gave Blaine 130,367 and Clevelani
119,910. Full returns from twenty-seveI
counties out of ninety-two show a net
Republican gain of 2,355. The Repub
lican State Committee claim that Ham
son has carried the State by 5,000 pln
rality. The Democratic committee claim
the State by 3,000 to 6,000.
The Feeling in Washington.
WASHINGTON, November 7.-Business
was especially suspended in the depart
ments and at the White House. Several
members of the cabinet called on the
President, as also did Justice Lamai
and Chief Justice Fuller. They did not
remain long, however, and- Secretary
Whitney remarked on leaving that he
was not surprised attheresult, especially
in New York, where he had for some
days past seen evidences of Republican
success. He said he thought the change
was due to the persistent presentation of
the false idea that tariff reform meant
free trade. It seemed impossible in the
length of time given to the campaign to
educate to educate the masses.
Shortly after noon Mrs. Cleveland,
who spent last night at the White
House, took a carriage and drove quiet
ly to Oak View, where she will be kept
informed by telephone of any later news.
In the departments the Democratic
clerks and officials are wrestling with
figures and possibilities and rumors, and
hoping that some unexpected develop
ment may yet give the result to Cleve
Secretary McPherson, of the Republi
can Congressional committee, puts the
next House at 14 Republican majority.
"Well, we are beaten," said Colonel
Lamont, as he entered the White House
this morning. "I stayed at the White
House until 1 o'clock looking at the re
turns, and there seemed no doubt of it.
Republican gains in the interior of New
York were heavy, and there was a stir
up in sing's county that I don't under
stand. I thought it had gone against us
at 8 P. ."
At 1 o'clock this afternoon a salute of
218 guns, one for each electoral vote
claimed by Harrison, was fired by the
Republicans on the White lot, adjoining
the White House grounds. Business
has been at a stand still and in the de
Colonel Lamont says Governor Hill
had done all he could for the ticket, and
the vote he got in excess of Cleveland
was largely from the Republican liquor
ESTIMATED MA.OnITY BY STATES.
The following table embraces the States
heard from up to mid-night.
Arkansas......... 20,000 .....
Colorado........ ...... 8,000
Connecticut...... 400 .....
Delaware......... 3,300 ......
Florida.......... 1,200 ......
Georgia ......... 25,000 ....
Illinois.......... ...... 20,000
Iowa............ ...... 20,000
Indiana.......... ...... 25,000
Kansas .............. ..65,000
Kentucky........ 35,000 ......
Louisiana........ 35,000 .....
Maine ........... ...... 23,000
Maryland......... 10,000 ......
Massachusetts..... ...... 24,000
Michigan........ ...... 12,000
Minnesota ........... 20,000
Mississippi....... 0.000 ......
Missouri......... 30,000 ......
Nebraska .............. 30,0(K)
evada.......... ...... 1,000
New Hampshire.. ........2,556
New Jersey...... 6,9460 ...
New York....... ...... 11,191
North Carolina. 25,000 .. .
Ohio............ ...... 25,000)
regon.......... ...... 5,000
Rhode Island.... ........4,000
South Carolina. 40,000 ....
Tennessee ....... 15,000 ...
Texas........... 140,000 ...
Vermont......... ...... 27,500)
Virginia ......... 5,000 ...
Wisconsin........ ...... 18,000
West Virginia.... ..... ...
THE STATE ELECTION.
The contest in South Carolina on the
th instant was a one-sided affair, except
in a very few counties. With the excep
tion of ain unimportant disturbance in Sumn
ter and one in Hampton, the whole election
was very quiet. The Democratic vote was
noticeably small everywhere. We give
belowv items from the counties where there
was anything of special importance.
The election at Aiken passed off quietly.
No disturbances of any kind occurred.
The vote was as follows:
At the Federal box: Total vote cast 530,
of which Cleveland received 360; Harrison,
1f85. For Congress: Tillman, 364; Smith,
A t the State boxes: Total vote cast, 309;
for Governor, 299; State officers, 294; So
licitor, 296; State Senator, 283; Represen
tatives, 296; other county officers, 286.
