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NOTES OF THE SESSR.
A GLANCE IN0 seUTMi CAROLINA'
Some 1mportant and Many Unimportant
Measur-s Considered--s Great Deal
Work with hather Little .pech Mak
COLUMBIA, S. C., December 22.-The
Session of 1888 is about over. By th.
time this paper is read the members will
all have gone home-in time to eI jo.
their Christmas dinner. Both house-'
adopted a resdltion to adjourn sine die
on Monday next. Below will be fount
a synopsis of the proceedings since the
PIFTY THOUSAND DOLLABS FOR PENSIONS.
The Pope bill to establish a home fi..
disabled Confederate s ,ldiers. (bearn
an unfavorable report,) the bill to repeai
the State Pension Act of last year (wit.
a favorable report) and the military com
mittee's subetitute bill to appropriate
annually $50,000 to pensions for the
most needy and deserving applicant
came up together for consideration 4l
There was a long and earnest debate.
tor Murray moved to table tat
'-oldiers' home bill with a view to taking
it up the committee's bill.
Yeas-Alexander, Byrd, Buist, Don
a'dsen, Edwards, Erwin, Feld, Herp
hill, Howell, Izlar, Mason, McMaster,
McCall, Moise, Moody, Moore, Munro,
Murray, Ready, Sinkler, Smith, o0
Borry, Smitb, of Spartanburg, Verdier,
Nays-Dozier, Ferguson, Patterson,
Pop and Sojourner-o.
So the motion prevailed.
The committee's bill then came up.
Senator Pope's motion to table it was
Senate Pope then moved to strike out
the provisions for county boards of vet
erans to pass upon claims.
Agreed to on a division by 16 to 7.
The bill then passed without a division.
Senator Murray next moved to con
tinue the soldiers' home bill until the
next session so as to let it be on hand
when the public had observed the work
ing of the committee's bill. Lost 14 to
The bill was then indefinitely post
poned and the fight was over.
TEE ORthUiL COSTS.
The next special order was the substi
tute bill to provide for the payment by
Sheetate of the expenses of all criminao
prosecutors. After debate Senator Mun
ro ,,npved to continue it to the next
session. Lost, yeas 7, nays 20.
An amendment offered by Senator
Pope was adopted making it go into
effectNovember1, 1890. Senator Murray
moved to indefinitely postpone it. Lost,
10,to 18. The bill then passed.
CUTTInG DOWN SALARIES.
The last special order was Senat->r
Field's bit! to cut down the salaries of
State offi.&rs and clerks. Contrary to
expecttions, there was no debate on
this bal. On Senator Howell's motion
it was immediately killed by the follow
Yeas-Seiiators Byrd, Buist, Dozier,
Erwin, Henmphill, Howell, Izlar, McMa s
ter, McCadl, Moise, Moore, Muuro,
Murray, Pope, Sikle. Smith, of Horry,
Verdier and Wuoaward.-1S.
Nays-Seuatars Alexander, Edwards,
Zergnsq's, Field, Mettre, Moore, Patter
so eay :.nd Wunls-9.
AZ a late hour ISenators Lonraldson,
and Mason rose so a quetion of privi
lege anTanjounced- that if they ha"
breeni present a' tLse time of vote,, they
woulu have v.A tl for tue bill.
. LIQUOR BILS.
Two billsrelating to the sale of ignox
in the town of Gu~t s er wer: considere.
by the 5Semi--, eacO havmng be-en pre
y~ared by regrs t~it of tue tw
iactans into which We i tople of Cbees
aypear to 'o dodned on toe h~q wr gu s
-Thefiret on the calendar aas one tr.
enforice tilt present proaibit'ry las
Chester ogprolxiiawsrugg: t-3e.. Trem
sosmg iqe.or, even under prencrxyt'oni
to any one wlhals .ever, and eveni frun.
gmvlg it away. Heavy penalties were
provied for violanoix o< toe but.
The second was One t> r-pe~al the
present prohibitory law of 1882, and pro
pacnfOedocal optian.elkouuns and toe
gransmz~g of lienzses, m case they are
anthM -sa anne jiigh tigure Lf $50
Se~t~fr Darlingt m moved
to substitute thes prohibit ,ry bill for the
becense bill. This motion was tabled by
a voteof 2to1, and the high license
bill pased without debate, the prohzbi
tion bill being killed.e
THE 'ATE TAX.
Thebil to levy taxes for the payment
of the general-exp~enses ol the State and
county governmente excited much die
Mr. Haskell first made a statement in
behalf or the committee of the financial
*aspect of the situation. The Legislature,
he-said, would have to provide for about
$910,000 to meet this. The committee
calcalated upon $175,000 phosphats roy
alty, which left ST36,000 to be provided
by taation. Their calculation was cased1
upon an assesned value of $145,000,000,
and they estimated that a - mill wouid
yield abiout $137,000, mak-ing allowances
zor delmnquent taxes &c. 1'lus a tax ot
5t mills would yield about $620,000. Add
$175,000 of phosphate royalty and the
fund would reach $b94,0003, about $16,
000 short of the needs of the State.
