Newspaper Page Text
VOL, III. MANNING, CLARENDON COUNTY, S. C, WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 21, 1888. NO. 26
JOSEPH F. RHAME,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
MANNING, S. C.
TOHN S. WILSON,
Attorney and Counseor at Lar,
MANNING, S. C.
F. N. WILSON,
'MANNING. S. C.
ATTORNEY AT LA W.
3ANNLNGC. S. C.
1' Notary Public with seal.
W L H. INGRAM.
ATTOR EY AT LAW,
Office at Court House,
MANNING, S. C.
me CLIFTON GALUCHAT,
PRACTICES IN COURTS OF
CHARLESTON and CLARENDON.
Address Communications in care of Man
J OS. H. 3ONSTGOMERY,
ATTOREY AT LAW
Main Street. SUMTER, S. C.
peCollections a specialty.
W. F. B. HATNswoRTH, Sumter S, C.
B. S. D).rxss, Manning, S. C.
I AYXSWORTH & flINK.INS,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
MANNING, S. C.
DR. G. ALLEN HUGGINS,
- OFFICES -
MANNING AND KINGSTREE.
Kingstree, from 1st to 12th of each month.
Manning, from 12th to 1st of each month.
9A. M. toi P.M. and 2 to 4 P. M.
J 3. BRAGDON,
REAL ESTATE AGENT,
FORESTON, S. C.
Offers for sale on Main Street, in business
portion of the town, TWO STORES, with
suitable lots; on Manning and R. R. streets
TWO COTTAGE RESIDENCES, 4 and 6
rooms; and a number of VACANT LOTS
suitable for residences, and in different lo
calities. Terms Reasonable.
Louis Cohen & Co.
284 King Street.
CHARLESTON, S. C.
Importers, Wholesale and Retail Dealers in
Dry and Fancy Goods.
JWSamples and prices cheerfully sent
on application. Orders entrusted to
me will receive my prompt personal at
tention. Will be pleased to see my
friends from Clarendon County.
ISAAC M. LORYEA,
With Louis Cohen & Co.,
CHARL ESTO S. C.
Max G. Bryant, JAs. M. LAD,
South Carolina. New York.
Grand Central Hotel.
BRYANT & TLTLAND, PEOPBIETons.
Columbia, South Carolina.
The grand Central is the largest and best
kept hotel in Columbia, located in the EX
AGT BUSINESS CENTER OF THE CITY,
where all Street Car Lines pass -the door,
and its MENUis not excelled by any in the
Win. Burmneste & Co.
HAY AND GRAIN,
Red Rust Proof Oats, a Spe
Opposite Kerr's Wharf,
CHARTETON S. C.
THE BEUL.AH ACADEMY,
Bethlehem, S. C.
'8. B. THOMPSON, Principal.
.FaII Session Begins Monday, Oct. 29.
TInstructionz thorough. government mild
-and decisive, appe~ahng generally to the
studeat'ssense of honor and judgment in
ithe ~important matter of punctuality, de
portment, diligence. &c. Moral and social
LOC A T I OX F INE.
Tuition from $1.00 to $2.00 per month.
Board in good families~ $7.00 per month.
Board from Monday to Friday pe~r muouth
$3.00 to $4.00.
pg For further particulars, address th
J. G. DINKINS, M. D. IR. B. LORTEA.
10.G Dinkins & Co.,
Drog|stS and Pharma8cists,
PUR1E DRUGS AND MEDICINES,
FINE CIGARS AND
Full stock of PArsus, Orus, GuASS
VEMsE and HITE LEAD, also,
PArrT and WHrrEWA~SH BRUSHES.
An elegant stock of
SPECTACLES and EYE GLASSES.
No charge made for fitting the eye.
-Physicians Prescriptions carefully
.comnpounded, day or night.
J. 6. Dinkins & Co.,
Sign of the Golden Mortar,
MA&NNING. S. C.
1OW TILE DEVIL TRAVELS.
REV. T. DEW iT TALM AGE'S SUNDAY
MOI NtNG DISCOURSE.
His Satanic Majesty Marches to His Vic
tims' Souls Throu:h. Avarice. Theft,
Forgery, Jealousy, Murder. Arson. Adul
tery and Every Other Crime.
At the Tabernacle on Sunday morn
ing the Rev. T. DeWitt Talmage, D.
D. took for the subject of his sermon:
"Satan on his Travels." His test was,
Job i., 7: "And the Lord said unto
Satan: Wence comest thou? Then Satan
answered the Lord and said: From going
to and fro in the earth, and from walk
ing up and down in it."