Cnstitutionasl amendment relative to Pro
bate Judg!e-Yes, 190; No, 84. Constitu
tio'nal amendment for School Commission
er-Yes, 208; No, 85.
Returns come in slowly. Col. Elliott
made a fine run, and Miller's majority is
not near as large as was expected. W. J.
Virdier, a staunch Democrat, has been
elected to the State Senate. The county
fusion ticket met with entire success.
There are three precincts yet to be heard
from. Those beard from give Elliotta
majority of 850. Bishopville, Manchestei
and Carter's Crossing are not yet in.
Elliott's majority in the county will proba
bly reach 1,000. The whole county ticket
The followixrg is the result of the vote
in Oconee county: For President: Cleve
land, 1,213; Harrison, 237. State officers,
1128. Congress, Cothran, 1.225. State
Senator: R. E. Mason (Dem.), 1,158; T.
Y. C. Fahnstock (Ind.), 313. The county
ticket received the same vote as the State.
A builder says there is now a general de
mand for grates in houses, not so much foi
heating purposes as on account of thi
cheerful feeling inspired by open fires, ani
because no modern home is considered comn
plete from an artistic point of view withou
eonsidered as certain. The leading
newspapers, of all political faiths, con.
cede a Republican victory, but the
Democratic National Committee still
continued to assert that they do not give
up New York. This claim, however, as
the day went by with no material change
in Republican majorities in the up
ounties already reported, and as each
sew county showed continued Republi
:an gains, gradually lost effect in Wall
treet, and with immense throngs in the
Streets in front of the two national head
luarters and newspaper offices; and
o-night the streets are given over to
Republican paraders and the song
Grover's in the cold, cold ground," is
)eing hummed everywhere. A report
his morning that Illinois was doubtful,
-evived Democratic hopes, and whe The
iews issued an extra claiming Cleve
and's re.election on this report, the ex
:itement was intense. In Wall street
he market became weak and feverish,
ad Republicans looked anxious.
By 2 o'clock, however, with bulletins
rom Repiblican headquarters from
,uay, assuring Republican success, and
ater reports stating that Illinois was
are for Harrison by twenty thousand
he excitement subsided.
A second rumor became current in the
fternoon that an error had been dis
overrd in the vote of Kings county,
iving Cleveland ten thousand more ma
rity. This was soon disproved and
New Jersey being conceded to the
)emocrats by six thousand to eight
iousand, all eyes turned toward Con
ecticut and Indiana. Returns came
cry slow from both States, but at 6 P.
I. a careful estimate gave Connecticut
> Cleveland by about four hundred
iajority and Indiana to Harrison by
tree thousand to four thousand. In
onnecticut the vote is so close that an
ficial count may be necessary to decide
:e contest, as has been the case in that
ate several times before.
Nevada is Republican by about one
iosand, Oregon by four thousand, and
ichigan by about twelve thousand.
alifornia and West Virginia are still
such in doubt, both sides claiming
iem, with chances in favor of the Dem
erats in the former, and of the Repub
cans in the latter.
In New York City Tammany Hall's
ear sweep of all offices astonishes every
se. The reports from the interior of
eo State show that the vote of Hill leads
at of Cleveland in about the same pro
ortion as that indicated earlier, and
Dint to a plurality for Hill of about
venteen thousand. Hill's great run is
Lade the universal expression of the
pinion that he will be the next Demo
-atic Presidential candidate.