The committee thought the State
could squeese through on a levy
of 5* mills, but the House must remem
ber that the 8tate was. now drawing
against an empty treasury, and the mem
bers muss decide whether it would be
the betterpohicy to just squeeze through,
or endeavor to accumulate a fund that
could be held in reserve for future con
tingencies which were liable to arise at
Mr. Waller, of Abbeville, moved to
amend by making the levy 5 mills instead
of 6 mills, and fired off avolley of figures
compiled from the comptroller general's
report to show that 5 mills would be
- enough. The figures were as follows:
Appropriations, $b75,000:aesessed value,
$14A),000,000; a 5 mi tax would yield
$700,000; the phosphate royalty is placed
at $190,000; total revenue, $890,000. Mr.
Walter Calculated that a 5 mill levy
would leave a surplus in the treasury oi
Mr. Wilson, of Sumter, advocated a
5t mill levy, and heitoo tired off figures
to prove is. He advocated the gradlual
accumulation of a reserve fund mn the
After some further discussion Mr.
Wanter and his friends acceptedi 5i muiis
as a compromise. Mr. Haskelb, however,
asked a vote to test the sense of a tae
House on a levy of 5i mell. Only live
or six members voto ae hiL rm. He then
asked a vote on Si mills with little
better saccess. Theligouse then aaopted,
by an overwhelming vote, the amend
ment 0n,& tle ia r the bill wi there
upon ordered to be engrossed for the
The House judiciary committee
reported a bill whic: is intended as a
substitute for all township railroad bills.
it is es f' lolws:
"Wiereas o.rtain townships in this
State have by their vote expressed their
wilngness to subject themselves to tax
ttion for the purpose of paying bones
issued by them in aid of certain railroads;
md, whereas, by by reason of a detect
a the A ts autnorizing the i-sue of said
,oubIs they have been declared invalid:
"Now, tnere:':re, for the purp-sJ of
carry ng into tcff-ct the expre ssea will of
toe people of said townships, be it en-i
".ection 1. That the township bonds
-ieretofore issued by county coawmasion
ea, as the corporate agents of any town
saip iu the State, in aid of any railroad,
ty vote of the inhabitants of saiu town
ship, are hereby ccciared to be deb:s of
.aid townships respectively, having au
thorized the issue of the same, and the
intertest and the principal thereof shall
Oe paid according to the terms of the
said bonds or tax, by the assessment,
levying and collection of an annual tax
upon the available property in said
ownPiips, as may be net sstry, in like
sianner and by the same county officials
as the taxlevied for county bonds in aid
of railroads is aesessed, levied and col
iecte_; said t ax to be known and styled
in the tax books as the township railroad
tax, and when collected shall be paid
over by the treasurer of the county. to
to the'holders of said bonds as the,
interest thereon may become due and
according to tie terms thereof."
The House had a very lengehy debate
on the bill reported by the committee
relative to township bonds issued in aid
Mr Brawlay moved to amend by
siking out all alter the title o- the bill
and inserting the felio iug as section 1:
Section 1. That the township bonds
heretofore issued by county commission
ers as the corporate agents of any town
ships, are hereby declared to be debts
of said townships respectively having
authorized the issue of the same: And
the interest and principal thereof shall
be paid according to the t:rms of the
said bonds, or tax, by the assessment,
levying and collection of an annual tax
upon the taxable property in said town
snip as may be necessary, in like manner
and by the same county officials as the
tax levied for county bonds in aid of
railroads is aisesed, levied and collect
There ws a long and spirited debate.
Finaby the bili passed with an amend
ment to the effect that no township
hould be liable on its bonds unlers .he
road subscribed to should be ao
taaly built through the township.
THE CLEMSON COLLEGE.
When the Clemson Agricultural Col
lege bill cane before the Senate it was
debated for three hours and passed,
seventeen Senators voting for and lif teen
fie bill came up at fifteen minutes
siter ten o'clock as a special order. The
debate was opened by Senator Ed wards,
ot Darlington, :n a long and forcible
argument in support of aericulural ed
acation in general aig of t' .e acceptance
of the Clemson b, qtest in particular.
Mr. Sojourner, ct Baruwell, followed
in a speech in wnich he declared himset
-e a farmer in favor of agricaiiural edu
cation, but opposed to tie establih.ment
of the Clmon Co-llge, on the grund
ct its locauon a't oae ..d of the State
and becunt-e .be properi) was. to b aised
as an enecowmnent andf not ior buildmng
an agricu'turai coilege.
Mr. Murray, of Anderson, headed the
oppot-tiun to the bill in a brilutis
-geech, in which he enlarged onu thr
Cl.-naton Colle e movemnt is a covert
.tne!1 on t he douth Carolina Colleg-.
He w-... ..u the 1-gality a-f Mr. Clern
,o'... 'inl, an.1 calLfd on the Senate not
Po:low the lower Be'use and put tne
-tate :n the undiguitk po- itiou of: cou
t. -4tg with the gr.-> t granddu'en HeI
C-u oni. for t're posseealon of hnib'arl
Cae. McMadter, of Rlichiand, 3poke
or; fly agau-st the pending m.::s-ire and
mamnatsarien urs! edu.-ationi, which he
oleved to be a humbag, and moved to
pot-tpe-nt the b-Il.
Tnis motion was with'rawn to allow
he debate to conti .ue and Mr. Pope, of
N.wberry, took tao fi .or to adv. cate
tie bid, which he did in ais eloquer~t
pecfulof argument and replies to
dedisc-ussedthelegal diffl -altiea alleged
to b6 in the way and described themn as
'-bgbears" by which no one would be
Mr. Buist, of Charleston, advocated
the postponement of further considera
ton? of the bill to the next session, point
ig out that immediate action was not
imperative and declaring that the only
way to secure a prompt hearing of the
will contest in the Unmted States Su
preme Court would be for the State to'
hold oft, when the interest of the Stase
in the deciion~ would cause the case to
oe advanced on the docket. He declated
his willingness to vote a hundred thou
sand dollars a year if necessary to run a
grand Agricultural College, provided the
State should have its absolute control.