"In my test," said Dr. Talmage, "we
have Satan on his travels, and I am
going to tell you some of the routes he
is apt to take. On his way down from
the palace where he reported himself in
answer to the question: 'Whence comest
thou?' the first range of mischief he may
be expected to take is the air. It was
not a witticism or a slip of the pen when
Paul in his letter to the Ephesians called
Satan the 'Prince of the Power of the
Air.' I think that it means that Satan
works through conditions of the atmos
phere. The west wind is full of angels,
the east wind is full of devils. Satan
spreads abroad his black wings and hur
ricanes andieuroclydons and Carribean
whirlwinds and equinoctials are hatched
out. He takes themiasmas that float up
from swamps and hatches them into ty
phoid fevers. He takes the cold blasts
and hatches them into pneumonia and
rheumatisms and consumptions.
"Not only has he power in the upper
air where highest clouds float, but
power over the lower air which we
breathe, and as we breathe nineteen
times a minute and take in 350 cubic
feet of air in every twenty-four hours,
and much of thif air affects the arterial
circulation, you see what opportunities
the Prince of the Air has of contamina
ting and despoiling and demoralizing a
man. Through atmospheric influence
he clouds the disposition and rasps the
nerves and covers the best of people
with religious despondency, as in the
case of Edward Payson and William
Cowper and that beloved apostle of
Evangelism, James W. Alexander. Hi'.
great delight is to have the air of
churches vitiated, and in that way dulls
the preacher and stupifies the people,
and sees to it that the atmosphere of not
more than one out of a hundred churches
is fit to breathe, and whole congrega
tions, Sabbath after Sabbath, are as
phynxiated. Yes, he is worthy of the
title St.'Paul gave him-'Prince of the
Power of the Air.'
"Another route he is apt to take is
through domestic life. There is no
greater sport for him than conjugal
quarrels. He says to the husband:
'What a plain wife you have compared
with what she once was. Don't you see
that the color has gone out of her cheek,
and there are several wrinkles about her
temples and a sprinkling of frost on her
locks? Besides that, you have advanced
in intelligence, while she has stood still
or gone back. How hard it is that you
should be chained to such dullness and
imbecility!' Then he turns and says to
his wife: 'That man neglects you; you
have a right to be jealous. He likes his
cigar and his club and anything and
everything better than you. Why not
get a divorce? Marriage is only a civil
contract anyhow, and not a divine alli
ance. Let me have that ring. It means
nothing, and you might as well give it
to me.' The ring is handed over to
Satan and he tosses it into the yawning
"There are thousands ot marriage re
lations strained almost to the breaking,
and I commend to all men and women
who are restless in the present marriage
state that they resume the old time
cortship and take as much pains to
make themselves agreeable as they did
five or ten or twenty years ago, before
the wedding march announced to the
flahed and fluttering crowd that the
bride and groom were coming. Accord
ing to the statistics of Professor Dikes,
in one year in moral New Hampshire
there were 241 divorces; in temperate
Maine, 478 divorces; in good old Massa
chsetts, 600 divorces, and in New Eng
land of 'steady habits,' 2,113. In one
county of Illinois 830 divorce suits were
be gun in one year, and in many places
it seems as if new arrangement had been
made of the commandments, and instead
of ten there were only nine, the seventh
commaudment having been left out.
When you see how many husbands and
wives are parted by law, and know of so
many who would like to dissolve conja
gal partnershipr~ do you not come to the
conclusion that Satan is engaged in
"Another route that Satan is apt to
take iin his active travels is the factoriEs
and other establishments where capital
sits in the oflitce or counting room and a
good many hands of laborers are busy
among wheels and spindles and fabrics.
On this visit he will ?irat.step into the
manufacturer's office and finding the
owner and proprietor of the great estab
lihnment all alone with his correspon
ence and his account books, says to him:
'You are not making as much money
as you ought. You furnish all the brains.
Wre it not for your enterprise this es
tablishment would not be in existence.
These men and women in your employ
are very common mold. TIheir appetite
is coarser and they do not need the lux
uries you require. Their comfort and
happiness are of very little importance.
Pat them down on the very verge of
btrvation and tatkt all the prullis into
your own possession, and if theyj do not
ike it tell themi to go where they can do
"Having done his work in the count
ing-room, Satan steps right out amiong
the workmen. He says: 'You work toe
many hours and you do your work bettei
than it needs to be done. You art
serving a bloated bond-holder, anyhow.