Cleveland's defeat in the State is due
his reduced majorities in Kings and
eens counties, and Warner Miller's
igh license candidacy and admirable
nvass of the State, which cut the pro.
ibition vote in the up counties to pieces.
s far as can be judged, the tariff issue
layed but little part in the matter. De
sw's influence with the railroad vote
layed also a part. Much indignation is
cpressed over the I3emocratic defection
t Kings county, and charges of treach
y are openly made against Boss Mc
hurin. In the city Republican heelers
ifed Ehrdardt for mayor. The cor
eted State vote at 6 P. M. gave Cleve
nd 77,732, Harrison 87,773, Miller
3,S63, Hill 69,997. In the city Grant
ceived 114,138, Hewitt 70,931, Ehr
ardt 70,873 and Coogan 9,617. The
>llapse of Coogan, the labor candidate,
ho claims to have spent over a hundred
iousand dollars on his election, is sur
General Harrison telegraphs Senator
ay'as follows: "Accept my heartiest
agratulations. .I owe my success in
reat measure to your untiring efforts."
He also telegraphs that his advices
ive a Republican majority in Illinois of
rentyfive thousand, Indiana six thou
md or seven thousand, and California
Chairman Brice and Chairman Mar
ia, of the Democratic State Committee,
ic not visible this afternoon to re
orters who endeavored to obtain a
atement from them as to the King's
iunty vote. Secretary Defreest, of the
tate c'ommittee, being interviewed on
le subljct, said: "I e m't tell what the
tate committee will do, but you can say
e grossest kinds of frauds prevail, not
nly in the county, but in several other
arts of the State. We have an investi
ating committee at work on the returns
ow, and I assure you they will take
ro upt action."
NEw Y'RK, November 8 -An exira
dition of the World say s: Chairman
rice of the Democratic National Exec
tive Committee concedes the election
f General Harrison. Captain Mc
leman, Chairman of the Campaign
ioi.tee, was the only member of the
atnal Committee at headquarters this
iorning, and he made the authoritative
nnouncmient of Chairman Brice's con
ession of a Republican victory.
The World puts California and In
iana in the Republican column and
iv Harrison 233 votes in the Electoral
TREsTOx, November 7.-The Demo
ratic plurality in New Jersey is now
'ut down at 5,000. The Democrats
leted to Congress are Geisenheimer in
he third district, Fowler in the fourth
nd McAdoo in the seventh. The Re
ublicans elected are Bergen in the first,
~uchanan in the second, Beckwith in
he fifth and Lehlback in the sixth. The
~egislature will be Democratic by a close
ote. The Senate stands Democrats 11,
~epubicans 10. This is the first time
a ten years that the D~emocrats have had
he Senate. The lower house is claimed
y the Republicans to be a tio, but the
)emcrats say they have a majority.
Lhe closeness of the Legislature will
ake the race for United States Senator
mext winter unusually exciting.
HARTFoED, November 7.-Editor
prey of the Post says: "Connecticut
ives Cleveland 384 plurality, but error
n New Haven may change it to Harri
Later State returns elect Congress
nan Edward W. Seymour, Dem., in the
ourth district by the vote of Newton.
Eis majority is 398. The Congresssmen
are thus equally divided, two each.
HARTFoED, November 7.--Completer
returns in the State give Cleveland
74,904, Harrison 74,519, Fisk 7,181;
Clevland's plurality 385.
BLAINE GIVEN THE LIE.
Hugh S. Thompson Shows the Utter
Falsity of the btatements of the Plumed
Knave Respectiug the Treasury.
A Washington special to the New
York Herald says: I called to-night at
the residence of Acting Secretary of the
Treasury Hugh S. Thompson, in relation
to the following declaration made by
Mr. Blaine in his speech at New Haven,
Conn. Mr. Blaine is quoted in to-day's
Herald as saying on that occasion:
"I find that there has been $60,000
loaned to the national banks without
interest. I say loaned to the national
banks, the pet banks, while only $4,
500,000 have gone to pay the debt of
the nation during the past month."
