Newspaper Page Text
VOL. III. MANNING, CLARENDON COUNTY, S. C, WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 28, 1888. NO. 27
J OSEPH F. RHAME,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
MANNING, S. C.
JOHN S. WILSON,
Attorney and Counselor at Law,
MANNING, S. C.
MANNING. S. C.
ATTOR3 EY AT LAW,
MANNING, S. C.
.N'otary Public with seal.
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
Office at Court House,
MANNING, S. C.
M CLINTON GALUCHAT,
PRACTICES n coUnTs OF
CHARLESTO' and CLARETDOY.
Address Communications in care of Man
JOS. H. MONTGOMERY,
Main street. SUMTER, S. C.
.prCollections a specialty.
W. F. B. Harstswouru, Sumter S. C.
B. S. DINEs, Manning, S. C.
HAYNSWORTH & DINKINS,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,j
MANNING, S. C.
R. G. ALLEN HUGGINS,
- OFFICES -
MANNING AND KINGSTREE.
Kingstree, from 1st .to 12th of each montih.
Man g-from42th to-1st of each month.
9A.M. to1 P.M. and2to4P.M.
J J. BEAGDON,
REAL ESTATE AGENT,
FORESTON, S. C.
Offers for sale on Main Street, in business
portion of the town, TWO STORES, with,
suitable lots; on and R. R. streets
TWO COTTAGE B~bD ENCES, 4 and &
rooms; and a number of VACANT LOTS
suitable for rgsidenoes, and in different lo
Louis Cohen & Co.
284 King Street.
CHARLESTON, S. C.
Importers, Wholesale and Retail Dealers in
Dry and Fancy Goods.
aSWSamples and prices cheerfully sent
on application. Orders entrusted to
me will receive my prompt personal at -
tention. Will be .deased to see my
friends from Clarendon County.
IS A AC M. LORYEA,
With Louis Cohen & Co.,
CHARL ESTO2, S. C.
MAX G. Bryant, Jas. M.'LM ,
South Carolina. New York.
Grand Central Hotel.
BRYANT & LETLAND, P~opBIxrons.
Columbia, Sou-li Caroiia.
The grand Central is the largest and best,
kepthotel in Columbia, located in the EX
ACT BUSYESS C ENTE R OF T HE CITY,
whereanl Street aCar. Lines pss. the door,
ani $iis slot ael by any.mn the
Pr6Oats~ a Spe
Opposite Kerr's. Wharf,.
B. B. THOMPSON, Principal.
FiB Session Begis Monday, Oct. 29.
~Instruction thoroagh,. government, mild
- and decisive, appealhng generally to the
student's sense of honor and judgment in
the important matter of punctuality, de
potent diligence. &c. Moral and social
Tuition from $1.00 to $2.00 per month.
Board in~ good families S7.00 per month.
.Boeirdsom ,Monday to Friday per month
prFor further particulars, address th
J. G. DINKINS, M. D. R B. LORYEA.
i. G. Diokios & Co.,
-DEg| IS 8 S l8 8- SS
PURE DRUGS AND'MEDICINES,
.. fI]SE CIGARS AND)
Full stock of Pmers, Oras, Grass
-Ymzass anid WmrrE LED, also,
Parm and WHrTEnAsH IREUSHES.
Eri'eegant stoc~k of
SEC fCES and EYE GLASSES.
* odage made for fitting the eye.
Physicin Prescriptions carefully
~compounmded, day nr night.
-jf9' mnIn|IS & Co5i
Sign of the Golden Mortar,
wM NING. S. C.
TAIMAGE TALKS ON TALENT.
IT SROULD BE USED IN ORDER TO
The Old Story of the Man Who Intrusted
Money to his Servants and Received
Interest from Some of Them-Rewards
for the Dull as Well as the Brilliant.
The Rev. Dr. Talmage preached to a
large congregation in the Brooklyn Tab
ernacle on Sunday on "Bewards for the
dull as well as the brilliant." He took
for his text, "Unto one he gave five
talents, to another two, and to another
one; to every one according to his several
ability." Matt. xxv. 15. He said:
"Many of the parables of Jesus Christ
were more graphic in the times in which
he lived than they are now, because
circumstances have so much changed.