He has no right to have any more that
you have. Why should he ride and yeu
walk? Why should he have tenderloin
steak and you salt pork? CJaptial is th(
enemy of labor. Let labor be the sworn
foe oi capital. Why don't you strike
and bring him to terms? Wait until het
has a large order to till by contract, anc
then he cannot help himself. Glo al.
togeher without a moment's warning
and tell him you are going to stop. If
he has more resources than you know of
and persists in going on and getting
new men, give them a volley of brick
bats or put a little dynamite in his office
and blow him and his factory all up with
the same explo.ion.'
"Look out there on the night sky!
Great fire somewhere. What is it? The
night is cold and Satan has made a big
bonfire of that factory to warm himself
by. The capitalist has lost heavily and
the workmen and their families are
without bread and clothing. 'Whence
comest thou, Satan?' 'From going to and
fro among employers and employees, and
walking up and down among them. Ha!
ha! I was the only one that made any
thing out of that strike. What a splen
did fire and lots of smoke! Hi na! like
"Another route Satan is apt to take in
his active travels is through the mercan
tile establishments. He steps in and
says to the clerks: 'How much salary do
you get? Is that all? Why, you can't
live on that! You have a right to enough
for a livelihood. A few quarters out of
the money drawer will never be missed,
or here and there is a remnant of goods
you could take home without being
found out. Or you could change those
account books a little, and you could
make that figure eight a naught and
that figure five a three, and if you do
not feel exactly right about doing that
you can some day pay it back, which
you can do perfectly easy. Don't feel
like running the risk? Well, then, you
can't go to the theatre, and you can't
go on that round with the boys, and you
will have to wear that plain coat, whereas
you could have your overcoat furlined,
and take board at a tip-top place, and
walk amid plush and tapestries positive
ly Oriental. While you are making up
your mind I will just go through the
different parts of this great commercial
establishment and try every one, from
the wealthy firm down to the errand
"The result of that Satantic visit is
that one of the partners has drawn so
much out of the concern that the whole
business is crippled, and a bright and
promising boy is sent home to his
mother in disgrace and a young man is
in jail for embezzlement. Three lives
ruined and three eternities. Whence
comest thou, Satan? Satan would rather
have one young man than twenty old
ones. If he won the septuagenarians
and the octogenarians he could do but
little harm with them. Bat he says:
'Give me a young man, especially if he
be bright and generous and social.' He
sees that the young men have for good
or bad been the mightiest in this world.
Hernando Cortes conquered Mexico at
32. Gustavus Adolphus became immor
tal in history so early that he died at
38. Raphae!, the most famous of paint
ers, died at 37. William Pitt was Prime
Minister of England at 24. Jesus Christ
completed his earthly life at 33. Five
years in a young man's life are of more
power for good or evil than the last
fifteen of an old man's life. So Satan is
especially greedy for young men, and
in going to and fro in the earth he has
especial temptation for them.
"Another route that Satan on his
active travels is apt to take is for the
dispoiling of the people's souls. It does
tot pay him merely to destroy the bodies
of men and women. Those bodies
would soon be gone anyhow; but great
treasures are involved in this Satanic ex
cursion. On this route he meets a man
who is aroused by something he has
seen in the-Bible, and Satan says: 'Now
I can settle all that. The Bible is an
imposition. It has been deluding the
world for centuries. ])o not let it de
lude you. It has no more authority
than the Koran of the Mohammedan or
the Shaste. of the Hindoo, or the Zenda
Vesta of the Persian!' He meets another
man who is hastening toward the king
domi of God and sas: 'Why all this pre
cipitation ? Religion is right, but any
tune nithin the next ten years will be
soon e-nough for you. A man with a
stout chest like yours and such muscular
develop ment, need not be bothering
himselt about the next world.' But
Satan says nothing to him about the fact
that the professor who gave3 his whole
life to the study of health. and could lift,
more poiuds than any American, died
at about 4t1, and that another learned
man who proved conclusively that if we
observed all the laws of health we need
never die, expirca before he got his book
on that subj.et published.
