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THE GOVE RNOR'S POSITION.
How It Is Regard.i. by Difterent Paper.
in South Carolina.
The Governor's action is condemned
by some, but we do not see how he
could have acted otherwise than he did.
In the first place, bringing up the sao
jeot in the Legislature, pending Miss
Lee's contest of the will, was hasty and
unseemly, while it could in no way
hasten the establishment of the college;
and as the Governor's action will not
delay the institution, we can see no just
grounds for condemnation.
Governor Richardson declined to sign
the Clemson College bill, hence it will,
like many other important bills which
required more careful consideration, be
delayed until the next session of the
Legislature. Theactionof the Governor
is condemned by the advocates of the
Ciemson college, but in our judgment
he acted wisely and for the best inter, at
of al! concerned. The case is now be
fore the courts, and even should the bill
have been signed the State could not
have entered into immediate possessiou
until the injunction of the United States
Court was dissolved. The Governor's
action, therefore, will neither hasten nor
delay the establishment of the college.
(Abbeville Press and Banner.)
We see by the newspapers that the
Golvernor will withhold his signature
from the Act to accept the Clemson es
Because the Governor had not the
bill before him for three days prior to
the adjournment of the Legislature, the
Constitution provides that he may, at
his own discretion, withhold his ap
proval or disapproval until the next sit
tin of the Legislature.
his exercise of this Constitutional
right some of the newspapers seem dis
pleased, and have criticised the act.
It a to us, that no more censure
should attach to the Governor for veto
ing the bill, or withholdinghisapproval.
than was attached to the Lieutenant
Governor for casting his vote for the
Let those who favor the Clemson Col
lege be as fair to Governor Richardson
as those who oppose it hays been to
The Governor, in holding the Act, is
only exercising a right which is guaran
aneed him by the Constitution, and in
its exercise we see no injury which can
possibly result to the State. The course
of the Governor was a little unusual, but
when nothing could have been accom
plished by his signature, and no injury
will result from his actions, we fail to
see reason -in the criticism which has
been heaped upon hie& by many of the
papers of the State. We are in favor of
the agricultural college, but we think it
is one of those matters which should be
gone into with deliberation and with a
full knowledge of its cost.
The result of the Governor's action
will simply delay the matter until the
next meeting of the General Assembly,
and it is to be hoped that by that time
he may be in a position to give his ap
proval to the Act.
Governor Richardson has wisely
pocketed the Clemson bill. His views
on the subject, and his reasons for with
hold.ng his signature, will be made
known early in November.
While it is undeniably true that the
majority of th~e people of the State were
in favor ofacecepting the bequest, it is
not certain that it is the'wisest course to
at thisjuncture oLf..airs. The
- anestate har bi6i injected into
the politics of the State-at the last elec
tion. Many of-ther new members owe
their election to the vehemence with
wicIh advocated this measure, and
.theyfelt it would be traitorous to
their cosiunsto vote against the
bill. The position occupied by the op
pnants of the bill is impregnable,.but
no -amount of logie or common sense
Ooiazie A~Qin. to -vote according
to "terjm;. "; when- in so dcing.
they'~ fr~i their'p~laces aslegisla
tcrs at ?ihrelection. Gov. Richard
son is fortunate in having abundant
time to get the consensus of opinion
througou4'h Sa and wilt no doubt
pursue a ~diefised by true wisdom
and wite pVeentime th'e
contsts ~iBcan make ther
The Constitution gies tae Chief Ex
ecutive three days within y.which -to ext
amine any and all bills be ore approving
or vetoing, anld as the~ egislature ad
journed before the ending of three days
from the time it was presented to hun,
he.will hold, it untii the reessembling
neik .ibrwhenhe will return it,
either with or withouit approval, as he
An avaumng himgelf of his constita
tronal right and in eo preserving the
statna quo Gov. Richardson has done
exactly thce right thing, at the right
time and in the right way.
The cause of agricultural educstion
has not been damaged or delayed by his
ation, for, by the terms of the bequest,
the State was given three years within
which to accept or refuse, and the
course of the courts must be waited
upon to decide whether Mr.. Clemson
had the 't to make the disposition of
the Port H'1 property that he under
Further than that. If the trial of the
suit of Miss Lee, granddaughter of Mr.
Clemson, nexs spring before Chief Jus
ties Puller at Charleston, should result
-in breaking the Clemson will, so far as
the Fort Hill lands are concerned, the
Governor's course will have saved the
Bate from a most mortifying predica
ment into which shortsighted popularity
huntaahaveasought to hurry it. It is
a good thing that-the State has a. Gov'
-r ero. It is a better thing that his
name is John Peter Richardeon.
This decision on the part of the Gov
ernor will no doubt excite a good deal
of comment on the part of the press and
people. He will be sustained by some,
and bitterly asailed by others. For
our Tart we believe he has acted wisely.