In olden time, when a man wanted to
wreak a grudge upon his neighbor,
after the farmer had scattered the seed
weat over the field and was expecting
the harvest, his avenger would go across
the same field with a sack full of the
seed of darnal grass, scattering that seed
all over the field, and of course it would
sprout up and spoil the whole crop; and
it was to that Christ referred in parable
when he spoke of the.tares being sown
among the wheat.
"In this land our farms are fenced off,
and the wolves have been driven to the
mountains, and we cannot fully under
stand the meaning of the parable in re
gard to the shepherd and thd lost sheep.
But the parable from which I speak to
day is founded on something we all
undarstand. It is built on money, and
that means the same in Jerusalem as in
New York. It means the same to the
serf as to the Czar, and to the Chinese
coolie as to the Emperor. Whether it
is made out of bone or brass, or iron or
copper, or gold or silver, it speaks all
languages without a stammer. The
parable of the text runs in this wise:
The owner of a large estate was about to
leave home, and he had some money
that he wished properly invested, and
so he called together his servants and
"'I am going away now, and I wish
you would take this money and put it
to the very best possible use, and when
I come back return to me the interest.'
To one man he gave $9,400, to others he
gave lesser sums of money; to the least
he gave $1,880. He left home and was
gone for years, and then returned. On
his arrival he was anxious to know about
worldly affairs, and he called his servants
together to report to him. 'Let me
know,' said he, 'what you have been
doing with my property since l have
been gone.' The man who had received
the $9,400 came up andsaid: 'I invested
that money. i got good interest for it.
I have in other ways rightly employed
it; and here are $18,800. You see I
have doubled what you gave me.' 'That's
very good,' said the owner of the estate,
'that's grandly done. I admire your
faithfulness and industry. I shall re
ward you. Well done; well done.'
"Other servants came up with smaller
accumulations. After a while I see a
man dragging himself along, with his
head hanging. I know from the way he
comes in hat he is a lazy fellow. He
comes up to the owner of the estate and
ere are those $1,880. What!'
says the Owner of~the property, 'haven't
you -made it accumnlate anything?'
'othing-nothing.' 'Why, what have
you been about all these years?' 'Oh,
I was afraid that if I invested it, I might
somehow lose it. There are your $1,880.'
Many a man started out with only a
crown in his pocket, and achieved a
fortn, but this fellow of my text with
$1,880'has gained not one farthing. In
stead -of confessing his indolence, he
goes to work to berate his master, for
indolenc'e is most always impudent and
impertinent. Of course he loses his
place azad is discharged from the service.
"Thetowner who went out into a far
contry is Jesus Christ, going from
earth to Heaven. The servants spoken
of in the text are membersof the Church.
The talents are our different qualifica
tions of usefulness given in different
proportions to diferent people. The
coming back of the owner is the Lord
yesus returningat the judgement to final
setkinent. The raising of some of these
men to be rulers over live or two cities is
the exaltation of the righteous at the last
day, while the casting out of the idler is
:the expulsion of all those who have mis
improved their privileges.
--earn urst from this subject, that
becoming a Christian is merely going
out to serve. If you have any romatic
idea about becoming a Christian, I want
now to scatter the romance. If you
enter into the Kingdom of God, it will
be going into plain, practical. honest,
conuous, persistent Christian work.
I know there are a great many people
who have fantastic and romantic notions
about this Christian life, but he who
seves G.od with all the energies of body,
mind and saoul is a worthy servant; and
he 'who does not, is an unworthy servant.
Wen the war trumpet sounde, all the
Lord's soldiers must march, however
deep the snow may be, or however fear
fi the odds against them. Under our
Government we may have colonels, and
captains, and generals in time of peace;
but in the Church of God there is no
peace until the last great victory shall
nave been achieved. But I have to tell
you, it is a voluntary service. People
are not brought into it as slaves were
dragged from Africa.
"Learn also from this parable~ that
different qualificationsa are given to
different people. The teacher lifts a
blackboard, and he draws a diagram, in
order that by that diagram he may im
ress the mind of the pupil with the
ruth that he has been uttering. And
all the truths of this Bible are drawn
out in the natural world as in a great
diagram. Here is an acre of ground
that has ten talents.- Undera little cult
ure it yields twenty bushels of wheat to
the acre. Here is another piece of
ground that has only one talent. You
may plow it, and harrow it, and culture
it, year after year, but it yields a mere
pittance. So here is a man with ten
talents in the way of getting good and
doing good. He soon, under Christian
oubue yields penat harvests of faith
and good work. Here is another man
who seems to have only one talent, and
you may put upon him the greatest
spiritual culture, but he yields but little
of the fruits of righteousness. You are
to understand that there are different
qualifications for different individuals.