Governor Thompson read the para
graph carefully, and then with great
deliberation said: "I'his is of a piece
with the many other wilful misrepre
sentations which Mr. Blaine has made
about the treasury department. No man
who has been as long in paa)lic life as
Mr. Blaine, and who is a familiar with
public matters as he, could have made
that statement and believed it to be true
when he made it. Mr. Blaine's obvious
purpose was to deceive the masses, but
he knew perfectly well that no banker
or other business man familiar with the
treasury statements, which are issued
monthly, would be misled by his mis
"The last public debt statement, is
sued November 1, shows that the debt,
less tae cash in the treasury November
1, was about $4,500,000 less than it was
October 1. This Mr. Blaine assumes
to represent the actual decrease in the
public debt. As a matter of fact," con
tinued the actingsecretary, "I purchased
during the month of October of the
interest-bearing debt over $29,000,000
worth of bonds. I cannot state the
premium accurately, as I have not the
data at hand, but I should say, speaking
generally, that it amounted to upward
of $4,500,000 additional, making in all
about $33,500,000 decrease in the debt
during the month of October."
Passing to the oft-repeated charge
that the secretary of the treasury had
loaned $60,00(,000 to the national banks
of the country, without interest, Gover
nor Thompson said:
"The object sought to be conveyed by
this statement is that the' beneficiaries
in each case are banks owned or con
trolled by Democrats. My best reply
to this is a quotation from the speech
delivered by Secretary Fairchild at the
business men's meeting Wall street on
the 13th of October last. IReferring to
this very charge Mr. Fairchild said:
"I need not add that there was abso
lately no favortism in this matter, the
banks were designated and deposits
made in the order of the applications,
politic.il and personal friends and foes
were treated exactly alike, the widest
possible distribution was sought, until
almost every State and Territory had
one or more depositories and could use
of the money which rightfully belonged
to their business. There are a number
of banks with deposits of a million and
over. I know the politics of the officers
of very few of these depositories. But
Ihave in my mind now-a half doz n
where I know the officers to be promi
nent and zealous Republicans, and I
can think of but one where the officers
are Democrats of prominence. But I
have never given a thought to the poh
tics of the bank officer. My only thought
was the security of the deposit and re
lief to the public from financial dis
"Referring to Mr. Blaine's further
declaration that out of the $60,000,000
thus loaned a large fund had been pro
vided to re-elect Mr. Cleveland, the act
ing secretary simply remarked, 'That is
too absurdlj false to dignify with a de
The Western National Bank got
money on deposit of national securities,
just as hundreds of other national banks
got it. The amount could not exceed a
million of dollars, and in putting it out
the treasury knew nothing about the
political preferences of any bank pei
dent or other officer.
Pen Picture of the Midnight Sun.
The midnight sun is 'thus discribed in
"A Jubilee Jaunt to Norway." Imagine
yourself on a ship at anchor looking west
or straight in front of you. There is a
broad expanse of sea a little to your
right hand, behind you will be the
rugged coast, and to your left the long.
narrow fiord between the islands and the
mainland that the steamer has just tra
versed. 'You watch the sun as it slowly,
slowly sets; the island and the coasts
look like a rich, dark purple, and the
shadows cast by the ship's mast, &c,
grow longer and longer. After a bit,
when the sun haid sunk apparently twelve
feet from the horizon, it stops and seems
to remain stationary for about twenty
minutes; then the very seagulls hide
away, while the air on a sudden strikes
chilly. Each one has an awed, expect
ant feeling, and surrounding even the
tourist steamer broods asilence that may
be felt. Soon the sun rises very slowly
once again, and the yellow clouds
change with his uprising to even greater
beauty, first to the palest primrose and
then to a bluish pink. The sky, which
was just now rose color, becomes gray,
then pale emerald green, and lastly blue.
Rock after rock stands out caught by
the sun's bright rays, and the reign of
day has begun once more.
StatIstes of Divorce.
The bureau of statistics has been en
gaged for a considerable time past in the
effort to ascertain the number of divorces
that have been granted in the United
States during the twenty years between
1866 and 1886. The compilation is very
nearly completed. The statistics bear
ing upon the subject have been derived
from the records of the t wenty thousand
courts of law having jurisdiction in tIe
matter. The report, it is said, will con
tain a vast amount of information of
great value from a national point of
view, and particularly as a lbasis of
future legislation. There is no country
in the civilized world where marriage is
so easy as in the United States, and
where divorces are so common.