T~he college loses nothing by a little de
Th. contest over the will will now b
between the executor of the Clemson es
tate, and Mr. Calhoun's gadchild, as
rpeetd by her guardian, and the
State is spared the expense incident tc
When the courts will have passed
upon the title, it will be time enough t~
take action. The injunction estabhshed
by the court prevents the property froz
being turned over to the State, and this
injunction will hold good until the ques
tions raised by Miss Lee have been fully
The Clemson Agricultural College bil]
was passed by the Legislature and seni
to the Governor only a day or two before
the i.a adjourmert The Governo2
did not approve the Act, nor did he veto
it, but simply holds it in reserve until
the next session of the Legislature under
authority of a provision of the Constitu
tion. If the Legislature had sent the
Act to the Governor a day or two earlier,
it would necessarily have become a law or
else it would have been killed. Either
res.lt might have been unfortunate,
considering the present complication of
the bequest, but as it is, when the Legis
lature meets next November it might be
made to appear unmistakably that one
fate or the other should befall the meas
ure. It is fortunate that the conjunction
of circumstances permits the matter to
be held in abeyance, and it is also
fortunate that Governon Richardson was
prepared to act discreetly when the
FROM SLAVERY TO HONOR.
Jeff. Davis' Former Servant, Now an Alder
man, Writes to His Old Master.
James H. Jones colored, of Raleigh, N.
C., who was the Hon. Jefferson D.avis's
body servont while the latter was President
of the Southern Confederacy, wrote him a
letter some weeks ago expressive of his
nigh regard Jones stated that he had not
seen his former master since both were tak
en to Fortress Monroe. Jones was cap
tured with Mr. Davis in Georgix and made
great efforts to secure his master's escape.
Mr. Davis makes special mention of him in
his history. Jones has made particular de
nial of the story that Davis was attired in
woman's clothing when captured.
Since the war Jones has lived here. He
is a Republican in politics and has for eigh
teen years been an alerman. His love
for Mr. Davis amounts to devotion.
The following. autograph letter came
from Mr. Davis. dated at Beauvoir,
Miss., December 26.
"I was very glad to receive your letter,
with its assurance of kind remembrance,
and it gave pleasure not only to me but al
so to my daughter, who was an infant
when you last saw her. Mr.. Davis you
know was always your particular friend.
We have all rejoiced when we heard of
your honorable prosperity, and have felt
that it was what was due to your integrity
and fidelity. The many years which have
come and gone since we parted have in no
wise diminished my regard for you and in
terest in your welfare. On Christmas day
I mailed to you the last photograph taken
of me in order that you might see me as I
"With the best wisbos of. myself. Mrs.
Davis and all the household, I am truly
The Suicide of Ben Woods.
BRUNSON, Jain. 2.-Ben Woods, a white
man, living not far from Matthews' Bluff,
committed suicide by drowning himself in
a well. For some time before he had given
unmistakable evidence of insanity, but no
one seemed to realize that he had any se
rious intention of destroying his life. al
though he had once, it least, declared his
intention to do so. On Friday morning he
tried to get : plow line. and when asked
what he wanted witu it, said he wanted to
fix the gate. lie was advised to use a
chain, and seemed satisfied to do so. Soon
afterwards he 'was found cutting off a
piece of bagging, and being asked what he
was going to do with it, he said it was to
tie the chain to the gate. A little after sun
down some persons heard his plunge into
the water, and rushing to the well made
frantic efforts to rescue him; but he re
fused to avail himself of the aid of the
hand pole let down to him, and before he
could be reached he sang to the bottom.
When he was "fished" out., the piece of
-bagging referred to was found tied around
his neck with an old axe at the other cud.
He had climbed down the curb, removed
his hat and coat and then jumped in. He
was about 4,5 years of age and unmarried.
-Special to News and Courier.
A Bold Roubbery-.
One of the boldest robberies whichi
have ever occurred in our county took
place about four miles from town on
Monday last. Early Monday morning
between daylight and sun up Mr. Martin
Lynn left his home to go to Stroup &
Wallace's store. On the way be met
two negro men, who stopped him and
inquired if he had a pistol for sale, and
on replying that he had not, they asked
him what he would take for his gun,
which he was carrying at the time.
When he informed them three dollars
they took it, and handed him a five
dollar bill, when he rewrned the change
and went nis way. After going several
hundred yards his attention was i.t
tracted by some one askieg what he hadt
.one with that pocketbook, and ontrn
ing around was confronted by the two
negroes, one of whom shot at him, the
bali passing through his cap. They
then seized him. threw him down, and
ut his pock-etbook out of his pcket,
containing about thirteen dollar"-, and
after administering- a severe bearing,
left him. Neither one of the negross
was recognized.-York Enterprise.
Tn REPUBUICAN MANGERs have been.
running over the list of membxers certined
to the Fifty-first.-ogress, and they nd
that the number of certific..es received is
yet about sixty short of the whole number,
325. They estimate the maximum lapub
lican majority at seven and the minimum
at one. The relation of parties, as the Re
pblican managers fig-ure from the certiti
cates and official counts as reported, is 163
Republicans and 159 Democrats. This
omits the disputed districts jn Tennessee
and West Virginia. Counting these for
the Democrats the relative strength of the
two parties would be--Republicana 163,
Democrats 162. Counting them for the
Republicans the result would be-Repub
licans 166. Demaocrats 159. According to
the Philadelphia Times, these are the out
side limits. In any event the Republicans
will have a majority. But at 4he minimum
majority of one the margin is so small that
the death of a single Republican would
make it impossible to organize the House
until an election were held. It is believed
in Republican circles that the certifying of
two of the West Virginia Representatives:
is simply preliminary to the certifying ofI
the other two. In the csse of Evans he
has the Governor's certificate. His name
will go on the roll or the district will be
left blank until after the organization of
the House. By this arrangement the par
ties on the organization of the House would
stand: R-publicansi, 163; Democrats, 161;
not certified, 1; total, 325.