"I learn also from this parable that
the grace of God was intended to be ac
cumulative. When God plants an acorn,
he means an oak, and when He plants a
small amount of grace in the heart, He
intends it to be growthful and enlarge
until it overshadows the whole nature.
There are parents who, at the birth of
each child, lay aside a certain amount
of money, investing it, expecting by
accumulation and by compound interest,
that by the time the child shall come to
mind-life, this small amount of money
will be a fortune, showing how a small
amount of money will roll up into a vast
accumulation. Well, God sets aside a
certain amont of grace for each one of
his spiritual children at his birth, and
it is to go on, and, as by compound in
terest, accumulate until it shall become
an eternal fortune. Can it be possible
that you have been acquainted with the
Lord Jesus for ten, twenty, or thirty
years, and that you do not love Him
more now than you ever did before?
Can it be that you have been cultured in
the Lord's vineyard, and that Christ
finds on you nothing but sour grapes?
"Again, I learn from the text that in
feriority of gifts is no eicuse for indo
lence. This man, with the smaller
amount of money, came growling into
the presence of the owner of the estate,
as much as to ..y: 'If you had given
me $9,400 I would have brought $18,800 f
as well as this other man. You gave me I
only $1,880, and I hardly thought it was I
worth while to use it at all. So I hid it 1
in a napkin, and it produced no result. i
It's because you didn't give me enough.'
But inferiority of faculties is no excuse 1
for indolence. Let me say to the man I
who has the least qualifications, by the
grace of God he may be . made almost i
omnipotent. The merchant, whose car- E
goes come out from every island I
of the sea, and who, by one stroke of
the pen, can change the whole face of 3
American commerce, has not so much
power as you may have before God, in
earnest, faithful and continuous prayer.
"You say you have no faculty. Do s
you not understand that you might this I
afternoon go into your place of prayer .
and kneel before God and bring down <
upon your soul and the souls of others a i
blessing so vast that it would take eter- t
nal ages to compute it? 'Oh,' you say,
'I haven't fleetness of speech; I can't
talk well; I cant utter what I want to
say." My brother, can you not quote
one passage of Scripture? Then take
that one passage of Scripture; carry it
with you every where; quote it under
all proper circumstances. With that
one passage of Scripture you may har-.
vest a thousand souls for God. I am
glad that the chief work of the Church t
in this day is being done by the men of
one talent. Once in a while when a
great fortress is to be taken God will
bring out a great fieldpiece and rake all t
with the fiery hail of destruction.l
"But the common muskets do most of
the hard fighting. It took only one
Joshua, and the thousands of common
troops under him, to drive down the
walls of the cities, and, under wrathful
strokes, to make nations fily like sparks e
from the anvil. It only took one Luther
for Germany, one Zwinglius for Switz- t
erland, one John Knox for Schotland,
one Calvin for France, and one John
Wesley for England. Dorcas as certainly
has a mission to serve as Paul has a
mission to preach. The two minutes
ropped by the window into the poor
box will be as muoh applauded as the
edowment of a college, which gets a
man's name into the newspapers. The a
man who kindled the fire under the
burnt offering in the ancient temple had
a duty as imperative as that of the high
priests, in magnificent robes, walking
ito the Holy of Holies under the cloud I
f Jehovah's presence. Yes, the men
with one talent are to save the world, or t
it wilnever be saved at all. The men l1
with five or ten talents are tempted to I
oil chiefly for themselves, to build up
their own great name, and work for ~
their own aggrandizement, and do noth
ing for the alleviation of the world's ~
woes. The cedar of Lebanon standing
n the mountain seems to hand down
the storms out of the heavens to the C
earth, but it bears no fruit, while some a
:warf pear tree has more fruit on its v
branches than it can c irrv. Better to '
iave one talent and put it to full use
than five hundred wickedly neglected.
"My sui-ject teaches me that there is
going to come a day of solemn settle
ent. When the old farmer of the text
got home, he immediately called all the
servants about him and said: -Here is
the little account I1 have been keeping. t
[ want to see your account, and we will C
irst compare them, and I'll pay you i
what I owe you and you'l1 pay me what
you owe me. Let us have a settlement.'