Mr. Donaldson, of Greenville, called
on the friends of the bill not to be led
.way from the true issue by the plea for
delay. He demanded that tbe repro.
sentatives of the people should come
:quarely out and say whether or not the
cry for an Agricultural College should
e heeded. He made a strong plea for
education for the farmers' sons and
urged that the State accept now the
grand gift of Mr. Clemson xor. that pur
Mr. Patterson, of Chester, opposed
the bill as failing to meet the demand
for an Agricultural College for the State.
Mr. Hemphill, of Ateville, arraigned
the opponents of the bill for voting
money to the Winthrop Training School
over which the State had no control and
refusing Mr. Clemson's because the
State's control was not absolute.
Mr. Sikier, of Berkelev, stated his
position as being in favor of postpone
ment though he was not opposed to the
Tne debate then closed and the roll
was called on the motion to postpone
the bill to the next session.
The following Senators voted "aye":
Byrd, Baist. Dozier, Erwin, Howell.
zar, McMaster, Moore, Marray, Pat
terson, binkler, Jeremiah Smith,
Smythe, S journer, Verdier, Wood
Tne f llowing Senators voted "nay":
Alexander, Bell, Donaldson, Edwards,
Ferguson, Field, Hemphill, Mmsn, Mi
Cal, Meetze, Mosse, Mauro. Pope,
Ready, R. M. Smith, Wison-sxteen.
The result was a tie. Lieutenant
Governor Mauldin, occupying the chair,
voted "nay," and the senate refused to
postpone the bill.
Tue ayes and nays were then called
on the motion to pass the bill to a third
readng. The only change in the vote
was by Mr. Sinkler, who had voted for
postponement, but on the direct q'ies-I
result seventeen ayes and fifteen nays.
Senator Moody, who would have voted
for the bill, was paired with Senator
When the Senate met the next morn
ing and the Senate Clemson College bill
came up for its final reading, and the
House bill to the same effect being sub
stituted, Senator Murray moved to ad
jou.rn the debate until 11.30 a. m. The
Yeas-Byrd, Buist, Dozier, Erwin,
H dwell, Iztar, Moore, Murray, Patter
son., Sinkler, Smith, of Horry, Verdier
Nays-Donaldson, Edwards, Fergu
son, Field, Hemphill, Mason, McCall,
Metz, Moise, Munro, Pope, Ready,
Senators Smythe, Sojourner and
Rhame, who would have voted in affirm
t ve, were paired with Senators Smith,
of Spartanburg, Bell and Moody.
The Chair (Lieutenant Governor
Mauldin) voted "no," so that the motion
Senator Buit offered an amendment
providing that the bequest be not accept
ed by the State until the injunction
granted be dissolved. Senator Pope
moved to table. The vote and the pairs
were the same. The tie was broken by the
Chair, who voted "no" thus definitely
committing the Lieutenant Governor
t'- the support of the bill. Then Senator
Mutrray moved to continue the bill to
the next session.
Yeas-Byrd, Dozier, Erwin, Howell,
Izlar, Moore, Murray, Patterson, Sink
ler, Smith, of Horry, Verdier and Wood
Nays-Donaldson, Edwards, Fergu
on, Field, Mason. McCall, Meetze,
Moise, Munro, Pope, Ready and Wilson
Senators, Buist, Rhame, Smythe,
Sojourner, and MoMaster, who would
have voted for the motion, were paired
with Senators Hemphill, Moody, Smith,
of Spartanburg and Bell, who would
have voted against it. Senators Mc
Master and Sojourner were both paired
with Senator Bell. Messrs. McMaster
and Sojourner were both present. The
point is two votes in favor of the motion
to continue were swapped for one against
it. If Mr. Bell's pair had been only one
Senator, the bill would have been con
tinued-until the next seasion. As it was
a tie, the Chair voted "no," and the
motion was defeated.
Senator Murray next moved to recom
mit the bill. On this vote Senators
Rhame, Smythe and Sojourner were
paired with Senators Alexander, Smita
of Spartainburg and Bell. The vote
stood 14 to 14. The Chair voted "no,"
and the motion was lost. Then, by the
same vote, the bill passed its second
reading, and the Senate bill to the same
tifect was given its final reading and
sent to the House.
When the Florence County bill was
taken up. the walk of the House were
decorated with m os of the nt w county,
the desks of dour t'ul members loaded
with pamphlets, statistics and appeals,
and the floor crowded with lobbyists.
Tue fight was opened by Mr. Nettles of
Darlington, who opposed the bill in an
elab'rate argument. He was followed
by Mr. R. G. Evans of Darlington, who
ravored the new county. Speeches were
made by Mes-rs. Cannon of Darlington,
M1oses of Sumter, Grayd'-a of Abbeville,
in opp:)sition, and Messrs. P.-urifoy of
Eietield, J. G. Evans of Aiken, and
O'Brien of Colleton, in favor of the bill.