"$atau meets another man who has
gone through a long course of profligacy
and is beginning to pray God for for
giveness, and Satan says to the man:;
'You arc too late; the Lord will not help
such a wretch as you, you migut as well
bravy ulp and fight your own. way
through.' Aud so with a spite and an
acuteLL'.s and a velocity that have been
gaining for 6,000 years, he ranges up
and down bfiling, disappointing, de
feating, r fllicting, destroying the humn
race. Hie hats instigated every war. He
has u j.oiced in every pestilence. He
has sixa t: d tvery groan. He has pressed
out every sigh. Hie has hurled every
ship wreek. Lararettoes, insane asylums,
commercial panics, plagues, destroying
angels, continental earthquakes, and
world wide disasters are to him a
perfect glee. Can you look upon
the Comimunism and the Mormon
ism, and the Mohammedanismi, and
the wide sweep of drunkenness and
fraud and libertinism, the France-Ger
man War and Crimean War, the North
and South United States War, and rivers
of blood flowing across continents of
misery into oceans of wretchedness,with
out realizing the power of the evil one,
who reported to the Lord Almighty,
and when asked: Whence comest thou?
answered: 'From going to and fro in
tho earth. and from going up and'down
"RT mamber, it is no sin at all to be
tempted. -The best and the mightiest
have be tempted. Milton describes a
toad quat at the ear of Eve. The sin is
in surrendering. Do not feel so secure
in yourself as to think you cannot be
overthrown. How do you account for
the fact that there are so many old men
in Sing Sing and Auburn and the other
penitentiaries serving out their pro
trasted sentences for frauds committed
in midlife or advanced ages, although
their early life had been good, and
nothing had been suspected of them
until at 50 or 60 years of age the whole
land was struck dumb at their forgery
or embezzlement. The clock in the
steeple of old Trinity Church striking
the hours id not remind the recreant
Wall-streeter of the passage of time that
would soon bring exposure to and doom.
The explanation is that Mephistopheles,
Apollyon, Satan got in his work at that
time. The man was not naturally bad.
He was as good as any of you are, but
Satan, with whole battalions of infernals,
swooped upon him unawares. Look
oul for the wiles of the devil, not only
those of you who are young, but the
middle-aged and the old. Outside of
God you are not safe a moment. But
yield not to disheartenment. If we put
our trust in God our best days are yet
to come- days of victory, days of song,
days of Heaven, and the best days of
the cause of righteousness in all the
earth are yet to come. As the ten
thousand men of Zenophon's army when
they came to the top of Mount Theches
and saw the waters on which they were
to sail to their homes, the soldiers with
clapping hands and waving banners al
together shouted: 'The sea, the sea!' So
we to-day in our march toward oar
heavenly home come up to the top of
the mountain of holy anticipation and
look off upon oceans of light, and ocoans
of joy; and, thrilled as we never have
been thrilled before, we clap our hands
and wave our gospel ensigns, and cry
one to another, and shout up to the re
sponding an: re echoing heavens: 'The
sea, the sea!'"
DELIBERATIONS OF THE DOCTORS.
President Talley's Address-Proceedings of
(Columbia Record, Nov. 15.)
The Association of Confederate Medical
Survivors of the Army and Navy met in
the Council Chamber at noon today. The
following members were present: Messrs.
A. N. Talley, W. B. Taylor, A. J. China,
Win. Anderson, R. H. Edmunds, F. L.
Frost, Middleton Michel, Thos. J. McKie,
James McIntosh, A. S. Salley, George R.
President Talley delivered an address of
welcome as follows:
"It is with sincere pleasure that I wel
come you on this the first anniversary of
our Association and my welcome waxes
warmer with a knowledge of the sacrifices
your presence here involves-sacrifices
which none but the busy practitioner may
appreciate or the patriotic citizen make.
That our membership is not more largely
represented we deeply regret, but censure
is not an element of that regret, for we are
far from suspecting our absent friends of
waning interest in the objects of our meet
"In offering you the welcome which it is
my province and pleasure to extend, per
init me to give expression to a thought
which I hope you will deem neither irrele
vant nor ill-timed. It is true that ours is
in no sense a political organization, and
that with us the behests of party are sub
:rdinate to the instincts of patriotism, but
no loyal son of the South-with the recol
lection of the humiliation, deep, dark and
mainuing, to which he has been subjected,
yet rankling in his heart and branded upon
his memory-can fail to look with anxiety
upon our political environment. The
louds which once darkened our civiliza
tion and threatened our extinction again
appcar in our horizon and the listening ear
may catch the stealthy steps of change and
"Do we not, my comrades and friends,
il this menace find an incentive to closer
union, the bands of a stronger brotherhood?
Does it not admonish us to cherish the
recollection of what we have done and suf
fered in our country's cause that we may
derive fresh inspiration from the recollec
lion? True it is we may never again be
called upon to forsake kindred and home
for the perils of the battle-field-and God
grant that we never mae ! But should the
cll come, the experience of the past
teaches that it will not fall upon deaf ears
in this association.
"But let us rather hope that the new era
will not be one of stratagems and spoils,
of sectional strife and vindictive persecu
tion, but that a broad philanthropy and an
ndghtened patriotism may shape the des
linies of our commoncountry."