'he day will come w'hen the Lord Jesus ~
hrist will appear and will say to you:
'What Lave you been doing with my
property ? What have you been doing
iwith my faculties? What have you been t
oing wi:h wist I gave you for accumu
lativepurposei? Thecrewillbe no escape
from ti at settbi*.
"Now, in the last great settlement
there will be a correct account presented.
Gd has kept a long line of broken
Sabbaths, a long line of profane words, ~
a long line of discarded sacraments, a
long line of misimproved privileges.
They will all be added up, and, before t
angels and devils and men the aggregate.a
will be announced. Oh, that will be
the great day of settlement. I have to
ask the question: 'Am I ready for it?'
It is of more importance to me to answer
that question in regard to you; and it is
of more importance for you to answer it
in regard to yourself than in regard toe
me. Every man for himself in that day.
Every woman for herself in that day.
'If thou be wise, thou shalt be wise for
thyself; if thou scorness, thou alonet
shalt bear it.
"I learn also from this parable of the
text that our degrees of happiness in
heaven will be graduated according to
our degrees of usefulness on earth.
Several of the commentators agree in
making this parable the same one as in
Luke, where one man was made ruler
over five cities and another made ruler
over two cities. Would it be fair and
right that the professed Christian man
who has lived very near the line between
the world and the Church-the man who
has oftean compromisedi his C!hristiani
character, the man who has never spoken
out for God; the man who has been
known as a Christian only on commu
nion days; the man whose great straggle
has been to see how much of the world
he could get and yet win heaven-is it
right to suppose that that man will have
as grand and glorious a seat in heaven
as the man who gave all his energies of
of body, mind and soul to the service of
God? The dying thief entered heaven,
but not with the same startling acclaim
as that which greeted Paul, who had
gone under scorchings, and across dun
geons and through maltreatmente into
the kingdom of glory. One star differs
from another in glory, and they who
toil mightily for Christ on earth shall
have a far greater reward than those
who rendered only half a service.
"Some of you are' hastening on to
ward the reward of the righteous. I
want to cheer you up at the thought
that there will be some kind of a reward
waiting for you. There are Christian
people in this house who are very near
heaven. This week some of you may
pass into the light of the unsetting sun.
( saw a blind man going along the road
with his staff, and he kept pounding the
earth and then stamping his foot. I
,aid to him: 'What do you do that for?'
Oh,' he said. 'I can tell by the sound of
tne ground when I am near a dwelling.'
A.nd some of you can tell by the sound.
f your earthiy pathway that you are
soming near your father's house. I con
gratulate you. Oh, weather-beaten voy
igers, the storms are driving you into
"Just as when you were looking for a
:riend, you came up to the gate of his
louse, and you were talking with the
servant, when your friend hoisted the
indow and shouted, 'Come in, come
n!' Just so, when you come to the
rate of the future world and you are
alking with Death, the black porter at
he gate, methinks Christ will hoist the
vindow and say: 'Come in, come in! I
vill make thee rnler over ten cities.' In
aticipation of that, and I do not wonder
hat Augustus Toplady, the author of
Rock of Ages,' declared in his last mo
aent: 'I have nothing more to pray for;
?od has given me everything. Snrely
to man can live on earth after the glories
have witnessed.' Oh, my brothers and
isters, how sweet it will ne, after the
ong wilderness march, to get home.
Chat was a bright moment for the tired
love in the time of the deluge when it
ound its way safely into the window of
HARRISON AND THE SOUTH.
.he White People of this Section Intend to
Control the Government.
If Mr. Harrison is governed by patriotic
pulses, and not by partisan and section
1 iders, he will set his face resolutely
gainst the men who threaten reconstruc
io of the South.
(Augusta, Ga., Chronicle.)
The people of Georgia anA the people of
be South must stand together in favor of
hite supremacy and good government.
n this rests our only hope for the develop
ent and civilization of the Southern
President Harrison can relieve the South
rn people of a burden of apprehensions
y announcing in his inaugural address
hat he will not pursue a policy calculated
> breed race troubles, and that be recog
izes that the race problem can be solved
sore readily by the Southern people them
elves, and without outside interference.
We bespeak for Southern men alive to
he interest of their section and its possi
'ilities a fair and manly reception of the
dministration to be inaugurated by Gen.