Finally Mr. Kelly, in behalf of the
WillIVmburg delegation, made the an
noune4Cent that Williamsburg county
no ot iger opposed the bill, which was
nbs.-o&ndy passed by a votn of 83
THE P]~IMAuY ELRCrION BILn,
hich pswed the Seuete, was substituted
for Mr. M:Grady's House bill. It went
'brogh without opposition. The peo -
uty for wilful violation of dattes by
manager: et primary elections is fixed at
Slob or six monthus' imprisonment, and
or fraua o'd corruption at $500 or
twelve wouths. Tue managere and
, aes are to be sworn e.nd1 'aie 1:able
to indictment for p. jar. if ti'sy sw ar
THE RAILROAD BInn.
The ba2l to amend ran act entitled "An
t to amend an act ent .tled .n act to
pgvde a general railroad law for the
manag m-t and regulation of railroa'ds
in the State, and for tbc appointmen~t .f1
a railroad commissioner, and to providef
for his powers and duties," approved1
F< bo'ary 9, 1882, said act being incorpo
ru-ted with and known as Chat.tec Ii,I
General Statates, 1882,.and therein en-i
titled of "Ra~droad corporations, general
Mr. Haskell opened the debate by
moving to strike out the enactung words
He said bie thought the bill would bring
bjury not ornly to the railroads, but-to
the people of the State. He reviewed
the histlry of the railroad law, showaig
ozw powers were given the commission
before, bbt on p. tition of 10,00)0 citizens
the law was r, pesled; but in twelve
months the Richmond and Danville road
bad losses of $150,000 on account of mis
nanagenent by the commissiofl. There
was no jaetce in putting millions of
property into the ha.-de of men noto
riously unfit. He would he willung to
vote to amend the law,-but would not
vote for a bill to give the whole manage
me t of the roads into the hands of a
Mr. Mose-s said he thought it time to
give the people a chance. The railroads
have been robbing and swindling the
people long enough, and it was time for
Mr. Peurifoy made a characteristic
argument in favor of the bill. The peo
ple in his section had been swindled by
the railroads, and were tired of it. The~
bill was a good one. If the cominission
has no power we had better abolish it.
Mr. Rtaysor opposed the bill. He
said the constant tendency to legislate
on private matters kept capital away
from the Stite.
Mr. Buchanan madesa strong and ear
iastic argumeut in favor of the bill. He
said the railroads were trying to take
rights from the State in the name of the
people. The railroads didn't want time,
s claimed, but wanted eternity. The
uestion had been discussed in two
tuirds of the counties during the cam
paign, and the people wanted the bill.
Mr. vrayaion opposed the nuil not on
secunt of any friendship for tae roads,
bt for the people of the State.
Mr. Raysor moved to reconsider the
7ote by which the Luse refused t> con
:nue the bill to -ne next session, but
Le motion was lost on a divided House.
M. Haskell here withidrew isa motion
ao strike out the enacting words, aul
iff-red the following amendment to
"Provided, said commissien shall fix
o votes violating Section 1443 of the
The amendment was adopted
Mr. Haskell moved to e* I to Section
: "Provided, if any rule om schedule
lireeted by said commission, shall in
my respect be a violaton of the law, no
-aairoaux company shall be held liable for
This was adopted.
Mr. Liake11 also moved to amend by
adding after Section 6: "Provided,
farther, that until the election herein
prescribed shall be held, the present
commission shall continue in office";
adopted. He further movcd to amend
by adding the following: "Provided
further that the salaries of said commis
sion bE- paid from the state treasury like
other S'ate < fliers."
Mr. John Gary Evans moved to lay
the amendment on table. The yeas and
-ays were demanded, resulting yeas 52,
nays 34, so the smendment was tabled.
Mr. King moved to amend by making
the term of commissioners four years
instead of six.
Mr. Raysor moved to table, which
motion was carried.
The opponents of the bill, it seemed,
if they could not defeat it, determined to
amend it to death, if possible, and Mr.
Gr.y don followed with another amend
ment making the term two years.
Mr. Guees moved to lay the amend
ment on the table, which motion was
carried with the usual large majority
which supported the bill. The bill then
went to a third reading, and Mr. Moses
clinched the matter by moving to recon
eider and lay on the table, which was
rIr.,NGS ON OAI-NDAB.
The House bill reducing the salaries
of Circuit Judges from $3,500 to $3,000
was killed by the following vote:
Yeas-Buist, Byrd, Dozier, Howell,
Izlar, McMaster, McCall, Moise, Moore,
Munro, Murray, - Rhame, Sinkler,
Smythe, Verdier and Woodward-16.
Nays-Donaldson, Edwards, Erwin,
Ferguson, Field, Hemphill, Mason,
Meetze, Moody, Patterson, Pope,
Ready, Smith of Horry,, Sojourner and
The killing was effected by reason of
the absence of Senators Alexander and
Smith, of Spartanburg, who were expec
ted to vote against it.
The House bill to amend Section 2,
037 of the Revised Statutes relating the
power of married women to make con
tracts was pilled after considerable
Senator Field's bili to reduce the per
diem and mileage of members of the
Legislature was killed after debate by a
vote of 24 to 6.
In the House the salary reduction bill
was continued until the next session.
The Cook's Creek, Berkeley County,
bill was passed.
Mr. Barkeley's $1 per diem and five
cents a mileage bill was indefinitely
Mr. Trantham's bill to give to counties
which have aided in the construction of
railroads all funds collected by taxation
for State purposes was, - on motion of
Mr. Trantham, continued till next s.s
The bill to repeal the seed cotton traf
fic law, passed at lest session, was passed
to a third reading. It withdraws. Berke
ley and Aiken counties from the provis
ions of the Act
The following were among the bills
which passed a second readizng:
Bill to require county auditors to file
with the comptroller general certified
copits of the returns of banks, &c.