"Did you ever meet Miss Ruggles's fa
ther?" said one travelling man to another.
"Yes, once or twice." 'Pretty old man,
Iisn't he?" "Not so very; at any rate, lhe is
quite young enough to trip the light fantas
tic toe." "The light fantastic toe?" "Yes,
wlthme on the end of it."
AMERIC 1N WOMEN PRE-EMINENT.
The Best Dressed, the Best Looking and
the Most Stylish.
(From the St. Louis Globe-Democrat.)
American women are accustomed to
being called the best dressed women in
the world, and in a certain way and to a
certain extent this is correct. They have
more money and more leisure than the
women of any country in the world,
more freedom in the use of both, and,
not being so much hampered by circum
stances and traditions, they can draw
from all sources and collect in the sum
total of their dress something of all other
In other countries-though there is
no longer in "society" the distinction
and division created by purely national
costume-there are differences quite per
ceptible to trained eyes, which show
both the influence of temperament and
the controlling nature of circumstance.
The German women, for example, have
an exquisite perception of color. They
excel in color combination. They pro
duce the loveliest embroidery in colors
upon linens and other fabrics for house
hold uses; but they do not put it into
their dress-that is, there is nothing of
it seen in the ordinary dress of the mass
es. There are two reasons for this: One
is their poverty, the other a public
opinion which condemns the working
woman if she shows any evidence of
willingness to attract attention by the
gaiety of her attire. If she is above the
rank of the peasant, and must be seen
upon the streets or in public in her efforts
to earn her daily bread, her dress must
be black, or absolutely neutral, to pre
serve herself from remark, or at least
from the inference that she is frivolous.
The workingwomen of France are
bound in very much the same way; but
they have acquired more pecuniary ii
dependence; they control almost all the
retail business of the country, and if
they had the taste for which they receive
the credit, would have worked out
beautiful ideas. But at this moment
France is very much like America; it
receives its ideas second hand, and only
imposes certain sumptuary laws through
the wickedness of its men, who procure
whatever is made attractive to their eyes
and imagination. In England it is
dhfferent. Englishwomen are a type by
themselves, and with the energy of the
Saxon and the tenacity of the Briton
riginate ideas and create conditions
which influence the rest of the world.
The American woman is French and
English when she is not wholly Irish or
lie man, while the Austrian woman is
?rench and German, and in her inde
pendence and activity are a constant re
ninder of the American. But the
imerican women has a little of all in her
ress. She will wear lace like the
4ustrian, a practicel walking dress like
the Englishwoman, all the draperies and
caprices of the French demimonde,
blends colors like an Orieatal, and loves
Cur like a Russian. Sooner or later,
moreover, she gratifies her tastes. The
girl who dreamed dreams in a cotton
sun bonnet, wears $6,000 worth of lace
i a London drawing room, where, as
an American, she is the equivalent of a
luchess. The woman who spent half
her life cooking upon a rickety stove in
a log cabin is a serene old lady in her
Later years, who takes her niece to Europe
and wears sealakin coats and India shawls
worth a small fortune.
DISPLACINtG N:.GHIO LJ3OR.
Germans Working on the Lonsiana Plau
Sonic remarkable changes in the labor
system of Lousiana are taking place.
Agent Becker, of the German Society,
tates that he had, during October, sent
ver a thousand German laborers to the
mgar plantations. All these have been
sent to the upper coast, the work at La
furche and the Teche being on the lowe r
oast, on what is called the Orange Belt,
egins flly a month later. Mr. Ker
ochan, has, ho-vever, already received
twenty-five and Governor Warmoth
forty, who are asked for to plant cane.
Ia atbout a week the for warding of labor
ers will begin for that section, where
several hundred more will be rc qiured,
which Mr Becker expects to be able to
supply. Governor Warmoth alone will
ire more than one hundred.