What the Republican policy towards the
outh will be is, of course, very uncertain.
t is possibic that it may be directed to
ard dividing the white vote rather than
award keeping the negro vote solid. The
itter policy, pursued for twenty-five years
.as deprived the party of all in power in
be South. The solid negro vote has been
source of weakness instead of* strength,
ecause it forced all white men into oppo
What course is left open to the Demo
atic party of the south? We must wait
id see. If it is shown that the policy at
hich we have hinted is to be pursued,
e n- cessity for strict organization with
be Democrats of the South becomes oft
aramount importance. If for no other
eason than that of self-protection, it is in'
ie highest degree important that they
bould stand together to a masa.
(Brunswick, Ga., Ne ws.)
The cotrntry has progressed too far from
e era of the civil war to tialerate the
pening of old wounds. la tspite of aIll
e efforts of demagogues the several see
ons of the country have been drawn c:loser
gether by business inmerests, anid it is not
t all likely that these interests will per
it the South to suffer.
(Jackson, Miss , clarion-T-edger.)
In matters not who is the President of
ae United States, a large majority of t he
cople down this way, white and black,
ave got to work just the same for their
(New Oreans Times-Democrat )
If the newly elected President goes wrong
be people will very soon put him straight
gain; if the Republican party attempts to
lay any fantastic tricks or disturb the
eace arid prosperity of the South and the
ountry at large, it will he relegated by
be people-its masters-to sudden and de
A Horrible Accident.
Mrs. Henry Gunter, who lives on Mr. J.
V. Reed's place in the Pen Branch see
[on, went from 1:er house last Saturday to
* some washing at a well some distance
i, leaving two children in the house.
ihe was not gone long before she heard
ie children screaming, and immediately
:oing to the house she found the clothes of
loth of them on fire. The fire was extin
:uished as soon as possible, but the little
nes were so badly burned that one of
hem died six hours after the accident, and
be other one is badly burned. There was
ut little tire in the chimney and it is not
nown how the accident occurred.
)ranghurg Times and Democrat.
The House of Bishops of the Protestant
piscopal Church has elected the Rev. J.
ills Kendrick, D. D., Missionary Bishop
or Arizona and New Mexico. The new
aissionary bishop was born in Ohio, arid
about 55 years old. The salary is
WHAT A CHILD DID.
An Anecdote Illustrating Mr. Lincoln's
Great Tenderness of Heart.
Will the world ever know. what
depths of tenderness there were in the
heart of Abraham Lincoln? An anec
dote, which has never been published,
brings out one more instance in which
his sympathies, awakened by a. little
child, nobly controlled his action. In
one of the first skirmishes of the civil
war, a young Union soldier was so se
verely wounded in the leg that the limb
had to be amputated. On leaving the
hospital, the young soldier, by the aid
of influential gentlemen, obtained a po
sition as Government weigher of hay
and grain. Not long after he had en
tered upon his duties, his superior offi
cer said to him:
"See here, Mr. M--, this hay
weighs so much on these scales; but to
the Government it weighs so much
"I do not understand, sir, that way
of doing business. I can enter but one
weight and that the correct one," an
swered the young weigher.
His superior walked away, muttering
threats. The young man from that day
suffered many petty persecutions for
his honesty, and it was not long before
he received notice that the government
had no further need of his services.
The summary dismissal made him so
down-hearted that when he told the
story to his family, he seemed a man
"Father," replied the eldest daugh
ter, a girl of thirteen, "cheer up! I am
going to see President Lincoln. I know
he will make it all right."
Her father and mother tried to turn
her purpose, saying that it would be
useless to see the President, as he
would not attend to such a petty matter
as the dismissal of a weigher of grain.
But her faith in the President's sense
of justice was so strong that she went
to the White House, and, after three
days of patient waiting in the ante
room, was admitted to Mr. Lincoln's
The hour for receiving visitors had
nearly expired, and as she entered the
room the President, throwing himself
on a lounge, said, wearily: "Well, my
little girl, what can I do for you?"
She told her artless story. Mr. Lin
coln listened attentively, and with a
smile asked: "But how, my dear, do I
know that your statement is true?"
"Mr. President," answered the girl,
with energy, "you must take my word
"I do," replied the President, rising
and taking her hand. "Come with me
to Mr, Stanton."
"Stanton," said Mr. Lincoln, as they
entered the office of the great War Sec
retary, -"I wish you to hear this child's
"I have no time," answeredthe over
"But you must," replied Mr. Lincoln.