Bill to exempt school teachers from
road duty only while engaged in teach
The bill to require the agricultural bu
reau to pay over all its receipts to the
State treasury patsed, with an amend
ment pr:.viiding that it shall not go in
effect until twelve month hence. It
wdi probably be killed in thte S-nat;.
Tim bill to require toe Gircut Judges
to arranga thi roster of the Circuit
Cent's, ansd to fix the timo for holding
the same in the differe;.t counties of the
State every five yeare, was killed.
The bJl to repeal the agacultural lien
law was continued until the ne-xt session.
The foowing passed their seccnd
T'o amend Section 1,457 of the, Gene
-ai Statutes, relaring to the duties of
Authorizing the county commission
ers of Gireenville, Piesens, Berkely.
Kera-s w, Anderson, Geoirge town, Yorkc
and Simier cc ...:ies to burroR inouey
t.o uay ordiniary coauty expensie, jL-:rb
and wituess certificato' anu teac'iers'
claims anid past due ciaims against coun
To incorporate the Sumter Instittnte.
To pay the widow of Secretary~ of
Stats Leitner $1,407.
To amend an Act limiting the number
of justicea in certain countree, &c., witn
Senate amendment, excepting the fol
lowing conties from the pro'visions
tereof: Newberry, Laurens, Oconee,
Richand, Charleston, Lexington, Lan
caster, Barnwell, Colletou and Anider
To ataend subdividion 4, Section 919,
of the General Statutes, relating to phy
scians, and to repeal subdivision .6 of
To amend the law with reference to
unexoended school funds remaining on
hand'at the end of any fiscal year.
To provide for the establishment of
separate school districts in the several
cities, incorporated towns and villages of
the State, to authotize the levy and col
cion of spocial taxes therein, and to
authorize the levy and collectioni ot spec
tal taxes in the several school districts
now formed or hereafter to be formed
outside of cities, incorporated towns
To incorporate the Industrial Build
ing and Loan Association of Charleston.
To prohibit the sale of spirituous or
intoxicating lhquors by apothecaries,
druggists or any other persons in the
town of Yorkville.
This di-posed of all the Senate bills
on the Calendar up for a second read
A message was received from the Gov
ernor transmitting a letter from Gover
nor Seales, of North Carolina, in rela
tion to the boundary line between North
and South Carolina.
A Great Invention.
The Palmetto Hoe is the greatest in
vention of the age, in the way of a Hoe
for field and garden use, having an ad
vantage over all other hoes now in use,
in th it it has four cutting edges and is
so constructed that the handle can be
anged so that each edge can be util
ized. By reversing the hoe it becomes
perpendicular with the plant, and
thereby prevents any injury to the plant
in taking away grass directly from the
rot of the plant. Besides these ad
vantges the blade can be replaced when
worn out, at one-third of the original
cust of the hoe. The Palmetto Hoe can
be bought at the same cost as the goose
ek, or any other steel hoe now in use.
Sold by all hardware dealers, or caua be
>rdered from SHEB~s r KLEM, Manu
fac~urers, Philadelphia, Pa.
'iss Travis-I have a passionate love for
the occult and mysterious. Poseboy-!)
beu, you ought to come down to our
boarin-huse some morning whe-n we
At the present time one-fourth of a:ll the
population of the Uuited States is gathered
n to os of cient :housaod people and up~
a, at prmonprionnis increasing.
THE EXECUTOR ENJOINED.
Judge Simonton Prohibits the Transfer of
Fort Hill, Pending the Litigation.
(Columbia Daily Recorn, December 19.)
The motion to enjoin the executor of the
will of Thos. G. Clemson from disposing
of the Fort Hill plantation pending the suit
brought on behalf of Isabella Lee was heard
by .Judge Simonton in Charleston Monday.
The cise was most elaborately argued ihyCoi.
Leroy F. Youmans and James P. Care',
E-q , for the plaintiff. art' by .tsars
Wells and Orr, of Greeovitle, for Richard
W. Simpson the defendant. On yesterby
.1 udge Simonton flied his d-cision. A fier
a careful review of the law of the ca'e, the
"This cause came to be heard on motion
for a restraining injunction upo: the bili,
answer, affidavits and exhiis. After
hearing the samhe and report thereon. nol
upon due consideration thereof. it ii or
dered adjudged and decreed that a writ
of injiudc:ion do- issue to the defenutar,
Richard W. Simpson, enj ining and re
straining him from executing ind deliver
ing any deed: or.deeds of conveyance, or
parting with the possessio: of the Fot
Hill plantation as described in the pleadings
in this case to any person or persons, or to
or for any uses, intents and purposes what
soever, especially to the State of both
Carolina. or to any person or persons
whomsoever on behalf of the said S:we
This order and writ to remain in toree un
til the further order of this C.mrt.
Judge Hudson's Address.
The exercises in the University Chapel
last night were opened by President R. E.
Lucas. of the Eupbiradian Society, who
delivered the welco:ue address, and intro
duced Judge Hudson.
Judge Hudson, in his address, first re
ferred to the pleasant days he had spent
within the walls of the old South Carolina
College, which he had found-and he
thought every one else who spent his time
wel there would find-to be the happiest
of his life. He regretted that neither time
nor opportunity had allowed him to renew
his connection with the institution he
loved, and he embraced this chance unhesi
tatingly in order, for once at least, to bring
himself into closer communion with it.