A Painfuli Wound. *
On Tuesday afternoon last, Ciarence
Glenn, the youngest -son of Sheriff
Genn, was accidentally shot, receiving
a painful flesh wound below the left hip.
On Thursday morning he, accompanied
by Dr, J. B. Allison and some colored
men, went rabbit hiinting, riding a
mle, and carrying a gun. The hunt
progressed very satisfactorily, until late
in the day, when, on the return home,
about two miles from town, near the
Pikmey road, the mule Clarence was
riding stumbled and fell, throwing him
and causing the explosion of the gun,
the charge, which was egqurel shot,
entering his side as above described.
Fortunately for him, he had the presence
and attention of Dr. Allison, while one
of the colored men hastened to town for
Dr. Lindsay, who gave the wounded
lad necessary treatment. Though the
wound is ul, it is not dangerous.
FOUNDED FOR THE BENEFIT OF THE
Competent Doctors, Druggist and Nurse in
Charge-How It Is Managed.
(Fro'n the Columbia Daily Record.)
The handsome cottage on Medium street,
near the University Campus, has been com
pleted and the keys turned over to the Uni
It is to be used as an Infirmary in which
sick students will receive all needful care
The building has eight rooms in it, six
)n the first floor and two on the second.
THE CONSULTING ROOM.
On the left, as one enters, is the consult
ing room where a student will be examined
by the physician in charge and prescribed
for. It is fitted nicely and has in it a chest
of drugs and a dispensing'desk. Mr. S. J.
Duffle is the druggist and all prescriptions
will be filled by him, or by some of the ad
vanced students, under his supervision, in
the Pharmaceutical Laboratory of thi Uni
versity. Either Dr. Taylor or Dr. Talley
will be found in this office every afternoon
it 4.30 o'clock for consultation by the stu
lents. Behind the office is the room of the
Mrs. M. J. Ferrell, from the Charleston
rraining School of Nurses. who comes
bighly recommended, as thoroughly :,m
petent and efficient. Adjoining her room
is a routa set aside for toe use of any very
sick patient. This room is apart from the
rest o, the building and little or no noise
can reach it.
The front room on the right-hand side
bas not yet been put to any special use, but
ehind it is
where the stores for the use of the Infirm
try will be kept. Just to the rear of this is
There is of courae p stove in it, and the
:ommon kitchen utensils, and a hot water
:ank. While a sick student will not be
supplied with all of his victuals from the
[nfirnary kitchen, any delicacies, such ::s
hicken soup, beef tea, etc., will be p:e
pared therein for him.
ire two large rooms that open one into the
>ther, and each will have about a dozen
nice beds in it.
There is also a dressing-room, and a
bath-room with hot and c-)ld and shower
The building is well constructed, and is
modeied to suit the purposes for which it
THE INFIRMARY FEE
s five dollars, which is paid at the begin
ing of each session, and which guarantees
:o every student the advantages of the In
irmary for whatever time he may be sick
luring the nine months of the college year.
From the fund raised by this means the
salaries of the physician, druggist, nurse
mud other expenses of the Infirmary are
BOYTON'S SEA SERPEN I' ARRIVES.
e tLaught It After a Brave Fight and
Brought It to Town.
(New York Star, Dec. 30.)
Captain Paul Boyton's sea serpent
aptured in the - Caribbean Sea some
weeks ago, has arrived in this city. The
noneter was brought into Baltimore
'hursday morning on the steamship
[othonay of the Henry Bros.'
ine. It was shipped from that port on
he ship Latharna for Philadelphia,
where it was delivered over to Captain
Boyt-im's manager, Dan Freeman, who
rought it to this city. He related last
sight. how Captain Boyton captured the
great aquatic wonder.
"An expedition was fitted out last
&rgust said he, "by Captain Boyton,
or the purpose of searching for marine
monsters. The vessel Huntress sailed
rom Baltimore August16, having aboard
Captain Boy ton, Professor E. Munster,
the taxrdermist and naturalist,.and se,
aral submarine divers and h2arpoon
hands. The serpent was sighted off the
[le of Pines. a small ishand lying off the
south-west of Cuba, in the Carribean
Sea. T-iere was a groat chase, followed
by a terrible struggle, for it took many
shots to kill the monster. Harpoon after
barpoon was sunk in the big body also,
and finally victory belonged to Captain
Pauil. T~e aernent was towed to the
island, and there Professor Munster be
gan his task of scientific taxidermy. It
ook thre' weeks to properly perform
the work, and thieu the great scientific
trophy was ready for shipment."
Captain Boyton declares that, after
exhibiting the serpent itt several cimes,
he will present him to ithe Mutseuin of'
Two Serious Accidents.
One day last week whik. Master David
DeWalt of our town was hunting, he
acidently shot a little negro boy. It
seems that a rabbit jumped up in front
of David and ran into the direction of
the little negro, whom he did not see.
He fired at the rabbit, but the load struck
the little negro, a number of the shot
taking affect in the back and left arm of
the little negro. The shots passed
through the clothes and lodged in the
skin, inflicting but slight wounds, as the
two boys were a considerable distance
apart and the shot were small.
\Wbile Master Johnnie Merchant, of
St. Lukes commnnity, was handling a
pistol Monday, it accidentally dis
charged, and Hink Brown (cooL), who
was standing near, received the ball in the
lower part of the abdomen. Drs. A. F.