"I have not a moment to spare to
day, Mr. President."
"Come again, my dear, to-morrow,
and Mr. Stanton will hear you then,"
said the President, leading her away.
The next day she was admitted at
once to the President, who took her
ver to Mr. Stanton's office. The See
etary listened to the child's simple
storyadwas so moved by it that he
indignantly exclaimed, before she had
inished: "The infernal rascal!" He
ent to his desk and wrote an order
for the immediate dismissal of thw dis
onest official, and for the appoint
ng the little girl's father to the vacant
Mr. Lincoln never forgot the child;
e told her story to several Congress
nen, and through their influence her
wo brothers were enrolled among the
ages of the House of Representatiies.
The African Elephant
In Petermann's Mitteilwngen Herr J.
fenges raises once more the question
f the possibility of utilizilng the Afri
an elephant. Herr Merages points out
hat.there is strong evid.ence that the
lephant was used in ancient times in
Africa, and asserts that, no serious at
empt has been made in -modern times
o subdue it to the uses of 'humanity. He
nntains that it is quite as docile as
he Indian elephant, and -much strong
ir; and that, if it could be really tamed
ad trained to work,. it would be of im
ense utility in the opening of Africa.
But, unless some protection is accorded
o the African elephant, Herr Menges
elieves that by the end of next century
t will be quite extinct.
An Excellent Rennedy. \~
They were returning fr om the thea
"I am tror.led with a slight sore
troat, Miss Clara," he :-,aid, "and I
hink it would be wise if I should but
ton my coat tightly around. my neck."
"I would, indeed, Mr. S:ampson," re
plied the girl with some concern. "At
this season of the year a scvre throat is
apt to develop into somet hing serious.
Are you doing any thing for it?"
"1Not so far," he replied.. "I hardly
cauw what to do."
"I have often heard pap:a say," shyly
uggested the girl, "that raw oysters
haye a very soothing and 'oeneficial ef
fect upon such a trouble." -N. Y. Sun.
A Heart-Breaking. Loss.
Bobley-Wonder what makes young
Perkins look so cast do'wn. One would
fancy he had lost his besat friend.
Wiggins-SO he has. His sweetheart
has jilted him.
Bobley-Well, it's roally a blessing in
disguise. He has esc aped a mother-in
aw, any way.
Wiggins-Oh, you don't understand;
he airl was an on ---udag.
HARRISON AND THE SOUTH.
GUESSES AT THE NEXT PRESIDENT'S
A Belief that he Will Recognize the Lib
eral and Progres ive Men in his Appoint
(Frpm the New York Times.)
INDLNAPOuLs, November' 22.-The
eager discussion by the Southern news
papers of what they call Gen. Harrison's
Southern policy is giving an undue rela
tive importance to that subject all over
the country. This importance is mag
nified here by the importunity with
which Gen. Harrison is assailed, by
letter and personal interview, to frame,
define and declare a line of conduct
which shall relieve the apprehensions
with which the Southern people look
forward to his administration of the
G ,vernment. His mail is burdened with
letter i of advice, appeal, deprecation
and protest, Mud his daily callers include
a Jargo Si uthern contingent, which
comes on tthe same errand-to implore
him not to disturb too violently the
bocial status ihusily established in the
South and coLii:ed under the last Ad
ministration; to reorganize the domin
ant classes is his appointments to office;
not to subj-ec tue Southern people
again to what they call negro and car
pet-bag rule, nor to encourage any form
of Federal interference in the local affairs
of Southern States. Under these cir
cumstances it is impossible that the
Southern question should not fill a
large space in local discussion of the
policy of the new Administration, how
ever reticent the President-elect and his
intimates may desire to remain upon it.
Those who undertake to speak for Gen.
Harrison deprecate the assumption that
he will have a Southern policy as distinct
from his national policy of administra
tion, declare that he will treat all sec
tions alike and apply the same general
principles of government to the South
as to the North. It is pretty well under
stood, however, that the President-elect
has been coerced by the importunity of
visitors and correspondents to give more
consideration to this subject than to any
other connected with his administration,
and that he has arrived at quite definite
conclusions as to his general course.