He then gave "some reflections on the
vast importance to the family, State and
country ;.f the higher and liberal education
of the young men " He first referred to
the extreme utilitarian ideas of the present
age and of the tendency for practical
thoughts to supplant in the minds of the
people thoughts of the beau:iful, true and
lovely. Be believed it was a step in the
backward direction to convert our schools
for literary training into industrial schools.
Physical must be subordinated to mental
He did not mean to disparage the mechan
ical and agricultural departments of this
or auv other university. He had just vis
ited science Hall and he was astounded at
what he found there, and it made his heart
rejoice to see sucfi an opportunity for the
young men of the State to become profi
cient in the various manual industries
Nor did be intend to raise his voice against
the industrial in connection with the litera
ry training. But the former must not
usurp the place of the latter.
The connection of the two, he predicted,
would work a new civilization in the South.
It would make the people feel and rec:og
nize the dignity of labor. He had alwas s
advocated a iflace for the higher education
of the sons of mecbanics, farmers and all
laboring men. Such did now exist, and it
would be a sad day for South Carolina it
the opinion took hold of the people that
there was no necessity for schools for the
education of the sons of labori-g men.
History would bear him out in the as
sertion in-it tbe farm raiscd Doys, toe piow
boys. had suppiied the highest places in
.e pcipis, toe Lbench, the bar, the chair of
proe5:soship) and in all the pursuits of
iarning. They constitute the very back
bone ot tie country. It ha. been so, is so
and alwats is to be so. Therefore they
shoild be'educated in tho highest and moet
ibeal manner possible if they ever expect
the er.nlett y to be presperous.
II- di ciared himself in favor of the corn
mon school sy. temn and agreed with the
p)oet that a l:tle Icarnir.g is a dangerou~s
thing only .5 the sense in which it was
meaut. That in those callings which re
qiredl learning, that learning should be
only 0; the hzahest aind. That the pres
ent age did nat require his was evinced by
lack of skill in the laboratory, quackery in
meicine, iincompence at the bar and in.
efiiexcv in tne various depar-ments of
!ite. Tihat the supply would always be
equal to the demand.
He said thiat our forefathers excelled u~ in
toz m.ehness and to this he asriibed the
larger number of statesmen, oratorsjani emi
nct men in proporttion to the -populatior.
thar. at the present day. That thoroughness
rather than th'e nutuber of books taueht,
should be the aim of all education. Tnat
the true purpose of education was to train
the inind to think rather than to remember.
The Judge then put in a plea for the im
potance of language study and especially
of the ancient languages. He spoke par
ttularly of the benefit to the student to be
derived from the study of ancient hterature,
for in them the purest and noblest ideas
are expressed and a patriotism taught which
hs never since been equalled.
In conclusion he impressed upon the
students the necessity of putting to the
best use their college days and warned them
against passing them in idleness and riotous
Judge Hudson was listened to throughout
his discourse with care and attention by the
atudents and their assembled friends.
Mir. R Beverly Mason of the Clarioso
phic Society disinisscd the assembly in a
few choice remarks-C lumbia Record,
The State Farmers' Allianc.
ComunIa, December 19.-The Staa
Farmers' Alliance met this morning in
Agricu'tral Hall in secret session. The
1.lliance will be in session to consider
their plan of operation and make necess
ary arrangements for more extended
work and me ubership. The meeting
was called to order by President Stack
house, who, it is understood, made a
scathing attack upon the extortions and
and exactions of the railroads upon the
The meeting was attended by the ex
ecutive- committee and the following
delegates: Anderson, J. W. Norris;
Guester, Jesse H. Harden: Chestertield,
J. G. Readfearn; Darlington, E. R. Mc
Iver; Fairfield, Sam MCormiek; Green
ville, WV. WV. K--ys; Hurry, J. P. Deer
ham; Kershaw, J. R. McGidi; Lancaster,
R. L. Hicklin; Marion. J. D. Montgom
Hry; Mariboro, J. 13 Green; Newberry,
John if. Banks; Oconee, E. E. Verner;
P~ickns, R. A. H-ater; Spartainburg,
. A. Laucaater; Sumter, R. M1. Cooper;
Union, A. C. Lyles; Wiiiatn.'burg,
Joaiahi Arkfleld; York, W. N. Elder.
The president reported that tnere were
now 440 subordmnate Alhano-s in the
State, with an aggregate membership of
15,000, and at present there is an active
t-ffort to thoronghly organize the entire
The Alliancs now have under consid
eration a plan to organize -'A Farmers'
Alance cu-operative store" to purchase
ad sell provisions and fertilizers to the
embers ot the association. The funds
for the store are to be raised uuon no-es
of t ze membere. The Alliance will try
and make satisfactory arrangements with
beveral guano companies for the pur
ha of the fert-ilizrs.
F':zst:U'N NOTrES FROM PARIS.
Dressc-y Seen on the Stage ami ]"ewhere.
(From the .ew York Times.