The agents, observations show that
German labor is steadily growing in
favor, as well as in importance, both in
the cultivation and manufacture of sugar,
and will soon prove a formidable c >m
ptitor to negro labor, as greatly superior
in efficiency and reliabdhty. TLae deesy
of the negro plantation labor is marked.
n 1863 nine tenths of the plantation
ands were colored; in 1878 cight-tenths,
and this year the figure is reduced to
seven-tenths, with a prospect of a much
more rapid reduction in the next few
few years. The secret of success in
rugar raising is shown to be in small
farms and white labor. As a rule the
few settlers coming here from New Eng
land and the West, of which several
hundred families have come in the past
two years, will not employ negroes as
field hands at all. One, white man in
the field is worth two negroes. Meantime
the negroes have almost monopolizcd
the freight hand business of the cities
and landings. As steamboat roustabouts
they are always in demand at from $5(
to $75 per month and sauce on their
pudding, so there is no fear that they
A Murderer Arriated.
John Hlardin, a Beech Island negro. who
in June, 187, killed his cousin. Elbert
Ifardin, tirst. by shooting him down ar.d
aferwrds braninig himt with ai club im a
most brutal manneir, was atrresited oni the
tir4 day13 cl No vemb er at Lee-barg, . ske
loayu. Sar;niT Iu llis knI.wn :of I Ear.
dej'wh I,;w hut for several mIo?nths. andl
has seenl in <~ mreinde ee1 wit h the Fbo' I
da herihf, but on~ ing to the pi eValen.. of
yeiw rver i iLut e uutry, he deemed it
ad~vi.,hi;a m waiit until it was safe to order
his arrest. A shi r while ago he forwar
dedl the necessary papers, and on Thursday
1t he~ received a telegram notifying him
of Hardin's arrest. Deputy Luther Holley
went down last week for the prisoner and
returned with him Monday night, and
lodged him in jail at this place. Hardin
was going by the name of John Bates.
Aiken Journal. .
"One ticket for me, and two children's
tickets for my two little sons." 'Excuse
m, but your older son is certainly o:der
than twelve." '0 yes; but the little one is
as much younger than twelve as the big
ne is older."
TOO MUCH EXERCISE.
A School Girl Said to have been Paralyzed
(From the Philadelphi Record.)
The calisthenics drill by Section 3 of
Class C of the Girls' Normal School is
condemned by Druggist Charles B.
Haig, who alleges that the length and
severity of the present is re
sponsible for the serious illness of his
sixteen-year-old daughter, Anna. This
is Miss Anna's second year in the Nor
mal School, and she belongs to a class
that is assigned two hours each alternate
week for instruction in the calisthenic
department. The girls are all clad in ex
ercise suits of flannel and use light
wooden dumb-bells and wands for gym
nastic purposes. Section 3 consists of
sixty girls, the majority of whom have
had a year's experience in calisthenic
exercises. The delicte pupilawho in
cluded a small proportion of the class,
are excused from physical exercise on
the presentation of a physician's re
quest. On Friday night, after her ex
ercise in the calisthenc department, Miss
Haig was taken with violent pains in
the neck and head. By Saturday the
right side of her face was paralyzed. Dr.
Ziegler, the family physician, ascribed
the paralysis to over-indulgence in calis
thenie manoeuvres. The young lady has
suffered very much, and Mr. Haig says
that under no circumstances will he allow
his daughter to resume physical exercise
when she shall return to the Normal
The physical exercises are given under
the supervision of Miss Grace Spiegle,
who is a person of experience in the
calisthenic departments attached to pub
schools, and is known to be very con
siderate of her pupils. "I distinctly re
member that Miss Heig was excused
from calisthenics all of last term on the
presentation of a physician's certificatQ
that she was unable to indulge in suh
exercises," said Miss Spiegle yesterday.