Longford and J. R. Langford are attend
ing him. From what we can lean it is
quite probable that the wound will prove
fatal.- Prosperity Reporter.
A Queen's Moustache.
A most curious statement is being
made about the Queen of Portugal. Not
only has Maria Pia, it is said, a clearly
defined moustache on her upper lip. but
she is positively proud of it. it is
furthermore stated, evidently by a con
firmed courtier, that this hirsute adorn
ment suits admirably the Queen of Port
ugal's style of beauty. Whio shall say,
then, that tim royal example will not
effect arevolutionin this particular direc
tion? Hitherto the answers on toilette
matters in the ladies' journals have been
largely devoted to directions to fair corre
spondents how they might get rid of the
superfluous growth of hair on
their upper lips and chins. But in
future, possibly, toilette editors will be
called on to recommend the best mous
tache developer for ladies whose "style
of beauty" the masculine growth on the
upper lip is supposed to suit,
Remove spots from furniture with hero
The number of executions during the
past year in the United States was eighty
seen. New York headed the list with
nine and Peensylvania furnished five. All
of the condemned were men, except one;
fifty-seven were whites, twenty-nine ne
es and one a Chinamnan. Lynchings are
An Afectionato Lion.
The superintendent of the' animal de
partment out in Woodward's;garden tells
a pathetic and pretty story about a lion
they had out there, says The San Fran
cisco Chronicle. At first he was so dan
gerous that they did not care to venture
too close to him, but by persistent gen
tleness and kindness the superintendent
gradually made the beast so fend of him
that it liked to have him go into the
cage. and if he'd lie-down beside it the
lion would raise its head, so as to give
hi:n a soft place tu.lie. One day a drunken
sailor came into tie gardens and began
teasing the lion. The superintendent
came up and told the sailor not to tease
the beast. The sailor replied with an
oath, and struck at him twice. The lion
became perfectly franctic with rage, and
roared, and bent. the bars of his cage so
much that the sailor got fri;ghtened. If
the lion had got out of his cage there
would not have been enough left of the
sailor for a funcral. At length the lion
got some kind of a tumor and was in
g~vat poin. One or two siight operations
hal to be performed, aid nb ;ody could
get near the beast except this one man.
The lion let him cut, and looked at him
gratefully all the time, licking his hand
when it was over. The tumor r-rew so
bad that a big 'peraticn had to be per
formed and it was with fear and trem
bling that the supe rintendent undertook
it. for the lion was in terrible pain. The
c'tors could not go near, but they drew
a diagram of the body of the lion, held
it up before him as he went on, and
made the marks on it where he was to
cut. He followed the. directions, and
al the whi' the lion nv as still as if he
v::re undi(S.turboed. '1 ,. list opemt:ion
dlH no good. The bea;t was in such fear
fal uain that they had to kill him. The
erinten denc took his revolver and
n-:er pett. the animal fired one shot
through .i head, putting the muzzle
close to it. The lion gave him apathetic
look, in whlch there seemed to be a mix
ture of surprise and reproach, but no
anger. It took three shots to kill him,
and all the time the beast never toci his
eyes off the, man who was killing him.
The 'sunerintendent says he was n.ver so
curiously and-deeply affected in his life,
and lie could not help crying; even now
he feels the tears come when he recalls
it, and lie cannot forget the lion's pitiful
look as his head fell back for the last
A County of New Mexico.
There is not a county in New Mexico
but has many natural advantages and
wonderful resources, but Dona Ana
county, in the south central portion of
the territory, probably takes the lead.
I'na Ana county is a vast tableland
.!.',O feet above sea level, 150 miles from
cast to we-t and 100 miles from north to
south. Great mountain ranges spring
up from the vast plain to a height of
from 2.000 to 6,000 feet above their level,
and from twenty to fifty miles in length,
but are seldom more than ten or twelve
miles in width. These mountains trend
nearl-: north and south, and are all rich
in mineral, some of them containing
mine; that have been worked for many
year l:y the old Spaniards and Mexicans,
".d are cill producing. Large quanti
ties of gold, silver, copper and galena
and other minerals are found.
The nlains between these mountain
ranges are treeless, but covered with
rich, nutritious grama grass, which is
equal to the best cultivated provender, it
is sserted, for rough feed. This vast
tract of ta'oleland is traversed from north
to south bv the Rio Grande del Norte,
which has washed out a valley five or
six guiles in width. For ages the pro
longed freshets-the melting snows of
sprin: and the summer rains-have
brought with them the surplus decom
no eI vegetable matter and rich in min
eral salts which in ..regnate the turbulent
waters as they wvas ath mountain sides,
the vast plains, and rush down the ar
rortas. These sedimentary deposits are
inthis way precipitated, and have cov
ered -.he entire valley to a great depth
with the richest of alluvial soils. The
waters of the Rio Grande, like those of
the Nile of I'gypt, are exceedingly rich
in this sedimentary mateia he'ld in
solution, and when spread over the lands
in the process of irrigation, renews the
soils and renders the use of other fer
tiliers unnecessary.-Cor. Kansas City
The Haunted Hole.
One night about fifty years agoa brutal
murder was committed at a lonely place
on the hidh road between Warwick and
Stratord-upon-Avoni, writes a London
correspondecnt. The next morning the
murdered man was found lying by the
roadside, his head mueh mangled, resting
in a small hole in the bank. The assas
sins, two in number, were shortly after
ward di .~'\ered, and they were 'hanged
at Warwia- for their crime. From" that
da-' to this the hole wherein the dead
man'o head reposed remains unchanged.