On Tuesday subscription nights com
menced at the Francis, and on Saturdays
they occur at the Opera Conique. These,
with he Patti representation, call my
attention firs. to evening dress. Empire
styles modified to long waists seem to
enjoy unlimited favor. Golded satin,
with : hand of Russian sable around the
bottom and a scarf of the same encircling
the low coreage and crossing in front,
meet with general attention. A wide
satin sash did not bunch up under the
arm, but was shaped downward, giving
to the slight figure all its grace of out
line. A large feather fan of the same
shade as the dress completed the toilet,
aud the hair, which was dressed on top
of the head, was a diamond and black
p:.arl corent. Three rows of Oriental
pearls of goodly size were carelessly
thrown around the throat beneath. The
usual band of fur was tied on one side
with a yellow bow. The lady had a
long half-fitting opera cloak of cream
crepe de chine heavily embroidered like
an ordinary shawl, but :t.i the outlii s
of the flowers were defined in gold
thread. The long sleeves were finely
piaited and seemed like huge white
wings. The collar came up very high.
It was line.d with feather bands, and on
the outside an ostrich boa fell to the
The toilets worn in the unsuccessful
play "Jealousy" at the gymnase are not
rerarkable except for simplicity. Mile
Malvanu Ias a delicate lilac satin, perfect
ly plaiu, but embroideried with narrow
columns of gold reaching to the waist.
On one :ide was thrown a cluster of em
broidered morning glories in all their
delicate shades twining in and out of the
ghttering columns. The lovely draped
stripes are of crepe de lisse, with also
frills about the V-shaped throat. Mlle
lalvau wears also a pale gray cashmere
braided or embroidered in black, with a
tight-fitting hall-open jacket of natural
seal. Inside the vest is made of plaited
cream tulle under cross bands of black
velvet. The other toilets were neither
novel nor interesting.
On the Paris boulevards a fancy ball
dress could find many a delightful idea.
A flower quartet is charming in a costume.
The lilly is represented by short white
satin fringed out around the bottom in
lilly leaves. The waist is a mixture of
satin and crepe de lime, the latter form
ing folds and the former a sort of twist
braiding to confine them all. One side
is made of lilies pointing upward, mak
ing an epaulette of diamonds and flowers.
pulle encircles the throat and.arms and
lilies crowd the blonde curl of the
coilfure. Violets pick out tulle of a very
pse shade, and.a fringe at the bottom
sho vs a pale green underskirt. An
emerald-green satin sash seems to con
fine a shower of violets making the cor
sage. There are no sleeves, only jewel
bands of amethyst poppy.
A dress in sattin over pale-lemon tulle
skirts has a corsige made like leaves of
flowers in satin, and green satin leaves
reach higher still, making a low neck
with diamond dewdrops sparkling be
A beautiful dress is one that is a mass
of embroidery on tulle, with a broad
sash of tendrils and green grasses End
brown stalks. A head dress is most
curious, the back of the head being
covered with tiny flowers made to lie
fLat and compact and increasing in size
to the front, where they form a cornet.
Stockings are all flesh-color em)roid
Daisy gariands are seen to twist around
a bare leg, while the poppy gathers itself
on tae instep and aukle. Violets dot
only pale rose tint, and a lily points
downward from the knee. The dresses,
as they are, might be found too short
bor parlor wear', but otherwise they are
TRA l' TONG UE OF INGA LLS.
rhe Way It Wagged When Its Owner Was,
the P'resident's Guest.
From the New York World.)'
WASHINGTos, December 18. -A charac
teristic story is in circulation in clubdomi
here with regard to Senator Ingalls and
his "bitter and vindic.-ivj" sentimnents
towards the President. During the latter
par-t oi January President Cleveland
gave a dinner at whicai a number of
Senators among other distinguishe d
guests were present. Senator Ingalls
was among ihem. It so happened that
when the party gathered around the
great table in the dining-room, Senator
Ingals found himself seated by the side
of a well known society lady. The
Senator had very little that was pleasant
to say of any subject broached by his
neighbors at table. He indulged in a
number of disagreeable personalities,
and finally began a tirade of abuse of
President Cleveland, at whose dinner
table he was then sitting. The lady re
ferred to was extremely annoyed and
did her best to let the Senator see it with
out being obtrusive. The Senator,
however, apeared to be oblivious or in
different to the feelings of the Presi
dent's guests who sat about him, and
continued to speak in disrespectfVul terms
of his host. T1he lady is possessed of
remarkable tact; sue is also very patient,
but this latter quality was well-nigh ex
hauted. Turning to Senator Ingalls,
she sad in her very sweetest tones;
"Senator, when I invite you to dinner
I shall certainly give you the pea.:e of
honor, on my right." The Senator
promptly expressed his appreeito=M
this~ prospective courtesy, and was about
to indulge in a more effusive compliment
when his fair neighbor interrupted him:
"Because, Senator," said she, "if I have
ou within earshot I shall be sure you
re not saying severe things about me."
"What is the best position in which t'
lep?" asked the patient. "If usually lie
lownr," replied the doctor.
An outsider going into a newspaper
ydice on publication day can readily see
~hat it is by no ni.eans a bed of roses.
As usual on the eve of the new year, and
he day of financial reckoning, the exodus
>f American embezzlers to Canada in
It is doubtful if Edison's new talking
mchi-.e will ever supersede the old relia
>l sewing societies.
"All men are born free and equal," but
mfrtunately some are born equal to two
r three of their fellows.
1' doesn't matter how homely a man is;
f he is only rich, some beautiful women
vi think that he is "lovely."
"Time and tide wait for no man." but
vbn a woman is in the case, even time
nd tide must wait or go on without her.
"Women must have been happy in the
ime of Noah." "Why so?" Because it
ook a long time to grow old in those
Ihow strange it is that as soon as a weal
hy man dies in the United States the
i~dOw and (laughter seek consolation in
he sorrowful city of Paris.