On motion of Dr. Mcintosh a committee
was appointed to select eminent surgeons.
to address the association at the next meet
ing. The committee con-ists of Doctors
Michell, McIntosh and Talley.
Oc motion of Dr. China the present offi
eers were re-electel.
The followin-i lineal descendants of
members were elected mnembers of the as
uciat ion: Doctors M. G. Salley, R. An
:Iral Brattoni. WV. T. Edmunds and A. N.
Doctors F. P. Porcher and James McIn
tosh were appointed a committee on Necro
The association then adjourned to meet
at 8.30 P. M. at the residence of Dr. Tay
L.r, who has tenudere:l the body a collation.
The Sharpshnoters of McGowan's Brig
ide assembled again last night and effected
a permanent organization with the follow
inag as oflicers: President, Maj. W. S. Dun
lop; Vice President, Lieut. N. I. Hasel;
Secretary. John C. Squier; Treasurer, Da
The following were enrolled as members:
Maj. W. S. D~unlop, Arkansas, command
ing battalion; Lieut. N. I. Hasel, Charles
ton: Sergeant David Moore, Columbia; S.
W. Ruff. Fairtield; Rufus Harling, Edge
field; I. Dicks, Barnwell; Henry Bundrick,
Fairtield; John C. Squier, Columbia; S.
Thomas, Richland; Colonel A. C. Haskell,
Columbia; 0. F. Chappell, Bookman's;
WV. H. Brunson, Edgefield.
Major Dunlop delivered an interesting
recital of the wvar history of the brigade,
and a vote of thanks was tendered him
After the meeting the members met at
Branigan's, where they partook of an ex
cellent supper.-Columnbia Record, No
Rumnors of a Terribl~e Raitroad Accident.
Gumc~vruLL. Nov. 12.--The North
Carolina Air Line train, due here at 1.51
P. M. did not arrive on time, and the de
pot officials have be':n notified that the
train has been abandoned on account of a
wreck between Toccoa and Tugaloo River
trestle. Particulars of the accident are
unauthenticated here, but it is learned re
liably that the train was thrown from the
track and afterwards caught fire and
burned up. Horrible possibilities are sug
gested. but reports are conflicting as to
whether there was any loss of life or not.
A generous patron was a lady who con
trbuted to a fair held the other day. SI~e
b -ought a large number of useful and fancy
artcles to assist in the adornment of the
tables, and after they had been accepted
purchased them all herself.
OLD BILL HINDSLEY.
& Tennesseean Who Couldn't Tell the
Truth If He Wanted To.
A horseback traveler, in Tennessee,
approached an old fellow who sat on a
log, near Richland Station, and asked
him if he had lived long in that neigh
borhood. The old fellow scratched his
grizzly beard, looked about him,
whistled softly and then said:
"I lived here when Andrew Jackson
made his famous State Bank speech,
standing right out there on that
"You don't say so!" .
"Yes, I do." -
"What is your name?"
"Those who know me best and who
consequently respect me most, refer to
me as Hon. William Hindsley, but
the more ignorant, and consequently
more familar, call me old Bill."
"Very productive land about here, I
suppose?" the stranger said.
"So do I."
"Good place for watermelons?"
"Tolerable. I raised a few last year
that were putty good size. I know a
passul of us took one, ripped it in two
with old Uncle Jim McLaughlin's cross
cut saw, hulled out the meat, and got
in the shell and paddled across the high
"You don't say so!"
"Yes, I do."
"Good place for corn?"
"Only tolerable. I raised some last
year, though, that was putty good
size. Passul of us one day shelled
one of the ears, put the cob on Wat
Goosetree's wagon and hauled it to a
'ro have it sawed into lumber."
'Yes, I do," Mr. Hindsley broke in.
"'That's a pretty big stump out
there," said the stranger.
"Yes, pretty good size."
"Was the tree very tall?"
"About two hundred feet."
"Yes, I do."
"How long has it been cut down?' '
"I cut it down last spring was a year
"Thought you said that Andrew
Jackson stood on that stump."
"Oh, no; I said he leaned against the
"Yes, I remember now. Timber
grows very rapidly in this country,
"Yes, pretty peart. I neglected chop
ping down some black oak sprouts in
my field one day, and the next morning
we chopped down several of them and
split them into rails."
"Well, that is remarkable. Now,
that great tree that was so tall, how
long was that growing?"
"Well, I tell you. It came up sum
mer before last and was grown by the
"I thought you said that Andrew
Jackson leaned against that tree."