APFOINTKENTs L THE SOUTH
In the matter of appointments to office
in the South, Gen. Harrison will prob
ably look for guidance to the experience
of his Republican predecessors in office,
all of whom had to deal with the same
problem of finding fit representatives of
the Federal power and dignity and com
petent executors of the Federal law
law outside of the ranks of the most in
telligent, richest, most influential, and
socially dominant classes. Gen. Harrison
will not imitate Gen. Grant by seducing
prominent Ex-Confederates from their
Democratic fealty by appointments to
office; nor Hayes by attempting to raise
the ghost of the old Whig party. The ele
ment he will seek to recognize and fos
ter in the South is that made up of the
younger, more progressive, liberal,
enterprising men of both parties, who
have risen to prominence since the war
and free from the narrow prejudices and
radcal bitterness it engenaered; who
are identified with the material growth
of the country and interested in its in
dustrial developmein t. So faras the party
question is concerned, it is believed to
be Gen. Harrison's judgment that
President Arthur dealt with the problem
of appointments to office ,in the South
more sagaciously and successful y than
any other BepublicanPresidenlt. Arthur,
in his theory at least, made fitness the
first and Rapablicaninmn the second
ualifiation to office in the South. He
appointed good Republicsns wherever
he could find them, and good lemo
crats where he couldn't. The conditions
of the problem now existing make it a
great deal simpler for Gen. Harnison
than it was for Mr. Arthur. . The Demo
crats are now in office, and the ci
service law, which itis believed he means
faithfully to obey in letter and spirit, is
in full force. When Arthur had to fly
in the face of party tradition by appoint
ing Democrats to office in places where
suitable Republicans could not be found,
Harrison will only have to obey a law
placed uponi the statute books by his
own party by leaving Democrats in
NO nBVIVAn OF NEGRO RULE.
It is thought that the policy of the
President-elect will be about as indi
cated above; that he will make his Ad
ministration in the South as thoroughly
Republican as is consistent with efficien
yand obedience to law, but that he
ilneither be precijis~ate nor violently
partisan in his appoimtments; that there
will be few removals, except for cause,
and that when vacancies occur they wiAl
be filled with Republicans, where fit and
competent Republicans can be found,
but otherwise by reappomitmenlts, Tbe
personal -character of the men upon
whom Gen. Harrison will most rely to
represent and sustain his Administration
in theSouth hasbeen hinted at. There
will be no revival of negro or carpet-bag
rule. It is believed that few negroes
will be appointed to local office;
that the test of fitness and accept
ability will be applied as rigidly to one
race as to the other~. Few of the political
carpet-baggers of toe old school are left
in the South. The emigrants who have
followed them-the cspitalists, mant
facturers, minere, business men, who
have identilied thems~elves with the
ounty, its progrees and prosperity
stand in the mnost direct hiue of favo r
and recognition from the new Admiina~
tration. ?hey aind tihose of the younger
class of native Sonttherners who have
caught their spirit and share their sen
timents and aspirations, the men of the
new South as a whole, native and im
ported, will be the hope and reliance
of Gen. Harrison's Administration.
rEGIaATION TOUCHING THE SOUTH.
There is less definiteness in the local
forecast of Gen. Harrison's policy in re
lation to Republican legislation affecting
he South, but it is not believed that it
will be violent or aggressive. His
speeches upon this subject have beera
carefully scanned without finding in
their udiious generalizations any war
rant for the expectation that he will
favor or urge upon Congress what is
called a vigorous Southern palicy. He
is known to feel strongly upon the in
equality of actual representation in the
Electoral College and House of Repre
sentatives growing out of the suppres
sion of suffrage in the South, and upon
the practical nullification of the Federal
laws for the collection of revenue in
many Southern communities; but heois
understood to believe that the perma-.
nent and effective remedy for those eyils
lies in the gradual growth of a more
wholesome popular sentiment, inspiring
a greater respect for public law and
private rights, rather than inthe attempt
to enforce distasteful Federal laws in the
face of hostile Courts, juries and ublic
opinion. It is known that Gen. -arri
son will rely very hopefully upon the
development of the industrial spirit in
the South to foster and diffuse this more
wholesome public sentiment; that he -
has faith in the power of the increased
mental energy and greater personal in
dependence that characterize industrial,
society to put an end to the evils grow
ing out of the subjection of an ignorant
majority to the arrogant minority in a
primitively organized agricultural com
munity. Accordingly, it is believed that
the industrial development of the South
will receive all possible encouragement
and aid from his Administration, both
in executive acts and through his infl-.
ence upon legislation.