'Thbe corner in copper has caused an al
no~t clean sweep of the old bra's house
oid utensils that artists and brie-a- brac
tutters covet. And yet the syndicate is
How Business Was Done by the
Twenty-Gie Years Ago.
"It was in July, 1863,x" said Francis
Etheridge, of Sprague, Warner & Co.,
"that I first went on the road as a com
mercial traveler. That was twenty-:
five years ago. There have been many
changes in the way the business is
done-for instance, nobody in those
days ever thought of carrying twelve,
pounds of samples. Practically we'
carried no samples at all. We would
go to a customer and talk busineus
over with him, and he would tell us!'
how much sugar he wanted, and at
what price; or what coffee he wantedi
or the number of kegs of nails. Than,
too, in those times we only made twot
trips in the year. Nowadays com
petition has changed all of that. ?
man must take with him at least
seventy pounds of samples. The puas
chaser wants to see exactly what isthe;
quality of the goods he is buying, with!
his own eyes. The salesman must be
able to show him, there in his storer
just what .he is selling, and why it is
better and cheaper than the buyer
can elsewhere get. Instead of twicer
a year the purchaser must now be
visited twice a month. The explana-.
tion of all this is that the retail dealer
has been forced by competition to
learn how to buy and sell more cheap
ly. You can understand this better
perhaps when I tell you that when I
first went on the road practically every
body I sold to took four and siz
months' time to pay; now more than:
half the goods we sell are to pur
chasers who take their discount for
cash. The work is oertainly very
much harder now than it was a quarter
of a century ago; competition has dona
that-a man now must work not tes
hours but all of his time if he wantis
"How do salaries compare in 186$
"The average is much higher now
than it was then. Of course I speak
only for the wholesale trade in gro-,
ceries, and in our trade I believe that
fully one-half the men on the road get
$4,000 a year and more. Of oouxse
this figure includes expenses.-"
"At what do you estimate the aver
"At least $1,600 a year. Now, in
1863 it was a rattling good man who
got $1,000 a year and expenses. Sal
aries all around are much more than
twice as good now as they were then.
But you must remember that inthe '60.
we were all working in the dark; no
body knew what he ought to pay or
what he was earning. Now, with our
elaborate systo'm of reports and rec
ords, we know to the fraction of a cent
just how much profit has been made
upon each bill of goods and just how
much the salesman has earned in sell
ing them. Salaries are adjusted for
each year upon the basis of a man's
previous proved.value-to us."
"Do not many of the men work on a
"Yes, a great many do. I consider
it the better way, and if I were going
out on the road again I would much
prerer percentage tv saary.
"What are the largest salaries paid
to traveling men in Chicago, Mr.
"I don't believe there is any body
getting more than $10,000 a year, and
very, very few are getting that I be
lieve there are five traveling men in
the Chicago grocery trade who are
getting from $8,000 to $10,000 a year.
Perhaps 100 men or more receive $5,000
a year and over. The average, though,
is about $4,000-f course I am spealk
ing of good men."
"Is work hard to get for a ge
"No. Sometimes a man who li o
known in Chicago may have to wait as:
long as a month before he finds an
opening, but a good salesman is sbout:
as independent as they make them."
"There are some houses who do noS.
send out travelers, are there not?"
"Yes. I do not think that they make
any thing by It, however, for. the
houses which do send men out make
thousands where the others make hun
dreds. Besides that, they send oa
'collectors,' who carry samples, and the
difference between these and the om
mercial travelers is not always visible
to the naked eye."-lucago Rea.
Wisdom of the Crow.
The crow Is nobody's fooL. "JAY8h
and learn" is his motto; and he doU#
both, but especially the former, in a.
way to excite the admiration of all die
interested observers. In the longF
struggle between human Ingenuity an&
corvine sagacity It is doubtful which
has thus far obtained the upper hand..
Nor have I ever quite convinced myself1
which of the contestants has the better
case. "The crow is a hef"the tn.
er declares; "he shoudoonehimh.j
..tar~tu aet or ese w his owal
garden." "Yes, yea," Corvus makuis
reply; "but If I steal your corn ys
first stole my land." Unlike his cod:
the raven-who, along with the Tndmn
has retreated before the pale-face--thei
crow is no ultranservative. CMivI.
zation and modern Ideas are not in the
least distasteful to him. He has an
unfeigned respect for agriculture andi
in fact may be said himself to have aso
up as gentleman farmer, letting out
his land on shares, and seldom failing
to get his full half of the crept
and, like the shrewd manager that he
is, he insures himself against drough*
and other mischances by taking his
moiety early in the season.-Atlantis.
-According to a recently-published
Italian pamphlet there are now on
Mount Athos twenty different monaD
teries; seventeen Greek, one Busian,
one Servian and one Bulgarian.
PIANoS AMD oaG~ANs.
Pianos $225. Orgns $50. Chicker
ing, Mathhushek, Msn & Hmlin,
Sterling and Arion Pianos. Mason &
Eamlin, Packard and Waterloo Orgas
at Factory prices for cash or on easy
[nstalments. Fifteen days teat trial and
freight paid both ways if not satisfacto
ry. Order and test in your own homes.
Delivered to nearest depot freight free.
Don't forget bottom prices and square
ealing. Write for cuts and prices.
N. W. TBUMP,
* Columbia, S. C.
More men have been wrecked by whis
-e than ships by water.