No mat.e-r how often it may be flled up,
whther by the wash of heavy rains or
b,7 stones and leaves that boys may hap
pen to cast into it as they pass, it is soon
found~ to be again empty. No one takes
eaeof it. No one knows whether or by
w Lmi s guarded. Fill it at nightfall
and von walfind~it em pty in the morn
ing'i:: is the local belief end afiir~na
11:. h pzca is haunted.otci
'ii ptis about two miles oto
.rzt "odan not distant from the gates
c f C"aricote park. I looked at this hole
oe~ brights day in June, and saw that it
v~a ciptr Nature, it is thought by the
bios 'a:- complicitly with the eon
* calment Of crime, and brands with her
eurse the places that arc linked with the
r-"eddirn- c i blo2d. You will recall that
ctrong line' in Tom' Hlood's pioem-of "Eu
gene Aram" : "For a might7 wind had
swept the place. and1 stiti the corse was
U'o niuqd to the Children.
Wallice says the mind of man is so
reat that hienceforth his "selection"
ill reolace the primitval p)ower of
niaturil selection," so that it is possible
the earth will bear only cultivated plants
and tame animals: and Frederica Ere
mer tilinas man may possibly create "an
ennobled race of animals' by the educa
ioni of a kind and gentle treatment.
Wih t'hat potency, then, comes this
truth to the education of children. Here,
indeed, is the richest reward of kind
aess. And how is it possible to look on
a child without being touched by the
pathes of its helplessness? How fearful
barshness is, or cold nerglect, and how
dreadful ard angry pun-s ments to those
little beings who cling to us like clusters
on a vine! It is by our good juices they
must be ripened, and if the vine be bad1,
what hope for them? And, as before, I
have said that there is great vanity and
conceit in unkindness, so the kindness
of the love of parent or teacher wil root
well in humility. For who can look on
a child without awe, or compare its needs
and his own attainments wvthout a fear?
.-"J. V. B." in St. Lous Globe-Democrat.
When the thermometer is down near ze
ro, never put a frosty bit into a horse's
mouth without warming it; if you don't
know why, just touch your tongue to it
and you will find a piece of skin frozen to
It was Thoreau who said: "I would
rather sit on a pumpkin and have it all to
myself, than be crcwded on a velvet cush
Ion. 1 would rather ride on earth in an ox
cart wIth a free circulation, than go to
heaven in the fancy car of. an excursion
train and breathe malaria all the way."
An Italian physi,:ion has been making
experiments with colors on insane people.
A furious lunatic, so the story goes, en
closed in a blue room became gentle and
comaatvly sane within a few hours.
Angels of Growth, of old, in that surpriso
Of your first vision. wild and sueet,
I ioured in p:sionate sighs
Mv wish um-ie
That y.' descend m12y heart to meet
31y heart so slow to rise.
Now thus I pray: Angelic be to hold
In heaven your shining poise afar,
And to my wishes bold
It -liy with coll.
Swae invitation, like a star
Fixed in the heavens old.
Did ye descend, what were ye more than I?
s't not by this ye are divine -
That native to the sky,
Ye cannot hie
Downwar., and give low hearts the wine
That should reward the high?
Weak, yet in weakness I no more complain
Of your abiding in your places:
Oh. still. howe'er my pain
WilI prayers may rain,
Keep pure on high the perfect graces
That stooping could but stain.
Not to content your lowness, but to lure
And lift us to your angelhood,
Do your surprises pure
Dawn far and sure
Above the tumult of young blood,
And starlike there endure.
Wait there! wait, and invite me while I climb;
For, see, I come: but slow. but slow I
Yet ever as your chime,
Soft and sublime,
Lifts at my feet, they more, they go
Up the great stair of Time.
-David A. Wasson.
RELIC OF FEUDAL TIMES.
Why a Host Pour' Burgundy into His
urvn Glass Eefo:e Serving Gue.ta.
Three gentlemen were dining in an up
town restaurant the other night when a
bottle of choice Burgundy was placed
before the host. Ie poured a few drops
into his own glass and then filled the
glasses of his guests, after which he
again turned his attention to his own.
Then they all lifted their glasses, inhaled
the delicate aroma, and sipped the wine
"That is one of the few parties," said
the proprietor of the restaurant to a re
porter, indicating the man who was tak
ing the part of host, "who knows how to
pour wine. Most persons make a great
splurge and send the wine gurgling into
the glasses of their guests. The proper
thing is to pour just a little into your
own glass first and then fill those of your
friends. This custom is a relic of ancient
feudal times, and is intended to indicate
that the wine is not drugged or poisoned
by showing that the host intends to par
take of it also. In those days when
poisoning was a highly developed art and
violence reigned supreme, even friends
might be forgiven for being a little
suspicious of each other. Even later in
the world's history, a general serving un
der the first Napoleon found it advisable
to insist upon his host's drinking the
wine with him to be sure that it had not
been poisoned. In this instance, how
ever, as the host's patriotism inspired
them to include themselves among the
victims, the precaution was fruitless.