"Oh, no; I said he used to own the
land where the tree grew."
The stranger rode away, and meet
ing a man shortly afterward, asked
him if he knew Hon. William Hinds
"Yes, I know old Bill."
"Know him pretty well?" '
"Yes, well enough to know that out
here at the station if a man repeats
any thing that old Bill says, w'y, we
fine him a bushel of meal."
"Suppose the indiscreet man refuses
to pay it?"
"He can't help himself, for the mat
ter has been decided by the Supreme
Court. A fellow named Be'n Hardin
contested the case, and it broke him
* MOTELS IN JAVA. '
One of Mrs. Forbes' Experiences in the
Hotels here are all similar in plan,
a quadrangle. The front block is the
reception hall, fronted by a veranda.
The~ veranda is faced with marble,.
and disposed in it are numerous small
tables, chairs and lounges. Passing
from the veranda through the recep
tion hail you will find the dining room
extended back into the square. It is
simply roofed, and flowers in pots and
pendant creepers fill the open sides.
The bedrooms open into the court-yard,
formed by the remaining three sides
of the square, having each a veranda
furnished with a table and a lounging
chair, making, as it were, a parlor for
the occupant of the bedroom behind.
As I returned (from the bath) at every
cottage door sat the occupants, the
gentlemen lying back in their chairs,
with their bare feet extended over the
long ledges. Ladies sat by them and
below, and "boys" hurried hither and
thither. The sarong and kabia fgrm
the native dress, adopted by the Euro
pean ladies for comfort and conveni
ence in the climate, and worn by them
as sleeping attire, as also during the
day in a richer form. Imagine a piece
of calico two yards long cut from a
web. Sew together the raw edges,
and you have a petticoat without band
or hen. Imagine it covered with
floral patterns or curious devices of
crawling creatures, or having a village
with houses and scenes oif daily life de
pited on it, and you see a sarong, or
skirt. Put this o'ver youl- head, draw
all the fullness in front, and form of
this a large plait; put round your waist
to hold it a cord with a rich tassel de
pending, or a gay silk sash. Then put
on a dressing jacket of finue lawn, trim
med with lace; loosen your hair and
let it fall down your back; slip your
stockingless feet into Tnrdian-looking
pantoffles, with gilt or silver embroid
ery. Take now a fan in your hand and
promenade before your mirror.--Ez
perences in thec Eastemi 4apelage byj
THE SULTAN'S COURT.
Eow Abdul Hamid Lost the Respect of Him
Partisan. and People.
Round the Sultan moves a little world
of marshals, chamberlains, secretaries,
dragomans and eunuchs, who interfere
in all matters of state. The principle
which guides His Majesty in the selec
tion of these officials may be guessed
from the mixture of slavish flattery of
his mental abilities and insolent trad
ing on his weaknesses which alone en
ables them to maintain their posts and
influence. All of them have ups and
downs of favoritism; but among t, em
there are invariably two or three sufi
ciently strong to get the most im
portant measures blocked for weeks if
it suits their purpose, and not unfre
quently rejected entirely, even though
unanimously recommended by the cabi
net, the members of which have grad
ually sunk into mere heads of depart
mrents. Witness the recall of the Am
1 w-ador from Rome without the
knowiedge of either the Grand Vizier
or i'oreiga Minister, and an order for
torpedo boats kept secret from the
admiralty. Against the power of this
secret council it is futile to struggle,
and people dealing with the Govern
ment and palace must accept things as
they are, and pay court to the para
sites, who rapidly acquire wealth by
turning their influence to the worst
account. Of the Sultan's nervousness,
that tremendous lever in designing
hands, enough has been written to the
English journals, where every body
has read of tne fortified seraglio and
and the mosque built at its
gates; of the elaborate precautions
against imaginary conspiracies, and
of the host of unscrupulous spies. To
his fears and indulgence in costly folb
lies Abdul Hamid owes the loss of his
people's respect and much of the bad
luck which is dogging his footsteps.
At heart he means well, and is proba
bly unconscious that his selfish whims
and fancies are always allowed to out
weigh the good of the nation, but the
effect is nevertheless deplorable. He
erroneously believes himself to be a
reformer, though he may fairly claim
to be an innovator. Pious he is, and
sober, uxorious also, and squeamishly
merciful toward non-political offend
ers. He will not sanction the death of
the vilest murderer, quite forgetting
that, especially in Turkey, leniency to
criminals entails misery on the law
abiding. Music is his greatest pleas
ure, though he does not despise
conjuring tricks and puppet-dancing.