"But Section 3 of Class C has had only
one hour this termin calisthenics. But
one hour and fifteen minutes actual time
in two weeks is devoted by C 3 to my
department. The time is dividedin this
way: Ten minutes are devoted to the
use of the wand and fifteento explaining
the physical movement. This interval
rests the scholars and another ten min
utes are spent in exercising. The girls
then recite a portion of the lesson, and
after this second rest a short conversation
is indulged in, and the session closes
with ten minutes more of exercises. I
watch the girls very closely, and any
cholar who I think is not capable of en
during the easy exercises I eGcuse from
performing them. Contrary to proving
an injury, it has greatly benefitted the
young girls, as numbers of. $hen4 es4
testify, and they look forward with
pleasure to the hour they spend in my
Wanted the Postmaster.
"Where's the postmaster?" demanded a
long, bony woman, with a freckled face,
who presented herself at one of the deliv
ery windows in the post office the dtlher
"What is it you wish, madam?" inquired
"Are you the postmaster?"
"No, ma'am, but-"
"Thought you didn't look old enough.
[Is the postmaster I want, young man. I
don't want no truck with you. Will you
go and tell him I'd like to see him?''
"He is busy now; but if you will state
your business, perhaps I can attend to it.
You are keeping other people wait-"
"Young man, I've walked eleven blocks
to get here, and I pay as much to support
this post office as any woman of my means
in the city. I'm going to get what I came
for or I'll raise the biggest row you ever
saw. You're a-listening to me, are you,
"I am, madam. Will you please tell me
what you wish'?"
"I want to get a letter I mailed this
morning to Mrs. Edward Felix Winterbot'
tom, Newburyport. Essex county, Mass.
She's my cousin--"
"What do you want it for?"
"I want to write 'In haste' on.the back.
I forgot to write it before I dropped it in,
and the letter's important."
"I can't do such a thing as that for you,
ma'am. Besides, it isn't necessary."
"It ain't, hey? Perhaps you know mon;
about writing letters than I do. Perhaps
you're 55 years old and have carried on a
crrespondence with friends in the East for
thirtyieven years, you long leggedyrtalloi!
haired dude. If you~ don't go and fetdh
But the post office policemen gently led
her fronm the building.-Chicago Tribune.
fleath of Isaac Hame.
Speaking of the death of Mr. Isaac
Hayne, the News and Courier says:
The shock felt at the announcement of
he death of Mr. Isaac Hayne was not con
ined to the large circle of~ his immediate
triends, but extended ;throughout our
entire community; and the recent knowl
edge of his sickness had not prepared us
fr the melancholy tidings. With name
and lineage identified through generations
with the faithful discharge of high duties,
Mr. Hayne in all the relations of life filled
the full measure of responsibility. Of
blameless life and gentle aud amiable dis
position, coupled with a tenacity and firm
ness of purpose which never failed, he de
served and won the confidence and regard
of all to whom he was known; andhis loss
will be widely and deeply felt.
Mr. Ilayne was graduated from the South
Carolina College in the class of 1858; and
it was characteristic of him that his college
friends remained his life-long friends. He
s uidied law in the office of Hayne & Miles,
of wh ich firm his father, the Hon. Isaac
W. IHayne, Attorney General of South
Carolius, was the senior member, and was
admitte;1 to the bar in 1861.
Mr. Ilayne was only in his 50th year. and
iis career seems to us to have been abrupt
y and prematurely ended; but the exam
'le ef his hife will be a heritage not only to
iis children, but to the Bar, to the city and
to the State.
Fatal Accident at Florenee.
FLORENcE, Nov. 6.-Young Tofinmle
Moore. a son of Mr. C. C. Moore, while in
charge of ashooting gallery ton)t during
the absence of the proprietor, was acci
dentally shot in the left cheek by Claude
Waters, a friend of his, and died from the
effects of the wound in about an hour.
Special to News Courier.
A Murder at Gaffney City.
SPARTAFBURG, Nov. 6.-There was a
homicide at Gaff ney City last night. John
Petty ehot Dave Lindsay. killing him,
about a game of cards. Petty has fled and
cannot be found.-Speci to News and