"It was during the wars of Napoleon
in Spain. The general had command of
a regiment of the guard of Jerome, ex
king of Westphalia. The soldiers, weary
with a long day's march, arrived, under
the walls of Figueiras. The general sent
to the prior of the convent in that town
demanding refreshments for his officers
and men. The prior sent back word that
the men could find quarters in the town,
and that he would entertain the staff of
ficers. Such an invitation fi-om a pre
sumable enemy aroused the general's
suspicions, and in order to be on the safe
side he invited the prior and two of his
monks to dine with hiu. After a hearty
meal, supplemnented by dehicious wines
and liquors, the general and his aids were
horrified to hear the following from their
host, who addressed them calmly and
deliberately: 'Gentlemen, if you have
any wordly affairs to settle there is no
time to lose; this is the last meal you and
I shall take on earth; in an hour we
shall know the secrets of the world to
"Within the time set, notwithstanding
antidotes and physics prescribed by the
doctors, the prior's p~redictionl was f'ul
filled. He and his monks had put a
deadly poison in the wine to rid the
world of their hated enemies. Although
the original reasoit for the custom has
fortunately no longer any force, it is con
sidered a mark of ill breeding to neglect
it."-New York Evening Sun.
The Gallery Front Row.
When I go to the theatre with a party
of gentlemen I always prefer to take seats
in the front row of the first gallery. Of
course, when people see you there they
imagine.you are trying tso save money,
and all that sort of thing-that you're
really stingy, as it were. Of course no
one wants to appear in thi ligh~t, and
when one takes a .Iady,hie cannot afford
to be placed in that position. But when
only gentlemen are concerned, I tell you,
they can all take the 'dress circle and
parquet for me. I'll take the front row
in the first gallery, and I know what I'm
talking about, for I've studied the matter.
No one will doubt that you can see bet
ter from that elevation. There's no big
hats in front of you, no heads dodging
fron. one side to the other to see around
some other body's big hat, no nothing of
that sort. If that ain't an advantage, I
don't know what is. Then there's another
thing. You can hear better in the front of
the lower gallery. There's no ot her part
of the house that equals it, and if the
escape from the big hat nuisance is not
enough tids surely is.-Globe-Democrat.
An interesting relic was received recently
at the Navy Department in Washington.
It was a section, about th ree feet in length
of one of the timbers of the San Pablo, one
of the ships which composed the famous
Syanish Armado which sailed to "conquer
England three hundried and fifty years ago.
-he San Pablo was one of the ships which
escaped. She was afterward renamed Na
vio Soberano, and after several cruises was
wrecked on the coast near Santiago de
Cuba, where the hulk now lies buried in
The Duchess of Galliero, who has just
died in Paris, was so rich that she was able to
give 45.000,000 to endow the port of Ge
noa: $10,000,000 to endow the most mnag
nificent hospital in Enrope, to enlarge five
streets and restore a dozen churches. She
asogave her native city her celebrated psI
ace and collection of Vandyke paintings,
and in Paris endowed a museum of art, an
orphanage ad other institutions. Her only
son and heir'. "Signor" Ferrari. is a rabid
Socialist, and refuses the title of dnkc.
In Anagua, Texas, Charles de la Graza
and Jesus Basrbo fought a duel on New
Year's Day, in which both were killed.
They opened fire on each other from horse
back, but dismounting after a few shots
advanced on foot, firing on each other,
Ga za first using a Winchester and after
wrds a pistol. Garza was shot through
the stomach. Barbo was shot through
both thighs. lust one finger and was also
hit in the body above the heart. Garza
was dead when witnesses got there, but
Barbo lived for an hour. -
The beat way when hot grease has been
spilled on the floor is to dash cold water
over it, so as to harden it quickly and pre
vnt it striking- into the boards.
INSECT GEM HUNTERS.
Garnets and Other Precious Stones
Brought to the Surface by Ants.
"There is the original garnet mine, and
the miner as well, " said my companion,
as we were riding among the mountains
of New Mexico.
Following the direction of his glance I
saw a tall, well formed Navajo -Indian
standing motionless by what appeared to
be a small sand heap. Wishing to hives
tigate we drew nearer and fond that
the statesque native was watching one r
the many ant hills that dot the country
through New Mexico and Arizona as
As we approached he hardly looked
up. appearing indifferent after the fash
ion of his race, and his object was still
an enigma. at least to me. The Navajo
tribe had never produced a naturalist,
and it was hardly possible that he had
been studying the habits of the active in
sets. Ferhaps lie was trying to collect
enough for dinner-Indians have been
known to eat rats.
But the Indian was, after all, a close
observer, and was reaping his reward,
for when I asked him w-" he was doing
he held out a small bag, ih contents of
which I turned upon my hand-garnets,
small but good. in great numbers. bits of
quartz that gleamed like diamonds, here
a bit of turquoise. large quantities of oli
vine, and a single gem. an emerald, of
but little value, but an emerald after all.
An ant hill was a curious place from
which to take such a strange assortment,
but, as my friend had suggested, this
miners were the ants. In piling up their
dome like houses they brought out the
minute gems one by one and placed them
among the bits of sand, where they
gleamed and flashed as if inviting col
The Indians had discovered their value,
and in this way did their mining. allow
ing the ants to do all the work and tak
ing the gems as fast as they were brought
up. The stones found in this w-ny range
in size from the head of a pin to a large
pea. and, besides the ones mentioned,
rubies have been taken from the heaps.
These stolen gems are' sold in lots and
used in various kinds of jewelry. Nearly
every ant hill is examined in this way
and the mound gone over, often the ants
being watched and the gems taken from
them as soon as brought up.