But,to do him justice, these are the re
laxations, not the business, of life,
which is to plot and scheme and labor
to restore the caliphate to its ancient
splendor, and the Ottoman empire to
the ranks of the leading powers. Ever
dreaming, never acting. Abdul Hamid
loiters in his chateaux en Espagne, hug
ging himself in the illusion that he is
a mighty monarch and spinning, with
the aid of soothsayers and toadies, in.
numerable~cobwebs of future triumphs,
while the country over which he yet
rules is reeling to its foundations, and
threatens to overwhelm him and his
projects in a common ruin.-Fortnight
A GOTHAM ROMANCE.
An Auction .Sale Behind Which Lay tho
Tra~gedy of a Life.
A mysterious .and .striking auction
sale took place in New York the other
day, in an up-town nlat. It had evi
dently been occupied by a woman,
young, beautiful and refined, and she
had.gone out of it without removing
even her rings that lay::in the jewelb
stand on the dainty dressing-table.
Every thing was sold unreservedly.
A piano, with a pile of songs and sheet
after sheet of classical music; a library
containing all the best of the modern
authors, and many whom the verdict
of the ages have consecrated; books
finely bound and artistically illus
trated, showing that the reader liked
to have her mental food served up on
dainty dishes; pictures that, while
they were not, perhaps, very costly,
showed the owner knew the best and
appreciated it; brie-a-brac of all sorts
and well selected; a table service,
consisting of napery-like satin and
china, showing the best of the Wedg
wood, Sevres and Worcester manu
factures. And wearing apparel dainty
enough for a Princess-tiny Satin slip
pers, five-and-a-half gloves, stockings
like silk cobwebs and handkerchiefs as
fine-quaint, picturesque, made evi
dently for a tall, slim woman; Eastern
shawls, delicate lace-trimmed lingerio
-all the beautiful things with which a
high-bred and luxurious woman sur
rounds herself. Apparently no selec
tions had been made, nothing kept
back, and the woman had walked away
beyond a doubt with nothing but the
clothes she wore. The auctioneer said,
briefly, in answer to all interrogations,
that the owner h-ad suddenly deter
mined to go into a convent, and had
directed that the entire contents of the
fat bc disposed of for the benefit of the
institution she had entered. It was
plain that the great tragedy; of a life
lay behind it, but ivhat it was, the de-~
tails of it. will never be knzown.-N. Y.
Cor. Swz Frmrici.c. Argowmut.
-The other day a liostoa man re
ceived a letter on the envelop of which
were the words: "Blood! Blood!
Blood!" in big red letters. Thinking
that it contained a threat to kill him,
he gave it unopened to the police.
When they opened it they found it
ws a harmless appeal from a Salva
tion Army crank.
-A citizen in Marietta, La., put
some chestnuts on the roof to dry, and
the rats gnawed holes through the
roof to get the chestnuts, and when it
rained the water camne through those
hnles with a ruish.
THE FARMERS' ASSOCIATION.
Annual Meeting in Columbia-The Presi
dent's Address-The Legislature Request
ed to Accept the Clemson Bequest-Other
(Columbia Record, Nov. 15.)
The Farmers' Association of South Caro
lina met in Agricultural Hall last night,
President D. K. Norris in the chair. He
addressed the Association, setting forth the
present aims and objects of the organiza
tion, more especially with reference to the
Clemson bequest. On this subject Mr.
"The munificent bequest of Mr. Clem
son has eliminated the plea of poverty from
the list of objeetions to the establishmeat
of an agricultural college. The fund ac
cruing to the State upon its acceptance of
that bequest was, in the opinion of gentle
men learned in the law, available for the
erection of the necessary buildings.
"The property is inagnificent, and the
funds given by Congress for the advance
ment of agriculture in this State should .be
given to its support and diverted from the
maintenance'of a systemas onceanpopu
lar and unprofitable. More than thisthe
State should cover every dollar.bequeathed '
by Mr. Clemson for the education. of the.
sons of its sturdy yeomen. It has been
said that the State should not accept the
bequest because it could not cont-ol-the
management of the college when erected.
"The fallacy of this statement was ob
vious. 'Mr. Clemson's executor was in
structed to deed the property to the State,
not to the seven trustees. Should the
State accept the bequest in the time speci
fied it will pass into the ownership and-ab
solute control of the State; his seven trs
ees, like the six chosen by the Legislature,
will be in the hands of the State, and can
do nothing without the 'consent of the
Whether the Clemson bequest is ac
cepted or not, you should stand by your
demand for a separate college, and the
funds, not being spent, should be husband
ed and allowed to accumulate until such
time as the courts will pass upon this be
quest or the Legislature has acceded to the
aemands of the people for an agricultural
college. Until we have this college for the
education of the masses, and until a more
economical administration .of State affairs
is entered on, the Farmers' Association of
South Carolina cannot, will not, must not
The next business in order was the elec
tion of officers. After several withdrawals,
Capt. G. W. Shell, of Laurens, was unani
mously elected president. Capt. Shell had
himself declined to run against Col. Don
aldson, of Greenville, who in turn would
not oppose Captain Shell.