THE PRESIDEN I'S MESSAGE. -
t vigorous Document. Expected--Tarift
Reform ideas to be Reiterated.
(Special to the Baltimore Sun.) "
WAsnnseuol, November. 23.--Speeu
lations that Mr. Cleveland willinhias last
annual message to Congress reiterate his
tariff reform ideas, are quite safe. Mr.
Cleveland is not the man to abandon
any principle which he believes to be
just and well founded because of tem
porary obstacles. It eon be assumed
confidently, therefore, that he wi- -take:
back nothing he said in, his messageof
December last. But unlike that ..aper,
she forthcoming message. will treat 'of
several other important topics in' 'addi=
tion. It will be his aim to transnitflbf
Congress as the last of his annual com
munications the best document that has
ever emanated from his pen. -Those who
have watched his career and have 1o1-.
1owed the tenor of his state papersknosw
that one of his peculiarities is ever ..to,
depart from the beaten track andJ
throw out suggestions that will set
others to talking and thinking. This'
has been the case with the large ma
jority of his communications to Oon
gress, even those on comparatively n
consequential matters. What he .hass
said and done during his whole ternm
has been the cause of more eaomnentin
the public press and on the fooriof
Congress than the utterances of any
man who has sat in the White ,House
during this generation, It is the.belie:
that in his message, after giving' wha$
ever prominence no may conside due
to the subject of tariff reform, he' will,
among other things, outline some bold
and comprehensive ideas in reference to
our foreign affairs, and the extension of
our commercial and in some degree our
political influence over the whole Ameri
ican continent, North and South. The
message will be no -note of .the dying
man, but the ringing declarations 'of a
self-reliant, undismayed, broad-minded
man, with the utmost confidenosinhi
self and in the future of his:country -
The President, now that: he .has ha
time to calmly survey the political field.
feels every reason to be encouraged, .n4
to anticipate that his retiremen t from
the White House will not esanl
mean retirement from interest' or par
ticipation in public affairs.' Hebas not
attempted in the least to conceal' bis
great disappointment at the reen*.ioi
the election, for it is quite true- that he
felt not only certain of New York and
Indana, but had the strongest thopied of
other latates in the Nortawest. Since
the election ho has had asuacsfrors
active and leading Demoerata- of :the
Northwest that the recent election-r.r
turns furnish no reason for despair,.bat
that there is every evidence to'i colvm'e
one of the tendency to growth of-Demo
c~atic principles and of the prospect :of
Democratic ascendaueyin the not remote
future in a considerable portion of thai
section. Itis jnst aswell tosay on that
point that many leading Democrats. af
the East did not in the last. campaignl
share the enthusiam of their Western
brothers as to party prospects in that
section, and their enthusamn has not
been stimulated since. However, as to
this the future can only determine. -But
now the President, not cast dowvn by
his disappointment but ready to pick his
flint andtry it again, is for the present
actuated only by the ambition to -go out
of office with the verdict of his country
men that he has given them an honest,
upright, prudent administration of pub
li affairs. His purpose is to hand over
to his successor the great trust which he
has held for four years without stain,
and with no harassing or embarrassing
legacies of his creation. With reference
to his message, it may also be added, as
a possibility, that he may make some
allusions of importance with reference
A Possible Rival to Ingalls.)
Is the courtly and stately Thomas F.
Bayard politicaaly dead and done for?
Verily, so it would appear. And who is
thea picturesque individual we observe
dancing a cancan, as it were on the re
mainb? Who but 'Tony Higgins, a Re
puiblican from way back, perhaps the
riginal Republican of Delaware, as j>>by
a good fellow as ever lived, the joy of the
cmpay, a close second to Dr. Depew
himself at Yale dinners, one of the sort
that makes the ball so tine and the assem
y shine. And now tuey say he may
pine in the United States Senate. We
boe so. The Senate lacks briakzess.
Even Ingalls has lost the art of sparhlimg
in the dull depths of the Vice Presiden'a
chair. Let us have Tony and augmnzt
the ayety of nations.-New York Even
A Chicago chemist has analyzed cigar
ettes of various brands, and linds that they
were generally made of tobacco "imper
fectly fermented," which means that an
unusually. large amount of nicotine was
present in them, and that they were im
pregnated with dirt in varying proportions.
The citizens of Rhode Island have adopted
an amendment to their State constitution
abolishing the property qualification for