Whethe: the little insects have a liking
for glistening objects it is difficult to de
termine. h it, from the fact that so many
gems are brought to the surface. there
would seem to be reason to suppose they
had. It would be extremely difficult to
name an industry followed by man that
did not have its prototype in the lower
animal kingdom. Our humble friends
have their trades, their seeming arts and
sciences, just as we have. Hence, we
need not be surprised if we find miners
whose work compares favorably with
that of human beings.
In an ant family that I have been
watching for some time, well up in the
Sierra Madre mountains, southern Cali
fornia. the work is carried on in a very
methodical manner, the workers appar
ently being protected by soldier ants,
with huge heads and powerful jaws.
For some time I watched these miners
at work, noticing the regularity w?ith
which each ant seemed to deposit its
load in. the same spot. and finally I
allowed the sun to pass through my
.hand glass and form a bright spot at the
entrance of the mine. A worker soon
passed under it, and, feeling the fierce
heat, evidently rushed below with the
news, for almost immediately out came a
horde of big jawed fighters, who darted
about, biting at the sun spot, and showv
ing by their actions that they 1md deter
mined to attack the foe. whatever it was,
and when I placed my magnifying glass
upon the ground they rushed at it in
great fury. fastening their jaws upon the
silver case and refusing to be torn away
-even parting with their heads. that re
mained for a long time clinging to the
Leg Cut Off by a Train.
GnEEmIrE. Jannary 2.-B. Weherle,
a well-known jeweller and an old citizen
of Greenvil'e, was the victem of a painful
accident at the Air Line depot to-day.
He was standing close to the main track
and watching the engineer packing the
cylinder of a locomotive standing on a
ide track. A Blue Ridge train was
shifting on the main line, and while
Weerle's attention was distracted a
a passing coach struck him and threw
him to the ground. His left leg fell
under ti.' wheels and was cut off comn
pletel) be.aw the knee. It was feared
that the 7ictem would not survive the
amputation which was found necessary,
and he has since died..
The New Orleans Times-Democrat
compiles, from the number oi votes east
in the late elections and other data, an
estimate of the population of each State
in the union. Its estimate for Georgia
'is 2,041,669, and for Alabama 1,541,5383.
The estimate for all the States is 62,157,
633, and for the territories 1,925,424.
According to the estimatee, the increase
per cent. in population of the various
sections bince 1880 has been Northwest
21.3, Pacific coast 47.0, South 30. 2, WVest
20.5, New England 16.4, Middle Statles
16.3, Union 26.5. The State showing
te largest increase is Texas, 69 per cent.,
with Colorado, Kausas, Mignesota and
Aran a ot lwn in the order named,
B~ined to Death.-A little negro girl
was burned to death on the plantation
of Mr. Henry Hill, five or six miles from
Midway, on December 21. It seems that
the child was left in the house with an
infant, and was bringing in chips to Eeap
upon the fire, whilst her parents were
off a little distance to watch .the fish
sporting in a pond near ihe house. The
child ran out of the house all in a blaze.
Her father, Ed Williams, ran toward her.
Ho took hcld of her hands and the flesh
fell off. She lived for about five hours
in great agony.
We tind the fool a pretty smart fellow
when we come to make a trade with him.
To remove spots from marble use a paste
of whiting and benzine.
Occasionally a Boston woman conde
sceds to run a sewitg-machinle, but you
ray be sure she uses nothing but refined
Our European consulg report that the
United States is receiving the scum of for
eign populationl, and that the steamship
owners are largely responsible for it.
Uilcloths should never be washed in hot
.oasuds; they should first be washed
clean with cold waiter, then rubbed dry
wvithi a cloth wet in milk. The same treat
ment applies to a stone or slate hearth.
The necessity of introducing some vari
ety to the conventional af ternon tea has
led many hostess to provide, with the other
means of refreshment, small bags of bon
bos tied up with ribbons.
Whenever General IHarrison takes his'
walks abroad he carries an old-fashioned,
ivory-handled cane, leaving at home over
one hundred fancy walking sticks which
hae been sent him since his nominatiCnu.
BEAUTY AND DIET.
LAWS WHICH ALL DAUGHTERS OF
EVE SHOULD ALWAYS OBEY.
Pickles, Strong Tea and Overdone Beef the
American Girl's Diet-Padding and Cos-'
metics Used to Patch Up Marred Beauty.
A Suggestion or So.
Flesh texture and tint perform a most
important function in female beauty.
To preserve and improve them demands
the strictest observance of sanitary laws.
A bad skin, lacking tint, plumpness
and elasticity, indicates want of good
ness in the vital or nutritive system.
Diet, digestion, temperature, open air
exercise, sleep and tranquillity of mind
are absolute necessities to every woman
who wishes to keep her youth.
As to diet, it is only necessary to ask
what does the average American girl
eat? She sits down to a potato and a
pickle, three or four cups of strong tea,
pies, cake:, sweets and fiery condiments.
If she ..-!des beef in her menu it is
onlyvi r m;astin-g, fryin and grilling
Las rele end it to a state of complete in
digestibility. What is the result of such
a reghne? By the time she is 20, just at
the age nature intended her to be as flex
ibie as a sapling willow, her eyes are
dull, her teeth yeiluw, her gums pale,
her lips wan and pallid; her flesh placid,
her skin horny and sallow; in fact, all
the swell and ,ap or her womanhood is
either undevelexod or else quenched, de
pair these unsigi:tly damages sTie resots,
to pading, white-ashes, stains and bel
ladonna and kolb for her eyes.