The following-named gentlemen Were
ele.ted vice presidents: M. L. Donaldson,
of Greenville; G. Leaphart, of Lexington,
and J. N. King, of Abbeville.
A number of resolutions were offered
ard referred to the committee on resolu
tiois, who reported favorably upon the fol
lowing, which were adopted.
By J. C. Stribbling, of Oconee:
Whereas the Hon. Thomas G. Clemson,
deceased, did by his last will and testament
donate to the State of South Carolina a
large property for the purpose of establish
ing an agricultural college at Fort Hill in
said State; and whereas we, the farmers of
South Carolina, feel the need of agricul
tural education and very much desire the
said college to be established; be it, there
Resolved, That the Legisluture be ir:
gently requested to pass a joint resolution
at its ensuing session to the effect that the
State will acct pi, the .Clemson bequest
whenever the will shall have been estab
. resolution was adopted commending
certain newspapers [names not given] that
had worked in the interest of the agricul
tural movement to the members of the or
ganization for their preference and support.
Mr. B. 0. Duncan offered a resolution
that this Convention suggest to the next
Legislature the names of live gentlemen to
till the vacancies about to occur on the
Board of Agriculture, which was adopted
and a committee appointed, who presented'
the following names: For the First Cir
cuit, W. T. C. Bates, of Orangeburg;
Third Circuit, J. E. Tindall, of Clarendon;
Fifth Circuit, B. 8. Tillman, of Edghfield:
Seventh Circuit, J. A.Sli1gh, of Newtberry;
State at large, D, K. Norris, of Anderson.
The following resolutions by Mr. Norris
were unfavorably reported by the commit
tee, but adopted by the Convention:
"That the President of this (Convention
do appoint two of its members, who shalt
forthwith visit the Agricultural College of
Mississippi, located at Clarksville in that
State, and investigate thoroughly and in
partially the workings of said institution.
"That for the information of the people .
of this State said committee shall make,
through a leading paper in each of: the
citics of Charleston, Columbia and Green
ville, a report upon the success or failure
of said institution, according to the con
clusions they shall have reached from ob
"That the two members at large of the
Slate Board of Agriculture are hereby in
vited to join with the two members of this
Convention in making the investigation,
and report as herein provided for."
The Chair appointed as such committee
D. K. Norris. "f Anderson, and J. E. Tin
dal, of Clarendon.
A resolution ny Mr. B. Odell Duncan,
demanding the acceptance of the Clemson .
bequest by the Legislature and diverting
the land scrip fund and experimental sta
tion fund from the State University, was -
reported unfavorably and the report was
Dr. J. 0. Byrd, of Darlington, offere4 a
resolution calling a Constitutional Conven
tion. It was unfavorably reported and
finally laid on the tabfe.
A resolution urging and requesting .the
Legislature to so legislate as to secure a re
duction of expenses in the State govern
ment was reported unfavorably and the
committee's report was sustained by the
At 12.45 A. M. the Convention ad
journed sice die, after appointing the ex
ecutive committee as follows:
Abbeville, G, N. Nicholls; Anderson, D.
K Norris; Aiken, J. E. Hawlinson; Ches
ter, J. H. Hardin; Clarendon, J. E. Tin
L!11l; Darlington, J. 0. Byrd; Edgifield,
B. R. Tillman; Fairfield, T. P. Mitchell;
Kershaw, W. K. Thompson; Greenvalle.
W. B. Buist; Lexington, J. M. Crine;
Laurens, J. M. Hudgens; Pickens. W. T.
Field; Newberry, Thompson Connor;
Spartanburg, Moses Wood; Sumter. H. R.
Thomas; Oconec, R. W. Shelor; Berkeley,
J. B. Morrison; Marion, E. T. Stackhouse;
Union, J. W. Gregory.
The propagation of game should be taken
up seriously and become a branch to be
fostered and encouraged in the same man
ner as the methods of the pisciculturists.
That game can be successfully restored to
depleted portions of the country is not a
question of doubt. Experiments have
shown that under proper conditions perfect
suce is sure to result from the effort.