Tlhese are a ghastly substitute for the
burnished glow of health. Once to in
dulge in artificial cosmetics is to be their
slave through all eternity.
THREE 'IMPIL RULES.
The once famous beauty, Lola Montez,
was heard to say the only real secret of
preserving beauty lay in three simple
things-temperance, exercise and cleanli
Peppered soups and stews, game pat
ties, ragouts and spices even moderately
indulged in will exercise deteriorating
effects upon a delicate complexion.
Women who do not restrain their gas
tronomic propensities will acquire before
30 the-heated, blotched face we are wont
to associate with "high living," while
the firm texture of the flesh and the
suple shape will soon be replaced by
fia ov softness and scraggy leanness.
During my few years of rather broad
and variegated experience studying
beauty and the habits of its fair pos
sessors, I have known only one who for
a series of years accustomed herself to
late hours, constant excitement, brain
work and censurable feasting without
erasing every trace of beauty. I saw her
looking as dainty as an ivory Isis after
eight years of such perilous self treat
ment as I shudder to describe. Physi
cians consider the case unique.
Women of nervous and sanguine te'n
perament should restrict themselves to
a diet of eggs,.milk, bread, salads, fruit,
light broths and the crustacea. They
should accustom themselves to drinking
aerated and natural mineral spring wa
ters, avoiding spices and condiments,
delicious and tempting as these fiery de
lights may be. In the matter of diet,
the blonde is, by force of physioloical
tendencies, constrained to stern de
nial at table. It is an old saw among
doctors that blue eyes, flaxen hair and
the pink and white face mean struma,.
Strnuma is a prettier word than serofula,
but the condition is the same and quite
as troublesome. These inflammable tem
peraments are congestive. catarrhal,
gouty, and tea,- coiree, ~underaone veer,
oily food, spices, alcoholic beverages and,
opiates concur to produce a general un
healthy action of the skin in dryness.
pimples, blotches and discolorations.
Condiments, malt and spirituous drinks
and tincture of iron thicken the blood,
giving it color and constituency. The
philosophy contained in the advice of
the ex pert in skin troubles to a lady who
consulted him in reference to a red nose,
upon hearing her habit to be a nightly
tipple of whisky and water, "leave out
the water and 'your nose will soon be
pnrple,'' is as old as it is reliable.
EFFECTs OF TEMPERAURE.
A care which came under my imme
diate observation was that of an ashen
blonde whose shin was as fair n'd opaque
as white lead, and whose hai, was unre
lieved by onie amber gleam. After an
attack of ty7phoid fever, which, by the
wa',, is an eifective purifier of the sys
teni without being more dangerous than
many of the advertised complIexion rem
udies. she was restored by iron tonics
and liquor, and the element these intro
duced into the blood dyed her cheeks
crimson .d her new suit of hair a ruddy
gold. There are temperaments which
are irritated by fish, buckwheat and hot
breads. Hives, sore eycs and annoying
skin disturbances are the outgrowth of
For the slender, bilious brunette, whose
blood is thin and whose temperament is
watery, a free diet of underdone beef
and port wine should replace the severe
regimen of- thim blonide. Tints, rather
than colors, are beautiful, and a blonde
of the ruddy type should exercise care in
selecting tonics. 'Those containing red
wie and iron color the skin to an ugly
brickdust, and I can confidently assert a
natural apris is more eilcient in cor
rcting all disorders of congestion and
circulation, and the evil consequences of
indiscretion in diet, than its printed
labels claim. When it is necessary to
renewv the vital energies a two grain
pellet of quinine taken every evening for
a month will furnish the blonde with
strengthi withouft increase of pigment.
Not only diet, but climate and temper
ature, exert a powerful influence upon
beauty. The white skins. unmmi
wath chrome or oronze tints, ~ arelo
to disorder from sudden changes of tem.n
perature and imperfect ventilation.
Strong blazes of sunlight and rude windba
are both amaging to this type of com
plexion. Winter is the seasoni of discon
tent for beauties ranging in this schedule;
the first touch of frost stagnates hecr
aready imperfectly circulating blood..
She is'happiest dturingr the days of pro
fuse perspiration, which is the very
queen of cosmetics. Sudden change ot
atmosphere in a room where- the m~er
cury has fallen ten degrees over night
has been known to produce a thick red
rash on a delicate face. A mild diet and
a mild climate are main factorsoi beauty.
-Em'aly in Philadelphia Times..
When Genm. Grant was in Japan the
Japanese nminiatecr, desiring to compli
mnent hai b telling him that he was
born to command, tried his hand at the
English language and said: ''Sire, brave
gneral, you vas made to order."-Boston
Furs were never in ;;reater variety or
more attractive tha~n this season, and alost
ev variety of Pelt has~ it its uses in one
Whistling is springing Up) all over the
country, and it is almost impossibsla to tell
wether a girl soliciting a kiss is only pre
paring to pucker.
Queen Margaret, of Italy, did her own
Christmas shopping and went the rounds
of the shops in Rome like the plainest of
It is now announced that tbe easiest way
to overcome sleeplessness is to chew gum.
It would be well in some churches to have
a plate of choice spruce gum passed around
bfore the sermon is begn.